South Australia in November 2010

Cool days with above average rainfall in the north and east.

  • Rainfall totals were above average in the north and east and in some coastal areas, but average to below average elsewhere.
  • Maximum temperatures were generally cooler than the long-term average, apart from the Lower Southeast where maximums were just above average.
  • Minimum temperatures were generally within 1C of the long-term mean, but tending above average in the southeast.

The Bureau of Meteorology's annual climate summary for South Australia will be released and published on this web site on Wednesday 5 January, as will a comprehensive summary for all of Australia.

Rainfall

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall totals were well above average across the northern and eastern Pastoral Districts, with some locations receiving up to 4 times their monthly November average. Rainfall values were generally close to average elsewhere. Manna Hill and Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) both set new November daily rainfall records on the 27th, with 64.0 mm and 51.0 mm respectively. Tarcoola also had its wettest November on record with 59.0 mm. Rainfall totals ranged from 6 mm to 90 mm across the Pastorals.

Agricultural Districts

Rainfall totals were above average in parts of the southeast and along coastal areas. Some locations in the Western Agricultural District and Adelaide Plains had below average rainfall, whilst amounts were generally close to average elsewhere. Pinnaroo had its highest November total rainfall on record.

Rainfall totals ranged from 5 to 30mm across the agricultural districts, increasing to near 50mm in the Mount Lofty Ranges, Murray Valley and the Lower Southeast. Some locations in parts of the southeast received from 60 to 90 mm of rain.

Rainfall totals are above average across almost all of South Australia this year so far.

Some sites had their highest total November rainfall on record.
Some sites had their highest total November rainfall for at least 25 years. Some sites had their highest November daily rainfall on record.
See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

The monthly mean November temperature for South Australia as a whole (the average of the maximum and minimum temperatures) was 22.0C, which is 1.0C below the long-term average for South Australia.

Maximum

The area-averaged mean maximum temperature of 29.2C was 1.8C below the long-term November average for South Australia as a whole.

Mean maximum temperatures were up to 3C below average in the north and west, grading to just above average in the Lower Southeast.

In the Pastoral districts mean maximum temperatures ranged from 26.1C at Yunta Airstrip to 31.7C at Oodnadatta Airport . The highest recorded maximum temperature in the Pastorals for November was 40.5C at Tarcoola Aero on the 23rd, whilst the lowest maximum temperature recorded was 14.9C at Yunta Airstrip on the 13th.

Mean maximum temperatures over the Agricultural districts ranged from 18.1C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) to 27.8C at Hawker and at Port Augusta Aero. The highest maximum recorded during November was 40.9C at Nullarbor on the 11th. The lowest was 10.3C at Mount Lofty on the 3rd.

Minimum

Mean minimum temperatures were generally within 1C of the long-term average this November, but tending slightly warmer than average in the southeast and slightly cooler than average in parts of the north.

Mean minimum temperatures in the pastoral areas ranged from 11.8C at Gluepot to 18.2C at Oodnadatta Airport. The lowest minimum temperature recorded in the Pastorals was 3.3C at Yunta Airstrip on the 1st. The highest minimum temperature was 27.3C at Marree Comparison and at Oodnadatta Airport on the 1st. Leigh Creek Airport recorded its equal lowest November minimum temperature on record with 6.1C on the 1st.

Over the Agricultural districts mean monthly minimum temperatures ranged from 8.9C at Naracoorte Aerodrome to 14.9C at Port Augusta Aero. The lowest minimum temperature recorded during November was -1.2C at Yongala on the 1st. The highest minimum temperature was 26.0C at Ceduna AMO on the 23rd. Adelaide (Kent Town) recorded its lowest November maximum temperature on record with 5.3C on the 1st, whilst Robe Comparison recorded its highest November minimum temperature on record with 21.7C on the 24th.

Two sites had their lowest November temperature on record, whilst another had their warmest November night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.

Further information

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Extremes in November 2010
Hottest day 40.9 °C at Nullarbor on the 11th
Warmest days on average 31.7 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 18.1 °C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)
Coldest day 10.3 °C at Mount Lofty on the 3rd
Coldest night -1.2 °C at Yongala on the 1st
Coolest nights on average 8.9 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average 18.2 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Warmest night 27.3 °C at Marree Comparison on the 12th
27.3 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 12th
Wettest overall 94.0 mm at Pinnaroo
Highest wind gust 89 km/h at Cape Willoughby on the 23rd

Record highest November daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in November 2010 (mm)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Manna Hill 64.0 on the 27th 62.5 on the 29th in 1933 119
Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) 51.0 on the 27th 31.2 on the 17th in 1946 67



Record highest total November rainfall
Total rainfall
for November 2010 (mm)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Pinnaroo 94.0 88.7 in 1916 107 26.2
Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) 59.0 56.6 in 2009 69 15.6

Highest total November rainfall for at least 25 years
Total rainfall
for November 2010 (mm)
Most recent higher
for November
Years since
higher
Average for
November
Manna Hill 64.0 107.2 in 1933 76 17.9
Ungarra 51.2 65.6 in 1964 41 22.9
Port Kenny (Mount Cooper) 54.0 83.0 in 1979 31 25.5
Mannum Council Depot 59.5 86.8 in 1983 27 21.4
Arkaroola 70.8 138.5 in 1985 25 17.6




Record highest November daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in November 2010 (°C)
Previous highest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Robe Comparison 21.7 on the 24th 21.6 on the 18th in 1921 127 11.4



Record lowest November temperature
Lowest temperature
in November 2010 (°C)
Previous lowest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Adelaide (Kent Town) 5.3 on the 1st 5.7 on the 8th in 1999 34 14.0
Leigh Creek Airport 6.1 on the 1st = 6.1 on the 1st in 1997 27 16.1



Summary statistics for November 2010
Maximum temperatures
for November
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for November
(°C)
Rainfall
for November
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2010
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2010
Mean for
November
2010
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2010
Total for
November
2010
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2010
Fraction of
November
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 30.3 -1.4 38.3 11th 16.8 -0.2 9.2 1st 9.4 14.9 average 63%
Coober Pedy Airport 29.4   38.2 11th 16.7   9.3 1st 10.0
Ernabella (Pukatja) 28.5   35.7 24th 15.1   7.7 2nd 37.4
Marla Police Station 30.7 -2.2 38.1 23rd 16.7 -0.9 8.2 1st 38.7 23.5 high 165%
Nonning 27.1 -1.7 36.8 23rd 13.0 +0.2 7.0 1st 15.6 17.4 average 90%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 30.0   38.7 11th 14.7   7.1 1st 6.6
Tarcoola Aero 29.9   40.5 23rd 14.2   7.7 1st 8.6
Woomera Aerodrome 28.7 -1.0 38.6 11th 15.6 +0.3 6.9 1st 3.8 17.1 low 22%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 27.6 -2.5 36.5 11th 14.5 -1.0 7.8 1st 70.8 17.6 v high 402%
Leigh Creek Airport 28.6 -1.9 37.5 11th 15.0 -1.1 6.1 1st 28.4 19.5 average 146%
Marree Aero 30.9   39.3 11th 16.6   9.0 1st 34.4
Marree Comparison 31.5 -1.7 39.0 11th 16.9 +0.1 9.5 1st 35.0 11.9 high 294%
Moomba Airport 30.6   38.4 12th 16.8   9.0 2nd 91.2
Oodnadatta Airport 31.7 -2.0 38.9 11th 18.2 -0.4 9.7 1st 41.4 12.9 high 321%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 24.7 -1.3 40.4 22nd 12.6 +0.4 4.8 17th 10.8 19.7 average 55%
Cleve 22.9 -1.9 36.0 22nd 12.6 +0.4 6.0 17th 23.8 27.5 average 87%
Cleve Aerodrome 23.0   36.6 22nd 12.0   5.8 17th 13.6 21.2 average 64%
Coulta (Coles Point) 22.3   35.5 22nd 12.2   6.8 19th 29.0
Cummins Aero 23.4   37.7 22nd 11.3   3.2 17th 19.2
Elliston 22.0 -1.5 37.2 22nd 13.1 0.0 6.2 17th 28.0 19.7 high 142%
Kimba 25.0 -2.1 35.5 23rd 11.1 -0.9 5.5 1st 6.2 23.5 low 26%
Kyancutta 26.7 -1.9 38.1 23rd 11.2 +0.4 3.5 17th 9.5 21.6 low 44%
Minnipa DPI 26.1   37.3 22nd 11.5   4.8 16th 4.2
Neptune Island 18.9 -0.2 30.1 22nd 13.8 +0.3 10.1 1st 22.8 18.9 average 121%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 21.8   36.1 22nd 12.1   5.8 17th 23.0
Nullarbor 23.6 -2.3 40.9 11th 12.2 -0.1 5.8 17th 13.6 16.9 average 80%
Port Augusta Aero 27.8   37.4 11th 14.9   6.9 1st 12.0
Streaky Bay 24.4 -1.2 38.4 22nd 13.5 +0.2 7.9 4th 20.0 18.8 average 106%
Whyalla Aero 25.1 -1.4 37.1 23rd 14.0 0.0 5.3 1st 20.8 20.9 average 100%
Wudinna Aero 27.1   38.1 22nd 11.1   3.3 17th 5.6
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 27.8 -1.4 37.0 11th 12.6 -1.0 3.8 1st 20.0 23.2 average 86%
Yongala 24.7 -1.0 34.5 11th 9.0 -0.2 -1.2 1st 18.4 28.0 average 66%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 27.0   38.3 11th 11.8   3.4 1st 33.8
Yunta Airstrip 26.1   37.0 11th 12.4   3.3 1st 44.6
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 22.9   32.5 23rd 10.6   2.0 1st 28.6
Port Pirie Aerodrome 26.7   37.4 22nd 13.1   4.9 4th 20.0
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 26.6 -1.1 37.0 22nd 14.7 +0.3 8.0 1st 14.7 24.0 average 61%
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 26.5   37.3 22nd 9.6   1.0 1st 16.4
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 21.2   30.6 23rd 13.0   3.5 1st 16.8
Kadina AWS 26.1   37.0 23rd 10.0   1.3 1st 8.2
Maitland 23.7 -1.0 35.5 22nd 12.6 +0.5 5.0 1st 20.6 28.2 average 73%
Minlaton Aero 23.9   36.0 22nd 11.4   2.1 1st 10.2
Stenhouse Bay 21.2   37.7 22nd 13.2   8.9 1st 16.2
Warooka 22.0 -1.5 34.6 22nd 12.4 +0.5 5.6 1st 28.0 22.7 high 123%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 18.9   31.1 22nd 11.5   7.3 1st 24.4
Cape Willoughby 19.0 -0.1 32.4 22nd 13.3 +0.3 7.5 1st 24.6 28.4 average 87%
Kingscote Aero 21.9   34.8 22nd 9.4   0.4 1st 32.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 24.3 -0.8 36.4 23rd 14.1 +0.1 5.3 1st 23.2 31.7 average 73%
Adelaide Airport 23.0 -0.9 34.9 22nd 13.4 +0.7 5.6 1st 18.8 25.5 average 74%
Edinburgh RAAF 24.9 -0.8 36.7 23rd 12.8 -0.1 4.7 1st 11.6 24.9 low 47%
Parafield Airport 25.7 +0.5 37.6 23rd 12.7 -0.1 3.0 1st 13.8 27.1 low 51%
Roseworthy AWS 26.2   37.0 23rd 10.1   1.7 1st 15.0
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 23.3   33.9 22nd 10.7   1.5 1st 24.4
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 25.0 -0.7 36.1 23rd 11.1 -0.1 2.3 1st 29.3 28.9 average 101%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 21.7   36.5 23rd 12.8   6.6 5th 12.8
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.2   32.2 22nd 11.0   4.5 1st 29.8
Mount Barker 22.4 -0.1 33.2 22nd 9.7 +0.9 0.9 1st 32.4 40.1 average 81%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 21.4   32.7 22nd 10.3   3.4 1st 35.8
Mount Lofty 18.4   30.7 23rd 9.5   3.1 1st 35.0
Noarlunga 23.0   34.9 22nd 13.4   6.2 1st 19.0
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.1   31.3 22nd 10.7   5.2 1st 42.4
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 21.5   35.7 22nd 11.7   5.2 1st 30.8
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 26.4 -1.1 35.1 22nd 11.5 +0.3 4.5 2nd 35.0 22.9 high 153%
Renmark Aero 27.0   36.8 11th 12.1   4.0 1st 37.8
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 23.4 -1.0 32.4 11th 10.8 +0.5 2.6 1st 38.4 30.1 high 128%
Meningie 22.4 -0.5 36.1 22nd 11.6 +0.4 5.4 5th 50.6 27.7 high 183%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 24.9   37.8 22nd 10.3   2.9 1st 38.6
Murray Bridge Comparison 25.3 -0.3 37.2 22nd 11.9 +0.5 4.5 1st 44.0 25.5 high 173%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.6   36.1 23rd 11.3   4.1 1st 19.6
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 25.5   35.8 22nd 10.7   3.5 5th 39.0 24.1 high 162%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 24.8 -0.1 36.0 22nd 11.0 +1.0 3.0 19th 27.4 31.8 average 86%
Keith (Munkora) 25.7   38.3 22nd 9.3   -0.2 19th 27.4
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 25.9   37.2 22nd 10.7   3.2 1st 32.4
Lameroo Comparison 26.0 -0.1 36.0 22nd 11.6 +1.6 4.0 1st 31.2 27.0 average 116%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 20.7   33.5 22nd 11.2   5.8 5th 31.4
Coonawarra 22.7 +0.3 35.3 22nd 9.6 +0.9 1.0 19th 0.8 33.5 lowest 2%
Mount Gambier Aero 21.1 +0.7 34.9 23rd 9.5 +1.1 4.0 15th 41.6 46.8 average 89%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 23.9   35.6 22nd 8.9   0.0 5th 41.0
Padthaway South 23.6   34.7 22nd 10.2   1.4 19th 40.4
Robe Airfield 20.2   32.1 22nd 10.5   2.9 15th 20.2
Robe Comparison 19.7 +0.2 30.1 22nd 12.1 +0.7 6.7 15th 28.0 30.3 average 92%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Wednesday 1 December 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries