Wednesday, 1 December 2010 - Monthly Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0
South Australia in November 2010
Cool days with above average rainfall in the north and east.
- Rainfall totals were above average in the north and east and in some coastal areas, but average to below average elsewhere.
- Maximum temperatures were generally cooler than the long-term average, apart from the Lower Southeast where maximums were just above average.
- Minimum temperatures were generally within 1°C of the long-term mean, but tending above average in the southeast.
The Bureau of Meteorology's annual climate summary for South Australia will be released and published on this web site on Wednesday 5 January, as will a comprehensive summary for all of Australia.
Rainfall totals were well above average across the northern and eastern Pastoral Districts, with some locations receiving up to 4 times their monthly November average. Rainfall values were generally close to average elsewhere. Manna Hill and Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) both set new November daily rainfall records on the 27th, with 64.0 mm and 51.0 mm respectively. Tarcoola also had its wettest November on record with 59.0 mm. Rainfall totals ranged from 6 mm to 90 mm across the Pastorals.
Rainfall totals were above average in parts of the southeast and along coastal areas. Some locations in the Western Agricultural District and Adelaide Plains had below average rainfall, whilst amounts were generally close to average elsewhere. Pinnaroo had its highest November total rainfall on record.
Rainfall totals ranged from 5 to 30mm across the agricultural districts, increasing to near 50mm in the Mount Lofty Ranges, Murray Valley and the Lower Southeast. Some locations in parts of the southeast received from 60 to 90 mm of rain.
Rainfall totals are above average across almost all of South Australia this year so far.Some sites had their highest total November rainfall on record. Some sites had their highest total November rainfall for at least 25 years. Some sites had their highest November daily rainfall on record. See a map of rainfall deciles.
The monthly mean November temperature for South Australia as a whole (the average of the maximum and minimum temperatures) was 22.0°C, which is 1.0°C below the long-term average for South Australia.
The area-averaged mean maximum temperature of 29.2°C was 1.8°C below the long-term November average for South Australia as a whole.
Mean maximum temperatures were up to 3°C below average in the north and west, grading to just above average in the Lower Southeast.
In the Pastoral districts mean maximum temperatures ranged from 26.1°C at Yunta Airstrip to 31.7°C at Oodnadatta Airport . The highest recorded maximum temperature in the Pastorals for November was 40.5°C at Tarcoola Aero on the 23rd, whilst the lowest maximum temperature recorded was 14.9°C at Yunta Airstrip on the 13th.
Mean maximum temperatures over the Agricultural districts ranged from 18.1°C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) to 27.8°C at Hawker and at Port Augusta Aero. The highest maximum recorded during November was 40.9°C at Nullarbor on the 11th. The lowest was 10.3°C at Mount Lofty on the 3rd.
Mean minimum temperatures were generally within 1°C of the long-term average this November, but tending slightly warmer than average in the southeast and slightly cooler than average in parts of the north.
Mean minimum temperatures in the pastoral areas ranged from 11.8°C at Gluepot to 18.2°C at Oodnadatta Airport. The lowest minimum temperature recorded in the Pastorals was 3.3°C at Yunta Airstrip on the 1st. The highest minimum temperature was 27.3°C at Marree Comparison and at Oodnadatta Airport on the 1st. Leigh Creek Airport recorded its equal lowest November minimum temperature on record with 6.1°C on the 1st.
Over the Agricultural districts mean monthly minimum temperatures ranged from 8.9°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome to 14.9°C at Port Augusta Aero. The lowest minimum temperature recorded during November was -1.2°C at Yongala on the 1st. The highest minimum temperature was 26.0°C at Ceduna AMO on the 23rd. Adelaide (Kent Town) recorded its lowest November maximum temperature on record with 5.3°C on the 1st, whilst Robe Comparison recorded its highest November minimum temperature on record with 21.7°C on the 24th.
Two sites had their lowest November temperature on record, whilst another had their warmest November night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.
|Extremes in November 2010|
|Hottest day||40.9 °C at Nullarbor on the 11th|
|Warmest days on average||31.7 °C at Oodnadatta Airport|
|Coolest days on average||18.1 °C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)|
|Coldest day||10.3 °C at Mount Lofty on the 3rd|
|Coldest night||-1.2 °C at Yongala on the 1st|
|Coolest nights on average||8.9 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome|
|Warmest nights on average||18.2 °C at Oodnadatta Airport|
27.3 °C at Marree Comparison on the 12th|
27.3 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 12th
|Wettest overall||94.0 mm at Pinnaroo|
|Highest wind gust||89 km/h at Cape Willoughby on the 23rd|
|Record highest November daily rainfall|
Highest daily rainfall
in November 2010 (mm)
|Manna Hill||64.0||on the 27th||62.5||on the 29th in 1933||119|
|Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill)||51.0||on the 27th||31.2||on the 17th in 1946||67|
|Record highest total November rainfall|
for November 2010 (mm)
|Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill)||59.0||56.6||in 2009||69||15.6|
|Highest total November rainfall for at least 25 years|
for November 2010 (mm)
Most recent higher
|Manna Hill||64.0||107.2||in 1933||76||17.9|
|Port Kenny (Mount Cooper)||54.0||83.0||in 1979||31||25.5|
|Mannum Council Depot||59.5||86.8||in 1983||27||21.4|
|Record highest November daily minimum temperature|
Highest daily minimum
in November 2010 (°C)
|Robe Comparison||21.7||on the 24th||21.6||on the 18th in 1921||127||11.4|
|Record lowest November temperature|
in November 2010 (°C)
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||5.3||on the 1st||5.7||on the 8th in 1999||34||14.0|
|Leigh Creek Airport||6.1||on the 1st||= 6.1||on the 1st in 1997||27||16.1|
|Summary statistics for November 2010|
|Northwest (district 16)|
|Coober Pedy Airport||29.4||38.2||11th||16.7||9.3||1st||10.0|
|Marla Police Station||30.7||-2.2||38.1||23rd||16.7||-0.9||8.2||1st||38.7||23.5||high||165%|
|Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome)||30.0||38.7||11th||14.7||7.1||1st||6.6|
|Far North (district 17)|
|Leigh Creek Airport||28.6||-1.9||37.5||11th||15.0||-1.1||6.1||1st||28.4||19.5||average||146%|
|Western Agricultural (district 18)|
|Coulta (Coles Point)||22.3||35.5||22nd||12.2||6.8||19th||29.0|
|North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS)||21.8||36.1||22nd||12.1||5.8||17th||23.0|
|Port Augusta Aero||27.8||37.4||11th||14.9||6.9||1st||12.0|
|Upper North (district 19)|
|Northeast (district 20)|
|Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot)||27.0||38.3||11th||11.8||3.4||1st||33.8|
|Lower North (district 21)|
|Clare High School||22.9||32.5||23rd||10.6||2.0||1st||28.6|
|Port Pirie Aerodrome||26.7||37.4||22nd||13.1||4.9||4th||20.0|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||26.6||-1.1||37.0||22nd||14.7||+0.3||8.0||1st||14.7||24.0||average||61%|
|Snowtown (Rayville Park)||26.5||37.3||22nd||9.6||1.0||1st||16.4|
|Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)|
|Kangaroo Island (district 22B)|
|Adelaide Plains (district 23A)|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||24.3||-0.8||36.4||23rd||14.1||+0.1||5.3||1st||23.2||31.7||average||73%|
|County Light (district 23B)|
|Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)||25.0||-0.7||36.1||23rd||11.1||-0.1||2.3||1st||29.3||28.9||average||101%|
|Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)|
|Hindmarsh Island AWS||21.7||36.5||23rd||12.8||6.6||5th||12.8|
|Kuitpo Forest Reserve||20.2||32.2||22nd||11.0||4.5||1st||29.8|
|Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)||21.4||32.7||22nd||10.3||3.4||1st||35.8|
|Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)||18.1||31.3||22nd||10.7||5.2||1st||42.4|
|Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay)||21.5||35.7||22nd||11.7||5.2||1st||30.8|
|Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)|
|Loxton Research Centre||26.4||-1.1||35.1||22nd||11.5||+0.3||4.5||2nd||35.0||22.9||high||153%|
|Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)|
|Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome)||24.9||37.8||22nd||10.3||2.9||1st||38.6|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||25.3||-0.3||37.2||22nd||11.9||+0.5||4.5||1st||44.0||25.5||high||173%|
|Murray Mallee (district 25A)|
|Upper Southeast (district 25B)|
|Lameroo (Austin Plains)||25.9||37.2||22nd||10.7||3.2||1st||32.4|
|Lower Southeast (district 26)|
|Cape Jaffa (The Limestone)||20.7||33.5||22nd||11.2||5.8||5th||31.4|
|Mount Gambier Aero||21.1||+0.7||34.9||23rd||9.5||+1.1||4.0||15th||41.6||46.8||average||89%|
A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Wednesday 1 December 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.