Thursday, 2 July 2009 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0

South Australia in June 2009
Mild, good rain for agriculture.

Summary

  • Good rainfall over most of the agricultural districts.
  • Warmer than average temperatures over the state.
  • Gale force gusty winds on the 30th during passage of a cold front.

An archive of previous monthly summaries for South Australia is also available, as are summaries for other states and many other climate summaries and diagnostics.

Rainfall

Rainfall during June over South Australia ranged from very much below average in the northern central inland areas to above and very much above average over the remainder of the state whilst in the lower south eastern parts of the state the rainfall was below average.

The rainfall during the first 6 months of the year has been below average over the northern and eastern areas of South Australia whilst large areas of the agricultural districts, including Yorke Peninsula and to the western border, have received at least average rainfall amounts. The Lower Southeast district rainfall is in the very much below average range.

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall in the pastoral districts ranged from very much below average, over the central areas, to average over the areas in the south and west of the state's pastoral districts. Most rainfall totals were less than 15 mm with some isolated locations recording rainfall between 30 and 50 millimetres, namely Yardea (52 mm), Nonning (31 mm), Blinman (50 mm) and Gluepot Reserve (38 mm).

The highest total was 52.0 mm at Yardea in the southern part of the Northwest district.

Agricultural Districts

Over the agricultural districts rainfall totals were mainly average to above average, but some areas of the Lower Southeast district received below average rainfall. Some coastal areas of the Western Agricultural district recorded very much above average rainfall for the month. Over the central areas of the agricultural districts rainfall totals of between 50 and 100 millimetres were common, whilst the outer areas received less than 50 mm. The coastal strip of the western Eyre Peninsula and the western half of Kangaroo Island recorded in excess of 100 mm of rain up to 161.2 mm at Flinders Chase (Rocky River), on Kangaroo Island, which is also the highest rainfall total in the state.

Rainfall, so far, during the growing season (April to October) has been mostly average except for the Lower Southeast district were the accumulated rainfall has been below average. Some areas of the Western Agricultural district, on the Eyre Peninsula, have received above average rainfall during the past 3 months.

See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

The state experienced above average temperatures during June. Most of the state was within 1°C above the long-term average but some areas were marginally above 1°C mainly over the far inland areas; however the overall mean temperature for the state was 0.9°C above the normal for June.

Maximum

The mean maximum temperature over the majority of the state was within 0.5°C, above or below, of the June long-term average, with some areas in the north eastern border areas just over 1°C above the normal.

In the pastoral districts of the state the mean maximum temperatures ranged from 15.7°C at Yunta Airstrip in the North East district to 20.8°C at Marree Comparison in the Far North district. The highest recorded maximum temperature in the pastoral districts for June was 27.8°C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 29th of the month. Yunta Airstrip recorded the lowest maximum temperature of 11.4°C on the 12th.

In the agricultural districts the mean maximum temperature ranged from 10.6°C at Mount Lofty to 18.8°C at Nullarbor in the Western Agricultural district. The highest recorded maximum temperature for June in the agricultural areas was 23.9°C at Nullarbor on the 11th closely followed by Ceduna with 23.4°C on the 29th.

Minimum

Over most of the state the mean minimum temperature was above the long-term average with some locations, mostly coastal, being below. Places in the far western and south eastern parts of the state recorded mean minimum temperatures mainly within 1°C above the long-term average with the remaining areas being up to 2°C above the normal monthly mean minimum temperature.

In the pastoral districts of the state the mean minimum temperatures ranged from 5.3°C at Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) in the North East district to 8.1°C at Moomba Airport in the Far North district. The lowest recorded minimum temperature for June in the pastoral districts was minus 2.6°C at Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) in the North East district on the 11th. The highest minimum was 18.4°C at Coober Pedy Airport on the 30th, which is its highest minimum temperature recorded during June at that location.

The mean minimum temperatures in the agricultural regions this month ranged from 4.6°C at Yongala in the Upper North district to 12.8°C at Neptune Island, followed by 11.5°C at Cape Willoughby on Kangaroo Island. The lowest recorded daily minimum temperature for June was minus 2.1°C at Loxton Research Centre on the 11th.

