Monday, 2 March 2009 - Seasonal Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC13R0
Summer rainfall over South Australia was mostly average to above average apart from some areas in the eastern part of the state where it was slightly below average. Most of the rain fell during the first few weeks of December 2008.
For the January/February months of 2009the pastoral districts reported totals that were generally very much below average except some areas in the northeast of the state where near average rainfall was received. Over all of the agricultural areas rainfall was very much below average except in the southern areas where they recorded their lowest rainfall for the start of a year.
Rainfall totals in the pastoral areas were generally in the 25 to 100 mm range, with higher totals greater than 100 mm in the northwest and less than 25 mm in the northeast. Marla Police Station recorded 128.2 mm, the highest in the pastoral districts.
Totals in the agricultural areas were generally between 50 mm and 100 mm with some areas receiving more than 100 mm and some less than 50 mm. The highest rainfall for this summer was 154.6 mm at Nangwarry Forestry SA Depot.
Despite the mild start to the season, a very significant heatwave event across southern Australia in late January and early February saw the season as a whole ending up warmer than average.
For details of the heatwave event please see the Special Climate Statement.
Mean maximum temperatures over the pastoral districts of the state were near average up to 2°C warmer than normal and ranged from 37.8°C at Marree in the Far North district down to 32.7°C at Yunta in the Northeast district. The highest recorded maximum temperature for this summer was on the 7th February of 47.5°C at the Gluepot Reserve.
Mean maximum temperatures in the agricultural districts ranged from 21.8°C at Mount Lofty in the Mount Lofty Ranges to 33.6°C at Hawker in the Upper North district. The range of mean maximum temperatures was from near average to about 2°C above the long term normals for the agricultural areas. The highest recorded maximum temperature for this summer was on the 7th February of 48.2°C at the Renmark Aerodrome and Kyancutta.
Many places recorded their highest summer maximum temperature.
Mean minimum temperatures over the whole state were generally between 0.5°C to 1.5°C above average.
In the pastoral districts they ranged from 14.6°C at the Gluepot Reserve in the Northeast district to 23.8°C at Moomba Airport in the Far North district. The lowest recorded minimum temperature for summer 2008/09 in the pastoral areas was 7.0°C recorded at the Gluepot Reserve on 25th February 2009. The warmest recorded minimum temperature was 33.7°C at Roxby Downs on the 7th February 2009.
Over the agricultural districts mean minimum temperatures were also generally up to 1°C above average ranging from 10.7°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower South East district to 18.6°C at Port Augusta in the Western Agricultural district.
The lowest recorded minimum temperature for summer was 0.6°C at Keith (Munkora) on 8th December 2008 whilst the highest recorded minimum temperature was 33.9°C at Adelaide (Kent Town) on 29th January 2009.
Some sites had their highest summer temperature on record.See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.
