State of the Climate 2022


About State of the Climate

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Kennanook/Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station, Tasmania.

The State of the Climate report draws on the latest monitoring, science and projection information to describe variability and changes in Australia’s climate.

Changes to our climate affect all Australians, particularly the changes associated with increases in the frequency or intensity of heat events, fire weather and drought. Australia will need to plan for and adapt to climate change.

This is the seventh State of the Climate report. The report has been published every two years since the first report in 2010.

About Kennaook/Cape Grim

The 46 years of uninterrupted measurement at the Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station, Tasmania, is a source of great pride for the Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO. In 2021, the dual name of Kennaook/Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station, was formally adopted for Australia’s globally important atmospheric observatory, in recognition of the deep history and continuing presence and participation of the Peerapper people in the custodianship of the Kennaook area.

This area has been a site of historical violence and dispossession of its First Peoples, the Peerapper, perpetrated by British colonists. Both the Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO are committed to taking action towards reconciliation with Australia’s First Nations people. We acknowledge the Peerapper people as the traditional custodians of the lands, waters and skies of the area traditionally known as Kennaook, which encompasses the site of the Kennaook/Cape Grim observatory, and pay our respect to Elders past and present.

Further information

Bureau of Meteorology

The Bureau of Meteorology is Australia’s national weather, climate, ocean, water and space weather agency. Through regular forecasts, warnings, monitoring and advice spanning the Australian region and Antarctic territory, the Bureau provides one of the most fundamental and widely used services of government.


CSIRO is Australia’s national science agency, solving the greatest challenges through innovative science and technology. CSIRO uses collaborative research to turn science into solutions for food security and quality; clean energy and resources; health and wellbeing; resilient and valuable environments; innovative industries; and a secure Australia and region. | 1300 363 400

Further information about the content of this report, and a list of references is available online.

Copyright and disclaimer

To the extent permitted by law, all rights are reserved, and no part of this publication covered by copyright may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means except with the permission of CSIRO or the Bureau of Meteorology. It is advised that users seek additional information or expert scientific advice before using the contents of this report in any specific situation.


PRINT 978-1-4863-1769-1 | ONLINE 978-1-4863-1770-7

© 2022 Commonwealth of Australia


Cover image: Sunrise at Town Beach in Broome, Western Australia (Greg Sullavan)


Download the PDF file of references.