Monday, 30 November 2009 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0
South Australia in November 2009: Hottest November on record, with well above average rainfall!!
- During the first 3 weeks of the month, an extended period of well above average temperatures prevailed, resulting in the hottest state-wide November on record, and almost all individual locations having record warmest Novembers by large margins.
- Many locations, including Adelaide, Hawker, Ceduna, Leigh Creek, Marree, Streaky Bay, Woomera, Kimba and Eudunda, also recorded highest November daily maximum temperatures, with some overnight minimum temperature daily November records at some stations.
- After a generally very dry first 3 weeks, the month as a whole saw above average rainfall across most of the state as a result of moisture infeed from the tropics and thunderstorm activity, apart from coastal areas which recorded closer to average rainfall.
The majority of rainfall totals recorded in the pastoral areas were above average. Some parts of these areas received their highest November rainfall since records began. Rainfall totals were predominantly between 30mm and 70mm, with some totals in excess of 100mm. Erudina in the North East Pastoral district recorded a total of 137.0mm being the highest November rainfall in the state.
The year to date rainfall over parts of the Far North pastoral district is below average while most of the Northwest pastoral areas have received average rainfall to the end of November.
Large areas of the agricultural districts received near or above average rainfall totals during November, however below average totals were recorded over coastal areas of the Western Agricultural district.
Rainfall totals of more than 50mm were recorded over parts of the Lower and Upper Southeast, Mount Lofty Ranges and the Upper and Lower North districts. The western coastal regions generally recorded less than 25mm during November. Rainfall recordings in the remainder of the agricultural districts were generally in the 20 to 50 millimetre range. Mount Bryan, in the Lower North district, recorded the highest total of 119.4mm.
The year to date rainfall is generally average to above average across most of the agricultural districts except in small areas of the Upper Murray Valley, Murray Mallee and eastern parts of the Upper Southeast districts where the rainfall is below average for the year so far.
Some sites had their highest total November rainfall on record. Some sites had their highest total November rainfall for at least 25 years. See a map of rainfall deciles.
For South Australia as a whole the monthly mean November 2009 temperature is the hottest November in the area averaged record which goes back to 1950, being 3.3°C above the average.
For the South Australian agricultural areas, the monthly mean November temperature (the average of the maximum and minimum temperatures) was 4.5°C above the average. This is 2°C above the previous record of 2.5°C in 1959.
Throughout the state, many locations experienced their first recorded heatwave during November with maximum temperatures soaring to more than 45°C in several locations. A special media release for the South Australian heatwave conditions is here.
These heatwave conditions were part of a period of well above average temperatures that extended across southeastern Australia. A media release for this period can be viewed here.
The mean maximum temperatures for November over the agricultural and some of the pastoral districts were the highest ever recorded at all but a few locations; these few locations were mostly within 0.5°C of their records.
In the Pastoral districts the mean maximum temperatures ranged from 32.1°C at the Yunta Airstrip to 36.6°C at the Moomba Airport. Mean maximum temperatures over the Agricultural districts ranged from 22.6°C at Neptune Island to 33.9°C at the Port Augusta Airport.
The highest daily maximum temperature recorded during November 2009 was 47.4°C at Marree on the 18th. The lowest was 13.3°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on the 4th of November.
Some sites had their highest November temperature on record. Some sites had their highest November mean daily maximum temperature on record. Some sites had their highest November mean daily maximum temperature for at least 25 years.
Record mean minimum temperatures in the state for November 2009 occurred at almost all temperature recording locations. Most were between 3°C and 4°C above their November means with a few as high as 5°C above the average.
Mean minimum temperatures in the pastoral areas ranged from 15.5°C at the Gluepot Reserve to 21.7°C at the Moomba Airport. Over the agricultural districts mean monthly minimum temperatures ranged from 11.2°C at Keith (Munkora) to 18.9°C at Port Pirie.
The lowest minimum temperature recorded during October was 1.3°C at Keith (Munkora) in the Upper Southeast district on the 6th. Moomba Airport recorded the warmest overnight temperature with 31.1°C on the 20th of November.
Some sites had their lowest November temperature on record. Some sites had their warmest November night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record. Some sites had their highest November mean daily minimum temperature on record.
