BUREAU OF METEOROLOGY

South Australia in 1 January to 31 January 2008

Thursday, 31 January 2008 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC13R0

South Australia in 1 January to 31 January 2008
A hot start to 2008!!

Summary

Rainfall was generally below average across South Australia with some exceptions from thunderstorm activity, mainly in eastern South Australia. The start of the month saw widespread heat-wave conditions through the south of the state, and temperatures remained significantly above average for the month, particularly during the day, despite temperatures closer to average for the remainder of the month.

While nationally it was the warmest January in the area averaged records going back to 1950, it was the seventh warmest for South Australia.

Rainfall

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall over the Pastoral Districts during January was generally below average to very much below average, though some locations were above average from isolated thunderstorm activity.

Rainfall totals were generally less than 5 mm with many locations receiving no rainfall for the month.

The highest rainfall total for January in the Pastoral Districts was 18.0 mm at Tarcoola (Lake Everard) in the North West District.

Agricultural Districts

Rainfall totals over the Agricultural Districts were generally below average, though some locations in the eastern districts and Mount Lofty Ranges were above average due to thunderstorms during the month.

Rainfall totals were typically less than 5 mm, though the Mt Lofty ranges, the South East and the Murray Mallee saw totals more consistently in the 10−15 mm range.

The highest January rainfall reported in the Agricultural Districts was 45.6 mm at Willunga in the Mt Lofty Ranges.

Some sites had their lowest total 1 January to 31 January rainfall on record.

Temperature

Maximum

Mean maximum temperatures were generally 2 to 4°C above average in the Pastoral Districts and 1 to 2°C above average in the agricultural districts.

Mean maximum temperatures across the Pastoral Districts ranged from 34.0°C at Gluepot in the Northeast Pastoral district to 40.9°C at Marree Comparison in the Far North Pastoral district.

Port August Aerodrome recorded the highest maximum with 45.4°C on the 10th.

Mean maximum temperatures across the Agricultural Districts ranged from 21.0°C at Cape Willoughby on Kangaroo Island, to 36.7°C at Hawker in the Upper North district.

Wudinna recorded the highest maximum across the agricultural areas with 44.5°C on the 10th.

Minimum

Mean minimum temperatures were generally 1 to 2°C above average over the state.

Mean minimum temperatures in the Pastoral districts ranged from 16.1°C at Gluepot in the Northeast district to 25.6°C at Moomba Aerodrome in the Far North district.

The lowest recorded minimum temperature in the Pastoral districts was 10.5°C at Marree Comparison in the Far North district on the 18th.

Across the Agricultural areas mean minimum temperatures ranged from 11.4°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower South East district to 20.0°C at Port Augusta Aerodrome.

The lowest recorded minimum temperature in the Agricultural districts was 4.0°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower South East district on the 14th.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
45.4°C at Port Augusta Aero on the 10th
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
40.9°C at Marree Comparison
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
21.0°C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
17.4°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on the 21st
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
4.0°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome on the 14th
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
11.4°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
25.6°C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
31.0°C at Arkaroola on the 11th
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
45.6 mm at Willunga
Highest wind gust
100 km/h at Marree Aero on the 26th

Records

Record lowest total 1 January to 31 January rainfall
Total rainfall
for 1 January to 31 January 2008 (mm)
Previous lowest
for 1 January to 31 January
Years of
record
Normal for
1 January to 31 January
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 0.0 = 0.0 in 1965 126 19.1
Marree Comparison 0.0 = 0.0 in 1999 123 17.6
Farrell Flat 0.0 = 0.0 in 1992 114 21.1
Oodla Wirra 0.0 = 0.0 in 1957 81 25.5
Myponga 0.0 = 0.0 in 1980 80 23.6
Oodnadatta Airport 0.0 = 0.0 in 1996 54 25.5
Cleve Aerodrome 0.0 = 0.0 in 1994 40 14.3


Summaries

 In the following table, certain key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to identify.

Summary statistics for 1 January to 31 January 2008
Maximum temperatures
for 1 January to 31 January
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for 1 January to 31 January
(°C)
Rainfall
for 1 January to 31 January
(millimetres)
Mean for
1 January to 31 January
2008
Diff
from
normal
Highest for
1 January to 31 January
2008
Mean for
1 January to 31 January
2008
Diff
from
normal
Lowest for
1 January to 31 January
2008
Total for
1 January to 31 January
2008
Normal
for
1 January to 31 January
Rank of
1 January to 31 January
2008
Fraction of
1 January to 31 January
normal
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 38.7 +2.4 43.5 10th 23.2 +2.0 17.7 17th 0.2 20.0 very low 1%
Coober Pedy Airport 38.2 43.6 10th 23.1 16.3 13th 0.0
Nonning 35.0 +1.7 43.0 1st 17.1 +0.6 13.8 14th 4.3 15.7 normal 27%
Roxby Downs 38.0 43.5 10th 21.8 17.1 17th 0.6
Tarcoola Aero 37.2 44.2 1st 18.8 13.1 14th 6.6
Woomera Aerodrome 36.7 +2.4 43.3 10th 20.8 +1.5 16.0 17th 0.8 15.5 low 5%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 38.1 +3.2 42.9 1st 22.8 +2.4 17.4 13th 0.0
Marree Aero 40.1 44.5 2nd 23.7 18.4 18th 3.8
Marree Comparison 40.9 +3.2 44.5 2nd 23.1 +1.9 10.5 18th 0.0 17.6 lowest 0%
Moomba Airport 39.9 43.0 15th 25.6 22.6 19th 0.6
Oodnadatta Airport 40.7 +2.9 44.2 30th 25.2 +2.3 18.8 19th 0.0 25.5 lowest 0%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 27.6 −0.9 43.9 10th 15.6 +0.5 8.6 28th 3.6 11.7 low 31%
Cleve 28.0 0 42.5 10th 17.0 +1.3 13.5 12th 0.8 15.9 very low 5%
Cleve Aerodrome 28.3 42.7 10th 16.5 12.6 23rd 0.0 14.3 lowest 0%
Coulta 27.2 38.4 10th 14.5 9.4 12th 6.0
Cummins Aero 29.7 41.7 10th 15.3 9.5 14th 4.2
Elliston 24.7 −1.0 39.3 10th 15.4 −0.3 9.2 12th 2.1 10.0 low 21%
Kimba 32.2 +1.0 42.2 10th 16.2 +0.5 11.2 13th 1.5 16.7 low 9%
Kyancutta 34.1 +1.2 44.3 10th 14.8 +0.5 9.0 14th 5.6 14.1 normal 40%
Minnipa DPI 33.0 43.2 10th 15.6 11.0 14th 0.0
Neptune Island 22.4 +0.4 29.5 10th 16.5 +0.4 15.1 14th 2.2 14.1 low 16%
North Shields 25.9 36.7 10th 16.3 12.6 27th 7.2
Nullarbor 27.2 41.9 10th 16.1 10.6 27th 0.6 9.8 normal 6%
Port Augusta Aero 35.1 45.4 10th 20.0 15.9 17th 0.0
Streaky Bay 28.9 −0.4 42.0 10th 16.7 +0.4 13.5 14th 1.8 10.8 low 17%
Whyalla Aero 30.2 43.5 5th 18.2 13.8 15th 1.6 15.5 low 10%
Wudinna Aero 33.7 44.5 10th 15.3 11.2 14th 12.4
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 36.7 +2.6 42.6 10th 19.9 +2.0 15.0 14th 1.5 19.9 low 8%
Yongala 33.0 +2.3 41.0 10th 15.6 +2.3 10.1 14th 8.8 23.6 normal 37%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve 34.0 43.2 1st 16.1 10.8 23rd 12.3
Yunta Airstrip 34.7 41.3 1st 16.6 11.4 14th 0.4
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 31.5 40.5 10th 15.5 9.4 12th 0.6
Port Pirie Aerodrome 33.5 42.8 10th 17.1 11.8 15th 0.3
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 33.8 +2.0 43.0 10th 18.5 +0.5 13.5 17th 0.0 19.1 lowest 0%
Snowtown 33.2 42.6 10th 14.4 8.3 14th 1.6
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 24.2 36.1 10th 17.0 13.4 12th 3.2
Kadina AWS 32.9 42.3 10th 15.3 10.5 7th 0.8
Maitland 30.1 +1.0 41.1 10th 16.2 +0.5 12.2 7th 6.0 17.6 low 34%
Minlaton Aero 29.4 41.2 10th 15.4 10.8 7th 4.4
Stenhouse Bay 24.9 41.3 10th 16.8 12.9 12th 3.4
Warooka 26.6 −0.4 39.4 10th 16.7 +1.2 13.2 12th 4.4 14.5 normal 30%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 24.8 34.2 10th 14.5 11.4 12th 1.4
Cape Willoughby 21.0 −0.6 37.3 10th 16.2 +0.5 14.8 21st 1.8 18.0 very low 10%
Kingscote Aero 27.1 41.1 10th 14.1 6.8 12th 1.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide 31.1 +2.1 42.1 10th 17.5 +0.5 13.0 12th 9.4 20.6 low 46%
Adelaide Airport 29.0 +1.1 40.8 10th 16.5 +0.7 12.8 15th 11.6 18.1 normal 64%
Edinburgh RAAF 31.5 +2.0 42.0 10th 16.4 +0.2 11.3 12th 3.0 19.9 low 15%
Parafield Airport 31.5 +2.2 41.7 10th 16.2 −0.1 10.5 12th 28.2 22.5 high 125%
Roseworthy AWS 44.4 10th 13.9 5.9 14th 0.4
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 31.1 41.5 10th 14.9 9.3 12th 2.8
Rosedale 32.7 +2.4 43.3 10th 15.8 +0.8 8.9 8th 0.8 17.1 low 5%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 26.7 38.1 10th 13.7 9.6 14th 8.2
Mount Barker 29.5 +2.3 39.8 10th 12.2 −0.1 7.0 15th 10.8 25.7 normal 42%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 28.6 38.9 10th 13.6 7.7 14th 1.8
Noarlunga 28.5 41.3 10th 16.6 11.6 12th 6.6
Parawa 23.8 37.6 10th 13.5 10.1 12th 6.8
Victor Harbor 23.5 41.2 10th 15.0 9.6 23rd 4.6
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 33.3 +1.8 42.8 1st 15.9 +1.4 10.1 15th 11.6 16.9 normal 69%
Renmark Aero 34.1 44.1 10th 16.9 10.5 15th 20.2
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 31.6 +2.6 41.5 1st 15.1 +1.4 9.3 14th 2.2 22.2 low 10%
Meningie 26.6 +0.7 41.1 10th 14.3 +0.4 8.2 14th 5.0 18.4 low 27%
Murray Bridge 30.5 44.1 10th 14.5 8.8 14th 2.8
Murray Bridge Comparison 31.1 +2.2 44.0 10th 15.0 +0.6 9.5 14th 5.0 16.6 low 30%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 27.6 41.7 10th 14.3 9.6 23rd 5.2
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 32.1 42.8 10th 14.2 10.0 14th 6.2 17.1 low 36%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 31.5 +1.8 42.7 10th 14.0 +0.7 7.2 14th 3.0 19.0 low 16%
Keith 31.8 43.1 10th 12.3 4.1 14th 2.4
Lameroo 32.6 43.6 1st 14.6 8.7 14th 5.4
Lameroo Comparison 32.3 +1.4 43.2 1st 15.0 +1.2 9.0 14th 4.2 19.4 low 22%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa 24.8 39.4 10th 13.2 8.8 23rd 1.0
Coonawarra 28.5 40.8 10th 12.2 4.5 14th 24.8 27.4 normal 91%
Mount Gambier Aero 26.6 +1.5 40.0 10th 12.2 +1.1 6.4 12th 6.0 26.6 low 23%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 30.6 43.0 10th 11.4 4.0 14th 8.0
Padthaway South 30.0 41.4 10th 12.5 5.0 14th 11.6
Robe Airfield 24.6 37.7 10th 12.3 4.1 7th 1.6
Robe Comparison 22.3 −0.1 34.1 10th 14.3 +0.7 9.8 12th 2.6 20.2 low 13%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 3 pm on Thursday 31 January 2008. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Normals are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of "normal" rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, normal in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of normal shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au