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Gariwerd Calendar
Gariwerd calendar from the Halls Gap Region showing six seasons
January February March March April May June July July August September October November November December January
Kooyang Gwangal Moronn Chunnup Larneuk Petyan Ballambar
Late Summer Autumn Winter Pre-Spring Spring Early Summer

Gwangal moronn – autumn – season of honey bees

Late March to end of May

Gwangal moronn season is depicted by insects, pink heath and being at home in the wuurn.

The lifestyle for the Gariwerd communities during gwangal moronn:

People gather in villages.

People in the south lived on raised platforms to escape waterlogging.

Layered cooking ovens are used at this time and are passed over generations.

Distinct roles and tasks included foraging and gathering by females and hunting by males.

For the woodland areas of Gariwerd, gwangal moronn brings the following:

Gwangal moronn sees berries ripening.
Plants flowering including:
cranberry heath and hop goodenia in full flower
pink heath and flame grevillea
candlebark and manna gums
Many orchid shoots showing
first rosettes of greenhood orchids
parsons bands orchids are flowering
Peak of fungi season:
red and white “fly agaric” fungi

Marsupials active:
young bandicoots out of pouch
antechinus active
dingoes mating
Possums are beginning to breed.

Pre northern migration flocking begins:
red wattle birds flocking
first flame robin juveniles and females come down from the hills
flocks of insectivorous birds pass down gullies
pied currawongs come down from mountains
Many birds are moulting feathers during this season.
Honeyeaters and wrens are searching for moths and insects.

Wattle goat moths can be seen and giant swift moths are laying eggs at the base of gums.

For the wetlands areas of Gariwerd, gwangal moronn means the following:

River red gums flowers continue to attract honeyeaters.

Masked lapwings and grey fantails are flocking.

Reptiles/ Amphibians
Skinks and tortoises hibernate.
Many tadpoles can be seen in ponds.
Mature eels head out to sea to breed.

Hawk moths are common.
Aquatic insects emerge as adults, attracting swallows and martins.

The Gariwerd Homelands | Bureau of Meteorology Temperature and Rainfall Graphs for this region

Permission to use the Gariwerd seasonal calendar is granted by the Elders/Directors of Gariwerd, which includes the Gunditjmara, Winda Mara (Kerrup Jamara), Goolum Goolum, Kirrae Whurrong and Framlingham peoples. A link to the Brambuk website is included, www.brambuk.com.au.