1 February 2010 - Monthly Climate Summary for Queensland - Product code IDCKGC24R0

Queensland in January 2010

Wet in the north and west, dry and hot in the southeast.

  • Heavy rain and flooding across western areas early in January.
  • Tropical Cyclones Neville and Olga brought flooding rain to north Queensland.
  • Rather hot and dry across the southeast.
  • Record low Queensland January minimum temperature on the 19th. 
Heavy rainfall developed over western areas, primarily due to Ex Tropical Cyclone Lawrence, and exacerbated flooding through many interior river catchments that began late in December.

Tropical Cyclone Neville was the first for the season in Queensland and a one day wonder during the 21st. Tropical Cyclone Olga formed a few days later and threatened the north over a longer period. Both cyclones formed in the Coral Sea with Ex Tropical Cyclone Olga crossing the coast south of Cairns early on the 25th and then tracking west to the Gulf Country. It reformed briefly in a cyclone in the southern Gulf waters during the 29th and moved to the southeast Gulf. Both these systems enhanced the seasonal monsoonal activity bring flooding rains to the north. Tropical Cyclone Olga weakened to a tropical rain depression after crossing the coast near Karumba and continued across the interior to be near Longreach at the end of the month and brought exceptionally heavy rainfall to it's vicinity and also along the monsoon trough on the east coast as it shifted south. The heavy rainfall coincided with king tides along the east coast and led to some coastal inundation.

January daytime temperatures were tempered under the cloudy rainy skies through western and northern Queensland but the southeast was comparatively hotter and drier than usual. Parts of the southeast and southern received totals amongst the driest 10% on record and a few locations recorded their highest mean January maximum temperatures.

An abnormal cold outbreak spread across southern Queensland between the 18th and 21st when a new record low Queensland January minimum temperature of 5.4 C was registered at Applethorpe on the 19th.  

Extensive rain through western Queensland

Surface and upper trough systems, primarily due to Ex Tropical Cyclone Lawrence in Western Australia, combined with ingestion of tropical moisture to develop widespread rain through though the northwest, western and Central Lowlands. Flooding that began in late December over many of the river catchments continued through January due to the heavy falls early in January.

Tropical Cyclones Neville & Olga

Tropical Cyclone Neville developed on the monsoon trough well off the coast northeast of Cooktown early on the 21st but weakened into a tropical low later the same day. Although short lived it brought increased rainfall to the northeast tropical coast.

Tropical Cyclone Olga formed over the Coral Sea near Willis Island to the east of Cairns early on the 23rd and tracked west and deepened to category 2 late that evening.  During the 24th it continued  tracking toward the coast before becoming almost stationary. It weakened below cyclone strength and recurved briefly before making a coastal crossing between Cairns and Innisfail early on the 25th. The combined effects of Tropical Cyclone Olga, Ex Tropical Cyclone Neville, the monsoon and a convergent southeast trade flow to the south brought heavy rainfall and flooding to much of the northeast tropical coast. Ex Tropical Cyclone Olga continued west overland passing by Georgetown before skirting the southern coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria beginning a big wet for the Gulf Country. Olga reformed briefly in a cyclone in the southern Gulf waters during the 29th and moved to the southeast Gulf accompanied by heavy rainfall and damaging winds. Both these systems enhanced the seasonal monsoonal activity bring flooding rains to the north. Tropical Cyclone Olga weakened to a tropical rain depression after crossing the coast near Karumba and continued across the interior to be near Longreach at the end of January. Exceptionally heavy rainfall was recorded in the vicinity of the low and also near the monsoon trough as it shifted south along the east coast  to lie to the south of Mackay at the end of the month. The heavy rainfall focused near the monsoon trough along the east coast also coincided with the king tides at this time of year to cause sea water coastal inundation at some locations, including near Townsville and Mackay.

Cold Outbreak

A high in the Great Australian Bight and a deep low southeast of the continent drove snow onto the Southern Australian Alps mid month and this cold dry airmass subsequently arrived in Queensland, spreading near record January minimum temperatures across western and southern areas from the 18th to 21st. Old records fell at Taroom, Stanthorpe, Surat, Injune Applethorpe and Monto. Applethorpe was the coldest with  a chilly 5.4 C on the morning of the 19th followed by 6.3 C the following morning. Both Applethorpe and Stanthorpe with 7.0 C on the 19th beat the official Queensland record low for January of 7.2 C at Stanthorpe in 1970 and 1965.

Synoptic Summary

At the beginning of January a weakening high pressure system east of New Zealand extended a ridge across the southern Coral Sea and directed moist east to northeast winds across the state. A surface trough of low pressure was moving into southwest Queensland and assisted by an upper trough generated moderate to heavy rainfall over areas of western and northwestern Queensland. Flooding affected inland waterways following rain that developed late in December and warnings were issued for the Paroo River, Macintyre and Dumaresq Rivers, and Landsborough, Thomson, Alice and Barcoo Rivers. The monsoon trough along the Northern Territory Top End coast, extended through northern Torres Strait towards Papua New Guinea with rain areas in the far north. Heavy rainfall also fell along the northeast tropical coast with enhanced shower and storm activity before easing as the atmosphere became more stable. Further south, showers were embedded in the onshore flow with light rain over the southeast inland. 

A new high in the Great Australian Bight pushed a vigorous southerly change up the New South Wales coast that reached southeast Queensland on the morning of the 3rd. An upper trough accompanied the surface trough and assisted the development of showers and thunderstorms through the southeast. The high pushed the inland trough to the west as the change moved northward and then weakened in the Capricorn region. Fresh to strong southeast winds developed and spread north as coastal ridging from the new high pushed through the trough and a low developed in the Soloman Island waters and then moved west toward the north coast. The monsoon trough lay through the Torres Strait with several transient lows passing east to west and continued to trigger further showers and storms over the Peninsula and about the Gulf area. For many days from the 3rd the upper outflow from a monsoon depression in the Northern Territory and Western Australia streamed extensive high cloud into Queensland and showers continued over the west of the state due in part to convergence into the low. Many moderate to heavy daily falls were recorded across most of the state during the first week of January with the highest weekly totals being in the west and north. Flooding continued in western catchments.

Upper instability and surface convergence led to pulse of rain and storm activity affecting southeast and central districts during the 7th and 8th. As the upper trough advanced into the tropics upper ridging brought a stabilising influence to areas further south.

On the 10th the monsoon trough extended across far northern Cape York Peninsula and across the northern Coral Sea with rain areas, showers and thunderstorms over much of the northern tropics. A weakening high near New Zealand extended a ridge along the southern and central coasts of Queensland and directed mostly moderate to strong southeast winds and a few showers onto the remaining east coast. It was fine elsewhere. Winds shifted northeast across much of the interior of the state. The recent widespread rainfall necessitated flood warnings for the Landsborough, Thomson, Barcoo and CooperCreek, Bulloo, Paroo, Flinders, Georgina and Diamantina Rivers.

A trough of low pressure moved into the Channel Country from the southwest bringing a dusty southerly wind change to the area on the 13th and a few days later showers and thunderstorms with some moderate falls developed east of the inland trough in a band from the Gulf Country into the central and southern interior.

Rain, showers and storms with some moderate to heavy falls continued along the north tropical coast and over the Peninsula area driven by the monsoon trough and the southeast trades. On the 16th the monsoon trough extended from a low off northwest Western Australia to a low over the northern Gulf of Carpentaria and to a low in the Coral Sea, generating heavy rain areas over far northern parts of Queensland. Stream showers continued along the remaining east coast and showers and storms continued about the Gulf coast.

A monsoon low was located on the monsoon trough over Cape York Peninsula on the 18th and moved to the east to be northeast of Cooktown on the 19th and the rain continued. The inland surface trough extended from the Gulf Country to the south-east corner of the state on the 18th and was moving slowly eastwards. A few showers and storms occurred east of the trough and dry southerly winds circulated across the state west of the trough. The  trough extended from the Gulf Country to the central interior by the 20th and the dry clear airmass circulating across most of western and southern Queensland led to cool overnight temperatures with several centres registering record January minimum temperatures. Applethorpe was the coldest with  a chilly 5.4 C. A high in the Great Australian Bight and a deep low southeast of the continent drove snow onto the Southern Alps prior to the cold dry airmass arriving in southern Queensland. In contrast, Cooktown in the far north reported a record low maximum temperature of 23 degrees for January under the  rainy sky with other towns setting records the next day.

Tropical Cyclone Neville developed on the monsoon trough off the northeast tropical coast early on the 21st but weakened into a tropical low later the same morning. The monsoon trough extend from northwest Western Australia, across the far southern Gulf of Carpentaria over Cape York Peninsula and to Tropical Cyclone Olga over the northwest Coral Sea early on the 23rd with heavy rain areas about the northeast tropics in the monsoonal flow and rain areas and isolated thunderstorms elsewhere about the tropics. On the 22nd flood warnings were current for the inland catchments of the Thomson, Barcoo Rivers and Coopers Creek, the Georgina River and Eyre Creek and the Diamantina River and also initiated for the coastal rivers Cooktown to Cairns and extended south to Cardwell on the 23rd and extended further south to Mackay on the 24th due the increased threat from the active monsoon systems.

Whilst the north was preoccupied with cyclonic conditions, areas to the south endured hot and humid days but the weather was fine, apart from some showers about the central coast. A surface trough lay over southwestern parts of Queensland but conditions were too dry to generate showers. Tropical Cyclone Olga reached category 2 as it approached the coast but weakened to a low at the time it crossed the coast south of Cairns early on the 25th. Ex Tropical Cyclone Olga and Ex Tropical Cyclone Neville off the Herbert and Burdekin coast produced heavy rain areas over the northeastern and central tropics.

Ex Tropical Cyclone Olga continued west to skirt the southern Gulf of Carpentaria coast on the 26th and then crossed into the Gulf waters early on the 28th where it redeveloped into a tropical cyclone again as it recurved to track east across the southern Gulf waters and bring damaging winds, heavy rain, significant stream rises and flooding of low-lying areas in the Gulf Country. Tropical Cyclone Olga weakened to a tropical rain depression after crossing the coast near Karumba and continued across the interior to be near Longreach at the end of January. Exceptionally heavy rainfall was recorded in the vicinity of the low and also near the monsoon trough as it shifted south along the east coast  to lie to the south of Mackay at the end of the month. The heavy rainfall focused near the monsoon trough along the east coast also coincided with the king tides at this time of year to cause sea water coastal inundation at some locations, including near Townsville and Mackay.

Rainfall

January rainfall was above to well above average over parts of Cape York, most of the northeast tropical coast and across a broad area of western Queensland and extending east into the Central Lowlands to parts of the central coast. Below average rainfall was recorded along the coast south from Marlborough, extending inland to the eastern edge of the Central Highlands and in the south, and west through the Darling Downs and Maranoa. A portion of the southern Moreton, and large parts of the western Darling Downs and Maranoa recorded decile 1 rainfall, this being the lowest 10% on record and some of this area has a serious rainfall deficiency for the November to January period. Rainfall was also less than areas to the north in the far southwest border parts due to them being to the west of the inland trough for much of the month, the trough and the moist airmass to it's east often being a trigger for storm activity. 

A surface trough of low pressure in the west of the state, upper trough activity, primarily due to Tropical Cyclone Lawrence in Western Australia, and the monsoon in the north led to a deeply unstable airmass that produced widespread rainfall across a large part of the state early in the month and flooding continued in inland waterways following rain that developed late in December.  Colodon and Glenwood in the western part of the Port Curtis district recorded their highest January daily rain totals with 124.4mm and 120.2mm respectively to 9am on the 4th, both of these sites having 51 years of rainfall record. The rainfall observer at Colodan said that this was his highest daily total for any month since 1956. Other notable rainfall rates were 79mm in 1 hour during the 3rd at the Hume Lane Alert* on the Sunshine Coast. Roxborough Dowms TM* in the Upper Western district received 91mm in 2 hours on the 5th and Mt Isa received 44mm in 30 minutes during the 8th. 

The rainfall contracted to the far north during the 10th with the tip of Cape York Peninsular recording heavy falls for the 14th. The highest daily fall across the state and a new record for the station was 338.6 mm at Lockhart River Airport on the 11th when a low pressure system was embedded in the monsoon trough lying across the northern Peninsula. Over the next week showers and storms redeveloped to the east of the inland trough until a dry southerly change spread through southern districts.  The monsoon persisted in the north with the tropical east coast rainfall being enhanced at times by surges in the southeast trade flow.

Later in January the brief development of  Tropical Cyclone Neville and the more significant Tropical Cyclone Olga dominated the control of the atmosphere in the tropics focusing heavy rain and flooding along the northeast tropical coast. Ex Tropical Cyclone Olga tracked over land to recross the coast into the southern Gulf of Carpentaria in the last week bringing heavy rainfall to the Gulf Country. The cyclonic activity and monsoonal stream brought high rainfall to the east coast and was especially heavy between Cape Melville and Townsville and  near Mackay with most recording over 200mm in the week ending the 28th. After reforming into a cyclone Olga tracked east across the southern Gulf of Carpentaria and then weakened into a tropical rain depression as it shifted southeast through the interior. The monsoon trough shifted south along the east coast with the passage of Ex Tropical Cyclone Olga focussing very heavy falls near it's vicinity.  A few new daily rainfall records were created.

Indicative of the high rainfall in the far north, record high January monthly rainfall of 930.4mm was recorded at Lockhart River with a record length of 54 years. 338.6mm of this fell in one day to 9am on the 11th. Coconut Island with 501.6mm and Horn Island with 701.6mm also recorded new high Jauary totals but have a shorter record of 14 years.

The wettest overall was 1469 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station, followed by 978.4 mm at Innisfail, followed by 972.0 mm at Mt Sophia, followed by 947.0 mm at Nerada Alert.

The driest overall were parts skirting the far southwest corner where amounts less 5 mm were recorded.

Some sites had their highest total January rainfall on record. Some sites had their highest total January rainfall for at least 20 years. Some sites had their lowest total January rainfall on record. Some sites had their lowest total January rainfall for at least 20 years.

The wettest single day 338.6 mm at Lockhart River Airport on the 11th, followed by 337.0 mm at Mount Charlton on the 31st, followed by 321.0 mm at Cardwell Marine Pde on the 1st.

Some sites had their highest January daily rainfall on record. See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

* Hume Lane Alert and Roxborough Dowms TM are part of the flood warning network of unmanned automatic gauges and such telemetry data is not validated.

Temperature

Maximum temperature

Mean maximum temperatures graded from the high thirties across the southwest of the state to the mid thirties through the mid west  and southern Gulf Country. Most eastern districts exceeded 30 C but parts of the northeast tropical coast, the Atherton Tablelands, a small part of the central coast and pockets of the southeast and Darling Downs were a little cooler. 

Mean maximum temperature anomalies were highest near Longreach and Isisford and over 3 C milder than usual January conditions and also the lowest for 34 and 23 years respectively. To a lesser degree all of western, central interior and northern areas extending south through the Warrego and parts of western Maranoa were also cooler than average due to the many cloud and rain generating systems during the month. The monsoon was quite active across the north and also spawned the development of tropical cyclones Neville and Olga, whilst major rainfall was recorded over western areas.  Mean maximum anomalies were higher than average in the southeast, by more than 2 C near the southeast border ranges, and fringing the southwest border.

Extensive cloud streamed the upper outflow from a monsoon depression in the Northern Territory and Western Australia across a large part of Queensland for many days from the 3rd tempering day time temperatures in the west. Daily maxima were especially below average in a band under this cloud between the 5th and 8th, at times by more than 10 C.

Hot conditions were experienced in central eastern and southeastern districts between the 17th and 21st and generally through southern districts from the 22nd. These areas were relatively cloud free in comparison to the northern tropics where the monsoonal flow generated extensive cloud. Birdsville recorded the highest daily temperatures, reaching  45 C on the 23rd and 45.4 C the next day. 

Late in the month cloudy skies and rain over large parts of the state kept daytime temperatures well below average and several inland locations recorded their lowest January daily maximum temperature.

Record high mean daily maximum temperatures were recorded at Cape Moreton, Coolangatta and Seventeen Seventy under unusually clear dry January skies.

The hottest day was 45.4 C at Birdsville Airport on the 24th, followed by 45.0 C at Birdsville Airport on the 23rd, followed by 44.8 C at Birdsville Airport on the 25th.

The warmest days on average were 39.6 C at Birdsville Airport, followed by 38.4 C at Ballera Gas Field, followed by 38.2 C at Bedourie Police Station.

The coolest days on average were 27.6 C at Woolshed, followed by 27.8 C at Maleny Tamarind St, followed by 28.4 C at Middle Percy Island.

The coldest day was 21.5 C at Applethorpe on the 4th, followed by 21.6 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 4th, followed by 21.9 C at Mitchell Post Office on the 31st.

Some sites had their highest January temperature on record. Some sites had their coldest January day (lowest maximum temperature) on record. Some sites had their highest January mean daily maximum temperature on record. Some sites had their lowest January mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years. See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.

Minimum temperature

Mean minimum temperatures graded from the mid to high twenties across the Peninsula, around the Gulf Country and along the central and northeast coastal fringe to less than 20 C on the Darling Downs. 

Cool mean minimum anomalies were recorded in a broad swath extending from the west through the central interior. The remaining areas were a little warmer than average, moreso in the southwest corner.  

A high in the Great Australian Bight and a deep low southeast of the continent drove snow onto the Southern Australian Alps mid month and this cold dry airmass subsequently arrived in Queensland, spreading near record January minimum temperatures across western and southern areas from the 18th to 21st. Old records fell at Taroom, Stanthorpe, Surat, Injune Applethorpe and Monto. Applethorpe was the coldest with  a chilly 5.4 C on the morning of the 19th followed by 6.3 C the following morning. Both Applethorpe and 7.0 C at Stanthorpe on the 19th, beat the official Queensland record low for January of 7.2 C at Stanthorpe in 1970 and 1965.

The coldest night was 5.4 C at Applethorpe on the 19th, followed by 6.3 C at Applethorpe on the 20th, followed by 7.0 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 19th.

The coolest nights on average were 14.7 C at Applethorpe, followed by 15.6 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by 16.8 C at Warwick.

The warmest nights on average were 26.1 C at Sweers Island, followed by 25.8 C at Birdsville Airport, followed by 25.8 C at Mornington Island, followed by 25.7 C at Green Island, followed by 25.7 C at Willis Island.

The warmest night was 31.8 C at Birdsville Airport on the 26th, followed by 31.1 C at Ballera Gas Field on the 26th, followed by 29.3 C at Sweers Island on the 22nd.

Some sites had their lowest January temperature on record. Some sites had their highest January mean daily minimum temperature on record. Some sites had their highest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years. See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Wind

The strongest wind gust was 122 km/h at Willis Island on the 23rd, followed by 120 km/h at Sweers Island on the 29th coinciding with the passage of Tropical Cyclone Olga, followed by 109 km/h at University of Queensland Gatton on the 29th.

Further information

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Enquiries

Extremes in January 2010
Hottest day 45.4 C at Birdsville Airport on the 24th
45.0 C at Birdsville Airport on the 23rd
44.8 C at Birdsville Airport on the 25th
Warmest days on average 39.6 C at Birdsville Airport
38.4 C at Ballera Gas Field
38.2 C at Bedourie Police Station
Coolest days on average 27.6 C at Woolshed
27.8 C at Maleny Tamarind St
28.4 C at Middle Percy Island
Coldest day 21.5 C at Applethorpe on the 4th
21.6 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 4th
21.9 C at Mitchell Post Office on the 31st
Coldest night 5.4 C at Applethorpe on the 19th
6.3 C at Applethorpe on the 20th
7.0 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 19th
Coolest nights on average 14.7 C at Applethorpe
15.6 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
16.8 C at Warwick
Warmest nights on average 26.1 C at Sweers Island
25.8 C at Birdsville Airport
25.8 C at Mornington Island
25.7 C at Green Island
25.7 C at Willis Island
Warmest night 31.8 C at Birdsville Airport on the 26th
31.1 C at Ballera Gas Field on the 26th
29.3 C at Sweers Island on the 22nd
Wettest overall1469 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station
1016 mm at Bellenden Ker Bottom Station
978.4 mm at Innisfail
972.0 mm at Mt Sophia
Driest overallParts skirting the far southwest corner where amounts less 5 mm were recorded
Wettest day 338.6 mm at Lockhart River Airport on the 11th
337.0 mm at Mount Charlton on the 31st
321.0 mm at Cardwell Marine Pde on the 1st
Highest wind gust 122 km/h at Willis Island on the 23rd
120 km/h at Sweers Island on the 29th
109 km/h at University of Queensland Gatton on the 29th

Record highest January daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in January 2010 (mm)
Previous highest
for January
Years of
record
Holmleigh 111.8 on the 31st 100.3 on the 5th in 1972 88
Lockhart River Airport 338.6 on the 11th 181.4 on the 2nd in 2005 54
Colodan 124.4 on the 4th 121.9 on the 3rd in 1962 51
Glenwood 102.2 on the 4th 94.6 on the 23rd in 2009 51
Jochmus 123.0 on the 31st 122.4 on the 28th in 1984 42



Record highest total January rainfall
Total rainfall
for January 2010 (mm)
Previous highest
for January
Years of
record
Average for
January
Lockhart River Airport 930.4 783.9 in 1965 54 401.3

Highest total January rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for January 2010 (mm)
Most recent higher
for January
Years since
higher
Average for
January
Barcaldine Post Office 268.9 481.2 in 1974 36 86.1
Longreach Aero 241.0 420.4 in 1974 36 80.6
Muttaburra 302.6 591.1 in 1974 36 89.5
Mahrigong 294.6 373.0 in 1976 34 89.0
Glenwood 155.6 164.2 in 1989 21 89.2



Lowest total January rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for January 2010 (mm)
Most recent lower
for January
Years since
lower
Average for
January
Pinnacle 96.0 62.8 in 1990 20 277.0



Record highest January temperature
Highest temperature
in January 2010 (C)
Previous highest
for January
Years of
record
Average for
January
Coolangatta 35.9 on the 18th 34.9 on the 29th in 2004 23 28.1



Record lowest January daily maximum temperature
Lowest daily maximum
temperature
in January 2010 (C)
Previous lowest
for January
Years of
record
Average for
January
Springsure Comet St 22.1 on the 31st 22.2 on the 19th in 1967 45 34.0
Longreach Aero 22.4 on the 31st 22.7 on the 8th in 1996 43 37.0
Mitchell Post Office 21.9 on the 31st 22.3 on the 4th in 1991 41 34.0
Rolleston 22.9 on the 31st 23.9 on the 8th in 1996 21 34.9



Record highest January mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for January 2010 (C)
Previous highest
for January
Years of
record
Average for
January
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 29.1 28.7 in 2006 97 26.8
Coolangatta 30.1 29.5 in 2004 22 28.1
Seventeen Seventy 30.5 30.3 in 2006 22 29.2



Lowest January mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for January 2010 (C)
Most recent lower
for January
Years since
lower
Average for
January
Longreach Aero 33.1 33.0 in 1976 34 37.0
Isisford Post Office 33.3 33.0 in 1984 23 36.9



Record lowest January temperature
Lowest temperature
in January 2010 (C)
Previous lowest
for January
Years of
record
Average for
January
Taroom Post Office 12.6 on the 20th 13.3 on the 19th in 1984 54 20.6
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 7.0 on the 19th 7.2 on the 3rd in 1970 49 15.6
Surat 11.2 on the 20th 11.5 on the 9th in 1997 46 20.6
Injune Post Office 10.6 on the 20th = 10.6 on the 17th in 1983 43 19.6
Applethorpe 5.4 on the 19th 5.5 on the 1st in 1994 41 15.2
Monto Township 12.7 on the 20th 12.9 on the 5th in 2007 37 19.3



Record highest January mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for January 2010 (C)
Previous highest
for January
Years of
record
Average for
January
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 23.4 = 23.4 in 2003 97 21.9
Lockhart River Airport 24.6 24.5 in 2007 44 23.7

Highest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for January 2010 (C)
Most recent higher
for January
Years since
higher
Average for
January
Musgrave 24.2 25.1 in 1910 34 23.1



Summary statistics for January 2010
Maximum temperatures
for January
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for January
(C)
Rainfall
for January
(millimetres)
Mean for
January
2010
Diff
from
average
Highest for
January
2010
Mean for
January
2010
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
January
2010
Total for
January
2010
Average
for
January
Rank of
January
2010
Fraction of
January
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 30.7 -1.2 34.4 2nd 25.6 -0.2 23.4 24th 501.6 274.3 v high 183%
Coen Airport 31.7   35.9 8th 24.0   21.1 25th 320.2
Horn Island 30.3 -0.5 32.5 5th 24.9 -0.3 23.5 22nd 701.6 379.9 v high 185%
Scherger RAAF 31.3   34.9 6th 24.5   23.2 22nd 570.8
Weipa Aero 31.2 -0.7 34.7 6th 24.6 +0.4 23.1 17th 650.2 452.1 high 144%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 31.2 -0.4 33.6 8th 24.6 +0.9 23.2 22nd 930.4 401.3 highest 232%
Musgrave 33.2 0.0 37.8 14th 24.2 +1.1 20.9 22nd 227.3 270.1 average 84%
Palmerville 31.9 -1.5 35.9 14th 23.5 +0.6 20.9 21st 535.0 266.4 v high 201%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 34.2   41.7 24th 25.3   21.9 20th 526.2
Century Mine 35.5   40.9 17th 24.8   21.6 21st 219.2
Cloncurry Airport 35.0 -1.1 40.0 23rd 24.3 -0.2 19.1 20th 272.6 198.3 high 137%
Croydon Township 33.3 -2.2 37.5 19th 24.9 +0.7 22.4 29th 458.2 221.9 v high 206%
Julia Creek Airport 35.5   40.4 17th 23.0   14.8 20th 299.6
Kowanyama Airport 32.3 -0.7 34.5 15th 24.6 +0.3 23.3 18th 422.2 340.1 high 124%
Mornington Island 32.2 +0.1 36.5 20th 25.8 +0.4 23.9 2nd 518.4 326.9 high 159%
Mount Isa Aero 35.1 -1.2 39.4 17th 22.8 -1.0 16.9 21st 131.8 119.1 average 111%
Normanton Airport 34.1   38.9 20th 25.6   22.0 18th 223.6
Sweers Island 32.3   36.0 24th 26.1   22.6 14th 686.5 362.3 high 189%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 32.9   37.0 19th 23.5   20.9 31st 232.2
Hughenden Airport 33.4   37.3 17th 22.8   18.2 19th 235.0
Richmond Airport 34.8 -1.4 39.6 17th 22.5 -0.7 15.8 20th 243.4 146.8 high 166%
Richmond Post Office 34.6 -2.3 39.6 17th 22.8 -0.2 17.0 20th 261.0 123.7 v high 211%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 31.1 -0.3 34.4 31st 24.2 +0.5 22.4 20th 705.4 396.8 v high 178%
Cape Flattery 31.3   33.8 16th 24.8   20.9 20th 611.0
Cooktown Airport 30.8   33.8 31st 24.5   20.9 21st 497.0
Green Island 29.9 -1.3 32.3 5th 25.7 +0.5 23.8 10th
Kairi Research Station 28.6 +0.4 31.9 7th 19.7 +0.5 17.4 14th 399.8 250.8 high 159%
Low Isles Lighthouse     34.2 18th 25.5 -0.1 23.7 1st 729.8 399.8 v high 183%
Mareeba Airport 30.0   33.7 7th 21.7   19.5 14th 335.0 206.2 high 162%
Walkamin Research Station 29.0 -0.9 32.9 7th 20.9 +0.6 18.3 14th 355.0 214.7 high 165%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 31.5 0.0 34.4 31st 24.2 +1.3 21.5 14th 696.3 442.0 high 158%
Ingham Composite 31.5 -0.8 35.1 19th 23.8 +0.9 21.5 12th 516.3 391.6 high 132%
Innisfail 31.3 +0.5 33.7 31st 24.1 +1.3 22.3 14th 978.4 513.2 high 191%
Lucinda Point 30.0 -0.1 32.7 31st 25.4 +0.1 23.9 28th 250.8 186.1 high 135%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 30.7 -0.5 33.0 18th 23.7 +1.2 21.0 14th 685.4 523.2 high 131%
Townsville Aero 30.9 -0.4 34.0 21st 24.7 +0.5 22.2 11th 544.6 278.0 high 196%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 31.1 -0.1 32.8 23rd 24.9 +0.3 21.4 11th 362.4 262.5 average 138%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 31.8 0.0 36.1 18th 23.7 +1.0 20.5 11th 488.6 221.1 high 221%
Bowen Airport     34.0 21st 24.3 +0.5 22.0 11th 258.6 176.7 average 146%
Collinsville Post Office 33.8 +0.4 40.8 18th 22.6 +0.7 18.1 11th 89.6 134.0 average 67%
Hamilton Island Airport 29.2   31.8 19th 25.0   22.9 10th 229.8
Mackay Aero 30.4 +0.3 32.9 18th 23.9 +1.0 21.2 14th 330.2 322.4 average 102%
Mackay M.O 30.0 -0.1 32.5 18th 24.5 +1.0 21.6 14th 324.8 279.0 average 116%
Proserpine Airport 30.7 -0.8 35.3 18th 23.3 +0.7 20.9 14th 299.0 297.4 average 101%
Samuel Hill Aero 30.1   33.1 18th 22.1   19.1 20th 53.0 164.6 low 32%
St Lawrence 31.4   35.9 19th 23.3   20.8 10th 219.6
St Lawrence Post Office 31.7 0.0 36.7 19th 23.3 +0.8 20.3 10th 221.7 206.5 average 107%
Williamson 30.8   34.4 19th 23.2   21.1 31st 129.4
Woolshed 27.6 -0.7 31.6 18th 21.0 +0.3 18.9 11th 774.2 253.9 v high 305%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 28.9 -0.5 30.8 19th 23.8 +0.1 21.0 18th 94.2 122.4 average 77%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 32.7 -0.9 39.6 19th 22.7 +0.3 18.1 11th 151.1 164.7 average 92%
Central Highlands (district 35)
Clermont Sirius St 32.3 -2.0 37.9 18th 21.4 -0.2 19.2 10th 148.3 117.6 average 126%
Emerald Airport 32.7 -1.8 39.4 18th 21.4 -0.9 17.3 20th 117.4 90.0 high 130%
Rolleston 33.3 -1.6 38.2 18th 20.4 -0.7 15.2 20th 70.7 93.2 average 76%
Tambo Post Office 32.8 -2.1 37.2 24th 20.7 +0.3 11.5 19th 57.5 81.2 average 71%
Taroom Post Office 33.7 0.0 37.9 17th 20.7 +0.1 12.6 20th 101.2 97.9 average 103%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 32.8 -2.8 36.8 21st 22.9 -0.2 18.2 31st 268.9 86.1 v high 312%
Blackall Airport 32.8   37.6 24th 21.6   15.9 20th 144.2
Isisford Post Office 33.3 -3.6 38.1 17th 22.4 -0.6 16.3 20th 186.9 70.6 v high 265%
Longreach Aero 33.1 -3.9 37.2 21st 21.9 -1.2 17.9 19th 241.0 80.6 v high 299%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 35.5 -1.8 39.6 24th 24.1 -0.2 17.2 20th 151.6 99.4 high 153%
The Monument Airport 35.8   40.6 23rd 23.4   16.8 20th 108.0 78.0 high 138%
Trepell Airport 34.8   40.1 23rd 23.2   17.5 20th 101.6
Urandangi 36.8 -1.7 41.3 26th 22.8 -1.2 15.0 20th 163.4 63.1 v high 259%
Winton Airport 34.5   39.2 17th 22.9   17.2 20th 179.8
Winton Post Office 34.9 -2.6 40.0 17th 23.5 0.0 19.5 31st 174.4 83.6 high 209%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie Police Station 38.2 -0.6 44.2 25th 22.9 -2.2 16.8 19th 87.6 33.7 v high 260%
Birdsville Airport 39.6   45.4 24th 25.8   18.4 20th 19.2 18.7 high 103%
Boulia Airport 36.7 -1.8 41.6 24th 23.7 -0.8 19.5 19th 64.6 48.8 high 132%
Windorah Post Office 36.1 -2.0 41.7 24th 24.2 +0.1 18.7 20th 30.9 42.7 average 72%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Baralaba Post Office 34.2 -0.2 37.8 18th 21.4 0.0 17.0 20th 59.0 93.0 average 63%
Bundaberg Aero 30.8 +0.7 35.8 19th 22.1 +0.7 20.4 11th 77.8 166.4 low 47%
Gayndah Airport 33.3   38.3 18th 20.3   15.4 20th 41.8
Gladstone Airport 30.8 +0.1 34.3 18th 23.3 +0.3 21.0 20th 80.0 111.9 average 71%
Gladstone Radar 32.1 +0.9 35.4 19th 23.3 +0.8 21.4 8th 71.6 142.0 average 50%
Lady Elliot Island 29.9 +0.7 31.6 27th 24.7 +0.8 22.8 8th 40.8 121.1 low 34%
Monto Township 31.5 -0.5 36.6 18th 19.2 -0.1 12.7 20th 93.6 108.4 average 86%
Rockhampton Aero 32.0 +0.1 36.7 18th 23.1 +1.0 21.3 11th 63.4 126.7 average 50%
Rundle Island 28.6 +0.5 30.9 21st 25.4 +1.1 22.0 8th
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 30.3 +0.9 33.2 19th 22.9 +0.6 21.4 4th 34.9 159.4 v low 22%
Seventeen Seventy 30.5 +1.3 32.5 29th 23.7 +0.8 21.8 5th 155.0 150.0 average 103%
Thangool Airport 34.1 +0.5 39.0 18th 19.1 -0.7 12.9 20th 21.6 95.7 v low 23%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 32.6 +1.5 38.0 18th 19.1 -0.5 12.3 19th 30.2 110.6 v low 27%
Archerfield Airport 31.3 +1.0 36.1 18th 20.7 +0.5 16.8 19th 46.4 133.3 low 35%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 32.8   38.1 27th 18.8   13.0 19th 43.6
Beerburrum Forest Station 31.2 +1.0 37.2 18th 19.3 -0.4 15.2 19th 100.0 187.0 low 53%
Brisbane 31.1 +0.8 35.1 18th 21.9 +0.6 17.3 19th 40.2 95.9 low 42%
Brisbane Aero 29.7 +0.7 32.1 18th 21.5 +0.4 17.8 19th 47.8 108.9 low 44%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 29.1 +2.3 30.5 20th 23.4 +1.5 21.7 30th 12.8 149.1 v low 9%
Coolangatta 30.1 +2.0 35.9 18th 21.0 +0.1 17.1 20th 70.6 138.2 average 51%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 30.4 +2.7 33.9 18th 23.2 +0.9 21.2 30th 92.4 162.1 average 57%
Gold Coast Seaway 30.4 +1.9 37.9 18th 22.0 +0.2 19.6 19th 73.8 104.7 low 70%
Gympie 31.8 +0.6 37.1 28th 19.3 -0.3 16.4 19th 89.0 161.5 low 55%
Hervey Bay Airport 30.6 +0.6 34.8 19th 21.9 -0.2 18.7 14th 59.2 126.5 average 47%
Jimna Forestry 28.9 +0.8 34.7 27th 17.2 -0.2 12.6 20th 86.8 78.4 average 111%
Kingaroy Airport 31.1   35.9 27th 17.5   11.1 19th 32.8 67.8 average 48%
Logan City Water Treatment 31.1 +1.4 37.7 18th 21.2 +0.8 17.6 19th 60.5 107.5 low 56%
Maleny Tamarind St 27.8   33.8 18th 19.0   16.8 17th 154.6 274.6 low 56%
Maroochydore Aero 30.3 +1.7 34.1 18th 20.2 -1.1 15.7 19th 78.0 115.7 average 67%
Maryborough 31.6 +0.9 34.5 28th 20.6 0.0 17.6 14th 72.4 162.2 low 45%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 30.4   36.3 18th 20.1   17.8 20th 114.8
Point Lookout 30.0 +1.1 31.6 23rd 22.9 +0.3 19.6 19th 46.2 108.5 low 43%
Rainbow Beach 29.4 +0.6 32.7 18th       115.4 150.7 average 77%
Redcliffe 29.9   32.1 18th 22.1   20.0 19th 49.8
Tewantin RSL Park 29.3 +0.9 34.6 18th 21.9 0.0 19.7 14th 102.0 132.6 average 77%
Toolara (Kelly) 32.4 +1.2 37.5 18th 20.8 +0.1 19.3 13th 162.2 140.5 average 115%
University of Queensland Gatton 33.9 +2.4 39.2 27th 19.0 -0.1 15.5 20th 76.8 110.9 average 69%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 28.8 +2.4 34.3 25th 14.7 -0.5 5.4 19th 42.0 92.8 low 45%
Dalby Airport 33.7 +1.2 40.0 27th 18.3 -0.5 10.0 20th 8.6 70.4 v low 12%
Goondiwindi Airport 34.7 +0.6 39.3 24th 21.3 +1.1 12.5 20th 86.8 84.9 average 102%
Inglewood Forest 33.9   38.8 24th 18.9   11.9 19th 34.0 44.5 average 76%
Oakey Aero 32.5 +1.7 37.8 27th 18.3 +0.5 11.1 19th 17.2 77.2 low 22%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 28.9 +1.5 35.5 27th 15.6 0.0 7.0 19th 48.6 96.2 low 51%
Texas Post Office 33.8 0.0 39.1 24th 19.5 +1.0 11.2 20th 42.4 87.0 low 49%
Toowoomba Airport 29.3 +1.2 35.1 27th 17.9 +0.4 13.8 19th 55.6 64.8 average 86%
Warwick 31.2 +1.2 36.9 27th 16.8 -0.1 9.6 19th 78.8 80.2 average 98%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 33.7 -0.2 38.7 25th 20.4 0.0 11.4 20th 23.8 63.9 low 37%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 33.1 -0.5 37.7 27th 19.6 0.0 10.6 20th 50.0 89.6 average 56%
Mitchell Post Office 34.2 +0.2 38.9 28th 20.3 +0.3 10.5 20th 19.7 81.4 low 24%
Roma Airport 33.5 -0.7 38.4 28th 21.2 +0.2 11.2 20th 18.0 69.6 average 26%
St George Airport 34.0 -0.8 39.2 28th 21.8 -0.1 12.6 19th 24.6 58.8 v low 42%
Surat 33.6 -0.6 38.4 28th 21.7 +1.1 11.2 20th 49.3 72.0 average 68%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 34.9 -0.6 40.0 28th 22.0 +0.5 12.0 19th 43.1 63.1 average 68%
Charleville Aero 34.1 -0.9 38.5 25th 21.6 -0.1 12.9 20th 95.8 74.5 high 129%
Cunnamulla Post Office 35.3 -0.7 40.5 23rd 22.5 +0.3 15.1 20th 57.0 46.6 high 122%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 38.4   44.3 24th 24.7   16.8 19th 24.0 31.8 average 75%
Quilpie Airport 36.4 -0.5 42.0 24th 23.7 0.0 16.6 20th 58.6 53.3 average 110%
Thargomindah Airport 37.3 -1.0 42.8 24th 24.7 -0.8 17.2 20th 121.8 39.3 v high 310%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 February 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

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