See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies. See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Wind

Gale force wind gusts occurred during the passage of a cold front associated with an intense low pressure system to the south of the state on the 30th. Over 100 km/h wind gusts were recorded at 12 locations throughout the state the highest being 115 km/h at Whyalla and 113 km/h at both Loxton Research Centre and Nuriootpa Viticultural.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
30.5°C at Moomba Airport on the 30th
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
21.0°C at Marree Comparison
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
12.2°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
9.0°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower on the 14th
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
−2.6°C at Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) on the 11th
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
4.6°C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
12.8°C at Neptune Island
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
18.4°C at Coober Pedy Airport on the 30th
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
161.2 mm at Flinders Chase (Rocky River)
Highest wind gust
115 km/h at Whyalla Aero on the 30th

Summaries

In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.

Summary statistics for June 2009
Maximum temperatures
for June
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for June
(°C)
Rainfall
for June
(millimetres)
Mean for
June
2009
Diff
from
average
Highest for
June
2009
Mean for
June
2009
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
June
2009
Total for
June
2009
Average
for
June
Rank of
June
2009
Fraction of
June
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 19.5 +0.9 25.6 30th 7.6 +0.7 2.8 23rd 12.4 15.6 average 79%
Coober Pedy Airport 19.1   26.1 29th 7.4   2.6 23rd 2.4
Ernabella 18.2   24.5 29th 6.1   −0.4 19th 5.6
Nonning 16.8 +0.1 21.0 29th 6.8 +2.2 1.5 19th 30.7 26.9 average 114%
Roxby Downs 18.9   24.5 30th 7.6   1.5 19th 5.6
Tarcoola Aero 18.9   24.3 29th 7.1   0.9 21st 12.0
Woomera Aerodrome 18.1 +0.7 23.4 30th 7.3 +0.5 5.0 19th 15.0 16.2 average 93%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 18.1 +1.3 24.0 29th 6.2 +1.7 0.6 12th 6.2 14.7 average 42%
Leigh Creek Airport 17.7 +0.7 24.8 30th 6.6 +1.2 1.5 18th 12.4 17.7 average 70%
Marree Aero 20.2   27.7 30th 6.4   2.9 18th 1.8
Marree Comparison 21.0 +1.5 28.0 30th 6.7 +0.8 3.3 18th 0.1 13.8 low 1%
Moomba Airport 20.6   30.5 30th 8.1   2.5 12th 0.6
Oodnadatta Airport 20.9 +1.0 28.4 30th 7.9 +1.4 3.4 19th 0.6 12.3 low 5%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 18.4 +0.2 23.4 29th 8.0 +1.6 1.0 1st 41.0 35.1 average 117%
Cleve 16.2 +0.2 21.0 29th 8.7 +0.7 5.1 1st 63.2 46.4 high 136%
Cleve Aerodrome 16.2   21.3 29th 8.6   4.3 1st 49.0 41.9 average 117%
Coulta 16.6   19.6 29th 8.2   5.0 17th 105.0
Cummins Aero 16.7   20.2 29th 7.0   2.4 18th 116.8
Elliston 17.9 +0.8 21.5 29th 8.9 +0.5 3.5 17th 136.5 72.6 very high 188%
Kimba 15.6 −0.5 19.8 29th 6.9 +1.1 2.8 23rd 63.0 39.8 high 158%
Kyancutta 17.3 −0.5 20.8 29th 6.8 +1.5 1.6 1st 72.7 38.5 high 189%
Minnipa DPI 16.2   20.2 29th 8.1   4.9 1st 74.0
Neptune Island 16.6 +0.6 18.6 29th 12.8 +0.6 10.7 23rd 82.0 66.9 high 123%
North Shields 17.1   19.6 28th 8.7   5.7 18th 92.8
Nullarbor 18.7 −0.1 23.9 11th 6.7 +0.4 1.5 1st 23.8 30.1 average 79%
Port Augusta Aero 18.2   23.9 30th 7.8   2.8 23rd 25.4
Streaky Bay 17.4 +0.3 20.3 4th 9.9 +0.8 2.0 6th 146.5 62.6 very high 234%
Whyalla Aero 17.6 +0.4 22.7 30th 7.8 +1.8 2.7 19th 34.8 25.5 high 136%
Wudinna Aero 17.1   21.0 29th 7.5   1.7 1st 66.2
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 16.0 −0.4 21.0 29th 6.6 +2.1 2.0 16th 31.4 38.6 average 81%
