Northern Territory in November 2014: Hot days and warm nights across the Territory

The Northern Territory was particularly warm during November, with the area-averaged maximum temperature the fourth-highest since records commenced in 1910. Overnight temperatures were also warmer than average, with November minimum temperatures the third-warmest on record for the Territory as a whole. Around the middle of the month, Alice Springs recorded its highest daily November maximum temperature in 74 years, with large areas of the Territory's interior also reporting very-much-above-average daytime and overnight temperatures. Overall, mean temperatures (the average of the mean maximum and mean minimum) were the third-warmest since 1910.

Throughout the month, isolated thunderstorm activity across the Darwin-Daly district and more broadly in the northwest of the Northern Territory resulted in near-average rainfall being recorded. Near the end of the month, a number of stations had their highest daily rainfall on record. Broad areas of low pressure across the Top End in the last week of the month resulted in heavy showers and thunderstorms across the northern and central districts, with some localised heavy falls in the northwest.  

Darwin's monthly rainfall of 166.2 mm was just above the long-term average. The highest daily total for the month was 102.4 mm, recorded for the 24 hours to 9am on the 28th. Darwin's hottest day occurred on the 14th, with the temperature reaching 35.7 C. Overall, Darwin's mean monthly maximum temperature was about one degree above the long-term average, but the mean minimum temperature was close to average.

  • Area-averaged, the Northern Territory had its:
    • Fourth-highest maximum temperature
    • Third-highest minimum temperature
    • Third-highest mean temperature
  • Above-average rainfall in scattered parts of the northwest, interior and eastern border
  • Below-average rainfall across most of the Top End

Further information

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Extremes in November 2014
Hottest day 44.9 C at Alice Springs Airport on the 13th
Warmest days on average 40.5 C at Victoria River Downs
Coolest days on average 31.0 C at McCluer Island
Coldest day 22.0 C at Kulgera on the 15th
Coldest night 10.5 C at Kulgera on the 15th
Coolest nights on average 19.2 C at Alice Springs Airport
Warmest nights on average 27.0 C at McCluer Island
Warmest night 31.0 C at Tennant Creek Airport on the 20th
Warmest on average overall 33.4 C at Victoria River Downs
Coolest on average overall 27.1 C at Kulgera
Wettest overall 238.0 mm at The Chase
Wettest day 135.0 mm at Shoal Bay on the 26th
Strongest wind gust 98 km/h at Lajamanu Airport on the 30th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest November daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Gorrie 60.2 on the 26th 50.4 on the 11th in 2003 30
Gilnockie 74.6 on the 26th 72.0 on the 28th in 2008 27
Moolooloo 78.0 on the 25th 73.0 on the 20th in 1991 23
Shoal Bay 135.0 on the 26th 83.0 on the 24th in 2013 23



Record lowest November total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Bullita 13.0 16.0 in 1992 48 68.0
Middle Point Rangers 0.8 29.0 in 1989 46 124.4
McMinns Lagoon 61.2 67.0 in 1989 37 186.8
Elizabeth Valley 34.0 43.2 in 1989 28 156.7
Channel Point 12.6 34.8 in 2000 23 128.6

Lowest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
November
Humpty Doo Collard Road 70.1 63.2 in 1989* 24 172.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest November temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Alice Springs Airport 44.9 on the 13th 43.0 on the 17th in 2009 74 33.7
Mango Farm 41.5 on the 1st 41.3 on the 1st in 1993 35 36.3
Pirlangimpi Airport 38.6 on the 1st 36.6 on the 27th in 2012 33 33.4
Douglas River 41.5 on the 18th = 41.5 on the 3rd in 2001 24 36.8
Lajamanu Airport 44.0 on the 20th = 44.0 on the 12th in 2006 23 38.2



Record highest November mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Pirlangimpi Airport 35.8 35.1 in 2000 32 33.4
Territory Grape Farm 37.8 37.5 in 2006 22 35.5

Highest November mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
November
Jervois 38.6 39.4 in 1990 24 36.0
Victoria River Downs 40.5 40.7 in 1990 24 38.4



Record highest November mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Brunette Downs 25.6 = 25.6 in 2002 49 23.0
Jervois 22.7 22.2 in 2008 45 18.9

Highest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
November
Tennant Creek Airport 26.4 27.1 in 1990 24 23.8
Victoria River Downs 26.4 26.7 in 1990 24 24.5
Elliott 25.1 25.5 in 1991* 22 23.3
Territory Grape Farm 21.5 21.7 in 1987* 22 18.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record lowest November mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Gove Airport 22.1 = 22.1 in 1997 35 23.4



Record highest November mean temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Jervois 30.6 29.8 in 2012 45 27.4
Territory Grape Farm 29.6 29.3 in 1987 22 27.1

Highest November mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
November
Tennant Creek Airport 32.4 33.5 in 1990 24 30.1
Victoria River Downs 33.4 33.7 in 1990 24 31.5



Summary statistics for November 2014
Maximum temperatures
(C)
Minimum temperatures
(C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2014
Mean for
November
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2014
Total for
November
2014
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2014
Fraction of
November
average
Darwin-Daly (district 14GA)
Batchelor Airport 37.3 +1.9 39.9 23rd 24.3 +0.4 20.7 28th 100.6 135.8 low 74%
Black Point 33.2 0.0 34.1 27th     22.5 6th 0.6 63.5 v low 1%
Central Arnhem Plateau 35.9 +0.8 38.3 18th 23.4 0.0 20.3 1st 2.8 103.7 v low 3%
Charles Point 32.5   33.2 24th 26.2   22.6 6th 31.0
Croker Island Airport 34.8   36.9 23rd 24.5   20.9 1st
Darwin Airport 34.3 +1.0 35.7 14th 25.1 -0.2 21.5 6th 166.2 142.1 average 117%
Delamere Weapons Range 38.7 +1.2 41.4 21st 25.6 +0.9 21.5 6th 59.2 74.2 average 80%
Douglas River 38.2 +1.4 41.5 18th 23.9 +0.4 21.7 1st 102.8 117.9 average 87%
Dum In Mirrie Airstrip 33.5 +0.6 35.0 23rd 25.7 -0.3 22.0 2nd 63.6 127.5 low 50%
Jabiru Airport 37.9 +1.0 40.7 3rd 24.9 0.0 21.3 5th 124.8 143.3 average 87%
Katherine Country Club 38.4   41.4 21st 25.5   20.9 6th 93.2
Mango Farm 37.7 +1.4 41.5 1st 22.9 -0.5 21.5 1st 162.7 134.5 average 121%
McCluer Island 31.0 -1.2 32.6 22nd 27.0 -0.2 25.4 11th 0.8 29.8 low 3%
Middle Point 37.5 +1.3 40.1 3rd 23.1 -0.4 19.3 1st 115.6 124.2 average 93%
Murganella Airstrip 35.2   37.2 23rd 22.2   17.3 1st 0.4
Noonamah Airstrip 36.6   38.8 23rd 24.8   21.6 2nd 56.4
Oenpelli Airport 38.1   40.7 23rd 24.0   21.7 1st 78.6
Pirlangimpi Airport 35.8 +2.4 38.6 1st 23.7 -0.5 20.6 1st 177.4 188.8 average 94%
Point Fawcett 33.6 +0.6 35.1 23rd 24.2 -0.9 20.2 1st
Point Stuart 34.9   36.3 23rd 25.0   22.7 1st 74.0 84.1 average 88%
Port Keats Airport 34.9 +0.6 37.1 2nd 25.3 -0.1 21.6 10th 78.2 78.5 average 100%
Tindal RAAF 38.3 +1.1 41.4 1st 25.2 +0.2 20.4 6th 124.2 95.9 high 130%
Arnhem (district 14BC)
Cape Wessel 33.8   34.8 30th 25.6   24.3 1st 1.2 34.5 average 3%
Gove Airport 33.0 -0.1 34.2 22nd 22.1 -1.3 19.4 1st 0 45.9 lowest 0%
Groote Eylandt Airport 34.6 +0.3 36.7 23rd 23.3 -0.2 20.8 1st 25.2 123.6 v low 20%
Maningrida Airport 33.9 +0.2 35.6 23rd 24.4 -0.4 20.6 1st 0.4 46.7 v low 1%
Milingimbi Airport 33.6 -0.1 36.0 18th 25.0 -0.3 21.9 1st 6.2 67.5 v low 9%
Ngayawili 33.3 +0.1 35.1 22nd 23.6 -0.8 20.7 1st 4.2 70.6 low 6%
Warruwi Airport 33.5 -0.1 34.7 23rd 26.2 -0.2 23.0 1st 4.2 56.6 low 7%
Roper-Mcarthur (district 14DE)
Borroloola Airport 38.0 +0.8 41.8 17th 24.0 +0.2 20.3 7th 37.2 78.3 average 48%
Bulman 39.3 +0.7 41.5 23rd 24.4 +0.4 21.5 1st 26.4 54.0 low 49%
Centre Island 35.0 +0.4 37.2 20th 26.4 -0.4 24.1 29th 21.6 43.8 average 49%
Daly Waters Airstrip 39.8 +1.7 42.2 21st 23.7 0.0 19.1 12th 30.2 48.0 average 63%
McArthur River Mine Airport 39.7 +1.2 42.1 17th 25.5 +1.4 22.7 6th 5.4 58.3 v low 9%
Ngukurr Airport 40.3   41.9 23rd 25.0   23.0 13th 5.2
Wollogorang 38.5 +1.1 41.0 18th 23.4 +0.9 21.0 1st 61.3 67.3 average 91%
Victoria (district 14F)
Lajamanu Airport 39.4 +1.2 44.0 20th 24.6 +1.5 19.6 3rd 36.0 31.1 average 116%
Victoria River Downs 40.5 +2.1 43.0 20th 26.4 +1.9 23.3 26th 39.0 60.5 average 64%
Barkly (district 15A)
Brunette Downs 39.5 +1.6 43.5 20th 25.6 +2.6 22.0 22nd 50.9 30.1 high 169%
Elliott 39.3 +0.2 42.0 19th 25.1 +1.8 21.8 12th 32.1 48.7 average 66%
Tennant Creek Airport 38.5 +2.1 42.6 20th 26.4 +2.6 22.1 30th 20.2 40.6 average 50%
Alice Springs (district 15B)
Alice Springs Airport 36.0 +2.3 44.9 13th 19.2 +1.3 14.2 3rd 8.8 28.4 low 31%
Arltunga 35.8 +2.4 41.1 13th 20.0 +1.9 12.5 3rd 13.6 30.7 average 44%
Curtin Springs 37.0 +2.6 42.4 13th 20.7 +2.8 16.1 16th 2.5 23.6 low 11%
Jervois 38.6 +2.6 43.8 8th 22.7 +3.8 16.3 7th 1.6 23.8 low 7%
Kulgera 34.8 +1.5 42.2 13th 20.0 +1.7 10.5 15th 21.5 24.5 average 88%
Territory Grape Farm 37.8 +2.3 41.8 13th 21.5 +2.8 16.5 7th 4.0 30.9 v low 13%
Walungurru Airport 38.0 +0.5 42.7 12th 23.8 +0.6 18.5 2nd 32.6 19.6 average 166%
Watarrka 36.4 +1.5 42.3 13th 22.3 +2.5 17.2 2nd 22.9 47.7 average 48%
Yulara Airport 37.1 +2.2 43.0 13th 20.5 +2.2 16.2 16th 9.4 35.5 low 26%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Northern Territory using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 December 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries