Latest Weather Observations for Victoria

Latest Weather Observations for Victoria

IDV60800

Issued at 6:32 am EDT Saturday 28 November 2020 (issued every 10 minutes, with the page automatically refreshed every 5 minutes)

Where no observation is available within the last 75 minutes, the latest observation is shown in italics and coloured and removed from the table after 30 hours.
Station names link to data for the previous 72 hours. These observations have not been quality controlled.

MALLEE

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
Charlton 28/06:30am 19.3 18.3 10.3 56 4.9 ESE 6 9 3 5 1004.4 0.0 19.0
06:18am
19.7
06:01am
SSW 24
03:47am
13
03:47am
Hopetoun Airport 28/06:30am 20.4 18.5 11.9 58 4.8 SE 13 17 7 9 1003.9 0.0 20.3
06:27am
21.1
06:00am
SE 24
06:08am
13
06:08am
Kerang 27/09:00am 24.4 23.8 8.9 37 8.4 ENE 2 - 1 - - 0.0 - - - - -
Mildura 28/06:30am 25.4 23.4 8.8 35 9.0 N 9 13 5 7 1003.3 0.0 24.4
05:39am
25.7
06:27am
N 17
04:29am
9
04:29am
Ouyen 27/09:00am 29.7 36.0 26.8 84 2.1 NNE 7 - 4 - - 0.0 - - - - -
Swan Hill 28/06:30am 22.8 20.3 6.6 35 8.4 SSE 9 13 5 7 1003.5 0.0 20.7
03:56am
22.9
06:27am
SSE 15
06:15am
8
06:15am
Walpeup 28/06:30am 23.8 20.1 4.7 29 9.6 SSE 13 17 7 9 - 0.0 23.7
06:26am
24.8
06:04am
S 20
05:31am
11
05:31am

WIMMERA

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
Edenhope 28/06:30am 18.3 15.9 7.1 48 5.7 ESE 9 19 5 10 - 0.0 15.5
04:33am
18.4
06:28am
S 39
12:42am
21
12:42am
Horsham 28/06:30am 15.5 13.2 10.3 71 2.8 E 13 15 7 8 1004.8 0.0 15.4
06:30am
16.1
06:01am
SW 41
01:47am
22
01:47am
Kanagulk 28/06:30am 15.0 14.0 11.0 77 2.2 E 7 11 4 6 1003.5 0.0 14.2
05:44am
15.1
06:30am
S 48
01:03am
26
01:03am
Longerenong 28/06:30am 17.6 15.2 6.8 49 5.4 ESE 9 15 5 8 - 0.0 16.6
04:44am
17.9
06:20am
SSW 35
01:55am
19
01:55am
Nhill Aerodrome 28/06:30am 17.5 13.6 10.9 65 3.6 ESE 22 30 12 16 1004.1 0.0 17.0
05:41am
17.6
06:30am
S 41
02:30am
22
02:30am
Stawell 28/06:30am 15.7 14.4 9.8 68 3.1 WSW 7 11 4 6 1005.9 0.0 14.8
05:20am
15.9
06:09am
SSE 44
01:51am
24
01:51am
Warracknabeal Airport 28/06:30am 17.5 13.5 10.4 63 3.8 SSE 22 33 12 18 1004.8 0.0 17.1
06:17am
17.5
06:30am
SSW 41
03:05am
22
03:05am

