South Australia in November 2009: Hottest November on record, with well above average rainfall!!

This statement was prepared before all data for the period were available. This may affect some of the statistics presented.
  • During the first 3 weeks of the month, an extended period of well above average temperatures prevailed, resulting in the hottest state-wide November on record, and almost all individual locations having record warmest Novembers by large margins.
  • Many locations, including Adelaide, Hawker, Ceduna, Leigh Creek, Marree, Streaky Bay, Woomera, Kimba and Eudunda, also recorded highest November daily maximum temperatures, with some overnight minimum temperature daily November records at some stations.
  • After a generally very dry first 3 weeks, the month as a whole saw above average rainfall across most of the state as a result of moisture infeed from the tropics and thunderstorm activity, apart from coastal areas which recorded closer to average rainfall.

Rainfall

Pastoral Districts

The majority of rainfall totals recorded in the pastoral areas were above average. Some parts of these areas received their highest November rainfall since records began. Rainfall totals were predominantly between 30mm and 70mm, with some totals in excess of 100mm. Erudina in the North East Pastoral district recorded a total of 137.0mm being the highest November rainfall in the state.

The year to date rainfall over parts of the Far North pastoral district is below average while most of the Northwest pastoral areas have received average rainfall to the end of November.

Agricultural Districts

Large areas of the agricultural districts received near or above average rainfall totals during November, however below average totals were recorded over coastal areas of the Western Agricultural district.

Rainfall totals of more than 50mm were recorded over parts of the Lower and Upper Southeast, Mount Lofty Ranges and the Upper and Lower North districts. The western coastal regions generally recorded less than 25mm during November. Rainfall recordings in the remainder of the agricultural districts were generally in the 20 to 50 millimetre range. Mount Bryan, in the Lower North district, recorded the highest total of 119.4mm.

The year to date rainfall is generally average to above average across most of the agricultural districts except in small areas of the Upper Murray Valley, Murray Mallee and eastern parts of the Upper Southeast districts where the rainfall is below average for the year so far.

Some sites had their highest total November rainfall on record. Some sites had their highest total November rainfall for at least 25 years. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

For South Australia as a whole the monthly mean November 2009 temperature is the hottest November in the area averaged record which goes back to 1950, being 3.3°C above the average.

For the South Australian agricultural areas, the monthly mean November temperature (the average of the maximum and minimum temperatures) was 4.5°C above the average. This is 2°C above the previous record of 2.5°C in 1959.

Throughout the state, many locations experienced their first recorded heatwave during November with maximum temperatures soaring to more than 45°C in several locations. A special media release for the South Australian heatwave conditions is here.

These heatwave conditions were part of a period of well above average temperatures that extended across southeastern Australia. A media release for this period can be viewed here.

Maximum temperature

The mean maximum temperatures for November over the agricultural and some of the pastoral districts were the highest ever recorded at all but a few locations; these few locations were mostly within 0.5°C of their records.

In the Pastoral districts the mean maximum temperatures ranged from 32.1°C at the Yunta Airstrip to 36.6°C at the Moomba Airport.  Mean maximum temperatures over the Agricultural districts ranged from 22.6°C at Neptune Island to 33.9°C at the Port Augusta Airport.

The highest daily maximum temperature recorded during November 2009 was 47.4°C at Marree on the 18th. The lowest was 13.3°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on the 4th of November.

Some sites had their highest November temperature on record. Some sites had their highest November mean daily maximum temperature on record. Some sites had their highest November mean daily maximum temperature for at least 25 years.

Minimum temperature

Record mean minimum temperatures in the state for November 2009 occurred at almost all temperature recording locations. Most were between 3°C and 4°C above their November means with a few as high as 5°C above the average.

Mean minimum temperatures in the pastoral areas ranged from 15.5°C at the Gluepot Reserve to 21.7°C at the Moomba Airport. Over the agricultural districts mean monthly minimum temperatures ranged from 11.2°C at Keith (Munkora) to 18.9°C at Port Pirie.

The lowest minimum temperature recorded during October was 1.3°C at Keith (Munkora) in the Upper Southeast district on the 6th. Moomba Airport recorded the warmest overnight temperature with 31.1°C on the 20th of November.