|Extremes in November 2009|
|Hottest day||47.4 °C at Marree Comparison on the 18th|
|Warmest days on average||36.6 °C at Moomba Airport|
|Coolest days on average||22.6 °C at Neptune Island|
|Coldest day||13.3 °C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on the 4th|
|Coldest night||1.3 °C at Keith (Munkora) on the 6th|
|Coolest nights on average||
11.2 °C at Keith (Munkora)|
11.2 °C at Kingscote Aero
|Warmest nights on average||21.7 °C at Moomba Airport|
|Warmest night||31.1 °C at Moomba Airport on the 20th|
|Wettest overall||136.8 mm at Erudina|
|Highest wind gust||117 km/h at Cape Willoughby on the 19th|
|Record highest total November rainfall|
for November 2009 (mm)
|Curnomona (Curnamona)||119.2||114.5||in 1920||129||16.2|
|Mount Bryan||119.4||94.5||in 1920||112||29.0|
|Swan Reach||67.4||61.4||in 1906||112||19.2|
|The Twins Station||66.6||59.6||in 1950||79||11.1|
|Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill)||56.6||51.8||in 1979||68||15.0|
|Burra Community School||72.0||69.2||in 1961||49||27.4|
|Whyalla Aero||60.6||48.2||in 1998||30||20.7|
|Highest total November rainfall for at least 25 years|
for November 2009 (mm)
Most recent higher
|Overland Corner||84.4||146.8||in 1903||102||20.7|
|Mount Eba||80.0||112.0||in 1920||89||12.9|
|Manna Hill||56.8||61.2||in 1958||51||17.5|
|Port Broughton||48.4||56.5||in 1971||37||21.7|
|Tarcoola (Lake Everard)||56.5||85.8||in 1977||32||19.8|
|Booleroo Centre||89.4||128.9||in 1977||31||28.4|
|Coober Pedy||41.4||84.2||in 1977||31||12.2|
|Woomera Aerodrome||46.4||79.8||in 1979||30||17.3|
|Record highest November temperature|
in November 2009 (°C)
|Marree Comparison||47.4||on the 18th||46.1||on the 30th in 1982||71||33.2|
|Ceduna AMO||46.5||on the 19th||45.9||on the 25th in 1997||69||25.9|
|Woomera Aerodrome||44.9||on the 19th||44.4||on the 29th in 2006||61||29.7|
|Adelaide Airport||43.1||on the 19th||41.9||on the 30th in 1962||55||23.8|
|Parafield Airport||44.1||on the 19th||= 44.1||on the 30th in 1993||53||25.0|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||44.0||on the 15th||42.8||on the 30th in 1962||52||27.6|
|Streaky Bay||42.9||on the 14th||42.8||on the 29th in 1962||52||25.5|
|Yongala||41.8||on the 18th||40.8||on the 30th in 1993||52||25.7|
|Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)||44.0||on the 19th||43.8||on the 30th in 1993||48||25.6|
|Elliston||44.0||on the 19th||43.3||on the 29th in 2006||47||23.4|
|Eudunda||41.5||on the 19th||40.6||on the 24th in 1982||45||24.3|
|Meningie||41.1||on the 19th||40.9||on the 25th in 1997||44||22.8|
|Kimba||43.5||on the 19th||43.2||on the 25th in 1997||43||27.0|
|Andamooka||45.1||on the 16th||44.2||on the 25th in 1991||41||31.6|
|Edinburgh RAAF||44.5||on the 19th||44.3||on the 30th in 1993||38||25.5|
|Hawker||44.0||on the 18th||41.5||on the 28th in 2006||37||29.2|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||43.0||on the 19th||42.0||on the 30th in 1993||33||24.9|
|Arkaroola||44.4||on the 18th||43.5||on the 30th in 1982||32||30.0|
|Leigh Creek Airport||45.2||on the 18th||43.7||on the 29th in 2006||26||30.4|
|Loxton Research Centre||43.0||on the 18th||42.4||on the 25th in 1997||26||27.3|
|Whyalla Aero||45.5||on the 19th||44.6||on the 25th in 1997||25||26.3|
|Record highest November mean daily maximum temperature|
Mean daily maximum
for November 2009 (°C)
|Robe Comparison||24.4||22.0||in 2000||125||19.5|
|Mount Barker||28.8||26.8||in 1982||107||22.5|
|Lameroo Comparison||31.2||30.0||in 1982||94||26.1|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||32.5||31.3||in 1927||86||27.6|
|Streaky Bay||30.4||29.2||in 2007||82||25.5|
|Ceduna AMO||30.5||29.1||in 1980||68||25.9|
|Mount Gambier Aero||26.4||24.2||in 1959||67||20.3|
|Woomera Aerodrome||33.5||33.1||in 1982||60||29.7|
|Adelaide Airport||30.1||26.9||in 2003||54||23.8|
|Parafield Airport||32.4||28.9||in 2007||52||25.0|
|Neptune Island||22.6||20.9||in 1982||47||19.1|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||32.2||29.0||in 1982||43||25.5|
|Cape Willoughby||23.6||20.7||in 1982||42||19.0|
|Nonning||32.4||= 32.4||in 1982||40||28.7|
|Edinburgh RAAF||32.3||28.9||in 2000||37||25.5|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||31.1||28.0||in 2007||32||24.9|
|Arkaroola||32.9||= 32.9||in 1982||31||30.0|
|Loxton Research Centre||32.8||30.4||in 2007||25||27.3|
|Highest November mean daily maximum temperature for at least 25 years|
Mean daily maximum
for November 2009 (°C)
Most recent higher
|Record highest November daily minimum temperature|
Highest daily minimum