SOUTH WEST

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
Ararat 28/06:00am 14.5 12.2 11.6 83 1.6 S 15 - 8 - 1007.0 - - - - - -
Ben Nevis 28/06:30am 20.3 17.7 5.9 39 7.5 WSW 9 13 5 7 - 0.0 14.3
02:15am
21.4
06:20am
SSW 43
02:16am
23
02:16am
Cape Nelson 28/06:30am 17.0 12.7 10.8 67 3.3 N 24 28 13 15 1004.8 0.0 14.8
01:53am
17.0
06:30am
NNE 44
05:19am
24
05:19am
Cape Otway 27/01:00pm 18.7 16.8 14.2 75 2.6 E 17 30 9 16 1009.3 0.0 - - - - -
Casterton 28/06:30am 15.4 14.1 11.4 77 2.2 S 9 13 5 7 1004.7 0.0 14.0
05:29am
15.4
06:30am
S 37
12:10am
20
12:10am
Dartmoor 28/06:30am 15.2 15.6 13.7 91 0.8 NNW 4 9 2 5 1005.6 0.0 14.5
04:41am
15.4
06:28am
SSE 32
12:12am
17
12:12am
Hamilton 28/06:30am 18.9 13.8 3.9 37 7.2 ENE 20 26 11 14 1005.0 0.0 13.3
03:50am
18.9
06:30am
SSW 43
12:42am
23
12:42am
Mortlake 28/06:30am 14.5 13.0 14.3 99 0.1 N 15 20 8 11 1004.9 0.0 13.3
04:12am
14.6
06:30am
SSW 30
01:07am
16
01:07am
Mount Gellibrand 28/06:30am 13.3 10.7 13.3 100 0.0 ENE 19 28 10 15 1004.7 0.0 12.9
04:02am
13.5
06:04am
WSW 43
12:45am
23
12:45am
Mount William 28/06:30am 21.0 17.2 3.7 32 8.8 NNW 13 15 7 8 - 0.0 16.6
05:13am
21.0
06:30am
W 33
12:00am
18
12:00am
Port Fairy 28/06:30am 15.7 14.1 11.7 77 2.2 NNE 11 19 6 10 1004.6 0.0 14.5
04:13am
15.8
06:30am
S 32
12:42am
17
12:42am
Portland Airport 28/06:30am 14.9 12.6 11.9 82 1.6 NNW 15 22 8 12 1005.7 0.0 14.1
04:28am
14.9
06:30am
S 33
12:15am
18
12:15am
Portland Harbour 28/06:30am 16.3 - - - - NW 6 9 3 5 1004.8 - - - - - -
Warrnambool 28/06:30am 15.0 12.9 13.7 92 0.7 N 17 20 9 11 1005.5 0.0 13.2
10:47pm
15.0
06:30am
NNE 41
05:57am
22
05:57am
Westmere 28/06:30am 13.7 12.2 13.2 97 0.3 NNE 13 20 7 11 1005.8 0.0 13.0
05:51am
13.7
06:30am
SSW 41
01:10am
22
01:10am

CENTRAL

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
Aireys Inlet 28/06:30am 15.8 12.7 11.6 76 2.3 NNW 19 35 10 19 - 0.0 14.4
05:03am
15.8
06:30am
SSW 63
12:45am
34
12:45am
Avalon 28/06:30am 16.1 16.4 16.1 100 0.0 NNW 9 20 5 11 1007.4 0.0 15.5
05:06am
16.1
06:30am
SSW 70
01:21am
38
01:21am
Ballarat 28/06:30am 16.8 13.2 10.0 64 3.7 SSE 19 22 10 12 1007.2 0.0 14.9
02:52am
16.9
06:26am
SSW 39
01:52am
21
01:52am
Cerberus 28/06:30am 16.2 15.6 13.5 84 1.5 WNW 9 13 5 7 1007.5 0.0 15.9
04:31am
16.3
06:29am
SW 54
01:35am
29
01:35am
Coldstream 28/06:30am 16.7 15.7 14.5 87 1.3 SSW 13 20 7 11 1007.2 0.0 15.6
05:50am
16.7
06:30am
NW 46
02:33am
25
02:33am
Essendon Airport 28/06:30am 16.6 16.2 14.2 86 1.4 W 9 9 5 5 1006.8 0.0 16.2
04:24am
16.8
06:25am
SSW 52
01:49am
28
01:49am
Fawkner Beacon 28/06:30am - - - - - NNW 15 20 8 11 - - - - S 69
02:00am
37
02:00am
Ferny Creek 28/06:30am 16.6 14.6 6.1 50 5.3 E 6 9 3 5 1007.1 0.0 14.6
05:06am
17.3
06:22am
WSW 24
01:45am
13
01:45am
Frankston (Ballam Park) 28/06:30am 16.6 17.3 13.5 82 1.8 SW 2 4 1 2 1005.3 0.0 15.9
04:53am
16.6
06:30am
S 30
01:48am
16
01:48am
Frankston Beach 28/06:30am - - - - - NNE 7 11 4 6 - - - - WSW 50
01:29am
27
01:29am
Geelong Racecourse 28/06:30am 16.5 15.3 14.0 85 1.4 NNE 13 19 7 10 1006.8 0.0 15.2
04:05am
16.5
06:30am
SSW 50
02:06am
27
02:06am
Laverton 28/06:30am 16.4 15.8 14.6 89 1.0 NNW 11 13 6 7 1006.7 0.0 16.0
04:45am
16.5
06:11am
SSW 54
01:57am
29
01:57am
Melbourne Airport 28/06:30am 15.5 15.6 14.5 94 0.6 N 7 9 4 5 1007.3 0.0 15.1
06:21am
15.5
06:30am
SW 41
02:02am
22
02:02am
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 28/06:30am 17.8 18.9 14.5 81 1.9 NW 2 6 1 3 1006.7 0.0 17.2
04:09am
17.8
06:30am
SSW 46
02:05am
25
02:05am
Moorabbin Airport 28/06:30am 17.3 16.1 14.0 81 1.9 NNW 13 24 7 13 1006.2 0.0 16.6
03:56am
17.6
06:29am
SSW 61
01:40am
33
01:40am
Pound Creek 28/06:30am 15.6 16.3 13.4 87 1.2 NE 2 7 1 4 1006.3 0.0 15.1
04:45am
15.7
06:30am
SW 50
01:44am
27
01:44am
Rhyll 28/06:30am 17.1 16.2 13.8 81 1.9 NNW 11 19 6 10 1007.3 0.0 16.3
04:02am
17.2
06:30am
SW 52
01:34am
28
01:34am
Scoresby 28/06:30am 17.1 18.5 15.4 90 1.0 ENE 2 6 1 3 - 0.0 16.3
04:32am
17.5
06:02am
SSW 30
02:00am
16
02:00am
Sheoaks 28/06:30am 15.9 14.7 12.8 82 1.7 N 11 17 6 9 1006.9 0.0 14.1
03:57am
16.0
06:30am
SSW 22
01:36am
12
01:36am
South Channel Island 28/06:30am - - - - - NNW 15 22 8 12 - - - - SSW 65
01:57am
35
01:57am
St Kilda Harbour RMYS 28/06:30am - - - - - NNW 7 13 4 7 - - - - SSW 65
02:04am
35
02:04am
Viewbank 28/06:30am 16.7 17.6 16.1 96 0.4 W 6 11 3 6 1007.3 0.0 16.5
06:05am
16.8
06:21am
SSW 48
02:01am
26
02:01am
Wonthaggi 27/09:00am 18.0 17.7 11.6 66 3.5 N 4 - 2 - 1014.6 0.0 - - - - -

NORTHERN COUNTRY

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
Bendigo 28/06:30am 19.9 18.6 12.4 62 4.3 ESE 11 15 6 8 1004.9 0.0 19.8
06:24am
20.5
06:01am
SE 28
05:32am
15
05:32am
Echuca 27/09:00am 20.6 19.1 10.5 52 5.5 ESE 9 - 5 - 1013.2 0.0 - - - - -
Kyabram 28/06:30am 20.4 19.8 13.4 64 4.0 SSE 9 13 5 7 - 0.0 18.0
04:37am
21.0
06:00am
S 24
04:43am
13
04:43am
Mangalore 28/06:30am 19.1 16.8 11.9 63 4.0 SSW 15 20 8 11 1005.5 0.0 17.7
05:59am
19.1
06:30am
SSW 44
03:46am
24
03:46am
Redesdale 28/06:30am 15.9 15.6 12.6 81 1.8 SSW 6 11 3 6 - 0.0 15.7
06:23am
15.9
06:30am
S 37
03:35am
20
03:35am
Shepparton 28/06:30am 19.9 18.5 13.4 66 3.7 SSW 13 15 7 8 1005.2 0.0 18.7
04:40am
20.0
06:30am
SSW 28
04:50am
15
04:50am
Strathbogie 27/09:00am 18.8 17.1 1.6 31 8.0 CALM 0 - 0 - - 0.0 - - - - -
Tatura 28/06:30am 19.1 18.1 13.3 69 3.3 S 11 17 6 9 - 0.0 18.0
04:16am
19.4
06:05am
S 32
04:30am
17
04:30am
Yarrawonga 28/06:30am 21.5 20.4 12.1 55 5.3 NNE 9 9 5 5 1004.8 0.0 19.5
05:42am
21.6
06:30am
W 22
01:43am
12
01:43am

NORTH EAST

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
Albury 28/06:30am 19.7 21.5 18.2 91 0.9 ENE 6 9 3 5 1007.0 0.0 18.4
04:59am
19.8
06:30am
NNE 13
05:20am
7
05:20am
Benalla 28/06:00am 21.6 22.8 13.7 60 4.6 CALM 0 - 0 - 1005.0 - - - - - -
Falls Creek 28/06:30am 17.4 10.9 6.6 49 5.9 NNW 30 39 16 21 1012.2 0.0 16.5
02:49am
17.5
06:30am
NNW 50
05:00am
27
05:00am
Hunters Hill 28/06:30am 22.4 21.1 9.9 45 7.1 N 7 13 4 7 - 0.0 22.2
06:29am
22.9
06:05am
NNE 22
12:44am
12
12:44am
Lake Dartmouth 27/09:00am 19.5 20.0 11.5 60 4.5 CALM 0 - 0 - - 0.0 - - - - -
Mount Buller 28/06:30am 17.1 11.9 5.7 47 6.1 NNW 22 24 12 13 - 0.0 15.1
04:03am
18.4
06:15am
NNW 65
12:34am
35
12:34am
Mount Hotham Airport 28/06:30am 20.1 17.7 7.1 43 7.1 NNW 9 13 5 7 1010.4 0.0 16.2
10:15pm
20.2
06:30am
W 39
02:01am
21
02:01am
Rutherglen 28/06:30am 22.0 21.6 14.1 61 4.6 E 9 13 5 7 - 0.0 17.9
04:23am
22.3
06:21am
E 19
05:03am
10
05:03am
Wangaratta 28/06:30am 18.9 20.1 14.8 77 2.4 S 2 9 1 5 - 0.0 17.0
05:47am
19.3
06:00am
SW 19
05:47am
10
05:47am

NORTH CENTRAL

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
Castlemaine 27/09:00am 21.1 20.8 8.8 45 6.6 CALM 0 - 0 - - 0.0 - - - - -
Eildon Fire Tower 28/06:30am 21.1 19.5 10.3 50 6.0 ENE 9 9 5 5 - 0.0 17.7
05:43am
21.1
06:30am
WSW 67
03:14am
36
03:14am
Kilmore Gap 28/06:30am 15.9 13.2 10.2 69 3.1 SSE 15 20 8 11 1007.1 0.0 13.0
05:09am
16.8
06:16am
SE 52
03:14am
28
03:14am
Lake Eildon 27/09:00am 17.0 17.8 12.5 75 2.5 CALM 0 - 0 - - 0.0 - - - - -
Maryborough 27/09:00am 20.4 18.4 6.1 39 7.2 N 6 - 3 - - 0.0 - - - - -
Puckapunyal-Lyon Hill (Defence) 28/06:30am 17.0 15.3 12.3 74 2.6 S 13 19 7 10 - 0.0 17.0
06:30am
17.3
06:02am
S 59
03:51am
32
03:51am
Puckapunyal West (Defence) 28/06:30am 17.4 14.7 10.3 63 3.8 S 15 22 8 12 - 0.0 15.9
05:05am
17.4
06:30am
S 52
03:26am
28
03:26am

WEST AND SOUTH GIPPSLAND

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
East Sale Airport 28/06:30am 17.8 17.1 14.3 80 2.0 NNW 11 15 6 8 1007.3 0.0 16.7
01:05am
19.0
06:05am
SW 41
04:21am
22
04:21am
Hogan Island 28/06:30am 15.6 13.1 13.6 88 1.1 NW 19 20 10 11 1005.4 0.0 14.7
04:19am
17.5
06:03am
SW 72
02:31am
39
02:31am
Latrobe Valley 28/06:30am 16.6 15.4 12.9 79 2.1 SSE 11 13 6 7 1006.4 0.0 16.5
05:21am
17.2
06:11am
SW 61
02:54am
33
02:54am
Mount Baw Baw 28/06:30am 18.7 15.6 3.7 37 7.7 NNW 9 19 - 10 - 0.2 11.1
03:27am
18.8
06:30am
WNW 57
12:19am
31
12:19am
Mount Moornapa 28/06:30am 17.8 16.8 12.3 70 3.1 NNE 9 15 5 8 - 0.0 17.4
05:32am
18.0
06:05am
NNW 43
02:37am
23
02:37am
Warragul (Nilma North) 28/06:30am 15.5 16.3 14.9 96 0.3 WSW 4 6 2 3 1007.5 0.0 15.3
06:10am
15.7
06:27am
W 37
03:00am
20
03:00am
Wilsons Promontory 28/06:30am 18.8 17.5 11.4 62 4.1 W 9 15 5 8 1004.6 0.2 15.8
03:52am
18.8
06:30am
WSW 72
01:40am
39
01:40am
Yanakie 28/06:30am 15.2 15.3 13.9 92 0.7 WNW 6 13 3 7 1006.2 0.0 14.9
05:01am
15.4
06:27am
SW 57
01:46am
31
01:46am
Yarram Airport 28/06:30am 14.9 14.6 13.3 90 0.9 N 7 9 4 5 1005.7 0.0 13.5
05:47am
14.9
06:30am
SW 65
02:17am
35
02:17am

EAST GIPPSLAND

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
Bairnsdale 28/06:30am 18.4 19.9 14.7 79 2.2 CALM 0 0 0 0 1007.6 0.0 18.1
06:20am
18.6
06:29am
SSW 50
04:05am
27
04:05am
Combienbar 28/06:30am 22.1 21.0 10.6 48 6.5 WSW 7 13 4 7 1009.2 0.0 22.0
06:30am
24.9
06:07am
W 46
04:02am
25
04:02am
Gabo Island 28/06:30am 19.4 19.4 16.2 82 1.9 SSW 11 22 6 12 1006.8 0.0 18.3
04:27am
22.2
06:18am
NNE 43
12:04am
23
12:04am
Gelantipy 28/06:30am 17.4 15.7 11.2 67 3.5 S 11 17 6 9 1009.7 0.0 17.4
06:30am
18.4
06:00am
N 39
02:34am
21
02:34am
Kingfish B 28/01:50am 20.9 16.8 16.0 73 2.9 NNE 32 35 17 19 - - - - - - -
Mallacoota 28/06:30am 20.6 20.8 14.7 69 3.5 WSW 7 22 4 12 1006.6 0.0 19.9
06:23am
22.2
06:02am
SSW 41
05:00am
22
05:00am
Mount Nowa Nowa 28/06:30am 17.3 16.2 11.8 70 3.1 NNW 9 15 5 8 - 0.0 17.1
06:23am
17.4
06:15am
WSW 46
04:36am
25
04:36am
Omeo 28/06:30am 17.8 16.6 11.6 67 3.5 SE 9 11 5 6 1008.9 0.0 17.0
03:48am
18.9
06:02am
N 24
04:49am
13
04:49am
Orbost 28/06:30am 19.5 19.9 14.7 74 2.8 NNW 6 11 3 6 1008.2 0.2 19.1
06:23am
19.7
06:04am
W 33
05:11am
18
05:11am

PORTABLE

  Date/Time
EDT
Temp
°C
App
Temp
°C
Dew
Point
°C
Rel
Hum
%
Delta-T
°C
Wind Press
MSL
hPa
Rain since
9am
mm
Low
Temp
°C

time
High
Temp
°C

time
Highest Wind Gust
Dir  Spd
km/h
Gust
km/h
Spd
kts
Gust
kts
 Dir  km/h
time
kts
time
PORTABLE VPHA (DELWP) 28/06:30am 17.6 18.1 14.1 80 2.0 N 4 15 2 8 - 0.2 - - - - -
PORTABLE VPHB (DELWP) 28/06:30am 17.5 18.1 14.2 81 2.0 N 4 19 2 10 - 0.2 - - - - -
PORTABLE VPHC (DELWP) 28/06:30am 17.5 17.6 14.0 80 2.0 NNW 6 15 3 8 - 0.2 - - - - -
PORTABLE VPHD (DELWP) 28/06:00am 17.1 17.2 14.0 82 1.8 S 6 15 3 8 - 0.2 - - - - -
PORTABLE VPHE (DELWP) 28/06:30am 17.5 18.5 14.2 81 1.9 N 2 15 1 8 - 0.0 - - - - -
PORTABLE VPHF (DELWP) 28/06:30am 17.5 18.5 14.2 81 1.9 NW 2 13 1 7 - 0.0 - - - - -

Weather station information

  • Kingfish B weather observations are provided by ExxonMobil.
  • Portable automatic weather stations (PAWS) are operated by other organisations, such as Fire and Emergency Services, and are included here by agreement. Portable stations may be deployed to a location for a short period and their location may be subject to change without notice. Wind observations from these stations are provided from heights of either three (3) or ten (10) metres above ground level (AGL).

Data quality

These observations have been taken from the Bureau of Meteorology's real-time system. Most are generated automatically, with only limited quality checks performed. It is possible for incorrect values to appear. Further information can be found at About Latest Weather Observations. Please check the disclaimer before using these data.