South Australia in 2019: very dry with warm days

Rainfall in 2019 was below average across almost all of South Australia, including large areas of driest on record in the north and west. Overall, it was the State's driest year on record, with large areas of the Pastoral districts receiving less than 30 mm. Daytime temperatures were highest on record in many areas of the Pastoral districts and warmer than average elsewhere. Night-time temperatures were closer to average, but still warmer than average in most districts. Overall, it was South Australia's second-warmest year on record.

Driest year on record

  • Rainfall for South Australia was 65% below average, the State's driest year on record
  • Averaged across the State, 80.0 mm was recorded during 2019, making it the first year since national rainfall records began in 1900 that South Australia has had less than 100 mm of rainfall, with the previous lowest being 111.4 mm in 1944
  • Rainfall was below average across almost all of South Australia, with large areas of driest on record in the northern Pastoral districts
  • Many parts of outback South Australia had less than 30 mm for the year, with Marree only receiving 12.6 mm
  • Numerous sites had either their lowest total rainfall on record or their lowest total rainfall for at least 20 years
  • In May, rainfall in many Agricultural districts was above average, as several cold fronts and associated cloud bands crossed southern areas of the State
  • Rainfall was well below average in most other months of the year, including the State's second-driest October on record, tenth-driest February, and tenth-driest July
  • Further information about the dry conditions can be found in the Special Climate Statement Drought conditions in eastern Australia and impact on water resources in the Murray-Darling Basin
  • In March, rain that had earlier fallen from a monsoonal low pressure system and ex-tropical cyclone Trevor began flowing into Lake Eyre (North) / Kati-Thanda, with flood warnings issued for parts of the Lake Eyre Basin at Goyder Lagoon and the Warburton River as roads were cut and flood plains inundated

Second-warmest year on record

  • The overall mean temperature for South Australia was 1.45 °C above average, making it the State's second-warmest year on record and warmest since 2013
  • Daytime temperatures were warmer than average across South Australia, with large areas of highest on record mean maximum temperatures in the west and north of the State
  • The State's mean maximum temperature was 2.30 °C above average, the highest on record, exceeding the previous highest of +2.02 °C in 2013
  • Mean maximum temperatures were above average for every month of the year, including the State's highest on record for January and December, third-highest October, fifth-highest July, and sixth-highest April and September
  • The highest temperature recorded during the year was 49.9 °C at Nullarbor on 19 December
  • Earlier in the year on 24 January, another day of extreme heat saw many more sites having their highest temperature on record
  • Further information about the heatwaves that affected large areas of the country at the start of 2019 can be found in the Special Climate Statement Widespread heatwaves during December 2018 and January 2019
  • South Australia as a whole had its hottest day on record on 19 December, when it reached 47.1 °C, exceeding the previous record of 45.7 °C on 24 January 2019
  • South Australia's hottest day in December came during a week of very hot temperatures, which included four consecutive days when the statewide area average for maximum temperature was close to or above the previous December record of 43.8 °C on 21 December 1972
  • Night-time temperatures were warmer than average in most districts
  • There were pockets of cooler than average mean minimum temperatures in some southern and eastern Agricultural districts
  • A cold snap in June meant several sites had their lowest temperature on record, with more cold nights in August and September
  • The coldest temperature recorded during the year was -7.1 °C at Yunta Airstrip on 24 June
  • The State's mean minimum temperature was 0.59 °C above average
  • Mean minimum temperatures were fourth-highest on record in January, but there were several cooler than average months, including the coolest November nights since 1992
  • Numerous sites had their highest mean daily maximum temperature on record
  • Several sites had their warmest night on record
  • North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) equalled its lowest mean daily minimum temperature on record and Streaky Bay had its lowest mean daily minimum temperature since 1969
  • A few sites had their highest mean temperature on record

Further information

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Extremes in 2019
Hottest day 49.9 °C at Nullarbor on 19 Dec
Warmest days on average 31.3 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 18.0 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 4.9 °C at Mount Lofty on 18 Aug
Coldest night -7.1 °C at Yunta Airstrip on 24 Jun
Coolest nights on average 7.8 °C at Keith (Munkora)
Warmest nights on average 15.9 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 36.1 °C at Moomba Airport on 26 Jan
Warmest on average overall 23.2 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.6 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 827.0 mm at Uraidla
Driest overall 12.6 mm at Marree Aero
Wettest day 87.0 mm at Mambray Creek (Bernie's Block) on 10 May
Strongest wind gust 128 km/h at Kadina AWS on 20 Dec

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Port Clinton (Yararoo) 202.0 202.7 in 1959 139 390.2
Booleroo Centre 186.1 195.6 in 1940 133 390.7
Penong 151.2 156.9 in 1994 117 317.2
Marree (Witchelina Station) 25.8 35.3 in 1967 111 151.0
Kimba 149.8 173.8 in 1994 99 344.8
Alawoona 137.2 143.4 in 1982 97 286.2
Cook 29.5 53.8 in 1928 88 181.8
Nundroo 158.8 164.6 in 1994 87 316.3
Tarcoola (Mulgathing) 34.9 44.3 in 1967 84 179.4
Oodnadatta Airport 21.6 43.2 in 2006 69 173.6
Todmorden 29.2 57.6 in 1994 68 184.9
Andamooka 33.4 39.0 in 2002 54 189.0
Cleve Aerodrome 154.6 199.0 in 1967 53 353.4
Minlaton (Eversley) 278.0 292.7 in 1982 46 439.0
Port Parham 183.8 204.1 in 2018 39 354.4
Cameron Corner (Lindon) 35.2 36.0 in 2018 30 172.0
Tieyon 44.0 88.0 in 1996 25 227.1
Moomba Airport 32.8 43.4 in 2014 23 164.1
Morgan (Brenda Park Station) 126.4 163.1 in 2006 23 281.9
Tarcoola Aero 42.4 63.4 in 2002 22 178.7
Marree Aero 12.6 31.4 in 2002 21 136.1

>
Lowest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Annual
average
Cleve 203.2 194.6 in 1897 399.9
Hawker 88.2 84.9 in 1940* 305.6
Koonamore 63.8 37.7 in 1940* 215.2
Blinman 93.8 83.6 in 1940* 307.7
Mount Eba 42.0 31.0 in 1944* 148.1
Nullarbor 107.4 94.0 in 1928* 251.2
Yacka 229.1 195.2 in 1967* 405.9
Crystal Brook 201.0 198.9 in 1967* 396.7
Huddleston (Willow Ponds) 242.2 200.2 in 1967* 436.8
Caltowie 241.1 217.3 in 1967* 446.3
Mount Ive 84.2 71.0 in 1881* 235.3
Eudunda 249.0 220.5 in 1982 446.1
Redhill 244.8 213.0 in 1982 416.4
Yunta (Panaramitee) 75.0 63.0 in 1982* 225.1
Sedan (Sandleton) 115.9 98.5 in 1982* 265.5
Truro 320.1 225.1 in 1982* 493.3
Port Wakefield 187.8 172.8 in 1982* 331.0
Wirrabara 229.8 211.6 in 1982* 471.1
Yongala 174.2 164.0 in 1982* 363.2
Birdwood 450.0 374.7 in 1982* 718.2
Nairne 454.4 371.1 in 1982* 675.3
Quorn 158.8 118.5 in 1982* 330.8
Gulnare 280.2 229.4 in 1982* 467.6
Hiltaba 150.6 141.7 in 1948* 262.6
Mintaro 363.7 288.2 in 1967* 594.4
Palmer 194.9 165.9 in 1982* 413.7
Oodla Wirra 133.5 86.8 in 1982* 306.7
Riverton 320.2 299.8 in 1982* 526.0
Burra Community School 220.6 192.2 in 1982* 421.4
Williamstown 427.2 388.8 in 1982* 678.1
Australia Plains 163.8 124.8 in 1982* 301.2
Berri 113.4 96.9 in 1982* 267.2
Bower 126.8 102.6 in 1982* 253.2
Paruna 136.4 99.4 in 1982* 288.6
Keyneton 322.4 273.0 in 1982* 529.4
Port Vincent 201.4 195.5 in 1982* 360.7
Clare (Calcannia) 350.9 324.8 in 1994 539.9
Darke Peak 206.0 183.9 in 1994 377.9
Elliston 297.6 228.6 in 1994* 425.9
Wirrulla 187.8 184.0 in 1994* 302.4
Yardea 119.0 105.6 in 1994* 271.9
Cowell (Winter Springs) 148.2 135.2 in 1994* 338.4
Booleroo Centre (Willowie) 164.1 154.4 in 1994* 314.8
Macclesfield 519.6 515.8 in 1994* 732.7
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 317.6 301.8 in 1994* 466.2
Buckleboo (Karinya) 161.2 122.8 in 1994* 290.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 46.6 on 24 Jan 46.1 on 12 Jan 1939 96 21.8
Ceduna AMO 48.9 on 19 Dec 47.9 on 2 Jan 1990 79 23.5
Mount Gambier Aero 45.9 on 20 Dec 44.9 on 2 Feb 2014 78 19.0
Woomera Aerodrome 48.2 on 20 Dec 48.1 on 25 Jan 2011 71 25.9
Adelaide Airport 45.8 on 24 Jan 44.1 on 4 Jan 2013 65 21.6
Parafield Airport 47.7 on 24 Jan 46.4 on 25 Jan 2003 65 22.5
Cleve 46.0 on 24 Jan 45.2 on 31 Jan 1968 63 22.1
Mount Barker 44.5 on 24 Jan = 44.5 on 28 Jan 2009 63 20.0
Elliston 44.3 on 23 Jan 44.0 on 19 Nov 2009 58 21.5
Keith 47.8 on 20 Dec 46.5 on 2 Feb 2014 58 22.3
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 47.2 on 24 Jan 46.4 on 31 Jan 1968 58 22.6
Eudunda 45.0 on 24 Jan 43.9 on 7 Feb 2009 55 21.1
Meningie 46.1 on 24 Jan 45.1 on 28 Jan 2009 54 20.9
Kimba 47.0 on 24 Jan 46.0 on 4 Jan 2013 53 23.6
Andamooka 48.1 on 24 Jan 47.8 on 25 Jan 2011 51 27.6
Hawker 46.1 on 19 Dec 46.0 on 19 Jan 2003 49 25.3
Edinburgh RAAF 47.5 on 24 Jan 46.2 on 23 Jan 1982 48 22.7
Adelaide (Kent Town) 47.7 on 24 Jan 45.7 on 28 Jan 2009 43 22.5
Maitland 46.3 on 24 Jan 45.0 on 28 Jan 2009 41 21.9
Leigh Creek Airport 46.9 on 24 Jan 46.3 on 6 Jan 2013 38 26.5
Whyalla Aero 48.5 on 24 Jan 48.0 on 7 Feb 2009 38 23.8
Loxton Research Centre 47.3 on 20 Dec 47.1 on 7 Feb 2009 36 24.0
Coonawarra 45.8 on 20 Dec 44.5 on 28 Jan 2009 35 20.5
Nullarbor 49.9 on 19 Dec 48.5 on 2 Jan 1990 34 23.8
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 41.8 on 24 Jan 41.6 on 14 Jan 1996 29 19.3
Edithburgh 47.9 on 24 Jan 46.3 on 26 Nov 1993 29 20.5
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 48.3 on 24 Jan 46.1 on 21 Jan 2006 28 21.3
Clare High School 44.9 on 24 Jan 43.7 on 28 Jan 2009 26 21.4
Coober Pedy Airport 48.3 on 20 Dec 47.4 on 1 Jan 2014 26 27.7
Kingscote Aero 45.4 on 24 Jan 43.8 on 2 Feb 2014 26 21.0
Mount Crawford AWS 43.7 on 24 Jan 43.3 on 28 Jan 2009 26 19.1
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 43.5 on 24 Jan 42.5 on 28 Jan 2009 26 17.6
Renmark Aero 48.6 on 20 Dec 48.2 on 7 Feb 2009 25 25.0
Cleve Aerodrome 47.0 on 24 Jan 46.1 on 4 Jan 2013 24 22.6
Minnipa Pirsa 48.0 on 24 Jan 46.9 on 4 Jan 2013 24 24.7
Nuriootpa Pirsa 46.0 on 24 Jan 44.1 on 28 Jan 2009 24 21.6
Stenhouse Bay 46.7 on 24 Jan 44.0 on 2 Feb 2014 24 20.4
Strathalbyn Racecourse 46.7 on 24 Jan 46.3 on 28 Jan 2009 24 21.7
Ernabella (Pukatja) 45.1 on 24 Dec 43.8 on 11 Jan 2013 23 27.5
Roseworthy AWS 48.3 on 24 Jan 46.7 on 28 Jan 2009 23 23.7
Tarcoola Aero 49.1 on 24 Jan 48.9 on 1 Jan 2014 23 27.7
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 44.0 on 24 Jan 42.7 on 28 Jan 2009 22 19.3
Naracoorte Aerodrome 47.7 on 20 Dec 45.8 on 14 Jan 2014 22 21.7
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 47.3 on 24 Jan 46.0 on 7 Feb 2009 22 24.2
Yunta Airstrip 46.0 on 15 Jan 45.5 on 10 Feb 2017 22 24.6
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 48.6 on 20 Dec 47.5 on 7 Feb 2009 21 25.4
Mount Lofty 41.1 on 24 Jan 37.9 on 28 Jan 2018 21 15.5
Wudinna Aero 48.4 on 19 Dec 48.2 on 4 Jan 2013 21 25.4
Noarlunga 46.2 on 24 Jan 44.6 on 28 Jan 2009 20 21.7
Padthaway South 46.1 on 20 Dec 45.1 on 28 Jan 2009 20 21.6



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Kyancutta 26.8 26.5 in 2007 85 25.2
Woomera Aerodrome 27.9 27.6 in 2014 69 25.9
Oodnadatta Airport 31.3 31.0 in 2013 68 29.1
Elliston 23.2 22.9 in 2013 55 21.5
Eudunda 22.8 22.6 in 2018 54 21.1
Andamooka 29.2 28.8 in 2013 47 27.6
Loxton Research Centre 25.4 25.3 in 2018 34 24.0
Leigh Creek Airport 28.5 28.0 in 2013 33 26.5
Nullarbor 25.5 24.9 in 1994 30 23.8
Clare High School 22.6 22.4 in 2018 24 21.4
Coober Pedy Airport 29.4 28.9 in 2013 24 27.7
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.5 = 18.5 in 2007 24 17.6
Renmark Aero 25.9 = 25.9 in 2018 23 25.0
Nuriootpa Pirsa 22.6 22.5 in 2007 22 21.6
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.5 = 22.5 in 2007 22 21.7
Cleve Aerodrome 23.5 23.4 in 2007 21 22.6
Minnipa Pirsa 25.5 25.4 in 2002 21 24.7
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 28.9 = 28.9 in 2014 21 27.8
Marree Aero 30.5 30.2 in 2018 20 29.1
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 25.1 25.0 in 2018 20 24.2
Yunta Airstrip 25.9 25.6 in 2018 20 24.6

Highest annual mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Cleve 23.4 23.6 in 1988* 22.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 33.6 on 20 Dec 33.2 on 10 Jan 1939 96 12.0
Oodnadatta Airport 34.3 on 25 Jan 34.2 on 28 Jan 2011 72 14.7
Edinburgh RAAF 34.2 on 20 Dec 34.0 on 24 Jan 1982 48 11.2
Maitland 32.0 on 20 Dec 31.1 on 31 Jan 1968 41 11.4
Leigh Creek Airport 33.2 on 20 Dec = 33.2 on 16 Feb 2004 38 12.9
Moomba Airport 36.1 on 26 Jan 35.0 on 17 Feb 2004 25 15.6
Ernabella (Pukatja) 30.5 on 25 Dec 30.0 on 2 Jan 2014 23 13.2
Marree Aero 34.9 on 20 Dec 34.2 on 29 Jan 2018 22 14.0
Yunta Airstrip 32.0 on 20 Dec 31.4 on 22 Jan 2006 22 9.5



Record lowest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Coonawarra -3.8 on 22 Jun -3.6 on 3 Aug 1997 35 8.1
Edithburgh -0.5 on 24 Jun 0.0 on 20 Jul 2015 29 12.1
Stenhouse Bay 2.5 on 24 Jun 2.9 on 1 Aug 2012 24 13.0
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) -6.7 on 24 Jun -6.5 on 7 Jul 2012 21 9.3
Noarlunga 2.0 on 24 Jun 2.4 on 28 Jul 2008 20 12.8
Padthaway South -4.0 on 23 Jun -3.2 on 16 Jun 2007 20 8.6



Record lowest annual mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 10.8 = 10.8 in 1994 26 11.4

Lowest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Annual
average
Streaky Bay 11.6 11.3 in 1969* 12.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Woomera Aerodrome 20.7 = 20.7 in 2014 69 19.3
Leigh Creek Airport 20.9 20.8 in 2014 33 19.7
Clare High School 15.8 = 15.8 in 2014 24 15.2
Coober Pedy Airport 21.9 = 21.9 in 2013 24 21.0



Summary statistics for 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2019
Mean
for
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2019
Total
for
2019
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2019
Fraction
of annual
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 29.2 +1.6 48.1 24 Jan 14.2 +0.3 0.5 24 Jun 33.4 189.0 lowest 18%
Coober Pedy Airport 29.4 +1.7 48.3 20 Dec 14.3 0.0 0.8 22 Jun 24.4 133.8 lowest 18%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 29.3 +1.8 45.1 24 Dec 14.1 +0.9 -3.7 21 Jun 66.0 267.6 v low 25%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 28.9 +1.1 47.8 24 Jan 13.1 +0.5 -2.4 7 Jun 39.2 138.0 v low 28%
Tarcoola Aero 29.2 +1.5 49.1 24 Jan 11.9 -0.3 -3.1 7 Jun 42.4 178.7 lowest 24%
Woomera Aerodrome 27.9 +2.0 48.2 20 Dec 13.5 +0.7 1.4 6 Jun 54.4 180.4 v low 30%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 28.5 +2.0 46.9 24 Jan 13.4 +0.5 -0.6 6 Jun 50.0 218.3 lowest 23%
Marree Aero 30.5 +1.4 48.1 25 Jan     -1.6 24 Jun 12.6 136.1 lowest 9%
Moomba Airport 30.5 +0.9 47.1 23 Jan 15.9 +0.3 0.4 24 Jun 32.8 164.1 lowest 20%
Oodnadatta Airport 31.3 +2.2 48.4 19 Dec 14.8 +0.1 -0.2 22 Jun 21.6 173.6 lowest 12%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 25.0 +1.5 48.9 19 Dec 10.9 +0.4 -1.8 8 Sep 125.1 292.9 lowest 43%
Cleve 23.4 +1.3 46.0 24 Jan 12.0 +0.6 1.5 7 Jun 203.2 399.9 v low 51%
Cleve Aerodrome 23.5 +0.9 47.0 24 Jan 11.5 0.0 1.7 13 Aug 154.6 353.4 lowest 44%
Coffin Bay (Point Avoid) 21.1   41.4 17 Dec 12.4   4.8 6 Jun 348.6
Cultana (Defence) 26.3   48.2 24 Jan 12.5   2.3 19 Aug 132.0
Cummins Aero 23.5 +0.4 46.5 24 Jan 9.1 -0.9 -1.0 27 Aug 340.8 420.1 low 81%
Elliston 23.2 +1.7 44.3 23 Jan 12.4 +0.6 1.6 17 Sep 297.6 425.9 v low 70%
Kyancutta 26.8 +1.6 49.2 24 Jan 9.6 +0.3 -1.8 3 Aug 225.3 311.3 low 72%
Minnipa Pirsa 25.5 +0.8 48.0 24 Jan 11.4 +0.2 1.5 28 Aug 235.2 275.1 low 85%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 22.1 +0.8 48.3 24 Jan 10.8 -0.6 1.9 10 Sep 261.8 384.6 lowest 68%
Nullarbor 25.5 +1.7 49.9 19 Dec 10.8 0.0 -0.7 7 Jun 107.4 251.2 v low 43%
Port Augusta Aero 27.1 +0.7 49.5 24 Jan 12.6 +0.5 -0.4 2 Jul 120.6 209.7 low 58%
Streaky Bay 24.3 +1.2 47.1 19 Dec 11.6 -0.6 2.4 17 Sep 287.9 377.4 low 76%
Whyalla Aero 24.6 +0.8 48.5 24 Jan 11.7 +0.2 -0.9 24 Jun 151.2 259.9 v low 58%
Wudinna Aero 26.3 +0.9 48.4 19 Dec 9.8 -0.4 -2.8 27 Aug 201.4 269.7 v low 75%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 26.4 +1.0 48.6 20 Dec 9.0 -0.3 -6.7 24 Jun 110.5 263.9 v low 42%
Yunta Airstrip 25.9 +1.3 46.0 15 Jan 9.4 -0.1 -7.1 24 Jun 48.0 194.8 lowest 25%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 22.6 +1.2 44.9 24 Jan 9.0 -0.1 -2.5 24 Jun 351.2 542.4 v low 65%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 25.8   48.6 24 Jan 11.2   -0.6 28 Aug 192.0
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 25.1 +0.9 47.3 24 Jan 8.9 -0.1 -2.6 26 Aug
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 21.1 +0.6 47.9 24 Jan 11.6 -0.5 -0.5 24 Jun 328.0 375.6 low 87%
Kadina AWS 24.1 +0.3 47.9 24 Jan 9.7 -0.1 -2.9 30 Aug 220.4 322.7 v low 68%
Minlaton Aero 23.2 +0.5 46.8 24 Jan 10.6 -0.3 0.5 17 Sep 250.2 353.8 v low 71%
Stenhouse Bay 20.9 +0.5 46.7 24 Jan 12.7 -0.3 2.5 24 Jun 364.2 442.3 v low 82%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 19.6 +0.4 40.0 18 Dec 11.4 -0.2 2.6 17 Sep
Cape Willoughby 18.8 +0.6 41.7 24 Jan 13.2 +0.3 5.8 22 Sep 377.1 538.0 v low 70%
Kingscote Aero 21.7 +0.7 45.4 24 Jan 8.8 -0.2 -2.2 18 Sep 307.4 442.9 v low 69%
Parndana Cfs AWS 20.4   45.3 24 Jan 9.4   0.8 17 Sep 411.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 23.6 +1.1 47.7 24 Jan 12.6 +0.3 1.3 24 Jun 374.0 547.1 v low 68%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 23.0 +1.2 46.6 24 Jan 12.6 +0.6 1.8 23 Jun 358.0 527.1 v low 68%
Adelaide Airport 22.4 +0.8 45.8 24 Jan 12.3 +0.8 -0.2 24 Jun 322.8 438.0 low 74%
Edinburgh RAAF 23.7 +1.0 47.5 24 Jan 11.6 +0.4 -0.8 24 Jun 279.0 427.6 v low 65%
Parafield Airport 24.1 +1.6 47.7 24 Jan 11.1 -0.1 -1.8 24 Jun 277.4 448.7 v low 62%
Roseworthy AWS 24.4 +0.7 48.3 24 Jan 9.7 0.0 -2.1 17 Sep 245.6 380.5 v low 65%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 22.6 +1.0 46.0 24 Jan 8.9 -0.3 -2.4 23 Jun 296.6 465.7 lowest 64%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 23.9 +1.3 47.2 24 Jan 10.0 0.0 -1.0 12 Aug 317.6 466.2 v low 68%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 21.4 +0.5 46.8 24 Jan 12.1 +0.2 1.4 24 Jun 330.8 382.6 low 86%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.1 +0.8 44.0 24 Jan 10.6 +0.2 2.3 24 Jun 619.4 702.7 low 88%
Mount Crawford AWS 20.1 +1.0 43.7 24 Jan 10.0 +0.2 0.8 17 Sep 477.4 648.5 v low 74%
Mount Lofty 18.0 +2.5 41.1 24 Jan 9.2 +0.5 0.2 29 Aug 808.2 989.3 low 82%
Noarlunga 22.3 +0.6 46.2 24 Jan 12.9 +0.1 2.0 24 Jun 341.2 442.1 low 77%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.5 +0.9 43.5 24 Jan 10.4 +0.1 1.4 24 Jun 667.6 824.7 low 81%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 21.2 +0.6 46.2 24 Jan 9.9 -0.4 -2.9 24 Jun 429.8 541.4 low 79%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 25.4 +1.4 47.3 20 Dec 9.4 +0.3 -3.9 24 Jun 128.3 256.0 v low 50%
Renmark Aero 25.9 +0.9 48.6 20 Dec 9.9 +0.2 -5.7 24 Jun 104.8 232.9 v low 45%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 22.8 +1.7 45.0 24 Jan 9.9 +0.6 -0.6 24 Jun 249.0 446.1 v low 56%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 23.8 +0.4 48.1 20 Dec 9.1 0.0 -3.6 24 Jun 209.4 310.9 low 67%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.5 +0.8 46.7 24 Jan 10.3 0.0 -0.7 23 Jun 299.8 415.7 low 72%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 23.1 +0.8 47.8 20 Dec 9.0 -0.2 -2.8 23 Jun 345.3 459.7 v low 75%
Keith (Munkora) 23.2 +0.2 49.2 20 Dec 7.8 -0.2 -3.7 23 Jun 286.0 400.8 v low 71%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 23.9 +0.5 48.4 20 Dec 8.7 -0.1 -1.4 24 Jun 227.0 307.2 low 74%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 19.5 +0.2 41.8 24 Jan 10.5 +0.1 0.3 24 Jun 427.2 496.5 low 86%
Coonawarra 20.9 +0.4 45.8 20 Dec 8.0 -0.1 -3.8 22 Jun 434.6 563.3 v low 77%
Mount Gambier Aero 19.8 +0.8 45.9 20 Dec 8.6 +0.4 -2.2 22 Jun 616.4 712.4 low 87%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 21.8 +0.1 47.7 20 Dec 8.2 0.0 -3.8 22 Jun 358.0 484.5 low 74%
Padthaway South 21.8 +0.2 46.1 20 Dec 8.3 -0.3 -4.0 23 Jun 357.4 460.1 low 78%
Robe Airfield 19.5 -0.2 43.3 20 Dec 9.6 0.0 -2.7 23 Jun 518.0 602.6 low 86%

Notes

The Annual climate summary, generally published on the second working day of the year, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 6 January 2020. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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