Sydney in November 2016: A sunny end to spring

November was warm, dry and sunny in Sydney, with fewer rain days and more sunshine than normal. Average maximum temperatures were the equal fourth-warmest on record at Observatory Hill, with persistently warm days throughout the month.

A dry end to spring

  • Rainfall was below average across Sydney during November, but generally not as dry as November 2014.
  • Sydney Observatory Hill recorded rain on only 5 days (average 12 days)
  • Thunder was reported at Sydney Airport on 5 days, with reports of hail from a storm near Sackville on the 28th
  • There were an average of 9.5 hours of sunshine at Sydney Airport, the sunniest November since 1990

Warm temperatures across the city

  • Maximum temperatures were well above average across the city, and the equal fourth-warmest on record at Observatory Hill
  • There were 18 days of 25 °C or higher at Observatory Hill, the third-highest number on record and the most since 1894
  • Five days reached 30 °C at Observatory Hill (average is 3 days), with 13 days reaching 30 °C at Richmond, the most since 2009 (average is 8 days)
  • The coldest day had a maximum temperature of 22.7 °C at Observatory Hill on the 9th; all previous Novembers have had at least one day below 21 °C
  • Nights were also warm across the city, with Observatory Hill recording its equal eighth-warmest November for mean minimum temperatures
  • Four nights remained above 20 °C at Observatory Hill (average 1 night), with the coolest night dropping to 12.1 °C on the 1st.

Further information

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Extremes in November 2016
Hottest day 37.4 °C at Campbelltown (Mount Annan) on the 18th
37.4 °C at Penrith Lakes AWS on the 22nd
Warmest days on average 30.0 °C at Penrith Lakes AWS
Coolest days on average 25.4 °C at Terrey Hills AWS
Coldest day 20.0 °C at Terrey Hills AWS on the 15th
Coldest night 4.5 °C at Camden Airport AWS on the 1st
Coolest nights on average 13.0 °C at Camden Airport AWS
13.0 °C at Campbelltown (Mount Annan)
Warmest nights on average 17.3 °C at Sydney (Observatory Hill)
Warmest night 21.8 °C at Sydney Airport AMO on the 5th
Warmest on average overall 22.7 °C at Penrith Lakes AWS
Coolest on average overall 20.4 °C at Terrey Hills AWS
Wettest overall 45.0 mm at Mona Vale Golf Club
Driest overall 9.0 mm at Milperra Bridge (Georges River)
Wettest day 21.6 mm at Richmond RAAF on the 12th
Strongest wind gust 81 km/h at Sydney Airport AMO on the 13th

Lowest November total rainfall for at least 20 years

Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Lucas Heights (ANSTO) 11.8 9.8 in 1982 92.3
Peakhurst Golf Club 12.0 0.4 in 1982* 75.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported


Summary statistics for November 2016

Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2016
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2016
Total for
November
2016
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2016
Fraction of
November
average
Badgerys Creek AWS 29.7 +3.4 36.8 22nd 13.2 -0.3 6.3 1st 9.8 71.0 v low 14%
Bankstown Airport AWS 28.4 +3.1 36.9 18th 15.1 +0.7 8.3 2nd 14.0 77.6 v low 18%
Camden Airport AWS 29.2 +3.0 37.2 22nd 13.0 0.0 4.5 1st 13.2 76.2 low 17%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 28.6 +1.5 37.4 18th 13.0 -0.7 5.6 2nd 26.8


Canterbury Racecourse AWS 26.4 +1.7 34.9 18th 14.8 -0.1 8.6 2nd 26.8 78.7 low 34%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 27.8   37.1 22nd 13.5   6.9 1st 12.6


Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 28.8 +2.5 36.6 22nd 14.6 +0.2 9.3 3rd 14.2 81.3 v low 17%
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 27.8 +2.4 36.5 22nd 14.9 +0.8 9.5 2nd 29.2 85.5 low 34%
Penrith Lakes AWS 30.0 +2.7 37.4 22nd 15.3 +0.3 9.1 1st 16.6 82.6 low 20%
Prospect Reservoir 28.4 +2.9 36.4 18th 15.1 +0.8 9.3 3rd 29.3 73.2 low 40%
Richmond RAAF 29.9 +3.0 36.7 22nd 14.4 +0.2 6.2 2nd 40.6 79.5 low 51%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 27.8 +2.2 35.1 22nd 14.4 +0.3 7.2 1st 21.4 95.9 low 22%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 26.1 +2.5 32.5 12th 17.3 +1.6 12.1 1st 27.2 83.8 low 32%
Sydney Airport AMO 26.4 +2.3 35.1 18th 17.1 +1.6 11.8 1st 27.2 80.9 low 34%
Terrey Hills AWS 25.4 +1.4 33.5 12th 15.3 -0.1 10.9 1st 33.4 102.4 low 33%

Daily maximum temperatures for November 2016

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Badgerys Creek AWS 25.0 27.6 29.7 31.4 25.3 26.4 34.6 30.2 23.6 30.3 27.9 35.7 29.9 27.0 24.7 28.2 28.2 36.7 27.3 30.6 34.7 36.8 35.1 26.8 29.1 30.8 27.2 32.0 29.5
Bankstown Airport AWS 25.0 27.0 28.8 31.6 25.5 26.6 34.4 27.3 23.0 27.9 25.3 36.0 30.0 25.4 23.7 25.3 27.0 36.9 25.1 29.3 31.6 36.6 33.6 24.3 25.9 28.4 25.7 30.6 26.4 27.0
Camden Airport AWS 24.8 26.8 29.4 30.6 23.9 25.2 34.1 29.2 23.7 30.9 26.9 35.1 28.5 25.5 24.5 26.7 28.3 36.7 26.8 30.8 35.0 37.2 32.4 26.2 28.3 30.7 26.9 32.8 28.2 29.0
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 24.7 26.9 29.6 30.3 23.8 24.9 33.9 28.5 24.1 28.4 26.4 34.7 28.6 24.2 24.0 25.4 27.6 37.4 26.1 30.6 34.7 36.3 32.5 24.6 27.1 30.3 26.4 32.4 26.8 27.4
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 23.2 24.3 26.5 30.7 24.9 23.8 31.3 24.6 21.6 25.6 24.2 34.0 28.8 23.1 21.8 23.1 24.7 34.9 22.4 26.4 29.9 34.2 31.1 21.9 23.9 25.6 25.0 28.9 24.0 26.1
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 23.7 26.6 29.3 31.2 24.4 25.9 34.8 27.2 22.5 27.7 24.5 35.3 28.9 24.0 22.3 25.2 25.9 36.6 23.9 29.2 31.4 37.1 33.7 23.4 26.2 28.5 24.1 29.9 25.5 26.2
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 24.3 27.1 28.9 30.9 25.1 25.8 34.9 29.6 24.4 29.8 26.2 35.1 29.1 25.9 24.0 25.3 27.9 36.5 26.2 29.9 33.0 36.6 33.9 25.1 27.2 29.4 26.0 31.8 27.3 28.2
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 24.0 27.0 29.0 31.0 25.6 26.0 34.0 27.8 22.4 27.8 24.8 35.2 29.8 24.8 22.8 24.6 26.0 36.2 24.0 27.0 33.0 36.5 33.0 23.0 28.2 23.5 24.0 30.0 25.2 27.2
Penrith Lakes AWS 25.8 28.2 29.7 31.7 25.9 27.6 35.5 30.9 24.3 30.2 29.3 35.6 29.5 26.9 25.1 28.1 28.9 37.0 28.6 29.3 33.5 37.4 34.3 27.2 29.7 31.5 27.9 31.0 29.3 30.4
Prospect Reservoir 24.7 27.1 29.4 30.7 25.0 26.0 34.6 28.4 23.2 29.0 25.5 34.4 29.0 24.8 23.4 25.5 27.5 36.4 25.5 29.0 32.7 35.6 32.5 24.8 26.8 29.5 25.4 31.9 26.2 28.7
Richmond RAAF 25.1 27.6 29.6 30.9 25.8 27.2 35.1 32.8 26.0 31.0 28.5 35.1 30.0 26.4 23.9 27.5 28.6 36.1 27.7 30.0 35.6 36.7 35.2 26.6 29.3 31.0 28.1 31.0 29.2 29.6
Springwood (Valley Heights) 24.1 26.3 26.7 29.5 24.0 25.6 33.2 29.4 20.6 29.6 26.3 33.8 27.2 24.7 21.5 25.4 26.6 35.0 26.1 26.5 31.5 35.1 34.0 25.1 28.7 28.5 24.8 28.5 27.0
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 24.5 24.1 25.2 30.6 25.7 26.0 28.1 28.3 22.7 24.6 24.3 32.5 30.3 24.4 23.2 25.2 23.9 31.4 24.8 25.1 28.4 31.0 26.2 23.4 25.5 24.4 23.5 26.1 25.3 25.2
Sydney Airport AMO 23.4 23.5 27.3 32.6 25.6 23.8 30.8 22.4 20.5 25.0 24.1 34.7 30.8 22.8 21.5 23.8 25.3 35.1 22.9 26.7 30.8 33.1 29.2 22.2 23.7 26.3 24.4 28.8 23.8 26.2
Terrey Hills AWS 21.0 22.4 24.2 28.7 24.5 23.1 31.4 29.4 20.3 23.1 22.5 33.5 29.5 21.8 20.0 22.7 24.3 33.0 22.1 25.4 30.0 32.7 30.1 21.5 24.3 24.5 21.5 27.1 23.6 24.7
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period


Daily minimum temperatures for November 2016

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Badgerys Creek AWS 6.3 6.4 8.4 9.3 13.9 9.1 8.1 13.1 16.3 13.3 15.2 17.0 12.5 15.4 12.9 9.4 15.5 11.7 15.2 17.3 15.5 14.5 17.3 11.8 8.8 13.0 18.1 18.1 17.6 16.4
Bankstown Airport AWS 9.4 8.3 10.2 12.8 19.9 12.9 10.8 14.9 17.4 15.1 16.9 18.2 13.8 16.8 14.6 10.8 15.9 12.9 19.0 19.0 16.9 16.4 17.7 12.2 11.2 14.2 19.3 20.0 18.3 16.6
Camden Airport AWS 4.5 5.6 7.4 8.8 10.5 9.0 8.1 12.4 16.3 13.2 15.9 17.4 12.4 16.2 13.2 9.1 14.3 11.1 14.5 17.9 15.9 14.4 18.1 11.7 9.0 12.5 17.5 17.8 16.9 17.0
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 5.7 5.6 8.4 10.1 13.6 7.8 7.9 12.8 16.3 14.0 14.8 17.3 14.0 16.2 12.7 9.3 13.1 11.2 15.1 17.6 15.1 15.0 18.1 9.3 8.8 12.2 16.0 18.0 16.7 15.9
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 10.1 8.6 10.3 12.5 16.6 10.9 10.2 13.6 17.1 14.5 17.5 18.2 13.3 16.7 15.1 10.8 15.6 12.4 18.9 18.7 16.9 17.2 17.0 12.8 11.3 14.5 19.0 19.9 18.7 14.8
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 6.9 7.0 7.9 10.1 18.4 9.1 8.7 15.6 16.2 13.9 14.9 17.0 12.5 15.6 12.5 8.6 14.1 11.7 17.1 17.5 15.8 16.0 16.9 10.1 9.8 11.9 17.7 18.8 17.1 15.3
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 9.4 10.5 9.3 11.7 18.4 9.9 11.4 17.9 16.8 13.8 15.3 17.3 14.6 15.9 13.6 10.1 15.4 12.7 18.1 17.2 16.4 17.0 19.1 11.2 10.6 13.2 17.9 18.5 17.7 17.1
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 10.0 9.5 10.2 12.6 21.0 11.0 11.0 21.5 17.2 15.5 17.0 17.8 15.5 16.7 14.0 10.6 16.0 12.5 18.5 18.0
17.5 20.5 11.5 11.0 12.3

18.5 15.7
Penrith Lakes AWS 9.1 9.2 10.6 13.1 17.1 11.7 11.3 15.2 17.6 16.1 17.6 18.2 14.4 17.2 13.4 11.3 15.9 14.1 17.8 18.1 18.1 17.0 18.7 13.7 12.0 15.7 19.1 19.6 18.9 17.5
Prospect Reservoir 10.2 9.9 9.3 13.2 19.7 11.0 11.7 19.3 17.2 15.5 16.5 17.7 14.9 14.7 14.6 10.6 15.3 13.1 18.4 20.4 17.1 16.6 19.4 12.5 11.0 13.5 17.8 18.3 18.3 16.5
Richmond RAAF 7.2 6.2 8.2 11.5 15.8 13.2 10.0 14.9 18.0 14.6 15.6 17.8 13.3 16.5 13.1 10.4 15.9 12.3 15.9 18.0 17.7 16.2 18.1 12.9 9.8 14.4 19.3 19.8 17.3 18.1
Springwood (Valley Heights) 7.2 9.5 10.6 13.3 17.0 10.7 12.9 19.6 16.0 13.3 15.4 16.5 16.8 14.2 11.0 10.8 14.1 14.9 18.5 15.8 16.5 18.4 16.1 10.8 10.1 14.2 16.5 17.3 16.4 16.1
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 12.1 13.0 13.6 15.3 21.0 15.7 14.8 21.2 17.8 16.9 17.8 18.4 18.9 17.4 15.4 14.3 17.3 16.4 19.3 19.1 19.7 21.0 19.8 13.5 14.7 18.1 19.6 20.3 19.3 18.2
Sydney Airport AMO 11.8 12.9 14.3 15.6 21.8 14.8 15.0 18.6 17.0 16.5 17.7 18.0 18.2 17.4 15.2 14.1 16.5 17.4 18.7 18.4 20.4 21.1 19.7 13.1 15.4 16.9 18.8 20.2 19.1 18.3
Terrey Hills AWS 10.9 11.0 12.2 13.6 20.2 11.6 13.5 20.6 16.3 14.8 15.7 17.3 18.1 15.2 12.3 11.1 14.0 14.8 17.2 16.9 17.8 19.3 17.4 11.2 12.5 14.4 18.0 17.7 17.5 15.3
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period


Daily rainfall for November 2016

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Abbotsbury (Fairfield (City Farm)) - - - - - - - - 1.0 2.0 - 8.0 - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - 1.0 - - - - - -
Abbotsford (Blackwall Point Rd) - - - - - - - - 3.0 11.0 - 8.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 5.0





Audley (Royal National Park) - - - - - - - - 2.0 2.0 - 9.0 - - 3.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Badgerys Creek AWS - - - - - - - - 1.6 1.6 - 5.4 - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 -
Bankstown Airport AWS - - - - - - - - 1.8 3.2 - 6.2 - - 0.8 - - - - - - - - 2.0 - - - - - -
Baulkham Hills Eucalyptus Ct 0.5 - - - - - - - 3.5 9.5 - 9.5 - - - - - - - 2.0 - - - 5.0 0.5 - - - - -
Belrose (Evelyn Place) - - - - - - - - 2.2 13.2 - 10.6 - - 2.0 - - - - - - 0.2 - 5.6 - - - -

Berowra (Goodwyn Road) - - - - - - - - 2.2 12.4 - 16.0 - - 0.8 - - - - - - - - 1.4 - - 0.2


Box Hill (McCall Gardens) - - - - - - - - 2.0 6.0 - 14.0 - - 1.0 - - - - 3.0 - - - - - - - - - -
Camden Airport AWS - - - - - - - - 4.8 0.6 - 6.8 - - 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - -
Campbelltown (Kentlyn (Georges River Roa - - - - - - - - 2.0 4.0 - 7.0 - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - 4.0 - - - - - -
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) - - - - - - - - 1.6 2.2 - 8.6 0.2 - 2.8 - - 0.2 - - - - - 11.2 - - - - - -
Canterbury Racecourse AWS - - - - - - - - 2.8 7.4 - 12.4 0.2 - 0.2 0.2 - - - - - - 0.2 3.4 - - - - - -
Castle Cove (Rosebridge Ave) - - - - - - - - 3.5 11.0 - 9.0 - - 1.5 - - - - - - - - 8.0 - - - 2.2 - -
Castle Hill (Kathleen Ave) - - - - - - - - 0.8 12.2 - - - - - - - - - 1.8 9.0 - - 3.0





Chatswood Bowling Club - - - - - - - - 2.0 10.0 - 8.0 - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - 4.0 - - - - - -
Collaroy (Long Reef Golf Club) - - - - - - - - 3.6 15.2 - 9.0

















Concord (Brays Rd) - - - - - - - - 3.2 10.6 - 8.6 - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - 5.6 - - - - - -
Concord Golf Club - - - - - - - - - 10.6 - 8.6 - - - - - - - - - - - 4.6





Frenchs Forest (Frenchs Forest Rd) - - - - - - - - 2.0 12.0 - 10.0 - - 3.0 - - - - - - - - 8.0 - - - - - -
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS - - - - - - - - 2.0 3.0 - 5.4 0.2 - 2.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS - - - - - - - - 1.4 2.6 - 7.6 - - 0.6 0.2 - - - 0.8 0.2 - - 0.8 - - - - - -
Lucas Heights (ANSTO) - - - - - - - - 2.2 2.4 - 6.2 - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6

Marrickville Golf Club - - - - - - - - 2.0 8.0 - 13.0 - - - - - - - - - - 7.0 4.0 - - - - - -
Milperra Bridge (Georges River) - - - - - - - - 1.0 2.0 - 5.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - -
Mona Vale Golf Club - - - 0.2 - - - - 2.0 17.4 - 18.4 - - 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.4 4.4 -
Mount Annan Botanic Garden - - - - - - - - 2.2 1.5 - 9.4 - - 3.2 - - - - - - - - 11.0 - - - - - -
North Parramatta (Burnside Homes) 0.5 - - - - - - - 2.5 9.5 1.0 8.5 - - - - - - - - - - - 5.0 - - - - - -
North Rocks (Muirfield Golf Club) - - - - - - - - 2.5 10.5 - 9.5 - - 0.5 - - - - 0.5 - - - 5.0 - - - - - -
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) - - - - - - - - 3.0 10.4 - 9.4 - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - 5.8 - - - - - -
Peakhurst Golf Club - - - - - - - - 2.0 5.0 - 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 3.0 - - 1.0 - - -
Pennant Hills (Yarrara Road) - - - - - - - - 3.2 10.8 - 10.6 - - 0.8 - - - - - - 0.2 - 2.2 - - - - - -
Penrith Lakes AWS - - - - - - - - 1.2 0.2
10.0 0.2 - 3.0 - - - - 1.8 - - - - - - - - - 0.2
Prospect Reservoir - - - - - - - - 3.0 6.6 - 9.4 0.1 - 0.8 0.2 - - - 5.0 - - - 4.2 - - - - - -
Randwick (Randwick St) - - - - - - - - 3.4 11.4 - 10.6 - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - 2.8 - - -

Richmond RAAF - - - - - - - - 3.8 6.8 - 21.6 0.2 - 4.4 - - - - 1.8 - - - - - - - - 1.8 0.2
Rose Bay (Royal Sydney Golf Club) - - - - - - - - 2.6 9.5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.2 - - - - - -
Rossmore (South Creek) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sans Souci (Public School) - - - - - - - - - - - 4.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 15.0 - - - - - -
Seven Hills (Radio FM 103.2) - - - - - - - - 2.5 6.5 - 8.5 - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - 3.5 - - 0.5 0.5 - -
Seven Hills (Collins St)







4.0 7.4
9.2













5.2 1.0

Springwood (Valley Heights) - - - - - - - - 1.6 0.4 - 11.0 - - 4.6 - 0.4 - - 1.6 - 1.2 - - - - 0.2 0.4 - -
St Ives (Richmond Avenue)







2.6 12.4
11.4

0.8







2.2





Sydney (Observatory Hill) - - - - - - - - 2.0 10.2 - 9.0 - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - 5.4 - - - - - -
Sydney Airport AMO 0.2 - - - - - - - 2.6 7.0 0.2 12.0 - - 0.4 - - - 0.2 - - - 0.6 4.0 - - - - - -
Sydney Botanic Gardens - - - - - - - - 3.0 10.8 - 9.2 - - 0.8 - 0.1 - - - - - 0.2 6.0 - - - 0.1 - -
Terrey Hills AWS - - - - - - - - 3.0 10.8 0.2 14.2 - - 4.6 - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - 0.2 - -
Turramurra (Kissing Point Road)







2.2 10.6
11.2

0.4





0.2
6.0

0.4 0.2
-
Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Sydney using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries