Queensland in 2019: record warm days and very dry in the southeast; flooding in the north and west

Rainfall in 2019 was above average in the northern tropics and northwest, and below average in the southeastern quarter of the State. Large areas of inland southeast Queensland had their driest year on record. Temperatures were more than a degree warmer than average for the mean, maximum and minimum temperatures, with record warm days persisting in the southeastern quarter of Queensland.

A number of tropical systems affected Queensland at the start of the year, including tropical cyclones Penny and Trevor, and significant flooding occurred in and around Townsville in late January to early February. Extensive and long-lived flooding lasted from February into April in the Gulf Country and western Queensland.

Rainfall above average in the northern tropics and northwest; very dry in the southeastern quarter

  • Annual rainfall was 20% below average for Queensland overall, with above average annual rainfall in the northern tropics and northwest, but well below average annual rainfall in the southeastern quarter of the State
  • Tropical cyclone Penny made landfall on 1 January, then an active monsoon trough and low pressure system produced record high rainfall and widespread flooding in the northern tropics and northwest in late January and early February, as discussed in the Special Climate Statement An extended period of heavy rainfall and flooding in tropical Queensland
  • In contrast, January and February were record dry over large areas of the southeastern quarter of the State
  • Tropical cyclone Trevor produced moderate to heavy rainfall that led to flooding from western to central Queensland in March, and flooding continued in western rivers into April, and some sites had their highest daily rainfall on record
  • In April, areas in the Darling Downs and Granite Belt reported rainfall totals in the lowest 10% of records, with the dry pattern continuing into May, and extending into southern inland Queensland by June
  • From July to December, much of southern Queensland had below average rainfall, with large areas of the Warrego, Maranoa, Darling Downs and Granite Belt reporting their driest July to December on record
  • It was the second-driest December on record for Queensland as a whole
  • Large areas of inland southeast Queensland were persistently dry, with many sites reporting their driest year on record

Record warm days in the southeast; warm nights overall in southern and northwest Queensland

  • Queensland's mean temperature for the year was 1.27 °C above average, and the sixth-warmest on record for the State as a whole
  • Queensland's mean maximum temperature for the year was 1.46 °C above average, and the fifth-warmest on record for Queensland
  • Queensland's mean minimum temperature for the year was 1.09 °C above average, and the twelfth-warmest on record
  • Many sites, mostly in the southeast, had their highest mean daily maximum temperature on record or their highest mean temperature on record
  • A delayed onset to the 2018–19 monsoon saw an extended period of hot days in the northwest, with both Cloncurry and Camooweal reporting a record run of days at or above 40 °C
  • Very hot days were common in western Queensland during January as an extended heatwave affected much of the country, as discussed in the Special Climate Statement Widespread heatwaves during December 2018 and January 2019
  • It was Queensland's warmest January on record with the mean temperature 2.46 °C above average and the January mean minimum temperature also record high at 2.53 °C above average
  • Very hot days and very warm nights were recorded in the first three weeks of March in southeast Queensland, and it was the first time a site had recorded a March day at or above 40 °C in the South East Coast District
  • In early September, areas of southeast Queensland had warmer than average daytime temperatures, very low humidity, and gusty winds leading to dangerous fire weather conditions, as detailed in the Special Climate Statement Severe fire weather conditions in southeast Queensland and northeast New South Wales in September 2019
  • In spring, very warm mean maximum temperatures were recorded across most of the State and a very dry landscape led to a continuation of dangerous fire weather conditions right through spring and into December, as detailed in the Special Climate Statement Dangerous bushfire weather and heat in spring 2019
  • It was Queensland's warmest December on record with a mean temperature 2.74 °C above average, and the December mean maximum temperature for Queensland was also the highest on record, at 3.65 °C above average
  • Cold nights at the end of May saw several sites in the Darling Downs and Granite Belt including Stanthorpe, Applethorpe, Oakey, Warwick and Dalby all report their coldest May temperature on record on 31 May. Stanthorpe dropped to -6.9 °C, the lowest temperature ever recorded in Queensland during May
  • Overnight temperatures were above average in most areas overall in 2019, but cool nights were reported in the northern tropics from September to November

Further information

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Extremes in 2019
Hottest day 49.3 °C at Birdsville Airport on 24 December
Warmest days on average 35.1 °C at Century Mine
Coolest days on average 23.8 °C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 7.0 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on 4 June
Coldest night -7.0 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on 19 July
Coolest nights on average 8.8 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 25.1 °C at Coconut Island
Warmest night 35.1 °C at Ballera Gas Field on 26 January
Warmest on average overall 28.9 °C at Coconut Island
Coolest on average overall 16.5 °C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 3703.1 mm at Babinda Post Office
Driest overall 40.4 mm at Birdsville Airport
Wettest day 562.0 mm at Mossman Central Mill on 27 January
Strongest wind gust 137 km/h at Lockhart River Airport on 19 March

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Bunda Bunda 177.0 on 6 Feb 176.3 on 26 Jan 1917 121
Manfred Downs Station 310.0 on 5 Feb 274.0 on 11 Feb 2009 104
Lands End Station 285.0 on 4 Feb 197.1 on 14 Jan 1991 100
Meringa Sugar Exp Stn 494.0 on 29 Jan 474.2 on 12 Mar 1967 86
Werrina Station 240.0 on 5 Feb 149.6 on 24 May 1955 75
Talagai 169.2 on 16 Mar 155.0 on 25 Jan 2013 52
Horseshoe Bend 325.2 on 3 Feb 323.2 on 24 Mar 1997 48
Gairloch 400.0 on 3 Feb 398.0 on 16 Dec 2018 26
Richmond Airport 123.0 on 6 Feb 113.8 on 17 Jan 2015 22
Woolshed 368.8 on 2 Feb 314.2 on 3 Feb 2011 22
The Monument Airport 158.8 on 27 Mar 104.6 on 14 Feb 2010 20



Record highest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Malvie Downs Station 694.2 682.8 in 2009 25 396.7
Woolshed 2704.2 1908.8 in 2010 20 1150.9



Record lowest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 256.8 368.2 in 1957 139 762.1
Surat 157.8 166.5 in 1915 139 572.9
Mitchell Post Office 193.1 236.4 in 1946 136 567.9
Bollon Mary St 121.0 180.5 in 1946 133 460.4
Glenelg 152.0 357.1 in 1918 133 666.6
Texas Post Office 163.3 308.7 in 1902 129 654.1
Esk Post Office 267.0 410.3 in 1993 126 924.8
Morven Post Office 177.4 237.6 in 1888 126 531.4
Wallangarra Post Office 267.2 269.1 in 1902 124 779.7
Lowood Don St 343.5 361.1 in 1902 123 811.5
Mt Perry The Pines 378.7 397.4 in 1902 123 935.0
Dalveen 327.8 428.7 in 1957 122 853.5
Yaamba 292.4 372.0 in 1982 119 842.1
University of Queensland Gatton 230.0 354.5 in 1993 118 765.6
Harrisville Mary Street 277.7 357.3 in 1926 115 790.8
Mulga Downs 58.7 129.9 in 1944 112 392.4
Gatton Allan Street 216.2 328.9 in 1993 111 768.6
Woodlands 153.0 200.5 in 2006 108 507.2
Warroo Station 192.6 324.1 in 1915 102 652.3
Wondalli 179.0 307.7 in 1915 102 599.5
Kinnoul 213.6 279.9 in 1919 101 631.3
Bell Police 242.8 371.7 in 1957 99 652.6
Bingera Sugar Mill 280.3 361.4 in 1919 99 1015.6
Yarraman Post Office 250.6 386.6 in 1977 98 807.7
Leslie Dam 220.4 323.2 in 1953 97 658.8
Lindfield 497.1 541.6 in 1977 97 1061.5
Coominya Post Office 355.8 365.6 in 1919 94 817.0
Injune Post Office 284.8 319.3 in 1957 94 631.6
Hornet Bank Homestead 204.6 309.7 in 1957 90 654.3
Warragai 206.2 339.6 in 2006 90 692.7
Thangool Airport 207.4 329.1 in 1957 85 660.5
Glenorie 214.7 216.6 in 1929 84 466.2
Marnhull 279.2 282.9 in 1915 79 616.7
Rockhampton Aero 295.8 360.0 in 2002 79 808.5
Somerset Dam 431.6 511.8 in 1993 77 976.6
Amberley AMO 334.8 391.8 in 2000 75 855.2
Glenlands 210.3 306.9 in 1957 75 788.9
Lady Elliot Island 370.8 652.5 in 1946 75 1112.0
Meandarra Post Office 145.9 288.1 in 2006 70 564.0
Lanark 202.5 314.8 in 2006 69 660.1
Walla Alert-B 330.8 378.6 in 1957 69 914.1
Glen Harding 350.0 399.8 in 1982 68 758.5
Cardbeign 244.0 329.8 in 1994 67 657.6
Dunollie 277.6 304.5 in 1957 67 697.0
Ellangowan 143.2 363.5 in 1957 66 681.6
Nindigully 99.0 213.3 in 2002 66 506.3
Mt Alford 297.8 356.4 in 1918 65 927.8
Glenroy Massie 219.0 409.4 in 2002 61 660.6
Killara 284.9 347.0 in 2006 60 657.8
Redbank 169.1 426.0 in 2000 60 644.0
Queen Mary Falls 473.2 702.0 in 1966 59 1190.3
Woodspring 94.8 402.7 in 1960 59 632.0
Broadmeadows 328.4 436.6 in 1957 58 970.8
Whyenbah 79.3 192.2 in 1902 58 444.5
Bundaberg Aero 319.8 488.2 in 2001 57 1009.5
Mount Kroombit 298.5 329.7 in 1957 56 647.2
Ehlma Park 181.2 291.9 in 2006 55 609.6
Namarah 124.4 277.8 in 1980 52 559.4
Springs 425.4 552.6 in 1965 52 1005.5
Oakey Aero 169.6 335.0 in 1994 49 609.1
Macalister 200.0 313.8 in 2006 48 635.1
Applethorpe 258.6 433.8 in 2000 47 749.5
Maroon Dam 396.3 516.2 in 2002 46 903.8
Cooranga North 263.5 424.8 in 1993 44 643.0
Miami Bardon Ave 694.6 821.0 in 1986 44 1511.2
Coolmunda Dam 196.8 403.3 in 1979 42 598.4
Mt Moffatt National Park 403.2 435.7 in 1969 42 704.1
Oakington 223.6 459.1 in 1994 41 769.0
Ferndale 397.4 608.4 in 2018 38 990.4
Greenbank Thompson Road 499.0 502.4 in 2000 38 932.3
Moyola 296.9 342.0 in 1994 38 686.9
Childers South 307.2 594.6 in 1997 37 882.9
Yantumara 312.1 409.6 in 1993 36 668.5
Girraween Nat Park 269.9 526.4 in 2002 34 792.2
Roma Airport 197.4 299.8 in 2006 33 562.7
Woodgate Store 349.0 562.2 in 1997 33 992.9
Carneys Creek The Ranch 422.8 650.6 in 1994 32 1029.8
Cunninghams Gap National Park 337.1 629.6 in 2002 32 999.7
Traighli 142.1 371.9 in 1993 29 614.8
Brampton Vale 800.5 807.2 in 1987 28 1391.2
Dalby Airport 168.4 421.0 in 2006 28 587.6
Seventeen Seventy 598.5 641.8 in 2001 27 1141.9
Lauriedale 219.4 374.5 in 2006 26 578.3
Rainbow Beach 855.0 911.9 in 2001 26 1445.0
Wivenhoe Dam 280.4 432.4 in 2016 25 702.7
Emerald Airport 264.0 284.1 in 2001 24 543.4
Horn Island 1236.2 1244.2 in 2002 23 1767.4
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 634.7 653.3 in 2000 23 1066.9
Springfield 168.6 255.3 in 2013 23 527.8
Brisbane Aero 601.0 612.2 in 2006 22 1016.2
Felton 150.8 376.4 in 2000 22 622.0
Fraser Island Eurong 878.6 1036.6 in 1991 22 1541.5
Hazeldean 294.4 450.0 in 1994 22 828.9
Lovandee 355.3 564.6 in 2018 22 935.0
Beardy Junction 183.4 363.8 in 2018 21 658.3
Finsbury Park 175.0 341.9 in 2013 21 615.2
Toowoomba Airport 330.0 433.4 in 2009 21 699.6
St George Airport 104.2 201.2 in 2006 20 459.1

Lowest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Annual
average
Jondaryan Post Office 293.4 262.9 in 1902* 634.5
Camboon Station 307.0 275.4 in 1902* 685.3
Taroom Post Office 246.6 243.0 in 1902* 668.0
Woleebee Nevasa 258.4 210.6 in 1919* 600.5
Woorarra 304.6 304.4 in 1948* 595.3
Jingi Jingi 291.8 289.2 in 1951* 653.2
Abercorn 358.7 341.9 in 1957* 680.3
Alderley 578.5 573.4 in 1957* 1141.8
Kenilworth Township 674.3 618.6 in 1957* 1286.2
Maryborough 554.8 452.8 in 1957* 1134.0
Gympie 548.4 457.7 in 1957* 1119.6
Goomboorian 650.5 556.8 in 1957* 1225.6
Mount Larcom Post Office 427.3 292.6 in 1957* 889.5
Pacific Heights 592.4 517.6 in 1957* 1301.3
Jambin Post Office 269.5 225.8 in 1957* 684.4
La Palma 255.4 200.7 in 1957* 605.1
Moonmera 331.9 270.0 in 1957* 780.0
Mount Joseph 422.8 396.8 in 1957* 962.0
Peachester 831.0 793.7 in 1957* 1712.4
Highvale 569.2 556.6 in 1957* 1153.2
Monto Township 425.4 312.6 in 1957* 736.6
Herbert Vale 176.0 144.8 in 1905* 470.3
Eumundi - Crescent Rd 1050.2 947.1 in 1960* 1676.6
Cania Gorge Park 458.7 300.5 in 1957* 709.8
Teddington Waterworks 619.5 559.9 in 1979* 1073.3
Beerburrum Forest Station 865.0 850.8 in 1977* 1410.9
Coolangatta 825.6 792.6 in 1986* 1480.4
Wamuran 763.6 723.3 in 1977* 1249.2
Burketown Post Office 360.8 352.4 in 1990* 781.5
Mapleton Post Office 1108.2 913.2 in 1977* 1808.6
Kenilworth 197.0 152.4 in 1985* 454.4
Embreys Bridge 277.3 257.0 in 1977* 681.7
Capalaba Water Treat 660.7 642.2 in 1986* 1191.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 36.0 on 22 Dec 34.7 on 9 Mar 1995 63 25.9
Double Island Point Lighthouse 37.3 on 16 Dec = 37.3 on 5 Dec 2002 61 24.3
Kowanyama Airport 41.9 on 3 Dec 41.0 on 12 Dec 2002 55 33.3
Lucinda Point 38.5 on 20 Feb 37.0 on 7 Jan 1994 35 27.1
Rainbow Beach 37.2 on 16 Dec = 37.2 on 12 Jan 2002 28 25.5
Bedourie 47.6 on 24 Dec 47.3 on 2 Jan 2014 22 31.9
Richmond Airport 45.1 on 26 Dec 45.0 on 21 Dec 2018 22 33.4
Birdsville Airport 49.3 on 24 Dec 49.0 on 13 Jan 2013 20 31.6



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
University of Queensland Gatton 29.7 28.9 in 2002 89 26.9
Rockhampton Aero 30.1 30.0 in 2018 79 28.4
Amberley AMO 29.3 28.3 in 2002 77 26.8
Double Island Point Lighthouse 26.0 = 26.0 in 1996 72 24.3
Surat 29.5 29.4 in 1980 68 27.8
Taroom Post Office 30.8 30.5 in 2017 63 28.4
Springsure Comet St 29.9 = 29.9 in 1940 62 28.9
Injune Post Office 29.7 29.4 in 2017 49 27.7
Applethorpe 23.8 22.8 in 2002 47 20.9
Texas Post Office 29.1 28.3 in 2002 46 27.0
Oakey Aero 27.8 27.0 in 2005 44 25.5
Archerfield Airport 28.1 27.7 in 2016 40 26.4
Bundaberg Aero 28.5 28.0 in 2017 39 26.8
Seventeen Seventy 26.9 26.8 in 2009 31 25.8
Coolangatta 25.9 = 25.9 in 2017 29 24.8
Dalby Airport 28.8 28.1 in 2005 27 26.9
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 27.3 27.0 in 2017 26 26.1
Rainbow Beach 26.3 = 26.3 in 2017 26 25.5
Roma Airport 30.1 29.6 in 2017 26 28.1
Thangool Airport 30.6 30.4 in 2002 26 29.2
Gladstone Airport 28.4 28.2 in 2018 25 27.4
Brisbane Aero 26.1 26.0 in 2017 23 25.4
Tewantin RSL Park 26.2 = 26.2 in 2017 23 25.3
Toowoomba Airport 25.1 24.3 in 2005 22 23.2
Miles Constance Street 29.4 29.1 in 2017 21 27.8
St George Airport 29.7 29.3 in 2017 21 28.1
Warwick 27.2 25.9 in 2018 21 24.8

Highest annual mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Gympie 28.5 28.6 in 1926* 27.2
Lady Elliot Island 26.9 27.0 in 1998 25.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Thargomindah Airport 34.2 on 27 Jan 34.1 on 4 Feb 2006 21 16.3
Birdsville Airport 34.6 on 31 Dec 34.4 on 12 Jan 2018 20 16.9



Record lowest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Horn Island 15.1 on 8 Sep 15.3 on 15 Aug 2004 25 24.6



Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Bollon Mary St 14.8 = 14.8 in 2016 98 13.3

Highest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Sunshine Coast Airport 16.6 16.8 in 1998 15.9



Lowest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Annual
average
Innisfail 19.7 =19.7 in 1997 19.4



Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
University of Queensland Gatton 21.5 21.1 in 2016 82 20.0
Amberley AMO 21.2 = 21.2 in 1973 77 19.9
Double Island Point Lighthouse 22.8 = 22.8 in 2017 72 21.5
Surat 21.7 21.6 in 2005 67 20.5
Injune Post Office 21.2 21.0 in 2014 49 19.8
Applethorpe 16.5 15.9 in 2014 47 14.9
Texas Post Office 20.9 20.5 in 2005 46 19.2
Oakey Aero 19.8 19.3 in 2017 44 18.2
Archerfield Airport 21.6 = 21.6 in 2016 40 20.4
Bundaberg Aero 22.6 22.5 in 2017 39 21.6
Emerald Airport 24.1 23.9 in 2018 26 23.1
Gold Coast Seaway 21.9 = 21.9 in 2005 26 21.3
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 21.6 21.5 in 2017 26 20.6
Roma Airport 21.5 = 21.5 in 2005 26 20.4
Thangool Airport 22.3 22.0 in 2016 26 21.2
Gladstone Airport 23.5 = 23.5 in 2016 25 22.7
Toowoomba Airport 19.1 18.7 in 2017 22 17.9
St George Airport 22.1 22.0 in 2017 21 21.0
Warwick 19.1 18.3 in 2014 21 17.6



Lowest annual mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Annual
average
Innisfail 23.9 23.8 in 1999 23.7



Summary statistics for 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2019
Mean
for
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2019
Total
for
2019
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2019
Fraction
of annual
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 32.7 +1.1 36.5 24 Dec 25.1 -0.1 21.2 10 Sep 1098.0 1452.8 low 76%
Coen Airport 31.6 -0.2 40.4 14 Dec 20.4 -0.4 10.3 20 Jul 1212.4 1073.5 average 113%
Horn Island 30.5 +0.1 34.0 26 Dec 24.6 0.0 15.1 8 Sep 1236.2 1767.4 lowest 70%
Scherger RAAF 32.9 -0.2 39.5 3 Dec 21.5 -0.4 14.7 11 Sep 2004.6 1708.9 high 117%
Weipa Aero 32.8 0.0 39.0 20 Nov 21.9 -0.1 14.9 11 Sep
South Peninsula (district 28)
Palmerville 33.1 +0.3 41.7 3 Dec 18.1 -1.0 5.0 10 Sep
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 33.9 +0.6 43.8 26 Dec 20.8 +0.1 7.3 21 Jul 322.8 803.0 v low 40%
Century Mine 35.1 +0.5 44.7 26 Dec 20.5 +0.8 6.2 21 Jul 262.0 576.2 low 45%
Cloncurry Airport 33.4 0.0 45.0 26 Dec 19.2 +0.2 4.8 23 Jun 585.0 492.7 average 119%
Julia Creek Airport 34.3 0.0 45.3 25 Dec 17.6 +0.4 1.6 23 Jun 707.2 455.7 high 155%
Kowanyama Airport 34.1 +0.8 41.9 3 Dec 21.2 +0.3 9.4 24 Jun 955.0 1260.3 low 76%
Mornington Island Airport 30.7   39.8 5 Dec 22.7   10.9 20 Jul 963.6
Mount Isa Aero 33.0 +1.0 45.0 18 Dec 17.4 +0.1 1.6 21 Jul 345.4 459.8 average 75%
Normanton Airport 34.0 +0.3 43.2 5 Dec 22.1 +0.3 10.8 21 Jul 584.8 785.0 low 74%
Sweers Island 30.3 0.0 38.1 4 Dec 23.4 0.0 14.0 12 Sep 660.6 1255.6 v low 53%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 33.2 +0.4 42.0 26 Dec 18.8 -0.3 3.8 16 Jul 519.0 820.9 v low 63%
Hughenden Airport 32.3 0.0 44.1 25 Dec 17.1 -0.5 0.1 12 Aug 384.4 438.6 average 88%
Richmond Post Office 33.4 +0.6 44.1 29 Dec 18.1 +1.4 2.7 24 Jun 780.4 476.2 v high 164%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 29.5 +0.4 39.5 21 Feb 20.8 0.0 8.9 23 Aug 2036.2 1988.1 average 102%
Cairns Racecourse 29.3   39.5 21 Feb 20.0   7.6 5 Sep 2044.2
Cape Flattery 29.7 -0.2 39.0 21 Feb 23.2 -0.2 13.0 8 Sep 837.0 1382.3 v low 61%
Cooktown Airport 29.5 -0.1 38.2 21 Feb 21.8 -0.3 9.5 23 Aug 1918.4 1552.9 high 124%
Low Isles Lighthouse 29.4 0.0 37.1 20 Feb     18.1 23 Aug 1884.8 2114.8 average 89%
Mareeba Airport 28.9 0.0 38.9 25 Dec 17.7 -0.2 6.6 10 Sep 666.4 832.8 low 80%
Walkamin Research Station 27.6 +0.2 38.3 25 Dec 16.8 -0.3 7.2 19 Jul 823.1 1013.8 low 81%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cowley Beach (Defence) 28.0   41.1 21 Feb 20.3   7.8 10 Sep 2272.6
Innisfail 28.1 +0.2 40.8 21 Feb 19.7 +0.3 9.6 16 Jul 2987.1 3547.8 low 84%
Innisfail Aerodrome 28.6   40.5 21 Feb 18.5   5.2 10 Sep 2482.6
Lucinda Point 26.6 -0.5 38.5 20 Feb 22.2 -0.2 13.6 18 Jul 1600.6 1076.1 high 149%
Mount Stuart (Defence) 29.4   40.6 9 Nov 19.9   11.1 23 Jun 1790.6
South Johnstone Exp Stn 28.2 0.0 40.5 21 Feb 19.6 +0.3 8.0 23 Aug
Townsville Aero 29.7 +0.8 40.7 21 Feb 20.0 +0.2 7.5 16 Jul 1760.8 1136.0 high 155%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Ayr DPI Research Stn 29.6 +0.5 39.0 13 Feb 18.2 +0.2 5.1 12 Aug 984.0 945.4 average 104%
Bowen Airport AWS 29.1   38.3 13 Feb 19.2   4.9 12 Aug 1011.8
Collinsville Post Office 31.2 +1.0 41.0 25 Dec 16.4 0.0 2.2 19 Jul 554.4 701.6 average 79%
Hamilton Island Airport 26.2 -0.2 35.6 13 Feb 21.7 -0.2 15.3 15 Jul 1765.0 1467.6 high 120%
Mackay Aero 27.7 +0.4 36.5 3 Dec 18.1 +0.2 3.8 12 Aug
Mackay M.O 27.1 +0.6 36.3 3 Dec 19.6 +0.5 7.6 15 Jul 1300.6 1597.7 low 81%
Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 27.5   36.9 3 Dec 17.7   3.7 12 Aug 1049.0
Proserpine Airport     40.5 3 Dec 17.3 -0.3 1.1 12 Aug 1685.0 1433.7 average 118%
Samuel Hill Aero 27.7 +0.5 36.7 5 Dec 16.0 0.0 1.6 15 Jul 778.8 1462.6 v low 53%
St Lawrence 29.1 +0.6 38.2 9 Nov 17.3 -0.2 3.2 15 Jul 546.6 958.8 v low 57%
Townsville- Fanning River (Defence) 29.7   41.3 25 Dec 16.8   3.7 23 Jun 1001.0
Williamson 29.0 +0.7 39.1 2 Dec 16.9 -0.1 0.6 12 Aug 304.6 867.4 v low 35%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 26.1 +0.2 39.1 2 Dec 19.1 +0.5 5.2 22 Jun 497.2 967.0 v low 51%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 30.8 +0.4 41.8 25 Dec 17.1 -0.6 4.9 16 Jul 592.4 643.2 average 92%
Moranbah Airport 30.7   43.3 25 Dec 15.9   1.1 19 Jul 324.8
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 30.9   42.7 13 Feb 16.4   2.6 15 Jul 327.0
Clermont Airport     42.5 20 Feb 14.8   -2.1 22 Jun 382.8
Emerald Airport 31.1 +1.3 43.2 20 Feb 17.1 +0.8 3.5 22 Jun 264.0 543.4 lowest 49%
Lochington 30.8   44.0 20 Feb 15.2   -0.6 22 Jun 363.8
Springsure Comet St 29.9 +1.0 42.4 20 Feb 14.9 +0.5 -0.8 15 Jul
Tambo Post Office 30.2 +1.1 42.0 17 Dec 13.5 +0.8 -3.5 22 Jun 314.1 531.8 v low 59%
Taroom Post Office 30.8 +2.4 43.4 13 Feb 14.5 +0.9 -2.9 1 Jun 246.6 668.0 v low 37%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Blackall Airport 31.2 +0.6 43.9 17 Dec 16.0 +0.5 -1.1 11 Aug 391.6 471.7 average 83%
Isisford Post Office 32.1 +1.2 44.0 24 Dec 16.3 +0.7 0.0 22 Jun 366.9 446.0 average 82%
Longreach Aero 32.6 +1.1 45.3 17 Dec     0.8 4 Jun 205.0 432.9 low 47%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 34.3 +1.4 45.7 24 Dec 18.4 +0.7 2.0 22 Jun 206.8 398.9 low 52%
Carters Bore 32.3   44.5 24 Dec 19.7   6.4 22 Jun 300.0
New May Downs 32.5   43.7 24 Dec 19.0   6.0 23 Jun 352.2
Trepell Airport 32.4 -0.4 45.1 17 Dec 16.4 -0.9 1.4 22 Jun 686.6 325.2 v high 211%
Winton Airport 33.0 +0.1 45.0 25 Dec 16.6 -0.6 0.4 23 Jun 398.8 361.9 average 110%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 32.2 +0.6 49.3 24 Dec 16.5 -0.4 0.5 22 Jun 40.4 131.4 v low 31%
Windorah Airport 31.7   46.1 24 Dec 17.3   0.3 24 Jun 198.4
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 28.5 +1.7 36.2 5 Dec 16.6 +0.2 4.8 13 Aug 319.8 1009.5 lowest 32%
Gayndah Airport 30.3 +1.6 43.0 16 Dec 14.6 +0.2 0.5 13 Aug 294.4 593.2 v low 50%
Gladstone Airport 28.4 +1.0 38.4 2 Dec 18.6 +0.5 6.4 15 Jul 433.2 857.1 v low 51%
Lady Elliot Island 26.9 +1.2 31.7 13 Feb 21.3 +0.6 12.2 19 Jun 370.8 1112.0 lowest 33%
Rockhampton Aero 30.1 +1.7 41.9 16 Dec 17.6 +0.9 4.4 12 Aug 295.8 808.5 lowest 37%
Seventeen Seventy 26.9 +1.1 33.8 22 Feb 19.1 +0.2 7.8 15 Jul 598.5 1141.9 lowest 52%
Thangool Airport 30.6 +1.4 41.6 13 Feb 14.0 +0.7 -2.0 15 Jul 207.4 660.5 lowest 31%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 29.3 +2.5 43.1 16 Dec 13.1 0.0 -3.2 15 Jul 334.8 855.2 lowest 39%
Archerfield Airport 28.1 +1.7 41.2 16 Dec 15.1 +0.7 3.2 1 Jun 595.0 1052.9 v low 57%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 28.9 +2.0 41.8 16 Dec 13.5 +0.5 -2.9 15 Jul 395.4 863.5 v low 46%
Beerburrum Forest Station 27.5 +1.0 41.6 16 Dec     4.5 1 Jun 865.0 1410.9 v low 61%
Brisbane 27.8 +1.2 41.2 16 Dec 17.1 +0.7 7.4 12 Jul
Brisbane Aero 26.1 +0.7 35.1 6 Dec 16.3 +0.6 4.7 16 Jul 601.0 1016.2 lowest 59%
Canungra (Defence) 27.1   40.3 16 Dec 11.7   -3.4 15 Jul 552.4
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 24.9 +1.5 33.4 2 Dec 19.1 +1.0 9.9 15 Jul 726.2 1479.4 v low 49%
Coolangatta 25.9 +1.1 34.2 16 Dec 16.2 +0.2 0.9 15 Jul 825.6 1480.4 v low 56%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 26.0 +1.7 37.3 16 Dec 19.6 +0.9 8.7 15 Jul
Gold Coast Seaway 26.1 +0.8 35.6 12 Mar 17.6 +0.4 5.8 14 Jul
Greenbank (Defence) 28.3   42.3 16 Dec 12.9   -2.3 31 May 486.0
Gympie 28.5 +1.3 41.0 16 Dec 14.2 +0.6 -0.2 21 Aug 548.4 1119.6 v low 49%
Hervey Bay Airport 27.2 +0.8 34.4 4 Dec 16.6 -0.1 2.5 21 Aug 572.2 1024.5 v low 56%
Kingaroy Airport 27.4 +1.6 40.5 16 Dec 11.6 +0.3 -3.8 15 Jul 295.8 630.8 v low 47%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 27.3 +1.2 40.3 16 Dec 15.9 +0.8 3.7 21 Aug 634.7 1066.9 lowest 59%
Maryborough 28.4 +1.4 39.0 5 Dec 15.1 -0.2 -0.1 15 Jul 554.8 1134.0 v low 49%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 26.8 +0.8 40.8 16 Dec 16.0 +0.2 4.3 1 Jun
Rainbow Beach 26.3 +0.8 37.2 16 Dec     24.3 16 Dec 855.0 1445.0 lowest 59%
Redcliffe     35.4 2 Dec 17.6 +0.6 6.2 1 Jun
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 25.9   35.8 16 Dec 16.3   6.0 31 May 749.8
Sunshine Coast Airport 26.0 +0.5 37.4 16 Dec 16.6 +0.7 2.6 15 Jul 1208.2 1455.5 low 83%
Tewantin RSL Park 26.2 +0.9 39.3 16 Dec 17.4 +0.4 5.5 15 Jul   1549.2    
Tin Can Bay (Defence) 26.8   39.2 16 Dec 16.3   1.7 15 Jul 851.8
University of Queensland Gatton 29.7 +2.8 43.4 16 Dec 13.3 +0.3 0.7 20 Jul 230.0 765.6 lowest 30%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 23.8 +2.9 37.6 19 Jan 9.1 +0.1 -6.1 31 May 258.6 749.5 lowest 35%
Dalby Airport 28.8 +1.9 41.2 16 Dec 11.9 0.0 -4.8 15 Jul 168.4 587.6 lowest 29%
Oakey Aero 27.8 +2.3 40.7 16 Dec 11.7 +0.8 -4.5 16 Jul 169.6 609.1 lowest 28%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade     36.9 19 Jan 8.8 0.0 -7.0 19 Jul 256.8 762.1 lowest 34%
Texas Post Office 29.1 +2.1 42.6 22 Dec 12.7 +1.2 -2.8 16 Jul 163.3 654.1 lowest 25%
Toowoomba Airport 25.1 +1.9 38.1 13 Feb 13.2 +0.6 0.0 15 Jul 330.0 699.6 lowest 47%
Warwick 27.2 +2.4 40.3 16 Dec 11.0 +0.5 -5.0 17 Jul
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 29.4 +1.6 42.0 13 Feb 12.9 0.0 -2.3 20 Jul 222.4 525.9 v low 42%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 29.7 +2.0 42.4 20 Feb 12.6 +0.7 -3.9 22 Jun 284.8 631.6 lowest 45%
Mitchell Post Office     43.5 22 Dec 12.5 +0.8 -5.5 22 Jun 193.1 567.9 lowest 34%
Roma Airport 30.1 +2.0 43.4 24 Dec 13.0 +0.3 -4.8 22 Jun 197.4 562.7 lowest 35%
St George Airport 29.7 +1.6 45.9 22 Dec 14.6 +0.7 -2.9 22 Jun 104.2 459.1 lowest 23%
Surat 29.5 +1.7 43.1 22 Dec 14.0 +0.9 -2.2 22 Jun 157.8 572.9 lowest 28%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 30.0 +1.9 45.7 22 Dec 14.8 +1.5 -1.8 23 Jun 121.0 460.4 lowest 26%
Charleville Aero 30.2 +2.0 44.3 22 Dec 14.8 +1.2 -3.5 23 Jun
Cunnamulla Post Office 30.2 +2.0 45.3 23 Dec 15.9 +1.6 0.4 23 Jun 176.8 372.8 low 47%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 31.2 +0.7 47.3 17 Jan 17.3 +0.6 2.5 21 Jun 70.6 175.6 low 40%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Middle Percy Island 25.3 +0.1 34.4 3 Dec 20.3 0.0 13.5 15 Jul 949.6 1189.8 low 80%
Willis Island 28.8 +0.2 32.2 28 Dec 24.4 +0.3 20.2 3 Aug 729.4 1101.5 low 66%

Notes

The Annual climate summary, generally published on the second working day of the year, lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 12 pm on Monday 6 January 2020. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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