in November 2009 (°C)
|Streaky Bay||25.9||on the 15th||25.6||on the 30th in 1962||52||13.3|
|Neptune Island||20.7||on the 14th||19.5||on the 27th in 2004||47||13.5|
|Cape Willoughby||22.3||on the 10th||22.0||on the 1st in 1987||43||12.9|
|Arkaroola||30.3||on the 20th||30.0||on the 28th in 2006||32||15.4|
|Record lowest November temperature|
in November 2009 (°C)
|Marla Police Station||5.4||on the 22nd||7.0||on the 12th in 1990||25||17.6|
|Record highest November mean daily minimum temperature|
Mean daily minimum
for November 2009 (°C)
|Robe Comparison||14.4||13.9||in 2000||125||11.4|
|Lameroo Comparison||14.5||13.6||in 2000||94||10.0|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||18.9||18.3||in 2000||86||14.3|
|Streaky Bay||17.1||15.7||in 2000||82||13.3|
|Marree Comparison||20.5||19.5||in 2003||70||16.7|
|Ceduna AMO||15.6||14.3||in 1963||68||12.2|
|Mount Gambier Aero||11.8||11.2||in 2000||67||8.3|
|Woomera Aerodrome||19.3||18.4||in 2000||60||15.3|
|Adelaide Airport||16.7||16.3||in 2000||54||12.7|
|Parafield Airport||16.4||15.4||in 2000||52||12.7|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||14.5||14.0||in 2000||43||11.3|
|Cape Willoughby||16.0||14.7||in 2000||42||12.9|
|Edinburgh RAAF||16.7||15.7||in 2000||37||12.7|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||18.0||17.1||in 2000||32||13.9|
|Leigh Creek Airport||19.6||18.3||in 2000||25||16.0|
|Loxton Research Centre||15.0||14.2||in 2000||25||11.0|
|Summary statistics for November 2009|
|Northwest (district 16)|
|Coober Pedy Airport||33.6||44.4||19th||19.9||12.4||4th||34.0|
|Marla Police Station||34.6||+1.8||44.0||17th||17.7||+0.1||5.4||22nd||38.8||22.9||high||169%|
|Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome)||33.9||45.0||19th||19.0||12.5||4th||0|
|Woomera Aerodrome||33.5||+3.8||44.9||19th||19.3||+4.0||11.0||4th||46.4||17.3||v high||268%|
|Far North (district 17)|
|Leigh Creek Airport||33.5||+3.1||45.2||18th||19.6||+3.6||11.2||4th||76.0||19.1||v high||398%|
|Marree Comparison||35.7||+2.5||47.4||18th||20.5||+3.7||13.5||4th||42.0||11.7||v high||359%|
|Western Agricultural (district 18)|
|Coulta (Coles Point)||28.4||42.6||19th||15.7||6.5||5th||7.2|
|North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS)||27.1||43.4||19th||13.7||7.9||24th||12.6|
|Port Augusta Aero||33.9||46.3||19th||18.7||9.8||6th||55.8|
|Upper North (district 19)|
|Northeast (district 20)|
|Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot)||33.3||45.0||18th||15.5||6.9||5th||54.8|
|Lower North (district 21)|
|Clare High School||29.5||40.6||19th||14.7||5.1||4th||46.4|
|Port Pirie Aerodrome||32.6||44.0||19th||16.9||6.9||5th||45.2|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||32.5||+4.9||44.0||15th||18.9||+4.5||9.5||5th||46.4||24.1||high||193%|
|Snowtown (Rayville Park)||32.4||44.8||19th||13.7||3.8||6th||40.6|
|Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)|
|Kangaroo Island (district 22B)|
|Adelaide Plains (district 23A)|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||31.1||+6.2||43.0||19th||18.0||+4.1||10.4||5th||43.6||31.8||high||137%|
|County Light (district 23B)|
|Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)|
|Hindmarsh Island AWS||27.4||38.6||12th||15.3||6.4||6th||15.8|
|Kuitpo Forest Reserve||27.0||39.3||19th||14.9||7.5||5th||56.0|
|Mount Crawford Fire Tower||27.4||39.7||19th||14.9||6.1||5th||68.0|
|Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)||25.5||38.4||19th||14.0||7.9||6th||65.8|
|Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay)||27.0||41.3||19th||12.8||5.9||7th||34.0|
|Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)|
|Loxton Research Centre||32.8||+5.6||43.0||18th||15.0||+4.0||6.2||6th||46.6||22.4||v high||208%|
|Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)|
|Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome)||32.0||43.4||19th||12.9||4.7||6th||32.0|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||32.2||+6.7||43.0||19th||14.5||+3.2||7.2||6th||47.7||25.4||high||188%|
|Murray Mallee (district 25A)|
|Upper Southeast (district 25B)|
|Lameroo (Austin Plains)||31.7||41.6||19th||13.7||5.0||5th||68.8|
|Lameroo Comparison||31.2||+5.1||41.2||11th||14.5||+4.5||7.2||5th||53.8||26.9||v high||200%|
|Lower Southeast (district 26)|
|Cape Jaffa (The Limestone)||24.1||37.2||19th||12.9||7.1||6th||32.8|
|Mount Gambier Aero||26.4||+6.1||35.0||11th||11.8||+3.5||3.6||6th||54.0||46.9||average||115%|
A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Monday 30 November 2009. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.