Monday, 1 December 2008 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0

South Australia in November 2008
Cool and Wet in the North.

Summary

  • Northern South Australia receives well above average rainfall whilst the southeast recorded below average rain.
  • Cooler than average temperatures experienced in the north.

An archive of previous monthly summaries for South Australia is also available, as are summaries for other states and many other climate summaries and diagnostics.

Rainfall

Rainfall in South Australia was mostly above average for November 2008. In the far northern areas of the state near record high rainfall was measured. However, in parts of the Yorke Peninsula, Central and Southeast districts the rainfall was below average.

Pastoral Districts

November rainfall, over the pastoral districts, was between very much above average to near record high amounts. This was the result of several low-pressure troughs, moist northwest airstreams and thunderstorm activity during the second half of the month.

All rainfall recording stations received at least average amounts during November with the many locations receiving between 30 and 50 millimetres. Tieyon in the Northwest district recorded the highest rainfall total of 90.0 mm. The long-term average rainfall over the pastoral districts for November is between 15 and 20 millimetres.

Agricultural Districts

The rainfall during November over the agricultural districts graded from average in the northern regions to below average in the southern areas, mostly notably in the southeast.

Most rainfall totals were in the 10 to 25 millimetre range with some slightly higher, but the central parts of the Yorke Peninsula received under 10 mm.

The highest total was recorded at Quorn in the Upper North district, receiving 80.8 mm for the month.

See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

Maximum

For the majority of the state the mean monthly maximum temperatures for November was between normal and 3°C below average which can be attributed to several low pressure troughs and associated rainfall events occurring mainly in the northern parts of the state, particularly during the latter part of the month. The southern parts of the agricultural areas were just above the long-term average.

In the pastoral districts the mean monthly maximum temperatures ranged from 26.6°C at Yunta in the Northeast Pastoral district to 31.1°C at Oodnadatta and Marree in the north of the state.

Over the agricultural districts the mean monthly maximum temperatures ranged from 18.7°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest) in the Mount Lofty Ranges to 28.7°C at the Port Augusta Aerodrome in the Western Agricultural district.

The highest maximum temperature recorded during November was 42.9°C at Oodnadatta on the 27th, the coldest being 12.6°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest) on the 22nd.

Minimum

Over the state, as a whole, the mean monthly minimum temperatures for November were between normal and two degrees above the long-term normal with isolated areas just below the average.

In the pastoral districts the mean minima ranged from 12.2°C at the Gluepot Reserve and Yunta in the Northeast Pastoral district to 19.9°C at the Moomba Airport in the Far North district.

Over the agricultural districts the mean monthly minimum temperatures ranged from 9.0°C at the Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower Southeast to 15.4°C at the Port Augusta Aerodrome.

The lowest minimum temperature recorded during November was minus 0.2°C at the Naracoorte Airport in the Lower Southeast district on the 17th, whilst the warmest overnight minimum occurred at the Moomba Airport in the Far North district on the 14th with 29.4°C.

See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.

Some sites had their warmest November night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.

See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
42.9°C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 27th
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
31.1°C at Marree Comparison
31.1°C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
18.7°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
12.6°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on the 22nd
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
−0.2°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome on the 17th
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
9.0°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
19.9°C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
29.4°C at Moomba Airport on the 14th
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
90.0 mm at Tieyon
Highest wind gust
152 km/h at Coulta (Coles Point) on the 2nd

Records


Record highest November daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in November 2008 (°C)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Keith 27.0 on the 13th 24.7 on the 25th in 1991 46 9.9



Summaries

In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.

Summary statistics for November 2008
Maximum temperatures
for November
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for November
(°C)
Rainfall
for November
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2008
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2008
Mean for
November
2008
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2008
Total for
November
2008
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2008
Fraction of
November
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 29.4 −2.3 40.1 13th 16.5 −0.4 11.0 22nd 32.3 14.5 very high 223%
Coober Pedy Airport 29.6   42.0 27th 16.8   12.0 8th 29.0
Ernabella 29.4   39.1 27th 17.2   11.1 8th 55.4
Marla Police Station 29.9 −3.1 39.6 12th 18.0 +0.4 11.9 9th 75.5 22.2 very high 340%
Nonning 27.2 −1.6 36.7 12th 13.4 +0.7 6.8 9th 33.1 17.1 high 194%
Roxby Downs 28.8   38.0 27th 16.3   11.2 22nd 32.0
Tarcoola Aero 29.4   40.8 27th 14.8   9.1 9th 26.2
Woomera Aerodrome 28.4 −1.4 39.6 27th 15.4 +0.1 11.1 23rd 43.6 16.9 very high 258%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 28.5 −1.5 37.5 13th 15.2 −0.2 10.0 19th 45.5 16.1 very high 283%
Leigh Creek Airport 29.1 −1.4 39.5 13th 15.8 −0.2 9.9 23rd 31.4 16.7 high 188%
Marree Aero 30.9   39.8 12th 17.3   11.3 9th 37.6
Marree Comparison 31.1 −2.1 39.5 13th 17.3 +0.5 11.3 9th 38.7 11.5 very high 337%
Moomba Airport 30.9   41.3 13th 19.9   14.1 9th 47.0
Oodnadatta Airport 31.1 −2.7 42.9 27th 19.1 +0.6 13.7 9th 46.4 11.9 very high 390%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 25.6 −0.3 40.2 12th 13.3 +1.1 6.3 3rd 23.2 20.0 average 116%
Cleve 24.6 −0.2 36.0 12th 12.6 +0.5 7.4 22nd 17.2 27.5 average 63%
Cleve Aerodrome 25.2   37.4 12th 12.1   7.2 22nd 13.8 21.6 average 64%
Coulta 22.6   36.1 12th 12.6   7.1 16th 29.4
Cummins Aero 23.7   37.0 12th 11.5   5.4 22nd 50.2
Elliston 23.8 +0.4 37.5 12th 13.5 +0.5 8.1 30th 27.1 19.7 high 138%
Kimba 26.1 −0.8 36.5 12th 11.9 0.0 5.2 22nd 13.4 23.6 average 57%
Kyancutta 27.4 −1.1 38.5 12th 11.6 +0.8 4.3 30th 7.0 21.6 low 32%
Minnipa DPI 26.6   37.3 12th 12.2   7.2 9th 22.2
Neptune Island 18.9 −0.2 24.4 11th 13.9 +0.4 10.8 22nd 32.4 19.1 high 170%
North Shields 21.6   31.0 12th 12.8   8.5 30th 52.4
Nullarbor 24.7 −1.1 39.1 11th 12.9 +0.7 6.4 5th 36.6 17.1 very high 214%
Port Augusta Aero 28.7   39.4 12th 15.4   10.6 22nd 32.6
Streaky Bay 24.5 −1.0 36.0 11th 13.8 +0.5 8.9 23rd 23.6 18.9 high 125%
Whyalla Aero 25.7 −0.6 37.8 12th 13.9 +0.1 7.6 9th 8.6 19.6 low 44%
Wudinna Aero 27.1   37.8 12th 12.2   6.9 30th 33.6
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 26.8 −2.4 37.0 27th 13.8 +0.3 8.2 23rd 67.8 22.7 very high 299%
Yongala 24.8 −0.9 35.1 27th 10.1 +1.0 1.5 23rd 38.1 27.8 high 137%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve 27.6   38.3 13th 12.2   5.6 30th 19.7
Yunta Airstrip 26.6   37.4 27th 12.2   5.5 23rd 45.4
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 23.6   33.8 12th 10.4   1.4 23rd 43.8
Port Pirie Aerodrome 27.0   37.4 12th 13.3   5.5 23rd 19.2
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 27.1 −0.6 37.0 12th 15.2 +0.8 9.0 23rd 21.9 23.9 average 92%
Snowtown 26.6   37.6 12th 10.8   0.6 23rd 23.2
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 21.7   31.6 12th 13.0   7.1 10th 19.2
Kadina AWS 25.6   37.7 12th 11.2   5.3 9th 7.2
Maitland 24.2 −0.3 35.0 12th 12.8 +0.9 7.2 23rd 8.1 28.1 low 29%
Minlaton Aero 24.2   37.5 12th 12.0   6.9 23rd 4.2
Stenhouse Bay 20.9   36.3 12th 13.3   10.1 22nd 38.0
Warooka 23.2 −0.1 35.0 12th 12.8 +1.0 9.2 29th 18.6 22.6 average 82%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 18.8   30.7 12th 11.9   8.8 22nd 25.6
Cape Willoughby 19.2 +0.2 32.4 12th 13.2 +0.3 9.5 22nd 33.8 28.4 high 119%
Kingscote Aero 22.3   35.6 12th 10.4   4.4 23rd 23.8
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide 24.7 −0.3 36.6 12th 14.3 +0.4 8.1 22nd 13.8 32.0 low 43%
Adelaide Airport 23.8 0.0 37.5 12th 13.8 +1.2 8.6 23rd 12.2 25.5 low 48%
Edinburgh RAAF 25.4 −0.2 37.7 12th 13.6 +0.9 5.8 23rd 12.2 25.2 low 48%
Parafield Airport 25.8 +0.8 38.3 12th 13.4 +0.7 5.7 23rd 12.2 27.2 low 45%
Roseworthy AWS 25.9   38.5 12th 10.8   1.2 23rd 13.0
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 23.8   34.7 12th 10.3   3.3 23rd 28.6
Rosedale 25.1 −0.5 36.5 12th 11.3 +0.1 2.7 23rd 23.7 28.9 average 82%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 22.3   37.8 12th 12.7   6.7 17th 21.0
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.3   30.5 11th 10.3   5.3 22nd 23.0
Mount Barker 23.1 +0.6 33.5 12th 9.4 +0.6 3.8 23rd 14.4 39.9 low 36%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 21.6   32.8 12th 10.4   4.5 22nd 25.8
Noarlunga 23.0   35.3 12th 13.4   7.2 23rd 13.8
Parawa 18.7   32.3 12th 10.7   6.4 22nd 32.2
Victor Harbor 21.6   37.1 12th 12.0   7.7 17th 23.8
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 26.5 −0.8 37.0 12th 11.6 +0.6 5.3 30th 19.8 21.1 average 94%
Renmark Aero 27.5   39.5 13th 12.4   5.3 30th 32.2
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 23.9 −0.4 34.3 12th 10.9 +0.7 4.1 23rd 33.6 29.8 high 113%
Meningie 23.0 +0.2 35.1 12th 12.0 +0.9 5.2 17th 14.4 27.4 average 53%
Murray Bridge 25.5   38.2 12th 10.9   5.8 17th 13.0
Murray Bridge Comparison 26.5 +1.0 37.7 12th 12.1 +0.8 6.0 23rd 15.6 25.2 average 62%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 23.8   37.1 12th 11.4   4.5 17th 17.4
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 25.9   37.0 12th 11.2   4.5 23rd 26.3 23.7 average 111%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 24.6 −0.2 37.0 12th 11.0 +1.2 3.8 23rd 10.7 31.6 low 34%
Keith 25.0   38.0 12th 9.1   3.0 4th 14.6
Lameroo 25.7   37.6 12th 10.4   4.1 23rd 17.4
Lameroo Comparison 25.8 −0.3 36.9 12th 11.3 +1.4 5.0 23rd 19.6 26.7 average 73%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa 21.0   35.2 12th 11.4   5.2 17th 16.6
Coonawarra 22.2 0.0 35.3 12th 9.2 +0.6 3.8 17th 22.2 34.0 average 65%
Mount Gambier Aero 20.8 +0.5 34.7 12th 9.6 +1.3 1.8 17th 35.4 46.8 average 76%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 23.7   36.2 12th 9.0   −0.2 17th 20.4
Padthaway South 23.5   35.7 12th 10.5   3.1 17th 13.2
Robe Airfield 20.8   34.9 12th 10.9   3.5 17th 11.8
Robe Comparison 19.8 +0.4 30.7 12th 12.2 +0.8 6.9 17th 18.2 30.3 average 60%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Monday 1 December 2008. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au