Monday, 1 March 2010 - Seasonal Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC13R0
South Australia in summer 2009-10
Well above average temperatures but mixed rainfall.
- Summer rainfall generally near average across the state, apart from the northeast, which had a wet finish and above average summer rainfall totals.
- Temperatures were well above average across the season, and early January saw a heatwave event that extended across southern Australia.
Summer 2010 rainfall over South Australia was very variable, even for a summer season. Pastoral districts of South Australia had above average rainfall in December and particularly through February leaving the season as a whole wetter than average in those areas.
Agricultural districts further south remained near average generally through summer, though the northern Eyre Peninsula and the Mount Lofty and southern Flinders ranges tended below average for December and February rainfall leaving those areas with below average rainfall for summer as a whole.
Rainfall totals in the pastoral areas were extremely variable ranging from around 20 to 100mm, with higher localised totals at some locations of over 150mm. Moomba Airport recorded a summer rainfall of 270.4mm, most of this occurring during February, and this is then the third wettest summer at Moomba since records began in 1972. This is also the highest rainfall total in the state for this summer. Wirulla in the western Agricultural district recorded only 11.2mm on 6 days across the whole of this summer as the lowest summer rainfall total this year.
Totals in the agricultural areas were generally between 20 mm and 60 mm with the southeast and the Mount Lofty Ranges locations more consistently around the upper end of that range.Some sites had their lowest total summer rainfall for at least 25 years. See a map of rainfall deciles.
South Australia generally was very much warmer than average for summer 2010 in the south but cooler than average in the north for maximum temperatures under cloudy conditions associated with the above average rainfall in that part of the state. A heatwave event across southern Australia in the first week of January saw southern parts of South Australia with temperatures over 8°C degrees above average for that time of year. Widespread rainfall in the northeast in February saw the end of the season being very much cooler than average in the associated cloudy conditions in that area.
Also, many locations had numbers of hot days (days with maximum temperatures > 35°C ) and very hot days (days with maximum temperatures > 40°C ) about twice the summer average.
Mean maximum temperatures over the pastoral districts of the state were up to 2°C warmer than normal in the southern pastoral districts, but tending up to 1°C cooler than average in the northern pastoral areas, and ranged from 32.4°C at Yunta in the Northeast district to 36.9°C at Marree in the Far North district. The hottest summer day in the pastoral areas was on the 27th January with 45.5°C at Marree.
Mean maximum temperatures in the agricultural districts ranged from 22.6°C at Cape Willoughby on Kangaroo Island to Mount Lofty in the Mount Lofty Ranges to 34.0°C at both Kyancutta and Port Augusta Aerodrome in the Western Agricultural Districts. The highest recorded maximum temperature for this summer in the state was 45.8°C on the 11th January at both Murray Bridge in the Lower Murray Valley, and at Keith in the Upper Southeast. The coolest daily maximum temperature was recorded at Kuitpo Forest in the Mount Lofty Ranges with 15.6°C on the 10th of December.
In the pastoral districts mean monthly overnight minimum temperatures ranged from 15.6°C at Gluepot Reserve in the Northeast district to 23.2°C at Moomba Airport in the Far North district. The lowest recorded minimum temperature in the pastoral areas was 7.4°C recorded at Gluepot Reserve on 9th December 2009. The warmest recorded minimum temperature in the pastoral districts was 31.1°C at Arcaroola on the 21st January 2010.
Over the agricultural districts mean minimum temperatures also were generally up to 1°C above average. They ranged from 10.9°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower South East district to 19.0 °C at Port Augusta Aerodrome in the Western Agricultural district.
The lowest recorded minimum temperature for summer was 0.1°C at Loxton on the 4th December 2009, whilst the highest recorded minimum temperature was 32.0°C at Port Pirie on the 11th January 2010.Some sites had their lowest summer temperature on record. Some sites had their warmest summer night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.
|Extremes in summer 2009-10|
45.8 °C at Keith (Munkora) on 11 Jan 2010|
45.8 °C at Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) on 11 Jan 2010
|Warmest days on average||36.9 °C at Marree Comparison|
|Coolest days on average||22.6 °C at Cape Willoughby|
|Coldest day||15.6 °C at Kuitpo Forest Reserve on 10 Dec 2009|
|Coldest night||0.1 °C at Loxton Research Centre on 4 Dec 2009|
|Coolest nights on average||10.9 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome|
|Warmest nights on average||23.2 °C at Moomba Airport|
|Warmest night||32.0 °C at Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison on 11 Jan 2010|
|Wettest overall||270.4 mm at Moomba Airport|
|Highest wind gust||141 km/h at Lameroo (Austin Plains) on 31 Dec 2009|
|Lowest total summer rainfall for at least 25 years|
for summer 2009-10 (mm)
Most recent lower
|Adelaide (Morphett Vale)||24.8||20.0||in 1964||26||67.2|
|Record highest summer daily minimum temperature|
Highest daily minimum
in summer 2009-10 (°C)
|Neptune Island||23.3||on 11 Jan 2010||23.2||on 20 Feb 1997||49||15.8|
|Warooka||28.4||on 11 Jan 2010||= 28.4||on 22 Jan 2006||46||15.0|
|Record lowest summer temperature|
in summer 2009-10 (°C)
|Elliston||4.8||on 9 Dec 2009||5.6||on 29 Dec 1971||49||15.3|
|Loxton Research Centre||0.1||on 4 Dec 2009||4.5||on 1 Dec 2001||26||13.9|
|Summary statistics for summer 2009-10|
|Northwest (district 16)|
|Andamooka||36.1||+0.6||43.3||27 Jan 2010||21.7||+1.2||13.7||11 Dec 2009||74.1||60.2||high||123%|
|Coober Pedy Airport||35.4||43.4||27 Jan 2010||21.4||12.8||25 Dec 2009||30.8|
|Ernabella (Pukatja)||34.0||41.8||7 Dec 2009||20.0||13.0||25 Dec 2009||144.4|
|Nonning||33.7||+1.3||42.0||9 Jan 2010||17.2||+1.1||7.5||11 Dec 2009||25.1||51.0||low||49%|
|Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome)||35.8||43.0||27 Jan 2010||20.8||13.6||11 Dec 2009||34.2|
|Tarcoola Aero||36.0||43.1||31 Dec 2009||19.0||9.1||11 Dec 2009||25.8|
|Woomera Aerodrome||34.8||+1.3||43.0||23 Dec 2009||20.0||+1.2||11.9||11 Dec 2009||43.6||48.5||average||90%|
|Far North (district 17)|
|Arkaroola||32.6||-0.8||41.9||22 Jan 2010||19.6||+0.6||11.0||12 Dec 2009||146.8||92.9||high||158%|
|Leigh Creek Airport||34.9||+0.7||42.4||22 Jan 2010||20.4||+0.6||12.6||12 Dec 2009||59.4||68.1||average||87%|
|Marree Aero||36.4||44.2||27 Jan 2010||21.8||13.1||12 Dec 2009||89.8|
|Marree Comparison||36.9||0.0||45.5||27 Jan 2010||21.8||+1.2||13.4||12 Dec 2009||82.1||54.6||high||150%|
|Moomba Airport||35.2||44.1||26 Jan 2010||23.2||17.8||20 Jan 2010||270.4|
|Oodnadatta Airport||36.5||-0.4||44.3||27 Jan 2010||22.7||+0.6||12.1||12 Dec 2009||89.6||72.3||high||124%|
|Western Agricultural (district 18)|
|Ceduna AMO||30.1||+2.1||43.5||23 Dec 2009||15.6||+0.9||5.0||9 Dec 2009||28.8||45.0||average||64%|
|Cleve||28.9||+1.4||42.0||10 Jan 2010||16.7||+1.5||7.7||9 Dec 2009||36.2||63.2||average||57%|
|Cleve Aerodrome||29.3||43.0||10 Jan 2010||15.9||7.5||9 Dec 2009||31.0||57.8||low||54%|
|Cummins Aero||30.4||43.6||9 Jan 2010||14.7||5.1||9 Dec 2009||51.4|
|Elliston||26.8||+1.5||40.5||23 Dec 2009||16.3||+1.0||4.8||9 Dec 2009||54.7||39.9||high||137%|
|Kimba||32.0||+1.4||42.2||9 Jan 2010||15.9||+0.7||7.0||11 Dec 2009||29.2||56.6||low||52%|
|Kyancutta||34.0||+2.0||45.2||23 Dec 2009||14.4||+0.5||4.7||9 Dec 2009||18.4||49.8||low||37%|
|Neptune Island||23.0||+1.5||32.5||10 Jan 2010||17.0||+1.2||13.5||4 Dec 2009||25.4||43.1||average||59%|
|North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS)||26.7||43.6||10 Jan 2010||15.6||6.5||9 Dec 2009||62.4|
|Nullarbor||28.8||+1.5||43.3||8 Jan 2010||15.9||+0.7||7.7||5 Dec 2009||83.0||38.4||v high||216%|
|Port Augusta Aero||34.0||44.5||11 Jan 2010||19.0||11.8||11 Dec 2009||20.8|
|Streaky Bay||30.7||+2.2||41.8||8 Jan 2010||16.9||+1.2||10.0||9 Dec 2009||11.9||38.7||low||31%|
|Whyalla Aero||29.9||+0.7||43.1||23 Dec 2009||17.7||+0.7||10.2||9 Dec 2009||32.6||59.3||average||55%|
|Wudinna Aero||33.9||44.9||9 Jan 2010||14.6||4.6||9 Dec 2009||20.4|
|Upper North (district 19)|
|Hawker||33.9||+0.8||41.5||23 Dec 2009||18.2||+1.0||10.0||12 Dec 2009||33.4||62.2||average||54%|
|Yongala||31.7||+1.9||40.3||10 Jan 2010||13.6||+0.9||3.3||11 Dec 2009||20.8||66.4||low||31%|
|Northeast (district 20)|
|Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot)||33.2||43.9||10 Jan 2010||15.6||7.4||9 Dec 2009||78.7|
|Yunta Airstrip||32.4||41.7||22 Jan 2010||16.1||8.6||11 Dec 2009||77.0|
|Lower North (district 21)|
|Clare High School||30.2||40.3||9 Jan 2010||14.3||4.8||9 Dec 2009||40.4|
|Port Pirie Aerodrome||32.6||43.3||9 Jan 2010||16.6||8.5||9 Dec 2009||29.2|
|Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison||32.5||+1.3||43.0||9 Jan 2010||18.7||+1.4||11.5||4 Dec 2009||30.0||58.8||average||51%|
|Snowtown (Rayville Park)||32.5||43.0||10 Jan 2010||13.4||4.6||4 Dec 2009||69.4|
|Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)|
|Edithburgh||25.9||42.4||11 Jan 2010||16.7||8.2||9 Dec 2009||43.2|
|Kadina AWS||32.0||44.0||9 Jan 2010||14.2||6.4||4 Dec 2009||30.6|
|Maitland||29.7||+1.7||41.8||10 Jan 2010||16.5||+1.5||9.5||4 Dec 2009||38.8||61.3||average||63%|
|Minlaton Aero||29.7||42.8||11 Jan 2010||15.0||6.9||11 Dec 2009||43.2|
|Stenhouse Bay||25.2||41.4||11 Jan 2010||16.8||10.7||9 Dec 2009||47.8|
|Warooka||27.7||+1.1||41.6||10 Jan 2010||16.1||+1.1||9.2||18 Dec 2009||51.3||48.9||average||105%|
|Kangaroo Island (district 22B)|
|Cape Borda||24.5||37.7||9 Jan 2010||14.5||8.1||4 Dec 2009||37.6|
|Cape Willoughby||22.6||+1.3||38.5||16 Dec 2009||16.6||+1.2||11.3||9 Dec 2009||53.9||59.1||average||91%|
|Kingscote Aero||27.4||42.4||10 Jan 2010||12.3||4.2||4 Dec 2009||36.4|
|Adelaide Plains (district 23A)|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||30.4||+2.0||42.8||11 Jan 2010||17.7||+1.1||10.3||9 Dec 2009||33.0||59.6||low||55%|
|Adelaide Airport||28.9||+1.7||41.0||10 Jan 2010||16.6||+1.1||10.0||9 Dec 2009||28.8||59.5||low||48%|
|Edinburgh RAAF||30.8||+1.6||44.5||11 Jan 2010||16.3||+0.4||8.1||4 Dec 2009||40.0||58.4||average||68%|
|Parafield Airport||31.1||+2.3||42.4||10 Jan 2010||16.0||+0.2||8.0||4 Dec 2009||18.6||63.0||v low||30%|
|Roseworthy AWS||31.9||45.1||11 Jan 2010||14.4||5.4||4 Dec 2009||14.2|
|County Light (district 23B)|
|Nuriootpa Viticultural||30.2||42.1||11 Jan 2010||14.1||5.5||9 Dec 2009||32.8|
|Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)||31.5||+1.8||44.1||11 Jan 2010||14.8||+0.1||5.4||4 Dec 2009||40.4||59.6||average||68%|
|Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)|
|Hindmarsh Island AWS||25.6||40.9||31 Dec 2009||15.7||10.4||7 Jan 2010||58.0|
|Kuitpo Forest Reserve||26.2||38.5||10 Jan 2010||14.2||7.2||9 Dec 2009||43.0|
|Mount Barker||29.2||+2.9||41.0||11 Jan 2010||12.1||+0.8||4.7||9 Dec 2009||46.8||85.4||low||55%|
|Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)||27.9||40.4||11 Jan 2010||14.1||6.6||4 Dec 2009||49.0|
|Noarlunga||28.3||40.3||10 Jan 2010||17.0||9.3||4 Dec 2009||28.2|
|Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)||24.0||38.8||10 Jan 2010||13.9||7.8||4 Dec 2009||78.4|
|Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay)||25.2||42.0||10 Jan 2010||14.2||7.3||9 Dec 2009||76.4|
|Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)|
|Loxton Research Centre||32.4||+1.6||44.3||10 Jan 2010||14.7||+0.8||0.1||4 Dec 2009||55.2||53.5||average||103%|
|Renmark Aero||33.4||44.9||22 Jan 2010||16.4||7.9||9 Dec 2009||40.4|
|Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)|
|Eudunda||30.4||+2.1||41.6||9 Jan 2010||14.7||+1.3||5.9||11 Dec 2009||28.8||69.1||low||42%|
|Meningie||27.0||+1.4||42.1||10 Jan 2010||14.1||+0.5||7.8||4 Dec 2009||61.0||58.3||average||105%|
|Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome)||30.8||45.8||11 Jan 2010||14.1||5.5||4 Dec 2009||35.8|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||31.0||+2.4||45.5||10 Jan 2010||15.0||+0.9||7.3||9 Dec 2009||42.2||57.6||average||73%|
|Strathalbyn Racecourse||28.2||43.1||11 Jan 2010||14.2||7.2||4 Dec 2009||35.8|
|Murray Mallee (district 25A)|
|Karoonda||31.2||44.5||11 Jan 2010||14.3||7.0||4 Dec 2009||52.3||60.2||average||87%|
|Upper Southeast (district 25B)|
|Keith||30.2||+1.1||44.0||10 Jan 2010||13.5||+0.8||6.5||4 Dec 2009||66.1||64.7||average||102%|
|Keith (Munkora)||30.7||45.8||11 Jan 2010||11.8||3.5||23 Feb 2010||64.8|
|Lameroo (Austin Plains)||31.4||44.5||11 Jan 2010||13.9||6.1||4 Dec 2009||64.6|
|Lameroo Comparison||31.1||+1.0||43.7||11 Jan 2010||14.8||+1.8||7.1||5 Jan 2010||63.0||65.5||average||96%|
|Lower Southeast (district 26)|
|Cape Jaffa (The Limestone)||24.4||39.5||10 Jan 2010||13.5||8.4||28 Jan 2010||48.0|
|Coonawarra||27.9||+1.6||41.6||11 Jan 2010||11.4||+0.4||4.3||24 Jan 2010||66.2||80.0||average||83%|
|Mount Gambier Aero||26.1||+1.7||42.5||11 Jan 2010||11.5||+0.6||5.2||24 Jan 2010||93.2||90.3||average||103%|
|Naracoorte Aerodrome||29.5||43.0||11 Jan 2010||10.9||3.0||4 Dec 2009||68.8|
|Padthaway South||28.9||42.9||10 Jan 2010||11.9||4.7||4 Dec 2009||68.0|
|Robe Airfield||24.4||38.9||10 Jan 2010||12.3||5.1||4 Jan 2010||63.0|
|Robe Comparison||22.8||+0.7||34.9||10 Jan 2010||14.0||+0.7||9.2||24 Jan 2010||58.6||66.7||average||88%|
A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Monday 1 March 2010. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.