Monday, 1 December 2008 - Monthly Climate Summary for Victoria - Product code IDCKGC26R0

Victoria in November 2008
A better month for rainfall.

Summary

November rainfall was near to or above the long-term (all years of record) normal in most Districts, largely on account of the development of cloud bands ahead of cold fronts, and several east coast low developments later in the month. The development of the cloud bands was related to a sharp warming of the ocean to the north of Australia.  

Both daytime and overnight temperatures were close to or slightly above normal in all Districts.

In the Melbourne CBD, the average minimum temperature was 12.6 deg C (1.5 deg C above the long-term average over all years of record), whilst the average maximum temperature has been 23.0 deg C (1.1 deg C above the long-term average). Total November rainfall was 52.6 mm, close to the long-term average of 59.5 mm.

The Melbourne CBD is usually warmer than the suburbs on account of what is known as the "heat island effect", a feature of the inner areas of most major cities.  This effect occurs on account of the ability of the buildings and roads to absorb heat (and then to re-radiate it back into the atmosphere) more effectively than grassland and forest.

This point is effectively illustrated by the fact that, away from the city centre at Melbourne Airport, average temperatures were not as high. The average November 2008 minimum temperature at the Airport was 10.5 deg C (0.3 deg C above the long-term average), whilst the average November 2008 maximum temperature was 22.8 deg C (1.1 deg C above the long-term average).

An archive of previous monthly summaries for Victoria is also available, as are summaries for other states and many other climate summaries and diagnostics.

Further information

Dr Harvey Stern
Climate Meteorologist
Victoria Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (03) 9669 4956
Email climate.vic@bom.gov.au

Summaries

In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.

Summary statistics for November 2008
Maximum temperatures
for November
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for November
(°C)
Rainfall
for November
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2008
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2008
Mean for
November
2008
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2008
Total for
November
2008
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2008
Fraction of
November
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 26.8 −0.6 37.5 13th 13.1 +0.7 7.4 22nd 39.8 24.3 high 164%
Ouyen 26.4 −0.8 37.3 13th 11.9 +0.5 5.9 22nd 46.6 27.5 high 169%
Walpeup Research 26.4 −0.2 38.2 13th 11.6 +0.4 5.2 22nd 30.4 26.9 average 113%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 26.6   37.8 13th 10.5   3.8 4th 24.0
Swan Hill Aerodrome 26.0 −1.8 36.5 13th 11.9 +0.6 6.4 22nd 45.0 45.6 average 99%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill 24.9 0.0 35.9 13th 9.1 −0.2 1.5 17th 10.6 29.7 low 36%
Nhill Aerodrome 25.2   37.1 13th 9.8   3.7 17th 8.0
Warracknabeal Museum 25.4 −0.2 36.2 13th 10.7 +0.7 5.0 22nd 21.4 30.3 average 71%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 22.9   36.5 12th 9.7   4.2 16th 17.0
Grampians 14.2   26.1 12th 4.3   −1.1 22nd 73.2
Horsham Aerodrome 24.7 −1.3 36.7 13th 9.1 +0.9 2.4 17th 11.6 29.4 very low 39%
Horsham Polkemmet Rd 24.7 0.0 35.9 12th 9.6 +0.1 2.2 17th 12.4 33.5 low 37%
Kanagulk 23.3   35.1 12th 9.0   3.8 21st 16.8
Longerenong 24.9 +0.4 36.8 12th 9.4 +0.5 3.0 30th 10.2 30.6 low 33%
Pyrenees 17.7   29.4 12th 6.8   0.7 22nd 50.8
Stawell Aerodrome 23.2 −0.3 33.8 12th 10.0 +0.7 3.5 21st 25.4 42.2 average 60%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 25.0   35.7 13th 10.9   4.9 22nd 54.8
Echuca Aerodrome 25.8 −0.2 35.0 13th 11.2 0.0 5.8 17th 71.0 32.4 very high 219%
Kerang 25.7 −0.9 36.4 13th 11.8 +0.5 6.4 22nd 63.0 29.0 very high 217%
Kyabram DPI 24.7 −0.1 34.8 13th 11.1 +1.1 6.9 9th 99.0 36.9 very high 268%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 23.7 −0.2 34.1 12th 10.1 +0.9 4.6 21st 61.6 44.4 high 139%
Shepparton Airport 25.0 −0.7 34.4 13th 10.6 +0.6 6.6 9th 123.0 53.2 very high 231%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 24.3 −0.2 33.9 13th 10.6 +0.5 5.4 21st 82.8 39.7 very high 209%
Yarrawonga 25.8 −0.9 34.6 13th 11.5 +0.7 6.6 17th 59.0 42.3 high 139%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Beechworth Woolshed 24.1 −0.2 31.2 13th 8.6 +0.4 3.6 21st 65.4 58.2 average 112%
Benalla Airport 25.1   33.9 13th 10.4   4.5 5th 74.5
Corryong Airport 25.0   31.8 13th 7.8   1.9 5th 70.3
Dartmouth Reservoir 23.3 −0.4 30.5 13th 9.4 0.0 4.5 5th 131.8 67.6 very high 195%
Hunters Hill 18.7 −0.6 25.7 12th 9.4 −0.1 1.2 22nd 107.2 95.7 average 112%
Rutherglen Research 25.5 +0.2 33.6 13th 10.3 +1.7 5.2 5th 67.0 44.6 high 150%
Strathbogie 20.9 −0.4 29.3 12th 7.3 0.0 1.7 5th 113.6 64.0 high 178%
Wangaratta Aero 25.2 −0.1 33.5 13th 9.5 +0.3 3.6 5th 75.0 54.3 high 138%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Dinner Plain 16.8   24.1 12th 4.2   −2.7 16th 123.6
Edi Upper 23.6 +0.2 31.2 13th 9.9 +0.5 5.2 22nd 136.2 86.0 high 158%
Falls Creek 11.8 −0.4 20.3 12th 3.5 −0.3 −3.8 4th 222.4 118.9 very high 187%
Mount Buller 11.2 −0.9 19.0 13th 3.9 −0.5 −3.8 22nd 227.2 132.5 high 171%
Mount Hotham 9.8 −1.1 17.7 12th 2.6 −1.0 −4.8 4th 194.4 134.7 high 144%
Omeo 21.7   30.3 12th 7.2   −0.4 5th 94.8
Omeo Comparison 21.5 0.0 29.3 12th 7.1 +0.6 −0.2 5th 93.8 65.1 high 144%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 20.9 +0.4 32.2 13th 9.7 +0.2 3.7 5th 178.0 118.8 high 150%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 18.7 +0.4 22.4 13th 13.6 +1.0 7.9 5th 130.2 73.0 high 178%
Gelantipy 19.6 +1.0 29.8 13th 8.3 +0.8 2.8 5th 200.8 100.4 high 200%
Lakes Entrance 19.8   35.9 13th 11.6   4.0 5th 155.1
Mallacoota 20.5 +0.4 29.6 13th 12.0 +0.3 3.2 5th 151.6 91.5 high 166%
Mount Nowa Nowa 19.9 −0.7 34.5 13th 10.5 +0.1 5.5 22nd 256.2 93.8 very high 273%
Orbost 20.9   36.3 13th 11.0   3.5 5th 170.8
Orbost 21.3 −0.2 36.0 13th 10.6 +0.5 2.3 5th 174.2 72.7 very high 240%
Point Hicks 20.7 +0.6 32.8 13th 12.4 −0.2 5.6 5th 92.9 81.1 average 115%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 21.5 +0.1 37.3 13th 10.0 +0.6 1.6 5th 137.2 83.3 high 165%
East Sale Airport 21.9 +0.8 35.8 13th 9.9 +0.5 2.4 5th 115.0 63.0 very high 183%
Morwell 22.6 +1.0 33.8 12th 9.8 +0.4 1.2 17th 70.0 75.3 average 93%
Mount Baw Baw 11.0   20.6 12th 3.2   −2.8 4th 53.2
Mount Moornapa 20.8 +0.1 32.9 13th 9.4 −0.1 5.0 22nd 238.6 119.1 very high 200%
Noojee 20.1 −0.4 31.3 12th 8.7 +0.5 3.7 17th 157.4 101.5 high 155%
Pound Creek 20.3   31.5 12th 9.8   0.7 5th 53.0
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 16.9 −0.3 30.5 13th 12.0 +0.8 7.7 22nd 90.8 71.1 high 128%
Yarram Airport 21.3   34.6 13th 10.0   1.1 5th 111.0
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora 22.6 +0.4 36.0 12th 10.8 +0.3 6.0 5th 86.2 67.1 high 128%
Cerberus 20.9 +0.9 33.7 13th 10.9 +0.5 2.8 5th 33.8 54.1 average 62%
Coldstream 22.0 −0.3 32.7 12th 8.7 +0.3 0.8 17th 95.2 67.5 high 141%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 21.8 +1.1 33.5 12th 10.2 0.0 4.0 5th 62.9 72.1 average 87%
Essendon Airport 22.8 +1.3 34.5 13th 11.0 +1.3 5.9 5th 44.2 57.2 average 77%
Ferny Creek 17.5 −0.2 29.7 12th 8.7 −0.1 3.8 22nd 153.8 102.5 high 150%
Frankston AWS 20.5 +0.6 32.5 12th 12.4 +0.5 7.5 5th
Melbourne Airport 22.8 +1.1 34.8 12th 10.5 +0.3 5.2 5th 45.4 59.0 average 77%
Melbourne Regional Office 23.0 +1.1 35.4 12th 12.6 +1.5 7.9 22nd 52.6 59.5 average 88%
Moorabbin Airport 22.3 +0.9 34.1 12th 11.4 +0.6 5.3 5th 50.6 61.4 average 82%
Rhyll 19.9 +0.3 28.4 13th 12.2 +0.3 7.9 22nd 52.0 55.9 average 93%
Scoresby Research Institute 21.9 +0.7 33.1 12th 10.4 +0.2 4.3 5th 91.2 80.1 average 114%
Viewbank 22.8   34.8 12th 10.9   5.8 5th 90.6
Wallan 19.3 +0.3 30.0 12th 8.5 −0.1 3.5 22nd 75.6 62.7 average 121%
Wonthaggi 20.3 +0.5 31.5 13th 10.8 +0.6 3.9 5th 77.5 69.2 average 112%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 22.9 +1.0 35.4 13th 10.4 0.0 4.5 5th 25.2 43.3 average 58%
Grovedale 21.9 +1.5 35.6 13th 9.7 +0.3 2.6 5th 31.8 51.4 average 62%
Laverton RAAF 22.7 +1.3 34.9 12th 10.9 +0.9 4.5 5th 30.4 51.0 low 60%
Sheoaks 21.5 +1.1 33.5 12th 8.8 +0.1 0.5 17th 30.8 60.7 low 51%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 22.1 −0.4 32.2 12th 9.4 +0.4 2.9 21st 66.8 45.5 high 147%
Eildon Fire Tower 20.2 −0.3 30.8 12th 9.1 −0.3 2.9 23rd 84.0 50.3 high 167%
Lake Eildon 23.3 +0.1 33.0 12th 9.5 +0.4 3.0 17th 101.1 67.2 high 150%
Mangalore Airport 23.8 −0.4 34.1 13th 10.5 +0.8 5.4 9th 85.8 47.1 high 182%
Maryborough 23.2 −0.4 33.5 12th 9.7 +0.3 4.0 21st 55.9 38.7 high 144%
Redesdale 22.7 −0.4 32.2 12th 8.9 +0.8 2.3 21st 56.4 40.0 high 141%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 22.0 +0.8 33.0 12th 8.3 +0.7 0.7 21st 32.8 44.6 average 74%
Ballarat Aerodrome 20.4 +0.9 30.8 12th 8.2 +0.4 2.9 17th 57.6 55.3 average 104%
Westmere 22.2   34.0 12th 7.7   0.0 17th 48.2
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 19.9 +0.6 33.8 13th 11.0 +0.3 6.2 22nd 46.8 60.5 average 77%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 17.9 −0.2 27.6 12th 11.7 −0.1 7.0 22nd 37.2 43.8 average 85%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 17.3 −1.0 31.2 13th 11.0 +0.4 6.1 5th 35.6 63.9 low 56%
Casterton 21.5   34.1 12th 9.0   −0.4 17th 25.2
Casterton Showgrounds 22.7 +1.0 35.1 12th 9.2 +0.4 0.0 18th 21.6 47.6 low 45%
Colac 20.5   33.7 12th 8.9   4.5 22nd 34.8
Hamilton Airport 21.5 +1.0 34.5 12th 8.3 +0.4 −0.1 17th 31.0 49.8 low 62%
Mortlake Racecourse 21.0 +0.8 34.2 13th 8.3 +0.8 −0.4 17th 38.8 51.8 low 75%
Port Fairy AWS 20.0 +0.4 33.6 13th 11.2 +0.3 8.1 5th 28.6 47.0 low 61%
Portland 18.1 −0.4 28.7 11th 10.1 +0.4 7.4 22nd 26.2 53.1 low 49%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 20.3 +0.3 32.2 13th 9.1 +0.5 4.1 2nd 41.8 57.5 average 73%
Weeaproinah 15.4 −0.7 27.8 13th 7.8 −0.3 3.1 22nd 154.8 139.3 average 111%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 December 2008. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Dr Harvey Stern
Climate Meteorologist
Victoria Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (03) 9669 4956
Email climate.vic@bom.gov.au