|Title||Clear sky UV Index (1979-2007)|
|Custodian||Bureau of Meteorology|
|Abstract||UV Index provides a simple measure of the solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation level at the earths surface. The UV Index is calculated for solar noon which is the time of daily maximum. Typical values range from zero when there is no sunlight to more than 14 on cloud-free days in summer in northern Australia.
See LINEAGE below for more information.
|Search Word(s)||Gridded, satellite, climatology, UV, solar, radiation, meteorology, ultraviolet|
|Geographic Extent Names(s)||Australia|
|General Category||Gridded climatological data|
|General Custodian Jurisdiction||Australian Government
|Geographic Extent Polygon||Not applicable|
|Geographic Bounding Box||See below|
|North Bounding Latitude||-7.920|
|South Bounding Latitude||-51.420|
|East Bounding Longitude||156.750|
|West Bounding Longitude||110.250|
|Stored Data Format||Arc/InfoTM grids - all Australia|
|Available Format Type||ASCII grid-point, Arc/InfoTM grid Interchange (.e00),Shapefiles.|
|Access Constraint||Satellite-derived global UV solar exposure estimates are based on data from the Earth Probe Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) and The Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Meteorological fields from the Bureau of Meteorology's weather forecasting model are also used in the UV solar calculation.
Any use of products from this imagery requires acknowledgement of the satellites TOMS and OMI (the original source of the ozone satellite data), and acknowledgement of the Commonwealth of Australia (Bureau of Meteorology) which received and processed the ozone data and then used them as input to the UV forecast model.
Acknowledgement should be in the form: "UV Index data derived from satellite imagery processed by the Bureau of Meteorology from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and Ozone Monitoring Instrument Satellite operated by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)."
Please contact us (see details below) for more information.
|Lineage||The Bureau of Meteorology's UV radiation model uses total ozone images from satellites to estimate the daily UV Index at ground level at local noon-time.
At each location for each satellite acquired image, the total ozone are averaged over each grid cell and used to estimate solar UV irradiance at the ground. Essentially, the UV irradiance at the ground can be calculated from the UV irradiance at the top of the earths atmosphere, the amount absorbed in the atmosphere (dependant on the amount of ozone present), the amount reflected from the surface (surface UV albedo) and the amount reflected from clouds (cloud albedo).
These instantaneous irradiance values are integrated over the 290-400 nm wavelength window and weighted by the Erythemal Action spectrum to give UV Index (solar UV radiation exposure). One UV Index is equal to 25 mili-watts per square metre. The monthly exposure UV Index gridded datasets cover Australia with a resolution of 1.5 degrees in latitude and longitude.
Missing data may be due to:
|Positional Accuracy||The satellite data on which the analyses were based have an associated resolution and typical accuracy of 1.5 x 1.25 degrees (approx. 150 km by 125 km) up to and including 2005 and 1.0 x 1.0 degrees (approx. 100 km) thereafter, although some individual images may have positional errors of several kilometres. The UV forecast model was run at a resolution of 1.5 x 1.5 degrees (approx 150 km).|
|Attribute Accuracy||The accuracy of the model's monthly estimates of UV Index exposure is estimated by comparison with measurements by the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency ground instruments.
The source of uncertainties associated with calculations includes:
All these factors with both random and biased components means that the 10% uncertainty for any of the monthly solar exposure estimates, regardless of the averaging period (that is, monthly and seasonal), is of the order of ±40 mW/m2
For more information (metadata) on observing stations please contact us.
|Logical Consistency||Not applicable|
|Completeness||No missing data|
|Contact Organisation||Bureau of Meteorology|
|Contact Position||Climate Data Services|
|Mail Address||PO BOX 1289, Melbourne 3001, Australia|
|Telephone||(03) 9669 4082|
|Facsimile||(03) 9669 4515|
|Additional Metadata||Additional information available on request (see contact above).|