Tuesday, 2 October 2007 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC13R0

South Australia in September 2007
Very dry and warm September over much of the State.

Summary

September rainfall was below to very much below average over all of the state. Temperatures were significantly above average, particularly for maximum temperatures, with some stations reaching record September mean maximum temperatures.

Rainfall

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall over the Pastoral Districts was very much below average. Many locations in the North West and Far North districts recorded no rainfall and across the district these totals placed them in the lowest 10 to 20 percent of all September monthly rainfall reports. The highest total was 7 mm at Nonning. Falls were slightly higher in the North East district but still only around 5 mm, with the highest being 7 mm at Gluepot.

Agricultural Districts

Rainfall totals over the Agricultural districts were generally below to very much below average. Totals were generally 20−30 mm in the southern Agricultural districts, with totals of 10−20 mm in the Western Agricultural district, the Riverland and the Murray Mallee. The Mount Lofty Ranges and the Lower South East generally recorded totals of 40 to 50 mm. The highest total was 111 mm at Mount Lofty.

Some sites had their lowest total September rainfall on record.

See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

Maximum

Maximum temperatures were generally 2 to 3°C above average across the state with many stations recording their highest September mean maximum temperatures. These included Adelaide Airport, Warooka, Elliston and Murray Bridge PO.

Temperatures in the Pastoral Districts ranged from 23.0°C at Yunta in the Northeast district to 28.6°C at Oodnadatta in the Far North district. The highest temperature recorded in the Pastoral districts was 40.7°C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 25th, which was a new record for that station, eclipsing the previous record of 40.5°C from September 1980.

Maximum temperatures over the agricultural Districts ranged from 16.0°C at Parawa in the Mount Lofty Ranges to 25.8°C at Port Augusta in the Western Agricultural district, which also had the warmest temperature in the agricultural districts of 36.6°C on the 26th.

Minimum

Minimum temperatures were generally about 0.5 to 1°C above normal over the state.

Mean minimum temperatures in the Pastoral districts ranged from 6.1°C at Gluepot in the North East district to 13.1°C at Marree in the Far North district. The lowest temperature recorded in the Pastoral districts was −2.5°C at Yunta on the 5th.

Mean minimum temperatures in the agricultural districts ranged from 4.4°C at Yongala in the Upper North to 11.2°C at Streaky Bay. The lowest temperature recorded in the Agricultural districts for was −3.1°C at Murray Bridge on the 5th. Ceduna has its lowest September minimum on record on the 1st with −1.2°C.

Some sites had their highest September temperature on record.

Some sites had their highest September mean daily maximum temperature on record.

See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.

Some sites had their lowest September temperature on record.

Some sites had their highest September mean daily minimum temperature on record.

See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Significant Weather

Severe winds

The passage of a front on Sunday, 16 September resulted in a severe gust to 91 km/h at Lameroo and gale force winds at Yunta. No significant damage has been reported.

Wednesday, 19 September saw the passage of another front, which resulted in severe wind gusts at Edithburgh, Woomera and Naracoorte, and gale force winds at Hindmarsh Island. No significant damage has been reported.

A vigorous post-frontal air-stream in the early hours of Wednesday 26 September caused wind gusts to 100 km/h and gale force winds at Marree. No significant damage has been reported.

A front moved across South Australia in the afternoon and evening of Thursday 27 September, which produced severe wind gusts at Port Lincoln, Mount Crawford, and Hindmarsh Island. Gale force winds were observed at Port Lincoln and Mount Crawford.

Following the front of the previous day, a ridge of high pressure moved quickly over the Bight in the morning of Friday 28 September and produced a strong and gusty airstream with severe gusts at Robe, Cape Jaffa, Mount Gambier and Cape Willoughby (WSW direction so thought to be not from funnelling). No significant damage has been reported.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
40.7°C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 25th
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
28.6°C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
16.0°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
10.4°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower on the 11th
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
−3.1°C at Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) on the 5th
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
4.4°C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
13.1°C at Marree Comparison
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
22.6°C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 25th
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
78.2 mm at Mount Crawford Fire Tower
Highest wind gust
107 km/h at Cape Willoughby on the 27th

Records

Record lowest total September rainfall
Total rainfall
for September 2007 (mm)
Previous lowest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Angaston 10.2 11.0 in 1944 124 62.8



Record highest September mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for September 2007 (°C)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Adelaide Airport 20.8 20.6 in 2006 53 18.0
Elliston 22.0 21.8 in 2006 46 19.1
Murray Bridge Comparison 22.5 22.3 in 2006 42 19.7
Cape Willoughby 17.6 17.5 in 2001 39 15.7



Record highest September temperature
Highest temperature
in September 2007 (°C)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Oodnadatta Airport 40.7 on the 25th 40.5 on the 30th in 1980 58 26.5



Record highest September mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for September 2007 (°C)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Marree Comparison 13.1 12.4 in 1999 68 9.7



Record lowest September temperature
Lowest temperature
in September 2007 (°C)
Previous lowest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Ceduna AMO −1.2 on the 1st −1.1 on the 10th in 1952 67 7.8



Summaries

 In the following table, certain key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to identify.

Summary statistics for September 2007
Maximum temperatures
for September
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for September
(°C)
Rainfall
for September
(millimetres)
Mean for
September
2007
Diff
from
normal
Highest for
September
2007
Mean for
September
2007
Diff
from
normal
Lowest for
September
2007
Total for
September
2007
Normal
for
September
Rank of
September
2007
Fraction of
September
normal
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 26.4 +2.0 36.9 25th 10.5 +0.1 4.2 5th 0.0 13.1 lowest 0%
Coober Pedy Airport 26.9 38.4 25th 10.9 5.2 11th 0.0
Ernabella 28.2 35.4 25th 12.3 5.1 27th 0.0
Nonning 24.1 +2.7 35.1 25th 7.0 +0.2 1.3 21st 7.4 24.7 low 30%
Roxby Downs 25.9 36.6 25th 8.8 0.0 5th 0.0
Tarcoola Aero 26.3 32.5 18th 7.1 1.7 20th 0.0
Woomera Aerodrome 25.3 +2.8 36.1 25th 9.7 +0.3 5.8 5th 0.2 15.2 very low 1%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 25.4 +2.2 35.4 25th 10.0 +0.6 4.9 21st 0.2 16.1 very low 1%
Marree Aero 27.3 38.2 25th 10.5 4.7 5th 0.0
Marree Comparison 27.8 +2.2 37.9 25th 13.1 +3.5 5.3 5th 0.0 10.2 lowest 0%
Moomba Airport 27.9 38.0 25th 11.3 6.2 12th 0.0
Oodnadatta Airport 28.6 +2.1 40.7 25th 12.5 +1.1 3.9 5th 0.0 9.2 lowest 0%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 25.0 +3.7 33.8 18th 7.6 −0.2 −1.2 1st 5.6 28.1 very low 20%
Cleve 22.6 +3.3 33.2 25th 9.8 +1.3 3.9 1st 11.6 42.1 very low 28%
Cleve Aerodrome 22.7 34.2 25th 9.0 1.8 1st 12.6 36.2 very low 35%
Coulta 20.6 31.3 22nd 8.4 2.6 1st 18.0
Cummins Aero 22.2 33.5 25th 5.7 −1.5 2nd 22.4
Elliston 22.0 +2.9 31.8 22nd 9.5 +0.1 1.6 1st 16.7 39.5 low 42%
Kimba 22.7 +2.5 34.2 25th 7.8 +0.9 3.0 20th 11.8 36.9 low 32%
Kyancutta 24.6 +2.8 35.0 25th 6.6 +0.3 −1.4 4th 8.2 31.6 very low 26%
Minnipa DPI 23.9 35.3 25th 8.7 2.3 20th 6.0
Neptune Island 17.4 +1.2 20.4 25th 12.7 +1.2 10.2 15th 33.4 45.2 low 74%
North Shields 21.0 32.5 25th 7.4 2.5 5th 19.4
Nullarbor 23.9 +1.5 34.0 24th 7.2 −0.7 1.1 1st 2.2 17.5 very low 13%
Port Augusta Aero 25.8 36.6 25th 8.7 2.4 12th 9.4
Streaky Bay 22.4 +2.3 29.6 22nd 11.2 +1.3 4.9 4th 12.2 35.5 low 34%
Whyalla Aero 23.8 +2.6 35.4 25th 8.0 0 0.9 5th 16.2 29.1 low 56%
Wudinna Aero 24.6 36.1 25th 7.4 −0.4 5th 7.0
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 24.0 +2.5 34.3 25th 7.5 +0.8 1.3 1st 4.0 27.9 low 14%
Yongala 20.8 +3.0 30.9 25th 4.4 +0.4 −2.2 1st 14.6 38.5 low 38%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve 23.8 32.5 25th 6.1 −2.0 1st 6.6
Yunta Airstrip 23.0 31.4 25th 6.2 −2.5 5th 2.4
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 19.3 30.8 25th 6.3 −0.7 1st 23.2
Port Pirie Aerodrome 23.7 34.4 25th 8.6 2.0 1st 25.4
Port Pirie Zinifex Comparison 23.9 +2.6 34.0 25th 10.8 +1.1 3.0 5th 21.0 35.7 low 59%
Snowtown 22.7 34.2 25th 5.0 −2.5 5th 21.2
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 19.2 24.2 13th 8.9 1.6 1st 32.2
Kadina AWS 22.1 32.8 25th 6.0 −2.3 5th 18.0
Maitland 20.5 +2.6 31.0 25th 9.6 +1.0 4.2 1st 23.3 49.6 low 47%
Minlaton Aero 20.6 31.9 25th 8.1 1.9 4th 18.6
Stenhouse Bay 19.9 29.6 25th 10.2 4.9 12th 29.0
Warooka 19.6 +2.0 28.0 25th 9.0 +0.3 4.8 5th 25.4 45.9 low 55%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 17.0 22.9 25th 10.0 5.0 15th 33.6
Cape Willoughby 17.6 +1.9 24.7 25th 11.1 +0.8 7.8 20th 40.4 56.4 normal 72%
Kingscote Aero 19.3 26.8 25th 5.4 −2.0 5th 20.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide 20.8 +2.0 30.2 25th 10.8 +1.2 5.0 2nd 22.6 61.6 very low 37%
Adelaide Airport 20.8 +2.7 31.0 25th 10.0 +1.1 1.7 5th 20.8 46.5 low 45%
Edinburgh RAAF 21.3 +2.5 31.8 25th 9.0 +1.0 0.4 5th 26.0 48.1 low 54%
Parafield Airport 21.6 +2.9 31.0 25th 9.2 +1.0 0.2 5th 23.8 44.0 low 54%
Roseworthy AWS 21.7 32.3 25th 6.4 −2.4 5th 35.4
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 19.4 29.0 25th 7.2 −1.0 1st 38.8
Rosedale 20.9 +2.7 30.2 25th 7.4 +0.8 0.0 2nd 28.3 53.3 low 53%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 20.0 29.2 25th 9.6 1.4 5th 34.6
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 17.3 25.4 25th 8.5 3.7 4th 45.8
Mount Barker 18.6 +2.2 26.0 25th 6.7 +0.9 −0.1 15th 45.4 85.5 low 53%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 16.1 25.3 25th 7.8 1.9 4th 78.2
Noarlunga 19.9 30.5 25th 10.7 5.6 15th 25.6
Parawa 16.0 25.9 25th 8.6 4.5 4th 63.2
Victor Harbor 19.5 28.5 25th 7.7 0.4 5th 47.0
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 22.7 +2.2 29.7 25th 6.2 −0.1 −1.0 1st 5.8 26.5 lowest 22%
Renmark Aero 23.4 30.9 25th 6.2 −1.4 1st 4.2
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 19.5 +2.6 29.5 25th 6.7 +0.3 1.3 1st 28.2 48.6 low 58%
Meningie 20.1 +2.2 28.8 25th 8.7 +0.4 2.0 4th 42.4 48.1 normal 88%
Murray Bridge 21.6 30.3 25th 4.9 −3.1 5th 22.0
Murray Bridge Comparison 22.5 +2.8 29.6 25th 7.2 0 0.5 2nd 27.8 36.3 normal 77%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 20.3 29.0 25th 7.6 0.4 5th 27.8
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 21.8 29.4 25th 7.3 2.0 21st 23.0 35.2 normal 65%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 20.1 +1.5 27.5 25th 7.9 +0.9 −0.4 4th 36.6 51.2 normal 71%
Keith 20.0 27.7 25th 5.9 −2.9 4th 37.6
Lameroo 20.9 27.8 25th 5.6 −0.7 15th 17.0
Lameroo Comparison 21.3 +2.0 27.9 25th 6.7 +0.8 0.5 15th
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa 17.5 24.1 25th 8.5 1.7 5th 40.0
Coonawarra 18.0 +1.2 24.1 23rd 6.8 +0.3 0.1 4th 39.2 63.9 low 61%
Mount Gambier Aero 17.0 +1.2 22.9 23rd 7.5 +1.2 1.0 25th 69.4 72.6 normal 96%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 18.1 24.9 23rd 6.7 −2.3 4th 55.8
Padthaway South 18.7 25.6 23rd 7.9 −0.3 4th 42.4
Robe Airfield 17.6 23.0 8th 8.2 1.1 5th 41.8
Robe Comparison 17.2 +1.5 21.7 7th 10.3 +1.0 5.0 5th 46.4 59.2 normal 78%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Tuesday 2 October 2007. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Normals are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of "normal" rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, normal in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of normal shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au