Thursday, 2 April 2009 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0

South Australia in March 2009
A Typical Average Month.

Summary

  • Good rainfall in the west of the state.
  • Monthly average temperature near normal.
  • Tornado observed near Cummins, Eyre Peninsula.

An archive of previous monthly summaries for South Australia is also available, as are summaries for other states and many other climate summaries and diagnostics.

Rainfall

Almost all of South Australia's rainfall recordings were average to above average. Several places, especially in the western areas of the state, received well above their long term average rainfall totals for March.

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall totals in the Northwest pastoral district were mostly between 25 mm and 50 mm with some places recording less than 10 mm but in the Far North district rainfall totals were generally less than 15 mm. Further south, in the Northeast district more than 20 mm were recorded in several locations.

The highest total was 53.2 mm at Yardea in the Northwest pastoral district.

Agricultural Districts

In the Western Agricultural and Lower Southeast districts rainfall totals were mostly above 25 mm with a few places, in the west, receiving more than 50 mm. For the remainder of the agricultural areas the rainfall totals were generally less than 25 mm with some places in the Murray Mallee district recording less than 10 mm.

The highest total was 102.2 mm at Nundroo in the western part of the Western Agricultural district which is also the highest rainfall total in the state.

See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

The average temperature in the north of the state was mostly 0.5°C to 1°C above the long-term average whilst in the remainder of the state the mean temperature was within 0.5°C of the normal for March.

Maximum

Mean maximum temperatures over the pastoral districts of the state graded from within 0.5°C of normal in the Northwest district up to 2°C above average in the northeastern parts of the state, with mean maximum temperatures ranging from 28.5°C at Yunta in the North East district to 36.0°C at Moomba Airport in the Far North district. The highest recorded maximum temperature in the pastoral districts for March was 45.2°C at Moomba Airport on the 3rd of the month.

In the southern agricultural and far southwestern parts of the state the mean maximum temperatures were mainly up to 1°C below the long term normal whilst the remainder of the agricultural districts was up to 1°C above the month's long-term average, and ranged from 19.2°C at Mount Lofty to 30.1°C at Hawker in the Upper North district. The highest recorded maximum temperature for March in the agricultural areas was 38.5°C at Renmark on the 21st closely followed by Edithburgh, on Yorke Peninsula, with 38.0°C.

Minimum

Mean minimum temperatures over the pastoral districts were typically up to 1°C above the long-term average, ranging from 12.1°C at the Gluepot Reserve in the North East district to 21.2°C at Moomba Airport in the Far North district. The lowest recorded minimum temperature for March in the pastoral districts was 5.0°C at the Gluepot Reserve in the North East district on the 28th, with the highest being 30.2°C at the Moomba Airport.

Across the agricultural areas the mean minimum temperatures this month were generally 0.5°C above or below the long-term average, and ranged from 9.3°C at the Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower Southeast district to 17.2°C at the Port Augusta Aerodrome. The lowest recorded daily minimum temperature for March was 0.9°C at Coonawarra on the 29th.

See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.
See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
45.2°C at Moomba Airport on the 3rd
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
35.9°C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
20.7°C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
15.6°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on the 16th
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
0.9°C at Coonawarra on the 29th
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
9.3°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
21.2°C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
30.2°C at Moomba Airport on the 3rd
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
102.2 mm at Nundroo
Highest wind gust
96 km/h at Coober Pedy Airport on the 11th

Summaries

In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.

Summary statistics for March 2009
Maximum temperatures
for March
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for March
(°C)
Rainfall
for March
(millimetres)
Mean for
March
2009
Diff
from
average
Highest for
March
2009
Mean for
March
2009
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
March
2009
Total for
March
2009
Average
for
March
Rank of
March
2009
Fraction of
March
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 32.9 +0.6 43.5 2nd 18.5 +0.4 13.3 4th 5.0 14.0 average 36%
Coober Pedy Airport 31.9   43.9 2nd 18.1   12.9 4th 31.2
Ernabella 32.0   39.6 1st 17.6   12.7 4th 37.0
Nonning 28.9 −0.5 34.6 20th 14.5 +0.2 9.9 18th 7.7 14.5 average 53%
Roxby Downs 32.4   43.2 2nd 17.7   11.4 18th 1.6
Tarcoola Aero 31.4   40.3 2nd 16.1   10.1 4th 15.6
Woomera Aerodrome 30.9 +0.4 40.3 2nd 17.0 +0.2 11.2 4th 7.6 13.3 average 57%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 32.0 +2.0 37.5 3rd 16.1 +0.3 9.0 27th 12.9 28.9 high 45%
Leigh Creek Airport 32.0 +0.7 38.8 2nd 18.1 +0.8 12.0 4th 23.0 16.9 high 136%
Marree Aero 34.7   44.3 2nd 19.4   14.3 18th 2.2
Marree Comparison 35.2 +1.3 44.3 2nd 19.3 +1.3 15.0 4th 2.8 14.0 average 20%
Moomba Airport 35.9   45.2 3rd 21.2   15.8 16th 0
Oodnadatta Airport 35.0 +1.3 44.6 2nd 19.9 +0.7 15.2 4th 5.4 12.0 average 45%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 26.7 0.0 36.6 31st 13.7 +0.6 7.0 28th 39.0 16.4 high 238%
Cleve 25.7 −0.2 36.0 21st 14.3 −0.4 10.2 29th 11.2 20.3 average 55%
Cleve Aerodrome 26.1   36.6 21st 13.8   10.0 23rd 8.2 19.5 average 42%
Coulta 24.8   34.2 21st 13.7   8.9 23rd 36.6
Cummins Aero 26.6   36.6 21st 12.9   6.2 23rd 63.8
Elliston 24.9 +0.7 35.0 31st 14.4 +0.1 8.4 23rd 45.8 14.8 very high 309%
Kimba 27.5 −0.4 34.0 31st 13.7 −0.3 8.6 15th 14.4 15.9 average 91%
Kyancutta 28.9 −1.0 36.8 31st 12.2 −0.1 5.9 23rd 45.3 13.8 very high 328%
Minnipa DPI 27.2   34.7 31st 14.1   10.5 17th 62.2
Neptune Island 21.4 +0.3 27.4 21st 16.2 +0.2 14.2 15th 22.0 19.0 high 116%
North Shields 24.3   37.6 21st 14.3   9.8 20th 23.8
Nullarbor 25.4 −1.3 36.0 31st 14.3 +0.3 10.1 23rd 75.6 21.9 very high 345%
Port Augusta Aero 30.1   37.3 21st 17.2   10.1 4th 24.8
Streaky Bay 27.4 +0.2 35.6 31st 14.6 −0.1 9.8 23rd 28.5 14.6 high 195%
Whyalla Aero 26.8 −0.5 36.4 21st 15.6 +0.2 8.5 29th 9.0 18.6 average 48%
Wudinna Aero 28.2   35.8 31st 12.7   5.6 28th 54.4
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 30.2 0.0 36.0 21st 15.3 +0.5 10.3 15th 3.0 16.1 average 19%
Yongala 27.2 +0.1 32.9 20th 11.3 +0.5 2.9 19th 17.0 16.2 average 105%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve 29.3   37.5 21st 12.1   5.0 28th 1.2
Yunta Airstrip 28.6   35.0 3rd 13.0   6.4 28th 31.6
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 26.2   32.2 21st 12.2   5.7 17th 29.8
Port Pirie Aerodrome 28.8   36.9 21st 14.7   9.2 28th 14.5
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 28.9 −0.6 35.5 31st 16.2 +0.2 11.5 17th 16.4 17.9 average 92%
Snowtown 28.7   35.8 21st 11.3   5.3 23rd 8.4
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 23.4   38.0 21st 15.4   9.3 28th 12.4
Kadina AWS 28.1   36.2 21st 12.4   5.4 28th 5.0
Maitland 26.1 +0.2 34.4 21st 14.7 +0.3 10.5 27th 15.0 20.7 average 72%
Minlaton Aero 26.4   37.9 21st 13.5   7.3 27th 7.6
Stenhouse Bay 23.2   36.4 21st 15.7   12.6 4th 20.4
Warooka 24.7 −0.4 33.5 31st 14.6 0.0 11.0 22nd 12.8 16.1 average 80%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 21.3   27.7 31st 13.5   9.2 23rd 23.6
Cape Willoughby 20.7 +0.1 30.1 21st 15.8 +0.3 12.1 4th 30.2 21.2 high 142%
Kingscote Aero 24.7   34.4 21st 11.0   3.7 23rd 15.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide 26.3 0.0 35.0 21st 15.1 −0.1 10.2 28th 21.4 25.2 average 85%
Adelaide Airport 25.3 −0.1 36.4 21st 14.2 −0.1 8.7 28th 17.4 20.8 average 84%
Edinburgh RAAF 26.8 0.0 36.7 21st 14.2 −0.2 8.5 28th 10.6 23.5 average 45%
Parafield Airport 27.0 +0.2 37.0 21st 14.0 −0.6 7.7 28th 19.8 21.1 average 94%
Roseworthy AWS 27.8   36.9 21st 12.6   4.1 27th 9.0
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 26.1   32.5 21st 12.2   6.1 29th 16.2
Rosedale 27.7 +0.5 34.7 21st 12.7 −0.6 4.5 23rd 13.4 19.9 average 67%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 23.1   36.4 21st 13.8   7.7 28th 14.2
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 23.4   33.7 21st 12.3   9.5 23rd 26.8
Mount Barker 25.9 +1.2 33.6 21st 10.6 +0.2 4.9 28th 33.4 31.1 average 107%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 23.9   31.3 21st 11.9   7.5 27th 19.6
Noarlunga 25.3   34.8 21st 15.0   10.8 23rd 16.0
Parawa 20.8   31.6 21st 12.8   9.8 23rd 39.4
Victor Harbor 22.7   35.4 21st 12.6   4.6 28th 21.0
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 28.6 +0.4 37.5 21st 12.3 +0.5 4.7 28th 0.2 10.5 very low 2%
Renmark Aero 29.1   38.5 21st 13.1   5.1 28th 1.8
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 26.2 +0.6 31.9 13th 12.1 0.0 7.6 18th 12.6 20.3 average 62%
Meningie 24.3 +0.1 32.9 21st 11.8 −0.8 6.7 28th 19.6 22.0 average 89%
Murray Bridge 27.0   35.2 21st 11.6   4.2 28th 5.2
Murray Bridge Comparison 27.6 +1.0 35.0 21st 12.6 −0.3 7.0 28th 8.1 19.9 average 41%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 24.8   32.7 13th 12.5   7.4 18th 12.0
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 27.1   35.6 21st 11.5   5.5 28th 6.0 15.9 average 38%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 26.1 −0.8 36.4 21st 10.8 −0.6 4.2 27th 19.2 20.9 average 92%
Keith 26.7   37.1 21st 9.5   1.7 28th 17.6
Lameroo 27.5   37.2 21st 11.2   4.4 27th 6.0
Lameroo Comparison 27.3 −0.3 33.2 31st 11.8 +0.3 6.6 27th 7.8 18.0 average 43%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa 22.0   29.5 21st 11.9   5.2 28th 24.6
Coonawarra 24.9 −0.1 35.4 21st 9.5 −0.5 0.9 29th 33.4 27.5 average 121%
Mount Gambier Aero 23.1 0.0 34.9 21st 10.7 +0.2 3.2 29th 47.0 35.1 high 134%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 25.5   35.7 21st 9.3   2.3 28th 39.6
Padthaway South 25.2   36.1 21st 10.1   3.6 28th 43.8
Robe Airfield 22.3   32.2 21st 10.4   1.8 28th 34.6
Robe Comparison 20.9 −0.1 25.9 21st 12.3 −0.4 6.5 29th 37.2 26.6 high 140%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Thursday 2 April 2009. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au