Queensland in September 2010: A cloudy and cool month with record breaking rainfall

  • Wettest September on record for Queensland 
  • 24% of the state (by area) had the highest September rainfall on record 
  • 34% of the state (by area) had the highest September minimum temperature on record 
  • Second highest state-averaged mean minimum temperature on record
  • Lowest state-averaged mean maximum temperature since 1993

A wet month with record breaking rainfall

Area averaged across the state, and based on records since 1900, Queensland had its wettest September on record. The state wide average rainfall was 75.98 mm (breaking the previous record of 70.58 mm set in 1906), well above the long term average of 12.68 mm.  

Rainfall

A series of surface troughs swept eastwards across the state in September, some combining with upper level troughs to generate cloud and rainbands that extended from the north west to the south east of Queensland during the month.

Heavy rainfalls occurred around the 5th and 6th of September from a thundery rainband which extended from the north west and across central districts on the 5th, and then over the south east of the state by the 6th. This rainband also generated locally moderate to heavy falls in parts of the Central West, Central Highlands, Capricornia, Wide Bay and Burnett and northern Darling Downs districts. 

More heavy rain occurred on the 19th as an upper trough situated over Central Australia moved eastwards and produced a cloud band with rain areas over most of Queensland. In addition, a surface trough over the central interior produced locally heavy rain and storms, in particular over the Central Highlands, Central Coast and Northern Tropical Coast.  

The same upper trough was near stationary and situated over northern South Australia and New South Wales by the 23rd, maintaining cloud and patchy rain areas over Central Queensland from the 23rd to the 26th.  Another surface trough extended across inland Queensland on the 25th and rainfalls were concentrated around a thundery rainband about the state's interior.  Some significant falls also occurred in the humid, unstable air mass to the east of the surface trough.  On the 27th and 28th, scattered showers and thunderstorms occurred over northern and eastern Queensland, more isolated near the east coast, as the inland trough remained near stationary.  By the 29th the surface trough was moving north along the southern Queensland coast and showers and thunderstorms occurred over far northern and eastern Queensland, with locally heavy falls.  On the 30th the trough moved off the east Queensland coast and following the trough, a strengthening ridge extended along the east Queensland coast from a high moving east across southeast Australia with cooler southeasterly winds and isolated showers. 

The highest daily rainfall total was 164.8mm at Mackay Aero on the 20th of  September, followed by 148.6 mm at Innisfail on the 29th, followed by 145.4 mm at Proserpine Airport on the 20th.

Forty-four stations in Queensland
with twenty five or more years of record had their highest September daily rainfall on record.

The highest monthly rainfall total was 612.8 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station, followed by 378.6 mm at Orion, followed by 324.6 mm at Springsure Comet St.

Eighty-seven stations w
ith twenty five or more years of record had their highest total September rainfall on record.

See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

Area averaged across the state, the mean maximum temperature for September was 28.44 °C, where the long term average is 28.67 °C.  Maximum temperatures were slightly below the long term average due to the persistent cloud bands that developed during the month.  

Also as a result of the cloud bands, the area averaged mean minimum temperature for the state during September was 14.83 °C, well above the long term average of 11.91 °C and the second highest on record, based on figures since 1950 (the highest on record was 15.32 °C in September 1998).  

Maximum temperature

Mean maximum temperatures for September were generally below average south of about 21 °C, by up to 5 °C in the western Channel Country, and above average to the north by between 1 and 3 °C.  Kowanyama Airport and Willis Island both recorded their highest September mean daily maximum temperature on record.

The warmest days on average were 37.0 °C at Kowanyama Airport, followed by 35.9 °C at Normanton Airport, followed by 35.6 °C at Croydon Township.

The hottest day was 40.3 °C at Century Mine on the 13th, followed by 39.3 °C at Century Mine on the 14th, followed by 39.2 °C at Julia Creek Airport on the 13th.

A number of stations in the Channel Country, Central West and Maranoa and Warrego recorded their coldest September day (lowest maximum temperature) on record between the 17th and 19th of the month due to cloud cover and rain areas.  Daytime maxima were generally well below average in southern districts, with many centres between 10 and 16 °C below their September averages. 

The coldest day was 11.3 °C at Roma Airport on the 19th, followed by 11.4 °C at both Injune Post Office and Mitchell Post Office on the 19th, followed by 11.7 °C at Charleville Aero on the 19th.

The coolest days on average were 18.1 °C at Applethorpe, followed by 18.8 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by 20.2 °C at Toowoomba Airport.

See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.

Minimum temperature

Mean minimum temperatures for September were above average over the entire state, by up to 6 °C over part of the Northern Goldfields.

Thirty-four stations with twenty or more years of records had their highest September mean daily minimum temperature on record.

The warmest nights on average were 26.0 °C at Horn Island, followed by 25.9 °C at Coconut Island, followed by 24.8 °C at Willis Island.

A number of stations recorded their warmest September night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.  The warmest night was 27.0 °C at Horn Island on both the 22nd and 27th, followed by 26.9 °C at Horn Island on the 23rd, followed by 26.8 °C at Coconut Island on the 6th, Normanton Airport on the 11th and Horn Island on the 25th.

The coldest night was 0.9 °C at Applethorpe on the 7th, followed by 1.3 °C at Applethorpe on the 18th, followed by 1.4 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 7th.

The coolest nights on average were 8.4 °C at Applethorpe, followed by 8.8 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade, followed by 10.4 °C at Warwick.

See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Wind

The strongest wind gust was 91 km/h at Maryborough on the 29th, followed by 87 km/h at St George Airport on the 23rd, followed by 85 km/h at Palmerville on the 28th.

Other phenomena

Three well defined water-spouts occurred east of Hayman Island on the morning of the 28th.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in September 2010
Hottest day 40.3 °C at Century Mine on the 13th
39.3 °C at Century Mine on the 14th
39.2 °C at Julia Creek Airport on the 13th
Warmest days on average 37.0 °C at Kowanyama Airport
35.9 °C at Normanton Airport
35.6 °C at Croydon Township
Coolest days on average 18.1 °C at Applethorpe
18.8 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
20.2 °C at Toowoomba Airport
Coldest day 11.3 °C at Roma Airport on the 19th
11.4 °C at Injune Post Office on the 19th
11.4 °C at Mitchell Post Office on the 19th
11.7 °C at Charleville Aero on the 19th
Coldest night 0.9 °C at Applethorpe on the 7th
1.3 °C at Applethorpe on the 18th
1.4 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 7th
Coolest nights on average 8.4 °C at Applethorpe
8.8 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
10.4 °C at Warwick
Warmest nights on average 26.0 °C at Horn Island
25.9 °C at Coconut Island
24.8 °C at Willis Island
Warmest night 27.0 °C at Horn Island on the 22nd
27.0 °C at Horn Island on the 27th
26.9 °C at Horn Island on the 23rd
26.8 °C at Coconut Island on the 6th
26.8 °C at Normanton Airport on the 11th
26.8 °C at Horn Island on the 25th
Wettest overall 612.8 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station
378.6 mm at Orion
324.6 mm at Springsure Comet St
Wettest day 164.8 mm at Mackay Aero on the 20th
148.6 mm at Innisfail on the 29th
145.4 mm at Proserpine Airport on the 20th
Highest wind gust 91 km/h at Maryborough on the 29th
87 km/h at St George Airport on the 23rd
85 km/h at Palmerville on the 28th

Record highest September daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in September 2010 (mm)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Lowood Don St 114.0 on the 30th 57.2 on the 12th in 1964 123
Te Kowai Exp Stn 112.5 on the 20th 84.8 on the 5th in 1921 107
Gillespie 51.0 on the 20th 47.0 on the 4th in 2008 101
Plane Creek Sugar Mill 90.0 on the 20th 87.9 on the 6th in 1943 99
Goomeri Post Office 79.2 on the 6th 71.4 on the 27th in 1926 98
Roseberth Station 35.3 on the 4th 21.6 on the 26th in 1931 97
Somerby 77.2 on the 6th 70.8 on the 25th in 1998 86
Jambin Post Office 78.0 on the 6th 66.8 on the 6th in 1947 84
Thangool Airport 86.6 on the 6th 72.1 on the 6th in 1947 80
Proston Post Office 60.8 on the 6th 57.0 on the 25th in 1998 73
Townsville Aero 59.2 on the 20th 50.3 on the 27th in 1947 70
Monto Township 73.1 on the 6th 67.1 on the 6th in 1947 69
Minnie Downs 61.0 on the 19th 40.0 on the 2nd in 1997 68
Moura Post Office 141.0 on the 6th 114.3 on the 6th in 1947 68
Bedourie Police Station 44.2 on the 4th 37.0 on the 19th in 1993 66
Tuan Creek Forest Stn 72.6 on the 21st 53.1 on the 10th in 1949 63
Dunollie 62.8 on the 6th 58.2 on the 2nd in 1992 61
Ayr DPI Research Stn 52.8 on the 20th 44.0 on the 8th in 1975 58
Barnganal Blue Mountain 51.8 on the 30th 38.2 on the 5th in 1984 57
Brian Pastures 98.8 on the 21st 53.8 on the 28th in 1955 56
Mount Charlton 78.0 on the 20th 60.0 on the 18th in 1983 56
Bogarella 80.0 on the 19th 54.0 on the 4th in 2008 52
Pormpuraaw Township 55.0 on the 30th 32.8 on the 10th in 1962 52
Colodan 102.6 on the 6th 51.6 on the 25th in 1998 51
Gue 69.4 on the 19th 16.6 on the 4th in 2008 51
Hecate 48.2 on the 20th 33.2 on the 27th in 1983 51
Mackay M.O 122.2 on the 20th 35.8 on the 5th in 2007 51
Winvic 68.0 on the 28th 48.8 on the 23rd in 1970 49
Roma Peak 75.0 on the 20th 32.8 on the 15th in 1993 47
Daintree Tea 117.0 on the 20th 105.0 on the 4th in 2006 45
Orientos Station 40.0 on the 4th 36.2 on the 23rd in 1998 45
Jochmus 70.0 on the 26th 44.1 on the 7th in 1978 42
Greenvale Township 11.8 on the 24th 10.5 on the 13th in 1992 41
Strathtay Station 64.0 on the 28th 37.6 on the 4th in 1978 41
Pinnacle 84.0 on the 21st 23.0 on the 8th in 1975 40
Ellangowan 47.2 on the 5th 35.4 on the 18th in 1976 38
Moranbah Water Treatment Plant 27.6 on the 6th 20.4 on the 23rd in 1974 37
Woodgate Store 92.2 on the 21st 61.0 on the 11th in 1998 37
Highbury Station 28.0 on the 30th 11.0 on the 2nd in 1997 36
Possum Park 40.0 on the 5th 39.6 on the 15th in 1948 35
Daintree Village 66.0 on the 5th 65.0 on the 4th in 2006 31
Lochinvar 83.0 on the 20th 52.0 on the 4th in 2008 29
Lucinda Point 65.4 on the 20th 48.0 on the 1st in 1998 28
Mackay Aero 164.8 on the 20th 34.0 on the 5th in 2007 25



Record highest total September rainfall
Total rainfall
for September 2010 (mm)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Average for
September
Springsure Comet St 324.6 181.9 in 1886 142 30.2
Aramac Post Office 184.6 114.3 in 1906 131 15.1
Blackall Township 174.5 119.4 in 1906 131 18.6
Gillespie 200.4 108.7 in 1917 130 18.5
Tambo Post Office 257.4 131.3 in 1906 130 21.4
Isisford Post Office 140.2 109.5 in 1906 126 15.3
Muttaburra 162.2 118.6 in 1906 126 13.1
Alpha Post Office 280.2 117.8 in 1906 124 21.6
Barcaldine Post Office 152.0 107.5 in 1903 124 16.2
Boulia Airport 88.1 53.1 in 1894 124 7.6
Low Isles Lighthouse 172.0 147.4 in 1913 122 37.1
Lowood Don St 224.0 168.3 in 1917 122 40.9
Palmerville 127.2 97.5 in 1947 121 8.8
Orion 378.6 197.6 in 1917 120 29.8
Te Kowai Exp Stn 259.7 235.2 in 1892 120 29.6
Anakie Richardson St 238.1 122.7 in 1933 116 21.5
Comet Post Office 162.6 131.6 in 1998 116 22.3
Bauhinia Downs Store 179.6 177.5 in 1917 115 30.6
Minnie Downs 150.0 136.4 in 1906 113 19.6
Capella Post Office 193.2 162.4 in 1906 112 19.9
Walterhall 167.6 108.9 in 1917 112 27.2
Holmleigh 105.6 92.2 in 1943 111 9.3
Gracemere - Lucas St 150.4 116.4 in 1917 109 22.6
Woodbine Station 110.2 71.4 in 1943 104 7.8
Plane Creek Sugar Mill 243.2 169.0 in 1926 101 25.5
Mount Larcom Post Office 154.0 120.4 in 1917 98 25.0
Tiree 133.4 84.8 in 1926 98 10.2
Roseberth Station 61.7 27.2 in 1931 97 4.6
Toliness Station 136.0 133.3 in 1917 91 20.8
Somerby 265.1 136.6 in 1998 87 24.7
Injune Post Office 132.0 125.6 in 1943 86 26.6
Baralaba Post Office 160.7 148.8 in 1933 85 25.9
Jambin Post Office 158.5 126.4 in 1996 83 26.0
Glenlands 113.6 95.8 in 1982 80 22.0
Thangool Airport 155.4 116.4 in 1974 80 25.6
Peakvale Station 233.8 121.9 in 1933 76 19.5
Rockhampton Aero 146.2 107.3 in 1964 72 24.5
Collinsville Post Office 56.2 45.4 in 1973 71 11.6
Gue 170.2 72.6 in 1943 71 9.6
Lanark 108.9 103.9 in 1998 71 30.9
Meandarra Post Office 105.4 105.2 in 1978 69 29.1
Monto Township 124.0 91.9 in 1978 69 25.0
Moura Post Office 229.4 180.4 in 1998 68 29.0
Rockley 160.0 117.6 in 1964 68 23.5
Ulcanbah 138.3 77.2 in 1954 68 10.5
Rewan Station 193.9 178.2 in 1917 67 31.8
Bedourie Police Station 128.0 56.9 in 1998 66 8.0
Wharton Creek Station 154.2 98.7 in 1978 65 21.5
Barnganal Blue Mountain 160.4 69.0 in 1978 61 17.4
Carnarvon Station 139.3 99.0 in 1978 61 25.4
Dunollie 146.0 130.4 in 1998 61 32.3
Wyseby 200.2 137.6 in 1993 59 28.3
Ayr DPI Research Stn 99.6 62.2 in 1986 58 10.9
Ellangowan 116.0 101.6 in 1978 58 34.0
Woodspring 113.6 105.4 in 1970 57 33.9
Brian Pastures 218.0 118.8 in 1998 56 32.6
Broadmeadows 144.4 92.9 in 1982 54 26.8
Mount Charlton 237.0 90.0 in 1975 54 25.3
Gladstone Radar 130.2 89.6 in 1998 52 28.2
Pormpuraaw Township 71.0 33.8 in 1962 52 2.9
Colodan 172.4 130.6 in 1998 51 27.6
Hecate 72.0 71.6 in 1975 51 16.8
Mackay M.O 234.4 58.4 in 1975 51 20.4
Tosari 107.0 85.4 in 1998 51 29.8
Winvic 180.0 64.5 in 1973 49 13.1
Roma Peak 88.2 52.2 in 1975 47 14.1
Ballandean Post Office 150.2 133.7 in 1970 43 43.0
Bungaban TM 135.4 104.6 in 1898 43 35.1
Jochmus 265.0 97.2 in 1978 42 13.5
Eastmere 117.0 103.0 in 1978 41 11.7
Strathtay Station 99.8 64.5 in 1978 41 8.7
Pinnacle 84.0 28.5 in 1973 40 5.7
Macalister 111.2 110.8 in 1998 39 33.1
Hazelmere 75.2 50.3 in 1973 38 15.1
Warden Bend 149.2 55.4 in 1993 38 11.3
Moranbah Water Treatment Plant 60.7 39.4 in 1986 37 9.3
Turrawulla Station 74.0 62.8 in 1986 37 13.4
Glenlyon Dam 112.8 107.7 in 1978 36 43.1
Highbury Station 41.0 17.1 in 1968 36 3.3
Coolmunda Dam 124.2 100.6 in 1978 34 33.6
Embreys Bridge 136.8 97.8 in 1998 34 32.1
Daintree Village 253.0 196.6 in 1981 31 63.0
Lochinvar 167.0 93.2 in 1998 28 24.4
Lucinda Point 151.4 107.0 in 1998 28 27.5
Roma Airport 132.0 89.6 in 2008 26 26.3
Mackay Aero 289.2 70.8 in 1998 25 28.8
Townsville Aero 84.0 81.4 in 1975 70 10.9




Record lowest September daily maximum temperature
Lowest daily maximum
temperature
in September 2010 (°C)
Previous lowest
for September
Years of
record
Average for
September
Charleville Aero 11.7 on the 19th 13.9 on the 5th in 1979 69 26.0
Quilpie Airport 13.3 on the 19th 13.7 on the 22nd in 1993 54 27.0
Tambo Post Office 13.4 on the 17th 14.3 on the 22nd in 1974 54 27.4
Isisford Post Office 15.6 on the 18th 16.0 on the 5th in 1979 51 29.3
Barcaldine Post Office 16.6 on the 19th 16.9 on the 11th in 1964 49 28.7
Surat 11.8 on the 19th 13.4 on the 4th in 2008 45 25.7
Injune Post Office 11.4 on the 19th 13.9 on the 5th in 2007 44 26.1
Windorah Post Office 13.0 on the 18th 15.1 on the 8th in 2004 44 28.4
Brigalow Research Stn 15.7 on the 18th 16.0 on the 5th in 2007 42 27.2
Mitchell Post Office 11.4 on the 19th 13.8 on the 5th in 2007 41 25.7



Record highest September mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for September 2010 (°C)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Average for
September
Willis Island 28.9 28.5 in 1974 81 27.3
Kowanyama Airport 37.0 36.0 in 1988 42 34.5




Record highest September daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in September 2010 (°C)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Average for
September
Willis Island 25.8 on the 21st 25.5 on the 30th in 1996 82 22.6
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 20.8 on the 4th 20.6 on the 7th in 1959 54 15.9
Lockhart River Airport 26.1 on the 21st 25.4 on the 27th in 2009 46 20.3
Low Isles Lighthouse 25.0 on the 22nd 24.7 on the 16th in 1970 43 21.8
South Johnstone Exp Stn 23.5 on the 22nd 22.9 on the 22nd in 1986 43 16.6
Mornington Island 26.1 on the 30th 25.8 on the 28th in 2003 37 20.5
Mackay Aero 22.5 on the 25th 22.1 on the 8th in 2002 25 14.5
Lucinda Point 25.1 on the 27th 25.0 on the 30th in 1996 24 20.8



Record highest September mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for September 2010 (°C)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Average for
September
Richmond Post Office 18.9 18.4 in 1921 116 13.9
Innisfail 21.7 20.7 in 1998 101 16.9
Cardwell Marine Pde 21.2 20.5 in 1998 100 16.2
Clermont Sirius St 15.9 15.6 in 1998 95 12.1
Willis Island 24.8 24.1 in 1998 81 22.6
Winton Post Office 17.8 17.7 in 1998 72 13.3
Rockhampton Aero 17.8 17.2 in 1998 71 13.6
St Lawrence Post Office 18.6 17.4 in 1998 70 14.3
Amberley AMO 13.0 12.5 in 1973 69 9.5
Townsville Aero 22.1 20.6 in 1992 69 17.3
Cairns Aero 22.5 21.0 in 1998 67 18.7
Springsure Comet St 14.9 14.8 in 1998 61 11.2
South Johnstone Exp Stn 21.2 19.6 in 1993 55 16.6
Collinsville Post Office 18.5 16.9 in 1992 53 13.6
Ayr DPI Research Stn 19.9 18.1 in 1992 52 14.9
Gladstone Radar 18.3 18.2 in 1983 52 16.4
Mackay M.O 19.8 19.2 in 1998 51 16.6
Kairi Research Station 17.3 16.6 in 1998 47 12.7
Lockhart River Airport 24.5 23.3 in 1975 45 20.3
Low Isles Lighthouse 23.8 23.1 in 1998 42 21.8
Walkamin Research Station 18.3 17.7 in 1998 42 14.8
Texas Post Office 10.8 10.6 in 2008 40 7.8
Ingham Composite 20.8 19.8 in 1998 39 16.0
Baralaba Post Office 15.2 13.6 in 1983 38 11.8
Oakey Aero 11.2 11.0 in 1998 37 7.2
Monto Township 12.9 12.0 in 2008 36 9.6
Mornington Island 23.5 22.8 in 1973 36 20.5
Musgrave 20.1 19.0 in 1917 36 15.6
Mackay Aero 19.0 18.5 in 1998 24 14.5
Lucinda Point 22.7 22.5 in 1992 23 20.8
Moranbah Water Treatment Plant 17.3 16.0 in 1998 23 14.1
Coolangatta 15.1 14.9 in 2008 22 13.4
Bowen Airport 20.1 19.0 in 1992 21 16.4
Proserpine Airport 19.2 18.2 in 1998 20 14.3




Summary statistics for September 2010
Maximum temperatures
for September
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for September
(°C)
Rainfall
for September
(millimetres)
Mean for
September
2010
Diff
from
average
Highest for
September
2010
Mean for
September
2010
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
September
2010
Total for
September
2010
Average
for
September
Rank of
September
2010
Fraction of
September
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 33.4 +2.9 34.9 4th 25.9 +1.9 24.2 28th 29.6 7.7 v high 384%
Coen Airport 31.7   33.7 29th 22.9   18.0 12th 5.2 1.1 v high 473%
Horn Island 31.8 +1.8 32.7 26th 26.0 +2.3 23.0 28th 70.6 7.0 v high 1009%
Scherger RAAF 34.5   36.9 30th 22.8   19.5 15th 7.2
Weipa Aero 35.3 +0.9 37.0 30th 22.8 +3.2 18.7 15th 2.8 1.7 high 165%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 30.0 +1.0 31.0 29th 24.5 +4.2 19.9 15th 26.0 16.1 high 161%
Musgrave 35.0 +1.9 36.2 30th 20.1 +4.5 16.4 12th 25.2 3.4 v high 741%
Palmerville 35.4 +1.9 37.7 16th 19.5 +3.0 15.1 17th 127.2 8.8 highest 1445%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 34.5   38.1 11th 22.8   16.6 20th 0.8 1.3 high 62%
Century Mine 35.2   40.3 13th 21.3   14.9 20th 19.4
Cloncurry Airport 32.6 -0.6 38.8 13th 19.5 +3.0 12.7 20th 35.2 7.2 v high 489%
Croydon Township 35.6 +1.3 38.1 16th 22.9 +3.7 16.5 20th 34.8 5.5 v high 633%
Julia Creek Airport 33.7 -0.3 39.2 13th 18.7 +4.3 12.8 6th 23.0 3.2 v high 719%
Kowanyama Airport 37.0 +2.5 38.5 25th 22.1 +3.2 19.7 3rd 10.6 2.7 v high 393%
Mornington Island 32.0 +1.7 34.8 28th 23.5 +3.0 19.4 20th 3.2 1.3 v high 246%
Mount Isa Aero 31.3 +0.1 37.9 9th 17.4 +3.2 11.1 20th 16.2 6.9 high 235%
Normanton Airport 35.9 +1.2 39.1 14th 23.4 +3.5 17.7 20th 49.8 9.7 v high 513%
Sweers Island 30.6 +0.9 33.2 15th 23.7 +2.0 17.5 20th 20.5 5.5 high 373%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 35.1   38.6 11th 21.2   17.5 2nd 35.4
Hughenden Airport 32.3 0.0 37.1 13th 18.9 +3.7 13.0 30th 89.0 11.6 v high 767%
Richmond Airport 33.2 -0.1 38.3 14th 18.1 +3.2 14.3 7th 38.6 4.0 v high 965%
Richmond Post Office 33.0 +0.7 38.4 14th 18.9 +5.0 15.0 20th 39.4 6.5 v high 606%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 29.9 +1.9 31.5 17th 22.5 +3.8 18.4 16th 90.2 34.2 v high 264%
Cape Flattery 30.0   31.2 29th 24.4   22.3 1st 22.4
Cooktown Airport 29.5 +0.8 31.0 28th 23.9 +3.2 18.5 16th 25.0 7.5 v high 333%
Kairi Research Station 26.2 +1.4 29.6 29th 17.3 +4.6 11.2 16th 27.3 18.6 high 147%
Low Isles Lighthouse 29.7 +1.2 31.0 18th 23.8 +2.0 22.9 20th 172.0 37.1 highest 464%
Mareeba Airport 29.7 +1.0 33.3 16th 18.5 +3.3 14.3 3rd 8.2 4.7 high 174%
Walkamin Research Station 28.3 +1.2 31.5 29th 18.3 +3.5 14.2 16th 20.0 8.7 high 230%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 28.9 +1.3 31.8 17th 21.2 +5.0 16.3 20th 207.1 39.2 v high 528%
Ingham Composite 29.0 +0.6 32.2 15th 20.8 +4.8 16.5 3rd 183.9 42.2 v high 436%
Innisfail 28.6 +1.9 30.3 29th 21.7 +4.8 19.1 16th 313.7 86.8 v high 361%
Lucinda Point 26.7 +0.8 28.7 29th 22.7 +1.9 20.0 3rd 151.4 27.5 highest 551%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 28.4 +1.4 30.3 29th 21.2 +4.6 17.9 3rd 163.6 84.7 high 193%
Townsville Aero 29.0 +1.3 30.8 16th 22.1 +4.8 17.4 3rd 78.2 10.9 v high 717%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 28.1 +1.0 30.0 17th 22.2 +3.5 17.7 3rd 108.0 18.5 v high 584%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 28.8 +0.8 33.3 15th 19.9 +5.0 15.5 2nd 99.6 10.9 highest 914%
Bowen Airport 28.2 +0.8 30.0 16th 20.1 +3.7 13.9 2nd 137.2 12.6 highest 1089%
Collinsville Post Office 30.6 +1.0 34.1 15th 18.5 +4.9 11.9 3rd 56.2 11.6 highest 484%
Hamilton Island Airport 26.0   29.4 29th 21.7   19.6 2nd 175.0 34.2 v high 512%
Mackay Aero 26.2 +0.5 29.8 29th 19.0 +4.5 12.6 1st 289.2 28.8 highest 1004%
Mackay M.O 25.9 +0.6 30.1 29th 19.8 +3.2 15.0 1st 234.4 20.4 highest 1149%
Proserpine Airport 28.5 +0.1 35.0 15th 19.2 +4.9 12.9 2nd
Samuel Hill Aero 25.7 -0.5 32.2 15th 17.0 +5.4 11.6 3rd 155.8 53.2 v high 293%
St Lawrence 27.2   33.1 15th 18.4   12.0 1st 81.8
St Lawrence Post Office 27.5 +0.5 33.5 15th 18.6 +4.3 13.5 1st 76.6 26.6 v high 288%
Williamson 27.3   32.4 15th 17.8   11.6 12th 87.2
Woolshed 25.4 -0.3 30.2 15th 18.4 +3.3 15.0 6th 86.6 21.1 v high 410%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 24.6 +0.2 30.9 10th 18.6 +3.1 13.9 3rd 156.0 38.9 v high 401%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 29.9 -0.3 33.5 15th 18.5 +3.3 12.9 1st 55.1 12.1 v high 455%
Moranbah Water Treatment Plant 28.6 -0.7 33.2 15th 17.3 +3.2 12.8 1st 60.7 9.3 highest 653%
Central Highlands (district 35)
Brigalow Research Stn 25.0 -2.2 30.2 3rd 14.0 +3.1 9.4 12th 165.2 35.7 v high 463%
Clermont Airport 27.6   33.1 14th 15.5   8.5 2nd 185.0
Clermont Sirius St 27.0 -1.8 33.0 14th 15.9 +3.8 11.4 2nd 175.8 20.4 v high 862%
Emerald Airport 26.1 -3.0 32.6 14th 15.6 +2.0 11.1 1st 167.6 32.1 v high 522%
Rolleston Airport 25.3   31.4 14th 14.1   7.4 1st 250.6
Springsure Comet St 24.9 -2.7 31.0 14th 14.9 +3.7 9.9 11th 324.6 30.2 highest 1075%
Tambo Post Office 25.3 -2.1 31.1 14th 12.9 +3.9 5.5 7th 257.4 21.4 highest 1203%
Taroom Post Office 24.8 -1.9 30.6 14th 13.5 +3.2 8.8 12th 182.3 32.2 v high 566%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 27.5 -1.2 33.3 14th 16.4 +3.1 11.4 7th 152.0 16.2 highest 938%
Blackall Airport 26.3 -3.4 32.6 14th 14.9 +2.3 8.4 6th 201.8 30.1 v high 670%
Isisford Post Office 28.2 -1.1 35.6 9th 16.0 +3.9 8.0 6th 140.2 15.3 highest 916%
Longreach Aero 28.8 -1.4 36.0 13th 15.8 +3.3 9.7 6th 51.4 10.9 v high 472%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 33.0 +0.7 39.0 13th 17.9 +2.8 11.8 20th 12.4 6.0 high 207%
The Monument Airport 29.2 -2.6 38.1 9th 15.3 +0.9 9.9 20th 38.2 6.1 v high 626%
Trepell Airport 30.5 -1.5 37.7 13th 16.1 +1.3 9.2 6th 10.8 3.4 high 318%
Urandangi 30.1 -1.2 39.0 9th 14.0 +1.0 9.9 19th 27.5 6.4 v high 430%
Winton Airport 30.7   38.0 13th 17.2   11.8 6th 51.0
Winton Post Office 30.3 -0.7 37.2 13th 17.8 +4.5 12.3 6th 47.0 9.1 v high 516%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie Police Station 25.2 -5.7 32.6 8th 13.1 -0.7 7.8 7th 128.0 8.0 highest 1600%
Birdsville Airport 25.1 -5.3 34.6 1st 13.2 -0.7 8.2 21st 52.8 6.5 v high 812%
Boulia Airport 26.9 -3.3 38.1 9th 15.5 +1.9 9.9 20th 88.1 7.6 highest 1159%
Windorah Post Office 26.0 -2.4 34.5 13th 13.6 +1.5 7.9 7th 56.3 10.6 v high 531%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Baralaba Post Office 26.4 -2.1 31.5 14th 15.2 +3.4 10.7 2nd 160.7 25.9 highest 620%
Bundaberg Aero 25.8 +0.4 29.3 29th 15.6 +1.9 10.6 2nd 129.8 38.3 v high 339%
Gayndah Airport 25.4   30.3 3rd 13.9   8.2 2nd 191.0
Gladstone Airport 25.8 -0.2 31.3 15th 17.5 +1.9 13.3 3rd 124.2 33.9 v high 366%
Gladstone Radar 26.5 0.0 30.9 15th 18.3 +1.9 15.6 18th 130.2 28.2 highest 462%
Lady Elliot Island 24.8 +1.1 27.4 28th 19.9 +1.2 15.2 2nd 164.4 39.7 v high 414%
Monto Township 24.8 -1.4 30.1 14th 12.9 +3.3 6.7 12th 124.0 25.0 highest 496%
Rockhampton Aero 26.9 -0.4 31.4 14th 17.8 +4.2 12.5 3rd 146.2 24.5 highest 597%
Rundle Island 23.2 +0.1 26.8 28th 19.9 +0.7 17.9 1st
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 25.2 +0.9 27.8 7th     11.6 8th 118.2 52.4 v high 226%
Seventeen Seventy 24.0 -0.1 27.4 11th 17.6 +0.6 14.9 18th 143.2 40.1 v high 357%
Thangool Airport 25.7 -2.5 30.5 3rd 13.7 +3.8 7.4 2nd 155.4 25.6 highest 607%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 24.9 -0.6 29.8 29th 13.0 +3.5 6.2 2nd 107.0 34.1 v high 314%
Archerfield Airport 24.6 -0.5 28.1 29th 14.3 +3.4 9.3 1st 70.0 36.2 high 193%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 24.5   28.6 29th 12.6   6.8 16th 88.6
Beerburrum Forest Station 24.9 -1.2 28.3 27th 14.5 +2.6 8.9 8th 103.4 47.7 high 217%
Brisbane 24.8 -1.0 28.4 2nd 15.5 +1.8 11.6 8th 103.6 33.3 v high 311%
Brisbane Aero 23.5 -0.7 26.3 28th 14.9 +2.2 9.9 2nd 78.4 35.4 high 221%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 22.7 +1.3 25.3 3rd 17.9 +2.0 14.0 7th 83.8 65.5 average 128%
Coolangatta 24.0 +0.9 27.9 2nd 15.1 +1.7 9.7 16th 67.2 42.2 high 159%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 24.2 +1.6 27.8 29th 18.2 +1.7 15.7 18th 142.4 51.6 v high 276%
Gold Coast Seaway 24.3 +0.5 28.1 28th 16.3 +1.5 12.5 1st 94.2 46.6 high 202%
Gympie 25.5 -0.6 29.8 3rd 13.6 +3.4 6.6 2nd 109.2 46.3 v high 236%
Hervey Bay Airport 24.9 +0.1 28.9 15th 15.3 +1.0 10.2 1st 109.6 44.7 v high 245%
Jimna Forestry 21.5 -2.2 26.4 3rd 11.0 +1.9 3.9 8th 113.4 35.3 v high 321%
Kingaroy Airport 22.7 -2.5 28.5 3rd 11.4 +3.3 3.9 12th 139.4 34.1 v high 409%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 24.6 -0.5 28.2 2nd 14.8 +2.4 10.6 1st 68.2 47.5 high 144%
Maleny Tamarind St 21.8 -1.1 26.0 3rd 13.9 +1.6 9.8 7th 106.6 65.1 high 164%
Maryborough 25.6 0.0 28.7 27th 14.3 +2.2 8.9 2nd 130.8 43.4 v high 301%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 24.6   28.4 3rd 15.2   9.4 8th 114.8
Point Lookout 24.2 +0.5 26.9 4th     12.6 7th 83.5 62.9 high 133%
Rainbow Beach 24.3 +0.1 27.8 29th       203.4 69.2 v high 294%
Redcliffe* 23.4 -0.6 26.2 2nd 15.8 +1.9 11.4 7th 97.4 30.2 v high 323%
Sunshine Coast Airport 24.3 +0.2 27.6 15th 14.6 +1.7 9.6 8th 88.6 63.6 high 139%
Tewantin RSL Park 24.0 -0.3 28.4 15th 15.7 +1.3 11.2 8th 115.6 65.8 average 176%
Toolara (Kelly) 25.0 -1.9 29.0 27th 15.7 +1.1 12.2 18th 172.6 63.5 v high 272%
University of Queensland Gatton 24.8 -0.7 29.6 3rd 13.4 +3.9 6.7 8th 111.4 35.6 v high 313%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 18.1 -0.8 23.1 28th 8.4 +2.6 0.9 7th 131.0 43.9 highest 298%
Dalby Airport 22.8 -2.8 28.4 3rd 12.0 +3.2 6.0 8th 78.0 32.6 v high 239%
Goondiwindi Airport 22.2 -3.2 29.0 3rd 11.4 +2.1 4.9 18th 139.2 32.7 highest 426%
Inglewood Forest 22.1 -3.6 28.3 3rd 11.3 +0.4 5.0 18th 158.6 36.7 v high 432%
Oakey Aero 22.1 -1.7 28.5 3rd 11.2 +4.0 3.9 8th 98.4 32.5 v high 303%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 18.8 -0.7 23.9 28th 8.8 +3.7 1.4 7th 125.0 52.1 v high 240%
Texas Post Office 22.3 -2.1 28.7 3rd 10.8 +3.0 2.9 18th 134.8 40.1 v high 336%
Toowoomba Airport 20.2 -2.2 25.6 3rd 11.6 +1.0 6.1 18th 92.6 39.2 high 236%
Warwick 20.7 -3.0 25.9 28th 10.4 +3.3 4.2 7th 117.2 37.6 v high 312%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 23.6 -3.1 30.1 3rd 12.4 +2.0 5.8 12th 89.0 28.2 v high 316%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 23.9 -2.2 31.0 14th 12.0 +3.9 5.3 12th 132.0 26.6 highest 496%
Mitchell Post Office 24.2 -1.5 30.6 9th 11.2 +3.7 5.5 30th 134.6 26.9 v high 500%
Roma Airport 23.7 -3.0 30.5 14th 11.9 +2.4 5.4 30th 132.0 26.3 highest 502%
St George Airport 23.4 -3.3 29.9 14th 11.9 +1.1 4.8 30th 79.4 28.2 high 282%
Surat 23.5 -2.2 30.1 14th 12.2 +2.9 5.3 30th 113.6 29.4 v high 386%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 23.9 -1.7 29.8 27th 11.4 +2.2 4.6 18th 58.5 24.5 high 239%
Charleville Aero 24.0 -2.0 30.4 13th 12.0 +2.1 5.5 7th 57.2 23.6 high 242%
Cunnamulla Post Office 23.8 -1.8 30.7 27th 12.3 +1.6 5.3 18th 36.2 18.3 high 198%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 24.2   32.8 1st 12.0   7.1 6th 63.0 9.9 v high 636%
Quilpie Airport 24.6 -2.4 30.5 27th 12.8 +1.1 7.4 7th 54.1 14.1 v high 384%
Thargomindah Airport 23.9 -4.1 31.8 2nd 12.4 -0.8 7.6 6th 46.2 8.3 v high 557%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 October 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 9 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

* The data for September 2010 at this site has been compared to another nearby site with a longer record.

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