Monday, 2 March 2009 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0
Much of South Australia's rainfall was either below average or very much below average with southern parts of the Northwest pastoral district receiving near average rainfall. Quite a few places did not receive any rainfall during the month of February thus equalling their lowest on record. Very few places received more than 10 mm.
Only the southern parts of the Northwest pastoral district received near average rainfall for February whilst the rainfall over the remainder of the pastoral districts was in the below to very much below average range. Rainfall totals were mostly less than 2 mm with large areas receiving no rainfall.
The highest total was 8.0 mm at Commonwealth Hill in the Northwest pastoral district.
Rainfall over the agricultural districts was mostly very much below average with the majority of places recording less than 1 mm of rainfall. Several locations, spread throughout the agricultural areas, equalled their lowest recorded rainfall for February, 0 mm. The majority of rainfall amounts were less than 2 mm with only a small number of places with between 5 and 10 mm, which mostly resulted from infrequent thunderstorms.
The highest total was 27.2 mm at Marrabel in the County Light district which is also the highest rainfall total in the state.
Some sites had their lowest total February rainfall on record.
Maximum and minimum temperatures were mostly up to 2°C above average with some areas nearing 3°C above average for February. The first week of the month commenced with the continuation of the heatwave that started late in January after which the temperatures became mostly warm to hot.
As many as 12 places, including Woomera (46.2°C), Mount Barker (41.9°C), Loxton (47.1°C) and others, recorded their highest daily maximum temperature for February.
Mean maximum temperatures over the pastoral districts of the state were near normal in the far northeastern corner of the state up to 3°C above average over most of the Northwest pastoral district, with mean maximum temperatures ranging from 33.5°C at Yunta in the North East district to 39.2°C at Marree in the Far North district. The highest recorded maximum temperature in the pastoral districts for February was 47.5°C at the Gluepot Reserve on the 7th of the month.
Mean maximum temperatures over the agricultural districts of the state were mostly between 1.5 and 3.0°C above the month's long-term average, and ranged from 22.7°C at Neptune Island to 35.0°C at Hawker in the Upper North district. The highest recorded maximum temperature for February in the agricultural areas was 48.2°C at Renmark on the 7th February closely followed by Port Augusta with 48.1°C.
Mean minimum temperatures over the pastoral districts were typically between 1 and 2°C above the long-term average, ranging from 15.0°C at the Gluepot Reserve in the North East district to 24.3°C at Moomba Airport in the Far North district. The lowest recorded minimum temperature for February in the pastoral districts was 7.0°C at the Gluepot Reserve in the North East district on the 25th, with the highest being 33.7°C at Roxby Downs.
Across the agricultural areas the mean minimum temperatures this month were generally between 1 and 2°C above the long-term average, and ranged from 11.6°C at Naracoorte in the Lower Southeast district to 19.8°C at Port Augusta. The lowest recorded daily minimum temperature for February was 1.9°C at Naracoorte on the 25th.
Some sites had their highest February temperature on record.
Some sites had their coldest February day (lowest maximum temperature) on record.See a map of mean maximum temperatures.
|48.2°C at Renmark Aero on the 7th|
|Warmest days on average|
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
|39.2°C at Marree Comparison|
|Coolest days on average|
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
|22.7°C at Neptune Island|
Lowest daily maximum temperature
|16.9°C at Cape Willoughby on the 11th|
|1.9°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome on the 25th|
|Coolest nights on average|
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
|11.6°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome|
|Warmest nights on average|
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
|24.3°C at Moomba Airport|
Highest daily minimum temperature
|33.7°C at Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) on the 7th|
Highest total rainfall
|27.2 mm at Marrabel|
|Highest wind gust||91 km/h at Mount Crawford Fire Tower on the 7th|
|Record lowest total February rainfall|
for February 2009 (mm)
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||0.0||= 0.0||in 2002||133||17.7|
|Streaky Bay||0.0||= 0.0||in 2002||132||13.6|
|Cape Willoughby||0.0||= 0.0||in 1965||128||17.7|
|Hawker||0.0||= 0.0||in 1989||128||20.3|
|Marree Comparison||0.0||= 0.0||in 2007||124||20.5|
|Lyndoch||0.0||= 0.0||in 2008||123||18.9|
|Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)||0.0||= 0.0||in 2007||114||17.9|
|Tailem Bend||0.0||= 0.0||in 2008||102||19.9|
|Finniss||0.0||= 0.0||in 1933||96||21.3|
|Arkaroola||0.0||= 0.0||in 1991||72||34.5|
|Barmera||0.0||= 0.0||in 2002||70||18.1|
|Price||0.0||= 0.0||in 2008||65||19.7|
|Oodnadatta Airport||0.0||= 0.0||in 2007||61||31.3|
|Todmorden||0.0||= 0.0||in 2008||60||24.0|
|Woomera Aerodrome||0.0||= 0.0||in 2005||60||19.1|
|Mount Dare||0.0||= 0.0||in 2007||56||25.4|
|Neptune Island||0.0||= 0.0||in 2002||52||13.3|
|Andamooka||0.0||= 0.0||in 2008||44||22.1|
|Edinburgh RAAF||0.0||= 0.0||in 2007||37||15.7|
|Whyalla Aero||0.0||= 0.0||in 1989||31||24.3|
|Loxton Research Centre||0.0||= 0.0||in 1991||25||16.2|
|Record highest February temperature|
in February 2009 (°C)
|Woomera Aerodrome||46.2||on the 7th||45.6||on the 15th in 1981||60||33.6|
|Lameroo Comparison||46.4||on the 7th||46.2||on the 14th in 2004||53||30.5|
|Mount Barker||41.9||on the 6th||41.8||on the 7th in 1983||53||26.7|
|Yongala||44.0||on the 7th||43.2||on the 14th in 2004||53||30.0|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||45.5||on the 6th||45.2||on the 15th in 1981||51||31.8|
|Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)||46.3||on the 7th||45.6||on the 14th in 2004||48||30.4|
|Eudunda||43.9||on the 7th||43.5||on the 14th in 2004||45||28.9|
|Kimba||44.5||on the 6th||44.1||on the 20th in 1980||42||31.1|
|Nonning||45.5||on the 7th||44.9||on the 20th in 1980||39||32.8|
|Hawker||44.5||on the 7th||44.0||on the 20th in 2004||37||33.4|
|Leigh Creek Airport||45.4||on the 6th||= 45.4||on the 20th in 2004||26||34.4|
|Loxton Research Centre||47.1||on the 7th||45.5||on the 14th in 2004||25||31.2|
|Record lowest February daily maximum temperature|
Lowest daily maximum
in February 2009 (°C)
|Price||19.6||on the 11th||19.9||on the 6th in 2008||45||28.1|
In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.
|Summary statistics for February 2009|
|Northwest (district 16)|
|Coober Pedy Airport||36.8||45.0||6th||22.8||14.8||11th||0|
|Far North (district 17)|
|Leigh Creek Airport||36.8||+2.4||45.4||6th||21.7||+1.4||14.1||11th||0||22.0||very low||0%|
|Western Agricultural (district 18)|
|Port Augusta Aero||34.8||48.1||7th||19.8||12.8||11th||0|
|Upper North (district 19)|
|Northeast (district 20)|
|Lower North (district 21)|
|Clare High School||31.0||43.6||7th||15.1||8.2||11th||0|
|Port Pirie Aerodrome||33.4||45.2||7th||17.0||8.9||11th||0|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||33.4||+1.7||45.5||6th||18.8||+1.0||11.0||11th||0||17.7||lowest||0%|
|Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)|
|Kangaroo Island (district 22B)|
|Adelaide Plains (district 23A)|
|Adelaide Airport||30.0||+1.9||43.1||6th||17.7||+1.7||12.0||12th||0.2||18.1||very low||1%|
|County Light (district 23B)|
|Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)|
|Hindmarsh Island AWS||25.3||41.7||7th||16.1||7.9||25th||0|
|Kuitpo Forest Reserve||27.4||40.8||6th||14.8||9.4||12th||0.4|
|Mount Crawford Fire Tower||28.7||40.9||7th||14.8||7.3||11th||0|
|Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)|
|Loxton Research Centre||33.1||+1.9||47.1||7th||14.9||+0.7||9.2||11th||0||16.2||lowest||0%|
|Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||31.6||+2.4||46.0||7th||14.7||+0.2||0.0||12th||0.4||18.1||very low||2%|
|Murray Mallee (district 25A)|
|Upper Southeast (district 25B)|
|Lower Southeast (district 26)|
|Mount Gambier Aero||26.8||+1.8||35.1||4th||12.4||+0.8||6.1||25th||1.2||25.6||very low||5%|
|Robe Comparison||23.0||+0.5||29.6||26th||14.3||+0.6||8.6||25th||0.4||18.5||very low||2%|
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Monday 2 March 2009. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.