Some sites had their lowest summer temperature on record.
Some sites had their warmest summer night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.
48.2°C at Kyancutta on 28 Jan 2009|
48.2°C at Renmark Aero on 7 Feb 2009
|Warmest days on average|
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
|37.8°C at Marree Comparison|
|Coolest days on average|
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
|22.0°C at Neptune Island|
Lowest daily maximum temperature
|14.9°C at Mount Gambier Aero on 13 Dec 2008|
|0.0°C at Murray Bridge Comparison on 12 Feb 2009|
|Coolest nights on average|
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
|10.7°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome|
|Warmest nights on average|
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
|23.8°C at Moomba Airport|
Highest daily minimum temperature
|33.9°C at Adelaide (Kent Town) on 29 Jan 2009|
Highest total rainfall
|154.6 mm at Nangwarry Forestry SA Depot|
|Highest wind gust||113 km/h at Coober Pedy Airport on 5 Dec 2008|
|Record highest summer temperature|
in summer 2008−09 (°C)
|Mount Gambier Aero||43.6||on 29 Jan 2009||= 43.6||on 16 Feb 1983||68||24.4|
|Adelaide Airport||44.0||on 28 Jan 2009||= 44.0||on 30 Jan 1968||55||27.2|
|Mount Barker||44.5||on 28 Jan 2009||43.0||on 23 Jan 1982||53||26.3|
|Yongala||44.0||on 7 Feb 2009||43.4||on 25 Jan 2003||53||29.8|
|Keith||45.5||on 28 Jan 2009||45.4||on 25 Jan 2003||48||29.1|
|Eudunda||43.9||on 7 Feb 2009||43.5||on 14 Feb 2004||45||28.3|
|Meningie||45.1||on 28 Jan 2009||43.6||on 14 Feb 2004||43||25.5|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||46.6||on 28 Jan 2009||46.4||on 14 Feb 2004||43||28.6|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||45.7||on 28 Jan 2009||44.3||on 14 Feb 2004||33||28.4|
|Maitland||45.0||on 28 Jan 2009||43.9||on 21 Jan 2006||28||27.9|
|Loxton Research Centre||47.1||on 7 Feb 2009||45.7||on 14 Jan 2001||25||30.8|
|Whyalla Aero||48.0||on 7 Feb 2009||47.1||on 25 Jan 2003||25||29.2|
|Record highest summer daily minimum temperature|
Highest daily minimum
in summer 2008−09 (°C)
|Ceduna AMO||32.7||on 29 Jan 2009||32.6||on 27 Jan 1961||69||14.7|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||29.1||on 29 Jan 2009||28.2||on 24 Jan 1982||43||14.1|
|Kimba||31.5||on 29 Jan 2009||30.6||on 22 Jan 2006||42||15.2|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||33.9||on 29 Jan 2009||33.5||on 24 Jan 1982||33||16.5|
|Whyalla Aero||32.5||on 29 Jan 2009||31.9||on 22 Jan 2006||25||17.0|
|Record lowest summer temperature|
in summer 2008−09 (°C)
|Murray Bridge Comparison||0.0||on 12 Feb 2009||4.0||on 20 Dec 1971||43||14.1|
In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.
|Summary statistics for summer 2008−09|
|Northwest (district 16)|
|Andamooka||36.1||+0.6||46.0||6 Feb 2009||20.9||+0.4||13.4||14 Dec 2008||33.6||59.9||average||56%|
|Coober Pedy Airport||35.6||45.0||6 Feb 2009||21.4||12.4||14 Dec 2008||67.2|
|Ernabella||34.6||42.1||6 Feb 2009||21.0||12.3||13 Dec 2008||96.6|
|Nonning||33.1||+0.6||45.5||7 Feb 2009||16.7||+0.6||9.4||15 Dec 2008||87.4||51.2||high||171%|
|Roxby Downs||35.7||46.5||6 Feb 2009||20.2||11.5||3 Jan 2009||23.4|
|Tarcoola Aero||35.7||47.4||7 Feb 2009||18.9||11.9||15 Dec 2008||33.6|
|Woomera Aerodrome||34.5||+1.1||46.2||7 Feb 2009||19.4||+0.6||11.4||14 Dec 2008||54.6||48.6||average||112%|
|Far North (district 17)|
|Arkaroola||34.0||+0.6||43.4||7 Feb 2009||19.8||+0.8||12.4||11 Feb 2009||95.4||92.1||high||104%|
|Leigh Creek Airport||35.4||+1.2||45.4||6 Feb 2009||20.5||+0.7||10.8||15 Dec 2008||47.2||68.5||average||69%|
|Marree Aero||37.4||46.9||7 Feb 2009||22.0||13.3||15 Dec 2008||49.2|
|Marree Comparison||37.8||+0.9||47.0||6 Feb 2009||22.3||+1.7||13.4||15 Dec 2008||53.4||54.4||average||98%|
|Moomba Airport||37.3||45.6||6 Feb 2009||23.8||15.6||15 Dec 2008||7.4|
|Oodnadatta Airport||37.6||+0.8||46.3||6 Feb 2009||23.4||+1.3||14.3||13 Feb 2009||59.0||72.1||average||82%|
|Western Agricultural (district 18)|
|Ceduna AMO||29.4||+1.4||47.5||28 Jan 2009||15.4||+0.7||7.4||8 Dec 2008||60.8||45.3||high||134%|
|Cleve||28.4||+0.9||45.0||28 Jan 2009||16.0||+0.8||9.0||1 Dec 2008||46.6||63.4||average||74%|
|Cleve Aerodrome||28.9||46.0||28 Jan 2009||15.1||8.0||8 Dec 2008||40.4||53.5||average||76%|
|Coulta||26.8||40.9||27 Jan 2009||15.0||8.5||15 Dec 2008||34.4|
|Cummins Aero||29.4||45.3||28 Jan 2009||14.6||5.5||2 Dec 2008||30.4|
|Elliston||26.5||+1.3||42.4||27 Jan 2009||15.8||+0.4||9.2||15 Dec 2008||57.6||39.8||high||145%|
|Kimba||31.6||+1.0||44.6||28 Jan 2009||15.5||+0.3||6.8||2 Dec 2008||46.0||56.9||average||81%|
|Kyancutta||33.2||+1.2||48.2||28 Jan 2009||14.2||+0.4||6.3||2 Dec 2008||61.2||50.2||high||122%|
|Minnipa DPI||31.9||46.0||6 Feb 2009||15.4||7.6||2 Dec 2008||59.4|
|Neptune Island||22.0||+0.5||32.3||13 Jan 2009||16.4||+0.6||11.7||14 Dec 2008||21.6||43.4||low||50%|
|North Shields||25.9||44.7||13 Jan 2009||15.3||8.4||1 Dec 2008||32.2|
|Nullarbor||28.1||+0.8||46.9||28 Jan 2009||15.8||+0.7||9.0||8 Dec 2008||56.0||38.0||high||147%|
|Port Augusta Aero||33.5||48.1||7 Feb 2009||18.6||11.8||15 Dec 2008||65.6|
|Streaky Bay||29.5||+1.0||43.1||27 Jan 2009||15.9||+0.3||8.1||8 Dec 2008||44.2||38.9||average||114%|
|Whyalla Aero||29.6||+0.4||48.0||7 Feb 2009||16.9||−0.2||8.9||8 Dec 2008||58.6||60.2||average||97%|
|Wudinna Aero||32.7||46.9||6 Feb 2009||14.6||6.7||2 Dec 2008||62.4|
|Upper North (district 19)|
|Hawker||33.6||+0.5||44.5||7 Feb 2009||17.8||+0.6||9.3||15 Dec 2008||44.3||62.5||average||71%|
|Yongala||30.9||+1.1||44.0||7 Feb 2009||13.4||+0.7||4.8||2 Dec 2008||60.0||66.7||average||90%|
|Northeast (district 20)|
|Gluepot Reserve||32.9||47.5||7 Feb 2009||14.6||7.0||25 Feb 2009||38.9|
|Yunta Airstrip||32.7||45.3||7 Feb 2009||15.4||7.6||15 Dec 2008||24.8|
|Lower North (district 21)|
|Clare High School||29.3||43.7||28 Jan 2009||13.7||4.6||2 Dec 2008||88.8|
|Port Pirie Aerodrome||31.8||45.2||7 Feb 2009||16.2||8.5||8 Dec 2008||83.4|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||31.9||+0.7||45.5||6 Feb 2009||18.1||+0.8||11.0||2 Jan 2009||116.1||59.2||high||196%|
|Snowtown||32.1||46.0||7 Feb 2009||13.3||3.9||8 Dec 2008||52.4|
|Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)|
|Edithburgh||24.9||44.9||29 Jan 2009||16.1||7.9||15 Dec 2008||26.2|
|Kadina AWS||31.0||47.0||28 Jan 2009||14.0||4.9||8 Dec 2008||29.2|
|Maitland||29.0||+1.0||45.0||28 Jan 2009||15.7||+0.7||9.6||19 Dec 2008||52.7||61.5||average||86%|
|Minlaton Aero||28.6||45.6||28 Jan 2009||14.7||6.0||8 Dec 2008||21.4|
|Stenhouse Bay||24.4||42.7||29 Jan 2009||16.3||10.0||8 Dec 2008||13.6|
|Warooka||27.0||+0.4||41.5||29 Jan 2009||15.6||+0.6||8.8||1 Dec 2008||19.4||47.5||low||41%|
|Kangaroo Island (district 22B)|
|Cape Borda||23.2||40.0||28 Jan 2009||14.2||7.6||8 Dec 2008||31.9|
|Kingscote Aero||26.7||43.8||29 Jan 2009||12.2||3.3||8 Dec 2008||28.8|
|Adelaide Plains (district 23A)|
|Adelaide||29.6||+1.2||45.7||28 Jan 2009||17.4||+0.8||9.4||8 Dec 2008||42.2||60.4||low||70%|
|Adelaide Airport||28.0||+0.8||44.0||28 Jan 2009||16.5||+1.0||7.7||8 Dec 2008||31.6||60.0||low||53%|
|Edinburgh RAAF||29.8||+0.6||45.8||28 Jan 2009||16.3||+0.4||7.6||8 Dec 2008||48.4||58.9||average||82%|
|Parafield Airport||30.2||+1.5||45.6||28 Jan 2009||15.9||+0.1||8.5||8 Dec 2008||40.4||63.2||low||64%|
|Roseworthy AWS||30.8||46.7||28 Jan 2009||14.2||3.7||8 Dec 2008||51.6|
|County Light (district 23B)|
|Nuriootpa Viticultural||29.1||44.1||28 Jan 2009||13.4||6.1||2 Dec 2008||80.8|
|Rosedale||30.5||+0.8||46.3||7 Feb 2009||14.5||−0.2||4.6||8 Dec 2008||56.9||59.9||average||95%|
|Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)|
|Hindmarsh Island AWS||24.9||45.1||28 Jan 2009||15.1||7.9||25 Feb 2009||25.6|
|Kuitpo Forest Reserve||25.8||42.7||28 Jan 2009||13.6||6.9||8 Dec 2008||42.2|
|Mount Barker||28.8||+2.5||44.5||28 Jan 2009||11.6||+0.3||2.7||8 Dec 2008||37.4||85.7||low||44%|
|Mount Crawford Fire Tower||27.1||43.3||28 Jan 2009||13.4||5.9||8 Dec 2008||34.8|
|Noarlunga||27.7||44.6||28 Jan 2009||16.6||9.3||8 Dec 2008||32.0|
|Parawa||23.3||42.5||28 Jan 2009||13.3||6.7||8 Dec 2008||65.6|
|Victor Harbor||24.9||45.6||28 Jan 2009||13.8||4.2||8 Dec 2008||43.6|
|Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)|
|Loxton Research Centre||31.9||+1.2||47.1||7 Feb 2009||13.9||0.0||6.6||2 Dec 2008||41.0||53.8||average||76%|
|Renmark Aero||32.8||48.2||7 Feb 2009||15.0||8.1||2 Dec 2008||33.8|
|Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)|
|Eudunda||29.5||+1.2||43.9||7 Feb 2009||14.0||+0.6||6.3||8 Dec 2008||68.8||69.4||average||99%|
|Meningie||26.4||+0.8||45.1||28 Jan 2009||14.2||+0.7||6.1||8 Dec 2008||32.2||58.3||low||55%|
|Murray Bridge||29.8||48.0||28 Jan 2009||13.3||6.9||3 Jan 2009||31.4|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||30.4||+1.8||46.6||28 Jan 2009||14.1||+0.1||0.0||12 Feb 2009||41.7||57.7||average||72%|
|Strathalbyn Racecourse||27.4||46.3||28 Jan 2009||13.6||5.8||8 Dec 2008||27.6|
|Murray Mallee (district 25A)|
|Karoonda||30.4||46.1||7 Feb 2009||13.3||6.3||8 Dec 2008||76.3||60.2||high||127%|
|Upper Southeast (district 25B)|
|Keith||29.2||+0.2||45.5||28 Jan 2009||12.9||+0.3||4.0||8 Dec 2008||47.5||64.7||average||73%|
|Keith||29.9||46.7||28 Jan 2009||11.3||0.6||8 Dec 2008||47.6|
|Lameroo||30.8||47.6||7 Feb 2009||13.1||4.4||8 Dec 2008||63.2|
|Lameroo Comparison||30.5||+0.4||46.4||7 Feb 2009||13.9||+0.9||6.8||8 Dec 2008||54.2||65.5||average||83%|
|Lower Southeast (district 26)|
|Cape Jaffa||23.5||38.6||27 Jan 2009||13.2||7.1||3 Jan 2009||115.6|
|Coonawarra||26.7||+0.4||44.5||28 Jan 2009||10.8||−0.2||2.6||2 Jan 2009||99.2||80.6||average||123%|
|Mount Gambier Aero||24.6||+0.3||43.6||29 Jan 2009||11.4||+0.5||4.0||3 Jan 2009||125.0||90.3||high||138%|
|Naracoorte Aerodrome||28.3||45.7||28 Jan 2009||10.7||1.9||25 Feb 2009||92.2|
|Padthaway South||27.9||45.1||28 Jan 2009||11.6||3.4||8 Dec 2008||97.0|
|Robe Airfield||23.4||39.9||28 Jan 2009||12.2||4.7||5 Jan 2009||98.8|
|Robe Comparison||22.1||0.0||36.7||28 Jan 2009||13.9||+0.6||8.2||3 Jan 2009||89.8||66.7||high||135%|
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Monday 2 March 2009. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.