Some sites had their lowest November temperature on record. Some sites had their warmest November night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record. Some sites had their highest November mean daily minimum temperature on record.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in November 2009
Hottest day 47.4 °C at Marree Comparison on the 18th
Warmest days on average 36.6 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 22.6 °C at Neptune Island
Coldest day 13.3 °C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on the 4th
Coldest night 1.3 °C at Keith (Munkora) on the 6th
Coolest nights on average 11.2 °C at Keith (Munkora)
11.2 °C at Kingscote Aero
Warmest nights on average 21.7 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 31.1 °C at Moomba Airport on the 20th
Wettest overall 136.8 mm at Erudina
Highest wind gust 117 km/h at Cape Willoughby on the 19th

Record highest total November rainfall
Total rainfall
for November 2009 (mm)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Curnomona (Curnamona) 119.2 114.5 in 1920 129 16.2
Mount Bryan 119.4 94.5 in 1920 112 29.0
Swan Reach 67.4 61.4 in 1906 112 19.2
The Twins Station 66.6 59.6 in 1950 79 11.1
Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) 56.6 51.8 in 1979 68 15.0
Burra Community School 72.0 69.2 in 1961 49 27.4
Nildottie 57.8 48.5 in 1973 44 21.9
Whyalla Aero 60.6 48.2 in 1998 30 20.7

Highest total November rainfall for at least 25 years
Total rainfall
for November 2009 (mm)
Most recent higher
for November
Years since
higher
Average for
November
Overland Corner 84.4 146.8 in 1903 102 20.7
Sutherlands 80.1 102.5 in 1903 100 21.9
Blinman 103.8 148.5 in 1920 89 22.0
Erudina 136.8 145.6 in 1920 89 17.3
Laura 82.2 101.5 in 1920 89 31.0
Mount Eba 80.0 112.0 in 1920 89 12.9
Melrose 106.8 128.4 in 1939 70 36.9
Manna Hill 56.8 61.2 in 1958 51 17.5
Peake 72.6 83.9 in 1964 44 25.8
Koonamore 83.2 109.1 in 1970 39 18.0
Kokatha 56.8 72.9 in 1971 37 16.8
Port Broughton 48.4 56.5 in 1971 37 21.7
Hawker 85.4 103.6 in 1977 32 23.2
Tarcoola (Lake Everard) 56.5 85.8 in 1977 32 19.8
Yongala 60.2 115.7 in 1977 32 28.0
Appila 93.8 102.6 in 1977 31 28.6
Booleroo Centre 89.4 128.9 in 1977 31 28.4
Coober Pedy 41.4 84.2 in 1977 31 12.2
Gladstone 77.6 84.2 in 1977 31 29.8
Woomera Aerodrome 46.4 79.8 in 1979 30 17.3
Yudnapinna 66.4 71.2 in 1977 29 16.0



Record highest November temperature
Highest temperature
in November 2009 (°C)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Marree Comparison 47.4 on the 18th 46.1 on the 30th in 1982 71 33.2
Ceduna AMO 46.5 on the 19th 45.9 on the 25th in 1997 69 25.9
Woomera Aerodrome 44.9 on the 19th 44.4 on the 29th in 2006 61 29.7
Adelaide Airport 43.1 on the 19th 41.9 on the 30th in 1962 55 23.8
Parafield Airport 44.1 on the 19th = 44.1 on the 30th in 1993 53 25.0
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 44.0 on the 15th 42.8 on the 30th in 1962 52 27.6
Streaky Bay 42.9 on the 14th 42.8 on the 29th in 1962 52 25.5
Yongala 41.8 on the 18th 40.8 on the 30th in 1993 52 25.7
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 44.0 on the 19th 43.8 on the 30th in 1993 48 25.6
Elliston 44.0 on the 19th 43.3 on the 29th in 2006 47 23.4
Eudunda 41.5 on the 19th 40.6 on the 24th in 1982 45 24.3
Meningie 41.1 on the 19th 40.9 on the 25th in 1997 44 22.8
Kimba 43.5 on the 19th 43.2 on the 25th in 1997 43 27.0
Andamooka 45.1 on the 16th 44.2 on the 25th in 1991 41 31.6
Edinburgh RAAF 44.5 on the 19th 44.3 on the 30th in 1993 38 25.5
Hawker 44.0 on the 18th 41.5 on the 28th in 2006 37 29.2
Adelaide (Kent Town) 43.0 on the 19th 42.0 on the 30th in 1993 33 24.9
Arkaroola 44.4 on the 18th 43.5 on the 30th in 1982 32 30.0
Leigh Creek Airport 45.2 on the 18th 43.7 on the 29th in 2006 26 30.4
Loxton Research Centre 43.0 on the 18th 42.4 on the 25th in 1997 26 27.3
Whyalla Aero 45.5 on the 19th 44.6 on the 25th in 1997 25 26.3



