FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM
for
MYALL CREEK TO DALBY

This brochure describes the flood warning system operated by the Australian Government, Bureau of Meteorology for Myall Creek to Dalby. It includes reference information which will be useful for understanding Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins issued by the Bureau's Flood Warning Centre during periods of high rainfall and flooding.

Myall Creek at Dalby
Myall Creek at Dalby
Contained in this document is information about:
(Last updated April 2014)

Flood Risk

The Myall Creek catchment to Dalby drains an area of approximately 1375 square kilometres, extending from the Great Dividing Range towards the town of Dalby and the Condamine River . The main branch of the creek rises beneath Mt Mocatta, which is located north of Maclagan, whilst Cain Creek/Spring Creek tributary of the main branch extends eastwards towards Haden. The north branch of Myall Creek rises beneath Mt Mowbullan in the Bunya Mountains.  Myall Creek joins the Condamine River just downstream of Loudoun Bridge on the Moonie Highway. The town of Dalby lies in the floodplain of Myall Creek, both the town and the surrounding agricultural community suffer extensive damage during major floods.

Previous Flooding

Myall Creek has records of floods dating back to 1908 with 11 major flood events having occurred since this time, the highest being the February 1981 flood which rose to a height of 4.50m on the flood gauge located in Patrick Street. This resulted in some 700 homes and 140 businesses being inundated by floodwaters and some 25,000 ha of agricultural lands suffering moderate to severe flood damage. 

Four large floods were recorded through Dalby during December 2010 and January 2011. The largest flood (3.74 metres) was the 5th highest on record dating back to 1942. The figure below shows the significant flood peaks which have occurred at Dalby since records began.

Highest Annual Flood Peaks Diagram

Flood Forecasting

The Bureau of Meteorology and the Dalby Regional Council operate a flood warning system for the Myall Creek based on a rainfall and river height observations network shown on the map. The network, upgraded by the Dalby regional Council in association with the Bureau in 1992, consists of mostly automatic telemetry stations as well as volunteer rainfall and river height observers. The automatic network includes three rainfall and three rain/river stations which automatically send data via radio to a base station located in the Dalby Regional Council offices. The system provides early detection of heavy rainfalls and river rises throughout the catchment and enables more accurate and timely flood warning and forecasts. 

The Bureau's Flood Warning Centre issues Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins whenever the creek height is expected to exceed minor flood level at Dalby. These warnings are updated several times per day throughout a flood event.

Local Information

The Dalby Regional Council is able to provide further details of local flooding in the rural areas of the Myall Creek catchment as well as residential areas of Dalby.

Myall Creek ALERT System

The Myall Creek catchment to Dalby ALERT flood warning system was completed in the mid 1990's as a co-operative project between the Bureau of Meteorology and the Dalby Town Council. The system comprises a network of rainfall and river height field stations located in the catchment which report via VHF radio to base station computers located in Council offices at Dalby and the Bureau of Meteorology in Brisbane. The field stations send reports for every 1 millimetre of rainfall and every 50 millimetre change in river height. 

In consultation with the Dalby Town Council, the Bureau issues Flood Warnings for the Myall Creek catchment to Dalby. 

The base station computer located in the Dalby Town Council office collects the data and have software that displays it in graphical and tabular form. The data is also received by the Bureau's Flood Warning Centre where it is used in hydrologic models to produce river height predictions. 

Flood Warnings and Bulletins

The Bureau of Meteorology issues Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins for the Myall Creek catchment to Dalby regularly during floods. They are sent to radio stations for broadcast, and to local Councils, emergency services and a large number of other agencies involved in managing flood response activities.

Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins are available via:

Radio
Radio stations, particularly the local ABC, and local commercial stations, broadcast Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins soon after issue. 

Local response organisations
These include the Councils, Police, and State Emergency Services in the local area. 

Internet/World Wide Web
Flood Warnings, River Height Bulletins and other weather related data is available on the Bureau's Web page at http://www.bom.gov.au . The Queensland Flood Warning Centre website is http://www.bom.gov.au/qld/flood .

Telephone Weather
Flood Warnings are available through a recorded voice retrieval system, along with a wide range of other weather related and climate information.

Main Directory Phone 1900 955 360
Flood Warnings Phone 1300 659 219

Telephone Weather Services Call Charges:
1900 numbers: 77c per minute incl. GST; 1300 numbers: Low call cost - around 27.5c incl. GST.
(More from international, satellite, mobile or public phones)

Interpreting Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins

Flood Warnings and River Height Bulletins contain observed river heights for a selection of the river height monitoring locations. The time at which the river reading has been taken is given together with its tendency (e.g. rising, falling, steady or at its peak). The Flood Warnings may also contain predictions in the form of minor, moderate or major flooding for a period in the future. River Height Bulletins also give the height above or below the road bridge or causeway for each river station located near a road crossing. 

One of the simplest ways of understanding what the actual or predicted river height means is to compare the height given in the Warning or Bulletin with the height of previous floods at that location. 

The table below summarises the flood history of the Myall Creek catchment to Dalby - it contains the flood gauge heights of the more significant recent floods.

Flood Event Clydesdale Moffatt Dalby
Feb 1981 4.50 4.94 4.50
Jun 1983 4.50 3.20 3.80
Jul 1984 4.41 3.20 3.10
Feb 1988 4.40 3.10 2.90
May 1996 4.55 2.50 2.90
Oct 2010 2.41 2.30 1.49
Dec 2010 4.78 2.40 3.54
Jan 2011 4.83 2.65 3.74
Feb 2013 4.38 3.40 3.21
All heights are in metres on flood gauges. 

Historical flood heights for all river stations in the Myall Creek catchment to Dalby as shown on the map, are available from the Bureau of Meteorology upon request.


MYALL CREEK CATCHMENT TO DALBY
(PATRICK STREET)
ASSESSMENT OF THE FLOOD POTENTIAL

Major flooding requires a large scale rainfall situation over the Myall Creek catchment to Dalby (Patrick Street). The following can be used as a rough guide to the likelihood of flooding in the catchment :

Average catchment rainfalls in excess of 25mm, with isolated 50mm falls, in 24 hours may result in stream rises and the possibility of minor flooding and local traffic disabilities and extending downstream to Dalby.

Average catchment rainfalls in excess of 50mm, with isolated 75 to 100mm falls, in 24 hours may result in significant stream stream rises with the possibility of moderate to major flooding developing with local traffic disabilities and extending downstream to Dalby. 

Flood Classifications

At each flood warning river height station, the severity of flooding is described as minor, moderate or major according to the effects caused in the local area or in nearby downstream areas. Terms used in Flood Warnings are based on the following definitions.

Minor Flooding : Causes inconvenience. Low-lying areas next to watercourses are inundated. Minor roads may be closed and low-level bridges submerged. In urban areas inundation may affect some backyards and buildings below the floor level as well as bicycle and pedestrian paths. In rural areas removal of stock and equipment may be required.

Moderate Flooding :In addition to the above, the area of inundation is more substantial. Main traffic routes may be affected. Some buidlings may be affected above the floor level. Evacuation of flood affected areas may be required. In rural areas removal of stock is required.

Major Flooding :In addition to the above, extensive rural areas and/or urban areas are inundated. Many buildings may be affected above the floor level. Properties and towns are likely to be isolated and major rail and traffic routes closed. Evacuation of flood affected areas may be required. Utility services may be impacted.   

Flood Level Classification Diagram

Each river height station has a pre-determined flood classification which details heights on gauges at which minor, moderate and major flooding commences. Other flood heights may also be defined which indicate at what height the local road crossing or town becomes affected by floodwaters. 

The table below shows the flood classifications for selected river height stations in the Myall Creek catchment to Dalby.

River Height Station
First Report Height
Crossing Height
Minor Flood Level
Crops & Grazing
Moderate Flood Level
Towns and Houses
Major Flood Level
Clydesdale 2.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 (d/s) 4.0
Moffatt 2.0 2.00 (X) 3.0 4.0  - 4.5
Dalby 1.5 1.90 (B) 2.0 3.0 3.5 3.5
All heights are in metres on flood gauges. 
(B) = Bridge  (X) = Crossing  

The above details are correct at the time of preparing this document. Up-to-date flood classifications and other details for all flood warning stations in the network are at:

Flood gauge information

For the latest rainfall and river height conditions please use the following link:

For the latest rainfall and river height network map please use the following link:

Network maps
 
For further information, contact:
The Regional Hydrology Manager, Bureau of Meteorology, GPO Box 413, Brisbane Q 4001