Yongala 13.5 −0.2 19.0 30th 4.6 +1.8 −1.0 11th 52.0 39.5 high 132%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve 17.5   24.4 30th 5.3   −2.6 11th 38.1
Yunta Airstrip 15.9   22.5 30th 5.7   −2.1 18th 16.4
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 13.5   17.7 30th 5.7   −0.2 11th 93.2
Port Pirie Aerodrome 16.7   21.0 29th 7.8   3.0 21st 63.3
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 17.2 0.0 21.0 29th 9.9 +1.5 5.5 21st 66.2 40.8 high 162%
Snowtown 15.8   20.4 29th 6.4   1.7 21st 71.8
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 15.4   16.7 2nd 8.2   4.9 18th 63.4
Kadina AWS 16.1   18.6 29th 7.5   2.1 21st 81.8
Maitland 15.3 −0.1 18.0 29th 8.8 +1.0 7.0 10th 116.1 68.6 high 169%
Minlaton Aero 16.2   18.7 29th 8.3   5.5 1st 85.8
Stenhouse Bay 16.4   18.2 29th 10.4   6.4 21st 80.8
Warooka 16.1 +0.2 18.0 4th 9.2 +0.7 6.5 1st 105.2 64.9 high 162%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 15.4   17.4 29th 10.5   7.6 10th 117.2
Cape Willoughby 15.3 +0.4 18.6 29th 11.5 +0.8 8.3 9th 63.4 75.8 average 84%
Kingscote Aero 16.3   18.4 29th 6.6   0.9 21st 82.0
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide 16.5 +0.4 19.3 29th 8.6 +0.5 3.5 11th 52.0 80.5 average 65%
Adelaide Airport 16.1 +0.2 18.9 29th 8.1 +0.5 4.2 18th 38.4 55.6 average 69%
Edinburgh RAAF 16.2 +0.3 18.5 29th 7.4 +0.6 3.4 18th 55.0 53.6 average 103%
Parafield Airport 16.4 +0.7 18.8 29th 7.0 −0.1 2.2 18th 43.0 54.7 average 79%
Roseworthy AWS 16.3   19.8 30th 7.5   4.3 18th 50.4
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 14.4   19.2 29th 6.2   0.5 11th 57.6
Rosedale 16.0 +0.4 20.0 30th 7.1 +0.9 2.7 11th 69.1 56.3 high 123%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 16.1   21.0 29th 8.0   3.1 18th 37.2
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 13.7   17.4 29th 7.5   3.5 11th 55.2
Mount Barker 15.0 +1.3 18.4 29th 5.8 +0.6 0.6 11th 75.7 99.8 average 76%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 12.2   16.5 29th 6.9   4.4 10th 46.4
Noarlunga 15.7   19.3 29th 9.5   5.7 11th 49.4
Parawa 12.8   15.6 29th 8.1   4.1 11th 109.8
Victor Harbor 16.3   20.9 29th 7.0   1.9 18th 47.4
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.8 +0.5 24.4 30th 5.1 +0.4 −2.1 11th 9.6 26.6 low 36%
Renmark Aero 17.0   24.8 30th 5.6   −2.1 11th 23.8
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.9 +0.2 18.1 30th 6.3 +0.6 0.9 11th 69.2 52.2 high 133%
Meningie 15.6 0.0 18.8 30th 7.6 +0.6 3.0 18th 51.8 61.7 average 84%
Murray Bridge 16.2   21.3 30th 5.5   0.1 18th 33.8
Murray Bridge Comparison 16.9 +0.2 21.7 30th 6.0 0.0 1.5 11th 36.5 37.9 average 96%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 16.1   20.9 29th 7.1   2.6 18th 46.8
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 16.2   22.5 30th 5.6   1.0 17th 45.7 35.5 high 129%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 16.0 +0.4 20.0 30th 6.7 +0.7 0.9 17th 49.0 52.7 average 93%
Keith 16.0   20.5 30th 6.2   0.5 17th 49.8
Lameroo 15.5   22.6 30th 5.7   1.6 11th 22.0
Lameroo Comparison 16.0 +0.5 22.4 30th 6.1 +0.9 1.3 11th 27.8 40.9 average 68%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa 14.5   16.3 5th 7.2   3.5 19th 68.0
Coonawarra 14.7 +0.2 17.3 22nd 6.0 +0.5 −0.7 17th 54.8 74.7 average 73%
Mount Gambier Aero 14.1 +0.3 16.4 21st 6.0 +0.2 0.6 17th 56.2 83.0 low 68%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 15.0   20.3 30th 6.2   −0.1 17th 46.4
Padthaway South 15.4   20.1 30th 6.1   0.0 17th 54.2
Robe Airfield 15.3   18.0 29th 6.2   0.5 16th 82.0
Robe Comparison 14.2 −0.1 16.7 29th 8.6 −0.2 4.2 16th 82.4 95.3 average 86%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Thursday 2 July 2009. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au