Queensland in June 2010: A dry month

  • Below average rainfall
  • Minimum and maximum temperatures were slightly above average

Summary

Early on the 2nd of June, a surface low pressure system developed near Moreton Island, generating maximum showers on its southern flank.  The low moved south on the 3rd and the heavier showers and rain areas focussed over northeastern New South Wales, however scattered showers persisted over the far southeastern Queensland border.  Showers also occurred over the eastern tropics and northern central districts due to sufficient moisture to the east of a low level inland trough.  These showers persisted and merged into light rain for the central eastern districts on the morning of the 4th. The low intensified off the New South Wales Coast on the 4th before moving southeast towards New Zealand on the 5th.  Strong winds developed south of Double Island Point on the 4th, contracting south on the 5th.

On the 17th, a surface trough entered the southwest of the state and mid-level cloud band with patchy light rain spread east over southern Queensland.  The cloud and patchy rain band moved northeast on the 19th ahead of a middle and upper trough.  Dry air spread over the southern half of the state on the 20th, leading to a cold morning and widespread early frosts - extending into inland parts of the Southeast Coast district and north to southern central districts. 

On the 23rd, a surface low pressure system formed near New Zealand, blocking an intense high pressure system east of Tasmania.  Strong winds and showers developed along the Queensland east coast and over the northern Gulf of Carpentaria. 

On the 26th, a surface trough over western Queensland moved east, reaching the Darling Downs in the evening.  A cloud band produced patchy light rain over southwest areas.  This cloud band contracted east, clearing the Channel Country in the evening. A ridge from the high pressure system in the Tasman Sea maintained the pressure gradient over the tropics with strong southeasterly winds north of Cairns and stream showers. 

Rainfall

Rainfall was average to below average over almost all of Queensland during June and no rain fell over most of the west of the sate. Only northeastern Cape York Peninsula and a small pocket near Townsville experienced slightly above average rainfall for the month.

The state-wide average rainfall for Queensland was 4.95 mm, which is the lowest since 2004.  The long-term statewide average rainfall for June (1961-90) is 18.64 mm.

The highest monthly rainfall total for Queensland in June was 390.6 mm at Bellenden Ker Top station, followed by 194.0 mm at Clyde Rd Alert*, followed by 175.0 mm at Bellenden Ker Bottom station. *Please note that alert gauges are part of the flood warning network of automatic gauges and such telemetry data is not validated.

Some sites had their lowest total June rainfall on record

The highest daily rainfall total recorded in Queensland in June was 79.0 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station on the 23rd, followed by 55.0 mm at Bulgun Creek Alert on the 26th, followed by 54.0 mm at Hawkins Creek on the 26th.

See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

The statewide-averaged mean monthly temperature was 0.44 °C above the long-term (1961-90) average of 16.68 °C.

Maximum temperature

Maximum temperatures were up to 2 °C above average over a large part of the northern half of the state and within a degree of average elsewhere.

The statewide average maximum temperature was 0.71 °C above the long-term (1961-90) average of 23.33 °C.

The hottest day was 35.1 °C, recorded at Coconut Island on both the 1st and 2nd, followed by 34.9 °C at Coconut Island on the 3rd.

The warmest days on average were 33.6 °C at Coconut Island, followed by 32.0 °C at Weipa Aero, followed by 31.8 °C at Scherger RAAF.

The coolest days on average were 14.8 °C at Applethorpe, followed by 15.6 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by 16.6 °C at Toowoomba Airport.

The coldest days occurred at Applethorpe, with 11.6 °C recorded on the 10th, followed by 11.7 °C  on the 12th, followed by 12.3 °C on the 27th.

Some sites had their highest June mean daily maximum temperature on record. See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.

Minimum temperature

Minimum temperatures were up to 2 °C below average in the northwest of the state, 2 to 3 °C above average in the Barron North Coast district, up to 2 °C above average over northern and eastern Cape York Peninsula and in the Port Curtis South Coast district and over Fraser Island.  Temperatures were within a degree of average elsewhere.

The statewide average minimum temperature was 0.21 °C above the long-term (1961-90) average of 10.03 °C.

The coldest night was the 28th, when -6.0 °C was recorded at Oakey Aero, followed by -4.8 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by -4.7 °C at Applethorpe.  Extensive areas of frost occurred about the southern and southeast interior on the 28th due to the dry air.

The coolest nights on average were 3.4 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by 3.5 °C at Applethorpe, followed by 4.7 °C at Oakey Aero.

The warmest nights on average were 25.6 °C at Coconut Island, followed by 25.1 °C at Horn Island, followed by 24.1 °C at Willis Island.

The warmest night was 26.5 °C, recorded at Coconut Island on both the 1st and the 8th, followed by 26.4 °C at Horn Island on the 2nd, followed by 26.3 °C at Coconut Island on the 13th.

See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Wind

The strongest wind gust was 85 km/h, recorded at both Cape Moreton Lighthouse on the 14th and at Double Island Point Lighthouse on the 22nd. 

Further information

Media
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Extremes in June 2010
Hottest day 35.1 °C at Coconut Island on the 1st
Warmest days on average 33.6 °C at Coconut Island
Coolest days on average 14.8 °C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 11.6 °C at Applethorpe on the 10th
Coldest night -6.0 °C at Oakey Aero on the 28th
Coolest nights on average 3.4 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 25.6 °C at Coconut Island
Warmest night 26.5 °C at Coconut Island on the 1st
Wettest overall 390.6 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station
Wettest day 79.0 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station on the 23rd
Highest wind gust 85 km/h at Cape Moreton Lighthouse on the 14th
85 km/h at Double Island Point Lighthouse on the 22nd

Record lowest total June rainfall
Total rainfall
for June 2010 (mm)
Previous lowest
for June
Years of
record
Average for
June
Mackay Aero 3.0 9.4 in 1999 25 64.0


Record highest June mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for June 2010 (°C)
Previous highest
for June
Years of
record
Average for
June
Willis Island 27.9 27.7 in 1973 81 26.5



Summary statistics for June 2010
Maximum temperatures
for June
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for June
(°C)
Rainfall
for June
(millimetres)
Mean for
June
2010
Diff
from
average
Highest for
June
2010
Mean for
June
2010
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
June
2010
Total for
June
2010
Average
for
June
Rank of
June
2010
Fraction of
June
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 33.6 +4.0 35.1 2nd 25.6 +1.0 24.2 19th 19.4 26.7 average 73%
Coen Airport 30.2   32.4 4th 19.3   15.9 19th 0 2.8 v low 0%
Horn Island 30.5 +1.2 31.3 2nd 25.1 +1.2 23.3 5th 16.6 16.2 average 102%
Scherger RAAF 31.8   33.9 2nd 20.9   18.2 5th 0.8
Weipa Aero 32.0 +0.9 33.5 28th 21.2 +1.3 18.1 5th 0.4 4.0 low 10%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 28.2 +0.8 29.6 6th 22.5 +2.4 19.7 19th 51.0 60.3 average 85%
Musgrave 31.4 +1.7 33.1 25th 16.2 +1.2 13.0 10th 0 9.6 lowest 0%
Palmerville 31.3 +1.4 33.3 29th 16.1 +1.0 13.0 21st 8.6 11.8 average 73%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 29.0   32.2 26th 14.8   9.1 2nd 0 5.5 v low 0%
Century Mine 27.8   31.5 18th 12.9   8.4 1st 0
Cloncurry Airport 26.2 -0.2 30.3 18th 11.2 -0.3 7.3 1st 0 5.6 v low 0%
Croydon Township 29.5 +0.2 32.0 26th 14.8 +0.1 9.0 1st 0 8.5 lowest 0%
Julia Creek Airport 27.5   31.2 26th 9.2   4.3 21st 0
Kowanyama Airport 31.7 +1.0 32.8 12th 17.3 +1.1 13.3 4th 0 4.3 lowest 0%
Mornington Island 26.2 +0.4 29.5 25th 18.3 +1.1 13.8 2nd 0 6.8 lowest 0%
Mount Isa Aero 24.6 -0.3 29.1 17th 9.5 -0.5 4.4 1st 0 6.0 lowest 0%
Normanton Airport 29.5 -0.3 31.8 26th 16.2 -0.6 12.7 1st 0 6.6 v low 0%
Sweers Island 25.8   27.7 27th 18.8   15.4 3rd 0.1 7.2 average 1%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 29.7   32.4 29th 14.7   11.3 10th 0
Hughenden Airport 26.1 +0.1 29.3 27th 9.1 -2.0 3.7 1st 0 20.8 v low 0%
Richmond Airport 27.3 +0.7 31.2 17th 8.2 -2.3 2.0 21st 0 18.3 v low 0%
Richmond Post Office 27.5 +1.4 31.0 25th 9.4 -0.4 4.5 21st 0 15.3 lowest 0%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 27.8 +1.8 29.1 25th 19.7 +1.9 16.4 7th 9.0 45.6 low 20%
Cape Flattery 27.9   30.5 4th 22.8   20.6 4th 44.8
Cooktown Airport 27.3 +0.5 28.8 4th 20.5 +0.4 15.3 7th 10.0 32.2 low 31%
Kairi Research Station 22.9 +1.4 25.8 3rd 13.8 +1.7 9.0 7th 24.0 37.9 average 63%
Low Isles Lighthouse 26.4 +0.5 29.0 3rd 22.6 +1.4 21.5 24th 25.4 62.9 low 40%
Mareeba Airport 26.3 +1.0 28.5 4th 16.0 +0.6 13.9 1st 0.4 5.8 low 7%
Walkamin Research Station 24.5 +1.0 28.0 4th 15.4 +1.5 11.8 7th 1.2 18.0 v low 7%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 25.9 +0.6 28.2 3rd 17.0 +2.1 12.1 7th 19.1 46.8 low 41%
Ingham Composite 25.6 +0.4 27.6 19th 15.6 +0.9 10.5 21st 13.2 45.0 low 29%
Innisfail 25.3 +0.8 28.3 2nd 18.3 +2.2 14.8 7th 115.9 187.5 average 62%
Lucinda Point 23.7 -0.2 25.1 3rd 19.3 +0.4 16.8 21st 44.2 34.4 high 128%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 25.4 +1.0 28.2 3rd 17.7 +1.9 13.1 7th 93.6 153.8 average 61%
Townsville Aero 26.4 +0.8 28.0 23rd 15.6 +1.0 10.3 1st 21.2 20.5 high 103%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 25.1 +0.2 27.0 30th 15.3 -0.2 8.8 1st 7.0 20.8 low 34%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 26.2 +0.8 27.7 10th 13.6 +0.7 8.8 21st 4.6 24.8 low 19%
Collinsville Post Office 26.3 +1.1 29.1 27th 10.3 -0.1 4.6 1st 20.2 27.2 average 74%
Hamilton Island Airport 21.9   23.5 3rd 18.6   16.2 13th 38.0 55.0 average 69%
Mackay Aero 23.4 +0.3 24.3 30th 12.3 -0.4 7.8 1st 3.0 64.0 lowest 5%
Mackay M.O 21.9 0.0 23.1 25th 14.6 +0.6 10.3 1st 6.6 63.0 v low 10%
Proserpine Airport 25.3 +0.7 27.1 9th 12.2 -0.7 4.6 1st 9.6 39.6 low 24%
Samuel Hill Aero 22.6 -0.2 25.7 9th 11.3 -0.4 5.1 7th 33.8 117.7 low 29%
St Lawrence 24.4   26.9 9th 11.8   7.4 2nd 5.0
St Lawrence Post Office 24.6 +0.3 27.3 9th 12.8 +0.6 8.4 1st 6.1 49.3 low 12%
Williamson 24.1   26.5 29th 10.8   5.5 7th 5.0
Woolshed 22.3 +0.6 24.1 27th 12.1 +0.4 4.7 1st 35.6 28.2 high 126%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 21.8 -0.1 24.1 5th 13.1 -0.4 8.0 7th 28.4 59.6 low 48%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 25.3 +0.2 28.5 27th 12.6 -0.3 6.8 1st 8.1 21.4 average 38%
Central Highlands (district 35)
Brigalow Research Stn 22.5 +0.4 25.5 25th 8.6 +0.6 4.1 13th 20.6 29.0 average 71%
Clermont Airport 23.3   27.0 26th 7.1   0.9 8th 5.0
Clermont Sirius St 23.0 -0.1 27.3 27th 8.2 +0.1 2.3 8th 6.6 34.1 average 19%
Emerald Airport 23.1 -0.3 26.2 26th 9.8 -0.5 5.2 20th 6.4 31.8 low 20%
Springsure Comet St 22.1 -0.2 24.6 26th 8.7 +1.6 3.1 20th 9.2 37.7 average 24%
Tambo Post Office 21.7 +0.1 25.5 26th 5.7 +0.8 0.5 12th 13.4 28.5 average 47%
Taroom Post Office 21.5 0.0 25.5 9th 7.5 +1.2 1.9 12th 11.8 36.4 average 32%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 23.2 +0.3 26.8 17th 9.6 +0.6 5.4 30th 4.8 24.1 average 20%
Blackall Airport 22.4 -0.4 26.1 17th 8.0 -0.2 2.6 30th 4.4 29.4 average 15%
Isisford Post Office 23.3 +0.4 27.1 17th 8.6 +0.8 3.1 12th 3.6 20.9 average 17%
Longreach Aero 24.0 +0.2 27.4 17th 7.5 -0.7 1.2 12th 1.4 16.1 low 9%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 26.3 +0.4 30.6 25th 8.8 -1.1 4.9 15th 0 9.8 lowest 0%
The Monument Airport 23.7 -0.4 28.4 17th 7.3 -1.0 2.6 14th 0 12.2 v low 0%
Trepell Airport 24.4   28.7 17th 8.0   5.5 30th 0 13.5 v low 0%
Winton Airport 24.9   29.0 26th 8.1   3.3 30th 0
Winton Post Office 24.3 -0.3 28.5 26th 10.0 +0.6 5.6 14th 0 18.2 lowest 0%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie Police Station 21.4 -1.4 28.5 25th 7.1 -1.0 3.5 28th 0 9.7 lowest 0%
Birdsville Airport 21.0 0.0 28.0 25th 7.3 -0.1 1.7 28th 0 11.8 v low 0%
Boulia Airport 23.4 +0.1 28.6 25th 8.8 -0.1 4.5 12th 0 10.3 lowest 0%
Windorah Post Office 21.6 -0.1 27.1 17th 7.5 -0.1 1.5 30th 0.4 16.6 low 2%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Baralaba Post Office 23.5 -0.1 27.5 26th 9.3 +0.4 3.7 20th 6.6 35.1 low 19%
Bundaberg Aero 22.6 0.0 25.8 9th 12.6 +1.0 8.3 20th 9.6 49.4 low 19%
Gayndah Airport 22.4   24.9 30th 7.5   2.2 13th 0.6
Gladstone Airport 23.3 -0.1 26.0 4th 13.1 -0.2 8.9 13th 9.2 43.1 low 21%
Gladstone Radar 24.0 +0.8 27.4 30th 14.3 0.0 10.7 13th 12.0 38.4 average 31%
Lady Elliot Island 22.7 +0.9 25.7 30th 17.7 +0.2 13.0 2nd 42.8 92.9 low 46%
Monto Township 21.7 +0.6 25.9 30th 7.2 +0.5 1.1 13th 15.6 37.9 average 41%
Rockhampton Aero 23.9 +0.4 28.0 30th 11.5 +0.6 6.8 8th 16.4 38.3 average 43%
Rundle Island 21.5 +0.2 24.7 18th 16.7 -0.3 14.3 20th
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 22.0 +0.3 25.1 26th 15.7 +0.5 12.3 7th 118.0 110.3 high 107%
Seventeen Seventy 22.5 +0.5 25.3 27th 14.7 0.0 11.5 7th 36.8 67.1 average 55%
Thangool Airport 23.1 -0.5 26.6 30th 6.9 -0.1 1.0 7th 9.6 32.8 low 29%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 21.6 0.0 24.9 5th 6.2 -0.8 -1.0 12th 8.6 46.1 low 19%
Archerfield Airport 21.2 -0.2 24.7 5th 9.3 +0.1 4.8 13th 6.4 66.4 low 10%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 21.5   24.1 5th 6.3   -2.0 12th 5.4
Beerburrum Forest Station 21.5 -0.2 25.1 9th 10.8 0.0 5.2 13th 12.6 73.7 low 17%
Brisbane 21.6 -0.5 25.2 5th 11.7 +0.1 7.3 28th 6.2 59.6 v low 10%
Brisbane Aero 21.2 -0.1 24.9 5th 10.3 -0.2 5.2 28th 13.6 67.1 low 20%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 20.0 +0.4 22.1 5th 14.8 +0.7 10.5 12th 30.6 136.5 v low 22%
Coolangatta 21.0 0.0 23.5 5th 11.2 -0.1 5.2 12th 30.6 128.7 low 24%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 20.6 +0.5 24.9 27th 15.4 +0.5 11.2 12th 103.6 119.5 average 87%
Gold Coast Seaway 21.6 +0.3 24.9 5th 12.9 -0.2 7.3 12th 12.4 116.3 v low 11%
Gympie 22.1 0.0 24.9 27th 8.6 +0.7 1.8 20th 6.4 60.9 v low 11%
Hervey Bay Airport 21.7 -0.2 24.0 18th 11.8 -0.1 5.9 7th 64.8 84.5 low 77%
Jimna Forestry 17.6 -0.7 20.6 26th 7.4 +0.4 1.3 13th 12.8 53.3 v low 24%
Kingaroy Airport 19.4 -0.7 22.6 5th 5.5 -0.3 -2.6 12th 5.0 46.0 low 11%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 21.3 -0.4 24.5 5th 10.1 +0.3 5.0 12th 14.1 68.9 low 20%
Maleny Tamarind St 18.8 -0.4 22.2 9th 10.2 0.0 5.8 28th 34.0 106.4 low 32%
Maryborough 22.6 +0.2 25.1 27th 10.5 +0.2 4.4 7th 13.6 67.3 low 20%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 21.6   25.0 9th 11.4   6.3 20th 22.2
Point Lookout 22.4 +0.9 24.4 5th 14.5 -0.1 10.2 28th 54.1 158.3 v low 34%
Rainbow Beach 21.4 -0.2 24.2 27th       140.2 116.2 average 121%
Redcliffe* 21.0 0.0 24.5 9th 12.4 +1.0 7.9 20th 18.8 61.7 low 30%
Sunshine Coast Airport 21.6 +0.3 25.4 27th 10.9 -0.5 4.4 20th 27.4 113.2 v low 24%
Tewantin RSL Park 21.5 -0.1 24.5 9th 12.5 -0.1 7.8 20th 53.6 125.8 average 43%
Toolara (Kelly) 20.7 -1.2 23.6 30th 12.4 0.0 8.1 12th 68.4 87.4 average 78%
University of Queensland Gatton 21.3 +0.2 24.3 5th 7.9 +0.3 2.4 20th 2.0 42.3 v low 5%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 14.8 +0.2 17.7 20th 3.5 +0.3 -4.7 28th 32.8 37.8 average 87%
Dalby Airport 20.0 -0.2 23.2 17th 5.5 0.0 -2.9 28th 2.2 33.7 low 7%
Goondiwindi Airport 19.2 -0.7 23.1 17th 6.1 +0.2 -1.8 28th 11.6 34.1 low 34%
Inglewood Forest 18.3 -1.0 21.8 16th 6.5 -0.3 -0.6 28th 8.6 32.1 low 27%
Oakey Aero 19.0 -0.1 22.7 26th 4.7 +0.6 -6.0 28th 4.2 28.9 low 15%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 15.6 +0.1 18.9 26th 3.4 +0.8 -4.8 28th 23.0 47.1 average 49%
Texas Post Office 18.7 -0.7 21.9 23rd 5.5 +1.0 -2.3 28th 11.8 41.1 low 29%
Toowoomba Airport 16.6 -0.4 20.7 26th 7.2 -0.3 0.1 28th 11.4 31.7 average 36%
Warwick 17.7 -0.9 20.8 26th 5.1 +0.3 -4.0 28th 18.2 33.0 average 55%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 20.2 -0.2 24.5 26th 6.6 +0.8 -0.4 28th 11.4 41.3 low 28%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 20.2 -0.1 25.5 26th 6.1 +1.7 0.3 20th 9.4 29.9 low 31%
Mitchell Post Office 20.0 +0.4 25.1 17th 6.0 +1.8 -2.1 12th 27.5 33.6 average 82%
Roma Airport 20.2 -0.1 24.7 26th 5.4 +0.1 -2.3 12th 8.4 29.5 low 28%
St George Airport 19.7 -0.2 23.4 26th 6.6 +0.3 -1.0 28th 14.0 35.4 low 40%
Surat 20.1 -0.1 24.6 26th 6.0 +0.4 -2.6 28th 7.4 36.8 low 20%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 19.3 -0.2 23.2 25th 5.8 +0.1 0.0 28th 13.0 29.9 average 43%
Charleville Aero 19.6 -0.3 24.3 25th 6.1 +0.6 -0.3 12th 1.0 24.7 low 4%
Cunnamulla Post Office 19.0 -0.3 23.8 16th 7.1 +0.3 0.5 30th 3.4 26.0 low 13%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 19.6   26.5 25th 7.0   1.0 29th 0 17.9 v low 0%
Quilpie Airport     25.5 16th 7.2 -0.2 0.5 30th 0 20.2 lowest 0%
Thargomindah Airport 19.7 -0.3 25.5 25th 7.1 -0.7 -0.1 28th 4.4 17.4 low 25%
* The rainfall for June at this site is compared to another nearby site with a longer record.

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Thursday 1 July 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 9 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries