South Australia in June 2010

Below average rainfall across most parts.

  • Below average rainfall across the Pastoral districts.
  • Average to below average rainfall across the Agricultural districts.
  • Close to average temperatures throughout.

Rainfall

Rainfall during June was below average across most of inland South Australia, and also below average across the Agricultural districts for most of June. The passage of a cold front on the 29th delivered good rainfall to agricultural areas over the last few days however, resulting in rainfall totals close to the long-term June average in some parts.

Rainfall during the first 6 months of the year has been above average across the northeast of South Australia. Across most of the agricultural districts, rainfall this year to date has been close to average, with pockets of below average, and pockets of above average rainfall, mainly in coastal areas.

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall was below average across most of the pastoral districts in June, with only a few locations receiving close to average rainfall. Oodnadatta Airport reported no rainfall, which equals the lowest rainfall record in June for Oodnadatta last set in June 2007. All rainfall totals were less than 10 mm, with the exception of Nonning in the Northwest District which received 14.5mm.

Agricultural Districts

Rainfall totals were generally average to below average across the Agricultural districts. Rainfall totals in the Upper North and Upper Murray Valley districts were close to 10mm. Totals ranged from about 30 to 70mm across the Western Agricultural District, Lower North and Lower Murray Valley districts, and between about 40 and 90mm in the West Central districts. In the East Central Districts, totals ranged between 40 and 60mm, increasing to between 80 and 150mm in the Mount Lofty Ranges. The Murray Mallee and Upper Southeast districts saw totals between about 20 and 40mm, whilst the Lower Southeast District had totals ranging from about 50 to 100mm.

Rainfall during the growing season (April to October) has generally been close to average so far, with some locations near the coast recording above average rainfall for the April to June period. Lameroo Comparison is the only location with below average rainfall for this period.

Oodnadatta Airport had its lowest total June rainfall on record.
Some sites had their lowest total June rainfall for at least 25 years.
See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

Mean temperatures (average of the daily maximum and minimum mean temperatures) were close to average across the State during June.

Maximum

Mean maximum temperatures were generally within 1C of the June long-term average.

In the Pastoral districts, mean maximum temperatures ranged from 15.0C at Yunta Airstrip in the North East District to 20.0C at Marree Comparison in the Far North District. The highest recorded maximum temperature in the Pastoral districts for June was 26.0C at Marree Comparison on the 24th. Ernabella (Pukatja) recorded the lowest maximum temperature of 11.1C on the 12th.

In the Agricultural districts, mean maximum temperatures ranged from 10.1C at Mount Lofty to 17.7C at Nullarbor and Ceduna. The highest recorded maximum temperature for June in the Agricultural districts was 25.2C at Nullarbor on the 23rd. Mount Lofty recorded the lowest maximum temperature of 6.2C on the 29th.

Mean maximum temperatures have been above average across the south and west of the state this year so far, and average to below average in the northeast.

Minimum

Mean minimum temperatures were generally within 1C of the June long-term average, with a few stations in the southeast close to or more than 1C below the long-term average.

In the Pastoral districts, the mean minimum temperatures ranged from 3.4C at Yunta Airstrip in the North East District to 7.1C at Andamooka in the Northwest District. The lowest recorded minimum temperature for June in the Pastoral districts was -3.5C at Yunta Airstrip in the North East District on the 15th. The highest minimum was 15.0C at Marla Police Station on the 18th.

Mean minimum temperatures in the Agricultural regions this month ranged from 2.5C at Yongala in the Upper North District to 11.0C at Cape Willoughby on Kangaroo Island. The lowest recorded daily minimum temperature for June was -4.3C at Yongala on the 28th. The highest minimum was 14.4C at Elliston on the 19th.

Mean minimum temperatures have been above average across South Australia this year so far.

 

Further information

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Extremes in June 2010
Hottest day 26.0 °C at Marree Comparison on the 24th
Warmest days on average 20.0 °C at Marree Comparison
Coolest days on average 10.1 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 6.2 °C at Mount Lofty on the 29th
Coldest night -4.3 °C at Yongala on the 28th
Coolest nights on average 2.5 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 11.0 °C at Cape Willoughby
Warmest night 15.0 °C at Marla Police Station on the 18th
Wettest overall 175.0 mm at Piccadilly (Woodhouse)
Highest wind gust 107 km/h at Neptune Island on the 8th

Record lowest total June rainfall
Total rainfall
for June 2010 (mm)
Previous lowest
for June
Years of
record
Average for
June
Oodnadatta Airport 0.0 = 0.0 in 2007 63 12.1

Lowest total June rainfall for at least 25 years
Total rainfall
for June 2010 (mm)
Most recent lower
for June
Years since
lower
Average for
June
Sedan 2.4 1.0 in 1913 92 33.6
Penneshaw 28.0 10.8 in 1967 43 70.3
Blinman 5.0 4.1 in 1972 38 34.9
Hallett 7.0 1.6 in 1975 35 48.0
Angaston 15.8 15.2 in 1979 31 70.4
Mount Bryan 13.0 10.6 in 1979 30 51.0
Overland Corner 1.0 0.0 in 1975 30 25.3



Summary statistics for June 2010
Maximum temperatures
for June
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for June
(°C)
Rainfall
for June
(millimetres)
Mean for
June
2010
Diff
from
average
Highest for
June
2010
Mean for
June
2010
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
June
2010
Total for
June
2010
Average
for
June
Rank of
June
2010
Fraction of
June
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 18.3 -0.3 22.6 24th 7.1 +0.2 0.4 15th 3.4 15.3 low 22%
Coober Pedy Airport 17.7   23.7 24th 6.8   1.8 15th 0.2
Ernabella (Pukatja) 17.6   23.6 24th 4.7   -0.1 29th 0
Marla Police Station 18.8 -0.9 25.6 24th 4.7 -0.9 -1.1 27th 1.0 14.6 low 7%
Nonning 16.0 -0.8 20.9 24th 4.4 -0.3 -2.3 28th 14.5 26.8 average 54%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 17.7   21.8 24th 5.3   -1.4 15th 2.2
Tarcoola Aero 18.0   23.8 24th 4.2   -2.0 15th 7.2
Woomera Aerodrome 16.9 -0.5 21.4 24th 6.5 -0.2 1.6 15th 5.8 16.0 low 36%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 17.2 +0.4 24.0 24th 4.1 -0.4 -2.3 15th 7.0 14.6 average 48%
Leigh Creek Airport 16.7 -0.3 22.6 24th 5.5 +0.1 -0.5 28th 9.2 16.7 average 55%
Marree Aero 19.1   25.1 24th 6.2   -0.5 28th 0.2
Marree Comparison 20.0 +0.4 26.0 24th 6.7 +0.8 0.0 29th 0.4 13.7 low 3%
Moomba Airport 19.7   25.7 25th 6.5   0.1 28th 0
Oodnadatta Airport 19.2 -0.7 25.0 24th 5.9 -0.6 0.0 15th 0 12.1 lowest 0%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 17.7 -0.5 23.0 23rd 6.2 -0.2 -0.4 15th 32.2 35.1 average 92%
Cleve 15.7 -0.3 19.4 22nd 7.9 -0.1 4.0 15th 51.6 46.4 average 111%
Cleve Aerodrome 15.3   19.0 24th 7.8   2.7 27th 49.4 42.1 high 117%
Coulta (Coles Point) 16.2   19.7 23rd 6.0   -1.7 14th 69.8
Cummins Aero 16.2   19.3 23rd 6.4   1.1 14th 78.4
Elliston 17.3 +0.2 21.8 23rd 7.7 -0.8 1.6 8th 71.4 72.6 average 98%
Kimba 15.0 -1.1 18.5 23rd 6.1 +0.2 0.5 15th 25.8 39.7 average 65%
Kyancutta 17.4 -0.4 21.4 23rd 5.6 +0.3 0.1 14th 22.4 38.3 average 58%
Minnipa DPI 16.4   20.2 23rd 7.3   3.1 14th 33.8
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 16.7   19.7 23rd 8.1   3.6 14th 47.0
Nullarbor 17.7 -1.1 25.2 23rd 5.7 -0.5 1.6 27th 27.4 30.1 average 91%
Port Augusta Aero 17.5   22.0 24th 6.0   -0.8 15th 12.0
Streaky Bay 17.6 +0.4 19.7 22nd 9.0 0.0 4.6 15th 55.5 62.5 average 89%
Whyalla Aero 16.7 -0.6 21.7 24th 6.3 +0.3 -0.8 15th 12.2 24.4 low 50%
Wudinna Aero 17.4   20.8 24th 6.6   2.0 14th 22.8
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 15.4 -1.0 21.0 24th 4.0 -0.5 -1.8 28th 8.6 38.0 low 23%
Yongala 13.4 -0.2 18.2 24th 2.5 -0.3 -4.3 28th 15.4 39.3 low 39%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 16.7   21.8 16th 4.6   -3.4 15th 5.8
Yunta Airstrip 15.0   19.9 24th 3.4   -3.5 15th 6.2
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 13.2   16.5 22nd 4.1   -1.6 15th 36.2
Port Pirie Aerodrome 16.5   20.0 22nd 6.2   0.2 15th 30.4
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 17.1 0.0 20.5 3rd 7.7 -0.7 3.0 14th 31.6 40.7 average 78%
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 15.7   19.2 22nd 5.0   -1.4 14th 31.4
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 15.9   18.7 24th 8.1   2.0 27th 56.0
Kadina AWS 16.1   19.2 22nd 5.8   -0.8 14th 37.4
Maitland 15.5 +0.1 18.9 22nd 7.8 -0.1 3.3 27th 67.6 68.6 average 99%
Minlaton Aero 16.2   18.6 24th 7.4   2.5 27th 65.6
Stenhouse Bay 16.0   18.8 23rd 9.8   4.1 15th 84.8
Warooka 16.1 +0.2 18.6 3rd 8.2 -0.3 4.2 14th 90.0 65.1 high 138%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.8   17.2 21st 9.6   5.8 14th 93.4
Cape Willoughby 15.1 +0.2 17.5 19th 11.0 +0.3 8.5 27th 55.0 75.1 average 73%
Kingscote Aero 16.5   19.5 20th 5.6   -0.1 27th 42.8
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 15.8 -0.3 18.2 24th 7.5 -0.6 2.2 14th 65.8 79.7 average 83%
Adelaide Airport 15.7 -0.2 18.3 24th 7.1 -0.5 1.8 15th 58.6 55.6 average 105%
Edinburgh RAAF 15.8 -0.1 18.4 24th 6.3 -0.5 0.3 15th 43.2 53.4 average 81%
Parafield Airport 16.0 +0.3 18.4 24th 6.1 -1.0 0.1 27th 48.6 53.9 average 90%
Roseworthy AWS 15.9   19.6 16th 6.2   0.9 13th 32.6
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 13.6   16.5 24th 3.7   -1.7 15th 40.0
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 15.4 -0.2 18.1 3rd 5.0 -1.3 0.0 27th 43.1 56.2 average 77%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 15.6   18.2 19th 8.3   2.0 15th 80.4
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 12.6   15.8 23rd 6.9   1.7 15th 108.4
Mount Barker 14.5 +0.8 17.4 3rd 4.8 -0.4 -1.2 15th 74.4 99.6 average 75%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 11.6   14.2 3rd 6.1   3.0 28th 67.8
Mount Lofty 10.1   12.8 2nd 5.5   0.6 14th 152.2
Noarlunga 15.5   17.9 2nd 8.7   4.1 15th 57.6
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 12.4   14.8 24th 7.5   3.0 15th 125.4
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 15.8   18.8 19th 7.2   0.6 14th 96.2
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 15.9 -0.4 20.1 16th 4.9 +0.2 -1.3 28th 13.2 25.6 average 52%
Renmark Aero 16.1   20.8 16th 5.0   -1.9 15th 5.6
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.5 -0.2 16.1 3rd 5.6 -0.1 0.0 15th 32.2 52.0 low 62%
Meningie 15.6 0.0 18.2 20th 6.3 -0.7 0.3 15th 66.8 61.7 average 108%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 15.8   18.9 19th 4.9   -1.4 15th 19.2
Murray Bridge Comparison 16.7 0.0 19.8 20th 5.5 -0.5 -0.5 15th 34.1 37.8 average 90%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.3   18.1 20th 7.2   1.8 15th 41.0
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 15.5   18.3 19th 5.0   -0.8 15th 27.2 35.4 average 77%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 15.2 -0.3 17.5 18th 5.0 -1.0 -1.2 27th 38.8 52.6 average 74%
Keith (Munkora) 15.2   17.6 19th 4.4   -1.2 27th 43.0
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 14.9   17.4 3rd 5.0   0.3 27th 19.6
Lameroo Comparison 15.4 -0.2 18.3 3rd 5.4 +0.3 0.2 28th 22.2 40.8 low 54%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.4   16.7 21st 7.3   1.6 15th 87.4
Coonawarra 13.8 -0.7 16.1 19th 4.1 -1.4 -2.5 27th 56.0 74.1 low 76%
Mount Gambier Aero 13.6 -0.2 16.5 4th 4.9 -0.9 -0.8 15th 69.6 82.9 average 84%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 14.2   17.1 3rd 4.1   -2.7 15th 54.6
Padthaway South 14.5   16.9 3rd 4.0   -3.0 27th 43.4
Robe Airfield 14.7   17.6 2nd 5.6   -1.8 15th 106.6
Robe Comparison 14.3 0.0 17.0 2nd 8.4 -0.3 1.9 15th 103.8 95.4 average 109%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Thursday 1 July 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries