South Australia in June 2013: A wet start to winter with cool days and warm nights across the State

  • A wet start to winter with several locations observing record highest daily and monthly totals.
  • State-wide maximum temperatures mostly below average - the coolest since 2007, particularly across the northwest pastoral regions
  • Minimum temperatures warmer than average, being the warmest since 2004 

Rainfall

Throughout June 2013, South Australia received above the long term average June rainfall for the state as a whole, resulting in the wettest June for the state since 2004. Apart from the far west and northeast where rainfall was average to below average, most locations recorded a wetter than average start to winter. Parts of Upper North and Flinders Ranges observed new record high June total rainfall. The wettest periods for most districts occurred on between the 1st and 3rd, between the 11th and 14th and between the 21st and 24th. At the beginning of the month, a broad low pressure trough crossed the state producing widespread rain for most districts, several locations observed new record highest daily rainfall totals associated with this event. The passage of a low pressure system on the 11th across southern parts of the state resulted in patchy rain and isolated thunderstorms which continued through to the 14th. Another slow moving low pressure system crossed south of the state on the 21st, producing rain and thunderstorm activity through to the 24th.

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall totals over the pastoral districts were mostly average to above average though tending below average in the far Northeast. Totals typically ranged between 30 to 60 mm, with a number of locations across the Northwest and Far North recording more than double the usual for this time of year. The wettest overall in the Pastoral districts was at Blinman in the Far North, with 96.0 mm; 64.2 mm of which was observed on the 1st which is the highest June daily total on record for this location.

Agricultural Districts

Aside from the far west, above average rainfall was observed across most of the Agricultural districts. Eastern parts of the Eyre Peninsula, the mid north, eastern Kangaroo Island and the lower Murray Valley observed very much above average rainfall for the month. The lower South-east, metropolitan Adelaide, parts of the Mount Lofty ranges and southern parts of the Yorke Peninsula tended more average through June.

Totals were in the range of 60 to 80mm in most locations, but tending higher and in excess of 100 mm across the Mount Lofty and Flinders Ranges, with several locations observing daily and monthly highest on record. The wettest overall for the month in the agricultural districts was at Parawa (Sharon) in the southern part Mount Lofty Ranges with a record high 266.6 mm, surpassing the previous wettest June by nearly 3 mm which was observed in 1955.

Some sites had their highest total June rainfall on record. Some sites had their highest total June rainfall for at least 25 years. Some sites had their highest June daily rainfall on record. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

The mean temperature (the average of the maximum and minimum temperatures) for South Australia as a whole in June 2013 was 0.6 °C above the long-term average. By contrast, June 2012 was 0.14 °C below average. Mean temperatures at particular stations ranged from 8.4°C at Yongala in the Upper North to 14.9°C at Neptune Island off the southeast coast of Eyre Peninsula.

Maximum Temperature

Mean maximum temperatures over South Australia were generally below average across the State throughout June, particularly for the Northwest pastoral. Averaged across the state as a whole,  June maximum temperatures were 0.3 °C below normal. Some locations were as cool as 2 °C below average across the northwest of the state. Southern coastal regions and eastern parts of the state observed daytime temperature more near average.

Average daily maximum temperatures ranged from 10.8°C at Mount Lofty to 20.6 °C at Moomba Airport in the Northeast district.

The coldest periods for many locations occurred through the third and fourth week of June as low pressure and cold frontal systems crossed south of the state. Mount Lofty recorded the coldest day of the month when its maximum temperature only reached 7.2°C on the 21st. 

The warmest day for much of the state occurred on the 10th and 11th in the northerly air stream ahead of low pressure trough. Moomba Airport observed the hottest day for any location in the State, reaching 29.3°C on the 11th

See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.

Minimum Temperature

Mean minimum temperatures were widely above average across South Australia through June; with a state-wide average at 1.6 °C above normal, June 2013 is the warmest with respect to night-time temperatures since 2004. The warmest part of the state with respect to overnight temperatures was across the far north of the northwest pastoral district where minimum temperatures were in excess of 2°C warmer than normal.

The warmest nights for most of South Australia occurred through the first 2 weeks of June, while the latter half of the month saw cooler conditions prevail. Moomba Airport observed the warmest night for any location in the state on the 1st, with a minimum of 18.5 °C. Coonawarra, in the Southeast of the state, observed the coldest night with a minimum of -2.8 °C on June 20th.

The warmest nights on average were observed at Neptune Island with 13.2°C, while Yongala observed the coolest nights on average with a monthly average 3.9 °C.

See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Further information

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Extremes in June 2013
Hottest day 29.3 °C at Moomba Airport on the 11th
Warmest days on average 20.6 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 10.8 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 7.2 °C at Mount Lofty on the 21st
Coldest night -2.8 °C at Coonawarra on the 20th
Coolest nights on average 3.9 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 13.2 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 18.5 °C at Moomba Airport on the 1st
Warmest on average overall 14.9 °C at Neptune Island
Coolest on average overall 8.4 °C at Yongala
Wettest overall 266.6 mm at Parawa (Sharon)
Driest overall 2.0 mm at Moomba Airport
Wettest day 88.4 mm at Cudlee Creek (Millbrook) on the 1st
Highest wind gust 87 km/h at Sellicks Hill (Mount Terrible Radar) on the 12th

Record highest June daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in June 2013 (mm)
Previous wettest
for June
Years of
record
Blinman 64.2 on the 1st 42.2 on the 29th in 1939 130
Adelaide (Salisbury Bowling Club) 70.0 on the 1st 50.8 on the 21st in 1957 129
Murray Bridge Comparison 62.0 on the 1st 41.0 on the 23rd in 2005 127
Palmer 43.2 on the 1st 39.9 on the 23rd in 1915 111
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook) 88.4 on the 1st 79.6 on the 25th in 1981 100
Beltana Station 46.4 on the 1st 44.5 on the 16th in 1957 83
Woomera (Pernatty Station) 37.2 on the 1st 33.0 on the 13th in 1951 82
Parafield Airport 59.8 on the 1st 51.4 on the 5th in 1988 65
Parawa (Sharon) 71.4 on the 1st 67.6 on the 17th in 1955 60
Flinders Chase (Rocky River) 82.2 on the 12th 52.0 on the 7th in 1994 54
Williamstown (South Para Reservoir) 50.0 on the 1st 49.6 on the 27th in 1990 46
Parachilna (Motpena) 58.0 on the 1st 34.0 on the 10th in 1995 45
Policeman Point 40.2 on the 2nd 32.0 on the 25th in 1981 42
Edinburgh RAAF 59.2 on the 1st 51.0 on the 21st in 2005 41
Wilpena Pound 78.0 on the 1st 53.6 on the 10th in 1995 39
Adelaide (Hope Valley Reservoir) 52.2 on the 1st 46.0 on the 23rd in 1981 35
Leigh Creek Airport 35.6 on the 1st 29.8 on the 2nd in 2004 29
Beltana Roadhouse 45.4 on the 1st 27.2 on the 6th in 2001 28



Record highest total June rainfall
Total rainfall
for June 2013 (mm)
Previous wettest
for June
Years of
record
Average for
June
Melrose 241.2 217.2 in 1920 152 75.3
Orroroo (Black Rock) 121.6 115.0 in 1909 136 34.1
Crystal Brook 125.6 118.4 in 1981 133 48.6
Yongala 108.8 98.1 in 1920 133 39.6
Peterborough 113.0 89.0 in 1981 132 34.4
Cleve 123.4 122.2 in 1978 118 47.2
Booleroo Centre (Willowie) 120.5 93.6 in 1920 116 35.1
Bruce 103.6 95.6 in 1907 116 28.7
Penneshaw 181.6 158.5 in 1954 102 72.0
Whyalla (Mullaquana) 82.8 = 82.8 in 1994 97 25.0
Oodla Wirra 108.2 84.8 in 2001 89 29.7
Parawa (Sharon) 266.6 263.8 in 1955 72 137.8
Price 113.3 96.8 in 1991 69 38.5
Parachilna (Motpena) 76.6 74.6 in 2001 45 19.6
Oodla Wirra (McCoys Well) 72.8 68.6 in 1994 41 19.4
Whyalla Aero 91.8 71.5 in 2001 30 27.5

Highest total June rainfall for at least 25 years
Total rainfall
for June 2013 (mm)
Most recent June
at least this wet
Years since
wetter
Average for
June
Orroroo 106.2 120.1 in 1909 104 38.4
Carrieton 114.0 114.9 in 1909* 103 34.7
Whyte Yarcowie 88.8 97.3 in 1909* 103 36.8
Curnomona (Curnamona) 63.2 82.9 in 1912 101 16.6
Appila 94.8 98.4 in 1920 93 42.1
Wirrabara 120.9 166.7 in 1920 93 59.0
Booleroo Centre 125.2 130.4 in 1923 90 47.0
Port Germein 99.2 106.3 in 1941 72 36.6
Woomera (Pernatty Station) 54.8 69.5 in 1951* 59 14.1
Cooke Plains 107.4 113.3 in 1955 58 45.4
Manna Hill 58.6 73.2 in 1957 56 19.0
Wharminda 92.6 134.6 in 1923* 56 42.9
Ungarra 106.6 141.1 in 1956* 51 54.2
Kingscote 120.9 138.7 in 1956* 46 73.0
American River 165.4 176.4 in 1978 35 78.5
Arkaroola 42.7 50.6 in 1978 35 15.0
Cleve Aerodrome 107.4 122.6 in 1978 35 43.5
Quorn 96.4 132.0 in 1978 35 38.7
Tumby Bay 96.2 103.8 in 1978 35 43.6
Blinman 96.0 101.3 in 1981 32 35.2
Elliston 144.5 150.0 in 1981 32 73.1
Flinders Chase (Rocky River) 221.8 262.3 in 1981 32 120.2
Hawker 100.2 105.8 in 1981 32 38.2
Jamestown 130.3 161.0 in 1981 32 54.4
Laura 111.7 156.6 in 1981 32 54.4
Wilmington 138.2 143.0 in 1981* 31 55.2
Wilpena Pound 175.0 179.0 in 1981* 29 54.5
Caltowie 113.6 186.8 in 1985* 27 52.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.






Summary statistics for June 2013
Maximum temperatures
for June
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for June
(°C)
Rainfall
for June
(millimetres)
Mean for
June
2013
Diff
from
average
Highest for
June
2013
Mean for
June
2013
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
June
2013
Total for
June
2013
Average
for
June
Rank of
June
2013
Fraction of
June
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 17.7 -0.9 23.0 10th 9.0 +2.1 4.7 18th 63.8 16.0 v high 399%
Coober Pedy Airport 16.7   24.0 10th 8.2   4.8 20th 43.4
Ernabella (Pukatja) 15.9   23.7 10th 6.4   -0.7 23rd 18.4
Marla Police Station 17.7 -2.0 25.3 10th 7.7 +2.3 0.8 30th 17.2 14.1 high 122%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 17.8   23.0 10th 7.4   0.8 18th 56.6
Tarcoola Aero 18.2   25.1 10th 7.2   0.8 18th 25.4
Woomera Aerodrome 16.8 -0.6 22.1 10th 7.8 +1.1 3.7 18th 38.2 16.0 v high 239%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 16.4 -0.4 21.7 10th 5.6 +1.2 -1.8 18th 42.7 15.0 v high 285%
Leigh Creek Airport 16.6 -0.4 21.4 10th 7.0 +1.6 0.5 18th 48.8 17.2 v high 284%
Marree Aero 18.5   23.6 10th 7.6   2.3 18th 31.2
Marree Comparison 19.1 -0.5 24.8 10th 8.5 +2.6 2.0 18th 32.9 13.7 high 240%
Moomba Airport 20.6   29.3 11th 9.0   3.0 17th 2.0
Oodnadatta Airport 18.9 -1.0 25.9 10th 8.0 +1.5 1.7 17th 6.8 11.7 average 58%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 17.8 -0.4 23.8 10th 7.8 +1.4 1.8 18th 60.6 35.3 high 172%
Cleve 16.0 0.0 21.3 10th 9.0 +1.0 4.4 17th 123.4 47.2 highest 261%
Cleve Aerodrome 15.7   21.2 10th 9.1   4.6 17th 107.4 43.5 v high 247%
Coulta (Coles Point) 16.5 +0.1 20.3 10th 7.6 -0.6 3.3 18th 51.2 57.9 average 88%
Cummins Aero 16.4   20.8 10th 6.6   0.8 18th 100.6
Elliston 17.4 +0.3 21.8 10th 8.8 +0.3 1.8 17th 144.5 73.1 v high 198%
Kimba 15.5 -0.5 21.6 10th 7.5 +1.6 2.8 20th 80.2 40.2 v high 200%
Kyancutta 17.7 -0.1 23.7 10th 6.6 +1.3 0.2 17th 52.2 38.7 high 135%
Minnipa Pirsa 16.3   22.6 10th 8.0   3.6 18th 44.4
Neptune Island 16.6 +0.6 19.1 6th 13.2 +0.9 9.9 22nd 143.0 68.0 v high 210%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 17.0 +0.2 21.1 10th 9.1 +0.5 4.3 25th 82.8 61.7 high 134%
Nullarbor 18.0 -0.8 25.2 10th 8.0 +1.7 2.3 30th 39.0 30.2 high 129%
Port Augusta Aero 17.3   21.8 10th 7.4   1.8 17th 74.0
Streaky Bay 17.8 +0.6 22.3 10th 9.9 +0.9 5.5 17th 60.1 62.4 average 96%
Whyalla Aero 16.6 -0.6 22.4 10th 8.1 +2.1 2.5 17th 91.8 27.5 highest 334%
Wudinna Aero 17.2   23.4 10th 7.2   0.8 18th 52.0
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 15.4 -1.0 18.8 10th 5.8 +1.4 0.1 17th 100.2 38.2 v high 262%
Yongala 13.0 -0.6 17.7 10th 3.9 +1.1 -0.9 17th 108.8 39.6 highest 275%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot)     19.5 27th 4.4   -1.4 26th 54.8
Yunta Airstrip 15.4   21.1 10th 4.9   -1.7 19th 40.4
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 13.2   17.4 10th 5.0   -0.9 17th 120.2 65.7 v high 183%
Port Pirie Aerodrome 16.4   20.0 10th 7.7   2.5 17th 126.4
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 15.6   19.8 10th 6.5   1.2 17th 114.4
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 16.0 +0.2 19.7 10th 9.5 +0.6 4.4 26th 87.6
Kadina AWS 16.1   19.4 10th 6.4   0.9 18th 77.4
Maitland 15.5 +0.1 19.0 10th 8.5 +0.6 4.9 17th 86.4 69.5 average 124%
Minlaton Aero 16.6   19.7 11th 8.3   3.4 29th 47.8
Stenhouse Bay 16.6   20.7 10th 10.9   6.2 20th 88.8
Warooka 16.3 +0.4 18.8 3rd 9.5 +1.0 5.8 17th 94.6 65.3 high 145%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 15.4   18.3 9th 10.4   7.1 19th 151.6
Cape Willoughby 15.4 +0.5 18.6 30th 12.0 +1.2 9.8 22nd 103.0 75.1 high 137%
Kingscote Aero 16.3   19.8 10th 8.2   1.0 20th 127.4 67.1 v high 190%
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 16.4 +0.3 20.0 10th 8.6 +0.5 3.6 19th 76.4 79.3 average 96%
Adelaide Airport 16.1 +0.2 19.0 10th 8.2 +0.6 2.5 19th 76.0 56.6 high 134%
Edinburgh RAAF 16.1 +0.2 20.1 10th 7.2 +0.4 1.2 19th 85.0 54.7 high 155%
Parafield Airport 16.3 +0.5 19.9 10th 6.9 -0.2 0.9 19th 84.2 54.5 high 154%
Roseworthy AWS 16.0   20.2 10th 7.0   1.4 16th 47.6
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 13.9   18.1 10th 5.3   0.2 17th 54.6
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 15.8 +0.2 20.0 10th 6.4 +0.2 0.5 19th 72.0 56.7 high 127%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 15.9   19.3 10th 9.2   3.9 25th 82.4
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 13.4   16.4 10th 7.9   5.2 20th 125.4
Mount Barker 13.7 0.0 17.6 10th 6.4 +1.2 1.2 19th 140.6 100.2 high 140%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 11.9   15.5 10th 7.3   4.4 24th 103.6 84.8 average 122%
Mount Lofty 10.8   13.3 10th 6.5   3.8 22nd 123.0
Noarlunga 15.8   18.0 10th 9.9   5.8 16th 74.0
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 12.9   14.9 30th 8.5   5.8 20th 222.0 126.2 v high 176%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 16.0   18.9 10th 7.4   0.9 20th 125.8
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.3 0.0 21.3 10th 5.4 +0.7 -0.4 25th 45.0 25.9 high 174%
Renmark Aero 16.4   21.4 10th 4.8   -1.5 26th 32.6
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.6 -0.1 18.1 10th 6.2 +0.5 2.3 26th 74.6 52.1 high 143%
Meningie 16.2 +0.6 19.2 10th 7.2 +0.2 1.9 20th 86.2 62.2 high 139%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 16.2   20.5 10th 6.4   -0.4 25th 73.6
Murray Bridge Comparison 17.2 +0.5 22.3 10th 6.9 +0.9 1.5 19th 92.2 38.4 v high 240%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.6   19.1 10th 7.7   2.4 20th 104.6
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 16.2   21.5 10th 5.8   0.0 19th 57.4 35.4 high 162%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 15.7 +0.2 19.9 10th 5.7 -0.2 -0.8 25th 85.4 52.9 high 161%
Keith (Munkora) 15.8   19.9 10th 5.5   -1.3 25th 84.4
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 15.7   20.4 10th 5.4   1.0 25th 39.4
Lameroo Comparison 16.0 +0.4 20.9 10th 6.2 +1.1 1.9 20th 40.7 40.6 average 100%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 15.0 +0.3 17.8 10th 7.9 -0.1 1.1 25th 63.2 69.3 average 91%
Coonawarra 14.9 +0.4 18.5 10th 5.4 0.0 -2.8 20th 54.6 75.4 low 72%
Mount Gambier Aero 14.5 +0.7 17.4 10th 6.0 +0.3 -0.9 20th 75.2 83.5 average 90%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 14.9   18.3 10th 5.8   -2.2 25th 60.2
Padthaway South 15.2   19.3 10th 5.9   -1.9 25th 73.0
Robe Airfield 15.5   18.6 10th 6.6   -0.6 25th 72.0
Robe Comparison 14.7 +0.4 16.9 30th 8.8 0.0 2.3 25th 79.6 95.3 average 84%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 1 July 2013. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries