Queensland in 2009: Wet start, warm and dry winter, dusty spring, wet finish.

Summary

Annual rainfall totals were above to very much above average (based on figures since 1900) over large parts of the Herbert North Coast, Upper Western and Carpentaria districts. This was mostly due to an active monsoon trough in January and February, which resulted in the development of Tropical Cyclones Charlotte and Ellie. After a dry March in these areas, above average rainfall also occurred in April. Below to very much below average annual rainfall occurred over eastern Peninsula districts, large parts of the Far Southwest and much of the southeast quarter of the state, apart from most of the Southeast Coast forecast district, which generally received average or slightly above average rainfall for 2009.  See a map of rainfall deciles.

During July to October 2009 the serious rainfall deficiencies experienced over large areas of Queensland were consistent with the development of an El Niño event during this time. An unusual winter heatwave occurred during August over large parts of inland Australia, resulting in Queensland's warmest August on record (based on figures since 1950). The unusually dry and warm winter was associated with a series of dust-storms across southeast Queensland in September and early October.

Rainfall

The annual rainfall averaged across Queensland in 2009 was 676.94 mm (34th highest since 1900), compared with the 1961-90 average of 627.61 mm.

The wettest location in Queensland overall was Bellenden Ker Top Stn with 7440.2 mm of rain in 2009, followed by 5055.0 mm at Bellenden Ker Bottom Stn, followed by 4982.6 mm at Babinda Post Office, followed by 4462.6 mm at Tully Sugar Mill.

The driest location overall was Birdsville Airport with 115.0 mm, followed by 117.0 mm at Ballera Gas Field. Some sites had their highest total rainfall on record. Some sites had their highest total rainfall for at least 20 years. Some sites had their lowest total rainfall on record. Some sites had their lowest total rainfall for at least 20 years.

The wettest single day was on the 4th of February, when 497.0 mm was recorded at Hawkins Creek and 467.0 mm at Cardwell Range. The next highest daily rainfall total was 464.0 mm at Black Pinch Road Alert on the 3rd of April.

Some sites had their highest daily rainfall on record. See a map of total rainfall

Temperature

Queensland's annual mean temperature for 2009 was 0.70°C above the 1961-90 average, making it the state's 10th warmest year since 1910. Queensland's warmest year on record was 2005 (1.25°C above the1961-90 average).

Maximum temperature

Maximum temperatures averaged 0.84°C above the 1961-90 average (7th highest since 1910) across Queensland in 2009.

The hottest day was 46.6 °C at Birdsville Airport on 18 Nov, followed by 46.5 °C at Ballera Gas Field on 20 Nov, followed by 46.3 °C at Birdsville Airport on 8 Dec.

The warmest days on average were 34.0 °C at Century Mine, followed by 33.8 °C at Kowanyama Airport, followed by 33.7 °C at Musgrave.

The coolest days on average were 22.2 °C at Applethorpe, followed by 22.8 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by 23.9 °C at Maleny Tamarind St.

The coldest day was 8.6 °C at Applethorpe on 16 Jul, followed by 9.1 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on 16 Jul, followed by 10.2 °C at Applethorpe on 4 Jul.

Some sites had their highest mean daily maximum temperature on record. See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.

Minimum temperature

Minimum temperatures averaged 0.57°C above the 1961-90 average (13th highest since 1910) across Queensland in 2009.

The coldest night was -5.2 °C at Oakey Aero on 12 Jun, followed by -5.0 °C at Kingaroy Airport on 12 Jun, followed by -4.9 °C at Mitchell Post Office on 12 Jun.

The coolest nights on average were 9.3 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by 9.4 °C at Applethorpe, followed by 10.9 °C at Warwick.

The warmest nights on average were 24.7 °C at Horn Island, followed by 24.5 °C at Willis Island, followed by 23.6 °C at Green Island.

The warmest night was 32.8 °C at Thargomindah Airport on 19 Nov, followed by 32.0 °C at Birdsville Airport on 20 Nov, followed by 32.0 °C at Ballera Gas Field on 21 Nov, followed by 31.7 °C at Ballera Gas Field on 19 Nov, followed by 31.7 °C at Windorah Post Office on 21 Nov.

Some sites had their lowest temperature on record. Some sites had their warmest night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record. Some sites had their highest mean daily minimum temperature on record. Some sites had their lowest mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years. See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Wind

The strongest wind gust was 131 km/h at Double Island Point Lighthouse on 30 Nov, followed by 131 km/h at St George Airport on 22 Dec, followed by 124 km/h at Richmond Airport on 23 Nov, followed by 120 km/h at Weipa Aero on 4 Oct, followed by 120 km/h at Julia Creek Airport on 22 Dec.

Month by month

January – Wet northwest due to active monsoon trough

January saw very much above average (based on figures since 1900) rainfall over most of the northern half of Queensland and in the far west due to an active monsoon, with a large part of the state affected by floods by the end of the first week. In contrast, parts of the southeast quarter of the state received below average rainfall.

Mean daily maximum temperatures were very much below average (based on figures since 1911) over most of the northern half of the state, due to rainfall and cloud coverage, and close to average over much of the remainder. The state-wide average maximum temperature was the lowest for January since 1984. Mean daily minimum temperatures were generally below average (based on figures since 1911) in the north of the state, very much below in the far northwest, and above average in the south.

A low pressure system in the southern Gulf of Carpentaria deepened into Tropical Cyclone Charlotte by the 11th and moved east across the coast near the Gilbert River mouth early on the 12th, before weakening below tropical cyclone strength over the eastern Gulf Country. Winds associated with TC Charlotte and king tides in the Gulf of Carpentaria caused sea level rises above the high water mark.

February - Flooding continues in north with active monsoon trough

Flooding continued across the north of the state in February. Based on area-averaged rainfall for the January-February period for tropical Queensland (all areas north of 23.5 °S), 2009 was the 3rd highest behind 1974 and 1991. Rainfall was below to very much below average (based on figures since 1900) over large parts of the southwest quarter of the state.   

Mean daily maximum temperatures were very much below average (based on figures since 1911) over most of the northern half of the state and close to average over much of the remainder. 

Mean daily minimum temperatures were below to very much below average (based on figures since 1911) over the northwest quarter of the state, very much above average over northern Cape York Peninsula and above average over much of the south and east of the state.

Early on the 1st, a low pressure system on the monsoon trough east of Cairns, strengthened to become Tropical Cyclone Ellie. TC Ellie remained a category 1 system as it crossed the coast near Cardwell early on the 2nd, bringing further flood producing rainfall between Cardwell and Mackay as it moved inland and weakened into a tropical depression. More information on tropical categories is available here: http://www.bom.gov.au/cyclone/about/tropical-cyclone-intensity.shtml#WindI.

 March - A dry March as Tropical Cyclone "Hamish" tracks parallel to the east coast

March rainfall was below to very much below average (based on figures since 1900) over much of Queensland.

Mean daily maximum temperatures were very much above average (based on figures since 1911) over the southern interior of the state and above average over much of the remainder, apart from the central east coast and adjacent inland. Minimum temperatures were below to very much below average (based on figures since 1911) over the northwest quarter of the state, above average in the southwest and closer to average over the remainder. 

On the 4th, a tropical low formed in the Coral Sea east of Lockhart River, then drifted to the southwest and intensified into Tropical Cyclone Hamish on the 5th of March. TC Hamish tracked almost parallel to the coast from the 5th to the 9th of March, reaching category 5 on the 7th of March. It produced damaging winds, large waves and elevated sea levels. There were some high daily rainfall totals during its track, mainly at coastal locations.  A fishing trawler capsized in the Swains Reef area as TC Hamish passed nearby with the lost of two crew. A bulk carrier off Stradbroke Island lost its cargo of containers in large waves, and leaking oil from its ruptured fuel tanks left an oil slick on southeast Queensland beaches from the Sunshine Coast to Bribie and Moreton IslandsDangerous surf conditions also affected southeast Queensland beaches.

April - A wet start, a cool end 

April rainfall was above average (based on figures since 1900) in the far northwest, the central interior, parts of the Herbert and Lower Burdekin, and the southeast districts of Queensland. It was generally below average over northern Cape Your Peninsula and in the far southwest of the state and closer to average over the remainder. Much of the rain fell in the first half of the month with some very heavy daily falls about the Sunshine Coast resulting in flash flooding.

Mean daily maximum temperatures were very much above average (based on figures since 1911) over eastern Cape York Peninsula, generally above average in the east and north of the state and closer to average over the remainder. Mean daily minimum temperatures were generally above average (based on figures since 1911) in the south of the state, along the east tropical coast and around the Gulf of Carpentaria, below average over parts of central Cape York Peninsula and closer to average elsewhere. Particularly cool nights, with some places up to 10 °C below average, occurred across southern districts and the central interior near the end of the month.

May - Wet southeast

May saw very much above average rainfall (based on figures since 1900) in southeast districts and mixed regions of above and below average rainfall over the remainder of the state. 

Mean daily maximum temperatures were above average (based on figures since 1911) over northern Cape York Peninsula and parts of the Warrego and Central Highlands, below average along the southeast coast and over southern Cape York Peninsula and close to average elsewhere. Mean daily minimum temperatures were generally slightly above average (based on figures since 1911) in the west, slightly below average in the northeast and close to average elsewhere.

Early on the 20th, a low pressure system formed near Cape Moreton and moved slowly southwest over the Brisbane area. The low, in conjunction with a very strong high pressure system in the southern Tasman Sea brought gale to storm force east to southeast winds to the greater southeast area of Queensland. An upper low pressure system provided ideal conditions for very heavy rain over southeastern districts. A series of smaller lows impacted the coast and caused large seas. In turn, many beaches suffered from significant erosion, and local inundation of low lying areas occurred. 

In May, recent trends of climate indicators across the equatorial Pacific were consistent with the very early stages of a developing El Niño.  

June – Warm days

June brought above average (based on figures since 1900) rainfall to much of the south of the state and below average rainfall to the north and far west. There were pockets of very much below average rainfall over parts of Cape York Peninsula and very much above average rainfall over parts of the Warrego and Central Lowlands.

Mean daily maximum temperatures were above average (based on figures since 1911) over most of the state and very much above average over most of the northeast quarter of the state.  Mean daily minimum temperatures were above average (based on figures since 1911) in the south of the state and about the north tropical coast and northern Cape York Peninsula and below average over much of the northwest quarter of the state and in a band across to the East Central Coast. 

A tornado was observed at Rosewood and Amberley on the 5th of June.

July – Dry and warm

July rainfall was below average (based on figures since 1900) over almost all of the state, apart from the coast adjacent to the southern Gulf of Carpentaria. Rainfall was very much below average over large parts of the south and in pockets of the remaining eastern half of the state.  

Mean daily maximum temperatures were above average (based on figures since 1911) over almost all of the state and very much above average over the Barron North Coast, most of Cape York Peninsula and large parts of the East Central Coast and Port Curtis South Coast districts. Mean daily minimum temperatures were generally below average (based on figures since 1911) in the north and around southern parts of the East Central Coast district, above average in the southwest and close to average elsewhere.

August – Exceptional heat

August rainfall was below average (based on figures since 1900) over almost all of the state, apart from the coast adjacent to the southern Gulf of Carpentaria and pockets over Cape York Peninsula. Rainfall was very much below average over large parts of the eastern half of the state and in the south. The state-averaged rainfall was the 4th lowest on record for August.

Maximum temperatures for the month as a whole were the warmest on record over 88.5% of Queensland, with Cape York Peninsula the notable exception. The state-averaged monthly maximum temperature of 29.39 °C (4.25 °C above the 1961-90 average) was the highest on record for August, based on figures since 1950. In total, 44 long-term weather stations in Queensland (those with 30 or more years of record) had their highest August daily maximum temperature on record. A record high August daily maximum temperature for Queensland of 38.5 °C occurred at Bedourie Police Station on the 29th.

Record high daily minimum temperatures occurred over a large part of the southern interior of the state and in total, 27 long-term weather stations in Queensland had their highest daily minimum temperature on record. The state-averaged monthly minimum temperature of 12.32 °C (1.89 °C above the 1961-90 average) was the second highest on record for August, based on figures since 1950.

September – Hot, dry and dusty.

The July to September period was the hottest and third driest on record for Queensland.

September rainfall was below average (based on figures since 1900) over large parts of the northern half of the state and below to very much below average in the Central Coast districts and northeast Central Highlands. It was generally close to average elsewhere.

Mean daily maximum temperatures for the month were very much above average (based on figures since 1911) over most of the eastern half of the state and parts of the western half. Mean daily minimum temperatures were above average (based on figures since 1911) over much of the south of the state and parts of the north, with the northern interior close to average.

An extraordinary duststorm affected the state between the 22nd and the 25th. Duststorms again occurred on the 26th and 27th. 

October - Tropical atmosphere and oceans align.

October’s rainfall was below average (based on figures since 1900) across most of the state and very much below average over large parts of the Western districts, the Lower Carpentaria and Port Curtis South Coast districts. Only parts of the southern and central interior, and the western Peninsula received above average rainfall. 

Mean daily maximum temperatures were above average (based on figures since 1911) over Cape York Peninsula, the East Darling Downs, Moreton South Coast district, Port Curtis South Coast district, East Central Coast and North Coast districts.  Mean daily minimum temperatures were generally below average (based on figures since 1911) over western and central districts and very much below average over parts of the far west.

Areas of raised dust were reported over the southern and southwest parts of Queensland on the 12th and 13th, following the passage of a surface trough. Visibility was reduced to 200 m at some locations.  Dust haze then extended to the southeast coast on the 14th, with visibility reduced to around 5 km.

In October, tropical atmosphere and oceans aligned and ocean surface temperatures in the central equatorial Pacific warmed further exceeding levels typical of an El Niño event by their greatest margin of the year.  

November - Maturing El Niño.

November rainfall was above to very much above average (based on figures since 1900) over the Lower Western, Far Southwest and much of the North Coast districts and below average over most of the rest of the state.

Mean daily maximum temperatures were above to very much above average (based on figures since 1911) over the southern half of the state, the northwest and Cape York Peninsula and highest on record over parts of the Warrego, Maranoa, Darling Downs and Central Highlands. Only over the North Coast and eastern Upper Carpentaria were mean daily maximum temperatures below average.

Mean daily minimum temperatures were above average (based on figures since 1911) over much of the state and very much above average over the southern third. Only parts of eastern Cape York Peninsula, the Central Coast and parts of the Central Highlands and Lowlands experienced below average mean daily minimum temperatures.

In November a maturing of the El Niño event in the Pacific Ocean occurred.

December - Dry start, wet finish.

December rainfall was very much above average (based on figures since 1900) over parts of the Maranoa and Warrego, western Central Highlands and West Darling Downs.  Rainfall was below average over large areas of the Peninsula districts, the Barron North Coast district, Central Coast districts and the eastern Central Highlands. Heavy rainfall associated with ex-Tropical Cyclone Laurence resulted in stream rises and river flooding in parts of central and western Queensland.

Mean daily maximum temperatures were above average (based on figures since 1911) over large parts of northern and eastern Queensland, with pockets of very much above average temperatures over Cape York Peninsula, the far northwest of the state, parts of the East Central Coast and South Coast districts.

Mean daily minimum temperatures were very much above average (based on figures since 1911) over a broad region from the southern Gulf of Carpentaria to the Darling Downs and Moreton South Coast districts and over northeast Cape York Peninsula and highest on record over a band from near Longreach to the East Darling Downs. Mean daily minimum temperatures were below average over the southwest of the state and part of the South Peninsula district.

Further information

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Extremes in 2009
Hottest day 46.6 °C at Birdsville Airport on 18 Nov
46.5 °C at Ballera Gas Field on 20 Nov
46.3 °C at Birdsville Airport on 8 Dec
Warmest days on average 34.0 °C at Century Mine
33.8 °C at Kowanyama Airport
33.7 °C at Musgrave
Coolest days on average 22.2 °C at Applethorpe
22.8 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
23.9 °C at Maleny Tamarind St
Coldest day 8.6 °C at Applethorpe on 16 Jul
9.1 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on 16 Jul
10.2 °C at Applethorpe on 4 Jul
Coldest night -5.2 °C at Oakey Aero on 12 Jun
-5.0 °C at Kingaroy Airport on 12 Jun
-4.9 °C at Mitchell Post Office on 12 Jun
Coolest nights on average 9.3 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
9.4 °C at Applethorpe
10.9 °C at Warwick
Warmest nights on average 24.7 °C at Horn Island
24.5 °C at Willis Island
23.6 °C at Green Island
Warmest night 32.8 °C at Thargomindah Airport on 19 Nov
32.0 °C at Birdsville Airport on 20 Nov
32.0 °C at Ballera Gas Field on 21 Nov
31.7 °C at Ballera Gas Field on 19 Nov
31.7 °C at Windorah Post Office on 21 Nov
Wettest overall 7440.2 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Stn
5055.0 mm at Bellenden Ker Bottom Stn
4982.6 mm at Babinda Post Office
4462.6 mm at Tully Sugar Mill
Driest overall 115.0 mm at Birdsville Airport
117.0 mm at Ballera Gas Field
Wettest day 497.0 mm at Hawkins Creek on 4 Feb
467.0 mm at Cardwell Range on 4 Feb
464.0 mm at Black Pinch Road Alert on 3 Apr
Highest wind gust 131 km/h at Double Island Point Lighthouse on 30 Nov
131 km/h at St George Airport on 22 Dec
124 km/h at Richmond Airport on 23 Nov
120 km/h at Weipa Aero on 4 Oct
120 km/h at Julia Creek Airport on 22 Dec

Record highest annual daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in 2009 (mm)
Previous annual
highest
Years of
record
Muttaburra 223.0 on 31 Dec 207.0 on 12 Jan 1951 124
Mungar Junction 296.2 on 14 Apr 272.5 on 22 Dec 1956 116
Theebine 311.0 on 14 Apr 254.0 on 30 Apr 1948 110
Marion Downs 192.0 on 7 Jan 112.0 on 6 Feb 1991 97
Chatsworth 179.0 on 7 Jan 140.6 on 14 Jan 1981 96
Manfred Downs Station 274.0 on 11 Feb 200.9 on 14 Jan 1964 94
Mudgeacca 176.0 on 8 Jan 154.6 on 30 Jan 1974 70
Numil Downs Station 224.0 on 27 Jan 200.0 on 12 Jan 2008 67
Tranby 160.0 on 10 Feb 126.0 on 6 Mar 1997 57
Herbert Vale 175.0 on 4 Jan 152.4 on 11 Mar 1923 54
Teddington Waterworks 279.2 on 14 Apr 262.4 on 10 Jun 1967 54
Maywin Park 155.0 on 11 Feb 141.2 on 30 Oct 2000 45
Talagai 155.0 on 11 Feb 142.2 on 5 Dec 1968 42
Hawkins Creek 497.0 on 4 Feb 478.0 on 10 Jan 1998 39
Lawnton Colonial Drive 206.0 on 20 May 196.4 on 2 May 1996 34
Mango Hill 181.4 on 20 May 180.0 on 22 Feb 1992 31
Lucinda Point 208.2 on 24 Feb 175.0 on 17 Mar 2000 28
Brightlands Station 160.0 on 8 Jan 151.0 on 3 Mar 1997 22
Rocklands 143.0 on 10 Feb 119.1 on 22 Dec 2007 22



Record highest total annual rainfall
Total rainfall
for 2009 (mm)
Previous annual
highest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Ayr DPI Research Stn 1698.6 1624.9 in 1973 54 963.2

Highest total annual rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for 2009 (mm)
Most recent higher
annual
Years since
higher
Annual
average
Bambaroo 3276.4 3781.2 in 1950 53 1864.8
Lands End Station 923.6 1283.8 in 1974 35 459.8
Croydon Township 1262.3 1445.1 in 1974 34 736.7
Camooweal Township 965.6 1003.3 in 1974 30 395.5
Elphinstone Pocket No1 2580.4 2598.6 in 1977 30 1783.0
Rollingstone 2782.0 3136.2 in 1974 28 1632.4
Ingham Composite 3386.6 3423.0 in 1981 27 2107.3
Strathtay Station 1147.8 1183.5 in 1981 26 598.7
Cloncurry McIllwraith St 1054.6 1266.6 in 1974 24 476.6
Hawkins Creek 3902.2 3924.5 in 1981 23 2431.6
Lucinda Township 3044.3 3413.1 in 1981 23 2102.7
Paluma Ivy Cottage 4110.5 4691.0 in 1981 23 2563.9
Greenvale Township 1185.5 1205.2 in 1981 22 655.2
Lucinda Point 1442.4 2185.6 in 1981 21 992.0
Beerburrum Forest Station 1971.0 2043.3 in 1983 20 1394.7



Record lowest total annual rainfall
Total rainfall
for 2009 (mm)
Previous annual
lowest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Somerby 242.4 298.5 in 1926 78 617.7

Lowest total annual rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for 2009 (mm)
Most recent lower
annual
Years since
lower
Annual
average
Miles Post Office 339.5 246.4 in 1919 89 649.1
Jondaryan Post Office 364.0 301.3 in 1919 87 639.7
Bauhinia Downs Store 309.7 299.7 in 1919 79 668.2
Inglewood Post Office 395.7 358.4 in 1923 77 657.4
Meandarra Post Office 372.2 343.8 in 1946 54 573.3
Injune Post Office 399.4 319.3 in 1957 52 629.8
Woodspring 438.0 402.7 in 1960 47 637.4
Augathella Post Office 231.6 229.0 in 1965 40 525.8
Havelock 323.5 313.5 in 1967 38 536.8
Wyseby 373.0 369.8 in 1969 38 716.8
Springsure Dame St 325.8 303.1 in 1969 29 676.9
Rolleston 361.4 323.8 in 1982 27 635.8
Morven Post Office 305.0 299.0 in 1982 20 537.1



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for 2009 (°C)
Previous annual
highest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 24.5 = 24.5 in 2005 95 23.2
Rockhampton Aero 29.9 29.8 in 2004 69 28.3
Taroom Post Office 30.0 29.9 in 2002 53 28.2
Injune Post Office 29.2 29.1 in 1980 39 27.5
Musgrave 33.7 33.6 in 1926 36 32.4
Monto Township 28.7 28.6 in 1980 33 27.3
Seventeen Seventy 26.8 26.3 in 2005 21 25.7



Record highest annual daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in 2009 (°C)
Previous annual
highest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Mitchell Post Office 29.3 on 10 Dec 29.0 on 5 Jan 2006 42 11.7



Record lowest annual temperature
Lowest temperature
in 2009 (°C)
Previous annual
lowest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Clermont Sirius St -3.5 on 18 Jul -2.6 on 7 Jul 1982 48 15.0



Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for 2009 (°C)
Previous annual
highest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Texas Post Office 12.8 12.7 in 2005 36 11.3



Lowest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for 2009 (°C)
Most recent lower
annual
Years since
lower
Annual
average
Croydon Township 20.3 19.8 in 1984 21 20.3



