New South Wales in October 2016: Another cool month

Temperatures remained below average across most of the State during October, with the statewide average minimum temperature the coolest since 2003. Rainfall was below-average near the coast and close to average elsewhere in the State, with most of the rain associated with several cold fronts during the month.

Below average rainfall

  • The statewide average rainfall was 14.5% below average during October
  • Rain was close to average across most of the State but below average across much of the coast, particularly in the northeast
  • Several cold fronts produced rainfall during the month, including widespread rain and strong winds over 3-4 October
  • Above-average precipitation in alpine regions during the month contributed to an extended snow season

Cool weather continues

  • Both maximum and minimum temperatures were well below average across NSW west of the Great Dividing Range
  • The statewide average minimum temperature was 1.02 °C below average, the coolest October since 2003
  • Several stations recorded their coolest October mean minimum temperature in at least 20 years
  • The statewide average maximum temperature was 0.89 °C below average, the coolest October since 2010
  • Overnight temperatures were persistently cool throughout the month, with several stations recording record numbers of nights below 10 °C, although few October daily records were broken

Significant weather

  • Following heavy September rain, flooding continued in inland regions during October, with some properties remaining isolated through to the end of the month
  • Severe thunderstorms produced large hail and strong winds overnight on the 21st, particularly in the Parkes and Young regions
  • A cold front produced large amounts of snow in alpine regions during early October, with snow depths deeper than 1 m persisting at Spencer's Creek until the end of the month

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in October 2016
Hottest day 36.9 °C at Menindee Post Office on the 9th
36.9 °C at Bourke Airport AWS on the 27th
Warmest days on average 28.8 °C at Brewarrina Hospital
Coolest days on average 4.6 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day -2.0 °C at Thredbo AWS on the 11th
Coldest night -9.3 °C at Thredbo AWS on the 13th
Coolest nights on average -2.2 °C at Thredbo AWS
Warmest nights on average 16.3 °C at Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS)
Warmest night 23.0 °C at Brewarrina Hospital on the 30th
Warmest on average overall 20.2 °C at Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS
20.2 °C at Tibooburra Airport
Coolest on average overall 1.2 °C at Thredbo AWS
Wettest overall 418.6 mm at Thredbo Village
Driest overall 9.0 mm at Wedderburn (Booalbyn)
Wettest day 80.6 mm at Thredbo Village on the 17th
Strongest wind gust 113 km/h at Coffs Harbour Airport on the 31st

Maps

Observed Anomaly Decile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest October daily rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Cootamundra Airport 29.0 on the 1st 23.8 on the 24th in 1999 22


Record highest October total rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Thredbo Village 418.6 396.7 in 1974 45 183.9

Highest October total rainfall for at least 20 years

Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
October
Moonan Flat (High St) 106.8 167.7 in 1972* 57.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.


Record lowest October total rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Nana Glen (Cowling Close) 12.0 13.0 in 1988 58 84.7
Ballina Airport AWS 11.4 17.0 in 2006 24 93.5

Lowest October total rainfall for at least 20 years

Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
October
Darkes Forest (Kintyre) 11.6 7.2 in 1989* 91.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.


Record lowest October daily maximum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Griffith Airport AWS 13.3 on the 10th 13.4 on the 11th in 2012 42 24.1
Ulladulla AWS 13.2 on the 22nd 13.6 on the 7th in 2009 25 20.8


Lowest October mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
October
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 19.4 =19.4 in 1986* 22.7
Oberon (Springbank) 14.8 14.1 in 1976* 17.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.


Record highest October daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 14.8 on the 31st 14.6 on the 11th in 2013 20 5.7


Record lowest October temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 4.1 on the 1st 5.2 on the 17th in 1976 42 14.1
Lightning Ridge Visitors Information Cen 4.9 on the 4th 5.0 on the 17th in 2010 20 14.4


Record lowest October mean daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 5.3 5.8 in 2012 101 8.0
Cobar MO 10.2 10.4 in 1986 54 12.7
Barraba Post Office 5.4 = 5.4 in 2012 49 8.2
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 5.8 = 5.8 in 2003 42 7.2
Cobar Airport AWS 8.7 9.2 in 2001 23 11.7
Walgett Airport AWS 8.7 9.5 in 2012 23 12.1
Casino Airport AWS 11.2 12.1 in 2003 21 13.4
Moree Aero 10.6 = 10.6 in 2001 21 12.7

Lowest October mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
October
Gunnedah Resource Centre 9.8 8.9 in 1956* 12.2
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 12.3 11.4 in 1981* 14.1
Lake Cargelligo Airport 9.1 9.0 in 1982* 10.5
Peak Hill Post Office 10.0 8.6 in 1989* 11.5
Ballina Airport AWS 12.7 12.6 in 1994 14.0
Yamba Pilot Station 14.8 14.1 in 1994 15.4
Inverell Research Centre 8.5 7.6 in 1994* 10.3
Griffith Airport AWS 7.3 6.4 in 1992* 9.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.


Record lowest October mean temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Tamworth Airport AWS 15.0 15.4 in 1998 24 17.5
Cobar Airport AWS 16.8 = 16.8 in 2001 23 19.3
Walgett Airport AWS 17.8 18.0 in 1998 23 20.6
Glen Innes Airport AWS 11.6 = 11.6 in 2003 20 13.4

Lowest October mean temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
October
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 13.5 12.7 in 1956* 15.8
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 12.8 12.7 in 1976 15.2
Inverell Research Centre 15.1 14.0 in 1976* 16.8
Gunnedah Resource Centre 16.7 16.0 in 1976* 18.8
Barraba Post Office 14.5 14.4 in 1986* 16.7
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 19.5 19.2 in 1984* 20.2
Peak Hill Post Office 16.4 15.7 in 1986* 18.2
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 15.3 =15.3 in 1993 17.3
Oberon (Springbank) 9.5 9.4 in 1976* 11.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.


Summary statistics for October 2016

Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2016
Mean for
October
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2016
Total for
October
2016
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2016
Fraction of
October
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 25.8 -2.9 35.9 9th 10.5 -2.9 5.3 24th 23.6 14.2 high 166%
Tibooburra Airport 27.1 -2.3 36.0 9th 13.2 -2.1 8.0 24th 11.2 12.6 high 89%
White Cliffs AWS 26.6 -2.7 36.1 9th 12.0 -2.9 7.8 23rd 10.2 13.0 average 78%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 25.9 -2.6 34.7 9th 9.5 -2.4 3.1 14th 15.6 22.3 average 70%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 24.2 -1.3 35.0 9th 9.7 -1.9 3.0 23rd 12.8 24.4 average 52%
Lake Victoria Storage 23.3 -0.6 36.5 9th 9.0 -1.6 4.2 23rd 24.7 26.7 average 93%
Menindee Post Office 25.8 -0.9 36.9 9th 10.0 -1.4 5.8 5th 15.3 22.3 average 69%
Pooncarie Mail Agency 25.5 -1.9 35.6 9th 9.5 -1.4 3.8 14th 17.6 25.7 average 68%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 28.1 -1.9 36.9 27th 11.2 -2.6 5.2 18th 29.6 20.4 high 145%
Brewarrina Hospital 28.8 -0.2 36.1 10th 11.5 -1.4 5.2 2nd 16.2 29.4 average 55%
Cobar Airport AWS 24.9 -2.0 33.3 29th 8.7 -3.0 2.5 23rd 23.6 29.6 average 80%
Cobar MO 24.8 -1.4 33.3 29th 10.2 -2.5 4.1 23rd 21.2 33.7 average 63%
Collarenebri (Albert St) 27.5 -1.5 35.0 11th 11.1 -2.0 4.8 4th 45.0 37.8 average 119%
Lightning Ridge Visitors Information Cen 27.3 -2.2 35.4 10th 9.2 -5.2 4.9 4th 48.3 39.7 average 122%
Wanaaring Post Office 28.1 -1.5 36.0 29th 11.4 -1.9 4.7 24th 11.0 20.5 average 54%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 24.6 -2.7 32.8 26th 8.9 -3.1 3.7 23rd 29.6 13.7 high 216%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 22.4 -2.7 30.4 29th 8.4 -1.1 2.7 12th 31.6 47.4 average 67%
Condobolin Airport AWS 22.8 -2.7 31.1 29th 7.9 -1.6 2.4 15th 35.6 36.6 average 97%
Peak Hill Post Office 22.8 -2.1 30.7 29th 10.0 -1.5 3.6 12th 55.0 47.9 average 115%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 21.5 -3.2 30.0 26th 7.5 -1.4 3.1 20th 45.8 44.6 average 103%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 24.7 -3.1 33.4 27th 8.1 -3.2 2.6 12th 41.0 40.9 average 100%
Nyngan Airport 25.5 -1.2 32.6 29th 9.7 -1.8 5.0 12th 25.2 34.3 average 73%
Trangie Research Station AWS 23.3 -2.1 30.6 28th 9.0 -1.3 2.8 12th 54.2 44.7 average 121%
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 27.5 -1.6 34.8 10th 11.7 -1.7 4.8 12th 58.6 37.9 high 155%
Walgett Airport AWS 26.9 -2.2 36.5 27th 8.7 -3.4 1.8 6th 52.0 38.7 high 134%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 25.7 -2.4 32.8 27th 10.6 -2.1 4.3 12th 56.8 44.4 average 128%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Barraba Post Office 23.4 -1.9 28.5 9th 5.4 -2.8 0.5 12th 68.4 62.1 average 110%
Narrabri Airport AWS 24.7 -3.7 31.2 27th 9.9 -2.2 3.4 23rd 59.6 34.2 v high 174%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 24.2 -3.4 30.6 27th 6.8 -3.0 0.3 12th 64.8 42.0 high 154%
Gunnedah Resource Centre 23.5 -1.8 30.4 27th 9.8 -2.4 4.1 12th 21.6 56.6 low 38%
Quirindi Post Office 23.4 -1.9 30.0 27th 8.1 -0.6 3.0 23rd 94.4 59.5 high 159%
Tamworth Airport AWS 22.9 -2.6 29.3 27th 7.1 -2.5 1.2 12th 76.0 53.8 high 141%
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 19.2 -2.0 26.0 27th 4.6 -0.5 -1.0 23rd 99.4 72.8 high 137%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 19.7 -1.7 25.6 10th 4.9 -0.8 -0.9 24th 76.6 64.8 average 118%
Armidale Airport AWS 18.3 -2.3 24.2 10th 6.4 -0.8 -0.4 12th 91.2 70.7 high 129%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 18.8 -1.4 24.0 10th 5.8 -1.4 0.5 18th 65.4 75.4 average 87%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 19.0 -2.3 24.3 10th 4.1 -1.4 -1.6 18th 114.8 76.6 high 150%
Guyra Hospital 16.9 -1.7 22.4 10th 5.5 -0.9 -1.0 23rd 98.0 73.8 high 133%
Inverell (Raglan St) 22.5 -2.4 28.0 27th 7.5 -0.4 1.0 1st 83.2 66.5 average 125%
Inverell Research Centre 21.7 -1.6 27.2 27th 8.5 -1.8 3.1 1st 87.6 74.6 high 117%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 20.9 -1.5 25.8 27th 5.3 -2.7 -1.1 18th 64.8 76.3 average 85%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 23.7 -0.2 28.6 8th 11.5 -1.0 7.7 18th 65.6 85.3 average 77%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 25.1 +0.2 31.8 8th 12.7 -1.3 6.8 7th 11.4 93.5 lowest 12%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 23.9 +0.3 28.5 29th 16.3 -0.6 12.4 14th 27.0 90.5 low 30%
Casino Airport AWS 28.5 +1.0 33.6 8th 11.2 -2.2 5.7 7th 18.6 61.8 low 30%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 26.5 +0.9 33.7 26th 13.8 -1.3 9.2 24th 38.4 83.8 average 46%
Grafton Airport AWS 26.7 -0.1 31.8 27th 10.8 -1.8 4.7 6th 21.0 61.1 low 34%
Grafton Research Stn 27.0 -0.2 33.2 27th 12.3 -0.9 6.8 1st 29.6 59.6 low 50%
Lismore Airport AWS 27.3 0.0 33.5 8th 10.6 -2.1 5.9 1st 18.0 73.7 low 24%
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 26.5 +0.1 33.1 8th 12.3 -1.8 4.1 1st 16.1 102.9 v low 16%
Yamba Pilot Station 25.1 +1.7 33.0 8th 14.8 -0.6 10.6 24th 31.8 78.1 low 41%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 24.4   29.4 31st 12.4   5.3 6th 28.8


Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 21.3 0.0 29.0 10th 8.8 -1.0 3.0 18th 33.4 101.8 low 33%
Kempsey Airport AWS 25.7 -0.1 31.6 27th 9.3 -1.7 3.1 6th 61.8 74.2 average 83%
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 24.3 +1.0 28.8 8th 15.4 +0.3 10.5 24th 83.8 90.7 average 92%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 23.1 +0.3 29.9 6th 13.1 -0.8 8.5 2nd 79.7 78.0 average 102%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 24.2 +0.1 30.2 27th 10.6 -1.4 3.3 6th 83.0 73.1 high 114%
Taree Airport AWS 24.9 +0.1 31.9 10th 11.1 -0.8 4.8 6th 73.4 73.7 high 100%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 25.8 +0.2 34.2 10th 10.9 -0.5 6.0 2nd 122.4 122.3 average 100%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 24.5 -0.8 32.2 10th 10.0 +0.3 2.7 15th 53.0 51.1 average 104%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 24.7   33.8 10th 10.1   3.4 12th 55.4


Gosford AWS 23.7   34.1 10th 11.6   6.3 12th 39.8


Maitland Airport AWS 24.7   32.4 10th 10.8   4.7 15th 47.8


Mangrove Mountain AWS 23.1 +0.3 31.4 10th 10.6 -0.9 3.9 12th 41.2 69.1 average 60%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 22.2   29.9 27th 6.7   -0.2 15th 39.8 50.4 average 79%
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 22.2 -2.0 28.4 27th     1.0 24th 183.1 72.7 v high 252%
Murrurundi Gap AWS 18.3 -3.4 24.6 27th 9.3 -1.7 3.0 23rd 119.8 48.6 v high 247%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 22.9 -0.3 29.0 7th 15.0 +1.0 11.2 11th 57.6 78.0 average 74%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 22.5 +0.3 31.0 10th 14.3 +0.3 9.8 12th 110.0 72.5 high 152%
Newcastle University 24.5 -0.4 32.2 10th 12.5 -0.8 6.8 12th 58.0 59.3 average 98%
Norah Head AWS 23.2 +0.5 32.6 10th 14.2 -0.7 9.3 12th 60.2 55.0 average 109%
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 25.0 -0.1 33.4 10th 11.3 -0.1 5.9 12th 44.8 64.2 average 70%
Scone Airport AWS 23.4 -1.8 30.2 27th 8.1 -1.4 2.1 12th 68.6 47.9 high 143%
Singleton STP 25.1 -1.3 32.1 10th 10.7 +0.7 4.1 15th 52.2 43.4 average 120%
Williamtown RAAF 24.3 +0.6 33.4 10th 12.0 +0.1 5.5 15th 75.6 72.7 average 104%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 21.6 -2.1 29.2 27th 7.8 -1.5 2.5 12th 86.6 55.6 high 156%
Mudgee Airport AWS 20.9 -2.2 27.9 27th 6.6 -0.9 1.2 12th 75.8 51.3 high 148%
Nullo Mountain AWS 15.7 -1.8 22.9 27th 6.1 -1.8 0.0 1st 108.6 71.0 high 153%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 18.4 -1.6 25.5 27th 5.0 -1.1 -0.3 12th 56.2 59.1 average 95%
Bathurst Airport AWS 18.3 -2.1 25.8 27th 5.3 -0.8 0.0 12th 42.0 52.4 average 80%
Katoomba (Murri St) 17.6 -0.2 22.7 10th 7.1 -0.7 2.0 12th 35.2 90.6 low 39%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 17.4 -2.5 24.2 27th 5.8 -0.5 -2.1 14th 54.2 62.2 average 87%
Mount Boyce AWS 16.7 -1.1 22.4 21st 6.2 -1.4 0.7 12th 27.0 62.9 low 43%
Oberon (Springbank) 14.8 -2.4 20.6 27th 4.1 -0.7 -0.7 2nd 95.4 77.8 average 123%
Orange Airport AWS 15.9 -2.3 22.6 27th 4.9 -0.7 0.4 14th 90.4 73.8 average 122%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 23.3 -0.6 31.2 10th 11.4 -0.2 6.1 24th 21.4 72.9 low 29%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Namoi Street) 21.6 -2.7 29.5 27th 6.9 -0.2 1.9 12th 89.6 58.9 high 152%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 20.2 -3.6 28.0 27th 9.5 -2.0 3.2 23rd 82.4 45.3 high 182%
Dunedoo Post Office 22.8 -1.6 31.3 27th 7.6 -1.6 1.6 12th 82.8 52.0 high 159%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 21.0 -3.4 28.2 29th 6.3 -0.5 1.6 12th 37.8 32.1 average 118%
Dubbo Airport AWS 22.4 -2.7 29.3 29th 7.9 -1.4 2.1 12th 56.2 43.8 average 128%
Forbes Airport AWS 22.0 -3.0 30.6 29th 7.7 -0.9 2.8 12th 35.0 37.8 average 93%
Parkes Airport AWS 21.2 -3.0 28.6 29th 6.5 -1.1 1.0 24th 61.0 51.2 average 119%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 22.4 -2.5 29.6 27th 7.0 -1.6 1.7 12th 86.0 55.7 high 154%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 24.6 +0.7 33.1 10th 11.1 -0.7 5.7 2nd 17.4 58.9 low 30%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 23.6 +0.1 32.8 10th 11.1 -1.0 5.8 6th 20.4 59.0 low 35%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 24.0   32.4 10th 9.8   3.6 12th 26.4


Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 24.3 +0.3 33.5 10th 12.1 +0.1 6.0 14th 19.2 66.7 low 29%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 23.9 +1.8 33.6 10th 14.3 +0.7 9.0 14th 31.4 76.4 low 41%
Sydney Airport AMO 24.0 +1.4 34.3 10th 14.0 +0.7 8.4 14th 34.0 69.8 average 49%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 21.5 +0.3 32.6 10th 14.7 -0.6 10.2 14th



Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 24.5   34.3 10th 12.0   6.4 14th 20.2


Terrey Hills AWS 22.5 -0.3 32.9 10th 12.3 -0.9 6.5 12th 31.8 70.8 low 45%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Badgerys Creek AWS 24.5 -0.4 32.1 10th 9.6 -0.8 3.6 12th 14.2 51.2 low 28%
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 24.2 -0.5 32.1 10th 11.6 -0.1 5.9 15th 14.4 54.9 low 26%
Penrith Lakes AWS 25.3 -0.6 33.4 10th 11.6 -0.5 6.9 12th 12.4 51.5 low 24%
Prospect Reservoir 24.3 +0.4 32.6 10th 11.7 -0.4 5.6 12th 20.5 58.5 low 35%
Richmond RAAF 25.2 -0.1 34.0 10th 10.4 -0.6 4.0 14th 13.6 47.4 low 29%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 23.9 +0.8 31.3 16th 10.6 -0.1 3.5 15th 18.8 66.8 low 28%
Bellambi AWS 21.8 +0.2 29.4 7th 13.6 -0.5 8.7 24th 6.2 71.7 v low 9%
Camden Airport AWS 24.4 +0.1 31.6 10th 9.2 -0.7 3.4 14th 16.2 61.0 low 27%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 24.1   31.4 10th 9.2   3.3 14th 14.8 41.1 low 36%
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 17.3   23.3 16th 7.4   2.5 13th 34.2


Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 20.3 -0.8 26.6 7th 12.9 -0.6 9.0 12th 39.6 76.3 low 52%
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 21.3 -0.4 29.8 7th 13.3 -0.6 8.4 24th 30.6 79.7 low 38%
Moss Vale AWS 17.6 -2.0 24.0 26th 6.9 -0.8 -0.9 14th 33.8 44.5 average 76%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 22.3 -0.9 30.1 16th 10.4 -0.2 5.5 24th 33.2 64.6 low 51%
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 22.4 +0.5 30.2 16th 7.7 -0.8 0.5 14th 16.8 44.3 low 38%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 17.3 -1.9 23.9 26th 5.1 -0.5 -1.6 14th 27.8 54.4 low 51%
Green Cape AWS 18.6 -0.5 28.0 7th 11.1 -1.1 8.4 14th 30.8 47.2 average 65%
Merimbula Airport AWS 21.2 +0.5 28.6 30th 8.3 -0.7 2.6 14th 17.6 54.7 low 32%
Montague Island Lighthouse 20.1 +1.3 28.8 7th 12.7 0.0 9.0 23rd 32.8 63.0 low 52%
Moruya Airport AWS 22.2 +0.6 30.3 7th 8.5 -0.9 2.6 24th 25.0 74.1 low 34%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 21.5 +1.3 29.3 16th 10.7 0.0 4.9 24th 28.4 77.8 low 37%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 20.6 +1.1 28.3 16th 10.5 -0.8 6.0 23rd 30.8 72.2 low 43%
Nerriga AWS 17.4   24.1 16th 6.1   -1.2 24th 32.0


Ulladulla AWS 21.0 +0.2 30.0 16th 12.1 -0.3 6.9 24th 31.6 84.1 low 38%
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 18.3 -0.5 24.5 30th 4.0 -0.7 -2.1 14th 39.4 55.2 average 71%
Bombala AWS 16.4 -1.4 23.2 30th 3.9 -1.1 -3.6 14th 35.4 49.5 average 72%
Canberra Airport 18.5   24.1 26th 5.2   -1.0 24th 43.6


Cooma Airport AWS 15.9 -2.4 23.9 26th 3.0 -0.5 -5.1 14th 22.2 44.3 low 50%
Cooma Visitors Centre 17.4 -2.1 24.5 26th 3.4 -0.4 -4.2 14th 20.5 44.7 low 46%
Goulburn Airport AWS 17.5 -2.3 23.8 26th 4.9 -0.2 -2.1 14th 47.4 49.4 average 96%
Goulburn TAFE 17.8 -2.0 24.3 26th 6.4 -0.6 0.2 14th 47.2 52.0 average 91%
Mount Ginini AWS 9.4 -3.6 16.3 27th 0.2 -2.9 -4.8 31st 108.0 72.6 high 149%
Taralga Post Office 17.4 -1.0 24.5 26th 5.2 -0.1 -2.0 14th 71.3 69.6 average 102%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 18.5 -2.5 25.2 26th 6.0 -0.3 -0.4 14th 40.4 51.9 average 78%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 7.7   15.1 29th -0.6   -6.6 13th 404.6


Thredbo AWS 4.6 -2.6 10.8 29th -2.2 -1.8 -9.3 13th 258.6 123.9 high 209%
Thredbo Village 11.2 -2.2 18.2 29th 0.7 -1.1 -4.5 14th 418.6 183.9 highest 228%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 19.7 -2.2 25.7 29th 7.6 -0.4 3.3 23rd 61.4 48.0 average 128%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 9.3 -3.0 16.8 26th 1.5 -2.7 -2.9 11th 168.6 101.2 high 167%
Hume Reservoir 19.2 -1.9 25.6 29th 8.6 -0.6 4.6 20th 66.8 67.7 average 99%
Khancoban AWS 18.2 -2.9 25.0 29th 6.3 -0.1 0.6 13th 129.6 69.9 high 185%
Tumbarumba Post Office 17.6 -1.9 24.5 29th 4.7 -0.6 -0.5 23rd 111.8 95.3 average 117%
Wagga Wagga AMO 19.8 -1.8 26.8 29th 7.4 -0.4 2.2 12th 65.6 56.8 average 115%
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 19.5 -0.9 26.0 26th 7.2 -1.1 3.5 20th 105.4 84.5 high 125%
Cootamundra Airport 19.3 -3.1 26.5 26th 6.5 +0.5 1.6 12th 91.5 45.9 v high 199%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 19.4 -3.3 27.4 29th 7.5 -1.4 2.1 20th 64.5 54.3 average 119%
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 20.6 -1.8 26.7 29th 7.1 -0.9 -0.5 24th 77.7 52.0 high 149%
Temora Airport 20.0 -4.9 27.8 26th 6.2 -0.9 1.1 12th 41.6 32.4 average 128%
Young Airport 19.3 -2.8 26.6 29th 5.4 +0.1 0.6 12th 88.4 45.9 high 193%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 20.1 -2.2 26.5 29th 7.2 -0.9 3.0 2nd 60.9 51.5 average 118%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 21.0 -2.8 28.0 30th 7.3 -1.1 1.8 24th 28.4 33.5 average 85%
Narrandera Airport AWS 21.4 -2.9 29.5 29th 8.0 -1.2 2.8 24th 49.2 40.8 high 121%
Tocumwal Airport 20.5 -2.1 28.0 30th 7.5 -1.3 3.1 5th 37.4 43.0 average 87%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 21.3 -3.6 29.6 29th 8.6 -1.9 2.8 13th 46.2 37.5 high 123%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 22.0 -2.1 29.9 26th 7.3 -1.8 1.0 24th 41.8 38.0 average 110%
Hay Airport AWS 22.6   30.3 29th 7.2   1.4 24th 23.6 18.6 high 127%
Hillston Airport 23.0 -1.8 31.0 26th 8.3 -2.0 2.4 24th 34.9 35.6 average 98%
Lake Cargelligo Airport 23.1 -2.5 31.9 29th 9.1 -1.4 5.2 5th 33.2 39.0 average 85%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Lord Howe Island Aero 21.1 +0.2 23.5 28th 15.5 -0.2 8.9 13th 84.8 103.1 average 82%
Norfolk Island Aero 21.0 +0.8 22.6 1st 15.0 +0.2 11.2 23rd 40.2 83.9 low 48%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Tuesday 1 November 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

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