Victoria in March 2010: Rainfall much more than that usually received.

Summary

Across the State of Victoria, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.3C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were slightly warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 0.6C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 217.6%).

Over the northern plains, minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.3C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were near to those registered in the past (average departure from normal 0.1C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 280.6%).

In southern districts, minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.3C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1.3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 140.6%).

Details

In the Mallee, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.4C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were near to those registered in the past (average departure from normal 0.4C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 197.5%).

Specifically, at Mildura, which is on the Murray River in the Sunraysia fruitgrowing district, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 14.9C (departure from normal 1.1C). Daytime maximum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 28.9C (departure from normal 0.6C). Total rainfall for the month was 36.2 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 18.3 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 198%).

In the Wimmera, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.4C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were near to those registered in the past (average departure from normal 0C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 276.5%).

Sunset over Mount Arapiles, west of Horsham, Victoria / photograph by Tim Boehm.Some 300 kilometres to the south of Mildura in the State's Wimmera district, Horsham is an agricultural town that is the hub of a region that produces a quarter of Victoria's wheat and barley. Here, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 11.1C (departure from normal 1.4C). Daytime maximum temperatures were near to those usually experienced and averaged 26.9C (departure from normal -0.2C). Total rainfall for the month was 41.6 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 13.6 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 306%).

In the Northern Country, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.6C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were near to those registered in the past (average departure from normal 0C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 331%).

At Bendigo, which is the State's second largest inland city, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 12.8C (departure from normal 1.5C). Daytime maximum temperatures were near to those usually experienced and averaged 25.8C (departure from normal -0.2C). Total rainfall for the month was 116.4 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 26.5 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 439%).

In Victoria's North Central District, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.5C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were near to those registered in the past (average departure from normal 0.2C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 311%).

At Maryborough, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 12.7C (departure from normal 1.5C). Daytime maximum temperatures were near to those usually experienced and averaged 25.3C (departure from normal -0.1C). Total rainfall for the month was 90 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 35 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 257%).

In the North East District, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.1C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were near to those registered in the past (average departure from normal -0.1C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 285%).

At Rutherglen, which is located just 10 kilometres from the Murray River on Lake King, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 11.7C (departure from normal 0.8C). Daytime maximum temperatures were near to those usually experienced and averaged 27.3C (departure from normal -0.1C). Total rainfall for the month was 77.2 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 37.6 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 205%).

Straddling the NSW Victorian border, not far from the shores of Lake Hume, are the twin cities of Albury and Wodonga. Here, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 13.8C (departure from normal 1.4C). Daytime maximum temperatures were near to those usually experienced and averaged 27.4C (departure from normal -0.3C). Total rainfall for the month was 110 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 27.4 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 401%).

Located in the heart of Victoria's alpine region, at about 1800 metres above sea level, is Mount Buller. Here, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 7.6C (departure from normal 1C). Daytime maximum temperatures were near to those usually experienced and averaged 14.5C (departure from normal 0.2C). Total precipitation for the month was 180.6 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 72.4 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 249%).

In East Gippsland, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 0.9C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1.5C). Total rainfall for the month was generally slightly less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 67%).

At the popular tourist destination of Mallacoota, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 14.7C (departure from normal 0.9C). Daytime maximum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 23.7C (departure from normal 1.5C). Total rainfall for the month was 42 mm, this being less than that usually recorded (normal 67.1 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 63%).

In West Gippsland, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.2C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1.6C). Total rainfall for the month was generally slightly more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 120%).

At Sale, located in the east of the Latrobe Valley, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 12.2C (departure from normal 0.8C). Daytime maximum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 25.2C (departure from normal 1.7C). Total rainfall for the month was 50.4 mm, this being close to that usually recorded (normal 48.8 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 103%).

In the Central District, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.9C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1.3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 186.7%).

Some 20 kilometres northwest of the Melbourne city centre, Melbourne Airport, is typical of the Central District, being located in a somewhat rural setting. Here, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 14.4C (departure from normal 1.8C). Daytime maximum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 25C (departure from normal 1C). Total rainfall for the month was 86.2 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 37.3 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 231%).

In the Western District, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were slightly warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much more than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received during the past month 165.5%).

At Ballarat, which is the State's largest inland city, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 11.6C (departure from normal 1.7C). Daytime maximum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 22.9C (departure from normal 0.7C). Total rainfall for the month was 117.2 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 43 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 273%).

In the far southwest of the State, at Casterton, which is a small township nestled amongst rolling hills through which meanders the Glenelg River, overnight minimum temperatures were near to those usually experienced and averaged 11C (departure from normal 0.2C). Daytime maximum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 25.7C (departure from normal 1.2C). Total rainfall for the month was 21 mm, this being less than that usually recorded (normal 36.2 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 58%).

Melbourne climate summary for the past month

Rainfall much more than that usually received.

The city of Melbourne's total rainfall for the month was 79 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 50.4 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 157%).

Overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those historically experienced and averaged 16.3C (departure from normal 3.1C), partly on account of the heat island effect (cities are usually warmer than their rural surroundings, especially at night, because of heat stored in bricks and concrete and trapped between close-packed buildings).

