10.1 Groundwater inflow from outside region

Supporting Information

Groundwater flow across the region boundary occurs but is negligible and is therefore assumed to be zero. The volume presented in the water accounting statements represents flow across the Melbourne region boundary for the following processes:

  • through fractured rock along the northern and north eastern boundary
  • through major sedimentary and basalt aquifers at the western and eastern boundary.

The following figure shows the groundwater flow boundaries. In general, the dominant direction of groundwater flow in the Melbourne region is from the recharge area in the fractured rock aquifers in the north, northwest and northeast towards the Port Phillip Bay and Western Port in the south.

Groundwater flow boundaries
Groundwater flow boundaries

Quantification Approach

Data Source

Bureau of Meteorology.

Provided by

Bureau of Meteorology.


The estimation of groundwater inflow to the outside region across the Melbourne region boundary is explained by groundwater observations in the region and the assumptions in the following section.

Assumptions, Limitations, Caveats and Approximations

Groundwater inflow across the Melbourne region boundaries is assumed negligible on an annual basis based on the fact that the northern and northeast boundaries represent a groundwater divide. Groundwater flow along the landward boundary of the region is thought to be minimal Department of Sustainability and Environment 2010a . A small amount of cross-boundary flow is likely in the Kinglake area due to the concentration of abstractions from the Kinglake groundwater management area immediately to the north of the Port Phillip catchment management authority boundary.

Groundwater outflow to outside region across the Melbourne region boundary is assumed negligible on an annual basis based on the following fact that the groundwater flow direction in the western part of the region is approximately parallel to the region boundary. It is assumed that there was no significant flow across the boundary.

Uncertainty Information

The uncertainty estimate was not quantified.

Comparative year

This line item corresponds in part to line item 15.1 Regional groundwater inflow reported in the 2010 Account. In the 2010 Account, this line item was unquantified. In the 2011 Account, the following changes were made that caused the 2009–10 year value to be restated:

  • The presentation of the line items has changed since the 2010 Account: Groundwater flow was partitioned into groundwater inflow at the coast (reported at line item 10.2 Groundwater inflow from outside region at coast) and regional inflow for the rest of the Melbourne region.
  • In the 2011 Account, a suitable quantification approach was available to estimate groundwater inflow from outside the region.

The comparative year volume is 0 ML.