Queensland in 2013: Record heat, dry in the west

Queensland's mean maximum temperature was highest on record in 2013. The year started with some exceptionally hot weather, with high temperature records broken. Locally, there was very heavy rain, especially in January, but it was generally a dry year west of the Great Dividing Range. Mt Isa and Tambo had their lowest annual rainfall on record.

  • Mean maximum temperature highest on record
  • Record hot start to the year
  • Record rain in the east in January from ex-tropical cyclone Oswald
  • Four tropical cyclones
  • Severe thunderstorms in November and December
  • Dry west of the Great Dividing Range
  • Record low rainfall in the west and southern interior
The Bureau of Meteorology's Australian annual climate statement is also available

Extremes Maps Records Summaries Important notes the top

Highest mean maximum temperature on record 

Averaged across Queensland, 2013's mean maximum temperature was the highest on record at 1.51 C above the 1961-90 average of 29.89 C. The mean maximum temperature beat the previous 2002 record by a margin of 0.08 C and is the highest in 104 years. Several sites recorded their highest mean daily maximum temperature.
The mean temperature (average of the maximum and minimum temperatures) was 1.22 C above the 1961-90 average of 23.23 C and the second-highest on record (just  0.02 C below the 2005 record).  Both 2005 and 2013 are the only years since records began in 1910 where the departure from the average is greater than 1 C.  Many individual sites had their highest mean temperature on record
The mean minimum temperature was fifth-highest on record at 0.93 C above the 1961-90 average of 16.57 C. Croydon equalled its highest minimum temperature on record.

A record hot start to the year

It was a hot start to the year in Queensland, with extreme heat affecting the state in the first weeks of January. Birdsville Airport reached 49.0 C on 13 January, the second-highest temperature ever recorded in Queensland (behind 49.5 C at Birdsville Police Station in 1972) and the highest on record for January. On the same day Thargomindah Airport reached 48.8 C, the second-highest Queensland January temperature. Numerous records were broken as part of a heatwave that affected large parts of Australia (see Special Climate Statement 43 for more details).   

A record warm spring

Warm conditions continued through much of the year. It was the warmest spring on record for Queensland (and Australia), and September brought unusually hot days and nights. Julia Creek had the earliest 40 C spring day ever registered in Queensland on 12 September, then reached 40.4 C on the 14th. Numerous site and area records were broken, as detailed in Special Climate Statement 46.

Tropical cyclones and heavy rainfall

Following the intense heat at the start of the year, there was a switch to wet weather before the end of January - category 1 tropical cyclone Oswald was named on the afternoon of 21 January. Very heavy rainfall during the period 22 to 29 January resulted from ex-tropical cyclone Oswald, along with extensive flooding for much of the east coast of Queensland (see Special Climate Statement 44, and the detailed Queensland Flood Report).  Numerous daily rainfall records were broken during this time.

Tropical cyclone Sandra was named on 7 March and reached severe tropical cyclone intensity on the 10th, and tropical cyclone Tim was named on 14 March, but neither crossed the coast. The last tropical cyclone for the year was named Zane on 30 April and brought squally showers and areas of heavy rain, but weakened rapidly to a tropical low as it moved westward over the Gulf of Carpentaria.

Waterspouts, tornadoes and severe thunderstorms occurred several times during the year. At least ten tornadoes or waterspouts were reported between 15 and 27 January, especially in the Bundaberg region. Waterspouts were also reported near Burrum Heads on 24 February, the Gold Coast on 7 April and Maroochydore on 9 April, and off North Stradbroke Island on 28 June. Severe thunderstorms caused damage northwest of Warwick on 13 June. There were several outbreaks of thunderstorms through November and December, including severe storms that brought very large hail and damaging squalls. 

The highest annual rainfall was recorded at Bellenden Ker Top Station, with 6991 mm. Babinda and Tully recorded 3801 mm and 3532 mm respectively (all subject to further quality control).

Dry west of the Divide

It was very dry in the northwest and extending into the Northern Territory, along with parts of the central and southern interior extending across the New South Wales border. There were areas of record low rainfall in the northwest, the central and the southern interior. Several sites had their lowest total rainfall on record or their lowest total rainfall for many years. Mt Isa only received 69 mm for the year, its lowest on record (46 years of record), and only 18% of the long-term average of 463 mm. This is the first time Mt Isa has received less than 100 mm of annual rainfall. Tambo had the lowest rainfall on record (133 years of record), receiving only 169.5 mm, 30% below the long term average of 533.9 mm.

In contrast, the east coast of the state south of Bowen to the New South Wales border and parts of far northern Queensland received close to or above average annual rainfall, and some patches received up to twice their average annual total. The rain that fell as a result of ex-tropical cyclone Oswald contributed to most of the rain in these areas, particularly across the Capricorn Coast and Wide Bay districts.

