Sydney in March 2016: warmest March nights on record

March was a month of two halves for Sydney. Between the 1st and the 14th, the hot, dry conditions from February continued to affect the city, with record-breaking spells of warm days and nights and the second-longest March dry spell on record. The second half of the month was cooler, with persistent rain along the coast but drier conditions inland, resulting in a contrast in total rainfall between the west and east.

  • Warmest mean minimum temperatures on record for March
  • Equal fourth-warmest March on record for mean maximum temperatures
  • Longest spell of nights above 20 °C on record for any month
  • Longest spell of days above 25 °C, 26 °C and 27 °C on record
  • Dry conditions continue across most of western Sydney
  • A dry start and wet finish for eastern Sydney

Sydney Observatory Hill recorded its warmest March on record for mean minimum temperatures during 2016, with the average minimum temperature 2.1 °C above the historical average. Nights were particularly warm during the first half of the month, with a record-breaking 25 consecutive nights above 20 °C between 19 February and 14 March. Seven nights reached at least 22 °C, the highest number on record for March (average 0.4 nights), while Sydney Airport recorded its equal-warmest March night on record on the 4th.

Maximum temperatures were also well above average across the city, the equal fourth-warmest on record at Observatory Hill, with mean temperatures consequently the second-warmest on record. Daytime temperatures were also very warm during the first half of the month, with a record-breaking 25 consecutive days above 27 °C recorded between 19 February and 14 March, double the previous record of 12 days. This period also broke records for consecutive days above 24 °C, 25 °C and 26 °C, reflecting a prolonged period of warmth in coastal NSW. While only two days reached at least 30 °C, average for March, nine reached at least 30 °C in Parramatta, double the average of 5 days. The second half of the month was cooler for both minimum and maximum temperatures, particularly associated with rain over 19-22 March.

Rainfall was below average across most of the city, with some parts of western Sydney recording their driest March in at least twenty years. This was a continuation of dry conditions during February, with Observatory Hill recording 21 consecutive days without rain between 23 February and 14 March, the second-longest March dry spell on record. A shift to prevailing easterly flow generated rain in coastal parts of the city during the second half of the month, with heaviest falls reaching 51 mm at Avalon Beach on the 16th and 95.4 mm at Randwick on the 21st. Observatory Hill recorded rain on 13 days during the second half of the month, close to the average of 14 days, of which six recorded at least 10 mm (the average is three days). The total rainfall at Observatory Hill was consequently 49% above average for March and the wettest since 2012.

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Extremes in March 2016
Hottest day 35.6 °C at Campbelltown (Mount Annan) on the 9th
35.6 °C at Penrith Lakes AWS on the 9th
Warmest days on average 29.9 °C at Penrith Lakes AWS
Coolest days on average 26.0 °C at Terrey Hills AWS
Coldest day 19.6 °C at Terrey Hills AWS on the 21st
Coldest night 8.9 °C at Campbelltown (Mount Annan) on the 19th
Coolest nights on average 16.1 °C at Camden Airport AWS
16.1 °C at Campbelltown (Mount Annan)
Warmest nights on average 19.7 °C at Sydney (Observatory Hill)
19.7 °C at Sydney Airport AMO
Warmest night 23.4 °C at Sydney Airport AMO on the 4th
Warmest on average overall 24.1 °C at Penrith Lakes AWS
Coolest on average overall 21.7 °C at Springwood (Valley Heights)
Wettest overall 228.3 mm at Randwick (Randwick St)
Driest overall 12.0 mm at Box Hill (Hynds Road)
Wettest day 95.4 mm at Randwick (Randwick St) on the 21st
Strongest wind gust 67 km/h at Kurnell AWS on the 18th

Record lowest March total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Richmond RAAF 12.8 21.4 in 1997 22 70.7
Penrith Lakes AWS 16.8 18.4 in 1996 21 69.2

Lowest March total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
March
Springwood (Valley Heights) 29.0 9.6 in 1991* 125.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.


Record highest March daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Sydney Airport AMO 23.4 on the 4th = 23.4 on the 5th in 1980 77 17.6
Richmond RAAF 22.7 on the 11th 22.0 on the 19th in 2000 22 15.6
Penrith Lakes AWS 23.3 on the 11th 23.2 on the 17th in 2000 21 16.6

Record highest March mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 19.7 19.6 in 2006 157 17.6
Sydney Airport AMO 19.7 = 19.7 in 2006 76 17.6
Penrith Lakes AWS 18.3 18.1 in 2000 20 16.6

Record highest March mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Sydney Airport AMO 23.3 = 23.3 in 2006 76 21.4
Badgerys Creek AWS 22.9 22.8 in 1998 20 20.9
Penrith Lakes AWS 24.1 23.9 in 1998 20 22.0

Highest March mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
March
Bankstown Airport AWS 23.1 23.2 in 1983 21.2

Summary statistics for March 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
March
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
March
2016
Mean for
March
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
March
2016
Total for
March
2016
Average
for
March
Rank of
March
2016
Fraction of
March
average
Badgerys Creek AWS 29.4 +2.7 35.5 9th 16.5 +1.5 11.4 31st 31.6 74.1 low 43%
Bankstown Airport AWS 28.6 +2.3 34.9 9th 17.6 +1.4 12.7 31st 28.0 97.2 low 29%
Camden Airport AWS 29.1 +2.3 35.2 9th 16.1 +1.3 9.9 31st 37.4 86.9 low 43%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 29.2   35.6 9th 16.1   8.9 19th 29.2 70.9 low 41%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 27.3 +1.4 32.1 9th 17.2 +0.8 13.1 19th 99.6 74.6 high 134%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 27.8   33.8 9th 16.9   10.4 19th 65.4
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 28.8 +2.1 34.8 9th 17.1 +1.2 10.6 19th 19.8 71.5 v low 28%
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 28.0 +1.7 33.5 9th 17.1 +1.3 12.0 23rd 46.6 106.7 low 44%
Penrith Lakes AWS 29.9 +2.4 35.6 9th 18.3 +1.7 11.6 19th 16.8 69.2 lowest 24%
Prospect Reservoir 28.8 +2.5 34.9 9th 17.3 +1.2 11.7 19th 34.1 96.2 low 35%
Richmond RAAF 29.7 +2.8 35.4 9th 16.7 +1.1 9.7 19th 12.8 70.7 lowest 18%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 27.1 +2.1 32.7 9th 16.2 +0.9 11.0 29th 29.0 125.0 v low 23%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 26.8 +2.0 30.7 14th 19.7 +2.1 14.3 22nd 193.2 129.6 high 149%
Sydney Airport AMO 27.0 +1.7 31.7 9th 19.7 +2.1 14.4 22nd 147.4 115.7 average 127%
Terrey Hills AWS 26.0 +1.3 30.9 9th 17.9 +1.2 12.7 19th 98.0 118.7 average 83%

Daily maximum temperatures for March 2016
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Badgerys Creek AWS30.633.534.531.433.032.333.031.535.531.930.834.131.333.127.327.928.228.924.824.922.425.528.030.126.229.028.126.423.627.326.7
Bankstown Airport AWS29.832.132.930.031.130.532.630.334.930.730.533.030.032.127.028.127.828.423.724.521.524.626.530.125.227.726.226.424.328.126.1
Camden Airport AWS30.033.533.931.432.731.433.131.435.232.230.034.230.532.827.827.627.229.523.924.023.324.827.829.324.928.726.826.123.827.527.2
Campbelltown (Mount Annan)30.233.734.231.332.531.933.331.435.631.430.034.231.033.428.428.326.926.624.024.922.925.328.029.924.729.426.926.724.527.626.8
Canterbury Racecourse AWS29.330.430.729.429.229.430.929.332.128.129.431.429.631.625.825.326.528.222.222.421.323.025.528.725.126.225.125.322.927.324.2
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS29.731.632.730.031.230.132.130.233.829.629.932.029.531.726.425.926.527.222.823.020.823.625.828.624.327.025.425.623.926.924.8
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS29.533.333.531.031.931.432.530.534.831.330.133.430.832.726.127.427.327.124.623.621.424.727.829.926.729.126.425.824.527.126.1
Parramatta North (Masons Drive)29.832.032.829.531.030.032.229.633.529.730.732.229.732.226.226.326.027.323.223.020.723.827.029.026.227.325.025.224.227.025.3
Penrith Lakes AWS31.134.535.432.134.033.234.132.035.633.231.134.132.834.026.128.328.230.125.425.122.926.327.930.626.830.026.927.523.627.927.5
Prospect Reservoir29.531.534.031.032.531.032.930.534.931.031.133.531.033.025.527.028.027.624.223.422.024.027.530.026.029.425.826.424.228.126.8
Richmond RAAF30.233.734.632.132.832.333.231.335.433.432.033.432.133.825.328.128.430.425.624.821.526.327.230.427.529.528.427.923.728.327.4
Springwood (Valley Heights)27.030.731.929.029.929.230.629.632.731.028.530.729.230.922.925.425.027.122.221.921.024.825.027.427.026.325.724.820.926.825.2
Sydney (Observatory Hill)28.228.828.728.327.627.928.328.129.330.627.828.727.730.725.626.226.128.224.422.021.223.825.327.425.226.024.226.023.328.725.6
Sydney Airport AMO30.230.631.030.430.029.930.429.831.725.329.530.929.629.923.924.027.029.121.621.020.321.325.029.425.426.325.524.422.027.823.0
Terrey Hills AWS26.828.829.427.128.028.329.527.830.929.828.229.828.329.622.424.325.327.021.720.019.621.623.927.025.525.123.225.421.926.322.9
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for March 2016
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Badgerys Creek AWS17.015.418.417.415.315.317.217.819.419.321.418.919.019.420.217.817.916.211.715.314.813.212.112.813.914.415.117.518.916.011.4
Bankstown Airport AWS18.617.420.019.016.816.518.519.320.420.622.819.419.420.619.518.618.418.013.816.515.513.913.114.216.015.715.919.118.617.412.7
Camden Airport AWS17.115.118.016.313.313.417.117.619.719.121.618.519.119.019.618.118.117.111.113.714.812.910.512.814.413.215.417.718.916.79.9
Campbelltown (Mount Annan)16.415.518.018.315.114.217.217.419.119.521.218.018.819.019.217.917.916.68.913.614.410.911.413.214.813.416.416.918.516.110.3
Canterbury Racecourse AWS18.216.819.118.916.816.217.818.720.319.719.320.119.319.519.318.317.013.116.415.314.013.713.415.814.915.517.919.917.413.5
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS18.017.119.619.915.916.218.518.719.919.321.818.219.319.418.917.717.717.710.414.314.712.612.312.815.914.917.318.018.316.012.6
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS17.516.418.819.416.716.618.218.019.820.421.619.318.819.619.817.817.817.010.615.514.814.414.013.715.216.016.317.918.916.812.4
Parramatta North (Masons Drive)18.017.519.718.616.816.318.218.019.620.722.219.018.820.020.018.217.817.312.316.114.814.012.012.015.714.615.817.218.317.712.3
Penrith Lakes AWS19.217.819.819.417.617.218.721.221.221.823.321.321.721.121.918.618.717.711.616.815.515.213.615.716.216.916.919.520.717.613.3
Prospect Reservoir17.917.019.219.617.016.518.517.020.020.722.219.419.020.020.018.017.517.011.716.314.715.414.214.015.414.916.517.518.517.112.9
Richmond RAAF17.715.817.917.815.014.316.619.421.122.719.720.019.921.318.218.717.39.715.614.914.810.913.613.714.114.218.120.416.910.5
Springwood (Valley Heights)17.716.618.018.316.215.517.119.419.020.820.815.419.018.619.416.516.616.411.213.613.212.812.814.914.816.316.017.011.015.213.2
Sydney (Observatory Hill)21.320.322.222.820.620.821.022.422.922.022.821.822.621.819.919.719.019.616.217.415.414.314.916.519.317.119.319.420.619.016.5
Sydney Airport AMO21.320.922.823.420.019.620.423.022.021.722.621.823.221.619.519.519.520.115.217.515.414.414.716.719.917.519.719.320.318.916.9
Terrey Hills AWS18.919.219.720.518.017.619.020.120.720.620.819.620.119.618.818.217.618.112.715.214.013.314.015.518.515.617.018.219.317.615.4
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for March 2016
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Abbotsbury (Fairfield (City Farm)) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3.0 8.0 - 1.0 - 2.0 - - - - - - - - 8.0 -
Abbotsford (Blackwall Point Rd) - - - - - - - - - 0.1 0.1 - - - 2.0 32.0 17.0 2.0 1.0 - 20.0 7.0 - - - - - - - 16.0
Audley (Royal National Park) 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7.0 10.0 42.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 16.0 6.0 - - - - - - - 3.0 -
Avalon Beach (Avalon (Palmgrove Rd)) 4.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41.2 51.0 - - - - 45.8 16.4 1.0







Badgerys Creek AWS - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 5.0 1.2 4.8 - 0.8 - 1.4 1.4 - - - - - 1.4 - 15.2 0.2
Bankstown Airport AWS 0.2 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.2 9.0 5.4 0.2 0.2 - 6.2 0.4 - - - - - - - 4.4 -
Baulkham Hills Eucalyptus Ct 1.0 1.5 - - - - - - - - - 1.5 0.5 - 1.5 8.0 9.5 - 2.0 - 15.0 0.5 - - - - - - 0.5 3.0 0.5
Belrose (Evelyn Place) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.0 18.6 16.0 3.0 4.0 0.4 55.6 13.8 0.4 - - - - 17.0 - 3.2
Berowra (Goodwyn Road) - - - - - - - - - - - 1.8 - - 0.6 18.6 1.6 6.4 - - 18.6









Box Hill (Hynds Road) 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 2.0 - - - 5.0 2.0 - - - - - - - - -
Camden Airport AWS - - - - - - - - 0.2 - 0.4 - - - 13.2 1.6 15.4 - 0.8 - 0.2 - - - - 0.2 - 0.2 - 5.2 -
Campbelltown (Kentlyn (Georges River Roa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7.0 3.0 22.0 - 1.0 - 1.0 1.0 - - - - - - - 5.0 -
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.4 3.2 13.4 0.2 1.4 - 0.2 0.2 - - - - - - - 8.2 -
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11.2 9.4 6.6 - 1.8 0.2 54.4 5.0 - - - - - 3.2 0.2 6.4 -
Castle Cove (Rosebridge Ave) - - - - - - - - 0.5 - - - - - 14.0 16.0 24.0 2.0 2.5 - 40.0 25.0 1.5 - - - - 6.0 - 4.0
Castle Hill (Kathleen Ave) - 1.4 - - - - - - - - - 5.8 - 2.6 4.2 6.1 3.9 - 3.0 - 16.0 0.4 - - - - - - - 3.0
Chatswood Bowling Club - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11.0 25.0 16.0 1.0 3.0 - 43.0 14.0 - - - - - 49.0 - 4.0 -
Collaroy (Long Reef Golf Club) - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - 35.0 26.6 3.4 - - 3.8 65.8 38.2 2.6 - - - - - - 2.4
Concord (Brays Rd) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 12.0 15.6 0.8 4.0 0.2 26.4 7.0 - - - - - 1.8 - 5.6
Concord Golf Club - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13.4 9.2 11.0 - 4.4











Frenchs Forest (Frenchs Forest Rd) - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - 8.0 22.0 20.0 4.0 4.0 - 63.0 18.0 1.0 - - - - 3.0 - 3.0 -
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.2 5.4 44.6 - 5.0 0.2 2.0 0.8 - - - - - - - 5.0 -
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 0.2 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 2.6 6.0 - 1.8 - 2.8 - 0.2 - - - - 0.4 0.2 5.0 -
Lucas Heights (ANSTO) 4.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.2 10.4 40.2 - 10.2 - 6.0 1.6 - - - 0.1 - - - 7.2 -
Marrickville Golf Club - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 18.0 11.0 10.0 - 2.0 - 52.0 10.0 - - - - - 8.0 - 6.0 -
Milperra Bridge (Georges River) 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 11.0 7.0 - - - 5.0 - - - - - - - - 5.0 -
Mona Vale Golf Club - - - - - 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 - 0.2 - - 1.4 1.8 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 - 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 -
Mount Annan Botanic Garden - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - 3.2 2.6 13.4 - 1.8 - 0.2 - - - - 0.2 - - - 6.8 -
North Parramatta (Burnside Homes) - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.5 - 7.0 7.0 7.0 - 2.0 - 20.5 1.0 - - - - - - - 3.5 -
North Rocks (Muirfield Golf Club) 0.5 - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - 6.0 4.5 10.5 0.5 2.0 - 22.5 1.0 - - - - - - 1.0 2.5 -
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - 6.2 6.6 6.2 - 2.0 - 19.2 1.2 - - - 0.2 - 0.2 - 3.8 -
Peakhurst Golf Club - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 10.0 32.0 - 1.0 - 15.0 3.0 - - - - - - - 4.0 -
Pennant Hills (Yarrara Road) 0.4 0.4 - - - - - - - - - 1.4 - - 5.4 15.2 10.6 - 3.0 - 15.4 7.4 - - 6.4 2.6 -
Penrith Lakes AWS - - - - - - - - - - - 1.4 - - 0.8 3.0 3.6 - 0.8 - 3.2 - - - - - - - - 3.8 0.2
Prospect Reservoir - 0.8 - - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - 0.2 7.2 9.4 - 4.0 - 4.7 - - - - - - - - 7.4 -
Randwick (Randwick St) 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24.8 20.6 7.4 0.1 1.8 0.6 95.4 41.0 11.0 - - 0.2 - 21.2 - 3.6 -
Richmond RAAF - 0.8 - - - - - - -
- 1.0 - - 0.4 2.8 0.6 - 0.4 - 2.8 0.2 - - - - - - - 3.6 0.2
Rose Bay (Royal Sydney Golf Club) 2.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26.0 14.8 16.6 - 7.0 1.4 57.8 26.0 7.1 - - - - 8.4 2.4

Rossmore (South Creek) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 1.0 7.0 - 3.0 - - - - - - - - - - 7.0 -
Sans Souci (Public School) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11.0 3.0 20.0 - 1.0 1.0 22.0 3.0 - - - - - - - - -
Seven Hills (Radio FM 103.2) - 0.5 - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - 6.5 8.0 0.5 1.5 - 6.0 1.5 - - - - - - - 3.0 -
Seven Hills (Collins St)














4.4 6.0


7.4 11.4






3.8
Springwood (Valley Heights) 0.2 1.4 - - - - - - - - 0.2 1.6 - 1.0 3.6 6.6 4.8 - 1.2 - 1.0 0.2 - - - 0.2 - 1.4 - 5.6 -
St Ives (Richmond Avenue) 1.2














7.6
5.2 40.6





21.4
3.0 -
Strathfield Golf Club - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 11.0 8.0 - 2.0 - 16.0 5.0 - - - - - - - 10.0 -
Sydney (Observatory Hill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16.8 23.0 13.6 3.4 4.8 0.2 61.2 25.4 1.6 - - - 0.2 34.8 - 7.0 1.2
Sydney Airport AMO - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28.6 13.0 9.4 - 1.0 - 40.8 18.8 1.8 - - - - 27.8 - 6.2 -
Sydney Botanic Gardens - 0.2 - - - - - - 0.8 - - - - - 21.4 21.8 17.8 5.0 5.2
83.4 26.6 1.8 - - 0.2 - 30.0 0.2

Terrey Hills AWS 1.0 0.2 - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 0.2 - 2.2 18.8 12.4 - 7.6 - 37.2 11.0 0.2 - - - - 4.2 - 2.8 -
Turramurra (Kissing Point Road)
0.8





0.6

1.0

3.8 21.0 10.0
3.0
29.6 11.6 0.4



25.2
3.2 -
Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in Sydney using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Friday 1 April 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

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