Queensland in 2014: Heatwaves throughout the year; tropical cyclones and floods; large areas of rainfall deficiencies

Queensland experienced its equal-third-warmest year on record in 2014, with below-average rainfall recorded across the southeast, southwest and parts of the northern interior of the State.

  • State-wide averaged mean temperature equal-third-highest on record
  • State-wide averaged maximum temperature fifth-highest on record
  • Heatwaves in January, May, October and November
  • Six tropical cyclones: Dylan, Edna, Fletcher, Gillian, Hadi and Ita
  • Flooding in northern, central and western Queensland between January and April
  • Below-average annual rain in most areas, except the Gulf Country and western Cape York Peninsula
  • Below-average rain in the southeast in most months
  • Several wet months near Cape York
  • Severe thunderstorms in the southeast during November and December

Queensland recorded its equal-third-warmest year on record during 2014, with the statewide mean temperature 0.96 C above the historical average. Maximum temperature was 1.05 C above average and the fifth-warmest, while minimum temperature was the seventh-warmest and 0.87 C above the long term average. Six significant heatwaves affected the State: two in January; one in May; one in late October; and two in November, with several stations breaking daily temperature records in both January and November.

The statewide average rainfall during 2014 was 561.1 mm, 10% below the historical average. Rainfall was especially low in the southeast, southwest, central west and parts of the northern and central coasts, with some areas recording rainfall totals in the driest 10% of years. Totals were above-average in the far north and western coast of the Cape York Peninsula and areas of the Gulf Country. Totals were close to average elsewhere in the State. Rainfall from tropical cyclones caused flooding through northern, central and western rivers between January and April. By May, dry conditions prevailed across the State until mid-August when high daily rainfall records were broken in parts of the central and southern interior. A wetter than average September over the Central Highlands was followed by drier than usual conditions in October and November across most of the State. December was wetter than usual across the southern half of Queensland.

Notable events in 2014

Heatwaves 

  • Severe heat broke records in southern Queensland on 3 January, extending into metropolitan Brisbane and surrounding districts on 4 January. The heat was prolonged in inland Queensland, particularly in the central west.
  • A second heatwave affected the State from 20 January, confined to mainly southern and southeastern districts.
  • Abnormally warm conditions occurred in southern inland Queensland between 8 and 26 May, associated with a period of very warm north to northwesterly airflow.
  • Record-breaking daytime and overnight temperatures at the end of October across southern interior and southeast coast of Queensland.
  • Extreme November temperatures recorded in the between 15 and 16 November in the Darling Downs and southeast coast, and through the Maranoa and Warrego districts on
  • Longreach had a record of thirteen days in a row above 40 C between 13 to 25 November.

Tropical cyclones for the year 2014 include:

  • Dylan formed into a tropical cyclone on 30 January, intensifying into a category 2 system and making landfall on 31 January east of Bowen.
  • Edna rapidly formed along an active monsoon trough in the central Coral Sea on 1 February before weakening, then reforming on 4 February near Fiji.
  • Fletcher formed as a tropical low in the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf on 30 January, lasting briefly as a tropical cyclone before crossing the southeast Gulf of Carpentaria coast south of Gilbert River Mouth on the evening of 3 February.
  • Gillian was named on 8 March but weakened while in the Gulf of Carpentaria and downgraded to below tropical cyclone intensity on 10 March just prior to crossing the western Cape York Peninsula. Gillian re-intensified to a category 1 tropical cyclone on 14 March.
  • Hadi formed in the Coral Sea east of Townsville and was named on 10 March, before weakening and moving away from the coast the following day.
  • Ita was located over the northeastern Coral Sea on 2 April, and was named as a category 1 cyclone on 5 April. Ita moved westwards, intensifying to a category 3 early on 8 April. On the afternoon of April 10, the system intensified rapidly, reaching category 4 and then category 5 in a span of six hours. Ita weakened leading up to landfall, crossing the coast near Cape Flattery as a category 4 cyclone on evening of 11 April.

Flooding

Flooding occurred through northern, central and western river systems from January to April, with some notable events including:
  • Minor to moderate flooding along the Paroo River between Eulo and Hungerford during the second and third weeks of January.
  • Isolated major flooding in the Pioneer and Connors/Isaac catchments in February.
  • Major flooding on the Tully River at Euramo, the Murray River at Murray Flats, the Herbert River at Halifax and along the Bohle River near Townsville in February.
  • Major flooding in the Jordan River at Jericho in February, with minor to moderate flooding occurring in the Paroo, Bulloo, Thomson, Barcoo, Diamantina, Georgina, Nicholson, Gregory, Flinders, Norman and Gilbert Rivers and Cooper Creek catchments.
  • Minor to moderate flooding in the Condamine/Balonne, Fitzroy, Baffle, Mary, Sunshine Coast Rivers and Streams, Brisbane, Logan and Albert Rivers due to widespread rainfall between 25 to 27 March.
  • Moderate to major flooding in the Daintree, Barron, Mulgrave/Russell, Tully/Murray, Herbert, Bohle, Haughton and Don Rivers in April.

Thunderstorms and strong winds

There were numerous severe thunderstorms across the State during 2014, with particularly high levels of thunderstorm activity during January, March, April, November and December. Some notable events include:

  • A line of severe thunderstorms tracked through the Darling Downs on 3 January, with a 98km/h wind gust at Miles and a 104 km/h wind gust at Rolleston.
  • Hail up to 3 cm at Stanthorpe and Mutdapilly, and heavy rainfall caused flash-flooding near Gatton on 22 January.
  • Thunderstorms caused heavy rainfall in the Capricornia district on 26 March, with reports of flash-flooding and landslides between Yeppoon and Emu Park.
  • Heavy rainfall  in Toowoomba on 30 March, with reports of flash-flooding, 3 cm hail, trees downed and property damage in Miles and Columboola.
  • Numerous reports of trees downed and flash-flooding across Bribie Island on 6 April, with a waterspout observed offshore. Reports of hail up to 3 cm in diameter from Boonah.
  • Wind gusts to 114 km/h at Double Island Point on 27 September, with hail to 3 cm reported from Canungra, Coopers Plains, Wishart and Upper Coomera.
  • Very high rainfall rates were observed in and south of Brisbane on 19 November, with 100 mm in one hour near Archerfield. Widespread flash-flooding in Bowen Hills, Fortitude Valley and metropolitan Brisbane.
  • A line of very severe thunderstorms tracked through the greater Brisbane area on 27 November, bringing destructive winds, heavy rainfall and hail up to 7 cm in size to metropolitan Brisbane and surrounding southern and northern suburbs.
  • Hail up to 3 cm was reported from inner southeast suburbs of Brisbane on 8 December, as severe thunderstorms tracked northeast through greater Brisbane. Carbrook recorded 105 mm of rainfall in one hour.
  • Severe thunderstorms caused destructive wind gusts at Kingaroy and Roma on 17 December, with large hail observed at Kin Kin and Pomona.

Further informationState-wide averaged mean temperature third-highest on record

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Extremes in 2014
Hottest day 48.7 C at Birdsville Airport on 2 Jan
Warmest days on average 35.1 C at Julia Creek Airport
Coolest days on average 22.4 C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 9.1 C at Applethorpe on 18 Jul
Coldest night -7.0 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on 12 Jul
Coolest nights on average 9.4 C at Applethorpe
Warmest nights on average 25.0 C at Coconut Island
Warmest night 33.6 C at Bedourie Police Station on 23 Jan
Warmest on average overall 28.3 C at Coconut Island
Coolest on average overall 15.9 C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 8158.8 mm at Bellenden Ker Top Station
Driest overall 30.7 mm at Roseberth Station
Wettest day426.8 mm at Cape Tribulation Store on 12 Mar
Strongest wind gust 141 km/h at Archerfield Airport on 27 Nov

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Kowanyama Airport 361.2 on 8 Feb 342.9 on 15 Feb 1949 103
Belmont Agforce 315.0 on 1 Feb 302.4 on 29 Dec 1990 61
Wongan 199.6 on 3 Feb 147.6 on 29 Nov 2013 23
Glencoe 280.0 on 21 Feb 154.0 on 10 Feb 2009 22
Warwick 90.8 on 28 Mar 86.0 on 20 Nov 1995 21
Yeppoon The Esplanade 295.8 on 27 Mar 162.2 on 1 Feb 2010 21



Record highest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Kowanyama Airport 2352.6 2049.6 in 1956 95 1269.3

Highest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Annual
average
Yaamba 1244.2 1487.7 in 1990* 23 848.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record lowest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Gold Coast Seaway 839.8 851.2 in 2002 20 1276.6

Lowest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Annual
average
Highvale 637.5 556.6 in 1957* 45 1161.1
Mount Joseph 636.2 605.8 in 1977* 33 968.5
Wamuran 783.9 723.3 in 1977* 25 1260.8
Yaramulla Station 326.0 300.3 in 1978* 25 789.4
Coolangatta 994.2 928.9 in 1991* 21 1512.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Bollon Mary St 47.0 on 4 Jan = 47.0 on 4 Jan 1973 58 28.0
Cunnamulla Post Office 47.2 on 3 Jan 47.0 on 13 Jan 2013 58 28.1
Quilpie Airport 47.1 on 3 Jan 46.5 on 12 Jan 2013 58 29.2
Tambo Post Office 44.5 on 3 Jan 44.2 on 4 Jan 1973 58 29.0
Taroom Post Office 45.3 on 4 Jan 44.0 on 30 Dec 2013 58 28.3
Surat 45.7 on 3 Jan 44.0 on 7 Dec 1981 52 27.8
Gympie 42.4 on 4 Jan 42.0 on 26 Dec 2001 50 27.2
Windorah Evap 48.0 on 3 Jan 47.6 on 12 Jan 2013 48 30.5
Applethorpe 37.8 on 3 Jan 37.0 on 19 Jan 2003 47 20.7
Archerfield Airport 43.5 on 4 Jan 43.3 on 26 Jan 1940 41 26.2
Dalby Airport 42.6 on 4 Jan 41.7 on 6 Jan 1994 23 26.8
Goondiwindi Airport 46.4 on 3 Jan 44.2 on 29 Nov 1996 23 27.2
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 41.9 on 4 Jan 41.0 on 21 Feb 2004 23 25.9
Roma Airport 45.8 on 3 Jan 45.5 on 30 Dec 2013 23 27.8
Weipa Aero 39.2 on 20 Nov = 39.2 on 14 Nov 2004 23 32.7
Sunshine Coast Airport 41.3 on 4 Jan 38.7 on 23 Feb 2008 21 25.3
Warwick 40.9 on 4 Jan 40.4 on 29 Dec 2013 21 24.6



Record lowest daily maximum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Weipa Aero 24.7 on 7 Feb = 24.7 on 10 Mar 1996 23 32.7



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Taroom Post Office 30.0 = 30.0 in 2009 58 28.3
Archerfield Airport 27.4 = 27.4 in 1991 35 26.2
Bundaberg Aero 27.6 = 27.6 in 2013 34 26.6
Coolangatta 25.6 = 25.6 in 2009 24 24.6

Highest annual mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Annual
average
Maryborough 27.8 27.9 in 1991 23 26.9



Record highest daily minimum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Charleville Aero 31.2 on 3 Jan = 31.2 on 4 Jan 2006 73 13.5
Barcaldine Post Office 30.5 on 4 Jan 30.4 on 2 Dec 1996 53 16.3
Surat 29.4 on 3 Jan = 29.4 on 9 Feb 2005 52 13.0
Longreach Aero 30.7 on 3 Jan = 30.7 on 30 Dec 2013 49 15.8
Applethorpe 23.0 on 4 Jan = 23.0 on 21 Feb 2004 47 9.0
Mitchell Post Office 29.7 on 3 Jan 29.3 on 10 Dec 2009 47 11.7
Monto Township 26.8 on 5 Jan 26.0 on 20 Jan 1980 42 12.9
Goondiwindi Airport 28.7 on 16 Feb 28.2 on 7 Jan 1994 23 12.8
Roma Airport 29.2 on 3 Jan 28.6 on 4 Jan 2006 23 12.6
Weipa Aero 28.7 on 5 Jan 28.5 on 7 Dec 2002 23 21.9



Record lowest temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Emerald Airport 0.5 on 12 Jul 0.8 on 11 Aug 2012 23 16.2



Highest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Annual
average
Charleville Aero 14.9 15.3 in 1993 21 13.5
Longreach Aero 17.3 17.4 in 1993 21 15.8



Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Mitchell Post Office 21.2 = 21.2 in 2009 93 19.6
Taroom Post Office 22.3 = 22.3 in 2005 58 20.9
Longreach Aero 25.1 25.0 in 2005 46 23.6
Injune Post Office 21.0 20.7 in 2005 44 19.7
Applethorpe 15.9 = 15.9 in 2005 42 14.8



Summary statistics for 2014
Maximum temperatures
(C)
Minimum temperatures
(C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2014
Mean
for
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2014
Total
for
2014
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2014
Fraction
of annual
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 31.7 +0.4 35.9 10 Dec 25.0 -0.2 21.2 11 Sep 1238.4 1454.2 low 85%
Coen Airport 31.6 0.0 39.7 12 Dec 20.1 -0.8 10.3 8 Jul 1237.8 1142.3 average 108%
Horn Island 30.4 0.0 34.4 5 Jan 24.5 -0.1 18.1 9 Sep 1824.4 1827.4 average 100%
Scherger RAAF 32.9   39.3 15 Oct 21.5   15.1 8 Jul 2096.8
Weipa Aero 32.7 0.0 39.2 20 Nov 21.6 -0.3 15.1 10 Jun 2124.8 1965.1 average 108%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 29.8 0.0 38.5 13 Dec 22.3 +0.3 13.7 11 Sep 1827.6 2067.1 average 88%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 33.3 +0.1 41.8 13 Dec 20.3 -0.4 8.4 8 Jul 954.2 839.8 average 114%
Century Mine 34.7   45.1 2 Jan 19.6 0.0 4.6 8 Jul 711.8 645.8 average 110%
Cloncurry Airport 33.9 +0.6 43.9 1 Jan 19.8 +1.0 3.5 8 Jul 371.6 515.3 average 72%
Julia Creek Airport 35.1 +1.1 45.4 1 Jan 17.8 +0.9 -0.1 11 Jul 257.8
Kowanyama Airport 33.4 +0.2 40.6 22 Nov 21.0 +0.2 10.8 19 Aug 2352.6 1269.3 highest 185%
Mornington Island Airport 30.3   37.1 6 Jan 22.5   12.2 17 Aug 1147.6
Mount Isa Aero 33.2 +1.4 44.6 1 Jan 17.6 +0.4 -2.2 8 Jul 319.0 460.1 average 69%
Normanton Airport 33.5 0.0 40.0 6 Jan 21.7 0.0 10.8 8 Jul 689.0 817.0 average 84%
Sweers Island 30.1 -0.2 37.3 20 Dec 23.4 +0.1 12.6 22 Aug 695.1 1259.4 v low 55%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 33.0   40.8 4 Jan 18.9   4.6 10 Jul 761.4 861.4 average 88%
Hughenden Airport 32.7 +0.6 44.2 5 Jan 18.1 +0.8 -0.8 11 Jul 280.2 473.7 v low 59%
Richmond Airport 34.2 +1.1 44.6 5 Jan 17.9 +1.0 1.4 8 Jul 244.2 453.7 low 54%
Richmond Post Office 34.0 +1.2 43.9 4 Jan 18.4 +1.7 2.1 18 Aug 274.7 475.0 low 58%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 29.3 +0.3 34.8 13 Dec 20.8 0.0 9.9 19 Jul 1828.2 2001.1 average 91%
Cairns Racecourse 29.4   36.3 13 Dec 19.9   9.4 19 Jul 1741.0
Cooktown Airport 29.3 -0.2 38.0 4 Jan 21.9 -0.1 10.9 3 Sep 1725.1 1475.5 average 117%
Low Isles Lighthouse 29.0 -0.4 37.2 5 Jan 23.2 -0.2 19.2 10 Jun 2476.3 2123.3 high 117%
Mareeba Airport 28.6 -0.2 37.8 5 Jan 17.6 -0.2 8.6 8 Jul 615.0 875.2 v low 70%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 27.9 -0.8 34.9 13 Dec 20.2 +1.3 8.9 11 Jul 1860.6 2117.0 average 88%
Innisfail 28.0 +0.1 37.2 13 Dec 20.3 +0.9 11.0 11 Jul 3111.0 3565.8 low 87%
Lucinda Point 26.6 -0.5 33.6 13 Dec 22.5 +0.1 13.0 20 Jul 959.0 1041.3 average 92%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 28.2 +0.1 37.1 13 Dec 19.5 +0.3 9.1 11 Jul 3231.2 3299.4 average 98%
Townsville Aero 29.1 +0.2 36.1 13 Dec 20.3 +0.5 7.3 20 Jul 1035.8 1144.7 average 90%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 27.4 -0.9 33.0 26 Jan 19.9 -0.5 6.9 30 Jun 875.0 992.8 average 88%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 29.1 0.0 36.1 13 Dec 18.1 +0.2 4.3 11 Jul 653.8 963.1 low 68%
Bowen Airport 28.5 -0.1 34.2 13 Dec 19.5 +0.1 4.0 20 Jul 740.5 892.6 average 83%
Hamilton Island Airport 26.3 0.0 33.1 10 Dec 21.7 0.0 15.0 20 Jul 1408.0 1523.3 average 92%
Mackay Aero 27.6 +0.4 35.6 16 Dec 18.0 +0.2 2.4 20 Jul 1088.0 1563.7 low 70%
Mackay M.O 26.8 +0.4 35.2 30 Dec 19.4 +0.3 6.5 20 Jul 1423.8 1624.3 average 88%
Proserpine Airport 28.9 +0.2 38.0 4 Jan 17.1 -0.5 0.2 20 Jul
Samuel Hill Aero 27.1 0.0 35.0 2 Jan 15.7 -0.1 0.6 20 Jul 1640.0 1520.8 high 108%
St Lawrence 28.3   35.3 17 Dec 17.1   1.1 12 Jul 849.8 1012.7 low 84%
Williamson 28.0   35.0 4 Jan 16.8   0.6 11 Jul 883.4
Woolshed 26.1 +0.3 37.2 4 Jan 16.7 +0.1 0.0 20 Jul 1439.0 1138.3 average 126%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 25.8 0.0 35.2 4 Jan 18.6 +0.1 3.9 20 Jul 1440.8 988.9 high 146%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 30.4 +0.1 42.0 5 Jan 17.5 -0.1 2.2 20 Jul 482.8 665.8 average 73%
Moranbah Airport 30.3   42.4 5 Jan 15.1   -1.5 12 Jul 548.6
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 30.3   43.7 4 Jan 16.0   -0.6 12 Jul 512.0
Clermont Airport 29.7   43.0 4 Jan 14.1   -4.5 12 Jul 652.4
Emerald Airport 30.0 +0.3 44.4 4 Jan 16.2 0.0 0.5 12 Jul 548.4 561.9 average 98%
Lochington 30.4   45.7 4 Jan 15.1   -2.6 12 Jul 608.4
Rolleston Airport 30.1   43.7 4 Jan 14.5   -2.5 12 Jul 466.0
Springsure Comet St 29.1 +0.3 43.8 4 Jan 15.0 +0.7 -0.2 12 Jul 640.6 688.1 average 93%
Tambo Post Office 30.1 +1.1 44.5 3 Jan 13.9 +1.3 -3.6 19 Jul 619.7 534.5 high 116%
Taroom Post Office 30.0 +1.7 45.3 4 Jan 14.5 +0.9 -2.7 12 Jul 555.9 674.4 low 82%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 31.1 +1.0 44.9 4 Jan 17.8 +1.5 2.1 12 Jul 580.9 502.1 high 116%
Blackall Airport 31.3 +0.9 45.7 3 Jan 16.1 +0.8 -2.8 11 Jul 299.8 535.5 low 56%
Isisford Post Office 32.3 +1.5 46.6 3 Jan 16.8 +1.3 -0.5 12 Jul 352.6 450.3 average 78%
Longreach Aero 32.9 +1.5 46.3 3 Jan 17.3 +1.5 -0.7 12 Jul 167.8 445.6 v low 38%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 33.7 +0.8 46.0 2 Jan 18.6 +1.0 2.2 11 Jul 364.8 398.7 average 91%
New May Downs 32.8   44.4 2 Jan 19.5   4.3 5 Aug 282.4
The Monument Airport 32.9 +0.7 45.9 2 Jan 17.3 +0.7 0.7 11 Jul 354.8 308.4 high 115%
Trepell Airport 33.4 +0.8 45.5 2 Jan 18.1 +1.0 2.3 2 Jul 177.0 306.1 low 58%
Urandangi Aerodrome 33.5   47.3 2 Jan 16.6   -0.7 7 Jul 228.8
Winton Airport 33.8 +1.2 46.4 3 Jan 18.2 +1.3 1.1 8 Jul 184.2 365.8 v low 50%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 32.2 +0.7 48.7 2 Jan 17.3 +0.6 1.4 4 Aug 58.4 126.0 v low 46%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 27.6 +1.0 36.3 17 Nov 16.3 -0.1 1.7 12 Jul 680.2 1029.7 low 66%
Gayndah Airport 29.6 +1.1 43.1 4 Jan 14.9 +0.6 -1.1 9 Jul 434.6 611.0 low 71%
Gladstone Airport 27.5 +0.3 37.7 4 Jan 18.1 +0.1 4.5 12 Jul 1022.0 859.6 high 119%
Gladstone Radar 28.2 +0.5 38.1 4 Jan 18.8 +0.3 8.0 19 Jul 941.4 895.0 average 105%
Monto Township 28.5 +1.2 41.3 4 Jan 13.4 +0.5 -3.0 12 Jul 628.3 741.5 average 85%
Rockhampton Aero 28.8 +0.5 42.0 4 Jan 17.4 +0.7 2.4 12 Jul 1031.4 814.8 high 127%
Rundle Island 24.7 -0.1 32.0 7 Jan 20.8 0.0 11.6 19 Jul
Thangool Airport 29.4 +0.3 41.1 4 Jan 13.0 -0.2 -3.2 19 Jul 740.0 668.8 high 111%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 28.0 +1.3 43.9 4 Jan 12.9 -0.2 -2.7 9 Jul 587.6 853.5 low 69%
Archerfield Airport 27.4 +1.2 43.5 4 Jan 14.9 +0.5 0.5 9 Jul 770.6 1064.0 low 72%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 27.7   44.6 4 Jan 13.2   -3.8 12 Jul 642.0
Beerburrum Forest Station 26.9 +0.5 43.7 4 Jan 14.8 +0.1 1.8 9 Jul 1047.0 1419.7 low 74%
Brisbane 27.0 +0.6 38.9 16 Nov 16.7 +0.5 2.6 12 Jul 790.2 991.3 low 80%
Brisbane Aero 25.8 +0.5 34.3 4 Jan 16.2 +0.6 2.6 12 Jul 642.2 1048.5 v low 61%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 24.3 +1.0 29.9 17 Feb 18.9 +0.9 8.9 19 Jul
Coolangatta 25.6 +1.0 37.1 17 Dec 15.9 0.0 1.0 12 Jul 994.2 1512.2 v low 66%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 25.5 +1.3 35.7 30 Dec 19.2 +0.5 9.2 19 Jul 1000.8 1374.5 low 73%
Gold Coast Seaway 25.9 +0.7 36.9 17 Dec 17.5 +0.3 6.9 27 Jun 839.8 1276.6 lowest 66%
Gympie 27.7 +0.5 42.4 4 Jan 14.2 +0.6 -1.5 12 Jul 801.4 1127.1 low 71%
Hervey Bay Airport 26.7 +0.5 32.9 21 Feb 16.4 -0.3 1.2 12 Jul 844.6 1088.7 v low 78%
Kingaroy Airport 26.4 +0.7 41.0 4 Jan 11.4 +0.2 -5.7 12 Jul 502.8 656.6 low 77%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 26.7 +0.8 41.9 4 Jan     3.5 8 Jul 721.8 1086.6 v low 66%
Maryborough 27.8 +0.9 36.4 21 Feb 15.4 +0.1 -0.3 11 Jul 816.6 1141.0 low 72%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 26.4   43.3 4 Jan 15.8   3.5 12 Jul 1155.4
Rainbow Beach 25.6 +0.2 36.6 4 Jan       1146.0 1480.4 low 77%
Redcliffe 25.4  +0.3 36.4 16 Nov 17.3 +0.8 4.8 9 Jul 625.4 1087.6 v low 58%
Sunshine Coast Airport 26.4 +1.1 41.3 4 Jan 15.9 +0.1 1.8 13 Jul 1094.6 1477.3 low 74%
Tewantin RSL Park 25.6 +0.4 41.7 4 Jan 17.2 +0.3 5.3 7 Jul 1090.2 1598.8 v low 68%
Toolara (Kelly) 27.3 +0.3 41.7 4 Jan 16.6 +0.2 6.2 7 Jul 1405.8 1320.1 average 106%
University of Queensland Gatton 28.2 +1.4 44.2 4 Jan 13.3 +0.3 -1.6 2 Jul 647.8 773.0 low 84%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 22.4 +1.7 37.8 3 Jan 9.4 +0.4 -5.5 8 Jul 668.2 761.5 low 88%
Dalby Airport 27.6 +0.8 42.6 4 Jan 12.1 +0.2 -5.0 12 Jul 445.0 613.7 v low 73%
Goondiwindi Airport 28.2 +1.0 46.4 3 Jan 13.7 +0.9 -1.9 12 Jul 445.4 619.2 low 72%
Oakey Aero 26.5 +1.1 41.7 4 Jan 11.4 +0.5 -6.1 12 Jul 424.4 625.7 low 68%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 22.7 +1.0 37.1 3 Jan 9.5 +0.7 -7.0 12 Jul 701.7 766.9 average 91%
Texas Post Office 28.0 +1.1 44.2 3 Jan 12.5 +1.1 -3.8 11 Jul 493.0 659.0 low 75%
Toowoomba Airport 23.9 +0.9 39.5 4 Jan 12.8 +0.3 -0.2 19 Jul 662.0 731.5 average 90%
Warwick 25.6 +1.0 40.9 4 Jan 10.9 +0.5 -6.1 8 Jul 591.8 683.2 average 87%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 28.4 +0.8 43.2 3 Jan 13.3 +0.4 -4.3 12 Jul 566.6 551.4 average 103%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 28.9 +1.3 43.8 4 Jan 13.0 +1.2 -4.9 12 Jul 606.8 637.2 average 95%
Mitchell Post Office 29.5 +2.0 45.2 3 Jan 13.0 +1.3 -4.7 3 Aug 637.3 570.9 average 112%
Roma Airport 29.1 +1.3 45.8 3 Jan 13.4 +0.8 -4.3 12 Jul 508.8 584.9 average 87%
St George Airport 28.8 +0.9 47.2 3 Jan 14.5 +0.8 -1.9 12 Jul 352.0 496.0 low 71%
Surat 28.7 +0.9 45.7 3 Jan 14.0 +1.0 -4.4 12 Jul 546.1 577.7 average 95%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 29.3 +1.3 47.0 4 Jan 14.6 +1.4 -2.0 12 Jul 367.4 464.4 average 79%
Charleville Aero 29.7 +1.6 46.1 3 Jan 14.9 +1.4 -1.9 19 Jul 475.8 493.3 average 96%
Cunnamulla Post Office 29.6 +1.5 47.2 3 Jan 15.4 +1.2 0.0 12 Jul 340.2 376.3 average 90%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 31.1 +0.8 47.8 2 Jan 17.2 +0.7 3.0 14 Aug 136.4 186.0 average 73%
Thargomindah Airport 30.3 +0.7 46.9 2 Jan 16.5 +0.4 0.5 11 Jul 290.2 281.9 average 103%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Middle Percy Island 25.2 +0.2 31.4 31 Dec 20.1 0.0 12.1 19 Jul 1040.0 1250.2 low 83%
Willis Island 28.6 0.0 32.9 12 Dec 24.3 +0.3 19.3 9 Jun 920.0 1117.3 low 82%

Notes

The Annual Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Tuesday 6 January 2015. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

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