Averaged across the whole state, the 489.89 mm was 21% below the long-term average of 623.4 mm.

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Extremes in 2013
Hottest day 49.0 C at Birdsville Airport on 13 Jan
Warmest days on average 36.3 C at Century Mine
Coolest days on average 21.7 C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 8.4 C at Applethorpe on 25 Jun
Coldest night -5.6 C at Oakey Aero on 21 Aug and Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on 22 Aug
Coolest nights on average 9.2 C at Applethorpe and at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 25.3 C at Coconut Island
Warmest night 34.1 C at Bedourie Police Station on 14 Jan
Warmest on average overall 28.6 C at Coconut Island
Coolest on average overall 15.4 C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 6991mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station*
Wettest day 653.0 mm at Numinbah on 28 Jan
Highest wind gust 128 km/h at Cape Moreton Lighthouse on 27 Jan and on 28 Jan
*Preliminary data, subject to quality control

Maps
Observed Anomaly Decile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

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Record highest daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in 2013 (mm)
Previous annual
wettest
Years of
record
Kilkivan Post Office 242.6 on 27 Jan =242.6 on 10 Jan 1898 129
Duaringa Post Office 256.8 on 26 Jan 219.2 on 20 Dec 1973 127
Bowen Downs 188.8 on 5 Mar 151.0 on 23 Mar 1976 124
Biggenden Post Office 295.8 on 27 Jan 246.4 on 13 Jul 1954 116
Theebine 350.0 on 27 Jan 283.2 on 8 Jan 2011 114
Moonmera 538.2 on 25 Jan 381.0 on 21 Feb 1929 113
Cooyar Post Office 180.0 on 27 Jan 179.6 on 12 Jan 1910 109
Blackbutt Post Office 194.8 on 27 Jan 181.0 on 9 Feb 1999 104
Mundubbera 314.9 on 27 Jan 178.6 on 20 Jan 1929 103
Tarome 297.6 on 28 Jan 247.0 on 27 Jan 1974 103
Weipa Eastern Ave 352.2 on 23 Jan 279.2 on 31 Jan 1982 100
Beau Maison 154.2 on 20 Jan 136.1 on 5 Nov 1938 99
Canungra Finch Road 407.0 on 28 Jan 305.0 on 7 Feb 2010 99
Wooroolin Post Office 210.0 on 27 Jan 142.5 on 20 Jan 1929 98
Kumbia Post Office 203.0 on 27 Jan 146.1 on 28 Dec 1921 96
Tarong 177.0 on 27 Jan 139.7 on 20 Jan 1929 94
Mounefontein 234.4 on 27 Jan 151.1 on 13 Jul 1954 92
Moogerah Dam 293.0 on 28 Jan 243.4 on 8 Feb 1991 90
Boona-Choppa 315.8 on 27 Jan 253.5 on 5 Feb 1931 89
Moorang 321.0 on 28 Jan 243.0 on 27 Jan 1974 88
Numinbah 653.0 on 28 Jan 525.3 on 24 Jan 1947 86
Callemondah Station 346.0 on 26 Jan 330.2 on 12 Feb 1947 83
Booroondarra 229.0 on 25 Jan 208.3 on 17 Feb 1959 82
Malakoff 235.0 on 27 Jan 174.4 on 16 Mar 1992 79
Charnwood 270.6 on 27 Jan 258.6 on 21 Dec 1956 78
Minmore 209.8 on 27 Jan 189.0 on 27 Apr 2001 77
Auburn 150.0 on 27 Jan 129.0 on 23 Apr 1998 75
Rockhampton Aero 348.0 on 25 Jan 271.5 on 20 Dec 1973 75
Dunmore State Forest 163.0 on 28 Jan 133.4 on 21 Jan 1956 74
Monto Township 185.1 on 27 Jan 152.1 on 10 Feb 1942 73
Marodian Homestead 332.4 on 27 Jan 225.0 on 8 Jan 2011 69
Maroon 208.0 on 28 Jan 196.8 on 11 Feb 1976 67
Abercorn 175.0 on 27 Jan 146.3 on 27 Sep 1964 64
Dunollie 230.2 on 27 Jan 178.6 on 13 Jul 1954 64
Bawnduggie 205.0 on 27 Jan 201.9 on 4 Feb 1971 62
Mt Whitestone 148.0 on 28 Jan 139.8 on 27 Jan 1974 62
Top Plains 482.0 on 28 Jan 242.6 on 18 Feb 1959 62
Rhonda 343.6 on 28 Jan 267.8 on 4 Apr 1988 61
Bancroft 172.0 on 26 Jan 148.6 on 22 Jan 1956 60
Brian Pastures 268.6 on 27 Jan 136.4 on 21 Feb 1958 59
Wilsons Peak 244.0 on 28 Jan 243.8 on 10 Feb 1976 59
Wingfield 115.0 on 26 Feb =115.0 on 6 Sep 2010 59
Broadmeadows 478.0 on 25 Jan 372.4 on 26 Mar 1990 58
Warwick Park 311.0 on 25 Jan 241.3 on 8 Feb 1954 58
Gladstone Radar 254.4 on 25 Jan 248.0 on 5 Feb 2003 57
Killara 195.0 on 27 Jan 173.2 on 25 Feb 1977 57
The Head 425.0 on 28 Jan 241.8 on 18 Feb 1959 56
Burilda 211.8 on 28 Jan 193.4 on 14 Feb 1997 55
Glenwood 198.2 on 27 Jan 126.4 on 26 Oct 1995 55
Goondicum 300.8 on 27 Jan 241.4 on 16 Mar 1992 54
Monduran 245.0 on 27 Jan 225.0 on 16 Mar 1992 54
Rowanlea 301.6 on 26 Jan 212.2 on 31 Jan 1978 54
Springs 314.8 on 26 Jan 309.6 on 21 Dec 1973 53
Carfax 202.0 on 25 Jan 177.0 on 30 Dec 1990 52
Hillview 261.2 on 27 Jan 205.0 on 16 Mar 1992 50
Kolonga 302.6 on 27 Jan 221.0 on 16 Mar 1992 50
Maywin Park 160.0 on 25 Jan 155.0 on 11 Feb 2009 49
Wuruma Dam 150.0 on 27 Jan 92.0 on 24 Dec 1997 48
Essex 309.0 on 25 Jan 169.2 on 20 Dec 1973 47
Mandala 315.0 on 28 Jan 150.9 on 18 Feb 1959 46
Talagai 155.0 on 25 Jan =155.0 on 11 Feb 2009 46
Mundagai 210.0 on 20 Jan 143.5 on 7 Dec 1970 45
Toogoom 250.0 on 27 Jan 191.8 on 13 May 1992 45
Urangan Hibiscus St 214.0 on 27 Jan 188.0 on 22 Feb 1976 45
Placid Hills 141.5 on 28 Jan 138.0 on 11 Mar 1982 44
Perseverance Dam 186.4 on 27 Jan 156.0 on 9 Feb 1999 43
Barmount 375.5 on 25 Jan 198.6 on 30 Apr 1983 42
Moyola 131.0 on 27 Jan 123.0 on 9 Feb 1999 42
Ferndale 405.0 on 26 Jan 305.3 on 21 Dec 1973 40
Hinze Dam 318.6 on 28 Jan 307.0 on 11 Feb 1976 39
Cunninghams Gap National Park 223.4 on 27 Jan 187.0 on 3 Nov 1981 38
Embreys Bridge 202.0 on 27 Jan 147.2 on 11 Jan 2011 38
Lovandee 316.8 on 26 Jan 196.2 on 6 Feb 2003 38
Builyan Gum Street 248.6 on 27 Jan 175.2 on 16 Mar 1992 37
Evanston 166.0 on 18 Feb 112.0 on 20 May 1983 37
Cerberus 195.0 on 25 Jan 150.0 on 30 Dec 1990 36
Oakington 240.0 on 28 Jan 142.4 on 11 Jan 2011 36
Bing 268.6 on 26 Jan 187.0 on 6 Feb 2003 33
Maclean Bridge 172.0 on 28 Jan 161.6 on 16 Jan 2004 31
Monogorilby - Home 248.8 on 27 Jan 125.2 on 28 Apr 1983 31
Seventeen Seventy 290.4 on 26 Jan 244.6 on 16 Mar 1992 28
Svendsen Beach 390.6 on 25 Jan 191.8 on 7 Dec 2011 26
Goondiwindi Airport 175.4 on 28 Jan 133.0 on 15 Feb 1997 23
Maryvale 213.4 on 28 Jan 120.4 on 19 Feb 1961 23
Weipa Aero 356.0 on 23 Jan 223.0 on 6 Mar 1996 22
Boondooma Dam 270.0 on 27 Jan 118.0 on 12 Dec 1996 21



Record lowest total annual rainfall
Total rainfall
for 2013 (mm)
Previous annual
driest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Tambo Post Office 169.5 206.5 in 1915 133 533.9
Rosehill 245.0 251.8 in 2002 56 487.6
Fort Constantine Station 118.2 242.9 in 2008 50 473.2
Mount Isa Aero 86.0 161.1 in 1970 46 463.0
Gereta Station 170.9 181.2 in 2002 22 647.6

Lowest total annual rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for 2013 (mm)
Most recent annual
at least this dry
Years since
drier
Annual
average
Blackall Township 191.7 185.1 in 1926* 85 532.9
McKinlay Roadhouse 101.2 69.1 in 1928* 73 400.2
Charleville Aero 220.0 206.4 in 1946* 66 493.5
Injune Post Office 379.0 319.3 in 1957 56 637.6
Croydon Township 334.4 326.5 in 1966* 46 744.2
Richmond Post Office 232.4 201.3 in 1967* 44 476.7
Havelock 285.4 262.1 in 1966* 43 552.7
Boulia Airport 54.8 51.1 in 1963* 42 264.2
Carnarvon Station 467.5 442.8 in 1969* 34 686.6
Mulga Downs 195.8 152.2 in 1982* 30 398.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.



Record highest temperature
Highest temperature
in 2013 (C)
Previous annual
warmest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Cunnamulla Post Office 47.0 on 13 Jan 46.9 on 4 Jan 1973 57 28.1
Quilpie Airport 46.5 on 12 Jan = 46.5 on 4 Jan 1973 57 29.2
Taroom Post Office 44.0 on 30 Dec = 44.0 on 6 Jan 1994 57 28.2
Injune Post Office 44.1 on 30 Dec 43.8 on 28 Jan 1980 47 27.5
Windorah Post Office 47.6 on 12 Jan 47.1 on 22 Dec 1990 47 30.5
Roma Airport 45.5 on 30 Dec 44.0 on 6 Jan 1994 22 27.7
Warwick 40.4 on 29 Dec 40.2 on 17 Dec 2012 20 24.5



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for 2013 (C)
Previous annual
warmest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Camooweal Township 35.1 35.0 in 2002 102 32.9
Cunnamulla Post Office 30.2 30.1 in 2005 101 28.1
Barcaldine Post Office 31.8 = 31.8 in 1915 93 30.1
Mitchell Post Office 29.7 = 29.7 in 2002 93 27.5
Charleville Aero 30.3 30.1 in 2005 70 28.0
Mount Isa Aero 34.2 33.6 in 2002 46 31.8
Bundaberg Aero 27.6 27.5 in 2002 33 26.6
Roma Airport 29.5 29.2 in 2009 20 27.7



Record highest daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in 2013 (C)
Previous annual
warmest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Longreach Aero 30.7 on 30 Dec 30.6 on 4 Feb 1968 48 15.8
Warwick 25.3 on 14 Jan 23.7 on 8 Dec 2005 20 10.4



Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for 2013 (C)
Previous annual
warmest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Croydon Township 21.9 = 21.9 in 1915 77 20.3



Record highest annual mean temperature
Mean daily
temperature
for 2013 (C)
Previous annual
warmest
Years of
record
Annual
average
Richmond Post Office 26.6 26.4 in 1998 113 24.7
Cunnamulla Post Office 22.8 22.7 in 2005 101 21.1
Camooweal Township 27.3 27.1 in 1988 100 25.2
Barcaldine Post Office 24.7 24.6 in 2005 90 23.2
Windorah Post Office 25.1 = 25.1 in 2005 74 23.2
Mount Isa Aero 26.0 = 26.0 in 1988 46 24.5




Month by month

January saw extreme heat in the west and extreme rainfall and flooding on the coast.

  • The national heatwave continued, including parts of western Queensland (see Special Climate Statement 43)
  • Warmest January on record with a mean temperature of 30.74 C
  • A new state January temperature record of 49.0 C, the state’s highest temperature since December 1972, was set at Birdsville
  • Birdsville had a run of 31 consecutive days of 40 C or above, a site record and the equal-longest such run on record for Queensland
  • Ex-tropical cyclone Oswald moved south and produced heavy rainfall in the region between Rockhampton and Bundaberg, and in the ranges along the New South Wales/Queensland border (see Special Climate Statement 44 and the Flood Report)
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
Rainfall rank Maximum temperature rank Minimum temperature rank
February was dry in the north and the central interior, but wet in the southeast and the western interior
  • Wetter than normal across the south east of the state, and parts of the western interior
  • East coast lows caused storm damage and coastal erosion between the central New South Wales coast and southeast Queensland from the 23rd to 26th
  • Drier than usual across the north and much of the central interior
  • Cooler than normal maximum temperatures over the southern half of the state, warmer than average in the north west
  • Cooler than normal minimum temperatures across most of the state, apart from the far northern districts
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

March had cool days in the southeast, but was particularly warm in the west.

  • Above average rainfall in the far north, southwest, pockets of the east coast and parts of the southern interior
  • Drier than usual across the central interior and parts of the Gulf Country
  • Cool days in the southeast, warm in the west - and up to 4 C above average in the northwest
  • Warmer nights in the west, cooler nights over the central coast and adjacent inland
  • Two tropical cyclones: Sandra (named on the 7th) and Tim (named on the 14th), but no coastal crossings
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

April was wetter than usual across the southern Peninsula and adjacent inland, but dry over the southern interior and western districts. 

  • Warmer than usual maximum temperatures
  • Close to average minimum temperatures
  • Hot daytime temperatures were experienced in the west, with Urandangi reaching 40 C on the 22nd.
  • Heavy rainfall at the start of the month across the north tropical coast
  • Tropical cyclone Zane named on the 30th
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May brought above-average rain to southwest and central districts and the Gulf Country. Overnight temperatures were above average in most areas.
  • Above average rainfall in the south-west, central and Gulf Country and below average in the south-east coast and top of the Peninsula
  • Above average maximum temperatures in the far south-west, Gulf Country and western Peninsula
  • Above average minimum temperatures for most of the state except for the southeast
  • Tropical cyclone Zane weakened rapidly to a tropical low as it traversed westward and passed over the Peninsula district on the 2nd
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June was wet in the southeast, but dry across the rest of the state. Temperatures were above average in most districts.
  • Nearly 70% of the state recorded below average rainfall
  • Rainfall in the southeast corner of the state was above average
  • Warmer than usual nights across most of the state, except the Capricorn Coast and Central Highlands districts
  • Warmer days in the northwest quarter of the state, cooler over the southeast quarter
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

July was warm and mostly dry.

  • Mean temperature was 3rd warmest on record
  • Mean maximum temperature was 4th warmest on record
  • Mean minimum temperature was 6th warmest on record
  • Rain patchy and below average south of Townsville
  • Above average rain in the north
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August was dry across most of the state, with warm days.
  • Second-highest mean maximum temperature for August with 27.77 C (the highest was in 2009 with 29.27 C)
  • Minimum temperatures close to average
  • Fifth-driest August on record, with most of the state having no rain
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September was the hottest on record for Queensland.
  • Exceptionally warm start to spring (see Special Climate Statement 46)
  • About 30% of Queensland had its hottest September day on record on the 26th
  • Mean maximum temperature the highest on record for September
  • Mean temperature anomaly of 3.12 C (above the long-term average) was the highest for any month
  • Numerous temperature records broken at many locations  
  • Rainfall below average apart from the far north
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October saw a continuation of hot and dry conditions.
  • Second-warmest October mean maximum temperature
  • Third-highest October mean temperature
  • Drier than usual in almost all areas
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November was wet with warm nights in the north, and warm days in the south
  • Numerous and repeated outbreaks of severe thunderstorms
  • Several daily and monthly rainfall records broken
  • Daily rain of 267 mm at Bowen Airport on the 23rd
  • No rain reported at Boulia Airport
  • Warm days in the south, cool days in parts of the north
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December had the third-lowest rainfall on record, and the lowest since 1938
  • Extreme heat affected the state at the end of the month
  • A dry month, with numerous low rainfall records
  • 68% below the mean December rainfall statewide
  • Hottest day was at Windorah with 47.3 C on the 29th
Map of decile rank of rainfall Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature



Summary statistics for 2013
Maximum temperatures
(C)
Minimum temperatures
(C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2013
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2013
Mean
for
2013
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2013
Total
for
2013
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2013
Fraction
of annual
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 31.9 +0.6 36.2 3 Jan 25.3 +0.1 22.2 7 Sep 1229.6 1469.7 low 84%
Coen Airport 32.1 +0.5 38.8 8 Oct 20.9 0.0 11.2 11 Aug 1202.4 1131.7 average 106%
Horn Island 30.8 +0.4 34.2 7 Dec 24.8 +0.3 19.5 21 Aug 1829.2 1827.5 average 100%
Scherger RAAF 33.4   39.5 14 Oct 22.0   14.8 9 Aug 2033.8
Weipa Aero 33.2 +0.5 38.8 9 Oct 22.3 +0.4 15.1 10 Aug
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 30.3 +0.5 37.0 30 Jan 22.7 +0.7 12.7 9 Aug 1588.6 2071.5 low 77%
Palmerville 32.9 +0.2 40.1 8 Oct 19.1 +0.1 8.8 2 Jul 1166.8 1040.9 average 112%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 34.1 +1.0 42.0 15 Nov 21.1 +0.5 10.3 7 Aug 643.4 829.4 average 78%
Century Mine 36.3   44.1 27 Jan 19.9 +0.4 7.2 5 Aug 176.4 639.2 v low 28%
Cloncurry Airport 35.0 +1.9 45.5 14 Jan 20.3 +1.6 6.8 23 Jun 165.8 524.2 low 32%
Croydon Township 34.6 +0.8 41.6 31 Oct 21.9 +1.6 8.4 25 Jul 334.4 744.2 v low 45%
Kowanyama Airport 33.8 +0.6 40.2 9 Oct 21.5 +0.7 9.5 3 Jul 1036.4 1257.8 low 82%
Mount Isa Aero 34.2 +2.4 43.9 31 Dec 17.7 +0.5 2.3 7 Aug 86.0 463.0 lowest 19%
Normanton Airport 34.4 +0.9 42.3 31 Oct 22.3 +0.7 12.5 25 Jul 759.0 831.0 average 91%
Sweers Island 30.8 +0.5 37.9 31 Oct 24.3 +1.1 14.3 3 Jul 981.0 1311.8 low 75%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 33.6   41.2 30 Dec 19.6   5.9 8 Aug 549.6 870.8 low 63%
Hughenden Airport 33.7 +1.8 43.3 14 Jan     2.2 19 Jun 129.6 489.9 v low 26%
Richmond Airport 34.8 +1.8 43.9 31 Dec 17.9 +1.0 3.0 19 Jun 219.0 467.7 v low 47%
Richmond Post Office 34.6 +1.8 43.6 31 Dec 18.6 +1.9 3.4 5 Aug 232.4 476.7 low 49%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 29.6 +0.6 38.6 29 Jan 21.1 +0.3 10.0 2 Jul 1268.0 2003.6 v low 63%
Cape Flattery 30.1 +0.3 38.7 30 Jan 23.5 +0.3 13.7 9 Aug 1024.6 1535.6 low 67%
Cooktown Airport 29.8 +0.3 38.6 30 Jan 22.1 +0.2 9.5 2 Jul 1176.6 1454.7 low 81%
Low Isles Lighthouse 29.6 +0.2 37.1 29 Jan 23.4 0.0 18.3 9 Aug 1489.4 2120.2 low 70%
Mareeba Airport 29.2 +0.4 37.6 10 Jan 17.9 +0.1 6.7 3 Jul 909.2 895.2 average 102%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 28.2 -0.5 39.7 25 Jan 20.6 +1.7 10.6 2 Jul 1593.5 2113.6 low 75%
Ingham Composite 29.7 +0.5 39.4 27 Jan     6.6 25 Jul 1727.3 2167.5 average 80%
Innisfail 28.3 +0.4 38.1 27 Jan 20.7 +1.4 11.3 2 Jul 3165.3 3569.5 low 89%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 28.5 +0.4 38.7 29 Jan 20.0 +0.8 9.4 2 Jul 3204.6 3299.8 average 97%
Townsville Aero 29.7 +0.8 38.3 27 Jan 20.5 +0.7 8.7 9 Aug 714.6 1146.2 low 62%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 28.2 -0.1 37.2 2 Feb 20.8 +0.4 9.0 25 Jul 864.6 1001.9 average 86%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 29.6 +0.5 36.8 27 Jan 18.6 +0.7 7.7 2 Jul 584.2 968.4 low 60%
Bowen Airport 28.6 0.0 37.3 2 Feb 19.4 0.0 6.4 10 Aug 1053.6 900.1 high 117%
Collinsville Post Office 30.9 +0.8 40.0 30 Dec 16.8 +0.5 4.4 16 Jun 647.1 710.6 average 91%
Hamilton Island Airport 26.6 +0.3 33.2 29 Jan 21.9 +0.2 15.8 1 Jul 1687.8 1533.7 average 110%
Mackay Aero 27.9 +0.8 36.9 28 Jan 18.4 +0.6 7.0 24 Jun
Mackay M.O 27.2 +0.8 35.5 28 Jan 19.7 +0.7 9.6 24 Jun 1806.3 1628.1 high 111%
Proserpine Airport 29.2 +0.5 38.1 28 Jan 17.7 +0.1 4.5 10 Aug 1353.6 1446.9 average 94%
Samuel Hill Aero 27.3 +0.2 36.0 20 Nov 16.3 +0.5 3.2 22 Aug 2217.6 1510.9 high 147%
St Lawrence 28.5   37.7 8 Oct 17.4   3.8 22 Aug 1020.0 1030.8 average 99%
Williamson 28.2   35.7 28 Jan 17.1   1.6 22 Aug 1154.8
Woolshed 26.6 +0.8 34.1 6 Dec 17.1 +0.6 5.3 16 Jun 863.2 1116.8 average 77%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 26.0 +0.2 35.1 20 Nov 18.8 +0.4 5.3 22 Aug
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 31.1 +0.9 41.8 31 Dec 17.6 0.0 5.8 16 Jun 411.5 674.0 average 61%
Moranbah Airport 30.5   42.7 31 Dec 15.2   0.9 24 Jun 590.4
Central Highlands (district 35)
Clermont Airport 30.0   44.3 31 Dec 14.5   -1.3 24 Jun 400.2
Emerald Airport 30.2 +0.6 42.7 31 Dec 16.0 -0.2 4.4 22 Jun 463.4 562.6 average 82%
Lochington 30.6   44.0 30 Dec 14.6   0.0 23 Jun 386.4
Rolleston Airport 30.1   43.2 30 Dec 14.1   -0.3 22 Aug 403.8
Springsure Comet St 29.3 +0.5 42.1 30 Dec 14.7 +0.4 1.3 24 Jul 538.9 688.4 average 78%
Tambo Post Office 30.6 +1.6 43.3 30 Dec 13.4 +0.8 -1.9 22 Aug 169.5 533.9 lowest 32%
Taroom Post Office 29.8 +1.6 44.0 30 Dec 14.0 +0.4 -2.5 25 Jun 527.4 675.1 low 78%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 31.8 +1.7 44.1 10 Jan 17.7 +1.4 3.7 23 Jun 187.6 501.5 v low 37%
Blackall Airport 31.8 +1.6 45.4 30 Dec 15.5 +0.2 -1.3 22 Aug 193.4 556.9 v low 35%
Isisford Post Office 32.5 +1.7 46.6 30 Dec 16.7 +1.2 1.7 24 Jun 294.5 451.1 low 65%
Longreach Aero 32.9 +1.5 46.2 10 Jan 16.6 +0.8 0.5 23 Jun 279.0 450.5 low 62%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 35.1 +2.2 43.9 25 Jan 19.4 +1.8 3.4 25 Jul 165.0 399.0 v low 41%
The Monument Airport 33.8 +1.7 45.2 30 Dec 17.8 +1.2 1.7 23 Jun 237.8 303.6 low 78%
Trepell Airport 34.3 +1.8 46.8 14 Jan 18.1 +1.1 3.5 24 Jul 71.4 317.8 v low 22%
Urandangi Aerodrome 35.1   47.2 30 Dec 17.1   0.5 23 Jul 84.0
Winton Airport 34.4 +1.9 46.9 10 Jan 18.2 +1.5 2.8 22 Jun 141.6 382.3 v low 37%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 32.8 +1.4 49.0 13 Jan 17.2 +0.5 3.5 22 Jul 74.2 132.2 low 56%
Windorah Post Office 32.8 +2.3 47.6 12 Jan 17.4 +1.6 3.2 24 Jun 94.9 291.5 v low 33%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 27.6 +1.0 35.4 29 Jan 16.4 0.0 3.3 22 Aug 1223.2 1036.5 high 118%
Gayndah Airport 29.1 +0.6 41.0 29 Dec 14.5 +0.2 0.8 23 Aug 910.6 628.6 v high 145%
Gladstone Airport 27.7 +0.5 34.8 29 Dec 18.3 +0.3 6.0 22 Aug 1412.6 851.0 v high 166%
Gladstone Radar 28.3 +0.6 37.2 31 Dec 19.0 +0.5 10.3 23 Aug 1446.4 894.1 v high 162%
Lady Elliot Island 26.1 +0.5 31.3 29 Jan 21.1 +0.4 8.4 22 Aug 945.2 1145.4 low 83%
Monto Township 28.0 +0.7 40.5 30 Dec 13.5 +0.6 -1.3 22 Aug 1033.6 743.1 v high 139%
Rockhampton Aero 29.1 +0.8 41.5 30 Dec 17.8 +1.2 4.8 22 Aug 1213.6 811.9 v high 149%
Seventeen Seventy 26.0 +0.3 32.8 31 Jan 18.9 +0.1 10.4 24 Jul 1524.6 1185.3 high 129%
Thangool Airport 28.8 -0.3 40.0 30 Dec 13.1 -0.1 -0.3 23 Aug 893.6 667.9 high 134%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 27.4 +0.7 40.4 29 Dec 13.1 0.0 -1.4 21 Aug 986.8 863.5 average 114%
Archerfield Airport 27.0 +0.8 37.4 19 Jan 14.9 +0.6 3.0 22 Aug 1067.4 1067.8 average 100%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 26.8   40.7 29 Dec 13.0   -1.2 21 Aug 1012.6
Beerburrum Forest Station 26.8 +0.4 39.3 29 Dec 14.9 +0.2 3.4 23 Aug 1695.8 1426.3 high 119%
Brisbane 26.6 +0.2 35.5 5 Dec 16.5 +0.3 5.7 25 Jun 1110.4 1006.7 average 110%
Brisbane Aero 25.3 0.0 32.4 2 Jan 16.1 +0.5 4.1 21 Aug 1209.3 1072.5 high 113%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 24.3 +1.1 30.6 2 Feb 18.8 +0.8 10.0 21 Aug
Coolangatta 25.4 +0.8 34.8 7 Oct 16.0 +0.1 2.7 23 Aug 1832.4 1530.1 high 120%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 25.6 +1.4 34.4 14 Jan 19.3 +0.6 10.3 21 Aug 1299.2 1377.7 average 94%
Gold Coast Seaway 25.7 +0.5 35.6 7 Oct 17.5 +0.3 5.6 21 Aug 1519.8 1299.5 high 117%
Gympie 27.2 0.0 39.8 29 Dec 14.4 +0.8 -0.3 22 Aug 1404.6 1129.4 high 124%
Hervey Bay Airport 26.6 +0.4 34.7 2 Feb 16.7 0.0 2.2 22 Aug 1090.2 1109.0 average 98%
Kingaroy Airport 25.8 +0.1 39.1 29 Dec 11.4 +0.2 -4.4 22 Aug 946.6 669.4 high 141%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 26.3 +0.4 40.0 29 Dec 15.8 +0.8 4.3 22 Aug 1395.2 1108.3 high 126%
Maleny Tamarind St 23.5 +0.3 38.2 29 Dec 14.8 +0.6 4.6 21 Aug 2471.4 2001.8 high 123%
Maryborough 27.7 +0.8 36.8 29 Jan 15.6 +0.3 1.3 22 Aug 1288.4 1143.3 average 113%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 26.2   39.1 29 Dec 15.9   4.8 23 Aug 1831.6
Rainbow Beach 25.7 +0.3 34.2 29 Dec       1643.2 1496.3 average 110%
Redcliffe 25.2   34.4 5 Dec 17.1   6.3 22 Aug 1140.4
Sunshine Coast Airport 26.1 +0.9 35.8 5 Dec 15.9 +0.1 1.9 22 Aug 1707.4 1498.6 high 114%
Tewantin RSL Park 25.6 +0.4 36.5 5 Dec 17.3 +0.4 6.0 21 Aug 1683.2 1630.6 average 103%
Toolara (Kelly) 27.1 +0.1 39.7 29 Dec 16.6 +0.2 7.1 22 Aug 1362.2 1314.8 average 104%
University of Queensland Gatton 27.6 +0.8 41.5 29 Dec 13.4 +0.4 0.3 25 Jun 856.0 774.1 average 111%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 21.7 +1.0 36.0 29 Dec 9.2 +0.2 -4.3 22 Aug 779.6 763.8 average 102%
Dalby Airport 27.2 +0.5 41.4 29 Dec 11.8 -0.1 -4.2 21 Aug 571.2 621.4 average 92%
Goondiwindi Airport 28.1 +0.9 43.6 29 Dec 13.1 +0.3 -1.4 22 Aug 668.1 628.4 average 106%
Oakey Aero 26.2 +0.8 40.3 29 Dec 10.9 0.0 -5.6 21 Aug 630.5 630.4 average 100%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 22.3 +0.6 37.0 29 Dec 9.2 +0.4 -5.6 22 Aug 794.3 767.4 average 104%
Texas Post Office 27.3 +0.4 42.2 29 Dec 11.8 +0.4 -2.8 21 Aug 684.8 660.3 average 104%
Toowoomba Airport 23.2 +0.2 38.3 29 Dec 12.8 +0.3 -0.1 21 Aug 1079.0 736.1 high 147%
Warwick 24.9 +0.4 40.4 29 Dec 10.6 +0.2 -4.5 21 Aug
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 28.4 +0.8 43.8 29 Dec 12.8 -0.1 -3.4 22 Aug 605.2 550.3 high 110%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 29.1 +1.6 44.1 30 Dec 12.2 +0.4 -2.2 22 Aug 379.0 637.6 v low 59%
Mitchell Post Office 29.7 +2.2 44.9 29 Nov 12.1 +0.4 -3.1 22 Aug 307.9 570.3 v low 54%
Roma Airport 29.5 +1.8 45.5 30 Dec     -4.1 21 Aug 339.8 587.7 v low 58%
St George Airport 29.1 +1.3 45.5 29 Dec 13.8 +0.1 -1.0 21 Aug 278.2 506.3 v low 55%
Surat 28.9 +1.1 43.7 29 Dec 13.4 +0.4 -2.8 22 Aug 392.4 578.0 low 68%
Warrego (district 44)
Charleville Aero 30.3 +2.3 46.0 29 Dec 14.2 +0.7 -1.3 22 Aug 220.0 493.5 v low 45%
Cunnamulla Post Office 30.2 +2.1 47.0 13 Jan 15.4 +1.2 2.5 19 Jun 174.2 376.6 v low 46%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Thargomindah Airport 30.8 +1.3 48.8 13 Jan 16.3 +0.2 2.6 22 Aug 204.2 281.3 average 73%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Middle Percy Island 25.5 +0.6 32.6 29 Jan 20.2 +0.1 13.7 1 Jul 1292.2 1271.3 average 102%
Willis Island 28.7 +0.1 32.8 2 Feb 24.4 +0.4 19.8 7 Sep 1247.0 1119.6 average 111%

Notes

A Annual Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 6 pm on Wednesday 1 January 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 9 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.