Monday, 1 September 2008 - Seasonal Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0

South Australia in winter 2008
A Reasonably Normal Winter.

Summary

  • Winter rainfall was generally mixed, ranging between below average to above average.
  • Winter temperatures started above average in June but cooled to below average during August.

An archive of previous seasonal summaries for South Australia is also available, as are summaries for other states and many other climate summaries and diagnostics.

Rainfall

Pastoral Districts

Rainfall varied from below average to above average over the pastoral districts with the far north east of the state receiving very much above average rainfall. Rainfall totals tended to be between 10 and 50 mm. More than 50 mm was gratefully received in the far northeast near Birdsville.

The highest winter rainfall total was 72 mm at Gluepot Reserve in the Northeast district whilst the lowest was at Coober Pedy with only 7 mm during winter!

Agricultural Districts

Rainfall totals were generally near average, apart from areas in the Northern Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula and the Lower South East districts where rainfall totals were below average, but there were some isolated areas with above average rainfall for winter.

Much of the northern agricultural areas received between 50 and 200 mm rainfall with totals in the 200 to 300 mm range being recorded in the southern coastal regions. More than 300 mm were received on the western half of Kangaroo Island. The highest rainfall total of 489 mm was recorded at Woodhouse in the Mount Lofty Ranges whilst Waikerie in the Upper Murray Valley only recorded 41 mm.

See a map of total rainfall. See a map of rainfall deciles.

Temperature

The mean maximum temperature over the majority of the state was cooler than the long-term average, within 1°C of the long-term normal, with parts of the western areas of the state were slightly warmer than average. The mean minimum temperature was mostly slightly above the winter mean with isolated pockets that were only marginally below the long-term minimum temperature mean.

The hottest winter day was 30.6°C recorded at the Oodnadatta Airport on the 31st July. The coldest daily maximum was at Mount Crawford on the 7th of July when a maximum of 6.2°C was recorded. The lowest daily minimum temperature recorded was at Yunta on the 24th July when −5.8°C was recorded. The warmest overnight minimum temperature was recorded at Arkaroola on the 30th August, 17.6°C.

Oodnadatta Airport had the warmest winter mean maximum temperature of 20.2°C. The lowest mean maximum winter temperature was 10.8°C at Mount Crawford.

The warmest nights on average across winter were recorded on Neptune Island with 11.7°C, while the coldest nights on average were recorded at Yongala in the Far North, averaging just 2.6°C for the season.

See a map of mean maximum temperatures.
See a map of maximum temperature anomalies.
See a map of mean minimum temperatures.
See a map of minimum temperature anomalies.

Wind

A small, but intense low-pressure system tracked east from the Great Australian Bight waters, along the south coast of Kangaroo Island during the evening and night on 13th July. Severe north to northwest winds on the northeast flank of this low affected Kangaroo Island and southern Yorke Peninsula, with gusts of 90−93 km/h reported at Cape Borda and Edithburgh. However, the strongest observed winds occurred at Cape Willoughby at the eastern end of Kangaroo Island, where northerly winds were sustained at 90−95 km/h for about two hours, with gusts to 110−120 km/h. Remarkably, damage was minimal.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au

Extremes

Hottest day
Highest temperature
30.6°C at Oodnadatta Airport on 31 Jul
Warmest days on average
Highest mean daily maximum temperature
20.2°C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average
Lowest mean daily maximum temperature
10.8°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower
Coldest day
Lowest daily maximum temperature
6.2°C at Mount Crawford Fire Tower on 7 Jul
Coldest night
Lowest temperature
−5.8°C at Yunta Airstrip on 24 Jul
Coolest nights on average
Lowest mean daily minimum temperature
2.6°C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average
Highest mean daily minimum temperature
11.7°C at Neptune Island
Warmest night
Highest daily minimum temperature
17.6°C at Arkaroola on 30 Aug
Wettest overall
Highest total rainfall
489.4 mm at Piccadilly (Woodhouse)
Highest wind gust
120 km/h at Renmark Aero on 23 Aug

Summaries

In this table, key sites have been highlighted to make them easier to find. This table is very wide and may not fit if printed.

