Greater Melbourne in June 2019: mild days, some cold nights

Rainfall in June 2019 was above average in the north and northwest of Greater Melbourne; elsewhere, it was close to average. Both daytime and night-time temperatures were warmer than average.

Above average rainfall

  • Rainfall across Greater Melbourne was generally above average
  • The wettest periods during the month were between the 3rd and the 4th, the 10th and the 13th, and the 19th and the 22nd, in association with cold fronts that crossed the Melbourne metropolitan area
  • During these events, many sites across Greater Melbourne had daily rainfall totals between 10 and 20 mm
  • Cape Schanck (in Melbourne's southeast) had its highest June daily rainfall on record on the 3rd, while several sites had their highest total June rainfall since at least 1996
  • The highest daily rainfall total in the Greater Melbourne during the month was 42.0 mm at Main Ridge (in the southeast of Greater Melbourne) on the 3rd
  • Month finished with moderate rainfall and showers across the Melbourne metropolitan area
  • The wettest location was Bullengarook East, receiving 173.2 mm during the month
  • Averaged across all reporting sites in Greater Melbourne, the first six months of 2019 have been the driest since 2009

Mild days, some cold nights

  • Both daytime and night-time temperatures were warmer than average
  • The warmest days were at Essendon Airport, where the mean maximum temperature was 1.4 °C above average for June
  • The lowest daytime temperature in Greater Melbourne was 6 °C, recorded at Ferny Creek on the 20th, in a cold airmass which followed the passage of a cold front
  • Coldstream and Viewbank had their coldest June day on record on the 23rd
  • Night-time temperatures varied between close to average at Cerberus, to 1.4 °C above average at both Essendon Airport and Laverton RAAF
  • Clear skies and light winds under high pressure systems resulted in cooler than average June night-time temperatures between the 20th and the 26th
  • The lowest night-time temperature recorded in the Melbourne metropolitan area this month was −2.0 °C at Coldstream on the 26th, at the end of a week-long cold spell
  • Averaged across all reporting sites in Greater Melbourne, the mean temperature in the first six months of 2019 has been the highest since at least 1990

Melbourne (Olympic Park)

  • Total rainfall for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 49.8 mm
  • The mean daily maximum temperature for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 15.5 °C. The warmest day was 19.5 °C on the 28th, and the coolest day was on the 23rd when the temperature reached 9.6 °C
  • The mean daily minimum temperature for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 8.3 °C. The coldest morning was 3.5 °C on the 25th, and the warmest morning was on the 29th when the minimum temperature was 13.0 °C

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Extremes in June 2019
Hottest day 19.6 °C at Cerberus on the 28th
Warmest days on average 15.5 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Coolest days on average 10.4 °C at Wallan (Kilmore Gap)
Coldest day 6.0 °C at Ferny Creek on the 20th
Coldest night -2.0 °C at Coldstream on the 26th
Coolest nights on average 4.0 °C at Coldstream
Warmest nights on average 8.3 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Warmest night 13.4 °C at Moorabbin Airport on the 29th
Warmest on average overall 11.9 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Coolest on average overall 7.9 °C at Wallan (Kilmore Gap)
Wettest overall 173.2 mm at Bullengarook East
Wettest day 42.0 mm at Main Ridge on the 3rd
Strongest wind gust 94 km/h at Fawkner Beacon on the 29th

Record highest June daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Cape Schanck 34.2 on the 3rd 27.0 on the 4th in 2012 20



Highest June total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
June
Bullengarook East 173.2 199.1 in 1952* 69.0
Rosebud (Country Club) 148.0 169.8 in 1977 78.1
Yan Yean 89.0 104.8 in 1991 52.6
Woodend 168.2 184.5 in 1991* 87.8
Lancefield 136.4 144.2 in 1996* 78.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest June daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
June
Coldstream 6.7 on the 23rd 8.2 on the 28th in 2005 25 14.0
Viewbank 7.8 on the 23rd 9.0 on the 10th in 2006 20 14.4



Summary statistics for June 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
June
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
June
2019
Mean for
June
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
June
2019
Total for
June
2019
Average
for
June
Rank of
June
2019
Fraction of
June
average
Cerberus 14.9 +0.7 19.6 28th 6.8 0.0 -1.0 25th 109.0 72.9 high 150%
Coldstream 14.7 +0.7 18.7 28th 4.0 +0.1 -2.0 26th 54.8 64.8 low 85%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 14.9 +0.9 19.5 28th 6.9 +0.2 0.2 24th 95.4 78.0 high 122%
Essendon Airport 15.1 +1.4 18.5 8th 7.4 +1.4 1.1 25th 55.2 40.3 high 137%
Ferny Creek 10.9   15.2 11th 6.4   2.2 24th 115.0
Laverton RAAF 14.9 +0.7 19.1 8th 7.2 +1.4 0.4 25th 59.0 38.6 high 153%
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 15.5   19.5 28th 8.3   3.5 25th 49.8
Melbourne Airport 14.7 +1.0 18.8 8th 7.0 +0.8 1.7 24th 59.4 40.7 high 146%
Moorabbin Airport 15.3 +1.1 19.3 28th 7.4 +0.7 0.3 25th 72.0 55.9 high 129%
Scoresby Research Institute 14.7 +1.1 18.7 28th 6.7 +0.4 1.8 23rd 77.2 69.4 average 111%
Viewbank 14.9 +0.5 19.2 28th 6.5 +0.3 0.7 25th 64.0 54.7 high 117%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 10.4 +0.5 13.9 10th 5.4 +0.5 1.6 24th 96.2 68.4 high 141%

Daily maximum temperatures for June 2019
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Cerberus14.313.711.313.314.515.114.118.118.117.517.914.716.015.714.716.316.912.412.611.413.112.611.611.713.515.317.919.618.113.5
Coldstream14.214.511.012.511.815.216.717.417.818.118.016.816.216.615.216.415.812.210.78.812.510.96.714.816.117.217.418.716.213.5
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens12.813.214.315.218.618.717.018.118.115.215.614.615.316.911.811.210.012.611.99.911.813.816.917.419.518.0
Essendon Airport14.514.310.912.413.215.617.418.516.918.316.916.016.416.815.516.617.313.011.911.112.511.99.815.716.516.916.818.216.813.5
Ferny Creek10.19.57.28.18.59.812.814.114.213.515.213.911.911.69.712.112.87.36.56.08.17.58.112.412.413.413.314.913.08.3
Laverton RAAF13.913.811.012.613.115.216.219.117.618.218.216.216.317.315.316.517.912.711.210.212.412.28.112.216.917.616.717.915.014.0
Melbourne (Olympic Park)14.614.512.012.913.014.816.618.718.019.217.916.517.417.315.216.717.913.711.911.312.611.89.616.017.018.017.519.517.614.5
Melbourne Airport14.114.210.112.012.214.617.118.816.718.116.916.016.116.914.716.017.512.411.310.011.911.511.015.815.816.816.117.614.613.6
Moorabbin Airport14.413.812.313.512.914.615.418.918.318.018.716.516.816.915.516.617.213.111.310.313.312.59.815.017.217.817.719.317.814.1
Scoresby Research Institute13.713.611.513.112.314.716.818.418.318.117.717.116.115.814.216.316.412.311.49.111.011.08.315.615.816.917.118.7
Viewbank13.914.811.812.512.514.617.117.818.518.218.316.316.516.614.616.116.812.311.69.512.011.07.814.016.417.917.319.217.313.9
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)10.612.17.27.98.111.112.812.911.913.912.111.712.111.710.011.111.98.07.16.47.86.96.610.511.712.312.313.710.99.8
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for June 2019
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Cerberus11.410.98.67.010.310.011.22.65.912.18.39.56.98.77.77.46.09.35.71.85.46.42.1-0.5-1.00.30.97.013.08.6
Coldstream10.29.27.12.75.07.97.00.82.19.82.94.33.47.03.44.20.53.53.42.25.82.70.91.6-1.7-2.0-0.82.59.36.4
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens10.510.36.96.89.49.83.24.412.011.97.39.46.77.25.69.84.93.54.45.53.40.21.23.34.610.213.08.0
Essendon Airport11.110.37.57.78.39.210.45.09.411.39.211.87.69.18.18.54.29.55.06.14.85.11.43.71.12.24.710.212.77.6
Ferny Creek7.87.34.73.64.76.17.27.29.210.37.110.95.57.25.76.96.47.03.13.43.84.63.72.25.87.28.59.710.83.3
Laverton RAAF11.510.38.06.78.79.811.04.69.911.77.812.07.39.36.67.85.68.52.66.22.95.01.61.40.42.46.710.912.57.5
Melbourne (Olympic Park)11.711.08.28.48.610.211.76.77.812.09.611.98.810.09.08.66.38.06.66.46.56.83.64.23.54.65.910.713.08.1
Melbourne Airport10.59.97.35.56.19.19.94.39.111.28.211.47.08.37.87.96.68.44.15.34.04.72.11.72.82.45.19.611.76.9
Moorabbin Airport11.311.38.45.38.710.511.03.35.211.49.511.27.910.18.09.26.19.86.65.86.64.83.22.90.31.94.26.913.48.4
Scoresby Research Institute10.610.07.65.16.29.29.95.18.311.48.312.16.79.45.57.74.68.64.53.95.24.31.82.82.02.75.09.4
Viewbank11.010.37.66.47.29.410.63.76.09.85.99.37.210.16.76.34.25.73.73.74.64.21.83.80.71.93.710.112.47.8
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)7.56.74.23.84.55.86.85.56.37.36.67.56.47.06.16.16.55.62.53.73.03.83.01.63.75.65.57.28.23.3
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for June 2019
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Bonbeach (Carrum) 11.2 9.5 - - - - - - 6.8 - 23.4 1.0 - - - - 12.0 1.8 6.4 - 6.8
Bullengarook East 2.4 0.2 38.2 32.0 1.2 0.6 - 0.2 - 7.8 0.4 2.6 24.2 2.6 - - 1.2 2.6 4.0 2.6 6.6 0.4 - - - - - 17.0 26.4
Bundoora (Latrobe University) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 3.4 2.8 2.0 0.6 - -



