South East Queensland
9.1 Precipitation on surface water

Supporting information

The volumetric value for the line item at the end of the 2012–13 year was 260,396 ML.

This line item consists of precipitation on surface water within the South East Queensland (SEQ) region. As a surface area was not available for surface water, such as rivers, natural lakes or wetlands, precipitation was only provided for the surface water storages listed in line item 1.1 Storages (following table).

The volume of precipitation on surface water was higher during the 2012–13 year (260,396 ML) than the 2011–12 year (241,032 ML). This was due to the 2012–13 year being slightly wetter (annual rainfall was 1,151 mm), with major flood events occurring in late January 2013. Further information on the rainfall within the region can be found in the Climate overview.


Precipitation on storages within the South East Queensland region
Water resource plan (WRP) area

Water supply scheme (WSS)

Storage name



Gold Coast Nerang Hinze1


Little Nerang1


Total Gold Coast WRP area


Logan Basin Logan River Bromelton Off-Stream Storage2  

Cedar Grove Weir3


Lake Maroon1


None Leslie Harrison1



Total Logan Basin WRP area


Moreton Central Brisbane River and Stanley River Mount Crosby Weir3






Central Lockyer Clarendon1


Bill Gunn1


Cressbrook Creek Cressbrook Creek3




Lower Lockyer Atkinson1


Pine Valleys North Pine1


Warrill Valley Moogerah1


None Enoggera1


Gold Creek3


Lake Kurwongbah1


Lake Manchester1


Splityard Creek3


Total Moreton WRP area


Total SEQ region


1 Precipitation calculated using variable surface area

2 Precipitation not calculated as surface area of the storage was not available.

3 Precipitation calculated using static surface area

Quantification approach

Data source

National Climate Centre (NCC) daily climate grids (rainfall); Australian Hydrological Geospatial Fabric (AHGF) waterbody feature class; Australian Water Resources Information System (AWRIS) water storage. 

Provided by

Bureau of Meteorology (the Bureau). 


Monthly precipitation data were produced by the Bureau. It was based on daily data from approximately 6,500 rain gauge stations and interpolated to a 0.050 (approximately 5 km) national grid
(Jones et al. 2007).

The precipitation at each waterbody was estimated from the proportionally weighted average of grid points that intersected each water feature. The volume was then estimated using the surface area of each waterbody. The surface area varied dynamically with changing water storage level for water storages where the relationship between storage level and surface area had been derived.

The surface area of most of the storages in the SEQ region was calculated using this dynamic method. Storage rating table data and regularly updated storage level data were not available for some storages, so static surface areas were used. The surface area for Cedar Grove and Mount Crosby weirs was provided by Seqwater. For Lake Cressbrook, Lake Perseverance, and Splityard Creek Dam, the AHGF waterbody feature class was used to estimate a static surface area. Surface areas were not available for Bromelton Off-Stream Storage or Wyaralong Dam. For the SEQ region, the precipitation on the surface water store included precipitation on storages only.

Assumptions, limitations, caveats and approximations

  • The precipitation estimates were subject to approximations associated with interpolating observation point data to a national grid detailed in Jones et al. (2007).
  • The dynamic storage surface areas calculated from the levels and capacity tables represent a monthly average and therefore will not capture changes that occur on a shorter temporal scale.
  • The use of the static default waterbody feature class surface area is an approximation only. It represents the storage at capacity and therefore probably results in an overestimation of precipitation on the storage. This default dataset was only used for the small storages (i.e. those where a dynamic surface area could not be determined); therefore, the impact of this approximation is estimated to be small.

Uncertainty information

The uncertainty estimate was not quantified.

Comparative year

The Bureau of Meteorology recalculated the 2011-12 year volume using the corrected dataset on storage GIS shape files. Consequently, the volume has been restated from 239,397 ML (as published in the 2012 Account) to 241,032 ML.