South Australia in 2016: a wet year, variable temperatures

Several heavy rain events brought flooding to parts of South Australia during the year. Temperatures were above average overall, though strong southwesterly winds and several vigorous cold frontal systems brought much cooler days and nights for many districts during winter and spring.

Heavy rain and flooding, and a wet year overall

  • There were numerous occasions when severe thunderstorms resulted in very heavy rainfall that led to flooding across parts of the State
  • Heavy rain resulted in some sites reporting their wettest day on record and several locations reported their wettest year on record or their wettest year for many decades
  • Total rain for South Australia was 63% above average, the fourth-wettest calendar year on record, and the wettest year since 2010
  • Uraidla in the Adelaide Hills, registered 1790.6 mm, the highest annual total recorded at any South Australian station since 1917
  • During September, major flood levels were reached in number of catchments as heavy rain fell over the Yorke Peninsula, Mount Lofty Ranges and Adelaide metropolitan districts
  • The year finished with storms and record breaking heavy rainfall at the end December

A warm autumn, cool spring, warm overall

  • Temperatures varied markedly during 2016, with a warm first half of the year that included the State's fifth-warmest autumn on record, then a near-average winter but a cool spring that included the ninth-coolest September days on record
  • Northern and eastern districts were affected by an extended period of heat that resulted in several locations having their warmest March nights on record
  • South Australia's mean temperature for 2016 was 0.58 °C above average, but the coolest year overall since 2012
  • Despite cooler nights during spring, the State's mean minimum for 2016 was equal seventh warmest at 0.73 °C above average
  • The mean maximum for 2016 was 0.43 °C above average, but after several exceptionally warm years, it was the the coolest days overall since 2011

Severe thunderstorms, flooding and strong winds

  • In early May a significant storm surge occurred in Gulf waters as a deep low pressure system affected southern parts of South Australia
  • Central and eastern districts were impacted by severe thunderstorms and a tornado outbreak that caused widespread damage in late September
  • Southern coasts and elevated regions across agricultural areas experienced persistent and strong westerly winds on many days during October, intensified by several squally and vigorous cold fronts that crossed the State
  • Storms at the end of December caused widespread power outages and damage to properties across the Adelaide Hills as well as flash flooding in the hills and metropolitan region
  • On 7 December, a wind gust of 141 km/h was observed at Moonta (Warburto Point) as thunderstorms crossed the State, this is the highest wind speed to be recorded in the State since 31 December 2009

Adelaide: plenty of rain, mild temperatures

  • April and November were relatively dry but most other months were quite wet, especially in winter and early spring
  • With a total of 820.8 mm of rainfall for 2016, Adelaide recorded its second-wettest year on record and the wettest since 1992 (883.2 mm) for the city (including observations from both Kent Town and West Terrace)
  • Adelaide's mean temperature for the year was 17.6 °C, just 0.3 °C above the long-term average
  • Nights were generally mild in Adelaide, with a mean daily minimum temperature of 12.4 °C, just 0.1 °C above average
  • Daytime temperatures were also mild in Adelaide, with a mean daily maximum of 22.9 °C coming in 0.5 °C above average, but overall, days were the coolest since 2012

Further information

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Extremes in 2016
Hottest day 45.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 1 Dec
Warmest days on average 29.2 °C at Moomba Airport
29.2 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 17.0 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 4.6 °C at Mount Lofty on 12 Jul
Coldest night -5.0 °C at Yunta Airstrip on 16 Jul
Coolest nights on average 8.6 °C at Keith (Munkora)
Warmest nights on average 16.1 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 31.8 °C at Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) on 13 Jan
31.8 °C at Moomba Airport on 27 Dec
Warmest on average overall 22.6 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 12.9 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 1790.6 mm at Uraidla
Wettest day 130.8 mm at Kalamurina on 1 Jan
Strongest wind gust 141 km/h at Moonta (Warburto Point) on 7 Dec

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Aldgate 100.6 on 28 Dec 90.0 on 23 May 2011 48
Port Parham 86.2 on 28 Dec 81.0 on 7 Feb 1997 48
Victor Harbor (Berrima) 95.4 on 6 Jul 70.0 on 24 Oct 1975 43
Coffin Bay 75.8 on 2 Feb 54.4 on 13 Jun 2014 32
Mintabie 83.0 on 27 Dec =83.0 on 15 Oct 2005 25
McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 46.4 on 5 Jul 42.0 on 1 Mar 2012 24



Record highest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Bute 696.0 656.1 in 1917 127 396.7
Hahndorf 1356.4 1301.1 in 1923 126 853.4
Macclesfield 1109.6 1090.9 in 1917 126 735.9
Uraidla 1790.6 1759.2 in 1909 121 1085.3
Cherry Gardens 1378.5 1373.5 in 1923 112 924.7
Penneshaw 704.9 694.7 in 1992 101 505.2
Myponga 1187.5 1075.5 in 1974 87 756.3
Inman Valley 1123.2 1105.6 in 1992 77 747.3
Mount Bold Reservoir 1215.6 1180.6 in 1992 77 772.8
Tarcoola (Mobella) 380.1 366.1 in 1973 50 174.6
Parndana (Turkey Lane) 1067.6 1055.4 in 1992 49 720.3
Aldgate 1657.8 1556.0 in 1992 40 1088.7
Burnside 949.0 921.2 in 1917 34 615.1
Kalamurina 434.2 416.2 in 2010 25 179.9
Heathfield Works Depot 1584.9 1467.7 in 1992 24 1038.0
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 726.4 706.4 in 2000 22 500.2
Clare High School 821.8 708.4 in 2000 22 558.2
Coulta (Coles Point) 556.6 550.0 in 2010 22 368.2
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 1153.0 1093.2 in 2001 22 839.9
Coober Pedy Airport 308.2 253.0 in 2011 21 140.4
Mount Crawford AWS 958.8 894.6 in 2003 21 660.9

Highest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Moonta 597.1 681.1 in 1889* 371.3
Nairne 1024.2 1087.7 in 1917* 680.4
Adelaide (Morphett Vale) 846.4 872.2 in 1906* 571.2
Meadows 1224.5 1302.3 in 1923* 874.9
Mintaro 900.0 1136.1 in 1917* 599.0
Maitland 760.3 779.3 in 1916* 506.0
Penola Post Office 859.6 907.0 in 1947* 657.5
Kingston SE 734.2 794.4 in 1947* 586.6
Finniss 747.6 781.5 in 1946* 492.8
Keith 616.6 636.8 in 1974 460.9
Mount Schank (Jethia) 961.0 978.0 in 1971* 744.7
Parafield Airport 616.6 649.8 in 1974* 453.5
Port Wakefield 485.8 584.3 in 1974* 332.6
Kalangadoo 905.6 910.9 in 1973* 743.5
Wolseley 663.8 680.0 in 1974* 476.2
Port Clinton (Yararoo) 617.3 654.3 in 1974* 392.4
Prospect Hill 1215.6 1231.8 in 1971* 845.8
Port Parham 563.1 570.9 in 1974* 363.2
Padthaway (Marcollat) 674.5 684.8 in 1983* 516.7
Woodside 1094.8 1147.4 in 1971* 810.3
Adelaide (Kent Town) 820.8 883.2 in 1992 551.0
Ceduna AMO 363.8 522.2 in 1992 295.5
Coober Pedy 311.9 391.6 in 1989* 158.0
Darke Peak 480.2 584.9 in 1992 380.8
Eudunda 642.8 817.8 in 1992 448.9
Freeling 747.7 834.0 in 1992 490.5
Hilltown 689.0 716.1 in 1974* 476.1
Redhill 606.0 697.3 in 1992 419.1
Woomera Aerodrome 278.6 363.0 in 1992 183.6
Adelaide (Hope Valley Reservoir) 843.0 918.4 in 1992* 591.9
Adelaide Airport 642.8 730.8 in 1992* 442.6
Brinkworth (Bungaree) 816.8 904.4 in 1992* 579.3
Coulta 656.8 849.8 in 1992* 520.4
Kapunda 722.7 756.6 in 1992* 494.3
Kimba 481.6 513.2 in 1993 348.2
Laura 642.3 861.9 in 1992* 459.0
Mount Barker 1128.0 1147.1 in 1992* 765.1
Parachilna (Motpena) 390.4 450.8 in 1992* 234.9
Port Germein 447.2 528.4 in 1992* 326.9
Streaky Bay 485.5 633.4 in 1992* 378.5
Tanunda 743.4 872.6 in 1992* 548.5
Victor Harbor (Rivington Grange) 1037.8 1040.2 in 1992* 699.5
Wilmington 601.8 818.3 in 1992* 441.4
Yorketown 516.0 690.6 in 1992* 419.8
Appila 613.4 706.4 in 1992* 386.1
Edinburgh RAAF 622.0 674.2 in 1992* 434.6
Farrell Flat 700.4 755.3 in 1992* 474.4
Frances 654.0 718.7 in 1992* 518.4
Jamestown 734.5 830.4 in 1992* 464.6
Jamestown Pirsa 650.0 799.2 in 1992* 454.5
Koolunga 564.3 670.8 in 1992* 393.8
Langhorne Creek 486.0 623.4 in 1992* 388.7
Lenswood Research Centre 1461.8 1609.0 in 1992* 1015.3
Marrabel 677.6 892.7 in 1992* 521.2
North Adelaide 737.0 832.0 in 1992* 540.2
Orroroo (Black Rock) 484.5 596.1 in 1992* 310.0
Parawa (Sharon) 1371.4 1379.0 in 1992* 946.9
Quorn 483.4 647.9 in 1992* 332.0
Spalding 575.4 685.6 in 1992* 436.8
Tarlee 767.1 795.8 in 1992* 472.3
Truro 761.9 1048.0 in 1992* 495.6
Wirrulla 423.2 538.3 in 1992* 304.2
Birdwood 1054.0 1189.0 in 1992* 721.6
Caltowie 624.2 720.1 in 1992* 447.2
Cowell (Winter Springs) 543.4 591.4 in 1992* 345.7
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) 1202.6 1288.0 in 1992* 859.5
Loxton Research Centre 337.8 414.1 in 1992* 262.5
Lyndoch 804.4 892.2 in 1992* 559.9
Minlaton 505.2 718.4 in 1992* 430.4
Orroroo 482.2 621.6 in 1992* 342.9
Point Pass 663.9 701.2 in 1992* 448.3
Strathalbyn 725.7 879.4 in 1992* 492.5
Adelaide (Salisbury Bowling Club) 642.3 723.8 in 1992* 467.3
Booleroo Centre 594.5 681.0 in 1992* 393.9
Booleroo Centre (Willowie) 439.4 524.6 in 1992* 317.1
Coonalpyn 635.8 655.4 in 1992* 451.2
Crystal Brook 567.6 619.5 in 1992* 400.0
Cummins 515.4 686.0 in 1992* 424.6
Gladstone 613.2 690.2 in 1992* 418.1
Huddleston (Willow Ponds) 652.4 705.2 in 1992* 444.5
Karoonda 581.9 601.4 in 1992* 343.2
Lobethal 1292.4 1421.4 in 1992* 887.2
Minlaton (Eversley) 567.8 739.6 in 1992* 444.1
Mount Hope (Fairview) 656.4 706.2 in 1992* 418.5
Port Broughton 468.6 551.6 in 1992* 351.6
Purnong (Claypans) 477.8 508.8 in 1992* 308.6
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 633.2 814.4 in 1992* 468.4
Waddikee 446.0 542.5 in 1992* 336.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Kingscote Aero 9.3 on 12 Jul 10.7 on 28 Jul 1998 23 21.0



Lowest annual mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Annual
average
Elliston 21.3 21.0 in 1995 21.5



Record lowest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) -0.3 on 16 Jul 0.1 on 27 Sep 1994 25 11.4



Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Coonawarra 8.9 = 8.9 in 1988 30 8.0
Moomba Airport 16.1 = 16.1 in 2009 20 15.5



Summary statistics for 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2016
Mean
for
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2016
Total
for
2016
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2016
Fraction
of annual
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 27.7 +0.1 45.0 12 Jan 14.5 +0.7 0.5 17 Jul 274.8 194.2 high 142%
Coober Pedy Airport 27.6 -0.1 44.2 23 Feb 14.4 +0.2 1.5 17 Jul 308.2 140.4 highest 220%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 26.6 -0.9 40.5 13 Feb 13.4 +0.2 -0.6 26 Jul 544.6 276.7 high 197%
Mount Ive 25.5   42.5 12 Jan     0.0 15 Jul 331.6 240.4 high 138%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 27.6 -0.1 44.5 12 Jan 13.2 +0.6 -2.0 15 Jul
Tarcoola Aero 27.1 -0.6 44.4 12 Jan 12.2 0.0 -1.4 16 Jul 307.2 179.9 high 171%
Woomera Aerodrome 26.5 +0.7 43.9 22 Feb 13.4 +0.7 1.6 16 Jul 278.6 183.6 high 152%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 26.6 +0.2 43.6 12 Jan 13.2 +0.4 -1.1 15 Jul 390.6 230.1 v high 170%
Marree Aero 28.8 -0.3 44.2 24 Feb 14.1 +0.1 -0.2 16 Jul ^ 149.7    
Moomba Airport 29.2 -0.3 44.9 4 Dec 16.1 +0.6 2.8 7 Jul 270.0 177.7 high 152%
Oodnadatta Airport 29.2 +0.1 45.9 1 Dec 15.4 +0.8 0.0 16 Jul 288.0 176.4 high 163%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 23.5 0.0 43.6 12 Dec 10.9 +0.5 -1.2 16 Jul 363.8 295.5 high 123%
Cleve 22.1 0.0 41.0 25 Dec 11.8 +0.4 3.2 14 Jul 589.2 402.2 v high 146%
Cleve Aerodrome 22.1 -0.5 42.0 25 Dec 11.1 -0.4 1.4 24 Aug 492.2 359.6 high 137%
Coulta (Coles Point) 21.4 -0.2 39.9 19 Jan 10.9 -0.3 1.7 16 Jul 556.6 368.2 highest 151%
Cummins Aero 22.5   40.9 25 Dec 9.5   -0.2 6 Jul 527.2
Elliston 21.3 -0.2 39.1 25 Dec     2.1 16 Jul 543.9 427.1 v high 127%
Kimba     40.5 26 Dec 10.4 0.0 0.0 16 Jul 481.6 348.2 high 138%
Kyancutta 25.6 +0.4 42.1 22 Feb 9.6 +0.3 -2.6 26 Aug 333.3 313.2 average 106%
Minnipa Pirsa 24.2 -0.5 41.9 25 Dec 10.9 -0.2 0.8 21 Sep 378.0 279.5 v high 135%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 21.2 -0.1 38.5 23 Dec 11.2 -0.2 -0.3 16 Jul 497.4 394.6 high 126%
Nullarbor 23.5 -0.3 45.5 12 Jan 10.9 +0.1 0.3 16 Jul 384.6 251.1 v high 153%
Streaky Bay 22.9 -0.2 39.2 12 Jan 12.5 +0.3 3.8 25 Aug 485.5 378.5 v high 128%
Whyalla Aero 23.8 +0.1 42.0 13 Jan 11.8 +0.3 -1.0 15 Jul 363.4 266.8 v high 136%
Wudinna Aero 25.2 -0.2 43.3 25 Dec     -2.0 26 Aug 278.4 274.4 average 101%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 25.5 +0.3 42.0 23 Feb     -3.5 15 Jul 411.7 309.7 high 133%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 25.2 -0.1 44.6 23 Feb 9.5 +0.2 -4.0 16 Jul 425.3 285.5 high 149%
Yunta Airstrip 24.6 0.0 42.6 23 Feb 9.8 +0.3 -5.0 16 Jul 255.0 207.6 average 123%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 21.3 0.0 40.0 25 Dec 9.2 +0.2 -2.0 15 Jul 821.8 558.2 highest 147%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 24.7   42.8 25 Dec 11.1   -0.7 16 Jul 457.2
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 23.6 -0.6 42.2 25 Dec 9.3 +0.3 -1.5 15 Jul 641.8 380.6 v high 169%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Kadina AWS 23.2 -0.6 41.6 25 Dec 9.9 +0.1 -1.7 16 Jul 526.6 348.0 v high 151%
Minlaton Aero 22.5 -0.1 41.3 25 Dec 10.8 -0.1 1.7 19 Oct 410.4 357.7 average 115%
Stenhouse Bay 20.2 -0.2 38.0 12 Dec 12.8 -0.2 4.1 16 Jul 544.8 443.7 high 123%
Warooka 21.1 -0.1 38.4 25 Dec 12.0 +0.5 4.2 16 Jul 515.8 444.2 high 116%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 18.8 -0.4 34.6 25 Dec 11.4 -0.2 4.8 13 Jul 746.7 564.4 v high 132%
Kingscote Aero 20.6 -0.4 36.6 10 Jan 9.4 +0.4 -0.9 16 Jul 682.8 454.8 v high 150%
Parndana Cfs AWS 19.2   38.6 25 Dec 9.6   2.2 25 Jun 746.2
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 22.9 +0.5 41.3 25 Dec 12.4 +0.1 2.0 16 Jul 820.8 551.0 v high 149%
Adelaide Airport 21.8 +0.3 38.9 25 Dec 12.3 +0.9 2.3 6 Aug 642.8 442.6 v high 145%
Edinburgh RAAF 22.8 +0.2 41.0 25 Dec 11.3 +0.2 1.8 16 Jul 622.0 434.6 v high 143%
Parafield Airport 23.1 +0.7 41.3 25 Dec 11.2 0.0 -0.2 16 Jul 616.6 453.5 v high 136%
Roseworthy AWS 23.1 -0.6 41.7 25 Dec 10.1 +0.4 -0.2 25 Aug 601.6 389.0 v high 155%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 21.4 -0.2 40.1 25 Dec 9.3 +0.1 -1.8 16 Jul 754.2 482.3 v high 156%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 22.8 +0.2 41.5 25 Dec 9.8 -0.2 -0.1 25 Aug 633.2 468.4 v high 135%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 20.5 -0.3 37.1 23 Dec 11.9 +0.1 2.3 13 Jun 522.4 394.8 v high 132%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 19.1 -0.2 36.6 25 Dec 10.3 0.0 2.3 13 Jun
Mount Crawford AWS 19.0 0.0 37.5 25 Dec 9.6 -0.1 1.1 13 Jul 958.8 660.9 highest 145%
Mount Lofty 17.0 +1.8 35.4 25 Dec 8.8 +0.2 0.6 5 Jul 1570.4
Noarlunga 21.5 -0.2 38.9 25 Dec 12.7 0.0 4.0 17 Jul 618.6 460.9 v high 134%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 17.4 -0.1 36.0 25 Dec 10.4 +0.2 3.1 13 Jul 1153.0 839.9 highest 137%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 20.3 -0.3 37.8 19 Jan 10.2 0.0 -1.0 17 Jul 819.8 549.2 v high 149%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 24.4 +0.4 43.7 23 Feb 9.8 +0.8 -2.1 13 Jun 337.8 262.5 v high 129%
Renmark Aero 24.9 0.0 44.9 23 Feb 10.1 +0.4 -3.8 13 Jun * 241.6    
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 21.2 +0.1 39.2 23 Feb 9.5 +0.2 0.3 16 Jul 642.8 448.9 v high 143%
Meningie 20.9 +0.1 38.9 25 Dec 10.9 +0.6 0.6 17 Jul 587.6 469.1 high 125%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 22.9   42.2 25 Dec 9.1   -1.8 27 Aug 423.6 332.7 high 127%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 21.4 -0.2 39.2 25 Dec 10.5 +0.3 0.4 16 Jul 657.8 423.0 v high 156%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 23.1 -0.5 42.4 13 Jan 9.2 -0.1 0.0 16 Jul 581.9 343.2 v high 170%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 22.4 +0.1 41.0 8 Mar 9.7 +0.5 0.0 25 Aug 616.6 460.9 v high 134%
Keith (Munkora) 22.4 -0.5 41.8 8 Mar 8.6 +0.7 -1.6 25 Aug 591.2 408.1 v high 145%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 22.9 -0.5 41.7 13 Jan 9.0 +0.2 -0.5 25 Aug 408.4 318.5 high 128%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 18.9 -0.4 34.9 23 Dec 10.8 +0.5 2.3 4 Jun 726.4 500.2 highest 145%
Coonawarra 20.5 0.0 38.4 8 Mar 8.9 +0.9 -0.2 19 Jun
Mount Gambier Aero 19.5 +0.5 38.4 13 Jan 9.0 +0.9 0.2 23 Aug 864.4 710.5 v high 122%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 21.2 -0.5 40.3 19 Jan 8.8 +0.8 -0.6 24 Aug 660.6 484.0 v high 136%
Padthaway South 21.3 -0.3 39.6 8 Mar 8.9 +0.4 -0.9 16 Jul 593.2 453.8 high 131%
Robe Airfield 19.3 -0.4 35.5 19 Jan 9.9 +0.4 0.1 15 Jun 870.2 603.6 v high 144%

Note: ^ a previously published value for Marree is believed to be incorrect.
* a previously published value for Renmark is believed to be incorrect; the annual total is at least 299 mm but most likely higher.


Notes

The Annual climate summary, generally published on the second working day of the year, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 3 pm on Thursday 5 January 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries