South Australia in 2014: Another very warm year

2014 was the second-warmest year on record for South Australia, with particularly warm conditions across the State during late autumn and spring. Annual rainfall was above average in most areas, predominantly owing to a very wet April and May, but spring was very dry.

  • Statewide mean temperature the second-highest on record
  • Mean maximum and mean minimum temperature both the second-highest on record
  • Generally above average rain overall
  • Below average rain in the southeast
  • Below average rain in most areas in most months
  • A very wet April
  • Extreme heat through autumn and spring
  • Mean temperatures fourth-warmest on record for Adelaide
  • Mean maximum temperatures equal second-warmest on record for Adelaide

South Australia observed its second-warmest year on record in 2014, with statewide average temperatures +1.37 °C above the historical average and slightly below the warmest year record set in 2013 (+1.56 °C). Both maximum (+1.64 °C) and minimum (+1.11 °C) temperatures were second warmest record for South Australia as a whole, while numerous stations across the state had their warmest year on record. A feature of the year was the persistence of warm temperatures, including several significant heatwaves, with several stations breaking daily temperature records and their warmest spring seasonal record. While minimum temperatures were above average in most months, nights were very cool during August, resulting in wide spread frost damage across agricultural districts.

The statewide average rainfall during 2014 was 206 mm, 9% below the historical average and the third consecutive year with below average rainfall. More than a quarter of the annual total was received in April, which was the second-wettest April on record for South Australia. Rainfall was below average in the southeast agricultural and the far northeast Pastoral areas of the State, with the Murray Valley recording rainfall totals in the driest 10% of years. Elsewhere in the State, total rainfall for the year was close to average or above average. Most months had generally average or below average rain. Spring totals were very low, particularly for agricultural areas, but February, April and May recorded substantially above average rainfall.

Despite the generally warm and dry conditions, there were many days of strong and damaging winds through the year, the most notable of which was on 31 October as a band of thunderstorms developed on a low pressure trough that affected the Northwest Pastoral district. Coober Pedy Airport reported a gust to 135 km/h and there was widespread damage to buildings in the town centre.

Notable events in 2014

  • Extreme heat breaks records in South Australia between 1 and 3 January; Moomba Airport observes 49.3 °C on 2 January, the fifth hottest temperature ever recorded in South Australia
  • A multi-day heatwave in mid-January results in many locations experiencing record runs of very hot days
  • About 425 000 hectares were burnt by at least 16 separate significant fires between 14 and 17 January
  • Widespread heavy rainfall in February resulted in many new daily records across southern parts of the State with Adelaide's wettest day in 45 years
  • Widespread rainfall through April produces records across the state
  • Warmth through May produces temperature records across the state
  • Unusual heat in autumn gave many locations prolonged runs of warm days and South Australia's warmest autumn nights on record
  • A dry winter with cool nights ends with wide spread frosts in August
  • Record-breaking daytime temperatures and consecutive days above 35 °C at the end of October across northern parts of SA contributed to the warmest October on record
  • Record-breaking daily maximum temperatures and hot spells from 14 to 15 November, particularly in the northeast

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in 2014
Hottest day 49.3 °C at Moomba Airport on 2 Jan
Warmest days on average 30.7 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 17.8 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 5.7 °C at Mount Lofty on 9 Jul
Coldest night -5.7 °C at Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) on 6 Aug
Coolest nights on average 8.2 °C at Keith (Munkora)
and Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average 16.0 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 32.8 °C at Moomba Airport on 23 Nov
Warmest on average overall 23.4 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.6 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 1009.5 mm at Uraidla
Driest overall 43.4 mm at Moomba Airport
Wettest day 115.0 mm at Coober Pedy Airport on 10 Apr
Strongest wind gust 135 km/h at Coober Pedy Airport on 31 Oct

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Streaky Bay 109.0 on 14 Feb 77.5 on 20 Feb 1938 136
Mundoora 82.6 on 15 Feb 79.2 on 22 Jan 1933 131
Smoky Bay 88.0 on 14 Feb 81.0 on 14 Jan 1995 103
Apoinga (Wilivere) 82.4 on 15 Feb 73.4 on 30 Jan 1974 58
Berri 84.0 on 15 Feb 72.4 on 17 Nov 1961 55
Hamilton 87.2 on 15 Feb 73.0 on 12 Dec 2008 51
Mundoora (Barunga North) 81.0 on 15 Feb 80.4 on 31 Oct 1997 51
Balaklava (Wanappe) 87.0 on 15 Feb 76.4 on 8 Dec 2010 46
Bowillia 82.4 on 15 Feb 70.2 on 31 Oct 1997 46
Riverton (Leeward) 80.0 on 15 Feb 78.4 on 22 Jan 2002 46
Snowtown (Banyula) 80.0 on 15 Feb 79.4 on 31 Oct 1997 46
Caliph 70.2 on 15 Feb 64.0 on 8 Dec 2010 41
Adelaide (Kent Town) 75.2 on 14 Feb 66.2 on 8 Dec 2010 38
Burnside 77.6 on 14 Feb 71.1 on 17 May 1898 38
Adelaide (Hope Valley Reservoir) 84.2 on 14 Feb 59.0 on 16 Mar 1985 36
Adelaide (Clarence Gardens Bowling Club) 60.0 on 14 Feb 55.0 on 21 Jun 2012 33
Coffin Bay 54.4 on 13 Jun 49.6 on 27 Mar 2006 30
Buckleboo (Karinya) 54.6 on 15 Feb 47.6 on 3 Sep 2010 28
Wanilla 62.0 on 13 Jun 47.0 on 26 May 1967 25
Clare High School 75.8 on 15 Feb 73.0 on 7 Feb 1997 21
Coober Pedy Airport 115.0 on 10 Apr 49.6 on 19 Jan 2007 21
Renmark Aero 79.8 on 15 Feb 77.0 on 8 Dec 2010 20



Record lowest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Salt Creek (Pitlochry Outstation 1) 344.6 346.4 in 1994 28 515.4
Coulta (Coles Point) 79.8 194.0 in 2002 20 364.9

Lowest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Annual
average
Kalangadoo 519.1 490.5 in 1982* 28 741.7
Clarendon 583.4 522.4 in 1982* 25 811.3
Port Elliot Caravan Park 395.4 345.8 in 1982* 25 502.1
Kingston SE 390.8 353.8 in 1982* 22 587.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Mount Gambier Aero 44.9 on 2 Feb 43.6 on 4 Jan 2013 73 19.0
Keith 46.5 on 2 Feb 45.5 on 28 Jan 2009 53 22.2
Neptune Island 36.9 on 16 Jan 36.8 on 8 Feb 1970 53 18.6
Cape Willoughby 42.2 on 14 Jan 41.5 on 23 Jan 1982 48 18.1
Coober Pedy Airport 47.4 on 1 Jan 47.1 on 25 Jan 2011 21 27.6
Kingscote Aero 43.8 on 2 Feb = 43.8 on 29 Jan 2009 21 20.9



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Kyancutta 26.5 = 26.5 in 2007 80 25.1
Mount Gambier Aero 20.5 20.4 in 2007 71 19.0
Woomera Aerodrome 27.6 27.4 in 2013 64 25.8
Keith 23.5 23.4 in 2007 58 22.2
Hawker 26.2 = 26.2 in 2002 38 25.2
Maitland 23.0 = 23.0 in 2007 29 21.7
Coonawarra 21.6 = 21.6 in 2007 28 20.4



Record highest daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 30.2 on 17 Jan 29.9 on 29 Jan 2009 21 9.7
Renmark Aero 29.4 on 9 Feb 29.3 on 11 Jan 2008 20 9.6



Record lowest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Hawker -5.5 on 5 Aug -4.7 on 20 Jul 1976 44 10.6



Highest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Annual
average
Oodnadatta Airport 15.8 15.9 in 1973* 31 14.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Woomera Aerodrome 20.7 = 20.7 in 2013 64 19.2
Eudunda 16.2 = 16.2 in 2013 49 15.1
Andamooka 21.8 = 21.8 in 2013 42 20.7
Maitland 17.6 = 17.6 in 2013 29 16.5
Leigh Creek Airport 20.8 20.7 in 2013 28 19.5



Summary statistics for 2014
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2014
Mean
for
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2014
Total
for
2014
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2014
Fraction
of annual
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 28.7 +1.1 46.8 1 Jan 14.8 +1.0 0.0 3 Aug 147.0 193.0 average 76%
Coober Pedy Airport 28.7 +1.1 47.4 1 Jan 14.8 +0.6 1.8 10 Jul 219.8 134.7 v high 163%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 28.3 +0.9 42.6 1 Jan 13.7 +0.6 -2.1 4 Aug 165.4 263.9 low 63%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 28.9 +1.2 47.1 1 Jan 13.3 +0.8 -3.9 3 Aug 124.0 149.9 average 83%
Woomera Aerodrome 27.6 +1.8 46.8 1 Jan 13.8 +1.1 1.4 5 Aug 102.0 182.3 low 56%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 27.9 +1.6 45.7 2 Jan 13.7 +0.9 0.3 3 Aug 145.6 222.6 low 65%
Marree Aero 30.0 +1.0 48.1 2 Jan 14.4 +0.5 -1.6 3 Aug 172.8 136.8 average 126%
Moomba Airport 30.7 +1.3 49.3 2 Jan 16.0 +0.5 0.7 11 Jul 43.4 177.7 v low 24%
Oodnadatta Airport 30.5 +1.5 48.0 1 Jan 15.8 +1.2 -0.2 4 Aug 93.8 175.5 low 53%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 24.6 +1.1 46.0 14 Jan 11.1 +0.7 -1.5 4 Aug 320.8 295.8 average 108%
Cleve 23.1 +1.0 43.4 2 Feb 12.6 +1.2 2.0 12 Aug 340.2 400.1 low 85%
Cleve Aerodrome 23.4 +0.8 44.6 14 Jan 12.0 +0.5 1.6 12 Aug 289.6 356.0 average 81%
Cummins Aero 23.7   46.2 2 Feb 10.2   -0.1 4 Aug 427.0
Elliston 22.5 +1.1 43.4 11 Feb 12.5 +0.7 1.0 4 Aug 376.1 427.2 average 88%
Kimba 24.6 +1.0 43.0 28 Jan 10.6 +0.2 0.8 3 Aug 332.0 347.1 average 96%
Kyancutta 26.5 +1.4 45.3 13 Jan 10.1 +0.8 -3.2 12 Aug 302.2 313.4 average 96%
Minnipa Pirsa 25.2 +0.5 44.5 11 Feb 11.5 +0.4 0.5 18 Aug
Neptune Island 19.2 +0.6 36.9 16 Jan 14.5 +0.8 7.7 9 Jul 416.0 447.8 average 93%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 22.1 +0.9 45.1 16 Jan 11.6 +0.2 3.1 2 Aug 380.2 394.2 average 96%
Nullarbor 24.7 +1.0 44.9 1 Feb 11.6 +0.8 -0.1 3 Aug 309.2 250.2 high 124%
Port Augusta Aero 26.7 +0.3 46.2 14 Jan 12.4 +0.3 -4.5 3 Aug 263.2 216.1 high 122%
Streaky Bay 24.5 +1.4 44.0 11 Feb     2.7 13 Jul 441.7 378.7 high 117%
Whyalla Aero 24.4 +0.7 45.7 14 Jan 12.0 +0.5 -2.0 3 Aug
Wudinna Aero 26.0 +0.7 45.7 1 Feb 10.2 0.0 -2.7 13 Aug 326.4 273.3 high 119%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 26.2 +1.0 44.0 1 Jan 11.1 +0.5 -5.5 5 Aug 362.3 309.0 high 117%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 25.9 +0.7 45.4 14 Jan 9.5 +0.2 -5.7 6 Aug 319.4 276.9 high 115%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 22.2 +0.9 42.5 2 Feb 9.5 +0.5 -2.7 5 Aug 601.8 544.6 high 111%
Port Pirie Aerodrome 25.4   44.8 12 Feb 11.3   -2.3 3 Aug 329.7
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 24.8 +0.7 45.5 16 Jan 8.9 -0.1 -2.7 4 Aug 381.6 368.0 average 104%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 21.1 +0.8 44.5 14 Jan 12.5 +0.5 0.8 4 Aug 369.4 378.4 average 98%
Kadina AWS 24.0   44.9 14 Jan 9.9   -2.5 4 Aug 314.4
Maitland 23.0 +1.3 43.5 14 Jan 12.2 +0.9 2.5 2 Aug 456.9 503.7 average 91%
Minlaton Aero 22.9 +0.3 44.7 14 Jan 11.3 +0.4 0.6 4 Aug 334.0 358.5 average 93%
Stenhouse Bay 21.0 +0.7 44.0 2 Feb 13.4 +0.4 4.3 3 Aug 393.0 446.3 low 88%
Warooka 21.9 +0.7 42.8 15 Jan 12.1 +0.6 2.4 4 Aug 356.4 444.7 low 80%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 19.5 +0.3 39.0 15 Jan 11.8 +0.2 3.4 12 Aug 538.4 549.9 low 98%
