NSW in October 2013: A month of extremes

  • Eighth-driest October on record
  • Damaging frosts in southeast NSW
  • Major bushfire activity in eastern NSW

Rainfall - Dry conditions across the state

NSW recorded a statewide average rainfall of 12.4 mm during October, well below the historical average of 44.4 mm. This is the eighth-driest October on record and the driest since 2006, with most of the state recording below average rainfall including record dry conditions in parts of the Blue Mountains. The Murray-Darling Basin also recorded 14.6 mm, well below the historical average of 40.1 mm.

Some sites had their lowest total October rainfall on record.

Temperature - Warm days, damaging frosts

The statewide average maximum temperature during October 2013 was 2.5 °C above average and the tenth-warmest on record for NSW. Temperatures were well above average across the state, associated with the generally dry, clear conditions, as well as very warm temperatures during periods of northerly winds. Temperatures were warmest in the northeast, while October records were broken at several coastal stations.

Temperatures were more than 10 °C above normal across most of the state on the 10th, including the warmest October day on record for Montague Island. Widespread temperatures more than 10 °C above normal were also recorded on the 21st, with October daily temperature records broken at several stations including Broken Hill and Wilcannia.

The statewide average minimum temperature was 0.2 °C below average, with nights more than 1 °C below average in parts of the southeast. The cooler temperatures were associated with clear conditions as well as several major frost days during the month, with localised records broken on the 4th, 15th, 18th and 25th. Bathurst recorded 9 nights of 0 °C or lower during the month, almost double the previous record of 5 nights in 2012, while Canberra recorded 3 nights below -2 °C (previous record 1 night).

The frosts caused substantial damage to crops in southeast NSW including wine, wheat and canola, which was exacerbated by recent dry conditions and early crop development associated with September warmth. In contrast, several stations in northeast NSW recorded their warmest October night on record during the month, particularly associated with a surface trough and cloudy conditions between the 21st-23rd.

The mean temperature for NSW was consequently 1.1 °C above average, the warmest October since 2008.

See a list of October temperature records.

Other phenomena - Strong winds and Bushfires

Storms and strong winds

1st - A cold front generated strong winds in southeast NSW, with widespread wind gusts above 90 km/h including 117 km/h at Murrurrundi Gap and gusts over 100 km/h at Braidwood, Bombala and Scone. There were more than 800 requests to the SES, predominantly for downed trees and powerlines, but some significant roof damage was reported including a Mosque in Wyong.

29th - A southerly change generated strong winds in coastal NSW, with widespread thunderstorm activity in eastern NSW between Sydney and Tweed Heads. There were more than 600 requests to the SES associated with roof damage and downed trees, as well as six injuries and reports of 4 cm hail near Tamworth and Port Macquarie.

Bushfires

Bushfire activity during October was widespread and severe, associated with warm, dry conditions during recent months. The majority of fires impacted the coastal strip and Great Dividing Range, particularly between the 17th and 23rd.

More than 200 houses were destroyed in bushfires in the Blue Mountains between the 17th and 20th of October, particularly in the Springwood/Winmalee area, in addition to power and tourism infrastructure and more than 50,000 hectares of bushland.

Fires also caused significant damage in the Port Stephens area from the 13th, with several houses destroyed in the Salt Ash region and the closure of the M1 motorway and Newcastle Airport on the 17th.

A major fire near Balmoral in the Southern Highlands also resulted in widespread evacuations between the 17th and 20th, with more than 15,000 hectares burnt and several buildings destroyed.

Further information

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Extremes in October 2013
Hottest day 42.5 °C at Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS on the 21st
Warmest days on average 32.5 °C at Mungindi Post Office
Coolest days on average 8.0 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day -1.0 °C at Thredbo AWS on the 24th
Coldest night -8.7 °C at Perisher Valley AWS on the 18th
Coolest nights on average -0.2 °C at Thredbo AWS
Warmest nights on average 17.5 °C at Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS)
Warmest night 28.0 °C at Tibooburra Post Office on the 22nd
Warmest on average overall 23.0 °C at Mungindi Post Office
Coolest on average overall 3.9 °C at Thredbo AWS
Wettest overall 238.8 mm at Perisher Valley AWS
Wettest day 71.8 mm at Perisher Valley AWS on the 23rd
Highest wind gust 143 km/h at Thredbo AWS on the 17th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest total October rainfall
Total rainfall
for October 2013 (mm)
Previous driest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Katoomba (Murri St) 6.0 6.6 in 1971 128 91.3
Grafton Olympic Pool 8.9 11.7 in 1980 48 77.9
Mount Boyce AWS 12.8 18.4 in 2006 20 65.7


Record highest October temperature
Highest temperature
in October 2013 (°C)
Previous warmest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Broken Hill (Patton Street) 40.0 on the 21st 39.7 on the 20th in 1988 98 25.0
Wilcannia (Reid St) 42.4 on the 21st 40.7 on the 4th in 1988 57 27.4
Taralga Post Office 30.5 on the 21st 30.0 on the 13th in 2006 53 18.3
Quandialla Post Office 35.7 on the 21st = 35.7 on the 14th in 2006 44 23.7
Lake Cargelligo Airport 39.1 on the 21st 38.6 on the 13th in 2004 43 25.5
Montague Island Lighthouse 34.0 on the 10th 33.7 on the 13th in 2006 42 18.7
Griffith Airport AWS 38.5 on the 21st 38.3 on the 30th in 1990 39 23.9
Wanaaring Post Office 41.8 on the 21st 40.9 on the 20th in 2012 23 29.2
Mount Boyce AWS 29.3 on the 21st 28.1 on the 7th in 1995 22 17.4
Cobar Airport AWS 39.2 on the 21st 37.8 on the 30th in 1997 21 26.3


Record highest October mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for October 2013 (°C)
Previous warmest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Katoomba (Murri St) 21.4 = 21.4 in 1940 85 17.6
Riverview Observatory 25.8 = 25.8 in 2007 76 22.7
Williamtown RAAF 27.1 = 27.1 in 1988 64 23.6
Prospect Reservoir 27.7 27.2 in 2007 46 23.7
Montague Island Lighthouse 21.2 20.1 in 2007 41 18.7
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 21.8 21.1 in 1968 29 19.3
Cessnock Airport AWS 28.5 28.4 in 2002 24 25.0
Bega AWS 24.1 = 24.1 in 2008 21 21.6
Mount Boyce AWS 20.1 = 20.1 in 2007 21 17.4
Scone Airport AWS 28.8 28.3 in 2002 21 24.7
Ulladulla AWS 22.9 22.7 in 2007 21 20.5
Richmond RAAF 28.4 27.9 in 2002 20 25.0


Record highest October daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in October 2013 (°C)
Previous warmest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Tibooburra Post Office 28.0 on the 22nd 27.8 on the 29th in 1958 92 14.1
Coffs Harbour MO 25.3 on the 29th 22.1 on the 5th in 1988 63 13.8
Hay (Miller Street) 23.0 on the 21st 22.5 on the 13th in 2006 57 9.5
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 21.1 on the 13th 21.0 on the 19th in 1998 57 15.1
Wilcannia (Reid St) 27.2 on the 22nd 25.6 on the 30th in 1965 57 12.2
Dunedoo Post Office 21.0 on the 22nd 20.9 on the 29th in 1983 47 9.1
Kempsey (Wide Street) 19.9 on the 24th = 19.9 on the 30th in 1983 41 11.8
Camden Airport AWS 18.7 on the 22nd 18.6 on the 29th in 1988 38 9.9
Gulgong Post Office 19.5 on the 22nd 19.4 on the 5th in 1998 38 9.2
Griffith Airport AWS 24.8 on the 21st 23.0 on the 13th in 2006 37 9.0
Cessnock Airport AWS 19.4 on the 23rd 18.9 on the 6th in 1970 25 9.7
Bombala AWS 15.3 on the 1st 15.0 on the 31st in 2010 22 4.9
Nullo Mountain AWS 18.6 on the 22nd 17.5 on the 19th in 2002 22 7.6
Tamworth Airport AWS 19.8 on the 23rd 19.0 on the 30th in 2005 22 9.5


Record lowest October temperature
Lowest temperature
in October 2013 (°C)
Previous coolest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Narrandera Golf Club 0.0 on the 25th = 0.0 on the 3rd in 1989 44 9.0
Tocumwal Airport -1.5 on the 18th 1.3 on the 4th in 1972 43 8.8
Gulgong Post Office -0.5 on the 4th 0.8 on the 11th in 2003 38 9.2
Bathurst Airport AWS -1.9 on the 15th -1.7 on the 20th in 2001 22 6.1
Young Airport -4.7 on the 18th -3.8 on the 9th in 2007 22 5.4


Record lowest October mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for October 2013 (°C)
Previous coolest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Bathurst Agricultural Station 3.7 = 3.7 in 1971 93 6.2
Gulgong Post Office 7.0 7.5 in 2012 37 9.2
Young Airport 2.4 3.0 in 2012 21 5.4


Summary statistics for October 2013
Maximum temperatures
for October
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for October
(°C)
Rainfall
for October
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2013
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2013
Mean for
October
2013
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2013
Total for
October
2013
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2013
Fraction of
October
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 28.7   41.4 21st 11.8   5.4 15th 4.8
Tibooburra Airport 30.5   42.1 21st 14.7   9.6 15th 2.2
Tibooburra Post Office 30.3 +1.8 41.2 21st 14.3 +0.2 8.4 5th 2.4 18.2 low 13%
White Cliffs AWS 29.6   41.8 10th 13.3   7.7 4th 4.4
Wilcannia (Reid St) 29.4 +2.0 42.4 21st 11.3 -0.9 4.1 4th 5.2 25.1 low 21%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 29.4   42.5 21st 11.1   3.2 4th 5.8
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill (Patton Street) 27.0 +2.0 40.0 21st 12.2 +0.5 3.8 14th 8.6 24.2 low 36%
Broken Hill Airport AWS 26.5 +1.4 38.1 10th 11.0 -0.5 3.7 14th 5.6 25.4 low 22%
Lake Victoria Storage 25.3 +1.6 36.9 20th 9.7 -0.9 3.5 15th 13.9 27.2 average 51%
Menindee Post Office 28.1 +1.6 40.1 21st 11.6 +0.3 6.8 14th 4.2 22.6 low 19%
Pooncarie Mail Agency 27.3   38.4 20th 10.4   3.5 18th 4.0 26.1 low 15%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 31.4   41.5 22nd 13.1   5.4 2nd 0.8
Brewarrina Hospital 30.6 +1.7 38.8 22nd 12.3 -0.6 4.8 4th 0.6 29.5 v low 2%
Cobar Airport AWS 28.6 +2.3 39.2 21st 10.8 -0.7 1.8 4th 4.6 32.4 low 14%
Cobar MO 28.1 +2.1 39.1 21st 12.7 +0.1 5.5 4th 8.0 35.0 low 23%
Collarenebri (Albert St) 31.6 +2.7 37.1 22nd     6.9 11th 0 38.1 lowest 0%
Lightning Ridge Visitors Information Cen 31.2   38.0 13th 14.1   5.5 15th 5.6
Wanaaring Post Office 31.4 +2.2 41.8 21st 12.5 -0.6 5.4 5th 3.8 20.8 low 18%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Balranald (RSL) 24.9 +0.4 36.8 20th 9.0 -0.8 1.9 18th 11.8 30.8 average 38%
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 27.8   41.2 21st 11.2   4.9 4th 6.8
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 26.8 +1.9 37.2 21st 7.7 -1.8 0.2 4th 7.6 48.0 low 16%
Condobolin Airport AWS 26.9   37.6 21st 7.7   0.3 4th 5.6 36.4 low 15%
Peak Hill Post Office 26.6 +2.0 35.0 21st 10.3 -1.1 2.6 25th 9.0 48.0 v low 19%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 25.2   36.6 21st 7.3   0.6 15th 11.4
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 29.4   37.4 22nd 11.1   2.5 4th 6.4
Nyngan Airport 29.0 +2.5 38.5 22nd 11.1 -0.3 5.2 15th 2.0 34.8 v low 6%
Trangie Research Station AWS 27.9 +2.7 37.4 22nd 9.7 -0.5 1.3 4th 2.8 45.3 v low 6%
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 32.5 +3.6 38.1 23rd 13.5 +0.1 4.9 4th 7.4 38.1 low 19%
Walgett Airport AWS 30.7 +2.0 37.8 22nd 11.5 -0.4 3.8 15th 2.2 40.1 low 5%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 29.9   34.9 23rd 12.0   4.3 4th 22.8
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Barraba Post Office 28.1 +3.1 33.8 22nd 7.1 -1.1 0.0 4th 12.8 62.7 v low 20%
Narrabri Airport AWS 30.1   35.1 22nd 11.5   2.9 4th 7.4
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 29.2   35.3 22nd 8.7   0.6 4th 8.6
Gunnedah Resource Centre 28.4 +3.3 35.1 22nd 12.9 +0.7 4.6 4th 10.2 57.9 low 18%
Quirindi Post Office 28.5 +3.3 35.0 22nd 8.9 +0.2 1.0 4th 2.8 59.7 lowest 5%
Tamworth Airport AWS 28.0 +2.9 34.9 23rd 8.7 -0.8 1.5 4th 28.2 54.6 low 52%
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 24.0 +3.0 30.6 22nd 3.1 -2.0 -4.2 4th 9.6 73.5 lowest 13%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 23.3   29.5 22nd 4.9   -3.0 4th 31.0
Armidale Airport AWS 22.6   28.7 22nd 7.7   -0.1 15th 41.4 74.5 low 56%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 22.3 +2.3 27.0 22nd 6.9 -0.3 0.5 15th 34.8 76.1 low 46%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 22.9   27.8 22nd 4.4   -2.5 15th 38.4
Guyra Hospital 20.7 +2.3 26.4 22nd 7.1 +0.8 -1.0 15th 31.2 75.8 v low 41%
Inverell (Raglan St) 26.6   30.8 23rd 6.1   -1.0 4th 19.8
Inverell Research Centre 25.9 +2.8 31.0 23rd 10.1 -0.2 3.9 4th 16.4 75.6 v low 22%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 24.3 +2.0 29.3 23rd 7.0 -1.0 -1.9 15th 28.2 76.6 low 37%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 26.3 +2.5 31.8 7th 13.5 +1.0 6.8 4th 24.6 86.4 v low 28%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 26.2 +1.4 34.0 7th 15.0 +1.1 8.3 7th 42.4 102.5 low 41%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 24.2   31.1 7th 17.5   12.5 4th 73.8
Casino Airport AWS 29.3   36.3 7th 14.5   6.3 4th 42.0
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 27.7   36.2 23rd 15.4   10.2 6th 28.4
Grafton Airport AWS 28.7   36.5 23rd 12.7   6.8 5th 15.4
Grafton Olympic Pool 29.1 +2.4 36.8 23rd 14.5 +0.8 10.0 4th 8.9 77.9 lowest 11%
Grafton Research Stn 29.1   37.2 23rd 14.6   8.8 4th 10.0 61.8 v low 16%
Lismore (Richmond Hill) 28.4   35.4 7th 15.0   9.9 4th 17.8
Lismore Airport AWS 28.7   35.3 7th 12.5   5.1 4th 28.2
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 27.9 +1.6 36.4 7th 15.6 +1.5 10.1 10th 51.6 108.5 low 48%
Yamba Pilot Station 25.5 +2.1 31.9 10th 16.6 +1.2 11.2 5th 32.6 79.3 low 41%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport Comparison 25.8   33.3 10th 14.9   8.3 5th 57.6
Coffs Harbour MO 25.9 +2.3 33.1 10th 15.3 +1.5 8.5 5th 55.6 97.6 average 57%
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 23.5   31.0 23rd 10.4   4.1 5th 28.6
Kempsey (Wide Street) 27.3 +1.7 35.5 10th 12.6 +0.8 7.6 6th 17.5 78.5 low 22%
Kempsey Airport AWS 27.7   36.7 10th 10.3   4.9 6th 9.4
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 25.5 +2.3 30.7 10th 16.3 +1.2 11.0 4th 58.0 92.6 average 63%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 24.3   34.0 13th 13.5   6.4 25th 45.4 78.4 average 58%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 25.8   35.8 13th 12.4   6.3 6th 67.2
Taree Airport AWS 27.0   37.0 23rd 11.5   5.9 16th 20.6
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 29.0 +3.6 37.2 23rd 11.4 +0.1 5.2 16th 42.4 122.9 low 34%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 28.5 +3.5 36.0 21st 8.0 -1.7 1.6 16th 16.8 51.8 low 32%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 27.1   35.6 10th 8.8   3.1 25th 44.2
Gosford AWS 26.4   36.7 10th 12.0   6.7 15th 44.8
Jerrys Plains Post Office 29.2 +3.0 37.0 22nd 9.1 -1.2 2.9 4th 16.1 51.9 low 31%
Maitland Visitors Centre 28.4   36.8 21st 9.3   3.0 4th 51.2
Mangrove Mountain AWS 25.9   34.5 21st 10.9   4.4 25th 42.0 69.9 average 60%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 27.9   35.0 22nd 7.1   0.3 4th 6.0 51.9 low 12%
Murrurundi Gap AWS 23.6   30.8 22nd 11.4   4.2 4th 19.8
Murrurundi Post Office 26.4 +2.3 33.7 22nd 7.4 -0.8 0.6 15th 29.8 72.5 low 41%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 24.3 +1.2 34.5 23rd 15.5 +1.8 9.7 4th 83.6 78.7 average 106%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 25.2 +3.1 34.3 23rd 15.2 +1.2 10.1 5th 48.0 72.7 average 66%
Newcastle University 27.3   35.8 23rd 12.1   7.2 5th 35.8
Norah Head AWS 24.8   35.3 13th 14.9   9.9 15th 32.4
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 28.5 +3.6 36.7 23rd 10.3 -1.1 5.4 5th 65.6 66.4 average 99%
Scone Airport AWS 28.8 +4.1 36.3 22nd 8.9 -0.5 1.4 4th 26.6 49.8 low 53%
Singleton STP 29.0   36.1 21st 7.8   1.2 4th 28.0
Williamtown RAAF 27.1 +3.5 36.8 23rd 10.6 -1.3 4.3 5th 45.8 73.4 average 62%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 26.2 +2.8 33.5 21st 7.0 -2.2 -0.5 4th 15.6 55.9 low 28%
Mudgee Airport AWS 25.3 +2.7 32.6 21st 5.8 -1.7 -0.8 25th 5.6 52.4 low 11%
Nullo Mountain AWS 20.1 +3.1 27.6 21st 7.9 +0.3 1.1 25th 14.6 72.8 low 20%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 22.5 +2.6 30.8 21st 3.7 -2.5 -2.0 15th 17.0 59.5 low 29%
Bathurst Airport AWS 22.5 +2.5 30.3 21st 4.3 -1.8 -1.9 15th 16.2 55.3 low 29%
Katoomba (Murri St) 21.4 +3.8 29.7 21st 8.5 +0.8 1.4 4th 6.0 91.3 lowest 7%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 21.0   29.6 21st 4.9   -2.3 4th 21.8 62.5 low 35%
Mount Boyce AWS 20.1 +2.7 29.3 21st 7.6 +0.2 1.0 25th 12.8 65.7 lowest 19%
Oberon (Springbank) 18.8 +1.8 26.6 21st 3.4 -1.4 -1.8 15th 34.8 78.0 low 45%
Orange Agricultural Institute 19.1 +1.5 27.2 21st 5.1 -1.5 -1.5 18th 25.6 82.6 low 31%
Orange Airport AWS 18.9   27.5 21st 4.0   -2.6 18th 35.2
Springwood (Valley Heights) 26.3   34.6 10th 11.7   6.0 15th 5.2 73.6 v low 7%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Namoi Street) 26.3 +2.1 32.4 22nd 5.2 -2.0 -0.2 15th 9.0 59.0 v low 15%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 25.3   31.8 22nd 11.3   3.7 4th 8.6
Dunedoo Post Office 27.5 +3.3 35.3 21st 8.3 -0.8 1.1 15th 7.1 51.7 v low 14%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 24.9   35.0 21st 4.6   -3.1 18th 21.4
Dubbo Airport AWS 26.7 +2.1 34.0 21st 7.9 -1.3 0.2 15th 5.2
Forbes Airport AWS 25.8   35.6 21st 6.6   0.0 4th 10.2
Parkes Airport AWS 25.2   34.4 21st 5.1   -1.6 15th 11.2 52.0 v low 22%
Wellington (Agrowplow) 26.1 +1.3 33.7 21st 6.9 -1.7 0.6 15th 5.3 55.8 v low 9%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 27.4 +3.7 36.8 10th 11.2 -0.6 5.6 15th 9.0 59.5 low 15%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 25.7   35.9 10th 11.4   5.7 25th 11.4
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 26.9   36.4 10th 10.9   4.8 15th 13.0
Holsworthy Control Range 26.8   36.1 10th 9.8   3.6 25th 11.0
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 27.0 +3.1 37.0 10th 11.9 0.0 6.3 15th 14.6 68.0 low 21%
Riverview Observatory 25.8 +3.1 36.4 10th 12.5 +0.5 7.4 4th 26.6 75.7 low 35%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 25.7 +3.6 37.3 10th 15.0 +1.4 9.7 4th 42.2 76.9 average 55%
Sydney Airport AMO 26.1 +3.6 37.8 10th 14.6 +1.4 9.7 15th 16.2 70.1 low 23%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 23.1   35.8 10th 15.4   11.3 4th
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 26.9   37.0 10th 12.2   6.6 25th 17.2
Terrey Hills AWS 24.9   35.2 10th 13.1   7.4 15th 23.2
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Badgerys Creek AWS 27.5   36.2 10th 9.9   4.5 15th 6.0
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 27.4   36.3 21st 11.4   5.1 15th 6.4
Penrith Lakes AWS 28.9   37.2 21st 11.3   6.3 5th 6.6
Prospect Reservoir 27.7 +4.0 36.8 10th 12.2 +0.1 5.7 15th 9.7 58.7 v low 17%
Richmond RAAF 28.4 +3.4 36.6 10th 9.9   3.4 25th 7.8 50.6 v low 15%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 24.9   36.3 10th 10.1   2.9 16th 6.0
Bellambi AWS 23.9   36.3 10th 14.5   10.0 15th 8.4
Bowral (Parry Drive) 21.2 +2.2 31.0 21st 8.4 +0.8 1.9 18th 8.6 71.9 v low 12%
Camden Airport AWS 27.6 +3.5 36.4 21st 8.6 -1.3 2.7 15th 9.0 63.8 low 14%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 27.0   35.8 21st 9.0   3.0 15th 10.4
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular AWS) 22.3   32.7 10th 13.6   8.5 15th 66.2
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 23.4   35.9 10th 14.0   9.0 15th 12.8
Moss Vale AWS 21.2   31.7 21st 7.3   0.2 18th 12.0
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 24.8   34.9 21st 9.9   4.6 4th 11.2
Port Kembla NTC AWS 23.1   35.1 10th 15.4   11.2 15th
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 24.1 +2.5 34.0 10th 7.3 -1.0 0.8 15th 27.0 46.0 average 59%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 20.5 +1.6 29.1 21st 3.8 -1.8 -5.1 18th 18.6 56.6 low 33%
Green Cape AWS 19.7   26.5 1st 11.6   7.8 14th 33.2
Merimbula Airport AWS 22.4   34.8 10th 8.3   2.4 18th 23.6
Montague Island Lighthouse 21.2 +2.5 34.0 10th 13.3 +0.7 10.5 14th 13.2 63.8 low 21%
Moruya Airport AWS 23.9   35.4 10th 8.5   1.7 25th 19.4
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 23.0 +2.9 34.4 10th 10.4 -0.4 5.6 4th 18.4 78.0 low 24%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 21.8 +2.5 35.0 10th 10.5 -0.7 6.0 25th 27.4 71.4 low 38%
Nerriga AWS 21.6   31.2 21st 5.8   -1.9 18th 10.6
Ulladulla AWS 22.9 +2.4 34.5 10th 12.5 +0.3 7.2 25th 4.2
