Monday, 1 February 2010 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0
South Australia in January 2010
Average rainfall but a warm month.
- Near average rainfall across most of the state.
- The second week of the month saw a heatwave event around the state.
- Temperatures for the month as a whole ended up 1 to 3 °C above average, but with no records broken.
The state saw near average rainfall this month across most areas. The far north-eastern pastoral regions tended below average, while the far west of the state, and the western coast of Eyre Peninsula tended above average. Coffin Bay on the lower Eyre Peninsula recorded its highest January rainfall since the station opened in 1984, with 38.8mm, exceeding the previous record of 37.0mm in January 2000.
Rainfall over the pastoral districts was mostly 5 to 10mm with some locations such as Nonning, Yardea and Ernabella recording totals in excess of 20mm for the month. Some locations in the far northeast recorded no rainfall at all, including Moomba, and subsequently were very much below average for the month. Rainfall in the far west of the state tended above average. The highest total was 69.4mm at Yunta (Paratoo) in the Northeast Pastoral district, which was also the highest for the state.
Rainfalls over the agricultural districts were generally near average and totalling 10 to 20 mm, with some locations in the Mount Lofty Ranges seeing totals of 20 to 30mm. Rainfall on the western coasts of Eyre Peninsula, lower Yorke Peninsula, and the western end of Kangaroo Island tended to be above average for January.See a map of rainfall deciles.
Maximum and minimum temperatures were, on the whole, above average for the month. The exception was the lower southeast districts which had slightly colder than average overnight minimum temperatures for January.
The second week of the months saw a widespread heatwave event across south-eastern Australia with temperatures 6 to 10 degrees above average across the agricultural areas of South Australia.
Mean maximum temperatures over the pastoral districts of the state were 0.5 to 1.5 °C above average, with mean maximum temperatures ranging from 34.1°C at both Ernabella in the Northwest Pastoral district and Yunta in the North East district to 39.7°C at Marree in the Far North district. The highest recorded maximum temperature in the pastoral districts for January was 45.5°C at Marree on the 27th of the month.
Mean maximum temperatures over the agricultural districts of the state were mostly 1 to 3 °C above average. Mt Barker in the Mount Lofty Ranges was +3.1 °C above the average. The mean monthly maximum temperatures ranged from 22.8°C at Cape Willoughby on Kangaroo Island to 35.4°C at Port Augusta Airport in the Western Agricultural district. The highest recorded maximum temperature for January in the agricultural areas was 45.8°C at both Keith and Murray Bridge on the 11th January, as part of the heatwave event.
Mean minimum temperatures over the pastoral districts were generally between 0.5 and 1.5°C above the long-term average, ranging from 15.6°C at Gluepot in the North East district to 25.0°C at Moomba Airport in the Far North district. The lowest recorded minimum temperature for January in the pastoral districts was 7.6°C at Gluepot in the North East district on the 19th.
Across the agricultural areas the mean minimum temperatures this month were generally within 0.5 to 1°C above average, tending slightly below average in the lower south-east of the state. Overnight minimum temperatures recorded for the month as a whole ranged from 9.9°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower Southeast district to 19.7°C at Port Augusta Aerodrome. The lowest recorded daily minimum temperature for January was 3.8°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome on the 24th.Some sites had their warmest January night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record. Some sites had their highest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 25 years.
|Extremes in January 2010|
45.8 °C at Keith (Munkora) on the 11th|
45.8 °C at Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) on the 11th
|Warmest days on average||39.7 °C at Marree Comparison|
|Coolest days on average||
22.8 °C at Cape Willoughby|
22.8 °C at Robe Comparison
|Coldest day||17.5 °C at Cape Borda on the 18th|
|Coldest night||3.8 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome on the 24th|
|Coolest nights on average||9.9 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome|
|Warmest nights on average||25.0 °C at Moomba Airport|
|Warmest night||32.0 °C at Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison on the 11th|
|Wettest overall||69.4 mm at Yunta (Paratoo)|
|Highest wind gust||124 km/h at Ernabella (Pukatja) on the 28th|
|Record highest January daily minimum temperature|
Highest daily minimum
in January 2010 (°C)
|Neptune Island||23.3||on the 11th||22.3||on the 22nd in 2006||48||16.1|
|Warooka||28.4||on the 11th||= 28.4||on the 22nd in 2006||45||15.3|
|Highest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 25 years|
Mean daily minimum
for January 2010 (°C)
Most recent higher
|Cape Willoughby||17.0||17.4||in 1981||29||15.7|
|Summary statistics for January 2010|
|Northwest (district 16)|
|Coober Pedy Airport||36.7||43.4||27th||22.3||15.4||13th||6.2|
|Marla Police Station||36.1||-1.0||43.8||28th||22.0||+0.2||16.2||19th||5.8||14.6||average||40%|
|Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome)||37.3||43.0||27th||21.5||14.6||19th||5.0|
|Far North (district 17)|
|Leigh Creek Airport||37.2||+1.9||42.4||22nd||21.4||+0.8||13.7||18th||7.0||21.4||average||33%|
|Western Agricultural (district 18)|
|North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS)||26.7||43.6||10th||16.1||10.7||19th||32.4|
|Port Augusta Aero||35.4||44.5||11th||19.7||12.4||19th||10.0|
|Upper North (district 19)|
|Northeast (district 20)|
|Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot)||34.7||43.9||10th||15.6||7.6||19th||27.8|
|Lower North (district 21)|
|Clare High School||31.3||40.3||9th||14.5||5.6||19th||12.8|
|Port Pirie Aerodrome||33.7||43.3||9th||17.1||9.4||19th||14.1|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||33.6||+1.7||43.0||9th||19.4||+1.8||12.0||19th||15.8||18.5||average||85%|
|Snowtown (Rayville Park)||33.5||43.0||10th||13.6||5.4||19th||23.4|
|Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)|
|Kangaroo Island (district 22B)|
|Adelaide Plains (district 23A)|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||31.4||+2.3||42.8||11th||18.1||+1.1||11.2||19th||9.2||19.1||average||50%|
|County Light (district 23B)|
|Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)||32.6||+2.2||44.1||11th||14.8||-0.3||5.5||19th||9.3||18.4||average||51%|
|Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)|
|Hindmarsh Island AWS||26.0||40.8||11th||15.8||10.4||7th||24.2|
|Kuitpo Forest Reserve||27.0||38.5||10th||14.7||10.5||19th||15.0|
|Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)||29.1||40.4||11th||14.4||7.9||19th||19.2|
|Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)||24.3||38.8||10th||14.4||10.8||5th||29.2|
|Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay)||25.4||42.0||10th||14.7||9.2||7th||32.2|
|Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)|
|Loxton Research Centre||33.9||+2.3||44.3||10th||14.5||0.0||8.3||19th||8.2||15.9||average||52%|
|Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)|
|Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome)||31.4||45.8||11th||14.1||10.2||14th||12.4|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||31.8||+2.8||45.5||10th||15.2||+0.7||11.2||4th||15.0||16.4||average||91%|
|Murray Mallee (district 25A)|
|Upper Southeast (district 25B)|
|Lameroo (Austin Plains)||32.6||44.5||11th||13.5||6.8||19th||17.4|
|Lower Southeast (district 26)|
|Cape Jaffa (The Limestone)||24.2||39.5||10th||13.1||8.4||28th||14.0|
|Mount Gambier Aero||25.9||+0.7||42.5||11th||10.9||-0.2||5.2||24th||13.4||26.1||average||51%|
A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Monday 1 February 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.