Wednesday, 3 January 2007 - Annual Climate Summary for Queensland - Product code IDCKGC34R0

Queensland Annual Climate Summary 2006

Summary

2006 was wetter and cooler than average over northern Queensland while it was a dry and warm year for central and southeast Queensland and the southern interior.  Brisbane airport recorded its third driest year since records began in 1950. 

Details

Rainfall: While the northern tropics received above average rainfall during 2006, it was a dry year for central and southeast Queensland and the southern interior, with some places recording their driest year on record, as shown in the maps of total rainfall and rainfall deciles. This follows an extended dry period which has affected much of southern and central Queensland over the last 5 to 10 years. Places which recorded their lowest annual rainfall total on record include Chinchilla with 174 mm (average 669 mm, previous record 303 mm in 1922, 117 years of record) and Woodlands with 199.5 mm (average 509 mm, previous record 208 mm in 1915, 101 years of record). A full listing of new rainfall records appears below. 

In the northern tropics, the monsoon brought record rainfall to parts of the tropics during January, March and April with further rain during May and unseasonal rain in early spring. Major contributions to the rainfall came from the passage of two severe Tropical Cyclones,  Larry which crossed the coast near Innisfail in March and Monica which crossed the coast south of Lockhart River in April.

The highest rainfall in state was recorded at Bellenden Ker Top station with 9850 mm (average 7751 mm). This was also the highest recorded rainfall total in Austalia during 2006. Other places among those with the highest recorded totals for the year include Cape Tribulation store with 5944 mm (average 3961 mm) and Daintree Tree with 5745 mm (average 3772 mm) and Babinda with 5646 mm (average 4199).  

Temperatures: Temperatures were generally cooler than average in the northern tropics, and warmer elsewhere as shown in the map of maximum temperature anomalies and map of minimum temperature anomalies.

The highest temperature recorded in the state was 48.5°C at Birdsville Airport on 30th November (long-term record 49.5°C). This was also the highest temperature recorded nationally during 2006.

The lowest temperature recorded in the state was −8.9 at Stanthorpe on 10th July (long term record −10.6°C).

During a hot spell during late November and early December, a number of places recorded new record annual maximum temperatures. These include Winton with 46.8°C (previous record 45.6°C, 49 years of record), Palmerville with 43.2°C (previous record 42.7°C, 48 years of record) and Barcaldine with 45.1 (previous 44.9°C, 45 years of record). See the listing of new temperature records below.

Further information

Queenslnad Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (07) 3239 8700
Email climate.qld@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
48.5°C at Birdsville Airport on 30 Nov

Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
33.3°C at Toorak Research Station

Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
21.8°C at Applethorpe

Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
9.1°C at Applethorpe on 11 Jun

Coldest night
Lowest temperature
−8.9°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on 10 Jul

Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
8.2°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade

Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
24.7°C at Coconut Island

Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
34.4°C at Boulia Airport on 5 Jan

Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
9850 mm at Bellenden Ker Top station 

Wettest day
Highest daily rainfall
435.5 mm at Gereta Station on 22 Mar


Records

Record highest total annual rainfall
Total rainfall
for 2006 (mm)
Previous annual
highest
Normal
annual
Years of
record
Mornington Island 2171.4 2161.0 in 1939 1191.4 77
Hazelmere 2576.8 2455.7 in 1979 1684.3 33



Record lowest total annual rainfall
District Total rainfall
for 2006 (mm)
Previous annual
lowest
Normal
annual
Years of
record
Woodlands Warrego 199.5 208.4 in 1915 509.0 101
Hannaford Post Office West Darling Downs 259.6 289.2 in 1957 588.9 70
Drillham Post Office West Darling Downs 261.6 275.7 in 1965 609.8 69
Chinchilla Zeller Street East Darling Downs 174.0 302.9 in 1922 668.6 117
Condamine West Darling Downs 343.0 345.8 in 1980 621.0 67
Lanark Moreton 273.9 339.7 in 1951 655.6 63
Barakula Forest Stn West Darling Downs 270.1 384.3 in 1957 666.3 58
Glenwood Port Curtis 321.8 386.4 in 1994 662.0 46
Waronga East Darling Downs 313.8 402.4 in 1977 645.1 35
Tipton Bridge East Darling Downs 405.2 409.0 in 2005 660.1 34
Dunmore State Forest East Darling Downs 317.8 441.6 in 1941 711.8 65



