Thursday, 3 September 2009 - Seasonal Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0
Generally near average around the state, apart from tending below average in the central and northern pastoral areas, and tending above average over Eyre Peninsula, central and lower Yorke Peninsula, and Kangaroo Island. The pattern of rainfall through the season was focussed on late June through July, with the start and finish of the season tending below average.
Growing season rainfall (April to October ) across the state is near average so far, with some parts of the Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula and Kangaroo Island tending above average, and the north and north-east of the state tending below average. Year to date rainfall is generally near average apart from tending below average across pastoral areas in the north of the state, and in the eastern districts.
Rainfall in winter 2009 was generally below average in pastoral areas, particularly across the eastern and northern pastoral districts. Rainfall totals were patchy but typically from 15 to 30 mm, with some locations recording very much larger totals in isolated thunderstorm events. Yardea recorded 148 mm and Hiltaba 127 mm for example, as the highest winter totals in the pastoral areas.
Rainfall totals were generally near average, with the Eyre Peninsula, lower Yorke Peninsula, Kangaroo Island much of the Mount Lofty Ranges tending above average.
Rainfall totals were typically 80 to 150 mm across northern and western agricultural areas, with totals reaching 150 to 300 mm around western Eyre Peninsula, lower Yorke Peninsula and the Southeast, with higher totals of 250 to 350 mm generally on Kangaroo Island the Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower Southeast. The highest total for the state was 546.3 mm in the Adelaide Hills at Piccadilly.
Widespread above average temperatures were seen this winter, particularly in August, and through central and northern South Australia. Both maximum and minimum temperatures were within 1°C of average in the south but up to 3 to 4°C above average in the north of the state. Winter 2009 is the warmest winter for South Australia as a whole, looking across the area averaged temperature record, which is available back to 1950. There are few stations recording temperature in South Australia prior to that time, though Marree in the pastoral districts has a temperature record back to 1898, and winter 2009, as well as August 2009, are the warmest across that record for that location, giving some indication that the warm conditions this winter may be unusual looking back prior to 1950.
The hottest winter day was 35.3°C recorded at Oodnadatta Airport on the 15th August. The coldest daily maximum was at Mount Crawford on the 14th July when 8.2°C was recorded. The lowest overnight winter minimum temperature recorded was at Yunta Airstrip on the 7th July when −4.7°C was recorded.
Oodnadatta Airport had the warmest winter mean maximum temperature of 22.5°C. The lowest mean maximum winter temperature was 12.2°C at Mount Crawford in the Adelaide Hills.
The warmest nights on average across winter were recorded on Neptune Island with 12.3°C, while the coldest nights on average were recorded at Yongala in the Northeast Pastoral district averaging 4.1°C for the season.
Some sites had their highest winter temperature on record.
Some sites had their highest winter mean daily maximum temperature on record.See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.
Some sites had their warmest winter night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.
Some sites had their highest winter mean daily minimum temperature on record.See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.
|35.3°C at Oodnadatta Airport on 15 Aug|
|Warmest days on average|
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
|22.5°C at Oodnadatta Airport|
|Coolest days on average|
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
|12.2°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower|
Lowest daily maximum temperature
|8.2°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower on 14 Jul|
|−4.7°C at Yunta Airstrip on 7 Jul|
|Coolest nights on average|
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
|4.1°C at Yongala|
|Warmest nights on average|
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
|12.3°C at Neptune Island|
Highest daily minimum temperature
|21.5°C at Moomba Airport on 29 Aug|
Highest total rainfall
|546.3 mm at Piccadilly (Woodhouse)|
|Highest wind gust||115 km/h at Whyalla Aero on 30 Jun|
|Record highest winter temperature|
in winter 2009 (°C)
|Hawker||30.0||on 15 Aug||= 30.0||on 30 Aug 2007||36||16.7|
|Record highest winter mean daily maximum temperature|
Mean daily maximum
for winter 2009 (°C)
|Marree Comparison||22.0||= 22.0||in 2002||68||20.0|
|Oodnadatta Airport||22.5||22.3||in 2002||59||20.5|
|Neptune Island||16.3||16.2||in 1994||47||15.5|
|Loxton Research Centre||17.9||17.6||in 2002||25||16.5|
|Record highest winter daily minimum temperature|
Highest daily minimum
in winter 2009 (°C)
|Whyalla Aero||15.9||on 21 Aug||= 15.9||on 10 Jun 2005||25||5.7|
|Record highest winter mean daily minimum temperature|
Mean daily minimum
for winter 2009 (°C)
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||9.7||9.5||in 1996||86||8.1|
|Ceduna AMO||7.9||7.7||in 1991||67||6.1|
|Andamooka||8.1||= 8.1||in 1973||39||6.6|
|Leigh Creek Airport||7.0||6.9||in 1995||25||5.4|
In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.
|Summary statistics for winter 2009|
|Northwest (district 16)|
|Andamooka||20.6||+1.4||31.5||15 Aug||8.1||+1.4||1.8||9 Jul||30.2||41.3||average||73%|
|Coober Pedy Airport||20.7||33.2||15 Aug||8.2||2.6||23 Jun||8.0|
|Ernabella||20.6||31.9||28 Aug||6.9||−0.8||23 Jul||13.6|
|Nonning||17.9||+0.8||29.0||15 Aug||6.0||+1.7||−1.0||24 Jul||92.5||77.8||average||119%|
|Roxby Downs||20.0||30.9||15 Aug||7.5||0.8||8 Aug||18.2|
|Tarcoola Aero||20.5||33.5||15 Aug||7.3||0.9||21 Jun||37.2|
|Woomera Aerodrome||19.2||+1.5||30.3||15 Aug||7.7||+1.3||3.7||24 Jul||31.0||44.8||average||69%|
|Far North (district 17)|
|Arkaroola||19.3||+1.9||29.1||15 Aug||6.1||+2.0||−1.3||24 Jul||18.6||44.3||low||42%|
|Leigh Creek Airport||18.8||+1.3||29.5||15 Aug||7.0||+1.6||1.2||24 Jul||31.4||50.7||low||62%|
|Marree Aero||21.4||33.1||15 Aug||7.1||1.7||9 Jul||9.8|
|Marree Comparison||22.0||+2.0||33.2||15 Aug||7.4||+1.7||1.6||8 Jul||8.2||32.7||low||25%|
|Moomba Airport||22.2||34.6||22 Aug||8.7||2.1||25 Jul||1.8|
|Oodnadatta Airport||22.5||+2.0||35.3||15 Aug||8.8||+2.3||3.0||31 Aug||1.8||30.3||low||6%|
|Western Agricultural (district 18)|
|Ceduna AMO||19.2||+1.1||31.2||20 Aug||7.9||+1.8||1.0||1 Jun||118.0||109.7||average||108%|
|Cleve||17.0||+1.1||27.6||15 Aug||8.7||+1.2||4.5||23 Jul||169.8||140.6||high||121%|
|Cleve Aerodrome||16.9||27.1||15 Aug||8.6||3.5||8 Aug||132.4||130.8||average||101%|
|Coulta||16.5||23.1||14 Aug||8.8||4.5||25 Jul||252.2|
|Cummins Aero||16.7||23.7||15 Aug||6.5||0.0||8 Aug||276.0|
|Elliston||17.9||+1.1||24.6||14 Aug||9.6||+1.4||3.5||17 Jun||287.7||202.5||very high||142%|
|Kimba||16.6||+0.4||28.0||15 Aug||6.8||+1.4||2.2||24 Jul||150.2||123.3||high||122%|
|Kyancutta||18.1||+0.3||28.6||15 Aug||6.7||+1.7||−0.2||8 Aug||159.5||118.4||high||135%|
|Minnipa DPI||16.9||26.8||15 Aug||7.7||2.7||23 Jul||177.8|
|Neptune Island||16.3||+0.8||22.0||20 Jul||12.3||+0.8||8.5||25 Aug||246.6||206.5||high||119%|
|North Shields||17.2||24.3||15 Aug||8.3||3.2||8 Aug||225.6|
|Nullarbor||19.6||+0.7||30.8||20 Aug||7.0||+1.3||1.5||1 Jun||72.0||81.8||average||88%|
|Port Augusta Aero||19.4||31.6||15 Aug||7.3||0.2||24 Jul||59.4|
|Streaky Bay||18.2||+1.1||25.6||16 Aug||10.3||+1.5||2.0||6 Jun||290.8||174.0||very high||167%|
|Whyalla Aero||18.9||+1.4||31.3||15 Aug||7.3||+1.7||0.3||8 Aug||85.0||69.3||high||123%|
|Wudinna Aero||17.8||28.1||15 Aug||7.2||1.1||7 Aug||161.2|
|Upper North (district 19)|
|Hawker||17.2||+0.5||30.0||15 Aug||6.4||+2.3||0.8||24 Jul||70.3||104.0||low||68%|
|Yongala||14.2||+0.6||25.8||15 Aug||4.1||+1.6||−3.3||24 Jul||114.7||122.5||average||94%|
|Northeast (district 20)|
|Gluepot Reserve||18.5||30.2||15 Aug||5.5||−4.5||7 Jul||62.9|
|Yunta Airstrip||17.0||27.1||15 Aug||5.5||−4.7||7 Jul||40.6|
|Lower North (district 21)|
|Clare High School||14.0||23.6||15 Aug||5.7||−0.6||24 Jul||197.2|
|Port Pirie Aerodrome||17.8||27.6||15 Aug||7.2||−0.5||8 Aug||130.8|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||18.2||+1.0||27.0||15 Aug||9.7||+1.6||1.0||27 Aug||139.1||109.6||high||127%|
|Snowtown||16.4||25.4||15 Aug||5.7||−1.6||8 Aug||146.0|
|Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)|
|Edithburgh||15.9||23.9||15 Aug||7.8||1.4||8 Aug||177.8|
|Kadina AWS||16.9||26.5||15 Aug||6.4||−1.3||8 Aug||122.6|
|Maitland||15.8||+0.8||25.2||15 Aug||8.6||+1.3||4.2||7 Jul||230.0||195.8||high||117%|
|Minlaton Aero||16.5||24.5||15 Aug||8.1||1.6||7 Jul||197.8|
|Stenhouse Bay||16.5||23.3||15 Aug||10.0||4.3||8 Aug||241.6|
|Warooka||16.1||+0.6||20.4||28 Aug||8.8||+0.9||4.0||8 Jul||273.4||190.0||very high||144%|
|Kangaroo Island (district 22B)|
|Cape Borda||15.1||19.4||15 Aug||10.3||6.4||7 Jul||317.1|
|Cape Willoughby||15.3||+0.8||20.6||15 Aug||10.8||+0.8||6.6||25 Aug||253.0||230.7||average||110%|
|Kingscote Aero||16.6||22.3||15 Aug||6.9||−0.9||8 Aug||244.4|
|Adelaide Plains (district 23A)|
|Adelaide||16.8||+0.8||26.7||15 Aug||9.0||+1.1||2.9||7 Jul||216.8||222.4||average||98%|
|Adelaide Airport||16.5||+0.9||26.6||15 Aug||8.4||+1.1||1.8||7 Jul||139.0||164.8||average||84%|
|Edinburgh RAAF||16.5||+0.6||26.1||15 Aug||7.2||+0.8||−0.1||7 Jul||172.0||156.4||average||110%|
|Parafield Airport||16.7||+1.0||26.2||15 Aug||7.4||+0.7||0.1||7 Jul||199.4||166.7||high||120%|
|Roseworthy AWS||16.5||27.4||15 Aug||6.8||−0.7||7 Jul||154.0|
|County Light (district 23B)|
|Nuriootpa Viticultural||14.6||24.8||15 Aug||6.1||−0.3||8 Aug||202.2|
|Rosedale||16.1||+0.8||25.5||15 Aug||6.3||+0.5||−0.9||7 Jul||203.5||172.6||high||118%|
|Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)|
|Hindmarsh Island AWS||16.4||27.7||15 Aug||8.4||2.5||9 Jul||150.2|
|Kuitpo Forest Reserve||13.6||23.4||15 Aug||7.6||3.5||11 Jun||231.6|
|Mount Barker||15.0||+1.4||24.4||15 Aug||6.1||+1.3||−0.5||8 Aug||382.5||307.9||high||124%|
|Mount Crawford Fire Tower||12.2||22.0||15 Aug||6.9||2.1||6 Jul||315.8|
|Noarlunga||16.0||24.7||15 Aug||9.6||4.4||7 Jul||202.2|
|Parawa||12.9||20.2||15 Aug||7.9||3.3||7 Jul||405.8|
|Victor Harbor||16.5||26.4||15 Aug||7.3||−0.1||9 Jul||248.0|
|Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)|
|Loxton Research Centre||17.9||+1.4||29.4||15 Aug||5.4||+1.2||−2.9||8 Aug||61.4||81.9||low||75%|
|Renmark Aero||18.1||30.0||15 Aug||5.5||−4.3||8 Jul||58.0|
|Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)|
|Eudunda||14.4||+0.6||25.1||15 Aug||6.4||+1.1||0.7||7 Jul||167.0||159.1||average||105%|
|Meningie||16.2||+0.7||23.0||15 Aug||8.0||+1.0||2.3||8 Jul||193.0||179.4||average||108%|
|Murray Bridge||16.9||28.6||15 Aug||5.1||−2.8||8 Aug||107.2|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||17.7||+0.9||29.0||15 Aug||6.1||+0.4||−0.5||8 Aug||124.8||110.0||high||113%|
|Strathalbyn Racecourse||16.3||26.0||15 Aug||7.4||1.9||8 Aug||207.6|
|Murray Mallee (district 25A)|
|Karoonda||17.1||29.8||15 Aug||5.7||−1.0||8 Aug||99.7||107.9||average||92%|
|Upper Southeast (district 25B)|
|Keith||16.3||+0.7||26.2||15 Aug||6.9||+1.1||0.9||17 Jun||211.8||165.4||high||128%|
|Keith||16.0||25.5||15 Aug||6.0||0.5||17 Jun||198.0|
|Lameroo||16.0||27.0||15 Aug||5.2||−0.6||8 Aug||94.2|
|Lameroo Comparison||16.7||+1.1||28.2||15 Aug||5.9||+1.2||1.1||8 Aug||99.8||126.5||average||79%|
|Lower Southeast (district 26)|
|Cape Jaffa||14.7||20.1||15 Aug||8.2||1.5||8 Jul||316.8|
|Coonawarra||15.0||+0.6||23.0||15 Aug||6.0||+0.8||−0.7||17 Jun||248.9||231.9||average||107%|
|Mount Gambier Aero||14.3||+0.6||21.7||15 Aug||6.4||+0.9||−0.5||17 Jul||354.6||276.6||high||128%|
|Naracoorte Aerodrome||15.1||22.9||15 Aug||6.3||−0.5||7 Jul||227.2|
|Padthaway South||15.4||20.4||6 Aug||6.6||0.0||17 Jun||239.0|
|Robe Airfield||15.3||22.7||15 Aug||7.3||0.0||7 Jul||345.4|
|Robe Comparison||14.5||+0.4||19.3||15 Aug||9.3||+0.9||4.2||16 Jun||338.2||285.5||high||118%|
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Thursday 3 September 2009. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.