Friday, 29 February 2008 - Seasonal Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0

South Australia in summer 2007−08
A warmer than average summer despite a cool finish.

Summary

  • Rainfall in South Australia was generally below average apart from being slightly above average in the west. This is in contrast to the well above average rainfall in the north of Australia and in the eastern states from an ongoing La Nina event.
  • Temperatures were above generally above average for Summer as a whole, despite a cool finish in February.

Rainfall

Summer rainfall over South Australia was mostly below average apart from the west of the state were it was slightly above average. This is in contrast to the well above average rainfall experienced in the north of Australia, and the eastern states and much of Western Australia. This is likely due to a persistently stronger than usual ridge of high pressure to the south of Australia, and Indian Ocean seas temperatures being cooler than normal for a La Nina event.
The Pastoral Districts reported totals that were generally above average in Northwest pastoral district but generally below average elsewhere.
In the Agricultural areas rainfall was above average in the Western Agricultural districts but below average elsewhere.
Rainfall totals in the Pastoral areas were generally 20 to 40 mm, with higher totals to 60 mm in the Northwest. Moonaree recorded 94 mm, the highest in the Pastoral districts.
Totals in the Agricultural areas were generally between 30 mm and 50 mm.
The highest rainfall for this Summer was 96 mm at Curramulka where the average Summer sees totals of 51 mm.

See a map of total rainfall.
See a map of rainfall deciles.
See a map of mean maximum temperatures.
See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.
See a map of mean minimum temperatures.
See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Temperatures

Maximum Temperatures.

Mean maximum temperatures over the pastoral districts of the state were generally up to 1°C warmer than normal and ranged from 32.0°C at both Yunta and Gluepot in the Northeast district to 37.6°C at Marree Comparison in the Far North district.
The highest recorded maximum temperature for this Summer was on the 10th January of 45.4°C at Port Augusta Aerodrome.
Mean maximum temperatures in the Agricultural districts ranged from 21.3°C at Cape Willoughby on Kangaroo Island to 33.6°C at Hawker in the Upper North district.

Minimum Temperatures.

Mean minimum temperatures over the whole state were generally up to 1°C above average.
In the pastoral districts they ranged from 14.7°C at Gluepot in the Northeast Pastoral district to 23.7°C at Moomba Airport in the Far North district. The lowest recorded minimum temperature for Spring 2007 in the pastoral areas was 6.3°C recorded at Gluepot on 29th February. The warmest recorded minimum temperature was 31.0°C at Arkaroola on the 11th January.
Over the agricultural districts mean minimum temperatures were also generally up to 1°C above average ranging from 10.5°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome in the Lower South East district to 18.7°C at Port Augusta in the Western Agricultural district.
The lowest recorded minimum temperature for Summer was 1.6°C at Keith on 29th February.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
45.4°C at Port Augusta Aero on 10 Jan 2008
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
37.5°C at Marree Comparison
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
21.2°C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
15.0°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower on 22 Dec 2007
15.0°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower on 20 Feb 2008
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
1.6°C at Keith (Munkora) on 29 Feb 2008
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
10.5°C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
23.7°C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
31.0°C at Arkaroola on 11 Jan 2008
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
96 mm at Curramulka
Highest wind gust
115 km/h at Coober Pedy Airport on 21 Dec 2007

Summaries

In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find.

Summary statistics for summer 2007−08
Maximum temperatures
for summer
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for summer
(°C)
Rainfall
for summer
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2007−08
Diff
from
normal
Highest for
summer
2007−08
Mean for
summer
2007−08
Diff
from
normal
Lowest for
summer
2007−08
Total for
summer
2007−08
Normal
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2007−08
Fraction of
summer
normal
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 35.5 0.0 43.5 10 Jan 2008 20.9 +0.4 12.4 23 Feb 2008 19.4 60.5 low 32%
Coober Pedy Airport 35.1   43.6 10 Jan 2008 20.8   13.3 23 Dec 2007 38.0
Nonning 32.4 0.0 43.0 1 Jan 2008 16.3 +0.2 9.7 23 Dec 2007 47.2 50.9 normal 93%
Roxby Downs 35.1   43.5 10 Jan 2008 20.0   14.2 11 Feb 2008 9.4
Tarcoola Aero 34.6   44.2 1 Jan 2008 17.8   9.6 10 Dec 2007 61.2
Woomera Aerodrome 33.9 +0.5 43.3 10 Jan 2008 19.2 +0.4 11.6 23 Dec 2007 58.6 48.5 high 121%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 35.1 +1.0 42.9 1 Jan 2008 20.1 +0.3 11.3 23 Dec 2007 29.0 69.4 low 42%
Marree Aero 36.9   44.5 2 Jan 2008 21.5   13.1 29 Feb 2008 31.6
Marree Comparison 37.5 +0.7 44.5 2 Jan 2008 21.4 +0.8 13.1 29 Feb 2008 34.7 54.4 normal 64%
Moomba Airport 37.3   43.3 22 Feb 2008 23.7   16.3 8 Feb 2008 14.6
Oodnadatta Airport 37.0 +0.1 44.2 30 Jan 2008 22.4 +0.3 14.0 29 Feb 2008 24.0 72.3 low 33%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 28.0 0.0 43.9 10 Jan 2008 14.9 +0.2 7.9 27 Feb 2008 44.2 45.0 normal 98%
Cleve 27.3 −0.2 42.5 10 Jan 2008 16.1 +1.0 9.5 10 Dec 2007 50.2 63.5 normal 79%
Cleve Aerodrome 27.7   42.7 10 Jan 2008 15.7   9.5 10 Dec 2007 43.6 53.9 normal 81%
Coulta 26.8   39.2 31 Dec 2007 14.4   7.5 5 Dec 2007 35.6
Cummins Aero 28.7   42.9 31 Dec 2007 14.7   5.7 10 Dec 2007 48.0
Elliston 25.5 +0.3 39.7 19 Feb 2008 15.1 −0.2 7.9 8 Dec 2007 22.9 39.6 normal 58%
Kimba 30.5 −0.1 42.2 10 Jan 2008 15.3 +0.1 7.2 10 Dec 2007 52.6 57.1 normal 92%
Kyancutta 32.2 +0.2 44.3 10 Jan 2008 14.3 +0.4 7.8 11 Dec 2007 73.8 50.1 high 147%
Minnipa DPI 30.9   43.2 10 Jan 2008 15.2   8.1 23 Dec 2007 73.4
Neptune Island 22.0 +0.4 33.2 31 Dec 2007 16.1 +0.3 10.2 22 Dec 2007 38.4 43.9 normal 87%
North Shields 25.6   43.0 31 Dec 2007 15.6   8.8 11 Dec 2007 49.8
Nullarbor 27.0 −0.3 43.4 31 Dec 2007 15.6 +0.5 8.3 7 Dec 2007 45.8 37.8 high 121%
Port Augusta Aero 33.1   45.4 10 Jan 2008 18.7   12.1 29 Feb 2008 25.2
Streaky Bay 28.5 0.0 42.6 31 Dec 2007 16.1 +0.5 10.4 8 Dec 2007 40.2 38.8 normal 104%
Whyalla Aero 29.1 −0.1 43.5 5 Jan 2008 17.3 +0.2 10.6 4 Dec 2007 31.6 55.1 normal 57%
Wudinna Aero 31.7   44.5 10 Jan 2008 14.9   6.8 11 Dec 2007 75.6
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 33.5 +0.4 42.6 10 Jan 2008 17.9 +0.7 9.3 23 Dec 2007 30.1 62.6 normal 48%
Yongala 30.3 +0.6 41.0 10 Jan 2008 13.9 +1.2 4.5 23 Dec 2007 31.0 66.8 low 46%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve 32.0   43.7 31 Dec 2007 14.7   6.3 29 Feb 2008 22.9
Yunta Airstrip 31.9   41.3 1 Jan 2008 15.0   7.3 23 Dec 2007 15.8
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 29.1   40.7 31 Dec 2007 14.1   6.4 11 Dec 2007 26.4
Port Pirie Aerodrome 31.8   42.8 10 Jan 2008 16.5   9.5 9 Feb 2008 27.6
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 31.9 +0.6 43.0 10 Jan 2008 18.0 +0.8 10.5 22 Dec 2007 28.7 58.8 normal 49%
Snowtown 31.3   42.9 31 Dec 2007 13.6   6.3 29 Feb 2008 28.6
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 24.4   41.5 31 Dec 2007 15.9   7.9 8 Dec 2007 40.8
Kadina AWS 30.6   43.1 31 Dec 2007 14.5   7.4 9 Feb 2008 28.8
Maitland 28.3 +0.4 41.8 31 Dec 2007 15.6 +0.6 9.0 10 Dec 2007 45.4 62.7 normal 72%
Minlaton Aero 28.4   41.8 31 Dec 2007 14.8   7.1 10 Dec 2007 35.6
Stenhouse Bay 24.4   41.3 10 Jan 2008 16.0   9.7 22 Dec 2007 46.8
Warooka 26.1 −0.5 40.5 31 Dec 2007 15.6 +0.6 9.4 23 Dec 2007 46.6 47.7 normal 98%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 23.8   35.0 30 Dec 2007 14.1   9.1 10 Dec 2007 51.0
Cape Willoughby 21.2 −0.1 41.0 31 Dec 2007 15.5 +0.1 10.9 22 Dec 2007 44.3 59.4 normal 75%
Kingscote Aero 26.4   43.0 31 Dec 2007 12.7   4.0 10 Dec 2007 44.8
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide 29.2 +0.9 42.2 31 Dec 2007 16.8 +0.2 10.2 23 Dec 2007 49.2 61.0 normal 81%
Adelaide Airport 27.8 +0.6 40.8 10 Jan 2008 15.8 +0.4 9.9 23 Dec 2007 49.4 60.6 normal 82%
Edinburgh RAAF 29.8 +0.7 42.7 31 Dec 2007 15.8 0.0 8.7 10 Dec 2007 33.6 58.7 low 57%
Parafield Airport 30.0 +1.3 42.7 31 Dec 2007 15.7 −0.2 8.8 23 Dec 2007 53.4 63.6 normal 84%
Roseworthy AWS 31.0   44.4 10 Jan 2008 13.5   4.0 9 Feb 2008 18.8
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 29.1   41.7 31 Dec 2007 13.7   5.5 10 Dec 2007 26.8
Rosedale 30.4 +0.8 43.3 10 Jan 2008 14.8 +0.1 5.7 8 Feb 2008 27.5 59.7 low 46%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 25.1   38.6 31 Dec 2007 13.0   7.7 29 Feb 2008 58.2
Mount Barker 27.8 +1.5 41.3 31 Dec 2007 11.2 −0.1 4.8 10 Dec 2007 81.0 86.0 normal 94%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 26.4   39.6 31 Dec 2007 12.8   5.7 29 Feb 2008 41.8
Noarlunga 27.3   41.3 10 Jan 2008 15.9   9.6 10 Dec 2007 42.2
Parawa 22.9   38.7 31 Dec 2007 12.9   8.1 22 Dec 2007 82.4
Victor Harbor 23.6   41.7 31 Dec 2007 13.8   7.2 8 Dec 2007 79.2
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 31.4 +0.7 42.9 31 Dec 2007 14.4 +0.5 8.2 29 Feb 2008 26.7 54.3 low 49%
Renmark Aero 32.0   44.1 10 Jan 2008 15.5   7.9 23 Dec 2007 40.4
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 29.2 +0.9 41.5 1 Jan 2008 13.8 +0.5 6.1 10 Dec 2007 30.2 69.4 low 44%
Meningie 25.9 +0.4 42.2 31 Dec 2007 13.5 0.0 7.3 29 Feb 2008 48.2 58.5 normal 82%
Murray Bridge 29.3   44.9 31 Dec 2007 13.2   6.4 8 Dec 2007 30.8
Murray Bridge Comparison 29.8 +1.3 44.4 31 Dec 2007 13.9 −0.1 7.6 8 Feb 2008 32.3 57.8 low 56%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 26.7   43.2 31 Dec 2007 13.4   7.0 29 Feb 2008 46.4
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 30.3   44.0 31 Dec 2007 13.4   6.8 29 Feb 2008 35.0 60.0 low 58%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 29.6 +0.6 43.8 31 Dec 2007 12.9 +0.2 5.0 29 Feb 2008 36.4 64.9 low 56%
Keith 30.1   45.3 31 Dec 2007 11.1   1.6 29 Feb 2008 34.6
Lameroo 30.6   44.0 31 Dec 2007 13.4   6.1 8 Feb 2008 26.6
Lameroo Comparison 30.2 +0.1 45.1 31 Dec 2007 13.8 +0.9 6.6 8 Feb 2008 28.0 65.7 low 43%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa 24.3   40.3 31 Dec 2007 12.5   6.2 8 Dec 2007 26.4
Coonawarra 27.1 +0.8 42.8 31 Dec 2007 10.6 −0.4 2.5 25 Dec 2007 61.0 81.6 low 75%
Mount Gambier Aero 25.4 +1.1 43.3 31 Dec 2007 11.5 +0.6 4.4 5 Dec 2007 48.4 89.8 very low 54%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 29.0   45.0 31 Dec 2007 10.5   2.0 25 Dec 2007 30.2
Padthaway South 28.4   43.2 31 Dec 2007 11.2   2.5 29 Feb 2008 36.4
Robe Airfield 23.7   38.8 31 Dec 2007 11.4   3.4 25 Dec 2007 29.2
Robe Comparison 22.0 −0.1 34.2 31 Dec 2007 13.3 0.0 7.6 25 Dec 2007 33.6 66.6 low 50%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Friday 29 February 2008. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Normals are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of "normal" rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, normal in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of normal shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au