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for 2006 (°C)
Previous annual
highest
Normal
annual
Years of
record
Brian Pastures 29.5 29.4 in 2005 28.1 31




Record highest annual temperature
Highest temperature
in 2006 (°C)
Previous annual
highest
Normal
annual
Years of
record
Winton Post Office 46.8 on 1 Dec 45.6 on 4 Jan 1994 32.1 49
Palmerville 43.2 on 5 Dec 42.7 on 16 Nov 1971 32.8 48
Barcaldine Post Office 45.1 on 30 Nov 44.9 on 6 Nov 1965 30.1 45



Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for 2006 (°C)
Previous annual
highest
Normal
annual
Years of
record
Isisford Post Office 17.6 17.1 in 1998 15.5 75



Summaries

 In the following table, certain key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to identify.

Summary statistics for 2006
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2006
Diff
from
normal
Highest
for
2006
Mean
for
2006
Diff
from
normal
Lowest
for
2006
Total
for
2006
Normal
annual
total
Rank
of
2006
Fraction
of annual
normal
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 31.2 35.5 31 Dec 24.7 20.9 9 Aug 2124.4
Coen Airport 30.9 40.7 16 Nov 20.9 11.8 5 Aug
Horn Island 30.0 33.5 27 Dec 24.4 20.0 28 Jul 2152.0
Scherger RAAF 32.5 38.9 17 Nov 21.5 13.7 6 Aug 1067.4
Weipa Aero 32.4 37.9 28 Dec 21.6 13.5 7 Aug 1543.6
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 29.7 −0.1 36.6 16 Nov 22.4 +0.5 11.0 7 Aug 2779.4 2083.2 high 133%
Musgrave 31.9 −0.4 40.2 10 Nov 18.7 0 8.0 7 Aug 1614.7 1170.2 high 138%
Palmerville 32.4 −0.4 43.2 5 Dec 19.1 +0.2 8.2 6 Aug 1117.6 1027.5 normal 109%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 32.6 42.4 15 Nov 20.6 8.9 4 Jun 655.6
Burketown Post Office 31.3 −0.8 40.0 3 Dec 20.6 +0.6 7.5 13 Jun 1301.4 766.0 very high 170%
Century Mine 33.2 44.2 1 Dec 19.4 6.9 26 Jul
Cloncurry Airport 32.8 46.9 1 Dec 18.6 5.0 17 Jul 574.6
Croydon Township 32.6 −1.3 40.9 30 Nov 20.7 +0.4 6.0 29 May 1155.2 730.2 very high 158%
Kowanyama Airport 32.7 −0.6 40.1 16 Nov 20.7 −0.2 7.8 7 Aug
Mornington Island 30.4 38.8 15 Nov 22.0 −0.2 10.8 7 Aug 2171.4 1191.4 highest 182%
Mount Isa Aero 31.7 −0.1 45.1 1 Dec 17.1 −0.2 2.9 12 Aug 545.8 453.6 high 120%
Normanton Airport 33.1 41.8 29 Oct 21.5 10.6 10 Aug 725.8
Sweers Island 29.7 37.0 4 Dec 22.9 13.5 17 Aug 1922.7
Toorak Research Station 33.3 46.5 1 Dec 16.5 2.5 4 Jun 470.8 437.3 normal 108%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 32.1 41.2 1 Dec 19.1 3.2 10 Aug 841.4
Georgetown Post Office 33.2 +0.6 41.5 1 Dec 18.7 +0.3 3.0 6 Aug 922.6 820.1 normal 112%
Hughenden Airport 31.8 43.9 1 Dec 18.1 2.2 6 Jun 409.8
Richmond Airport 33.0 45.0 1 Dec 17.3 2.1 6 Jun 560.6
Richmond Post Office 32.7 −0.1 44.8 1 Dec 17.8 +1.2 4.0 2 Jun 609.9 474.1 high 129%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Atherton Shire Council 25.0 35.5 15 Nov 15.6 2.3 7 Aug 1500.7
Cairns Aero 28.9 0 35.3 16 Nov 21.1 +0.3 10.1 5 Aug 2289.0 1991.7 normal 115%
Cape Flattery 29.3 35.2 16 Nov 23.1 15.2 7 Aug 2276.2
Cooktown Airport 28.8 37.6 15 Nov 21.8 8.8 7 Aug 2274.8
Green Island 27.3 34.4 6 Jan 23.0 17.3 10 Sep
Kairi Research Station 25.1 −0.2 37.4 15 Nov 15.9 +0.3 3.2 7 Aug 1472.9 1270.0 high 116%
Low Isles Lighthouse 29.2 −0.2 35.7 7 Feb 23.2 −0.2 18.3 9 Aug 2791.5 2095.0 high 133%
Mareeba Airport 28.0 38.5 15 Nov 17.8 7.4 5 Aug 828.0
Walkamin DPI 26.7 −0.6 37.2 15 Nov 17.2 +0.1 5.8 6 Aug 922.3 1013.1 normal 91%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 28.0 −0.7 34.9 5 Feb 19.9 +1.1 7.5 6 Aug
Ingham Composite 28.7 −0.4 36.3 8 Jan 19.0 −0.1 8.5 4 Jun 2401.6 2067.4 high 116%
Innisfail 27.7 −0.2 33.7 16 Nov 20.7 +1.5 11.9 6 Aug 3934.5 3558.9 high 111%
Lucinda Point 26.6 33.8 6 Feb 22.3 14.7 6 Aug 1002.4
South Johnstone Exp Stn 28.0 −0.1 35.0 7 Feb 19.9 +0.8 9.0 6 Aug
Townsville Aero 29.0 +0.1 36.4 16 Nov 19.9 +0.2 7.9 11 Aug 993.2 1111.4 normal 89%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 27.7 33.7 16 Nov 20.2 8.4 4 Jun 1000.8
Ayr DPI Research Stn 29.0 −0.2 37.6 16 Nov 18.4 +0.4 6.0 5 Jul 902.6 948.9 normal 95%
Bowen Airport 28.4 35.0 16 Nov 19.8 6.5 5 Jul
Collinsville Post Office 30.3 +0.1 41.4 7 Jan 16.8 +0.3 3.1 5 Jul 553.6 706.0 low 78%
Hamilton Island Airport 26.1 33.7 5 Jan 21.5 13.8 18 Jul 1196.0
Mackay Aero 27.4 35.8 7 Jan 18.1 5.5 11 Aug 1139.4
Mackay M.O 26.5 +0.1 35.7 7 Jan 19.5 +0.5 8.9 11 Aug 1248.4 1569.1 low 80%
Proserpine Airport 28.3 38.4 7 Jan 17.9 4.2 11 Aug 814.0 1353.3 very low 60%
Samuel Hill Aero 26.9 35.7 7 Jan 15.8 2.2 26 May 1265.4
St Lawrence 28.4 35.9 7 Feb 17.6 5.7 4 Jun 541.8
St Lawrence Post Office 28.7 +0.3 36.0 7 Feb 18.1 +0.7 6.8 26 May 745.7 1015.6 low 73%
Te Kowai Exp Stn 27.8 0 37.0 8 Jan 17.0 +0.4 4.0 11 Aug 1340.8 1668.3 normal 80%
Williamson 28.4 35.5 4 Feb 17.0 3.2 4 Jun 662.4
Woolshed 25.1 33.7 16 Nov 16.4 2.8 5 Jul 1386.8
Yeppoon The Esplanade 25.9 33.5 7 Jan 18.9 4.9 26 May 974.6
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 29.9 41.0 30 Nov 17.4 5.8 5 Jun 459.3
Moranbah Water Treatment Plant 30.0 42.7 30 Nov 17.1 5.0 5 Jul
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Water Treatment Plant 30.2 42.0 7 Jan 16.1 3.0 26 May 315.3
Brigalow Research Stn 29.8 +1.3 41.1 4 Feb 14.3 0 −0.4 25 May 374.0 700.7 very low 53%
Clermont Sirius St 30.1 +0.5 44.0 30 Nov 15.6 +0.6 0.8 10 Aug 451.2 663.3 low 68%
Emerald Airport 30.0 42.9 30 Nov 16.6 4.7 31 May 442.2
Rolleston Meteor St 29.7 41.5 5 Feb 14.2 −1.0 25 May 568.0 642.8 normal 88%
Springsure Dame St 29.1 +0.1 43.0 30 Nov 15.7 +1.3 2.1 5 Aug 561.2 678.3 normal 83%
Tambo Post Office 30.0 +0.9 43.0 6 Jan 14.2 +1.6 −1.7 25 May 350.4 526.6 low 67%
Taroom Post Office 29.9 +1.7 41.5 29 Nov 14.2 +0.7 −1.2 5 Jun 357.4 668.9 very low 53%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 30.5 +0.4 45.1 30 Nov 17.6 +1.4 3.4 4 Jun 418.1 495.6 normal 84%
Blackall Airport 30.6 44.9 30 Nov 16.1 −0.1 10 Aug 428.8
Isisford Post Office 31.8 +1.0 46.0 30 Nov 17.6 +2.2 3.5 25 May 323.5 450.8 normal 72%
Longreach Aero 31.9 +0.5 45.9 6 Jan 16.6 +0.8 1.0 4 Jul 376.6 452.3 normal 83%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 32.8 −0.1 45.9 1 Dec 17.7 +0.1 1.4 13 Jun 613.4 392.0 very high 156%
The Monument Airport 32.2 46.5 1 Dec 17.3 2.0 13 Jun 301.2
Trepell Airport 32.7 46.0 1 Dec 17.5 2.6 13 Jun 292.2
Urandangi 33.0 +0.6 45.5 1 Dec 17.3 +0.9 1.1 2 Jul 358.4 298.1 normal 120%
Winton Airport 32.5 46.9 1 Dec 17.1 3.3 9 Jul 342.8
Winton Post Office 32.7 +0.6 46.8 1 Dec 18.0 +1.4 4.1 9 Jul 361.4 405.3 normal 89%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie Police Station 33.0 46.7 30 Nov 17.3 3.7 25 May 67.6 180.9 very low 37%
Birdsville Airport 32.0 48.5 30 Nov 17.1 2.1 25 May 58.4
Boulia Airport 32.9 +1.1 46.4 30 Nov 18.7 +2.0 4.1 2 Jul 95.3 265.2 very low 36%
Windorah Post Office 32.0 +1.5 46.8 1 Dec 17.2 +1.4 1.5 25 May 229.8 286.7 normal 80%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Baralaba Post Office 30.5 +0.7 41.8 7 Jan 15.6 +0.5 1.1 26 May 439.7 711.0 very low 62%
Bundaberg Aero 27.1 +0.5 33.5 14 Feb 16.7 +0.4 5.7 25 May 878.0 1008.9 normal 87%
Gayndah Airport 29.3 40.3 4 Feb 14.6 0.6 25 May 300.8
Gayndah Post Office 29.3 +1.1 39.9 4 Feb 14.8 +1.2 0.9 25 May 353.7 761.9 very low 46%
Gladstone Airport 27.4 34.9 5 Jan 18.0 6.7 25 May 727.0
Gladstone Radar 28.8 +1.2 36.4 5 Jan 18.9 +0.4 9.5 12 Jun 663.4 880.9 low 75%
Heron Island Res Stn 26.8 33.1 2 Jan 21.2 13.4 26 May 929.6 1050.6 normal 88%
Lady Elliot Island 26.3 +0.7 32.7 14 Feb 20.9 +0.2 11.2 3 Aug 657.3 1149.2 very low 57%
Monto Township 28.4 +1.2 39.4 6 Jan 13.4 +0.6 −1.1 25 May 496.3 732.4 low 68%
Rockhampton Aero 28.8 +0.4 40.0 7 Jan 17.3 +0.7 3.7 26 May 588.0 797.3 low 74%
Rundle Island 24.8 31.2 18 Feb 20.9 12.5 12 Jun
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 26.3 +0.5 32.9 14 Feb 19.0 +0.2 10.4 17 Jul 1271.0 1268.0 normal 100%
Thangool Airport 29.9 41.0 4 Feb 13.4 −1.0 25 May 436.5 666.3 very low 66%
Town of 1770 25.9 31.5 14 Feb 18.9 10.0 12 Jun 1187.7
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 27.6 +0.9 40.5 29 Nov 12.4 −0.7 −3.1 31 May 476.3 850.5 very low 56%
Archerfield Airport 26.7 +0.5 36.2 28 Oct 14.3 0 1.1 31 May 685.2 1063.1 low 64%
Baroon Pocket Dam 25.4 36.5 29 Nov 13.9 3.0 1 Jun 1221.7
Beerburrum Forest Station 26.6 38.6 29 Nov 14.3 4.6 1 Jun 908.0 1393.3 low 65%
Brian Pastures 29.5 +1.4 39.8 6 Jan 14.7 +0.4 −0.3 25 May 327.6 695.9 very low 47%
Brisbane* 26.3 +0.8 34.8 2 Jan 16.2 +0.5 5.0 31 May 795.6 1149 very low 69%
Brisbane Aero* 25.5 +0.1 32.2 4 Apr 15.5 +0.2 3.0 31 May 613.0 1191 very low 51%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 24.2 +1.0 31.4 14 Feb 18.9 +0.9 11.0 17 Jul 692.8 1519.8 very low 46%
Coolangatta 24.8 32.7 2 Jan 16.0 3.2 1 Jun 1740.2
Double Island Point Lighthouse 25.3 +1.2 32.6 5 Jan 19.3 +0.7 10.3 17 Jul 800.2 1393.6 very low 57%
Gold Coast Seaway 26.3 35.0 24 Jan 16.7 6.6 18 Jul 1072.8
Gympie 27.4 +0.2 38.6 29 Nov 12.9 −0.6 −0.9 25 May 644.4 1125.0 very low 57%
Hervey Bay Airport 26.6 34.5 20 Feb 16.9 5.0 25 May 1000.8
Hinze Dam 25.4 37.9 3 Jan 15.8 6.7 1 Jun
Jimna Forestry 24.3 37.0 29 Nov 11.6 −1.9 1 Jun 403.2
Kingaroy Airport 26.5 37.8 29 Nov 11.3 −2.4 2 Jul 387.4
Logan City Water Treatment 25.8 35.5 29 Nov 14.9 3.6 1 Jun 921.4
Maleny Tamarind St 23.3 34.2 29 Nov 14.1 4.8 5 Aug 1381.3 1972.6 low 70%
Maroochydore Aero 25.2 33.5 4 Apr 15.5 3.7 25 May 1345.8
Maryborough 27.1 +0.2 34.2 5 Jan 15.8 +0.5 2.6 25 May 802.4 1143.7 low 70%
Nambour DPI 25.9 +0.2 37.7 29 Nov 14.4 +0.4 2.5 1 Jun 1324.2 1709.1 low 77%
Point Lookout 25.1 31.8 21 Feb 18.8 10.7 17 Jul 1503.0
Rainbow Beach 25.2 33.2 6 Jan 16.8 4.5 3 Jun 1167.1
Redcliffe 25.3 33.6 4 Apr 16.6 6.8 1 Jun 655.6
Redlands HRS 25.6 +0.4 36.6 22 Nov 14.6 +0.2 2.7 1 Jun 990.1 1295.7 low 76%
Tewantin RSL Park 25.0 33.3 4 Apr 16.7 6.4 1 Jun 1399.4
Toolara 27.0 38.5 29 Nov 16.4 7.9 18 Jul 651.2
University of Queensland Gatton 27.9 +1.1 41.8 29 Nov 12.8 −0.3 −0.2 31 May 576.2 773.9 low 74%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 21.8 +1.2 36.0 4 Feb 8.6 −0.3 −6.6 9 Jul 622.8 764.0 low 82%
Dalby Airport 28.0 40.5 3 Jan 12.1 −3.4 17 Jun 423.4
Goondiwindi Airport 28.1 42.6 29 Nov 13.0 −2.6 9 Jul 321.5
Inglewood Forest 27.4 41.6 3 Jan 12.4 0.3 26 Jun 255.8
Oakey Aero 26.4 +1.1 39.8 29 Nov 11.1 +0.4 −5.8 9 Jul 548.0 634.2 low 86%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 22.6 +1.0 36.8 3 Jan 8.2 −0.6 −8.9 10 Jul 511.9 766.0 very low 67%
Texas Post Office 27.6 +0.7 41.8 3 Jan 12.0 +0.7 −2.5 9 Jul 616.8 655.4 normal 94%
Toowoomba Airport 23.7 37.5 3 Jan 12.6 2.5 17 Jun 530.8
Warwick 25.1 38.5 4 Feb 9.9 −6.4 10 Jul 570.0
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 28.3 42.8 6 Jan 12.8 −4.8 9 Jul 347.8
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 28.4 +1.0 42.3 6 Jan 12.8 +1.0 −4.3 9 Jul 405.0 630.2 very low 64%
Mitchell Post Office 29.2 +1.8 42.9 3 Jan 12.8 +1.1 −4.0 25 May 337.9 565.4 very low 60%
Roma Airport 28.5 43.5 6 Jan 13.8 −3.7 9 Jul 264.1
St George Airport 28.9 43.8 29 Nov 14.2 −2.2 9 Jul 201.2
Surat 28.7 +0.9 43.9 29 Nov 13.8 +0.9 −3.9 17 Jun 368.7 576.5 low 64%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 29.5 +1.6 44.0 29 Nov 14.6 +1.4 −0.1 9 Jul 270.7 460.2 low 59%
Charleville Aero 29.5 +1.5 43.4 6 Feb 14.9 +1.4 −2.1 25 May 373.4 483.7 normal 77%
Cunnamulla Post Office 29.6 +1.6 45.0 4 Feb 15.7 +1.6 1.4 26 May 250.4 371.5 low 67%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 31.0 46.8 30 Nov 17.3 1.9 12 Jun 58.0
Quilpie Airport 30.9 +1.7 45.5 5 Feb 16.7 +1.3 1.0 25 May 198.7 342.3 low 58%
Thargomindah Airport 30.2 46.0 2 Feb 17.0 1.0 25 May 144.5

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Wednesday 3 January 2007. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Normals are long-term averages based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably. *In this case, normals from a suitable nearby site may be included, if available (these are marked with an *).

The Rank indicates about where rainfall this time ranks in the climate record for the site.

Further information

Queensland Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (07) 3239 8700
Email climate.qld@bom.gov.au