Daytime maximum temperatures were also much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 26.2C (departure from normal 2.3C).

The maximum temperature in the city has now reached  20C on every day since 9 December last year (113 days), the longest string of 20C+ days on record (previous record: 78 days, set between 29 December 2000 and 16 March 2001).

On 6 March, a developing low pressure system with an associated low pressure trough to the west of Victoria generated showers and thunderstorms in the west of the State during the morning, which spread eastward and intensified during the early afternoon. Severe thunderstorms developed to the northwest of the Melbourne Metropolitan Area and moved through the city from early afternoon progressing to the eastern suburbs and then into West Gippsland later in the afternoon.

The severe thunderstorms were associated with large hail and heavy rain resulting in widespread flash flooding and water and hail damage to property. Hail of 10cm was reported at 3.30 pm at Ferntree Gully, with 7cm hail at 3:30pm Ferny Creek, and 5cm hail at Blackburn and Glen Iris. Historically, the only comparable report of such large hail in Melbourne was from 14 November 1901 when "an egg shaped mass of ice (was) picked up in Victoria Parade (that) had dimensions 7 cm x 4.5 cm x 4 cm."

 Selected Melbourne suburbs

In the suburb of Essendon, which is located some 15 kilometres to the northwest of the city centre, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 14.6C (departure from normal 2.3C). Daytime maximum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 25.2C (departure from normal 1.3C). Total rainfall for the month was 82 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 39.9 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 206%).

The suburb of Laverton is located some 30 kilometres to the southwest of the city centre, and is often under the drying influence of the rain shadow from the ranges of western Victoria. Here, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 14.6C (departure from normal 2.1C). Daytime maximum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 25.2C (departure from normal 1.6C). Total rainfall for the month was 70.8 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 35.6 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 199%).

In the suburb of Bundoora, which is located some 20 kilometres to the northeast of the city centre, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 14.4C (departure from normal 2.1C). Daytime maximum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 25.6C (departure from normal 1.4C). Total rainfall for the month was 76.2 mm, this being much more than that usually recorded (normal 44.5 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 171%).

In the suburb of Moorabbin, which is located some 20 kilometres to the southeast of the city centre, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 14.5C (departure from normal 1.7C). Daytime maximum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 24.9C (departure from normal 1.2C). Total rainfall for the month was 58.4 mm, this being slightly more than that usually recorded (normal 44.8 mm, percentage of normal received during the past month 130%).

Rainfall

Some sites had their highest total March rainfall on record.

Some sites had their highest total March rainfall for at least 10 years. Some sites had their lowest total March rainfall on record.

There is a map of rainfall deciles below.

Maximum temperature

Some sites had their highest March mean daily maximum temperature on record.

There is a map of maximum temperature anomalies below.

Minimum temperature

Some sites had their highest March mean daily minimum temperature on record.

Some sites had their highest March mean daily minimum temperature for at least 10 years.

There is a map of minimum temperature anomalies below.

Synoptic summary

The generally warmer than normal conditions were associated with extended periods of northerly flow across eastern Australia, because of the tendency for high pressure systems to be located over the Tasman Sea, where Mean Sea Level pressures averaged more than 4 hPa above the long term average.

The generally wetter than normal conditions may be linked to the frequent incursions of moisture brought by ex-tropical cyclones, which were steered over inland Queensland by the easterly flow on the northern flank of the Tasman Sea anticyclones.

Mean Sea Level pressures were well above normal over Victoria for much of the month. Melbourne's reading of 1037.6 hPa at 9.53am on the 12th was the highest on record for March. 

Further information

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Enquiries

Extremes in March 2010
Hottest day 36.6 C at Walpeup Research on the 17th
Warmest days on average 28.9 C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 13.1 C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 4.3 C at Mount Baw Baw on the 10th
Coldest night -1.1 C at Falls Creek on the 11th
Coolest nights on average 6.6 C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 236.2 mm at Falls Creek (Rocky Valley)
Wettest day 90.2 mm at The Basin (Dandenong Ck @ Liverpool Rd R on the 9th
Highest wind gust 156 km/h at Shepparton Airport on the 7th

Maps

Anomaly in mean maximum temperature

Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature

Anomaly in mean minimum temperature

Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature

Rainfall deciles

Map of Rainfall deciles


Record highest total March rainfall
Total rainfall
for March 2010 (mm)
Previous highest
for March
Years of
record
Average for
March
Mangalore Airport 126.0 109.7 in 1970 51 34.5
Kyabram DPI 100.0 84.6 in 1989 47 27.0
Strath Creek 96.8 96.4 in 1989 28 36.1
Avoca (Homebush) 70.4 63.6 in 1996 23 18.5
Bendigo Airport 116.4 79.8 in 1996 19 26.5
Kinglake West 125.2 118.8 in 2001 17 59.2
Yarrawonga 76.8 47.0 in 1997 17 27.1
Albury Airport AWS 110.0 67.6 in 2001 16 27.4
Hunters Hill 154.0 116.2 in 2000 16 51.3
Mortlake Racecourse 57.2 51.0 in 2003 16 30.3
Acheron River @ Taggerty 108.2 72.2 in 2007 15 32.8
Bacchus Marsh (Golf Club) 84.8 62.6 in 1995 15 24.4
Eildon Fire Tower 98.8 67.0 in 2009 14 34.0
Lima East (Charnwood) 163.8 97.0 in 1996 14 41.6
Myrtleford 105.4 87.9 in 1970 14 42.3
Shepparton Airport 111.6 65.2 in 1999 14 24.2
Swan Hill Aerodrome 73.2 32.6 in 2001 14 14.6
Hopetoun (Wirrbibial Downs) 43.2 29.2 in 2007 13 15.1
Horsham Aerodrome 41.6 30.8 in 1999 13 13.6
Gapsted (Ovens River at Rocky Point) 89.2 58.2 in 2002 11 37.6
Anakie (Granite Road) 50.0 32.0 in 2009 10 17.9
Angler's Rest (Big River at Joker Creek) 120.6 72.4 in 2001 10 27.6
Axe Creek @ Strathfieldsaye 111.6 47.2 in 2001 10 26.2
Balook (Mount Tassie) 111.6 97.2 in 2003 10 52.6
Barwon River @ Inverleigh 57.4 42.0 in 2001 10 19.4
Benalla (Broken River at Broken Weir) 114.0 61.0 in 2002 10 36.4
Bet Bet Ck @ Bet Bet 87.4 31.8 in 2001 10 20.6
Bridge Creek (Broken River at D/S Bridge 73.6 65.0 in 2007 10 33.4
Broken River at Benalla 105.6 50.0 in 2007 10 30.6
Buffalo River at Lake Buffalo D/S 139.4 106.4 in 2007 10 56.6
Campaspe River @ Redesdale 105.6 67.6 in 2001 10 24.5
Campaspe River @ Rochester Syphon (202C) 51.4 28.4 in 2007 10 14.2
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 71.4 62.4 in 2001 10 29.0
Dinner Plain (Mount Hotham Airport) 83.8 53.4 in 2007 10 39.6
Edi Upper (Black Range Trout Farm) 142.6 107.8 in 2007 10 58.3
Elmore (Campaspe River @ Campaspe Weir H 53.0 32.2 in 2007 10 12.1
Euroa (Castle Ck at Telford Bridge) 77.8 63.2 in 2007 10 28.0
Fifteen Mile Ck at Greta South 114.8 71.6 in 2007 10 35.4
Gibbo River @ Gibbo Park 93.8 58.2 in 2007 10 37.9
Gnarwarre (Barwon River at Pollocksford) 77.4 73.0 in 2001 10 27.0
Gooram (Hillside) 124.0 75.6 in 2007 10 37.7
Gooram (Morella) 184.8 84.4 in 2007 10 44.4
Holland Ck at Wrightley 120.4 85.0 in 2007 10 48.2
Home Ck @ Yarck 102.4 41.0 in 2007 10 30.9
Hurdle Ck at Bobinawarrah 133.4 60.2 in 2007 10 40.1
Jim Crow Creek @ Yandoit 83.8 63.4 in 2001 10 26.2
Kelvin View (Waterhouse Reservoir) 107.6 69.8 in 2007 10 34.4
Kilfeera (Holland Ck at Kelfeera) 106.0 64.0 in 2007 10 33.9
Kithbrook (Balquhain) 126.8 70.4 in 2007 10 37.7
Leigh River @ Shelford (Golf Hill) 80.0 29.6 in 2001 10 20.0
Lima South (Broken River at Moorngag) 93.8 70.4 in 2007 10 36.4
Loddon River @ Vaughan 83.4 55.6 in 2001 10 23.9
Major Creek @ Graytown 87.2 40.8 in 2007 10 19.1
Merton (Enderlee) 126.4 80.2 in 2007 10 36.8
Moorabool River at Lal Lal 70.2 60.2 in 2001 10 27.2
Morwell River at Boolarra 105.6 71.0 in 2003 10 44.8
Mullidolongong (Kiewa River @ Mongans Br 97.4 71.6 in 2007 10 42.0
Myrhee (Handcocks) 118.8 112.4 in 2007 10 47.7
Myrrhee (Boggy Ck at Angleside) 133.8 61.6 in 2007 10 40.9
Myrrhee (Cryers) 140.4 111.0 in 2007 10 50.9
Nalinga (Broken River @ Gowangardie Weir 73.4 43.2 in 2007 10 24.0
Ovens River at Bright 107.0 87.0 in 2001 10 48.0
Porepunkah (Buckland River at Harris Lan 137.8 71.2 in 2001 10 50.4
Runnymeade (Mount Pleasant Ck @ Runnymed 52.2 29.6 in 2001 10 12.9
Ryans Creek (Ryans Ck at Loombah Reservo 125.0 83.0 in 2007 10 44.5
Seven Creeks at D/S Polly McQuinns Weir 122.6 80.2 in 2009 10 33.6
Seven Creeks at Strathbogie 165.8 78.8 in 2007 10 45.4
Sheans Creek (Heronslea) 93.6 56.4 in 2007 10 29.7
Snowy Creek at Granite Flat 144.2 96.8 in 2001 10 54.1
Strathbogie (Mount Wombat) 123.6 43.8 in 2009 10 29.7
Tanjil River @ Tanjil South 102.4 57.6 in 2001 10 40.2
Tatong (Fld) 110.2 72.2 in 2007 10 36.4
Tolmie (Mount Tabletop Repeater) 125.0 100.0 in 2007 10 45.4
Traralgon Ck at Traralgon South 75.6 49.2 in 2003 10 33.8
Traralgon Creek at Koornalla 60.2 54.2 in 2003 10 34.0
Traralgon EPA 101.4 66.2 in 2007 10 37.9
Tullaroop Ck @ Clunes 108.4 32.0 in 2001 10 21.2
Wattle Ck @ Navarre 57.6 35.4 in 2001 10 16.7
Whitfield (King River at Cheshunt) 170.0 81.4 in 2007 10 51.8
Wonnagatta River @ Waterford 74.2 61.4 in 2002 10 35.4
Wonnangatta River @ Crooked River 65.0 45.2 in 2007 10 24.1
Yarra River @ Warrandyte 78.8 66.6 in 2007 10 44.8

Highest total March rainfall for at least 10 years
Total rainfall
for March 2010 (mm)
Most recent higher
for March
Years since
higher
Average for
March
Beeac (Post Office) 103.0 135.3 in 1941 68 38.4
Avenel (Post Office) 141.8 198.4 in 1950 59 40.2
Cressy 81.2 83.1 in 1946 58 34.1
Nagambie (Goulburn Weir) 140.8 286.1 in 1950 55 38.0
Mansfield (Post Office) 117.8 138.1 in 1956 54 50.2
Bonnie Doon Garage 136.6 139.5 in 1956 53 48.9
Rushworth 127.8 138.1 in 1956 53 35.8
Rochester 98.6 102.9 in 1959 51 31.4
Lismore (Post Office) 78.4 79.3 in 1959 50 35.3
Murchison 118.2 130.0 in 1956 50 38.4
Redesdale 104.2 112.1 in 1959 50 32.5
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 90.2 114.5 in 1969 41 32.6
Alexandra (Post Office) 118.2 136.1 in 1970 40 47.8
Bannockburn 71.4 72.1 in 1970 40 36.2
Lake Eildon 114.2 121.0 in 1970 40 52.2
Seymour Shire Depot 101.7 116.3 in 1970 40 40.0
Ballarat Aerodrome 117.2 132.3 in 1970 39 43.0
Raywood 85.6 105.5 in 1969 39 28.0
Colac (Shire Office) 86.2 86.4 in 1973 36 42.8
Lancefield 102.2 156.6 in 1970 36 44.4
Woods Point 148.4 151.5 in 1970 34 79.6
Werrimull 52.2 60.0 in 1974 32 15.1
Charlton (Donald St) 73.8 113.4 in 1983 27 26.3
Inglewood (Post Office) 75.0 99.8 in 1983 27 29.1
Korong Vale (Burnbank) 73.4 91.6 in 1983 27 24.8
Natte Yallock 81.2 110.0 in 1983 27 28.3
Sea Lake (Post Office) 52.4 72.0 in 1983 27 20.2
Warracknabeal Museum 51.4 73.5 in 1983 27 20.8
Clunes 100.0 108.6 in 1984 26 33.9
Dunolly 76.0 107.2 in 1983 26 27.9
Horsham Polkemmet Rd 39.8 59.8 in 1984 26 23.4
Longerenong 67.4 100.1 in 1984 26 23.1
Natimuk 47.0 57.6 in 1984 26 22.4
Skipton Post Office 82.4 93.4 in 1984 26 38.5
St Arnaud 82.6 136.0 in 1983 26 27.5
Wickliffe 53.0 79.4 in 1984 26 34.0
Beaufort 82.4 110.2 in 1984 25 40.3
Drung Drung 49.5 109.6 in 1984 25 21.5
Wedderburn (Post Office) 81.4 130.2 in 1983 25 27.8
Essendon Airport 82.0 154.1 in 1970 24 39.9
Ultima (Post Office) 59.2 104.0 in 1983 23 21.7
Annuello 55.2 58.6 in 1989 21 20.0
Beechworth Woolshed 85.6 119.9 in 1989 21 42.5
Cairn Curran Reservoir 69.8 79.8 in 1989 21 27.2
Castlemaine Prison 84.2 98.8 in 1989 21 33.4
Cobram (Goulburn Murray) 67.0 91.0 in 1989 21 28.4
Dookie Agricultural College 85.0 194.0 in 1989 21 38.6
Echuca Aerodrome 49.0 66.0 in 1989 21 30.3
Edi Upper 129.2 208.0 in 1989 21 52.9
Eldorado 75.4 113.6 in 1989 21 43.1
Elmore 52.6 88.2 in 1989 21 30.6
Eurobin 121.8 191.0 in 1989 21 64.1
Koetong 152.6 251.9 in 1989 21 70.8
Kyneton 79.6 126.6 in 1989 21 39.1
Lima South (Lake Nillahcootie) 114.4 170.8 in 1989 21 46.4
Mildura Airport 36.2 65.6 in 1989 21 18.3
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 86.6 125.0 in 1989 21 45.5
Nariel Creek (Simpson) 127.4 197.8 in 1989 21 61.6
Ouyen (Post Office) 38.8 42.8 in 1989 21 19.7
Prahran (Como House) 85.2 85.4 in 1989 21 50.5
Red Cliffs (Post Office) 33.2 74.2 in 1989 21 17.2
Rutherglen Research 77.2 94.4 in 1989 21 37.6
Stanhope 62.4 98.8 in 1989 21 32.2
Strathbogie 153.6 160.4 in 1989 21 56.9
Wangaratta Aero 122.2 131.3 in 1989 21 35.4
Whitlands (Burder's Lane) 157.8 212.2 in 1989 21 78.2
Yea 99.8 102.0 in 1989 21 41.4
Burrowye Station 151.3 175.8 in 1989 20 49.5
Canary Island 65.5 95.5 in 1989 20 24.8
Culgoa 68.4 89.6 in 1989 20 22.7
Yan Yean 115.0 120.0 in 1989 20 49.9
Bright 134.8 180.0 in 1989 18 58.2
Euroa 88.2 148.2 in 1989 18 43.3
Boort 97.0 106.8 in 1983 17 26.1
Dartmouth Reservoir 104.4 160.0 in 1993 17 57.7
Mitta Mitta Forestry 112.6 130.0 in 1993 17 57.0
Mornington 69.9 96.2 in 1993 17 49.3
Swifts Creek 65.4 97.4 in 1993 17 50.4
Tungamah 66.4 75.4 in 1992 16 36.9
Aireys Inlet 72.6 83.0 in 1995 15 32.8
Glen Waverley (Golf Course) 86.8 99.0 in 1995 15 52.9
Rhyll 62.4 81.4 in 1995 15 36.2
Springvale Necropolis 85.4 111.2 in 1995 15 53.1
Tawonga 105.4 140.0 in 1993 15 58.5
Berriwillock 51.8 66.0 in 1996 14 23.0
Beulah 45.6 60.0 in 1996 14 21.8
Birchip (Woodlands) 39.6 67.8 in 1996 14 21.5
Cheltenham Kingston Centre 69.0 77.6 in 1995 14 49.5
Heathcote 60.0 79.8 in 1996 14 36.3
Murrayville 39.6 74.4 in 1996 14 16.5
Narraport 47.0 58.0 in 1996 14 21.5
Patchewollock 30.4 97.8 in 1996 14 20.2
St Arnaud (Coonooer Bridge) 68.0 68.4 in 1996 14 26.4
Walpeup Research 28.6 59.8 in 1996 14 20.8
Woomelang 36.8 92.0 in 1996 14 21.4
Donald 48.6 65.0 in 1996 13 22.4
Rupanyup (Post Office) 34.0 51.0 in 1996 13 23.6
Dargo 74.2 92.0 in 1993 12 59.1
Bonbeach (Carrum) 60.0 68.4 in 1996 11 42.0
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 76.2 99.4 in 1999 11 44.5
Coldstream 82.4 124.8 in 1999 11 48.0
Dimboola 34.6 38.8 in 1999 11 21.4
Drouin Bowling Club 89.4 91.8 in 1999 11 68.2
Ensay 62.0 63.2 in 1999 11 54.3
Eppalock Reservoir 39.8 55.2 in 1999 11 29.0
Kerang 59.8 67.6 in 1999 11 26.8
Lilydale 84.0 127.0 in 1999 11 59.2
Mitcham 90.4 123.6 in 1999 11 54.4
Tallangatta DCNR 72.5 90.8 in 1999 11 53.6
Warrenbayne 124.4 137.0 in 1999 11 48.4
Willow Grove (Blue Rock Reservoir) 67.8 122.4 in 1999 11 49.8
Yanac North 37.8 58.0 in 1999 11 19.6
Chiltern (Post Office) 76.0 78.2 in 2000 10 44.1
Goroke (Post Office) 38.6 47.2 in 1999 10 22.4



Record highest March mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for March 2010 (C)
Previous highest
for March
Years of
record
Average for
March
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 24.1 24.0 in 2008 39 22.1
Mallacoota 23.7 23.3 in 2008 16 22.2



Record highest March mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for March 2010 (C)
Previous highest
for March
Years of
record
Average for
March
Essendon Airport 14.6 14.5 in 1956 40 12.3
Aireys Inlet 14.7 14.6 in 2000 18 13.4
Rhyll 15.9 15.7 in 2000 18 14.4
Mount Moornapa 13.5 12.9 in 2008 16 11.6
Redesdale 12.0 11.7 in 2007 16 10.5
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 12.4 12.1 in 2000 16 10.7
Coldstream 11.8 10.8 in 2000 15 9.2
Combienbar AWS 13.3 12.9 in 2008 15 11.7
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 14.6 14.5 in 2006 14 13.9
Mount Nowa Nowa 14.2 13.6 in 2008 14 12.6
Stawell Aerodrome 12.6 12.4 in 2000 14 11.0
Eildon Fire Tower 12.8 = 12.8 in 2008 13 11.4
Warrnambool Airport NDB 11.7 11.5 in 2000 11 10.4
Viewbank (ARPANSA) 14.2 13.2 in 2007 10 12.4

Highest March mean daily minimum temperature for at least 10 years
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for March 2010 (C)
Most recent higher
for March
Years since
higher
Average for
March
Laverton RAAF 14.6 15.3 in 1974 36 12.5
Melbourne Regional Office 16.3 16.8 in 1974 36 13.2
Wonthaggi 14.0 14.4 in 1974 34 12.1
Ballarat Aerodrome 11.6 12.3 in 1983 26 9.9
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 14.4 14.5 in 1983 23 12.3
Cape Otway Lighthouse 14.7 14.7 in 1989 21 13.2
Weeaproinah 12.0 12.7 in 1989 21 10.5
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 16.2 16.3 in 1989 21 14.1
Ararat Prison 11.0 11.7 in 1992 18 9.4
Cerberus 13.9 14.1 in 1992 18 12.3
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 13.4 13.9 in 1992 18 12.3
East Sale Airport 12.2 13.3 in 1992 18 11.4
Mangalore Airport 13.7 14.5 in 1992 18 12.2
Maryborough 12.7 13.2 in 1992 18 11.2
Melbourne Airport 14.4 14.4 in 1992 18 12.6
Moorabbin Airport 14.5 14.5 in 1992 18 12.8
Mortlake Racecourse 10.9 11.6 in 1992 18 9.7
Noojee (Slivar) 11.1 11.9 in 1992 18 9.5
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 16.0 16.0 in 1992 18 15.1
Sheoaks 12.5 13.2 in 1992 18 10.9
Wangaratta Aero 12.7 12.8 in 1992 18 10.4
Warracknabeal Museum 13.1 14.0 in 1992 18 11.8
Frankston AWS 16.0 16.1 in 1993 17 14.3
Hamilton Airport 11.2 12.2 in 1992 17 10.1
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 12.1 12.1 in 1993 17 11.6
Scoresby Research Institute 13.9 14.4 in 1992 16 12.4
Avalon Airport 13.8 13.9 in 2000 10 12.2
Bairnsdale Airport 12.7 12.9 in 2000 10 11.0
Bendigo Airport 12.8 12.9 in 2000 10 11.3
Castlemaine Prison 12.0 12.7 in 2000 10 10.7
Dartmouth Reservoir 12.3 12.4 in 2000 10 10.8
Echuca Aerodrome 13.9 14.2 in 2000 10 12.9
Ferny Creek (Dunns Hill) 12.6 12.7 in 2000 10 11.1
Gelantipy 11.2 11.3 in 2000 10 9.3
Grovedale (Geelong Airport) 13.2 13.2 in 2000 10 12.0
Horsham Aerodrome 11.1 11.4 in 2000 10 9.7
Kerang 14.4 14.5 in 2000 10 12.8
Kyabram DPI 13.9 14.1 in 2000 10 12.3
Lake Eildon 12.6 12.9 in 2000 10 10.5
Mallacoota 14.7 15.0 in 2000 10 13.8
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 12.0 12.0 in 2000 10 11.1
Orbost (Comparison) 12.8 13.8 in 2000 10 12.0
Shepparton Airport 13.5 13.8 in 2000 10 11.9
Swan Hill Aerodrome 14.3 14.6 in 2000 10 12.4
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 13.3 13.6 in 2000 10 11.7
Yarrawonga 14.3 14.5 in 2000 10 12.4



Summary statistics for March 2010
Maximum temperatures
for March
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for March
(C)
Rainfall
for March
(millimetres)
Mean for
March
2010
Diff
from
average
Highest for
March
2010
Mean for
March
2010
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
March
2010
Total for
March
2010
Average
for
March
Rank of
March
2010
Fraction of
March
average
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 27.4 -0.3 31.9 20th 13.8 +1.4 8.3 23rd 110.0 27.4 highest 401%
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 28.9 +0.6 35.2 27th 14.9 +1.1 9.3 10th 36.2 18.3 high 198%
Ouyen (Post Office) 28.6 +0.1 36.0 17th 14.5 +1.6 8.2 10th 38.8 19.7 high 197%
Walpeup Research 28.6 +0.7 36.6 17th 14.4 +1.3 7.7 10th 28.6 20.8 high 138%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 28.6   36.4 17th 13.2   7.3 10th 24.2
Swan Hill Aerodrome 27.9 -0.6 35.0 26th 14.3 +1.9 9.5 23rd 73.2 14.6 highest 501%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 27.5   36.0 17th 12.1   5.9 22nd 21.8
Warracknabeal Museum 27.3 +0.2 35.4 17th 13.1 +1.3 7.4 11th 51.4 20.8 v high 247%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 26.1   33.7 16th 11.9   4.8 22nd 28.6
Grampians (Mount William) 17.3   26.6 17th 9.2   2.1 1st 87.6
Horsham Aerodrome 26.9 -0.2 35.0 17th 11.1 +1.4 4.9 22nd 41.6 13.6 highest 306%
Horsham Polkemmet Rd 26.8 +0.4 35.0 17th 11.0 -0.2 5.4 22nd 39.8 23.4 high 170%
Kanagulk 26.1   34.5 17th 11.4   4.5 22nd 33.8
Longerenong 27.0 +0.8 35.4 17th 11.5 +0.7 3.8 22nd 67.4 23.1 v high 292%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 20.4   28.0 17th 11.4   4.7 1st 54.8
Stawell Aerodrome 25.7 +0.2 33.4 17th 12.6 +1.6 6.4 23rd 41.8 21.4 high 195%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 27.4   34.8 17th 13.5   7.8 23rd 66.2
Echuca Aerodrome 27.5 +0.2 33.4 17th 13.9 +1.0 8.5 11th 49.0 30.3 high 162%
Kerang 28.1 +0.3 34.8 26th 14.4 +1.6 8.8 10th 59.8 26.8 high 223%
Kyabram DPI 27.1 +0.6 32.7 26th 13.9 +1.6 7.8 23rd 100.0 27.0 highest 370%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 25.8 -0.2 32.2 17th 12.8 +1.5 5.8 11th 116.4 26.5 highest 439%
Shepparton Airport 26.6 -1.0 31.2 26th 13.5 +1.6 9.1 11th 111.6 24.2 highest 461%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 26.4 +0.1 31.4 26th 13.3 +1.6 8.5 10th 90.2 32.6 v high 277%
Yarrawonga 28.1 +0.3 33.1 27th 14.3 +1.9 8.6 23rd 76.8 27.1 highest 283%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Beechworth Woolshed 26.4 -0.2 29.9 27th 10.1 +0.5 3.2 23rd 85.6 42.5 v high 201%
Benalla Airport 27.2   31.2 26th 13.1   8.1 23rd 127.9
Corryong Airport 26.3   31.6 3rd 11.1   5.9 22nd 115.0
Dartmouth Reservoir 25.7 -0.3 31.3 3rd 12.3 +1.5 7.7 10th 104.4 57.7 high 181%
Hunters Hill 21.4 -0.3 27.1 3rd 12.6 +1.2 6.3 11th 154.0 51.3 highest 300%
Rutherglen Research 27.3 -0.1 31.8 20th 11.7 +0.8 3.9 23rd 77.2 37.6 v high 205%
Strathbogie 23.7 -0.3 32.5 31st 10.3 +1.3 6.3 25th 153.6 56.9 v high 270%
Wangaratta Aero 27.0 -0.7 31.2 20th 12.7 +2.3 6.7 23rd 122.2 35.4 v high 345%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Dinner Plain (Mount Hotham Airport) 18.9   23.5 18th 7.7   -0.2 11th 83.8 39.6 highest 212%
Falls Creek 14.7 +0.5 21.0 3rd 7.5 +1.5 -1.1 11th 200.8 85.5 high 235%
Mount Buller 14.5 +0.2 20.0 3rd 7.6 +1.0 0.3 10th 180.6 72.4 high 249%
Mount Hotham 13.1 -0.1 18.8 3rd 6.6 +0.9 -0.7 10th 213.6 90.8 high 235%
Omeo 22.7   27.9 20th 9.5   3.1 22nd 95.2
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 23.0 +1.4 29.7 18th 13.3 +1.6 7.6 11th 75.8 58.4 average 130%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 22.5 +1.6 30.6 19th 16.1 +0.7 13.4 2nd 20.6 71.5 low 29%
Gelantipy 21.5 +1.4 26.8 20th 11.2 +1.9 4.6 11th 42.4 50.1 average 85%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 23.9   33.6 26th 14.0   9.0 12th 33.8
Mallacoota 23.7 +1.5 30.2 19th 14.7 +0.9 10.2 2nd 42.0 67.1 average 63%
Mount Nowa Nowa 24.0 +1.5 31.9 17th 14.2 +1.6 8.9 1st 69.0 42.8 high 161%
Orbost 24.7   32.0 17th 14.0   8.8 2nd 47.8 43.3 average 110%
Orbost (Comparison) 25.2 +1.4 32.5 17th 12.8 +0.8 6.8 2nd 47.0 65.9 average 71%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 24.1 +2.0 32.0 19th 16.0 +0.9 12.0 2nd 28.9 63.2 low 46%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 25.4 +1.6 33.6 17th 12.7 +1.7 7.5 12th 44.6 40.3 average 111%
East Sale Airport 25.2 +1.7 33.0 17th 12.2 +0.8 6.9 31st 50.4 48.8 average 103%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 25.3 +0.9 32.7 4th 12.0 +0.9 4.8 1st 86.6 45.5 v high 190%
Mount Baw Baw 14.2 0.0 21.6 3rd 7.2 +1.0 -0.5 1st 107.8 89.5 average 120%
Mount Moornapa 23.3 +1.4 30.8 17th 13.5 +1.9 8.2 1st 57.0 43.9 average 130%
Noojee (Slivar) 24.2 +1.5 31.5 4th 11.1 +1.6 6.3 1st 95.8 69.7 high 137%
Pound Creek 24.2   32.1 17th 12.3   4.9 31st 96.8
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 21.2 +1.8 28.9 17th 16.2 +2.1 12.8 1st 66.6 69.3 average 96%
Yarram Airport 24.8   34.0 17th 11.8   5.0 14th 47.8
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 25.6 +1.4 33.2 17th 14.4 +2.1 9.1 12th 76.2 44.5 high 171%
Cerberus 24.3 +1.5 32.7 4th 13.9 +1.6 8.7 14th 62.0 45.3 average 137%
Coldstream 26.1 +1.0 32.2 18th 11.8 +2.6 4.9 2nd 82.4 48.0 high 172%
Coldstream Comparison 26.3   32.1 18th 12.7   4.8 2nd 82.2
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 24.8 +1.4 32.5 17th 13.4 +1.1 9.0 12th 66.5 41.2 high 161%
Essendon Airport 25.2 +1.3 33.5 17th 14.6 +2.3 10.1 12th 82.0 39.9 v high 206%
Ferny Creek (Dunns Hill) 21.0 +1.1 27.4 17th 12.6 +1.5 6.9 1st
Melbourne Airport 25.0 +1.0 32.5 17th 14.4 +1.8 9.1 31st 86.2 37.3 v high 231%
Melbourne Regional Office 26.2 +2.3 33.0 17th 16.3 +3.1 11.1 12th 79.0 50.4 high 157%
Moorabbin Airport 24.9 +1.2 33.1 17th 14.5 +1.7 8.7 12th 58.4 44.8 high 130%
Rhyll 23.8 +1.6 31.7 4th 15.9 +1.5 12.3 10th 62.4 36.2 high 172%
Scoresby Research Institute 25.4 +1.4 32.0 17th 13.9 +1.5 6.8 11th 86.0 53.9 high 160%
Viewbank (ARPANSA) 26.0 +0.7 32.8 17th 14.2 +1.8 8.4 12th 70.0 41.6 high 168%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 21.5 +0.2 28.0 18th 12.4 +1.7 7.3 1st 98.6 41.8 high 236%
Wonthaggi 24.3 +1.7 32.5 17th 14.0 +1.9 9.1 12th 69.8 61.1 average 114%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 25.1 +1.0 34.1 4th 13.8 +1.6 8.9 23rd 46.4 28.7 high 162%
Grovedale (Geelong Airport) 24.5 +1.4 33.9 4th 13.2 +1.2 7.1 23rd 67.4 31.9 high 211%
Laverton RAAF 25.2 +1.6 34.2 17th 14.6 +2.1 8.5 22nd 70.8 35.6 high 199%
Sheoaks 24.3 +1.5 32.1 4th 12.5 +1.6 7.1 31st 66.8 23.2 high 288%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 24.4 -0.3 30.5 18th 12.0 +1.3 4.8 23rd 84.2 33.4 v high 252%
Eildon Fire Tower 22.6 -0.7 28.0 3rd 12.8 +1.4 7.1 11th 98.8 34.0 highest 291%
Lake Eildon 26.0 +0.4 30.6 18th 12.6 +2.1 6.2 23rd 114.2 52.2 v high 219%
Mangalore Airport 26.6 +0.4 31.6 26th 13.7 +1.5 8.6 23rd 126.0 34.5 highest 365%
Maryborough 25.3 -0.1 32.1 17th 12.7 +1.5 6.8 22nd 90.0 35.0 v high 257%
Redesdale 25.3 +0.1 31.1 17th 12.0 +1.5 3.9 23rd 104.2 32.5 v high 321%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 24.7 +0.9 33.0 17th 11.0 +1.6 6.2 23rd 47.8 31.2 high 153%
Ballarat Aerodrome 22.9 +0.7 29.6 3rd 11.6 +1.7 7.0 25th 117.2 43.0 v high 273%
Westmere 24.5   32.7 4th 10.3   3.8 31st 48.6
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 22.3 +1.0 30.9 25th 14.7 +1.3 10.0 23rd 72.6 32.8 high 221%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 20.4 +0.3 30.8 15th 14.6 +0.7 11.3 31st 24.2 34.2 low 71%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 20.2 -0.1 28.3 15th 14.7 +1.5 11.6 10th 34.2 55.2 low 62%
Casterton 25.2   32.7 4th 11.3   4.1 22nd 23.2
Casterton Showgrounds 25.7 +1.2 33.0 16th 11.0 +0.2 4.8 23rd 21.0 36.2 low 58%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 23.1   33.1 4th 13.0   8.4 23rd 71.4 29.0 highest 246%
Dartmoor 24.5   33.6 4th 11.4   5.1 22nd 25.2
Hamilton Airport 24.4 +0.2 32.5 4th 11.2 +1.1 5.3 22nd 38.2 33.6 average 114%
Mortlake Racecourse 23.6 -0.1 33.2 4th 10.9 +1.2 5.1 31st 57.2 30.3 highest 189%
Port Fairy AWS 21.8 +0.3 33.1 15th 13.3 +0.4 6.4 31st 32.4 33.9 average 96%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 21.5 +0.5 31.0 15th 12.1 +0.5 5.9 31st 32.2 45.3 average 71%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 22.6 -0.4 33.0 4th 11.7 +1.3 4.6 31st 75.4 46.2 high 163%
Weeaproinah 19.3 +1.0 28.4 4th 12.0 +1.5 7.8 11th 98.6 111.4 average 89%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Thursday 1 April 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

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