Wednesday, 1 October 2008 - Monthly Climate Summary for Queensland - Product code IDCKGC24L0

A wet and warm September 2008


Most of the state received average rainfall for September. Parts of the central and western districts were very much above the average, with some places getting their highest monthly rainfall on record. 

Area averaged across the state, and based on figures since 1950:
- Maximum (daytime) temperatures were warmer than the long term average, and
- Minimum (overnight) temperatures were the 5th warmest on record. 

Rainfall

The first week of September received the bulk of the rainfall for the month, with many places reaching or exceeding their long term average within a few days.

Moderate falls were recorded over the central interior around the 3th and 4th, with the rain band moving into the south east of the state in the following days. This also brought moderate to heavy falls to the southeast corner.

A range of sites had their highest September daily rainfall on record.  Other sites had their highest total September rainfall on record.

The wettest overall was 320.0  mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station, with the wettest single day of 131.0 mm recorded at Glengaven on the 5th.

See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Brisbane received 55.6 mm of rainfall, where the long term average for September is 45.7 mm.

Temperature

Maximum temperatures were mostly within average or slightly above over most of the state, with the far west and far north Peninsula recording about 2°C above the usual September maximum. Area averaged across the state the daytime temperatures were warmer than the long term maximum. 

The hottest day was 39.2°C at Boulia Airport on the 20th. In contrast, some sites had their coldest September day (lowest maximum temperature) on record.

See a map of mean maximum temperatures. See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.

Minimum temperatures were mostly above average for the month, with some areas across the central interior and southern districts about 3 - 4°C above the long term averages. Area averaged across the state the overnight temperatures were the 5th warmest on record.

Some sites had their warmest September night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record. Also some sites had their highest September mean daily minimum temperature on record.

See a map of mean minimum temperatures. See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Brisbane recorded a mean maximum temperature of 24.6°C (+0.6 °C above the long term average) and a mean minimum temperature of 14.5°C (+1.6°C above the long term average).

Further information

Queensland Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (07) 3239 8700
Email climate.qld@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
39.2°C at Boulia Airport on the 20th
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
35.5°C at Kowanyama Airport
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
20.2°C at Applethorpe
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
11.9°C at Applethorpe on the 6th
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
−0.1°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 9th
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
7.5°C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
24.7°C at Horn Island
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
26.1°C at Birdsville Airport on the 22nd
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
320.0 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station
Wettest day
Highest daily rainfall
131.0 mm at Glengaven on the 5th
Highest wind gust
100 km/h at Ballera Gas Field on the 12th

Records

Record highest September daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in September 2008 (mm)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Cooroy Composite 106.8 on the 5th 84.3 on the 14th in 1918 115
Eumundi - Crescent Rd 97.4 on the 5th 80.8 on the 14th in 1918 101
Gillespie 47.0 on the 4th 34.0 on the 29th in 1996 99
Gilberton 58.2 on the 25th 39.9 on the 26th in 1947 91
Ulcanbah 54.8 on the 4th 41.4 on the 14th in 1973 65
Wharton Creek Station 35.0 on the 4th 34.0 on the 22nd in 1962 62
Longreach Aero 45.0 on the 3rd 29.6 on the 11th in 2005 55
Bogarella 54.0 on the 4th 45.2 on the 23rd in 1973 49
Gue 16.6 on the 4th 10.0 on the 11th in 2005 49
Caltex Refineries (QLD) Ltd 62.0 on the 6th 55.0 on the 11th in 1998 45
Trinidad 45.8 on the 4th 22.4 on the 14th in 1970 39
Namarah 54.8 on the 5th 43.0 on the 3rd in 1995 38
Strathpine Colonial Drive 79.0 on the 5th 62.0 on the 11th in 1998 33
Greenbank Thompson Road 37.2 on the 5th 36.2 on the 25th in 1998 30
Albro Station 50.0 on the 4th 47.0 on the 8th in 1978 27
Lochinvar 52.0 on the 4th 35.0 on the 2nd in 1997 27



Record highest total September rainfall
Total rainfall
for September 2008 (mm)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Gilberton 63.4 50.8 in 1943 91 5.7
Longreach Aero 69.4 60.3 in 1973 55 10.1
Trinidad 65.8 53.3 in 1971 39 12.2
Wallen 56.0 50.2 in 1998 34 15.2
Roma Airport 89.6 73.0 in 1986 24 22.0
Green Hills 6.6 4.0 in 2006 23 0.9




Record lowest September daily maximum temperature
Lowest daily maximum
temperature
in September 2008 (°C)
Previous lowest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Surat 13.4 on the 4th 14.2 on the 1st in 1992 43 25.2



Record highest September daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in September 2008 (°C)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Kairi Research Station 19.6 on the 8th = 19.6 on the 24th in 1975 42 12.4



Record highest September mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for September 2008 (°C)
Previous highest
for September
Years of
record
Normal for
September
Texas Post Office 10.6 = 10.6 in 1998 40 7.5
Monto Township 12.0 11.9 in 1975 36 9.2


Summaries

In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.

Summary statistics for September 2008
Maximum temperatures
for September
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for September
(°C)
Rainfall
for September
(millimetres)
Mean for
September
2008
Diff
from
normal
Highest for
September
2008
Mean for
September
2008
Diff
from
normal
Lowest for
September
2008
Total for
September
2008
Normal
for
September
Rank of
September
2008
Fraction of
September
normal
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 31.4 +3.7 33.1 25th 24.6 +2.6 23.9 4th 5.0 5.6 average 89%
Coen Airport 31.8   34.4 29th 20.5   17.5 5th 0.6
Horn Island 30.6 +2.8 31.6 12th 24.7 +2.8 23.6 5th 1.8 2.7 average 67%
Scherger RAAF 35.4   36.9 18th 20.5   17.5 4th 38.2
Weipa Aero 35.4 +3.3 36.9 17th 21.1 +2.9 18.0 4th 2.4 1.8 high 133%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Musgrave 34.8 +2.7 36.5 23rd 16.9 +1.8 13.6 3rd 14.0 3.2 very high 438%
Palmerville 34.4 +1.2 37.2 16th 17.5 +1.2 14.1 14th 25.4 7.9 very high 322%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 33.5   37.5 16th 19.7   16.2 11th 0
Burketown Post Office 32.2 +0.6 36.9 16th 20.1 +2.6 16.5 11th 0 1.9 lowest 0%
Cloncurry Airport 33.2 +2.3 38.6 29th 17.4 +2.0 10.7 5th 16.6 5.7 high 291%
Croydon Township 34.7 +0.9 37.7 16th 20.8 +1.9 16.5 7th 0 5.3 lowest 0%
Julia Creek Airport 33.9   39.0 29th 15.6   7.1 5th 3.0
Kowanyama Airport 35.5 +1.9 37.5 16th 20.0 +1.6 16.3 22nd 2.8 2.6 high 108%
Mornington Island 31.5 +2.1 35.6 30th 21.3 +1.4 18.0 6th 0.4 1.3 high 31%
Mount Isa Aero 31.9 +1.5 36.9 19th 15.2 +1.3 7.4 5th 5.4 6.7 high 81%
Normanton Airport 35.3   38.5 16th 20.9   18.6 29th 0
Sweers Island 29.9   32.4 23rd 22.0   18.9 8th 0.2 4.8 high 4%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 33.7   36.6 16th 17.8   14.8 18th 0.5
Hughenden Airport 32.3   35.8 29th 16.5   10.0 5th 7.6
Richmond Airport 33.4 +3.2 37.5 21st 15.5 +1.9 8.5 5th 2.4 1.2 high 200%
Richmond Post Office 32.9 +1.0 36.8 21st 16.1 +2.4 9.4 5th 2.9 6.3 average 46%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 28.9 +1.3 30.8 24th 20.4 +2.1 16.7 30th 39.8 33.9 average 117%
Cape Flattery 29.4   30.9 11th 22.8   19.0 30th 32.8
Cooktown Airport 29.4   31.0 7th 22.2 +4.0 16.9 5th 10.2
Green Island 26.2 +0.6 28.5 22nd 22.4 +2.3 20.7 26th
Kairi Research Station 25.4 +1.2 28.5 8th 14.7 +2.3 10.5 29th 31.2 18.6 high 168%
Low Isles Lighthouse 29.8 +2.0 32.1 24th 22.4 +1.2 21.0 27th 40.2 36.2 average 111%
Mareeba Airport 28.7   31.7 29th 17.0 +3.7 12.8 30th 11.2
Walkamin DPI 27.2 +0.8 30.4 23rd 16.1 +1.8 13.4 29th 28.9 8.6 very high 336%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 27.2 −0.1 29.6 24th 18.7 +2.7 15.5 30th 29.3 38.2 average 77%
Ingham Composite 27.5 −0.1 30.7 29th 17.7 +2.2 15.6 3rd 68.4 39.6 high 173%
Innisfail 27.0 +0.6 29.6 24th 19.5 +2.9 17.9 14th 186.0 85.4 high 218%
Lucinda Point 25.1 +0.4 27.6 30th 21.2 +1.4 19.3 12th 44.6 23.8 high 187%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 27.0 +0.5 29.5 24th 18.8 +2.5 14.8 30th 123.2 85.7 high 144%
Townsville Aero 27.8 +0.6 30.0 29th 19.3 +2.3 14.8 27th 0.6 10.0 low 6%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 26.9 +2.1 29.1 5th 19.9 +2.9 15.8 29th 5.8 11.5 average 50%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 28.2 +0.8 30.6 6th 16.8 +2.2 14.3 27th 10.4 9.4 high 111%
Bowen Airport 27.5 +1.6 29.8 5th 17.8 +2.2 13.9 29th 12.7 7.5 average 169%
Collinsville Post Office 29.4 +0.4 33.0 29th 14.5 +1.3 11.8 27th 24.2 11.1 high 218%
Hamilton Island Airport 24.7   27.7 5th 20.0   18.0 9th 8.0
Mackay Aero 25.6 +1.2 29.1 5th 15.1 +1.3 11.5 7th 10.0 18.7 average 53%
Mackay M.O 24.9 +0.2 28.1 29th 16.9 +0.7 14.2 7th 11.0 16.5 average 67%
Proserpine Airport 27.8 +0.9 31.3 29th 15.6 +2.1 10.2 29th 18.6 21.3 average 87%
Samuel Hill Aero 25.9   30.2 29th 12.7   7.3 7th 39.0
St Lawrence 26.8   29.7 24th 15.2   10.7 10th 13.0
St Lawrence Post Office 27.2 +0.6 29.9 24th 15.9 +1.8 12.3 27th 9.7 26.4 average 37%
Williamson 26.8   29.7 29th 13.7   9.8 27th 14.4
Woolshed 25.0 +1.8 28.4 6th 15.9 +2.3 12.3 28th 36.4 16.9 high 215%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 23.5 +0.7 26.2 24th 15.9 +1.6 10.2 7th 31.8 33.4 average 95%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 29.3 +1.0 32.3 29th 16.2 +2.0 12.5 27th 10.8 10.2 average 106%
Moranbah Water Treatment Plant 29.5 +1.6 34.9 29th 14.7 +1.3 10.6 6th 6.4 8.1 average 79%
Central Highlands (district 35)
Brigalow Research Stn 27.2 +0.7 35.5 29th 13.8 +3.3 9.4 7th 51.0 33.2 high 154%
Clermont Sirius St 29.6 +1.2 35.0 29th 13.7 +1.8 7.5 6th 26.4 19.4 high 136%
Emerald Airport 27.8 +0.5 34.8 29th 14.3 +1.6 9.4 7th 55.6 26.0 high 214%
Rolleston 27.5 +0.4 34.8 29th 12.5 +2.6 7.9 10th 43.3 26.9 high 161%
Springsure Dame St 26.6 −0.5 34.8 29th 14.2 +3.3 6.6 6th 52.4 28.0 high 187%
Tambo Post Office 26.5 −0.5 34.3 29th 12.1 +3.3 5.3 7th 87.3 19.7 very high 443%
Taroom Post Office 26.8 +0.6 35.0 29th 13.0 +2.9 6.5 10th 38.2 31.0 average 123%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 28.4 +0.1 35.4 29th 15.6 +2.5 9.1 6th 76.7 15.1 very high 508%
Blackall Airport 27.4   35.7 29th 13.8   8.8 7th 61.6
Isisford Post Office 28.7 −0.2 37.0 29th 14.6 +2.7 9.4 7th 72.7 14.3 very high 508%
Longreach Aero 29.5 0.0 36.7 29th 14.6 +2.5 7.9 6th 69.4 10.1 highest 687%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 33.7 +1.7 38.6 20th 17.2 +2.2 8.8 6th 6.4 6.0 high 107%
The Monument Airport 31.1   38.1 19th 16.0   8.9 5th 14.6
Trepell Airport 31.3   37.2 29th 15.8   9.5 5th 16.4
Urandangi 32.1 +1.2 38.8 20th 15.0 +2.2 8.0 5th 14.4 6.3 high 229%
Winton Airport 30.9   37.8 29th 15.9   8.9 6th 50.6
Winton Post Office 30.9 +0.3 37.2 29th 16.5 +3.4 9.0 6th 34.3 8.8 very high 390%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 30.5   39.0 21st 14.3 +2.0 7.7 17th 2.0
Boulia Airport 31.7 +1.8 39.2 20th 15.9 +2.5 10.2 5th 11.8 6.9 high 171%
Windorah Post Office 29.3 +1.3 38.2 20th 14.8 +2.9 8.7 6th 10.0 10.3 high 97%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Baralaba Post Office 28.4 +0.7 34.8 29th 13.4 +2.0 7.9 9th 63.4 24.6 very high 258%
Bundaberg Aero 25.6 +1.2 31.9 29th 15.1 +1.9 11.8 9th 41.4 36.4 average 114%
Gayndah Airport 27.5   35.5 29th 12.5   6.3 7th 9.8
Gayndah Post Office 27.9 +1.3 36.1 29th 13.0 +2.9 6.8 9th 11.4 34.8 average 33%
Gladstone Airport 25.7 +1.5 30.5 29th 16.0 +1.5 12.2 7th 18.6 31.6 average 59%
Gladstone Radar 26.9 +1.0 30.3 24th 17.0 +1.0 13.3 6th 23.4 26.5 average 88%
Lady Elliot Island 24.2 +0.8 26.6 23rd 19.0 +0.5 12.6 8th 50.4 38.3 high 132%
Monto Township 26.5 +1.1 33.3 29th 12.0 +2.8 5.5 9th 54.9 23.7 very high 232%
Rockhampton Aero 27.6 +0.7 33.7 29th 15.1 +1.7 10.8 7th 31.8 23.1 high 138%
Rundle Island 23.2 +2.1 26.3 21st 19.0 +1.3 16.3 6th
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 24.6 +0.6 27.4 23rd 17.4 +0.7 13.6 7th 57.8 51.7 average 112%
Seventeen Seventy 24.2 +1.3 26.8 22nd 17.3 +1.1 13.5 7th 50.6 36.6 high 138%
Thangool Airport 27.7 +1.3 33.9 29th 12.3 +3.2 7.2 9th 50.0 24.0 high 208%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 26.1 +1.0 35.8 29th 11.7 +2.4 6.5 11th 79.8 33.1 very high 241%
Archerfield Airport 25.1 +0.8 34.5 29th 13.5 +3.0 9.5 10th 46.8 35.9 average 130%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 25.7   35.6 29th 11.9   5.6 7th 44.4
Beerburrum Forest Station 25.4 +1.9 35.7 29th 13.3 +2.6 8.7 8th 106.0 47.5 very high 223%
Brisbane* 24.5 +0.5 35.1 29th 14.5 +1.6 11.0 27th 55.6 45.7 average 122%
Brisbane Aero 23.5 +0.9 31.0 29th 14.3 +2.5 9.5 7th 60.6 35.8 high 169%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 22.4 +1.2 27.4 29th 17.2 +1.5 13.6 7th 18.4 65.8 low 28%
Coolangatta 23.3 +1.4 27.5 29th 14.9 +2.1 9.3 7th 109.8 42.4 high 259%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 23.7 +1.5 29.8 29th 17.2 +1.0 12.5 7th 57.6 50.7 average 114%
Gold Coast Seaway 24.4 +2.2 28.7 21st 15.5 +1.6 10.8 7th 74.8 45.7 high 164%
Gympie 25.9 +0.2 35.3 29th 12.4 +2.3 6.4 9th 42.2 46.0 average 92%
Hervey Bay Airport 24.4 +2.2 26.3 24th 15.0 +2.1 9.8 7th 22.4 35.8 average 63%
Hinze Dam     31.3 29th 14.6 +2.4 10.5 10th 75.4 44.1 high 171%
Jimna Forestry 22.7   31.8 29th 10.4 +2.4 3.8 8th 40.2
Kingaroy Airport 24.5   33.3 29th 10.0   2.9 8th 20.4
Logan City Water Treatment 24.8 +1.4 33.0 29th 14.3 +2.9 10.0 8th 107.1 47.2 high 227%
Maleny Tamarind St 22.5   32.4 29th 12.8   9.0 8th 141.0 64.9 high 217%
Maroochydore Aero 24.1 +1.7 31.0 29th 13.9 +1.8 7.9 7th 64.0 64.4 average 99%
Maryborough 25.9 +0.6 32.9 29th 13.2 +1.3 8.4 9th 28.8 42.9 average 67%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 25.1   35.7 29th       124.6
Point Lookout 23.7 +2.2 30.5 29th 16.1 +0.6 12.0 13th 61.4 65.0 average 94%
Rainbow Beach 23.7 +1.0 30.8 29th 14.8 +1.8 8.0 28th 53.8 63.4 average 85%
Redcliffe 23.4   30.2 29th 15.3   11.4 8th 83.4
Tewantin RSL Park 23.7 +1.4 33.1 29th 15.2 +1.9 10.9 7th 118.4 65.0 high 182%
Toolara 26.3 +1.9 35.1 29th 14.7 +1.4 10.1 7th 50.8 56.5 average 90%
University of Queensland Gatton 26.9 +1.7 36.6 29th 11.5 +2.2 5.0 11th 41.0 34.8 average 118%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 20.2 +1.9 27.8 29th 7.8 +2.2 0.8 9th 45.0 42.2 average 107%
Dalby Airport 25.1 +1.1 33.9 29th 10.5 +2.3 2.8 11th 51.0 30.5 high 167%
Goondiwindi Airport 24.6 +0.8 32.3 28th 11.2 +2.7 3.1 10th 71.5 27.3 high 262%
Inglewood Forest 24.5   32.1 20th 11.3 +1.7 4.7 11th 61.6
Oakey Aero 24.6 +1.5 33.9 29th 10.2 +3.4 2.9 11th 40.6 31.4 average 129%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 21.1 +2.0 28.6 20th 7.5 +2.5 −0.1 9th 48.0 51.8 average 93%
Texas Post Office 25.0 +1.3 32.2 29th 10.6 +3.2 2.5 10th 64.5 39.4 high 164%
Toowoomba Airport 22.0 +1.3 30.9 29th 11.1 +1.4 6.0 11th 31.8 36.2 average 88%
Warwick 23.5 +1.6 32.2 29th 9.0 +2.5 1.5 11th 48.2 33.2 high 145%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 25.6 +1.1 35.0 29th 11.7 +2.2 4.4 10th 59.0 24.3 high 243%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 25.3 −0.2 33.9 29th 11.4 +3.6 4.4 10th 86.0 25.4 very high 339%
Mitchell Post Office 26.6 +1.2 34.9 20th 10.2 +2.8 2.6 8th 58.2 26.2 high 222%
Roma Airport 25.3 +0.2 33.1 20th 11.0 +2.1 4.5 10th 89.6 22.0 highest 407%
St George Airport 25.0 +0.4 33.8 20th 11.1 +1.3 3.9 10th 79.6 24.5 very high 325%
Surat 25.5 +0.3 33.1 20th 11.5 +2.4 5.2 10th 76.6 28.8 very high 266%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 26.2 +0.9 34.5 22nd 11.2 +2.1 5.5 10th 70.6 24.3 very high 291%
Charleville Aero 26.2 +0.6 33.9 21st 12.0 +2.3 5.9 7th 87.4 23.3 very high 375%
Cunnamulla Post Office 26.0 +0.7 35.4 28th 12.5 +2.0 7.1 10th 54.6 18.2 very high 300%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 29.0   37.2 28th 14.1   8.5 1st 4.0
Quilpie Airport 27.2 +0.6 35.8 28th 13.3 +1.8 8.8 6th 41.2 13.8 high 299%
Thargomindah Airport 27.3 +2.0 36.6 28th 13.8 +1.9 7.9 18th 15.2 4.8 high 317%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Wednesday 1 October 2008. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Normals are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably. *In this case, normals from a nearby suitable site may be included to calculate statistics  (these are marked with an *).

The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average ("normal") rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, normal in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of normal shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Queensland Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (07) 3239 8700
Email climate.qld@bom.gov.au