Burnside 1.2 - 12.0
- - - - - 3.1 0.3 1.2 2.2 - 2.0 - - - - - - 9.0 - - - - 0.8 7.0
Cape Schanck 1.6 34.2 8.6 - 4.2 0.8 - - 7.0 - - 26.0 - 1.0 - - - 23.8 4.6 18.6 4.0 - - - - - - 4.2 12.8
Cerberus 0.6 - 9.8 19.6 - 1.6 0.4 - 0.2 5.8 1.2 0.6 23.0 0.2 1.4 - - 0.2 17.4 1.0 8.0 7.0 2.2 - 0.2 0.2 - - 1.0 7.4
Cheltenham Kingston Centre 1.4 - 7.4 1.2 - - - 0.8 0.2 0.1 1.2 - 3.4 0.4 0.2 - - - 5.0 7.0 2.0 0.8 4.0 0.5 - - - - 0.6 5.2
Coldstream 2.6 - 3.6 2.8 0.2 4.4 0.6 0.2 - 2.4 0.4 - 4.2 1.6 3.6 - - - 4.4 1.0 7.0 1.2 0.6 - - - 0.2 - 0.2 13.6
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 2.6 - 9.4 0.3 1.4 0.6 - - 5.1 0.2 - 26.0 2.8 5.0 - 0.2 0.4 12.8 0.8 11.0 5.6 1.4 0.3 - - - - 0.7 8.8
Essendon Airport 2.0 - 12.0 9.0 - - - - - 3.2 0.2 0.6 4.4 1.4 1.8 - - - 1.6 1.2 6.4 2.2 0.6 - 0.2 - - - 1.0 7.4
Ferny Creek 9.0 - 14.8 6.4 1.0 6.4 0.6 - - 6.6 0.6 0.8 10.4 6.4 5.0 1.8 0.2 - 12.4 1.6 10.0 5.6 2.2 0.2 - - - - 0.6 12.4
Greenvale Reservoir 1.8
14.2 3.4 4.6 -

- 0.8 0.2 0.4 5.4 4.8 0.6

0.2 2.6 1.6 4.8 1.4
3.0

- - 1.2 12.0
Kinglake West 7.0 - 8.6 9.4 1.6 2.4 0.8 - - 8.2 1.4 4.8 18.0 1.8 0.6 - - 3.8 5.8 1.4 8.6 2.4 0.8 - - - - - 18.6 37.4
Kinglake West (Wallaby Creek) 7.6
10.0 10.6 1.2 1.6

0.4 4.4 4.2 0.2 22.8 2.0 0.4

3.2 4.2 0.8 7.0 4.0
0.2

0.6 - 11.8 36.2
Lancefield 1.8 - 8.2 15.0 - - - - - 9.2 0.6 4.8 24.2 4.2 - - 1.0 - 1.4 1.6 1.8 0.2 - - - - - - 31.6 30.8
Laverton RAAF 0.6 - 10.6 22.8 - 0.2 - - - 3.0 0.2 0.8 4.2 1.0 0.2 - - 0.2 2.8 1.6 2.8 3.0 0.2 0.2 - 0.2 - - 0.4 4.0
Main Ridge - 8.0 42.0 4.2 6.8 - - 7.2 - 24.4 1.2 1.0 - - - 16.8 8.0 21.8 - 4.2 - - - - - 11.4 1.2
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 2.4 - 15.4 3.2 - - - - - 3.0 - 0.6 2.6 2.2 2.6 - 3.4 - 0.8 1.6 3.0 0.4 1.2 - - 0.2 - - 0.8 6.4
Melbourne Airport 1.0 - 9.0 19.2 - - - - - 1.0 0.2 0.8 4.8 2.2 1.0 - - - 2.0 1.2 2.0 5.2 0.2 - - - - - 0.4 9.2
Mitcham 3.6
9.4 8.6 0.2 0.6

- 4.6 0.2 - 5.2 3.6 3.6

0.2 3.0 0.8 8.0 4.8
0.2

- - 0.6 12.4
Moorabbin Airport 0.6 - 13.8 5.2 - 0.4 - - - 4.4 0.2 0.8 9.4 0.8 1.2 - - - 6.2 12.4 4.6 1.0 0.6 - 0.2 - - - 1.4 8.8
Newham (Cobaw) - - 15.4 6.2 0.4 - - - - 7.4 - 4.6 27.4 1.0 - 1.8 - - 2.8 1.4 1.6 1.0 - - - - - - 21.0 34.0
Oakleigh (Metropolitan Golf Club) 5.0 16.2 5.0 - 1.1 - 4.6 - - 4.6 2.6 6.2 - 3.4 6.6 4.6 3.0







Preston Reservoir 2.8
14.8 5.2 - -

- 2.8 0.2 - 4.8 1.8 4.0

- 2.0 0.8 3.8 0.8
-

- - 1.0 9.6
Romsey 2.2 11.4 17.8 2.4 0.2 - - 0.2 8.2 0.4 2.8 22.2 2.2















Rosebud (Country Club) - - 34.0 13.6 4.4 - - 7.0 - 24.4 - - - - 1.4 25.4 4.8 15.0 4.8 - - - - 4.2 9.0
Scoresby Research Institute 3.6 - 8.4 6.8 - 1.4 0.2 - - 4.4 - 0.4 5.6 2.8 3.0 0.2 0.2 - 3.4 1.8 14.6 8.0 1.2 - - - - - 0.8 10.4
Springvale (Sandown) - 4.6 8.6 2.6 - 0.8 - - 3.2 1.0 6.8 0.6 1.8 0.2 - - - 6.0 1.6 18.2 - - - - - - - - 11.8
Springvale Necropolis 6.0 7.0 11.0 33.0





Toorourrong Reservoir (Toorourrong) 4.4
9.4 5.8 0.4 0.2

- 1.8 2.6 - 14.2 1.6 -

1.0 5.2 0.4 3.2 4.2
-

0.2 - 6.8 23.4
Upper Plenty 4.6 - 12.0 6.2 - 0.4 0.2 - - 5.4 0.2 2.8 14.6 1.4 0.6 0.2 4.6 1.4 3.4 2.4 5.8 7.4 0.8 - - - - - 8.8 21.6
Viewbank 5.2 - 18.4 2.4 - 0.2 0.4 - - 3.2 0.2 - 3.8 1.6 4.2 0.2 3.8 -
2.2 2.2 4.0 0.8 - - - - - 1.2 10.0
Wallan - 3.2 14.8 4.6 - - - - - 4.4 - - 14.6 2.2 - 5.2 0.6 - 4.0 0.6 - 2.8 0.4 - - - - - - 23.6
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 4.6 - 14.2 7.0 - - 0.2 - - 5.4 0.4 2.8 16.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 5.2 0.8 2.4 0.4 1.2 1.2 0.4 - - - - - 10.0 23.2
Warburton (O'Shannassy Reservoir (Quarte 78.0 0.2 9.2

-

- 5.8 - -
7.0 0.8

-







- - 4.6 41.4
Willowmavin (Avalon Station) 0.8 - 10.2 4.6 - - - 0.2 - 8.0 1.2 4.8 28.8 0.2 1.8 - 0.4 0.8 1.0 1.4 0.8 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 - 18.4 32.2
Woodend 2.8 - 19.2 23.0 1.0 0.4 - - - 9.8 0.2 5.4 31.0 5.6 0.8 0.4 - 3.0 1.0 3.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 - - - - - 20.6 32.0
Yan Yean 3.8
10.4 5.8 4.4 0.2

- 0.4 1.4 2.6 10.8 9.6 -

0.2 3.2 0.2 3.6 6.2
6.0

- - 1.6 18.6
Yarra River @ Warrandyte 4.6 - 4.4 2.8
1.0 0.4

3.6
0.4 3.4 0.6 3.2 - 0.6 - 3.6 3.0 6.4 5.2 1.0




0.2 12.0
Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Greater Melbourne using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This summary includes data from observing sites in or near the Greater Melbourne “Greater Capital City Statistical Area” (GCCSA). The Australian Bureau of Statistics designed the GCCSAs to “include the population within the urban area of the city, as well as people who regularly socialise, shop or work within the city, and live in small towns and rural areas surrounding the city. It is important to note that GCCSAs do not define the built up edge of the city. They provide a stable definition for these cities and are designed for the output of a range of social and economic survey data.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 July 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

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