Australia in November 2016

In brief

  • Both days and nights warmer than average across the west, the north and parts of the east coast
  • Cooler than average nights for much of southern and central Australia
  • Drier than average across much of southern Australia west of Victoria, and northeast Australia
  • Wetter than average for Tasmania, parts of northwest Australia and the Northern Territory


The national mean temperature for November was 0.55 °C above average. Mean maximum temperatures were 1.00 °C above average while mean minima were slightly above average (+0.10 °C).

Maximum temperatures were above average throughout most of northern Australia, the west, northeast South Australia and coastal eastern parts of mainland Australia. Elsewhere, apart from a small part of southeast South Australia, daytime temperatures were close to average. Very much above average temperatures extended along the north tropical and east coasts, and for parts of coastal Western Australia and the south west.

Minimum temperatures were cooler than average across much of the southern coastline of mainland Australia, except for Victoria. Below average temperatures extended through much of inland New South Wales and southern Queensland, along with northwest Victoria. Southern and central regions of the Northern Territory also recorded below average overnight temperatures. The Eyre Peninsula and Mid-North district of South Australia recorded minima in the lowest decile (lowest 10% of historical records). Tasmania and most of northern and northwest Australia were above average, with smaller parts of the eastern coastline being above average.

Most eastern and northern coastal areas, along with large parts of Western Australia recorded above average mean temperatures. Mean temperatures in the warmest decile (highest 10% of historical records) were recorded along most of the northern tropical coastline between Port Hedland and Bowen, with small regions of highest on record. Above average sea surface temperatures surrounding Australia's west, north and east coasts have contributed to higher than normal land temperatures in these regions.

Areal average temperatures
Maximum Temperature Minimum Temperature Mean Temperature
(of 107)
Comment Rank
(of 107)
Comment Rank
(of 107)
Australia 89 +1.00 61 +0.10 84 +0.55
Queensland = 82 +0.90 75 +0.33 81 +0.62
New South Wales 77 +1.27 40 −0.43 65 +0.42
Victoria 55 +0.03 50 −0.28 55 −0.12
Tasmania 41 −0.61 76 +0.21 58 −0.19
South Australia 73 +0.68 26 −0.84 53 −0.07
Western Australia 97 +1.43 = 85 +0.61 = 95 +1.02
Northern Territory = 80 +0.60 55 −0.06 69 +0.27

Rank ranges from 1 (lowest) to 107 (highest). A rank marked with ’=‘ indicates the value is tied for that rank. Anomaly is the departure from the long-term (1961–1990) average.

Temperature maps
Map of mean daily maximum temperature Map of mean daily maximum temperature anomalies Map of mean daily maximum temperature deciles
Map of mean daily minimum temperature Map of mean daily minimum temperature anomalies Map of mean daily minimum temperature deciles
Map of mean daily temperature Map of mean daily temperature anomalies Map of mean daily temperature deciles


The Australian mean rainfall total for November was below average (31% below the 1961–1990 mean). Tasmania was the only State recording above average rainfall, with all others recording rainfall totals of at least 17% below average. Rainfall for the Northern Territory was near average. South Australia recorded its driest November since 1996.

November rainfall was below average to very much below average throughout large areas of Cape York Peninsula, much of southern Queensland, except the southwest and the Wide Bay and Burnett district, northern New South Wales and most of southern Australia west of Adelaide. Smaller parts of below average rainfall occurred along the Queensland and New South Wales eastern seaboard, southwest Victoria and small areas of the Northern Territory.

Rainfall was above average throughout large areas of the central Northern Territory and central Western Australia, and northern and eastern Tasmania. Smaller regions occur in the Top End, northwest South Australia and parts of the Kimberley.

Heavy rainfall across Tasmania between the 12th to the 14th resulted in some sites recording their highest November daily rainfall on record; when combined with already saturated soils the rainfall contributed to flooding in some rivers.

Area-average rainfall
(of 117)
from mean
Australia 33 22.6 −31%
Queensland 22 21.6 −53%
New South Wales 28 25.3 −44%
Victoria 43 39.8 −23%
Tasmania 92 132.8 +28%
South Australia = 26 7.4 −52%
Western Australia 51 14.7 −17%
Northern Territory 71 40.4 −3%
Murray-Darling Basin 28 22.3 −44%

Rank ranges from 1 (lowest) to 117 (highest). A rank marked with ’=‘ indicates the value is tied for that rank. Departure from mean is relative to the long-term (1961–1990) average.

Rainfall maps
Map of total rainfall Map of percentage of normal rain Map of rainfall deciles

Australian weather extremes during November 2016
Hottest day 46.2 °C  at West Roebuck (WA) on the 5th
Coldest day 0.0 °C  at Mount Hotham (VIC) on the 1st
Coldest night −5.5 °C  at Mount Hotham (VIC) on the 1st
Warmest night 31.5 °C  at Warmun (WA) on the 9th
and at Argyle Aerodrome (WA) on the 8th
and at Mandora (WA) on the 6th
Wettest day 204.2 mm at Gray (TAS) on the 13th


The Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

Climate Summaries are usually published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm EST on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available, especially for rainfall where much more data becomes available as returns are received from volunteers.

Long-term averages in this statement and associated tables are for the period 1961 to 1990 unless otherwise specified.

The system used for calculating areal averages of rainfall was changed in October 2009; the main effect was that current and historical values for Tasmania were increased. Since October 2012, ACORN-SAT has been used for calculating areal averages of temperature; the major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.

Further information

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