Sunday, 1 March 2009 - Monthly Climate Summary for Queensland - Product code IDCKGC24R0
The start of the month saw much activity across the state. By the end of January, a tropical low had developed on the monsoon trough and was positioned over the southern Gulf of Carpentaria. This low deepened slowly and produced further heavy rainfall in already flooded areas.
As this low weakened, a second low developed on the monsoon trough east of Cairns, strengthening to become Tropical Cyclone "Ellie" early on the 1st of February. "Ellie" remained a category 1 system as it crossed the coast near Cardwell early on the 2nd, bringing further flood producing rainfall between Cardwell and Mackay as it moved inland and weakened into a tropical depression. Flood warnings were issued for the Tully, Murray, Herbert, Burdekin, Haughton and Pioneer Rivers.
A further weak low was identified on the monsoon trough to the east of Cairns on the 4th, drifting northward with the monsoon trough and produced further heavy rainfall on the North Tropical Coast between the 4th and 8th, causing renewed rises to inland rivers.
Around the 10th, rainfall eased on the North Tropical Coast, but a band of moderate to heavy rainfall fell across the state from the far northwest to central Queensland causing renewed rises to inland rivers.
From the 12th to the 14th, a surface trough was located from around St Lawrence to the Gulf, generating locally heavy falls up to 200 mm about the Herbert, Burdekin and central coast districts. A low pressure system located north of Charleville also extended northwards, causing thunderstorms between Charleville and Roma, while a surface low developed off the coast near St Lawrence and moved southeast along the coast. Southeast coastal districts saw rainfall totals up to 200 mm for the two days.
Showers and thunderstorms over the tropics generally with rain areas from the southern tropics to the central coast occurred on the 23rd, with Lucinda receiving 245 mm to 9am on the 24th, Halifax with 248 mm and Gairloch with 206 mm.The monsoon trough was located over northern Cape York Peninsula for most of the month, generating showers and thunderstorms, and also rain areas over most of the central and northern tropics.
Area-averaged across the state, the rainfall was 152.07 mm based on figures since 1900.
The wettest overall was 1689.2 mm at Hawkins Creek, followed by 1484.3 mm at Paluma Ivy Cottage, followed by 1483 mm at Bulgun Creek Alert, followed by 1477.2 mm at Cardwell Range.
Some sites had their highest total February rainfall on record.
Some sites had their highest total February rainfall for at least 20 years.The wettest single day 497.0 mm at Hawkins Creek, followed by 467.0 mm at Cardwell Range and then 377 mm at Fisher Creek TM, all on the 4th.
Some sites had their highest February daily rainfall on record.
The south and south east of the state faired
close to average, while the north was below average. The largest
anomalies with maximum temperatures were 3 to 4 degrees below average
over the north western districts due to
continuous rainfall across the region.
Similarly, minimum temperatures were below over the northwest, some
areas up to 3 degrees below the long term average, and close to average
across the remainder of the state.
The hottest day was 45.2°C at Ballera Gas Field on the 5th, followed by 43.8°C at Thargomindah Airport on the 5th, followed by 43.5°C at Ballera Gas Field on the 6th.
The warmest days on average were 38.4°C at Ballera Gas Field, followed by 37.8°C at Birdsville Airport, followed by 37.6°C at Thargomindah Airport.
The coolest days on average were 26.5°C at Maleny Tamarind St, followed by 26.6°C at Applethorpe, followed by 26.8°C at Toowoomba Airport.
The coldest day was 17.5°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 13th, followed by 18.0°C at Applethorpe on the 13th, followed by 18.6°C at Toowoomba Airport on the 13th.
Some sites had their lowest February mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years.See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.
The coldest night was 10.0°C at Applethorpe on the 28th, followed by 10.5°C at Warwick on the 28th, followed by 11.2°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 28th.
The coolest nights on average were 15.0°C at Applethorpe, followed by 15.8°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by 16.8°C at Warwick.
The warmest nights on average were 26.2°C at Willis Island, followed by 25.9°C at Coconut Island, followed by 25.5°C at Green Island, followed by 25.5°C at Sweers Island.
The warmest night was 31.5°C at Ballera Gas Field on the 6th.
Some sites had their lowest February temperature on record.
Some sites had their lowest February mean daily minimum temperature on record.
Some sites had their lowest February mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years.See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.
Topical Cyclone "Ellie" crossed the coast early on the 1st February. The track map and report can be found here.
45.2°C at Ballera Gas Field on the 5th|
43.8°C at Thargomindah Airport on the 5th
43.5°C at Ballera Gas Field on the 6th
|Warmest days on average|
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
38.4°C at Ballera Gas Field|
37.8°C at Birdsville Airport
37.6°C at Thargomindah Airport
|Coolest days on average|
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
26.5°C at Maleny Tamarind St|
26.6°C at Applethorpe
26.8°C at Toowoomba Airport
Lowest daily maximum temperature
17.5°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 13th|
18.0°C at Applethorpe on the 13th
18.6°C at Toowoomba Airport on the 13th
10.0°C at Applethorpe on the 28th|
10.5°C at Warwick on the 28th
11.2°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 28th
|Coolest nights on average|
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
15.0°C at Applethorpe|
15.8°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
16.8°C at Warwick
|Warmest nights on average|
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
26.2°C at Willis Island|
25.9°C at Coconut Island
25.5°C at Green Island
25.5°C at Sweers Island
Highest daily minimum temperature
31.5°C at Ballera Gas Field on the 6th|
30.3°C at Ballera Gas Field on the 5th
29.7°C at Ballera Gas Field on the 7th
Highest total rainfall
1689.2 mm at Hawkins Creek|
1484.3 mm at Paluma Ivy Cottage
1483 mm at Bulgun Creek Alert
Highest daily rainfall
497.0 mm at Hawkins Creek on the 4th|
467.0 mm at Cardwell Range on the 4th
377.0 mm at Fisher Creek TM on the 4th
|Highest wind gust||
93 km/h at Double Island Point Lighthouse on the 13th|
91 km/h at Hamilton Island Airport on the 1st
91 km/h at Cape Moreton Lighthouse on the 13th
89 km/h at Toowoomba Airport on the 13th
|Record highest February daily rainfall|
Highest daily rainfall
in February 2009 (mm)
|Camooweal Township||132.0||on the 9th||112.8||on the 28th in 1992||116|
|Peakvale Station||149.0||on the 11th||147.3||on the 1st in 1922||76|
|Wrotham Park||161.0||on the 14th||140.0||on the 12th in 1999||50|
|Fort Constantine Station||112.0||on the 9th||85.0||on the 14th in 1987||43|
|Embreys Bridge||106.8||on the 20th||81.0||on the 8th in 1981||33|
|Lucinda Point||208.2||on the 24th||118.0||on the 1st in 1994||26|
|Record highest total February rainfall|
for February 2009 (mm)
|Halifax Macrossan St||1346.9||1188.8||in 2000||111||473.4|
|Upper Stone Exelby||969.2||966.9||in 2000||70||389.3|
|Townsville Aero||960.8||904.2||in 1968||69||306.6|
|Ayr DPI Research Stn||880.0||683.8||in 2000||57||246.1|
|Ingham Composite||1400.6||1221.6||in 1994||42||477.6|
|Paluma Ivy Cottage||1484.3||1379.8||in 1991||38||613.6|
|Turrawulla Station||407.5||306.2||in 1991||33||116.7|
|Lucinda Point||542.8||530.8||in 1984||24||215.6|
|Highest total February rainfall for at least 20 years|
for February 2009 (mm)
Most recent higher
|Augustus Downs Station||434.3||532.6||in 1891||110||138.3|
|Lucinda Township||1204.4||1269.2||in 1906||100||480.0|
|Giru Post Office||1037.0||1147.5||in 1947||62||316.8|
|Dirranbandi High School||125.0||313.0||in 1976||32||52.5|
|Comet Post Office||183.2||197.0||in 1978||31||89.3|
|Cowan Downs Station||349.5||494.4||in 1979||27||159.0|
|Lowest February mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years|
Mean daily maximum
for February 2009 (°C)
Most recent lower
|Richmond Post Office||32.3||32.2||in 1979||30||35.7|
|Winton Post Office||33.6||33.2||in 1984||25||36.2|
|Croydon Township||32.4||32.1||in 1984||23||34.6|
|Ayr DPI Research Stn||30.1||29.6||in 1984||22||31.5|
|Record lowest February temperature|
in February 2009 (°C)
|Clermont Sirius St||14.0||on the 15th||14.8||on the 11th in 1996||48||21.1|
|Mount Isa Aero||13.6||on the 14th||14.6||on the 20th in 1999||43||23.5|
|Record lowest February mean daily minimum temperature|
Mean daily minimum
for February 2009 (°C)
|Mount Isa Aero||20.9||21.8||in 2005||42||23.5|
|Lowest February mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years|
Mean daily minimum
for February 2009 (°C)
Most recent lower
|Barcaldine Post Office||21.9||21.7||in 1989||20||22.7|
In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.
|Summary statistics for February 2009|
|North Peninsula (district 27)|
|South Peninsula (district 28)|
|Lockhart River Airport||31.6||+0.3||34.1||17th||24.3||+0.7||22.7||15th||174.0||387.7||low||45%|
|Lower Carpentaria (district 29)|
|Burketown Post Office||32.4||−1.2||37.0||21st||24.7||0.0||20.7||11th||233.0||192.8||high||121%|
|Cloncurry Airport||32.9||−3.6||37.3||21st||22.0||−2.4||15.3||14th||236.2||112.6||very high||210%|
|Croydon Township||32.4||−2.2||35.6||20th||23.7||−0.3||19.7||15th||305.2||178.8||very high||171%|
|Julia Creek Airport||31.8||35.3||21st||21.7||15.0||14th||110.8|
|Mount Isa Aero||32.4||−3.0||36.8||21st||20.9||−2.6||13.6||14th||177.8||99.3||high||179%|
|Upper Carpentaria (district 30)|
|Richmond Post Office||32.3||−3.4||36.3||21st||21.8||−0.7||16.5||15th||114.4||104.3||average||110%|
|Barron North Coast (district 31)|
|Kairi Research Station||28.0||+0.5||31.1||15th||19.9||+0.3||16.0||19th||388.4||271.2||high||143%|
|Low Isles Lighthouse||31.9||+0.2||35.2||18th||24.1||24th||545.4||418.1||high||130%|
|Herbert North Coast (district 32)|
|Cardwell Marine Pde||30.4||−0.9||34.1||21st||24.0||+1.1||22.1||19th||740.9||468.5||high||158%|
|South Johnstone Exp Stn||31.2||+0.5||35.0||18th||23.6||+0.9||20.9||19th||681.4||581.8||average||117%|
|East Central Coast (district 33)|
|Alva Beach||29.6||−1.6||32.7||20th||24.4||−0.2||22.0||28th||1073.0||279.7||very high||384%|
|Ayr DPI Research Stn||30.1||−1.4||33.2||21st||23.6||+0.9||20.9||28th||880.0||246.1||highest||358%|
|Bowen Airport||29.8||−1.5||32.8||21st||23.9||0.0||21.6||18th||668.0||228.3||very high||293%|
|Collinsville Post Office||30.7||−2.1||34.4||20th||22.6||+0.7||19.0||28th||355.6||164.3||high||216%|
|Hamilton Island Airport||28.5||31.7||19th||24.4||22.6||3rd||762.4|
|Samuel Hill Aero||29.8||34.2||15th||22.8||18.8||16th||409.4|
|St Lawrence Post Office||30.8||−0.7||34.2||21st||23.2||+0.7||20.9||16th||306.6||197.2||high||155%|
|Yeppoon The Esplanade||29.2||−0.2||32.2||15th||23.8||0.0||20.3||16th||278.0||140.0||high||199%|
|West Central Coast (district 34)|
|Charters Towers Airport||30.6||−2.3||35.0||19th||22.2||−0.3||19.2||28th||429.0||149.3||very high||287%|
|Moranbah Water Treatment Plant||30.9||−2.4||35.5||20th||21.7||−0.1||18.7||15th||251.5||98.6||high||255%|
|Central Highlands (district 35)|
|Brigalow Research Stn||32.4||−0.1||37.7||9th||20.9||+0.3||17.8||27th||176.7||102.8||high||172%|
|Clermont Sirius St||32.4||−0.6||35.5||20th||21.1||0.0||14.0||15th||136.9||114.9||average||119%|
|Springsure Dame St||31.7||−0.8||35.0||6th||20.6||+0.1||15.1||15th||81.0||108.2||average||75%|
|Tambo Post Office||34.8||+1.0||38.5||20th||19.4||−0.6||12.1||24th||37.4||75.8||average||49%|
|Taroom Post Office||32.7||−0.1||38.4||9th||20.2||−0.2||17.7||16th||98.0||87.2||average||112%|
|Central Lowlands (district 36)|
|Barcaldine Post Office||33.7||−0.9||37.9||5th||21.9||−0.8||15.4||14th||130.1||77.5||high||168%|
|Isisford Post Office||34.8||−1.1||39.1||6th||21.5||−0.9||14.3||14th||149.7||73.4||high||204%|
|Upper Western (district 37)|
|Camooweal Township||33.0||−3.3||37.1||28th||21.9||−1.8||16.2||15th||269.8||92.4||very high||292%|
|The Monument Airport||33.4||37.9||22nd||21.0||13.7||14th||0.6|
|Winton Post Office||33.6||−2.6||37.6||21st||22.0||−1.0||17.9||15th||147.8||86.7||high||170%|
|Lower Western (district 38)|
|Bedourie Police Station||35.5||−2.9||39.9||28th||24.4||−0.1||17.1||12th||0.3||35.3||low||1%|
|Windorah Post Office||37.5||+0.9||41.6||6th||23.8||+0.3||14.8||13th||7.6||49.0||low||16%|
|Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)|
|Baralaba Post Office||32.9||−0.5||36.3||9th||21.6||+0.5||18.8||27th||226.6||113.6||high||199%|
|Gayndah Post Office||35.1||20th||20.9||+1.0||17.5||8th||89.6||106.1||average||84%|
|Sandy Cape Lighthouse||29.5||+0.3||32.5||21st||23.0||+0.6||19.7||13th||209.8||168.7||high||124%|
|Moreton South Coast (district 40)|
|Beaudesert Drumley Street||30.4||36.3||9th||18.7||13.3||28th||57.2|
|Beerburrum Forest Station||29.8||35.1||9th||20.2||17.4||28th||259.6||195.2||high||133%|
|Cape Moreton Lighthouse||28.0||+1.3||29.9||20th||22.9||+0.9||20.6||11th||37.4||157.7||very low||24%|
|Double Island Point Lighthouse||28.9||+1.3||33.1||9th||22.9||+0.4||19.7||11th||122.2||166.3||average||73%|
|Gold Coast Seaway||29.8||+1.4||34.1||9th||21.7||0.0||18.9||28th||167.4||169.1||average||99%|
|Hervey Bay Airport||29.8||32.0||20th||22.5||19.4||28th||149.2|
|Logan City Water Treatment||29.4||+0.1||36.9||9th||21.3||+1.1||17.0||28th||211.1||142.1||average||149%|
|Maleny Tamarind St||26.5||33.6||9th||18.8||15.8||28th||232.8||312.3||average||75%|
|Nambour DPI - Hillside||29.4||35.8||9th||20.9||17.6||28th||189.8|
|Tewantin RSL Park||28.4||0.0||33.0||9th||22.4||+0.5||19.7||28th||145.8||216.3||average||67%|
|University of Queensland Gatton||30.8||+0.1||38.7||9th||18.9||−0.1||14.6||8th||85.0||100.6||average||84%|
|East Darling Downs (district 41)|
|Goondiwindi Airport||32.5||0.0||41.0||9th||19.7||0.0||16.5||12th||28.2||79.8||very low||35%|
|Stanthorpe Leslie Parade||27.0||+0.6||35.6||9th||15.8||+0.2||11.2||28th||81.5||86.2||average||95%|
|Texas Post Office||33.4||+0.8||40.5||9th||18.9||+0.7||13.5||28th||82.0||77.1||average||106%|
|West Darling Downs (district 42)|
|Miles Constance Street||32.7||0.0||39.8||9th||19.9||−0.1||17.0||16th||63.2||83.7||average||76%|
|Maranoa (district 43)|
|Injune Post Office||32.9||+0.7||38.2||9th||18.6||−0.5||12.9||12th||73.4||86.7||average||85%|
|Mitchell Post Office||34.5||+1.7||40.1||9th||19.7||+0.1||12.2||12th||47.5||70.6||average||67%|
|St George Airport||34.1||+0.3||41.2||9th||20.8||−0.3||11.9||12th||37.6||50.6||average||74%|
|Warrego (district 44)|
|Bollon Mary St||34.6||+0.3||41.0||9th||21.5||+0.6||13.0||12th||16.3||52.9||average||31%|
|Cunnamulla Post Office||36.1||+1.3||42.0||9th||22.2||+0.5||15.5||13th||20.6||50.6||average||41%|
|Far Southwest (district 45)|
|Ballera Gas Field||38.4||45.2||5th||24.9||17.2||12th||1.0|
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Sunday 1 March 2009. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from all
available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they
cannot then be calculated reliably. * In this case, normals from a
nearby suitable site may be included to calculate statistics (these are
marked with an *).
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.