Summary statistics for winter 2008
Maximum temperatures
for winter
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for winter
(°C)
Rainfall
for winter
(millimetres)
Mean for
winter
2008
Diff
from
normal
Highest for
winter
2008
Mean for
winter
2008
Diff
from
normal
Lowest for
winter
2008
Total for
winter
2008
Normal
for
winter
Rank of
winter
2008
Fraction of
winter
normal
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 18.7 −0.5 25.2 19 Jul 6.6 −0.1 −0.7 25 Jul 26.0 41.6 average 63%
Coober Pedy Airport 18.7   26.3 29 Aug 6.3   1.1 24 Jul 9.0
Ernabella 18.5   28.7 31 Jul 5.0   −5.2 25 Jul 17.8
Nonning 16.8 −0.4 21.9 29 Jun 4.2 −0.1 −4.5 25 Jul 46.4 77.6 low 60%
Roxby Downs 18.2   25.5 19 Jul 5.1   −3.3 25 Jul 12.4
Tarcoola Aero 18.9   25.9 29 Jun 3.9   −3.1 7 Aug 25.4
Woomera Aerodrome 17.5 −0.2 23.4 30 Aug 6.2 −0.2 0.7 25 Jul 21.0 45.1 low 47%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 17.2 −0.3 22.7 19 Jul 5.5 +0.1 −1.2 8 Aug 32.8 51.5 average 64%
Marree Aero 19.2   27.9 31 Jul 6.0   0.5 8 Aug 26.6
Marree Comparison 19.5 −0.5 27.4 31 Jul 6.2 +0.5 0.6 25 Jul 39.0 32.9 average 119%
Moomba Airport 19.8   30.3 31 Jul 6.8   1.1 9 Aug 26.8
Oodnadatta Airport 20.2 −0.3 30.6 31 Jul 6.1 −0.5 −1.1 24 Jul 38.6 31.1 average 124%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 18.4 +0.3 25.3 25 Jun 5.9 −0.2 −1.4 28 Jul 64.8 109.6 low 59%
Cleve 15.6 −0.3 22.2 1 Jun 7.3 −0.2 2.8 24 Jul 148.6 140.4 average 106%
Cleve Aerodrome 15.4   22.0 1 Jun 7.2   1.9 24 Aug 120.2 130.8 average 92%
Coulta 15.7   20.6 1 Jun 7.7   1.3 25 Jul 165.6
Cummins Aero 15.7   22.3 1 Jun 5.2   −1.0 28 Jul 166.8
Elliston 17.1 +0.2 22.5 1 Jun 8.3 +0.1 1.0 23 Jul 191.6 201.9 average 95%
Kimba 15.4 −0.8 21.5 1 Jun 5.2 −0.2 −0.8 25 Jul 130.4 123.0 average 106%
Kyancutta 17.5 −0.4 23.7 1 Jun 4.1 −0.9 −2.5 23 Aug 87.4 117.9 average 74%
Minnipa DPI 16.4   22.4 2 Jun 6.5   0.4 22 Aug 79.0
Neptune Island 15.3 −0.2 19.5 1 Jun 11.7 +0.2 7.1 21 Aug 202.0 205.7 average 98%
North Shields 15.9   21.9 2 Jun 7.6   3.5 25 Jul 198.2
Nullarbor 18.4 −0.5 25.8 28 Jun 5.8 +0.2 0.2 7 Aug 57.8 81.9 low 71%
Port Augusta Aero 17.8   23.7 30 Aug 5.9   −2.4 25 Jul 46.4
Streaky Bay 17.3 +0.3 23.6 1 Jun 9.0 +0.2 2.9 26 Aug 158.5 173.2 average 92%
Whyalla Aero 17.0 −0.6 22.8 30 Aug 5.8 +0.2 −1.8 24 Jul 65.7 70.3 average 93%
Wudinna Aero 17.1   23.2 1 Jun 5.5   −1.7 23 Aug 88.0
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 15.7 −1.1 22.0 19 Jul 4.2 0.0 −2.1 28 Jul 76.9 105.0 average 73%
Yongala 13.0 −0.7 19.4 2 Jun 2.6 +0.1 −4.0 25 Jul 85.6 122.6 low 70%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve 16.6   21.5 31 Jul 4.2   −5.0 22 Aug 71.6
Yunta Airstrip 15.3   20.9 19 Jul 3.1   −5.8 24 Jul 47.2
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 12.7   19.0 2 Jun 4.3   −2.2 28 Jul 221.6
Port Pirie Aerodrome 16.4   23.0 30 Aug 5.8   −2.7 28 Jul 105.8
Port Pirie Nyrstar Comparison 16.9 −0.3 22.0 30 Aug 8.5 +0.4 1.0 28 Jul 137.5 109.4 high 126%
Snowtown 15.3   22.1 1 Jun 4.7   −2.3 24 Jul 133.6
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 15.4   19.0 31 Jul 7.6   0.4 24 Jul 114.4
Kadina AWS 15.6   20.5 3 Jun 5.0   −2.8 28 Jul 103.4
Maitland 14.8 −0.2 21.6 1 Jun 7.5 +0.2 2.1 28 Jul 163.7 195.6 low 84%
Minlaton Aero 15.5   21.6 1 Jun 7.0   −0.3 28 Jul 131.2
Stenhouse Bay 15.4   21.3 1 Jun 9.6   3.4 24 Jul 212.2
Warooka 15.3 −0.2 21.0 1 Jun 8.0 +0.1 2.8 24 Jul 137.6 189.4 low 73%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.2   17.8 4 Jun 9.6   5.5 22 Aug 303.2
Cape Willoughby 14.4 −0.1 19.2 1 Jun 10.1 +0.1 6.0 9 Aug 227.0 231.0 average 98%
Kingscote Aero 15.5   19.6 1 Jun 6.3   −0.6 28 Aug 192.2
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide 15.5 −0.5 22.0 1 Jun 7.7 −0.2 0.7 28 Jul 182.4 222.3 low 82%
Adelaide Airport 15.4 −0.2 20.5 2 Jun 7.4 0.0 −0.1 24 Jul 133.2 165.2 low 81%
Edinburgh RAAF 15.4 −0.4 20.6 1 Jun 6.4 0.0 −1.2 24 Jul 130.2 156.0 average 83%
Parafield Airport 15.6 −0.1 21.2 1 Jun 6.3 −0.5 −1.9 28 Jul 117.4 167.7 low 70%
Roseworthy AWS 15.5   20.7 1 Jun 5.5   −1.6 28 Jul 140.8
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 13.2   18.8 29 Jun 4.5   −2.6 28 Jul 148.0
Rosedale 14.9 −0.5 20.8 2 Jun 5.5 −0.4 −2.5 28 Jul 193.2 172.4 average 112%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23°C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 15.2   20.5 1 Jun 8.2   −0.1 24 Jul 182.2
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 12.4   19.5 1 Jun 6.5   1.5 24 Jul 372.8
Mount Barker 13.8 +0.2 20.8 2 Jun 4.9 0.0 −1.9 24 Jul 313.6 307.4 average 102%
Mount Crawford Fire Tower 10.8   17.1 1 Jun 4.4   −2.3 15 Jun 288.0
Noarlunga 14.7   19.3 2 Jun 8.5   2.4 28 Jul 160.2
Parawa 11.9   17.0 1 Jun 7.1   2.6 24 Jul 415.0
Victor Harbor 15.4   19.2 2 Jun 7.2   −0.3 24 Jul 267.3
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.2 −0.3 21.4 31 Jul 4.6 +0.3 −2.5 24 Jul 75.2 81.8 average 92%
Renmark Aero 16.4   20.9 29 Jun 4.3   −4.2 24 Jul 77.0
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.0 −0.7 18.5 2 Jun 5.2 −0.1 0.6 22 Aug 164.0 159.1 average 103%
Meningie 15.2 −0.3 20.0 2 Jun 7.2 +0.3 1.7 24 Jul 225.0 179.3 high 125%
Murray Bridge 15.5   20.8 1 Jun 5.5   −4.2 24 Jul 92.2
Murray Bridge Comparison 16.4 −0.4 21.8 2 Jun 5.9 +0.1 −1.6 24 Jul 121.9 109.8 high 111%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.0   21.0 1 Jun 6.8   0.7 24 Jul 198.6
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 15.6   21.5 31 Jul 5.2   −1.4 24 Jul 114.0 108.0 average 106%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 15.0 −0.6 20.0 2 Jun 5.4 −0.4 −1.2 28 Jul 168.1 164.9 average 102%
Keith 15.0   19.8 2 Jun 4.7   −2.2 28 Jul 152.6
Lameroo 15.0   20.2 1 Jun 4.5   −1.1 22 Aug 88.4
Lameroo Comparison 15.5 −0.2 21.2 1 Jun 5.1 +0.4 −0.1 22 Aug 81.2 126.8 low 64%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa 14.0   17.8 3 Jun 7.9   1.5 16 Jun 295.0
Coonawarra 14.2 −0.2 19.5 2 Jun 5.2 −0.1 −1.9 23 Jul 182.5 230.6 low 79%
Mount Gambier Aero 13.5 −0.2 18.8 2 Jun 5.9 +0.5 −0.4 28 Jul 258.0 275.4 average 94%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 14.3   20.0 2 Jun 5.2   −2.9 28 Jul 104.4
Padthaway South 14.5   19.7 2 Jun 5.4   −1.7 23 Jul 170.6
Robe Airfield 14.6   18.6 2 Jun 7.0   −0.5 16 Jun 292.2
Robe Comparison 14.0 0.0 17.9 3 Jun 9.0 +0.6 3.9 28 Jul 278.0 285.2 average 97%

Notes

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 1 September 2008. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Normals are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average ("normal") rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, normal in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of normal shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

South Australian Regional Office
South Australian Climate Services Centre
Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (08) 8366 2600
Email climate.sa@bom.gov.au