Summary statistics for 2009
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2009
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2009
Mean
for
2009
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2009
Total
for
2009
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2009
Fraction
of annual
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coen Airport 32.0   40.6 1 Dec 20.5   8.0 23 May
Horn Island 30.6 +0.4 33.7 26 Nov 24.7 +0.2 17.7 23 May 1639.8 1829.0 average 90%
Weipa Aero 33.1 +0.4 37.7 5 Dec 21.8 0.0 12.7 23 May 1809.6 1998.3 average 91%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 30.3 +0.5 35.0 1 Dec     11.5 23 May 1296.6 2054.5 v low 63%
Musgrave 33.7 +1.3 40.8 1 Dec 18.4 -0.4 6.9 16 Jul 673.3 1161.8 v low 58%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Century Mine 34.0   43.6 7 Dec 19.0   4.5 18 Jul 992.8
Cloncurry Airport 32.6 -0.9 43.2 9 Dec 18.1 -0.8 3.7 18 Jul 740.4 513.8 high 144%
Croydon Township 33.3 -0.5 41.4 8 Dec 20.3 0.0 5.4 16 Jul 1262.3 736.7 v high 171%
Julia Creek Airport 33.0   43.7 9 Dec 16.7   2.3 18 Jul 783.2
Kowanyama Airport 33.8 +0.6 40.4 1 Dec 20.8 0.0 6.3 18 Jul 1157.2 1248.2 average 93%
Mornington Island 31.1 +0.7 37.3 1 Dec 22.3 +0.2 10.0 18 Jul 1491.6 1197.6 high 125%
Mount Isa Aero 31.7 -0.1 42.4 20 Nov 16.2 -1.1 -0.4 18 Jul 790.4 455.2 high 174%
Normanton Airport 33.5   40.6 5 Dec 21.8   9.6 16 Jul 1337.6
Sweers Island 30.5   37.6 25 Dec 23.2   12.5 7 Jul 1411.3
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 32.9   40.9 8 Dec     0.5 16 Jul 1587.0
Hughenden Airport 32.0   41.9 9 Dec 16.3   0.5 17 Jul 756.8
Richmond Airport 32.8 -0.5 43.7 9 Dec 16.1 -1.0 1.0 18 Jul 541.6 459.3 average 118%
Richmond Post Office 32.9 +0.1 43.5 9 Dec 17.0 +0.4 1.9 15 Jul 554.9 474.7 average 117%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 29.7 +0.7 33.9 5 Oct 20.8 0.0 11.4 5 Jul 2197.4 2014.8 average 109%
Cape Flattery 30.3   36.4 17 Feb 23.3   12.2 22 May 1012.6
Cooktown Airport 29.9   36.3 1 Dec     9.1 22 May 1217.6
Green Island 27.7 -0.2 34.1 19 Dec 23.6 +0.5 19.2 23 May
Mareeba Airport 29.1   37.9 1 Dec 17.5   7.1 14 Aug 875.2
Walkamin Research Station 27.8 +0.5 36.8 1 Dec 16.9 -0.2 6.8 22 May 951.6 1020.0 average 93%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 28.7 0.0 34.1 24 Dec 19.6 +0.7 7.6 18 Jul 2521.2 2113.1 high 119%
Ingham Composite 29.4 +0.2 35.6 1 Dec     7.5 17 Jul 3386.6 2107.3 v high 161%
Innisfail 28.5 +0.6 33.5 21 Feb 20.3 +1.0 10.8 18 Jul 3875.0 3559.7 average 109%
Lucinda Point 26.9 -0.2 32.5 18 Feb 22.3 -0.1 14.3 18 Jul 1442.4 992.0 v high 145%
Townsville Aero 29.5 +0.6 36.3 4 Oct 19.8 0.0 6.7 17 Jul 1989.8 1131.6 v high 176%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 28.5 +0.1 34.3 4 Oct 20.4 0.0 7.9 17 Jul 1860.0 886.0 v high 210%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 29.4 +0.3 36.4 15 Oct 18.3 +0.4 4.3 17 Jul 1698.6 963.2 highest 176%
Bowen Airport 28.9 +0.3 35.7 4 Oct 19.1 -0.4 6.1 18 Jul 1367.2 858.9 high 159%
Collinsville Post Office 30.9 +0.8 38.3 1 Dec 16.3 -0.1 1.6 18 Jul 734.0 708.4 average 104%
Hamilton Island Airport 26.5   31.7 16 Oct 22.0   16.5 12 Jun 1684.6
Mackay Aero 27.9 +0.8 35.3 1 Dec 17.7 -0.1 3.7 17 Jul 1348.6 1516.9 average 89%
Mackay M.O 27.2 +0.8 34.4 1 Dec 19.4 +0.4 7.5 18 Jul 1756.8 1584.3 high 111%
Proserpine Airport 29.2 +0.5 37.8 4 Oct 16.9 -0.7 0.6 17 Jul 1476.6 1413.8 average 104%
Samuel Hill Aero 27.6   34.9 1 Jan 15.6   0.7 18 Jul 1467.4
St Lawrence 29.0   36.4 16 Oct 17.3   1.4 18 Jul 871.0
St Lawrence Post Office 29.3 +0.9 36.9 16 Oct 18.0 +0.7 4.3 18 Jul 680.6 1012.9 low 67%
Williamson 28.9   35.4 16 Oct 16.7   0.1 18 Jul 720.2
Woolshed 26.6   35.9 1 Dec 16.6   1.1 17 Jul 1589.6 966.3 high 165%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 26.3 +0.5 35.9 14 Oct 18.6 +0.1 2.7 12 Jun 874.6 883.9 average 99%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 30.5 +0.1 39.5 29 Nov 17.1 -0.6 4.4 18 Jul 951.5 641.3 average 148%
Central Highlands (district 35)
Clermont Sirius St 30.6 +0.9 40.0 29 Nov     -3.5 18 Jul 407.1 663.4 low 61%
Emerald Airport 30.3 +0.5 40.5 18 Nov 15.7 -0.7 1.4 13 Jun 465.8 521.4 average 89%
Rolleston 30.5 +0.9 40.7 18 Nov 14.2 +0.2 -0.5 19 Jul 361.4 635.8 v low 57%
Tambo Post Office 30.1 +1.1 41.5 9 Dec 13.6 +1.0 -2.2 12 Jun 483.0 528.7 average 91%
Taroom Post Office 30.0 +1.8 41.5 18 Nov 14.2 +0.6 -2.4 12 Jun 412.9 668.3 v low 62%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 30.9 +0.8 41.7 9 Dec 17.3 +1.1 2.9 17 Jul 511.9 496.3 average 103%
Blackall Airport 30.8   42.3 9 Dec 15.5   0.0 17 Jul 545.4
Isisford Post Office 31.5 +0.7 43.4 9 Dec 16.4 +0.9 1.4 17 Jul 606.3 452.1 high 134%
Longreach Aero 32.0 +0.6 43.7 9 Dec 15.9 +0.1 1.0 19 Jul 482.8 447.0 high 108%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 32.9 0.0 43.4 7 Dec 17.5 -0.1 3.2 18 Jul 965.6 395.5 v high 244%
The Monument Airport 31.7   43.8 20 Nov 16.3   1.5 18 Jul 181.6
Trepell Airport 32.0   44.0 19 Nov 16.6   3.2 17 Jul 545.4
Urandangi 32.4 0.0 44.0 8 Dec 15.5 -0.7 2.5 18 Jun 478.3 298.0 high 161%
Winton Airport 32.6   44.6 9 Dec 16.1   1.8 18 Jul 439.0
Winton Post Office 32.3 +0.2 43.4 9 Dec 17.4 +0.8 2.6 18 Jul 533.4 411.2 high 130%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 31.7   46.6 18 Nov 16.7   3.5 18 Jul 115.0
Boulia Airport 32.1 +0.3 45.7 20 Nov     3.4 18 Jul 304.8 264.2 average 115%
Windorah Post Office 31.6 +1.1 45.0 20 Nov 17.0 +1.2 2.8 19 Jul 344.8 286.3 high 120%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Baralaba Post Office 30.8 +1.1 41.0 18 Nov 15.4 +0.3 -1.2 12 Jun 558.6 708.1 low 79%
Bundaberg Aero 27.3 +0.7 34.1 21 Feb 17.2 +0.8 4.3 12 Jun 875.9 1013.9 average 86%
Gayndah Airport 29.1   41.9 1 Jan 14.3   0.5 12 Jun 657.6
Gladstone Airport 28.0 +0.8 35.9 14 Oct 18.1 +0.1 5.2 12 Jun 698.2 779.9 low 90%
Gladstone Radar 29.1 +1.4 36.4 30 Nov 19.1 +0.6 8.0 12 Jun 650.4 873.4 low 74%
Lady Elliot Island 26.1 +0.5 31.4 22 Jan     10.4 30 Jun 1029.0 1143.9 average 90%
Monto Township 28.7 +1.4 38.3 18 Nov 13.1 +0.2 -3.9 12 Jun 504.9 730.9 low 69%
Rockhampton Aero 29.9 +1.6 38.3 30 Nov 17.2 +0.6 2.7 12 Jun 587.8 796.8 low 74%
Rundle Island 25.0 +0.2 30.9 5 Mar 21.1 +0.3 11.4 12 Jun
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 26.4 +0.6 32.7 1 Jan 19.2 +0.4 9.4 12 Jun 1202.5 1268.0 average 95%
Seventeen Seventy 26.8 +1.1 32.1 20 Feb     8.3 12 Jun 897.0 1129.7 low 79%
Thangool Airport 29.8 +0.6 39.6 18 Nov 14.0 +0.7 -2.8 12 Jun 535.8 662.1 low 81%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 27.8 +1.1 40.3 17 Nov 12.9 -0.2 -2.5 12 Jun 903.1 855.2 average 106%
Archerfield Airport 27.0 +0.8 38.0 17 Nov 14.9 +0.6 2.3 12 Jun 1045.8 1063.8 average 98%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 27.2   39.3 17 Nov 12.9   -1.5 12 Jun 841.0
Beerburrum Forest Station 27.0   39.5 17 Nov 14.9   4.1 12 Jun 1971.0 1394.7 v high 141%
Brisbane* 26.9 +1.3 36.1 9 Feb 16.6 +0.8 5.5 12 Jun 1072.4 1121.6 average 96%
Brisbane Aero 25.9 +0.6 34.8 3 Oct 16.0 +0.5 3.4 12 Jun 1157.8 997.7 high 116%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 24.5 +1.3 30.6 24 Dec 19.1 +1.1 9.0 11 Jun 771.2 1504.1 v low 51%
Coolangatta 25.6 +1.1 34.6 3 Oct 16.0 +0.1 2.2 11 Jun 1566.4 1494.0 average 105%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 25.8 +1.7 33.1 9 Feb 19.3 +0.7 8.5 17 Jul 911.8 1383.8 low 66%
Gold Coast Seaway 26.3 +1.2 35.0 3 Oct 17.3 +0.1 6.4 12 Jun 1265.8 1225.7 average 103%
Gympie 27.7 +0.5 40.5 17 Nov 13.7 +0.1 -1.8 12 Jun 935.6 1122.8 average 83%
Hervey Bay Airport 26.6   32.2 13 Dec 16.9   1.8 12 Jun 906.0
Jimna Forestry 24.3   36.6 17 Nov 11.9   -2.9 12 Jun 950.4 774.4 high 123%
Kingaroy Airport 26.4   38.2 17 Nov 11.3   -5.0 12 Jun 624.6
Logan City Water Treatment 26.8 +0.9 37.5 17 Nov 15.8 +0.9 3.5 12 Jun 1275.5 1081.7 average 118%
Maleny Tamarind St 23.9   37.8 17 Nov 14.7   2.9 12 Jun 1825.0 1975.5 average 92%
Maroochydore Aero 26.1 +1.0 35.3 3 Oct 16.0 +0.2 1.5 12 Jun 1480.2 1383.9 average 107%
Maryborough 27.7 +0.8 35.3 11 Dec 15.5 +0.2 0.8 12 Jun 738.1 1139.8 low 65%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 26.5   39.7 17 Nov 15.9   2.6 12 Jun 1621.6
Point Lookout 26.3 +1.1 31.7 18 Feb 18.4 -0.2 8.0 11 Jun 1488.7
Rainbow Beach 25.7 +0.3 33.2 1 Jan     12.0 28 Apr 1202.7 1423.2 low 85%
Redcliffe* 25.7 +0.5 34.7 3 Oct 17.1 +0.4 4.6 12 Jun 1166.2 992.6 average 117%
Tewantin RSL Park 25.8 +0.6 36.4 17 Nov 17.0 +0.1 4.1 12 Jun 1277.0 1544.4 low 83%
Toolara (Kelly) 27.9 +0.7 38.2 28 Nov 16.6 +0.2 4.8 17 Jul 1314.6 1228.2 average 107%
University of Queensland Gatton 28.2 +1.4 41.9 17 Nov 13.0 0.0 -0.2 12 Jun 650.6 771.4 low 84%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 22.2 +1.5 35.4 10 Dec 9.4 +0.5 -4.0 12 Jun 714.4 761.1 average 94%
Dalby Airport 27.7 +0.9 40.0 10 Dec 11.9 -0.1 -4.6 12 Jun 472.0 608.2 low 78%
Goondiwindi Airport 28.2 +0.9 42.1 18 Nov 13.6 +0.9 -0.9 12 Jun 407.8 613.4 v low 66%
Oakey Aero 26.7 +1.3 40.2 10 Dec 11.7 +0.9 -5.2 12 Jun 374.6 622.7 v low 60%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 22.8 +1.1 36.2 9 Dec 9.3 +0.5 -4.0 15 May 658.4 765.1 average 86%
Texas Post Office 27.8 +0.9 40.5 9 Feb 12.8 +1.5 -2.0 12 Jun 677.4 658.4 average 103%
Toowoomba Airport 24.0 +0.9 38.2 10 Dec 12.9 +0.4 -1.0 11 Jun 433.4 634.3 v low 68%
Warwick 25.5 +0.8 39.2 10 Dec 10.9 +0.6 -3.9 12 Jun 520.8 667.1 v low 78%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 28.8 +1.1 40.6 10 Dec 13.2 +0.3 -3.5 12 Jun 407.4 535.4 low 76%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 29.2 +1.7 41.8 19 Nov 12.3 +0.5 -4.2 12 Jun 399.4 629.8 v low 63%
Mitchell Post Office 29.6 +2.1 42.2 9 Dec 12.7 +1.0 -4.9 12 Jun 362.6 563.2 low 64%
Roma Airport 29.2 +1.4 42.6 17 Nov 13.5 +0.7 -3.1 12 Jun 366.0 561.1 v low 65%
St George Airport 29.1 +1.2 44.0 19 Nov 14.5 +0.7 -1.0 9 Aug 406.0 484.1 low 84%
Surat 29.1 +1.3 43.3 17 Nov 14.1 +1.1 -2.6 12 Jun 449.9 574.7 low 78%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 29.5 +1.5 44.2 20 Nov 14.4 +1.2 0.0 11 Jun 634.0 461.7 high 137%
Charleville Aero 29.7 +1.7 43.0 9 Dec 14.7 +1.2 -0.9 18 Jul 341.8 484.0 low 71%
Cunnamulla Post Office 29.5 +1.5 43.6 19 Nov 15.6 +1.4 1.0 12 Jun 384.0 373.9 average 103%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 30.8   46.5 20 Nov     2.6 12 Jun 117.0
Quilpie Airport 30.7 +1.5 44.4 20 Nov 16.7 +1.3 1.4 19 Jul 261.4 341.0 average 77%
Thargomindah Airport 30.2   45.4 18 Nov 16.8   1.6 18 Jul 231.7 227.6 average 102%

Notes

A Annual Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Monday 4 January 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Please note that the rainfall data from Bureau of Meteorology telemetry gauges (those with ALERT, AL or TM in their names) includes real-time operational data from automated systems and has not been checked.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

* These sites are compared to other long-term sites in the area.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

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