Record highest November mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for November 2009 (°C)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Robe Comparison 24.4 22.0 in 2000 125 19.5
Mount Barker 28.8 26.8 in 1982 107 22.5
Lameroo Comparison 31.2 30.0 in 1982 94 26.1
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 32.5 31.3 in 1927 86 27.6
Streaky Bay 30.4 29.2 in 2007 82 25.5
Yongala 30.3 29.7 in 1982 81 25.7
Kyancutta 32.9 31.9 in 1982 79 28.5
Ceduna AMO 30.5 29.1 in 1980 68 25.9
Mount Gambier Aero 26.4 24.2 in 1959 67 20.3
Woomera Aerodrome 33.5 33.1 in 1982 60 29.7
Keith 31.0 28.7 in 1982 55 24.8
Adelaide Airport 30.1 26.9 in 2003 54 23.8
Parafield Airport 32.4 28.9 in 2007 52 25.0
Warooka 28.7 26.7 in 1982 50 23.4
Neptune Island 22.6 20.9 in 1982 47 19.1
Elliston 28.6 25.8 in 1980 46 23.4
Eudunda 30.2 28.5 in 1982 44 24.3
Meningie 28.6 25.6 in 1982 43 22.8
Murray Bridge Comparison 32.2 29.0 in 1982 43 25.5
Cape Willoughby 23.6 20.7 in 1982 42 19.0
Kimba 31.5 30.6 in 1982 42 27.0
Nonning 32.4 = 32.4 in 1982 40 28.7
Edinburgh RAAF 32.3 28.9 in 2000 37 25.5
Adelaide (Kent Town) 31.1 28.0 in 2007 32 24.9
Arkaroola 32.9 = 32.9 in 1982 31 30.0
Maitland 30.3 27.6 in 2003 29 24.5
Loxton Research Centre 32.8 30.4 in 2007 25 27.3

Highest November mean daily maximum temperature for at least 25 years
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for November 2009 (°C)
Most recent higher
for November
Years since
higher
Average for
November
Cleve 29.9 30.4 in 1951 57 24.8
Andamooka 34.7 34.8 in 1982 27 31.6



Record highest November daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in November 2009 (°C)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Streaky Bay 25.9 on the 15th 25.6 on the 30th in 1962 52 13.3
Neptune Island 20.7 on the 14th 19.5 on the 27th in 2004 47 13.5
Cape Willoughby 22.3 on the 10th 22.0 on the 1st in 1987 43 12.9
Arkaroola 30.3 on the 20th 30.0 on the 28th in 2006 32 15.4



Record lowest November temperature
Lowest temperature
in November 2009 (°C)
Previous lowest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Marla Police Station 5.4 on the 22nd 7.0 on the 12th in 1990 25 17.6



Record highest November mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for November 2009 (°C)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Robe Comparison 14.4 13.9 in 2000 125 11.4
Lameroo Comparison 14.5 13.6 in 2000 94 10.0
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 18.9 18.3 in 2000 86 14.3
Streaky Bay 17.1 15.7 in 2000 82 13.3
Yongala 13.1 13.0 in 2000 81 9.1
Kyancutta 13.9 13.7 in 2000 79 10.8
Marree Comparison 20.5 19.5 in 2003 70 16.7
Cleve 16.8 15.0 in 2000 69 12.1
Ceduna AMO 15.6 14.3 in 1963 68 12.2
Mount Gambier Aero 11.8 11.2 in 2000 67 8.3
Woomera Aerodrome 19.3 18.4 in 2000 60 15.3
Adelaide Airport 16.7 16.3 in 2000 54 12.7
Keith 13.5 12.7 in 2000 54 9.9
Parafield Airport 16.4 15.4 in 2000 52 12.7
Warooka 15.9 14.5 in 2000 50 11.8
Elliston 16.8 14.8 in 2000 46 13.0
Eudunda 14.6 13.4 in 2000 44 10.2
Meningie 14.4 13.4 in 2000 43 11.2
Murray Bridge Comparison 14.5 14.0 in 2000 43 11.3
Cape Willoughby 16.0 14.7 in 2000 42 12.9
Kimba 15.8 15.2 in 2000 42 11.9
Andamooka 20.1 19.8 in 2000 40 16.9
Nonning 17.1 16.1 in 2000 40 12.7
Edinburgh RAAF 16.7 15.7 in 2000 37 12.7
Hawker 17.9 16.8 in 2000 36 13.4
Adelaide (Kent Town) 18.0 17.1 in 2000 32 13.9
Arkaroola 19.2 17.8 in 2000 31 15.4
Maitland 17.0 14.6 in 2000 30 11.9
Leigh Creek Airport 19.6 18.3 in 2000 25 16.0
Loxton Research Centre 15.0 14.2 in 2000 25 11.0



Summary statistics for November 2009
Maximum temperatures
for November
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for November
(°C)
Rainfall
for November
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2009
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2009
Mean for
November
2009
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2009
Total for
November
2009
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2009
Fraction of
November
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 34.7 +3.0 45.1 16th 20.1 +3.2 12.7 4th 37.2 15.0 v high 248%
Coober Pedy Airport 33.6   44.4 19th 19.9   12.4 4th 34.0
Ernabella (Pukatja) 33.3   41.8 17th 18.0   11.5 25th 23.8
Marla Police Station 34.6 +1.8 44.0 17th 17.7 +0.1 5.4 22nd 38.8 22.9 high 169%
Nonning 32.4 +3.7 43.5 19th 17.1 +4.4 8.0 4th 49.9 17.4 v high 287%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 33.9   45.0 19th 19.0   12.5 4th 0
Tarcoola Aero 32.8   45.6 19th 16.7   8.6 5th 54.6
Woomera Aerodrome 33.5 +3.8 44.9 19th 19.3 +4.0 11.0 4th 46.4 17.3 v high 268%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 32.9 +2.9 44.4 18th 19.2 +3.8 10.0 7th 69.0 16.8 v high 411%
Leigh Creek Airport 33.5 +3.1 45.2 18th 19.6 +3.6 11.2 4th 76.0 19.1 v high 398%
Marree Aero 35.4   46.8 18th 20.4   13.5 4th 45.8
Marree Comparison 35.7 +2.5 47.4 18th 20.5 +3.7 13.5 4th 42.0 11.7 v high 359%
Moomba Airport 36.6   46.9 18th 21.7   12.9 24th 36.2
Oodnadatta Airport 35.2 +1.5 45.2 19th 20.5 +2.0 13.3 25th 44.2 12.4 high 356%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 30.5 +4.6 46.5 19th 15.6 +3.4 3.9 6th 9.0 19.9 average 45%
Cleve 29.9 +5.2 43.1 19th 16.8 +4.7 9.8 4th 22.8 27.5 average 83%
Cleve Aerodrome 30.3   44.1 19th 15.6   7.7 6th 21.6 21.4 average 101%
Coulta (Coles Point) 28.4   42.6 19th 15.7   6.5 5th 7.2
Cummins Aero 30.7   45.1 19th 14.6   3.9 5th 24.8
Elliston 28.6 +5.2 44.0 19th 16.8 +3.8 8.0 5th 10.5 19.6 average 54%
Kimba 31.5 +4.5 43.5 19th 15.8 +3.9 7.0 4th 34.8 23.7 high 147%
Kyancutta 32.9 +4.4 45.6 19th 13.9 +3.1 4.4 4th 13.6 21.8 average 62%
Minnipa DPI 32.0   45.4 19th 15.9   5.7 4th 18.4
Neptune Island 22.6 +3.6 31.2 19th 16.0 +2.6 11.3 5th 14.2 18.8 average 76%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 27.1   43.4 19th 13.7   7.9 24th 12.6
Nullarbor 29.4 +3.6 44.4 14th 14.7 +2.5 7.1 24th 1.8 16.9 low 11%
Port Augusta Aero 33.9   46.3 19th 18.7   9.8 6th 55.8
Streaky Bay 30.4 +4.9 42.9 14th 17.1 +3.9 9.0 5th 13.0 18.8 average 69%
Whyalla Aero 31.0 +4.7 45.5 19th 16.5 +2.6 9.8 6th 60.6 20.7 highest 293%
Wudinna Aero 33.0   46.0 19th 14.8   3.0 5th 16.2
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 32.4 +3.2 44.0 18th 17.9 +4.5 8.8 4th 85.4 23.2 v high 368%
Yongala 30.3 +4.7 41.8 18th 13.1 +4.0 3.4 4th 60.2 28.0 v high 215%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 33.3   45.0 18th 15.5   6.9 5th 54.8
Yunta Airstrip 32.1   43.5 18th 15.7   7.3 6th 35.4
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 29.5   40.6 19th 14.7   5.1 4th 46.4
Port Pirie Aerodrome 32.6   44.0 19th 16.9   6.9 5th 45.2
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 32.5 +4.9 44.0 15th 18.9 +4.5 9.5 5th 46.4 24.1 high 193%
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 32.4   44.8 19th 13.7   3.8 6th 40.6
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 26.9   41.0 19th 14.9   11.5 5th 19.6
Kadina AWS 32.0   44.6 19th 14.0   6.4 5th 37.4
Maitland 30.3 +5.7 41.9 19th 17.0 +5.0 10.1 5th 45.8 28.2 high 162%
Minlaton Aero 30.5   44.3 19th 15.0   8.0 23rd 39.0
Stenhouse Bay 25.8   39.1 19th 15.8   11.7 5th 8.6
Warooka 28.7 +5.4 40.4 19th 15.9 +4.1 10.4 5th 23.2 22.6 average 103%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 25.2   36.2 14th 15.5   7.7 6th 24.0
Cape Willoughby 23.6 +4.7 35.8 12th 16.0 +3.1 10.8 4th 38.0 28.5 high 133%
Kingscote Aero 28.4   38.8 15th 11.2   3.0 6th 19.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 31.1 +6.2 43.0 19th 18.0 +4.1 10.4 5th 43.6 31.8 high 137%
Adelaide Airport 30.1 +6.3 43.1 19th 16.7 +4.0 10.0 5th 31.4 25.6 average 123%
Edinburgh RAAF 32.3 +6.7 44.5 19th 16.7 +4.0 8.3 5th 25.4 25.2 average 101%
Parafield Airport 32.4 +7.4 44.1 19th 16.4 +3.7 7.7 24th 30.2 27.3 average 111%
Roseworthy AWS 32.6   44.9 19th 14.6   5.7 6th 21.2
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 29.7   41.5 19th 13.9   5.0 4th 39.2
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 27.4   38.6 12th 15.3   6.4 6th 15.8
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 27.0   39.3 19th 14.9   7.5 5th 56.0
Mount Barker 28.8 +6.3 39.5 19th 12.0 +3.2 5.6 6th 73.8 40.2 high 184%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 27.4   39.7 19th 14.9   6.1 5th 68.0
Noarlunga 29.8   41.8 19th 17.6   9.7 5th 22.2
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 25.5   38.4 19th 14.0   7.9 6th 65.8
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 27.0   41.3 19th 12.8   5.9 7th 34.0
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 32.8 +5.6 43.0 18th 15.0 +4.0 6.2 6th 46.6 22.4 v high 208%
Renmark Aero 33.6   44.6 18th 16.6   8.2 4th 40.6
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 30.2 +5.9 41.5 19th 14.6 +4.4 4.0 4th 67.2 30.0 v high 224%
Meningie 28.6 +5.8 41.1 19th 14.4 +3.2 5.7 6th 48.8 27.5 high 177%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 32.0   43.4 19th 12.9   4.7 6th 32.0
Murray Bridge Comparison 32.2 +6.7 43.0 19th 14.5 +3.2 7.2 6th 47.7 25.4 high 188%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 29.9   42.4 19th 13.7   4.6 6th 26.0
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 31.8   42.0 19th 13.8   6.8 6th 48.6 24.0 v high 203%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 31.0 +6.2 40.5 19th 13.5 +3.6 5.2 6th 55.0 31.8 high 173%
Keith (Munkora) 31.7   41.9 19th 11.2   1.3 6th 56.4
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 31.7   41.6 19th 13.7   5.0 5th 68.8
Lameroo Comparison 31.2 +5.1 41.2 11th 14.5 +4.5 7.2 5th 53.8 26.9 v high 200%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 24.1   37.2 19th 12.9   7.1 6th 32.8
Coonawarra 27.6 +5.4 35.6 11th 12.1 +3.5 5.3 4th 33.2 33.9 average 98%
Mount Gambier Aero 26.4 +6.1 35.0 11th 11.8 +3.5 3.6 6th 54.0 46.9 average 115%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 29.5   38.4 11th 11.9   1.8 6th 48.2
Padthaway South 29.0   38.0 19th 12.7   3.9 6th 40.8
Robe Airfield 25.3   35.4 19th 12.7   6.1 6th 39.0
Robe Comparison 24.4 +4.9 34.4 19th 14.4 +3.0 8.0 6th 33.0 30.3 average 109%

Notes

This statement was prepared before all data for the period were available. This may affect some of the statistics presented.

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Monday 30 November 2009. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries