This brochure describes the flood
warning system operated by the Australian Government, Bureau of
Meteorology for the upper Brisbane River above Wivenhoe Dam. It
includes reference information which will be useful for understanding
Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins issued by the Bureau's Flood
Warning Centre during periods of high rainfall and flooding.
The upper Brisbane River catchment above Wivenhoe Dam drains an area of approximately 7,000 square kilometres. The Brisbane River rises in the Brisbane Range which is located some 40 kilometres east of Kingaroy. Major tributaries of the upper Brisbane River include Cooyar, Emu and Cressbrook Creeks which all enter the river from the east and travel in a southeast direction eventually passing through into Wivenhoe Dam. Its major tributary, the Stanley River, rises in the Conondale Ranges southeast of Maleny and travels in a southwest direction through one of the heaviest rainfall areas in Australia and into Somerset Dam and then eventually into Wivenhoe Dam.
Heavy rains in the upper reaches of the Brisbane River, particularly the Stanley River catchment, may result in significant local flooding of low lying areas, however, both the Somerset and Wivenhoe Dam's have significantly reduced the frequency of flooding in the lower Brisbane River catchment to Brisbane City, where major flooding can still occur from local area run-off.
Flood records for most river height recording stations in the upper reaches of the Brisbane River are quite extensive with records for Woodford dating back to the 1890's. The record major flood of 1893 in Brisbane was a result of extremely heavy rainfall falling in the upper reaches of the Stanley River around Peachester. This event occurred well before the completion of the Somerset Dam in 1959. Wivenhoe Dam was completed in 1984. The largest flood since 1893 was recorded in January 2011 which produced large scale inundation of residential and agricultural areas throughout the Brisbane Valley.
The Bureau of Meteorology, in association with the South East Queensland Water Corporation (SEQWater) and the Brisbane City Council (BCC) operate a flood warning system for the upper Brisbane River catchment above Wivenhoe Dam using data from the rainfall and river height network shown on the map. The network consists of manual rainfall and river height observers as well as automated telemetry equipment.
The flood warning system has been upgraded in recent years by the SEQWater, in association with the Bureau and the BCC, with the installation of many ALERT flood warning stations. These provide early warning of heavy rainfalls and river rises throughout the catchment and enable more accurate and timely response to impending river and creek flooding throughout the upper reaches of the Brisbane Valley.
In consultation with the SEQWater, the Bureau issues Flood Warnings for the upper Brisbane River catchment above Wivenhoe Dam. The SEQWater's role is to operate the dams during flood events. It provides the Bureau with detailed information regarding actual and projected releases from Somerset and Wivenhoe Dams which is used in the flood forecasting models.
The Toowoomba Regional Council and the Somerset Regional Council are provided with regular River Height Bulletins and Flood Warnings when the upper Brisbane River catchment above Wivenhoe Dam is in flood.
Brisbane River ALERT System
The upper Brisbane River ALERT flood warning system above Wivenhoe Dam was completed in the mid 1990's by the South East Queensland Water Corporation (SEQWater) with the assistance of the Bureau and Brisbane and Ipswich City Councils. The system comprises a comprehensive network of rainfall and river height field stations located throughout the catchment. They report via VHF radio to base station computers located in both SEQWater and the Brisbane City Council offices and the Bureau of Meteorology in Brisbane. The field stations send reports for every 1 millimetre of rainfall and every 50 millimetre change in river height.
The base station computers located in the both the SEQWater and Brisbane City Council offices collect the data and have software that displays it in graphical and tabular form. The data is also received by the Bureau's Flood Warning Centre where it is used in hydrologic models to produce river height predictions.
Flood Warnings and Bulletins
In consultation with the SEQWater and the Brisbane City Council, the Bureau's Flood Warning Centre issues Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins for the upper Brisbane River catchment above Wivenhoe Dam regularly during floods. They are sent to radio stations for broadcast, and to the Councils, emergency services and a large number of other agencies involved in managing flood response activities.
Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins are available via :
Internet/World Wide Web
Interpreting Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins
Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins contain observed river heights for a selection of the river height monitoring locations. The time at which the river reading has been taken is given together with its tendency (e.g. rising, falling, steady or at its peak). The Flood Warnings may also contain predictions in the form of minor, moderate or major flooding for a period in the future. River Height Bulletins also give the height above or below the road bridge or causeway for each river station located near a road crossing.
One of the simplest ways of understanding what the actual or predicted river height means is to compare the height given in the Warning or Bulletin with the height of previous floods at that location.
The table below summarises the flood history of the upper Brisbane River catchment above Wivenhoe Dam. It contains the flood gauge heights of the highest know floods recorded at the main forecast locations, together with the heights reached in more recent flood events.
For further information, please refer to similar brochures issued for the lower Brisbane River below Wivenhoe Dam to Brisbane City and for the Bremer river.
Historical flood heights for all river stations in the upper Brisbane River catchment above Wivenhoe Dam Floodwarning network, as shown on the map, are available from the Bureau of Meteorology upon request.
At each flood warning river height station, the severity of flooding is described as minor, moderate or major according to the effects caused in the local area or in nearby downstream areas. Terms used in Flood Warnings are based on the following definitions.
Each river height station has a pre-determined flood classification which details heights on gauges at which minor, moderate and major flooding commences. Other flood heights may also be defined which indicate at what height the local road crossing or town becomes affected by floodwaters.
The table below shows the flood classifications for selected river height stations in the upper BrisbaneRiver catchment above Wivenhoe Dam.
The above details are correct at the time of preparing this document. Up-to-date flood classifications and other details for all flood warning stations in the network are at:
Flood gauge information
For the latest rainfall and river height conditions please use the following link:
For the latest rainfall and river height network map please use the following link:Network maps
For further information, contact:
The Regional Hydrology Manager,
GPO Box 413, Brisbane Q 4001