The 2014–15 tropical cyclone season has ended.
The 2015–16 outlook is scheduled for release on Tuesday 13 October 2015.
Past South Pacific tropical cyclone season outlooks
Before a tropical cyclone forms it is difficult to predict its exact strength and path, including whether it will make landfall. Tropical cyclones which remain out to sea can still cause storm surges, gales and areas of heavy/flooding rainfall over land.
Even after a tropical cyclone has passed, or has decayed below tropical cyclone strength, significant flooding may occur. The impacts of flooding may be more widespread than the area impacted by the cyclones damaging winds..
During the cyclone season, ensure you are well informed of any warnings from local agencies and instructions from local emergency services authorities.
Pacific tropical cyclones portal tracks since 1969
About the outlooks
This outlook is produced using statistical relationships between tropical cyclone numbers and two indicators: the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and the Niño3.4 sea surface temperature index (NINO3.4 SST). These indicators provide a measure of the strength of the atmospheric and oceanic state, respectively.
The July, August and September SOI and NINO3.4 values were used in making the South Pacific tropical cyclone season outlook.
The current status of ENSO can be viewed via the Bureau's ENSO Wrap-up. Tropical Pacific Ocean temperatures have been in a neutral state since October 2012. This means that the sea surface temperature patterns in the Pacific are neither La Niña nor El Niño and is therefore not driving the South Pacific region toward significantly more or fewer tropical cyclones than average. As such, the forecast is suggesting a season closer to average.
This Outlook provides general guidance for the South Pacific region. For specific guidance for an individual country, please contact their National Meteorological and Hydrologic Service.
Map showing South Pacific tropical cyclone outlook regions.
South Pacific tropical cyclone outlook region bounds
|Whole South Pacific region||5° S||40° S||142.5° E||120° W|
|Western region||5° S||40° S||142.5° E||165° E|
|Eastern region||5° S||40° S||165° E||120° W|
Model: Kuleshov, Y., L. Qi, R. Fawcett and D. Jones, 2009: Improving preparedness to natural hazards: Tropical cyclone prediction for the Southern Hemisphere, in Advances in Geosciences, 12 Ocean Science, (Ed. Gan, J.), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 127-143.
Data: Kuleshov, Y., R. Fawcett, L. Qi, B. Trewin, D. Jones, J. McBride and H. Ramsay, 2010: Trends in tropical cyclones in the South Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D01101, doi:10.1029/2009JD012372.
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