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 20.6 +1.8 28.1 21st 4.0 -0.7 -2.5 18th 45.4 55.1 average 82%
Bombala AWS 19.0 +1.5 27.1 21st 4.4 -0.5 -2.7 18th 37.4 49.3 average 76%
Canberra Airport 22.0   32.1 21st 3.7   -3.4 18th 13.4
Cooma Airport AWS 18.9 +0.9 27.7 21st 2.8 -0.6 -8.0 18th 51.8 46.0 average 113%
Cooma Visitors Centre 20.2 +0.8 28.8 21st 3.5 -0.2 -5.2 18th 49.3 46.1 average 107%
Goulburn Airport AWS 21.4 +1.9 30.7 21st 3.5 -1.7 -5.0 18th 23.2 51.6 low 45%
Goulburn TAFE 21.3 +1.6 30.7 21st 6.4 -0.5 -1.0 4th 21.4 53.2 low 40%
Mount Ginini AWS 12.9   22.0 21st 1.9   -5.0 14th 46.6
Taralga Post Office 21.0 +2.7 30.5 21st 3.8 -1.5 -3.5 18th 21.9 70.1 low 31%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 21.8   31.4 21st 4.4   -2.0 18th 12.0
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 10.8   18.7 21st 0.2   -8.7 18th 238.8
Thredbo AWS 8.0 +1.1 16.4 21st -0.2 +0.4 -6.6 14th 141.6 123.0 average 115%
Thredbo Village 13.6 +0.4 21.8 21st 1.5 -0.2 -6.4 18th 181.1 182.6 average 99%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 21.4 -0.1 29.7 20th 6.9 -1.0 0.8 18th 14.6 50.6 low 29%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 12.0   21.1 21st 3.2   -3.5 14th 99.6
Hume Reservoir 21.3 +0.3 29.9 20th 7.9 -1.2 1.7 18th 22.8 68.8 low 33%
Khancoban AWS 20.5   29.3 21st 5.2   -1.2 18th 66.4
Tumbarumba Post Office 19.5 +0.2 29.2 21st 4.6 -0.6 -2.4 18th 59.2 96.3 low 61%
Wagga Wagga AMO 23.4 +2.0 34.5 21st 5.9 -1.8 -1.1 18th 12.6 57.7 v low 22%
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 22.2 +1.9 33.5 21st 6.7 -1.6 2.0 25th 28.2 85.3 low 33%
Cootamundra Airport 23.2   34.0 21st 3.2   -3.0 18th 18.0
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 23.6 +1.0 33.9 21st 6.6 -2.3 -0.4 18th 25.6 54.7 low 47%
Gundagai (William St) 22.5   34.0 21st 5.9   0.2 18th 23.2
Quandialla Post Office 25.3 +1.6 35.7 21st 6.5 -2.2 0.8 15th 13.6 50.2 low 27%
Temora Airport 24.7   36.1 21st 4.0   -3.0 18th 14.8
Wyalong Post Office 25.3 +1.9 35.9 21st 8.4 -1.0 2.8 18th 8.6 45.7 v low 19%
Young Airport 23.1 +1.5 33.6 21st 2.4 -3.0 -4.7 18th 20.0 46.8 low 43%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 23.0 +0.8 33.0 20th 6.9 -1.2 0.4 18th 28.4 51.8 low 55%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 24.1   35.3 20th 7.5   0.8 18th 12.0
Narrandera Airport 25.3   36.0 21st 7.6   0.2 18th 10.0 41.9 low 24%
Tocumwal Airport 23.5 +1.1 34.2 20th 7.2 -1.6 -1.5 18th 17.5 43.4 low 40%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 25.3   36.3 21st 9.8   3.4 15th 7.0 38.3 low 18%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 25.8 +1.9 38.5 21st 8.7 -0.3 0.6 18th 9.8 38.9 low 25%
Hay (Miller Street) 25.8 +1.3 37.1 21st 9.9 +0.4 3.1 4th 6.4 34.8 low 18%
Hay Airport AWS 26.4   38.0 21st 8.6   0.4 18th 5.8
Lake Cargelligo Airport 26.9 +1.4 39.1 21st 9.6 -0.9 4.2 2nd 10.0 39.2 low 26%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Lord Howe Island Aero 21.5 +0.7 24.1 11th 15.4 -0.3 8.6 16th 83.8 106.1 average 79%
Norfolk Island Aero 20.7 +0.5 23.6 25th 15.2 +0.4 13.0 2nd 33.4 84.8 low 39%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Friday 1 November 2013. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.

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