Notes for contributors to the Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science (JSHESS)

How to submit

Submissions should be made through the Scholastica system. The Journal can handle a wide range of formats at the initial submission stage, but at final publication stage the paper will need to be put into the JSHESS template (available in either Word or LaTeX).


For style refer to the publication Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers of Australian Government Publications (6th edition, 2002), and to recent issues of the journal.

Each manuscript generally includes the following components, which should be presented in the order listed.

  1. Title, author's name, affiliation, and dateline. These items should appear on one page, separate from the remainder of the manuscript. The affiliation should be as concise as possible and in general should not constitute a complete address. The date of receipt of the manuscript will be supplied by the Editor.
  2. Abstract. An abstract is required at the beginning of each article and, at the discretion of the Editor, at the beginning of appropriate shorter contributions. Authors are reminded to summarise their conclusions in the abstract, as well as the methods used, since abstracts are frequently quoted verbatim in abstracting journals.
  3. Text. The text should be divided into sections and subsections (when required), each with a separate heading.
  4. Acknowledgments.
  5. References. References should be arranged alphabetically without numbering. The text citation should consist of the name of the author and the year of publication. Thus, 'according to Halley (1686)', or 'as shown by an earlier study (Halley 1686)'. When there are two or more papers by the same author published in the same year, the distinguishing letters a, b, etc., should be added to the year. In the listing of references, each reference must be complete and in the following form. For an article: author(s)-surname followed by initials, year, title of article, title of journal (abbreviated and in italics), volume number, pages. For a book: author(s)-surname followed by initials, year, title of book (italics), publisher, city of publication, pages. Abbreviations for journal titles should in general conform to the World List of Scientific Periodicals. Abbreviations for the most commonly referenced journals are given in Notes for Authors.
  6. Appendix. Lengthy mathematical analyses whose details are subordinate to the main theme of the paper should normally be put into an appendix.
  7. Figure captions. Each figure must be provided with an adequate caption.
  8. Figures. Each figure should be mentioned specifically in the text, and preferably appear soon after their first metion in the text.

Mathematical symbols and formulae

Some general rules are:

  1. The numbers that identify equations are to be placed at the right-hand margin. References in text to the equations may then usually be made by the number prefixed by Eqn.
  2. Double-line fractions should not be used in the body of the text. To indicate such fractions, use the solidus (/) or the negative exponent; thus a/b, or ab-1, or b-1a.
  3. Avoid double superscripts or subscripts as well as superscripts attached to the same symbol.
  4. Indicate vectors and matrices by placing a wavy line under the symbol. Do not underline any other symbols or use underlining as part of a symbol.
  5. When the number e is modified by a complicated exponent, use the symbol exp.
  6. In writing units, the solidus (/) may be used instead of negative exponents provided ambiguity is avoided: i.e. either J kg-1 K-1 or J/(kg K) is acceptable, but not J/kg/K. Multiple use of the solidus is never justified.


The International System of Units is standard in the Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science and SI (m, kg, s, K) units should be used throughout. Words and symbols for units should not be mixed; in general, symbols should be used only when preceded by a number (thus '10 m', but 'several metres'). Unit symbols are not punctuated, i.e. they are not treated as abbreviations; the same symbol is used for both singular and plural. Note that, although the kelvin is the unit of temperature in the SI, the degree sign must be used in writing temperatures or temperature differences in the Celsius scale, i.e. '272 K', but '22 oC'. Day, month and year are written '29 December 1959' (do not abbreviate names of months). The recommended time zone is Coordinated Universal Time, abbreviated UTC. Time, time zone, day, month and year are written '2330 UTC 29 December 1959', in some instances the use of other time zones is permissible, for example, AEST (150oE meridian civil time).


Unless repetitive, abbreviations should be avoided, especially of organisations (write 'World Meteorological Organization' not 'WMO'), and acronyms should be identified with their first use, e.g. 'clear-air turbulence (CAT)'.

Proofs and reprints

Authors of papers accepted for publication will receive PDF proofs only. Reprints are no longer provided as papers are freely available online for printing as required.

Last updated 28 June 2016 by Blair Trewin (