Australia in June 2017

In brief

  • A very dry month
  • Nationally, the second-driest June on record, with rainfall 62% below average for Australia as a whole
  • June has been the driest on record for large areas of southern Australia
  • Persistent high pressure and a lack of cold fronts crossing southern Australia were largely responsible for the absence of rainfall
  • Daytime temperatures above average across most of the country, especially in southwestern Australia
  • Overnight minimum temperatures below average across much of southern mainland Australia, but above average for the central east coast, associated with areas of higher cloud cover and rainfall

Temperatures

Daytime temperatures during June were above to very much above average over the majority of the country. The mean maximum temperature for Australia as a whole was the seventh-warmest on record for June, at 1.33 °C above average. For Western Australia it was the third-warmest June on record, and for Queensland the ninth-warmest.

The national mean minimum temperature was 0.40 °C cooler than average. Despite much cooler than average nights across a large part of the southern mainland, only South Australia placed within the ten coolest Junes, with mean minimum for the month the seventh-coolest on record.

Maximum temperatures for June were in the highest 10% of historical observations (decile 10) for southern Queensland; inland northeastern New South Wales, extending southward into the Central Tablelands; for eastern to central Tasmania; areas of South Australia between the North East district, the Eyre Peninsula, and the greater Adelaide region; and across the south and west of Western Australia. Days were the warmest on record for June across the South West Land Division in Western Australia, extending just into the Eucla and Goldfields districts. Many long-term stations in Western Australia had their warmest June days on record.

Minimum temperatures were below average for most New South Wales away from the northeast, most of Victoria, most of South Australia away from the north, and for southeast Western Australia. Mean minima were in the lowest 10% of historical observations (decile 1) for much of this area as persistent high pressure systems brought long strings of clear, cold nights, with records set in some parts of southern inland New South Wales and northern Victoria. Nights were also cooler than average over a broad area from the southern Kimberley to the southwestern Northern Territory, and smaller areas of the southern Top End, on the centre of the border between the Northern Territory and Queensland, and in eastern Queensland on and inland of the Central Coast.

Minimum temperatures were above average across central coast to northeastern New South Wales and far southeastern Queensland, western Tasmania, and areas of Western Australia in the coastal Pilbara, central Gascoyne, northern Kimberley coast, and central southern coast. Nights were also warmer than average for areas of the tropical northern coasts around the Top End, Gulf of Carpentaria, and Cape York Peninsula.


Areal average temperatures
Maximum Temperature Minimum Temperature Mean Temperature
Rank
(of 108)
Anomaly
(°C)
Comment Rank
(of 108)
Anomaly
(°C)
Comment Rank
(of 108)
Anomaly
(°C)
Comment
Australia 102 +1.33 7th highest = 40 −0.40 80 +0.47
Queensland 100 +1.50 9th highest; highest since 2001 75 +0.71 89 +1.11
New South Wales 98 +1.31 31 −0.62 73 +0.34
Victoria = 78 +0.51 12 −1.27 35 −0.37
Tasmania 91 +0.59 71 +0.35 80 +0.47
South Australia 94 +1.13 7 −1.77 7th lowest 42 −0.31
Western Australia 106 +1.72 3rd highest (record +2.23 °C in 2015) 53 −0.26 87 +0.73
Northern Territory 80 +0.71 33 −0.86 56 −0.07

Rank ranges from 1 (lowest) to 108 (highest). A rank marked with ’=‘ indicates the value is tied for that rank. Anomaly is the departure from the long-term (1961–1990) average.


Temperature maps
MeanAnomalyDeciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of mean daily maximum temperature Map of mean daily maximum temperature anomalies Map of mean daily maximum temperature deciles
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of mean daily minimum temperature Map of mean daily minimum temperature anomalies Map of mean daily minimum temperature deciles
Mean
daily
temperatures
Map of mean daily temperature Map of mean daily temperature anomalies Map of mean daily temperature deciles

Rainfall

Rainfall during June was below average for most of Australia, and lowest on record for much of inland northern and northeastern Victoria, adjacent inland southern New South Wales, parts of southwest and western Western Australia, and eastern Tasmania. The national area-average June rainfall was 62% below the long-term mean, coming in as the second-driest June on record. Across the country, more than 100 stations with more than 50 years of observations have reported their lowest June rainfall total on record, and for Victoria as a whole it was the driest June on record.

June saw seasonally dry conditions for most of the north of Western Australia, the Northern Territory, and most of Queensland away from the east coast and inland southeast. Below average rainfall was also reported in areas of Queensland extending from around Townsville, to the Central West district, and to the central south.

The only areas with significantly above average rainfall were on the east coast between Sydney and Brisbane. Out-of-season rainfall also brought above average totals to parts of pastoral South Australia and the interior of Western Australia.

This very dry June was largely due to higher than average mean sea level pressure (MSLP) patterns across southern Australia, associated with a positive phase of the Southern Annular Mode (SAM). With the subtropical ridge both stronger, and further south, than usual for this time of year, persistent areas of high pressure reduced the number of rain-bearing low pressure systems and cold fronts affecting southern Australia and reduced cloudiness over land. MSLP has been more than 5 hPa above average for June across much of southern Australia; many sites with long-term MSLP data observed record high mean 9 am MSLP for June, including all but one of the sites in South Australia, and all but three in Victoria.

The latest Climate Outlook suggests the southward shift of the sub-tropical ridge is likely to continue, with SAM forecast to be positive at least for much of July. Mean sea level pressure over southern Australia has been increasing in winter over recent decades. This pattern is consistent with future climate change projections for the Australian region.


Area-average rainfall
Rank
(of 118)
Average
(mm)
Departure
from mean
Comment
Australia 2 8.8 −62% 2nd lowest (record 8.0 mm in 1940)
Queensland 16 5.0 −73%
New South Wales 26 25.5 −34%
Victoria 1 13.7 −77% lowest
Tasmania 7 64.2 −50% 7th lowest
South Australia 29 9.9 −48%
Western Australia 9 7.9 −69% 9th lowest
Northern Territory 33 0.9 −87%
Murray-Darling Basin = 4 11.0 −67% equal 4th lowest (record 1940)

Rank ranges from 1 (lowest) to 118 (highest). A rank marked with ’=‘ indicates the value is tied for that rank. Departure from mean is relative to the long-term (1961–1990) average.


Rainfall maps
TotalsPercentagesDeciles
Total
rainfall
Map of total rainfall Map of percentage of normal rain Map of rainfall deciles


Australian weather extremes during June 2017
Hottest day 34.7 °C    at Fitzroy Crossing Aero (WA) on the 25th
Coldest day −2.4 °C    at Thredbo AWS (NSW) on the 6th
Coldest night −9.6 °C    at Perisher Valley AWS (NSW) and Liawenee (Tas.) on the 27th
Warmest night 26.6 °C    at Coconut Island (Qld) on the 2nd
Wettest day 133.6 mm at Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS (NSW) on the 10th


Notes

The Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

Climate Summaries are usually published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm EST on Monday 3 July 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available, especially for rainfall where much more data becomes available as returns are received from volunteers.

Long-term averages in this statement and associated tables are for the period 1961 to 1990 unless otherwise specified.

The system used for calculating areal averages of rainfall was changed in October 2009; the main effect was that current and historical values for Tasmania were increased. Since October 2012, ACORN-SAT has been used for calculating areal averages of temperature; the major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.


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