Cape Willoughby 18.9 +0.8 42.2 14 Jan 13.6 +0.8 5.8 1 Aug 397.3 539.8 v low 74%
Kingscote Aero 21.6 +0.7 43.8 2 Feb 9.3 +0.4 -1.1 4 Aug 371.6 448.3 low 83%
Parndana Cfs AWS 20.3   42.6 2 Feb 9.9   1.7 11 Aug 544.2
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 23.6 +1.3 45.1 14 Jan 12.9 +0.6 0.9 4 Aug 534.2 547.9 average 97%
Adelaide Airport 22.6 +1.1 43.3 14 Jan 12.2 +0.8 0.5 4 Aug
Edinburgh RAAF 23.7 +1.1 45.4 16 Jan 11.5 +0.4 -0.7 4 Aug 412.2 430.1 average 96%
Parafield Airport 24.0 +1.6 45.3 16 Jan 11.5 +0.3 -1.3 4 Aug 416.0 452.6 average 92%
Roseworthy AWS 24.4 +0.8 46.4 16 Jan 9.9 +0.2 -1.3 15 Oct 371.2 378.6 average 98%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 22.2 +0.7 42.5 14 Jan 9.4 +0.2 -2.7 4 Aug 490.2 474.2 average 103%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 23.6 +1.0 45.2 14 Jan 10.2 +0.2 -1.4 11 Aug 534.9 467.8 high 114%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 21.5 +0.8 44.6 14 Jan 12.3 +0.5 2.4 4 Aug 282.0 388.2 low 73%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 19.9 +0.7 41.4 14 Jan 10.8 +0.5 1.3 2 Aug 577.4 714.5 v low 81%
Mount Barker 21.6 +1.6 43.0 2 Feb 9.5 +1.5 -1.4 4 Aug 655.8 763.8 low 86%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 19.9 +0.9 41.6 2 Feb 10.1 +0.4 2.1 13 Jul 665.4 654.7 average 102%
Mount Lofty 17.8 +2.6 38.9 2 Feb 9.3 +0.7 0.7 12 Aug 875.6
Noarlunga 22.3 +0.7 43.4 2 Feb 13.1 +0.4 3.4 4 Aug 360.8 448.7 low 80%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.5 +1.1 40.9 14 Jan 10.8 +0.6 3.1 3 Aug 715.6 834.9 low 86%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 21.1 +0.6 44.3 14 Jan 10.6 +0.4 0.0 21 Aug 448.8 538.3 low 83%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 24.9 +1.0 44.6 14 Jan 9.7 +0.7 -4.0 5 Aug 272.2 261.5 average 104%
Renmark Aero 25.7 +0.8 45.7 14 Jan 10.0 +0.4 -5.6 4 Aug 240.8 242.4 average 99%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 22.3 +1.2 42.0 1 Feb 10.0 +0.8 -1.0 3 Aug 507.9 447.8 high 113%
Meningie 21.9 +1.1 44.2 2 Feb 10.8 +0.5 0.9 21 Aug 470.1 468.7 average 100%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 23.5   46.3 14 Jan 9.2   -2.7 4 Aug 369.8
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.2 +0.6 44.9 16 Jan 10.9 +0.7 1.5 12 Aug 360.2 412.2 average 87%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 24.2 +0.7 45.5 2 Feb 9.5 +0.3 -2.0 4 Aug 304.8 341.1 average 89%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 23.5 +1.3 46.5 2 Feb 9.5 +0.3 -1.2 11 Aug 290.5 460.6 v low 63%
Keith (Munkora) 23.8 +0.9 47.2 14 Jan 8.2 +0.4 -2.7 11 Aug 298.0 394.0 v low 76%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 24.0   46.2 14 Jan 8.9   -0.4 14 Oct 272.4 312.2 average 87%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 19.8 +0.6 41.0 16 Jan 10.7 +0.4 2.6 12 Aug 403.2 496.3 low 81%
Coonawarra 21.6 +1.2 43.6 2 Feb 8.3 +0.3 -2.1 12 Aug 457.6 568.2 v low 81%
Mount Gambier Aero 20.5 +1.5 44.9 2 Feb 8.8 +0.7 -1.7 21 Sep 638.0 710.9 average 90%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 22.7 +1.1 45.8 14 Jan 8.2 +0.1 -2.3 12 Aug 364.8 482.5 v low 76%
Padthaway South 22.5 +1.0 44.6 14 Jan 8.6 +0.1 -1.9 2 Aug 310.4 455.0 v low 68%
Robe Airfield 20.1 +0.5 41.7 2 Feb 9.5 0.0 -0.2 19 Sep 512.4 591.8 low 87%

Notes

The annual climate summary lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Tuesday 6 January 2015. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries