Gridded Monthly Temperature Metadata


Title High resolution monthly and multi-monthly temperature gridded datasets from 1911 onwards.


Custodian Bureau of Meteorology
Jurisdiction Australia


Abstract Monthly and multi-monthly high resolution temperature grids.
The grids show the temperature values across Australia in the form of two-dimensional array data.
The data extend from 1911 onwards.
See LINEAGE below for more information.
Search Word(s) Gridded, analyses, temperature, meteorology
Geographic Extent Names(s) Australia
General Category Gridded monthly data
General Custodian Jurisdiction Australian Government
Geographic Extent Polygon Not applicable
Geographic Bounding Box See below
North Bounding Latitude -9.975
South Bounding Latitude -44.525
East Bounding Longitude 156.275
West Bounding Longitude 111.975

Data Currency

Beginning Date 1911
Ending Date Current

Dataset Status

Progress Completed
Maintenance and
Update frequency


Stored Data Format Arc/InfoTM grids - all Australia
Available Format Type ASCII row major
Access Constraint

Please note that the copyright for any data supplied by the Bureau of Meteorology is held in the Commonwealth of Australia and the purchaser shall give acknowledgement of the source in reference to the data. Apart from dealings under the Copyright Act 1968, the purchaser shall not reproduce (electronically or otherwise), modify or supply (by sale or otherwise) these data without written permission from the supplier.

Please contact us (see details below) for more information.

Data Quality


The analyses (grids) are computer generated using a sophisticated analysis technique. It incorporates an optimised Barnes successive correction technique that applies a weighted averaging process to the station data. Topographical information is included by the use of temperature ratio (actual temperature divided by monthly average) in the analysis process.

On the maps each grid-point represents an approximately square area with sides of about 5 kilometres (0.05 degrees). The size of the grids is limited by the data density across Australia.

This grid-point analysis technique provides an objective average for each grid square and enables useful estimates in data-sparse areas such as central Australia. However, in data-rich areas such as southeast Australia or in regions with strong gradients, 'data smoothing' will occur resulting in grid-point values that may differ slightly from the exact temperature amount measured at the contributing stations.

Positional Accuracy The observational (station) data on which the analyses were based have an associated accuracy of the order of 0.01 degrees (approximately 1km) or better.
Attribute Accuracy Not applicable
Logical Consistency Not applicable
Completeness No missing data

Contact Information

Contact Organisation Bureau of Meteorology
Contact Position NCC Information Officer
Mail Address PO BOX 1289, Melbourne 3001, Australia
State Victoria
Country Australia
Postcode 3001
Telephone (03) 9669 4082
Facsimile (03) 9669 4515
Electronic Mail Contact via feedback form

Metadata date

Metadata date 2009
Additional Metadata These grids are based on monthly temperature data - additional information available on request (see contact above).