Friday, 29 February 2008 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC13R0

South Australia in February 2008
Cool though rainfall generally misses the state!!

Summary

Rainfall tended to be below average across South Australia, particularly in the east of the state, while other states generally saw good falls from the ongoing La Nina event.
Temperatures were generally below average across the state in a cooler southerly air-stream. This was due to persistent high pressure systems to the southwest of the Great Australian Bight, and increased cloudiness from the La Nina event. As a result some locations had record lowest daily maximum temperatures for February.

Rainfall

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall over the Pastoral Districts was near to below average.
Some locations in the centre of the state received above average falls in thunderstorm activity near the start of the month.
Rainfall totals were generally less than 5 mm, with Marla, Andamooka and Yunta (Melton) receiving no rainfall for the month.
The highest rainfall total was 34.9 mm at Mount Eba in the North West District.

Agricultural Districts

Rainfall totals over the Agricultural Districts were near average, tending to below average in the east and were typically less than 5 mm, though the Mt Lofty ranges, the South East, Kangaroo Island, and parts of the Eyre Peninsula saw totals more consistently in the 10−15 mm range.
The highest rainfall reported in the Agricultural Districts was 28.4 mm at Parawa on the Fleurieu Peninsula.

Some sites had their lowest total February rainfall on record.
See a map of total rainfall.
See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

Maximum

Mean maximum temperatures were generally 1 to 2°C below average across the state for February 2008.
This is in contrast to last years warmest February in the area averaged record for South Australia, which runs since 1950.
Mean maximum temperatures across the Pastoral Districts ranged from 29.7°C at Yunta in the Northeast Pastoral district to 35.3°C at Marree Comparison in the Far North Pastoral district.
Moomba Airport recorded the highest daily maximum for the month with 43.3°C on the 22nd. Nonning recorded the coolest with 21.4°C on the 22nd.
Both figures were associated with the passage of a cold front during that day.
Mean maximum temperatures across the Agricultural Districts ranged from 20.0°C at Cape Willoughby on Kangaroo Island, to 31.3°C at Hawker in the Upper North district.
Murray Bridge Comparison recorded the highest maximum across the agricultural areas with 40.7°C on the 19th.
The coolest daily maximum was 15.0°C at Mount Crawford on the 20th.
Price on Yorke Peninsula and Minnipa on Eyre Peninsula both recorded record lowest February daily maximum temperatures in 56 and 49 years respectively.

Minimum

Mean minimum temperatures were generally 1 to 2°C below average over the state.
Mean minimum temperatures in the Pastoral districts ranged from 13.8°C at Gluepot in the Northeast district to 22.3°C at Moomba Aerodrome in the Far North district.
The lowest recorded daily minimum temperature in the Pastoral districts was 6.3°C at Gluepot on the 29th.
Across the Agricultural areas mean minimum temperatures ranged from 9.3°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower South East district to 18.1°C at Port Augusta Aerodrome.
The lowest recorded daily minimum temperature in the Agricultural districts and statewide was 1.6°C at Keith in the Upper Southeast district on the 29th.

Some sites had their coldest February day (lowest maximum temperature) on record.
See a map of mean maximum temperatures.
See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.
See a map of mean minimum temperatures.
See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
43.3°C at Moomba Airport on the 22nd
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
35.3°C at Marree Comparison
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
20.0°C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
15.0°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower on the 20th
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
1.6°C at Keith (Munkora) on the 29th
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
9.3°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
22.3°C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
29.6°C at Ceduna AMO on the 19th
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
34.9 mm at Mount Eba
Highest wind gust
83 km/h at Lameroo (Austin Plains) on the 22nd

Records

Record lowest total February rainfall
Total rainfall
for February 2008 (mm)
Previous lowest
for February
Years of
record
Normal for
February
Price 0.0 = 0.0 in 2007 64 20.0
Andamooka 0.0 = 0.0 in 2005 43 22.6



Record lowest February daily maximum temperature
Lowest daily maximum
temperature
in February 2008 (°C)
Previous lowest
for February
Years of
record
Normal for
February
Price 19.9 on the 6th 20.0 on the 5th in 1973 44 28.2



Summaries

In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find.

Summary statistics for February 2008
Maximum temperatures
for February
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for February
(°C)
Rainfall
for February
(millimetres)
Mean for
February
2008
Diff
from
normal
Highest for
February
2008
Mean for
February
2008
Diff
from
normal
Lowest for
February
2008
Total for
February
2008
Normal
for
February
Rank of
February
2008
Fraction of
February
normal
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 33.5 −2.1 39.7 20th 19.6 −1.6 12.4 23rd 0 22.6 lowest 0%
Coober Pedy Airport 33.6   40.7 19th 19.7   14.2 29th 1.6
Marla Police Station 34.7 −1.5 42.0 21st 20.3 −1.1 14.0 11th 0 26.5 very low 0%
Nonning 30.4 −2.5 38.8 19th 16.1 −0.7 10.6 29th 6.9 16.7 normal 41%
Roxby Downs 33.4   39.1 20th 18.8   14.2 11th 1.2
Tarcoola Aero 33.3   42.3 19th 17.3   11.4 24th 0.2
Woomera Aerodrome 31.8 −1.8 38.4 19th 18.1 −1.2 12.9 29th 34.0 19.4 high 175%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola     37.5 20th 17.9 −1.4 13.0 9th 1.1 35.0 low 3%
Leigh Creek Airport 33.0 −1.4 39.1 21st 18.7 −1.7 13.6 29th 21.2 23.0 normal 92%
Marree Aero 34.7   41.4 21st 20.0   13.1 29th 15.0
Marree Comparison 35.3 −1.5 41.7 21st 19.7 −1.3 13.1 29th 22.3 20.7 high 108%
Moomba Airport 34.8   43.3 22nd 22.3   16.3 8th 14.0
Oodnadatta Airport 35.2 −1.4 42.4 21st 20.7 −1.6 14.0 29th 4.2 31.8 normal 13%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 27.0 −1.2 42.1 18th 14.4 −0.7 7.9 27th 7.0 13.0 normal 54%
Cleve 25.5 −2.2 38.2 18th 16.1 +0.1 12.5 10th 6.4 22.0 normal 29%
Cleve Aerodrome 26.0   39.6 19th 15.6   11.3 10th 5.6 17.5 normal 32%
Coulta 26.2   37.2 17th 14.6   9.0 9th 4.6
Cummins Aero 27.4   40.2 18th 15.1   9.3 28th 5.2
Elliston 24.6 −1.0 39.7 19th 15.2 −0.6 10.3 9th 3.6 13.3 normal 27%
Kimba 28.9 −2.2 38.5 19th 15.4 −0.7 10.5 29th 2.6 20.2 normal 13%
Kyancutta 30.8 −1.6 41.6 19th 13.9 −0.5 7.8 10th 14.8 15.0 normal 99%
Minnipa DPI 29.3   40.3 19th 14.8   9.0 10th 21.2
Neptune Island 21.6 −0.6 29.9 18th 16.0 −0.5 14.5 29th 7.8 13.5 normal 58%
North Shields 24.6   37.1 19th 15.9   14.0 7th 9.4
Nullarbor 25.8 −2.1 41.7 18th 15.9 −0.1 11.0 11th 4.8 12.3 normal 39%
Port Augusta Aero 31.1   40.2 19th 18.1   12.1 29th 4.2
Streaky Bay 27.8 −1.3 40.2 18th 15.4 −0.6 10.7 10th 2.8 13.7 normal 20%
Whyalla Aero 27.4 −2.2 40.2 19th 17.4 −0.3 13.1 29th 5.4 25.0 low 22%
Wudinna Aero 30.2   40.4 19th 14.6   8.0 10th 6.0
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 31.3 −2.1 37.4 19th 16.9 −1.1 11.3 7th 1.4 20.4 low 7%
Yongala 28.5 −1.6 35.5 19th 13.0 −0.3 6.5 8th 1.6 20.0 low 8%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve 29.9   37.9 19th 13.8   6.3 29th 0.6
Yunta Airstrip 29.7   35.7 19th 14.1   8.6 9th 1.0
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 27.2   36.7 19th 13.6   7.3 27th 1.0
Port Pirie Aerodrome 30.2   38.8 19th 16.0   9.5 9th 1.4
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 30.3 −1.5 38.5 18th 17.5 −0.3 11.5 9th 1.7 17.8 low 10%
Snowtown 29.5   39.2 19th 13.2   6.3 29th 3.2
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 23.4   37.9 19th 16.1   13.9 8th 7.4
Kadina AWS 28.9   39.2 19th 14.5   7.4 9th 0
Maitland 26.6 −1.7 37.5 19th 15.0 −0.7 11.0 29th 1.2 22.3 low 5%
Minlaton Aero 27.5   38.1 19th 14.9   10.2 28th 2.0
Stenhouse Bay 23.7   38.0 18th 16.0   14.2 29th 17.4
Warooka 24.8 −2.3 37.0 17th 15.4 −0.5 12.5 9th 11.8 16.7 normal 71%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 23.6   33.9 17th 14.3   11.2 28th 12.6
Cape Willoughby 20.0 −1.9 32.0 19th 15.2 −1.0 13.1 9th 12.8 17.9 normal 72%
Kingscote Aero 25.1   36.4 17th 13.2   8.1 28th 24.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide 27.7 −1.6 38.1 19th 16.4 −0.7 11.6 29th 2.6 12.9 low 20%
Adelaide Airport 26.9 −1.2 37.1 17th 15.6 −0.4 10.7 29th 2.6 18.4 low 14%
Edinburgh RAAF 28.5 −1.5 39.2 19th 15.9 −0.6 10.0 25th 0.6 16.1 low 4%
Parafield Airport 28.9 −0.3 38.2 19th 15.4 −1.0 9.0 29th 1.0 17.7 low 6%
Roseworthy AWS 29.0   40.5 19th 13.2   4.0 9th 0
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 27.1   38.2 19th 13.3   7.2 29th 0.4
Rosedale 28.6 −1.9 40.1 19th 14.3 −1.2 5.7 8th 0.2 18.0 low 1%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 23.4   34.7 19th 12.2   7.7 29th 10.8
Mount Barker 26.5 −0.2 37.0 19th 10.7 −1.2 5.2 29th 10.6 25.4 normal 42%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 24.6   36.3 19th 11.9   5.7 29th 2.8
Noarlunga 26.2   36.5 19th 15.6   9.7 29th 3.8
Parawa 21.1   34.2 18th 12.5   9.5 9th 28.4
Victor Harbor 22.2   37.7 19th 13.6   8.9 15th 19.5
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 29.7 −1.6 37.5 19th 13.5 −0.7 8.2 29th 1.0 16.9 low 6%
Renmark Aero 30.3   38.6 19th 14.5   8.8 29th 0.2
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 27.3 −1.7 36.1 19th 13.0 −1.2 7.0 29th 0.4 22.0 very low 2%
Meningie 24.4 −1.9 37.2 17th 12.7 −1.1 7.3 29th 4.4 16.8 normal 26%
Murray Bridge 27.4   40.6 19th 12.7   7.0 29th 5.4
Murray Bridge Comparison 28.1 −1.1 40.7 19th 13.2 −1.4 7.6 8th 2.3 18.2 low 13%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 24.8   38.6 19th 12.8   7.0 29th 13.2
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 28.3   38.9 19th 12.6   6.8 29th 0.2 19.2 very low 1%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 28.0 −1.8 39.8 19th 11.8 −1.3 5.0 29th 1.6 20.1 low 8%
Keith 28.4   39.9 19th 10.2   1.6 29th 2.0
Lameroo 29.0   38.4 19th 12.3   6.1 8th 0.2
Lameroo Comparison 28.6 −1.9 38.4 19th 13.0 −0.5 6.6 8th 2.2 22.2 low 10%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa 23.4   35.2 17th 12.1   7.2 29th 10.0
Coonawarra 25.8 −1.6 37.7 19th 9.9 −1.7 3.3 29th 9.8 17.9 normal 55%
Mount Gambier Aero 24.0 −1.1 38.5 19th 11.5 −0.1 6.1 1st 19.2 26.0 normal 74%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 27.6   39.0 19th 9.3   3.0 9th 4.8
Padthaway South 26.9   38.1 19th 10.2   2.5 29th 4.2
Robe Airfield 22.3   35.3 19th 10.7   3.6 29th 11.4
Robe Comparison 21.3 −1.3 32.1 17th 12.7 −1.0 8.2 29th 13.4 18.6 normal 72%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Friday 29 February 2008. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Normals are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of "normal" rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, normal in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of normal shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au