Queensland in August 2013: 2nd hottest days on record

  • Records:
    • 2 daily maximum temperature records for high temperatures
  • Temperatures:
    • 2nd highest mean daily maximum temperatures on record for August for state
    • Near normal minimum temperatures for state
  • Rainfall:
    • 5th driest August on record
  • Extremes:
    • Hottest day was 37.5 C at Birdsville Airport on the 31st
    • Coldest night was -5.6 C at Oakey Aero on the 21st and Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 22nd

Rainfall

5th lowest August rainfall on record (12.7 mm, lowest since 2009). Most of the state saw no rainfall this month. While this is usual for the tropical north in August, it is less usual in the southern part of the state. 

The wettest overall was Whyanbeel Valley with 122.0 mm, followed by Mossman South Alchera Drive with 78.8 mm, followed by Daintree Village with 53.0 mm.

The wettest single day was at Whyanbeel Valley with 115.6 mm on the 24th, followed by Mossman South Alchera Drive with 74.0 mm on the 24th, followed by Daintree Village with 42.0 mm on the 24th.

The first significant rainfall event of the month came on the 17th and 18th as a high sat over the Coral Sea and another high was over the Red Centre and between them a trough pushed across the southern border of the state bringing over 5 mm of rainfall to the far southeast corner of the state.

On the 22nd and 23rd a strong ridge reached across most of the continent. While most of the country were seeing clear skies and rising temperatures, the stronger onshore flow brought rainfall to the tropical coast.

Temperature

Across the state, this month, the mean temperature (average of daily maximum and minimum) was 19.1 C (6th highest on record) which is 1.3 C warmer than normal for August and the warmest since 2009. This warm mean temperature was driven by warm maximum temperatures while minimum temperatures were near normal for the month (as explained in the sections below).

The warmest on average was Coconut Island with 27.3 C, followed by Horn Island with 26.3 C, followed by Weipa Aero with 25.5 C.

The coolest on average was Stanthorpe Leslie Parade with 9.7 C, followed by Applethorpe with 9.9 C, followed by Warwick with 11.7 C.

Maximum temperature

Persistent high pressure and fewer clouds than normal allowed for daytime maximums to rise higher than usual this month. The monthly mean maximum temperature across Queensland was 27.8 C, which is 2.6 C above average (25.1 C), the 2nd highest on record (record was in August 2009). Maximum temperatures across the state were above average, to very much above average. Maximums in the Channel Country and Maranoa and Warrego three to four degrees above average whereas in the Northern Districts the monthly mean daily maximum temperatures were only around one degree above average.

The hottest day was at Birdsville Airport with 37.5 C on the 31st, followed by Century Mine with 37.1 C on the 30th, followed by Urandangi Aerodrome with 37.0 C on the 31st.

The warmest days on average were at Century Mine with 33.1 C, followed by Kowanyama Airport with 33.0 C, followed by Weipa Aero with 32.8 C.

The coolest days on average were at Applethorpe with 17.4 C, followed by Stanthorpe Leslie Parade with 18.5 C, followed by Toowoomba Airport with 20.2 C.

The coldest day was at Applethorpe with 10.9 C on the 20th, followed by Applethorpe with 11.4 C on the 8th, followed by Stanthorpe Leslie Parade with 12.0 C on the 20th.

Some sites had their highest August mean daily maximum temperature on record.

Minimum temperature

In slight contrast to the maximum temperatures, minimum temperatures across Queensland in August were near normal. On average humidity levels were low this month. This would have allowed for hot days, but for most of that heat to radiate away at night allowing overnight minimums to drop. The mean minimum temperature across the state this month was 10.46 C which is only 0.03 C below the long-term mean (10.43 C) ranking 62 of 104 years of record. This near normal state-wide mean minimum temperature may not represent individual regions of the state. For example, the Channel Country saw minimum temperatures that were between one and three degrees above average, while across the Peninsula mean minimum temperatures that were between one and three degrees below normal for August.

The coldest night was at Oakey Aero with -5.6 C on the 21st, followed by Stanthorpe Leslie Parade with -5.6 C on the 22nd, followed by Stanthorpe Leslie Parade with -5.3 C on the 21st, followed by Oakey Aero with -5.0 C on the 22nd.

The coolest nights on average were at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade with 1.0 C, followed by Warwick with 2.4 C, followed by Applethorpe with 2.5 C, followed by Mitchell Post Office with 2.5 C.

The warmest nights on average were at Coconut Island with 23.8 C, followed by Horn Island with 23.1 C, followed by Willis Island with 22.5 C.

The warmest night was at Horn Island with 25.2 C on the 30th, followed by Coconut Island with 24.7 C on the 30th, followed by Coconut Island with 24.4 C on the 27th, followed by Coconut Island with 24.4 C on the 29th, followed by Horn Island with 24.4 C on the 29th.

Wind

The strongest wind gust was at Cape Moreton Lighthouse with 70 km/h on the 8th, followed by Cape Moreton Lighthouse with 69 km/h on the 15th, followed by Birdsville Airport with 69 km/h on the 31st, followed by Gold Coast Seaway with 67 km/h on the 15th.

Further information

Media
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Extremes in August 2013
Hottest day 37.5 C at Birdsville Airport on the 31st
Warmest days on average 33.1 C at Century Mine
Coolest days on average 17.4 C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 10.9 C at Applethorpe on the 20th
Coldest night -5.6 C at Oakey Aero on the 21st
-5.6 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 22nd
Coolest nights on average 1.0 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 23.8 C at Coconut Island
Warmest night 25.2 C at Horn Island on the 30th
Warmest on average overall 27.3 C at Coconut Island
Coolest on average overall 9.7 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Wettest overall 122.0 mm at Whyanbeel Valley
Wettest day 115.6 mm at Whyanbeel Valley on the 24th
Highest wind gust 70 km/h at Cape Moreton Lighthouse on the 8th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window



Record highest August mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for August 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for August
Years of
record
Average for
August
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 21.8 21.7 in 2009 100 19.7
Double Island Point Lighthouse 23.6 23.1 in 2009 71 20.6



Summary statistics for August 2013
Maximum temperatures
for August
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for August
(C)
Rainfall
for August
(millimetres)
Mean for
August
2013
Diff
from
average
Highest for
August
2013
Mean for
August
2013
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
August
2013
Total for
August
2013
Average
for
August
Rank of
August
2013
Fraction of
August
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 31.0 +1.3 32.7 18th 23.8 +0.2 22.3 9th 1.4 8.3 average 17%
Coen Airport 30.4 +0.6 33.1 21st 15.6 -1.5 11.2 11th 0.2 2.8 low 7%
Horn Island 29.4 +0.4 30.6 30th 23.1 +0.2 19.5 21st 0.4 5.2 low 8%
Scherger RAAF 32.5   34.7 21st 18.0   14.8 9th 28.0
Weipa Aero 32.8 +0.8 34.7 20th 18.2 -0.5 15.1 10th
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 28.3 +0.6 30.0 22nd 18.2 -1.0 12.7 9th 3.6 28.8 v low 13%
Palmerville 32.0 +0.8 35.0 20th 13.6 -0.9 8.8 10th 2.6 3.4 high 76%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 31.5 +1.1 36.3 19th 15.1 0.0 10.3 7th 0.6 0.5 high 120%
Century Mine 33.1 +2.4 37.1 30th 12.9 -0.4 7.2 5th 0 0.6 v low 0%
Cloncurry Airport 30.9 +2.1 35.7 16th 12.5 +0.4 8.1 6th 0 3.1 lowest 0%
Croydon Township 32.4 +1.2 35.6 19th 16.1 +0.4 10.4 8th 0 2.6 lowest 0%
Julia Creek Airport 32.0 +2.5 36.7 30th 9.3 -0.3 4.2 23rd 0 3.9 v low 0%
Kowanyama Airport 33.0 +0.8 35.1 19th 15.9 -0.3 11.8 9th 0.2 2.4 average 8%
Mornington Island 29.4 +1.7 32.6 30th 17.3 +0.1 11.9 9th 0.2 0.8 average 25%
Mount Isa Aero 30.2 +2.9 35.1 16th 9.2 -1.0 2.3 7th 0 3.6 lowest 0%
Normanton Airport 32.7 +1.2 36.3 20th 17.0 +0.3 12.8 10th 0 0.9 v low 0%
Sweers Island 27.5 +0.7 31.4 20th 19.6 +1.2 14.6 8th 1.1 1.9 high 58%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 31.7 +1.6 36.9 14th 12.6 -0.9 5.9 8th 0 2.6 v low 0%
Hughenden Airport 30.4 +2.5 34.6 18th 9.4 -0.9 2.0 22nd 0 9.2 v low 0%
Richmond Airport 31.2 +2.2 35.7 16th 9.6 -0.2 3.0 5th 0 5.5 v low 0%
Richmond Post Office 30.9 +2.4 35.0 15th 10.7 +0.6 3.4 5th 0 4.2 lowest 0%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 27.9 +1.3 29.2 31st 16.2 -1.2 11.0 9th 3.2 26.6 v low 12%
Cairns Racecourse 27.4   28.7 21st 14.9   10.6 9th 6.4
Cape Flattery 27.9 +0.6 29.0 31st 21.3 +0.3 13.7 9th 1.8 18.1 v low 10%
Cooktown Airport 28.0 +1.0 29.2 17th 17.5 -0.7 10.5 9th 3.0 16.6 low 18%
Low Isles Lighthouse 26.9 +0.2 29.7 21st 21.2 +0.5 18.3 9th 19.6 37.1 average 53%
Mareeba Airport 27.1 +1.0 31.2 20th 12.8 -0.9 9.4 7th 0.6 9.2 low 7%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cape Ferguson NTC AWS 23.2   26.8 20th 18.4   14.5 9th
Cardwell Marine Pde 25.8 -0.1 27.5 16th 15.1 +0.8 10.6 9th 6.0 29.2 low 21%
Ingham Composite 27.5 +1.4 32.1 20th 13.6 -0.8 10.0 9th 7.4 37.9 low 20%
Innisfail 26.0 +0.9 27.2 17th 15.9 +0.4 11.6 9th 30.4 116.6 low 26%
Lucinda Point 24.2 +0.3 27.6 17th 18.8 -0.1 16.4 9th 15.2 26.3 average 58%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 26.4 +1.2 28.6 20th 14.6 -0.9 9.7 9th 14.2 87.0 v low 16%
Townsville Aero 27.2 +1.2 32.8 20th 14.1 -0.6 8.7 9th 0.2 15.7 low 1%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 25.5 +0.5 31.0 20th 15.4 +0.1 11.1 10th 0.2 14.1 low 1%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 27.8 +1.7 33.7 20th 13.0 +0.3 8.7 10th 0.2 15.4 low 1%
Bowen Airport 26.3 +0.9 28.4 20th 12.6 -1.6 6.4 10th 0 22.2 lowest 0%
Collinsville Post Office 28.9 +2.0 32.3 18th 10.3 -0.3 4.8 10th 0 17.5 lowest 0%
Hamilton Island Airport 23.7 +1.0 26.7 20th 18.7 +0.5 17.1 7th 2.0 18.1 v low 11%
Mackay Aero 25.3 +1.7 27.9 8th 11.5 -0.4 7.5 10th 1.2 34.5 low 3%
Mackay M.O 24.4 +1.9 27.4 14th 14.0 0.0 10.9 10th 1.6 30.4 low 5%
Proserpine Airport 27.2 +1.6 31.3 20th 9.8 -1.9 4.5 10th 0.2 25.9 low 1%
Rosslyn Bay NTC AWS 22.2   26.9 8th 15.6   11.5 9th
Samuel Hill Aero 25.1 +1.4 28.1 12th 9.0 -0.1 3.2 22nd 1.8 41.5 v low 4%
St Lawrence 26.1 +1.3 29.7 15th 10.6 -0.5 3.8 22nd 0.6 29.4 low 2%
Williamson 26.0   28.7 8th 9.0   1.6 22nd 0.2 28.0 v low 1%
Woolshed 25.2 +2.0 30.3 20th 12.3 0.0 6.3 8th 1.8 14.0 average 13%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 23.2 +1.1 27.1 8th 12.2 -0.4 5.3 22nd 1.2 36.7 low 3%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 28.8 +2.2 32.7 19th 12.2 -0.1 7.2 5th 0 17.9 lowest 0%
Moranbah Airport 28.3   32.4 19th 7.2   1.9 10th 0
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 27.9   31.4 19th 8.5   2.7 10th 0
Clermont Airport 27.7   32.6 19th 5.7   -1.3 10th 0
Emerald Airport 27.5 +2.2 31.4 14th 9.2 -0.8 5.0 8th 0 22.2 lowest 0%
Lochington 27.9   32.6 14th 6.1   0.9 10th 0
Rolleston Airport 27.5   31.2 13th 5.9   -0.3 22nd 0
Springsure Comet St 26.7 +2.7 30.7 14th 8.1 +0.6 2.0 22nd 0 24.0 lowest 0%
Tambo Post Office 26.8 +3.3 31.0 31st 4.5 -0.6 -1.9 22nd 0 18.5 lowest 0%
Taroom Post Office 27.4 +4.4 31.6 14th 6.5 0.0 -1.6 22nd 3.0 28.0 low 11%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 28.0 +3.1 32.7 13th 10.2 +0.8 3.9 22nd 0 15.7 lowest 0%
Blackall Airport 27.9 +2.7 33.2 17th 6.4 -1.2 -1.3 22nd 0 12.5 v low 0%
Isisford Post Office 28.5 +3.3 33.2 30th 7.6 -0.4 2.1 22nd 0 12.0 lowest 0%
Longreach Aero 28.9 +2.9 34.4 16th 8.2 -0.3 2.4 10th 0 10.9 lowest 0%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 31.4 +3.0 36.2 31st 11.9 +1.0 6.0 5th 0 2.8 lowest 0%
The Monument Airport 29.3 +2.4 35.5 16th 10.2 +1.3 3.7 4th 0 2.1 v low 0%
Trepell Airport 29.8 +2.5 36.3 16th 11.1 +1.7 6.8 4th 0 2.9 v low 0%
Urandangi Aerodrome 30.1   37.0 31st 8.4   3.1 5th 0
Winton Airport 30.2 +2.6 35.9 16th 10.2 +0.6 4.0 23rd 0 8.3 v low 0%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 27.5 +2.9 37.5 31st 9.8 +1.1 4.1 21st 0 3.8 v low 0%
Boulia Airport     28.0 1st 11.7 +2.2 5.5 6th 0 6.2 lowest 0%
Windorah Post Office 27.7 +3.6 35.0 31st 9.6 +1.5 4.0 21st 0 9.6 lowest 0%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 25.6 +2.3 28.1 8th 9.7 -1.2 3.3 22nd 0.8 34.3 v low 2%
Gayndah Airport 26.7 +2.2 30.7 14th 6.9 -0.7 0.8 23rd 1.2 26.3 low 5%
Gladstone Airport 25.6 +1.9 29.0 15th 12.1 -0.5 6.0 22nd 0 34.4 lowest 0%
Gladstone Radar 26.4 +2.3 29.0 15th 14.9 +0.6 10.3 23rd 0 32.0 lowest 0%
Lady Elliot Island 23.6 +1.7 25.8 14th 17.7 +0.5 8.4 22nd 0 57.8 lowest 0%
Monto Township 25.7 +2.7 29.4 31st 5.4 -1.1 -1.3 22nd 0 24.8 lowest 0%
Rockhampton Aero 27.0 +2.2 29.9 15th 11.0 +0.3 4.8 22nd 0.4 28.1 low 1%
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 23.7 +1.4 27.0 24th 16.6 +1.6 9.8 21st 7.8 63.0 v low 12%
Seventeen Seventy 23.7 +1.7 26.5 21st 15.4 +0.9 10.5 9th 0 45.1 lowest 0%
Thangool Airport 26.5 +1.6 29.2 31st 5.3 -1.1 -0.3 23rd 0.2 23.2 low 1%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 25.2 +2.5 29.6 31st 5.3 -0.9 -1.4 21st 6.4 28.8 low 22%
Archerfield Airport 24.9 +2.4 28.7 12th 8.4 +0.4 3.0 22nd 4.4 37.2 v low 12%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 24.5   28.9 31st 5.7   -1.2 21st 4.4
Beerburrum Forest Station 25.4 +2.3 32.7 30th 9.5 +0.2 3.4 23rd 0.2 44.7 v low 0%
Brisbane 24.8 +1.7 28.5 28th 10.8 +0.3 6.0 23rd 0.2 38.4 v low 1%
Brisbane Aero 23.3 +1.5 26.2 13th 9.8 +0.2 4.1 21st 0 38.5 lowest 0%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 21.8 +2.1 24.1 15th 15.5 +1.6 10.0 21st 0 76.0 lowest 0%
Coolangatta 23.4 +2.1 26.3 27th 9.7 -0.7 2.7 23rd 2.8 55.7 low 5%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 23.6 +3.0 27.4 31st 15.8 +1.2 10.3 21st 0 62.6 lowest 0%
Gold Coast Seaway 23.9 +2.1 26.5 31st 12.5 +0.1 5.6 21st 1.8 57.1 low 3%
Gympie 25.2 +1.9 29.7 13th 6.8 -0.2 -0.3 22nd 1.2 40.2 v low 3%
Hervey Bay Airport 24.1 +1.6 27.4 15th 9.7 -0.8 2.2 22nd 0.4 55.0 v low 1%
Jimna Forestry 21.3 +1.5 26.5 31st 5.4 -0.2 -1.9 23rd 1.4 35.2 v low 4%
Kingaroy Airport 23.3 +1.9 28.1 31st 3.1 -1.0 -4.4 22nd 4.4 28.7 low 15%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 24.6 +2.1 28.1 28th 9.8 +0.6 4.3 22nd 1.6 44.8 v low 4%
Maleny Tamarind St 22.1 +1.9 26.2 13th 10.8 +1.0 4.6 21st 0 62.9 lowest 0%
Maryborough 25.5 +2.1 29.2 13th 9.0 -0.3 1.3 22nd 0.4 40.6 v low 1%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 24.7   28.7 13th 10.4   4.8 23rd 0.4
Rainbow Beach 23.8 +1.7 27.6 13th       0 86.9 lowest 0%
Redcliffe 23.2 +1.3 26.4 12th 11.5 +0.2 6.3 22nd 0 37.6 v low 0%
Sunshine Coast Airport 24.3 +2.5 28.6 28th 9.1 -0.7 1.9 22nd 1.4 72.6 v low 2%
Tewantin RSL Park 24.0 +1.9 27.9 13th 11.6 +0.1 6.0 21st 1.0 85.2 v low 1%
Toolara (Kelly) 24.6 +1.1 28.3 13th 12.5 +0.4 7.1 22nd 0.4 70.2 v low 1%
University of Queensland Gatton 25.0 +2.6 30.0 12th 6.4 -0.3 1.4 4th 3.8 26.7 low 14%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 17.4 +1.9 23.3 31st 2.5 -0.3 -4.3 22nd 3.2 40.9 v low 8%
Dalby Airport 23.5 +1.8 29.2 31st 3.9 -0.9 -4.2 21st 2.8 23.5 low 12%
Goondiwindi Airport 23.3 +1.9 30.6 12th 5.4 -0.2 -1.4 22nd 4.8 29.5 low 16%
Oakey Aero 22.9 +2.6 28.5 31st 2.7 -0.9 -5.6 21st 9.0 26.1 average 34%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 18.5 +2.2 24.2 31st 1.0 -1.0 -5.6 22nd 5.4 42.3 low 13%
Texas Post Office 22.1 +1.3 28.1 12th 4.1 -0.4 -2.8 21st 5.4 33.4 low 16%
Toowoomba Airport 20.2 +1.7 26.2 31st 8.2 +0.7 -0.1 21st 4.8 32.6 low 15%
Warwick 21.0 +1.1 26.2 31st 2.4 -0.8 -4.5 21st 5.0 23.0 average 22%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 25.0 +2.5 31.2 31st 4.1 -1.2 -3.4 22nd 0 33.6 v low 0%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 26.1 +3.8 31.4 14th 3.9 -0.5 -2.2 22nd 6.2 25.2 low 25%
Mitchell Post Office 25.6 +3.9 32.5 30th 2.5 -1.4 -3.1 22nd 0 23.3 lowest 0%
Roma Airport 25.7 +3.3 33.3 31st 2.8 -2.1 -4.1 21st 0 22.7 lowest 0%
St George Airport 24.4 +2.3 31.2 30th 5.7 -0.5 -1.0 21st 2.0 19.3 low 10%
Surat 24.6 +2.9 31.2 31st 4.5 -1.1 -2.8 22nd 0 27.1 lowest 0%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 25.1 +3.7 32.0 31st 5.3 -0.3 -1.5 21st 1.2 21.8 low 6%
Charleville Aero 25.5 +3.6 32.2 31st 5.4 -0.5 -1.3 22nd 0 19.2 lowest 0%
Cunnamulla Post Office 25.0 +3.6 31.5 29th 7.8 +0.7 2.5 21st 0 17.0 lowest 0%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 25.8 +2.3 33.8 31st     2.8 21st 0 5.6 v low 0%
Quilpie Airport 25.9 +3.3 32.6 29th 7.3 -0.4 2.1 21st 0 12.5 lowest 0%
Thargomindah Airport 25.1 +2.2 33.2 29th 7.5 -0.8 2.6 22nd 0 7.5 v low 0%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Middle Percy Island 22.7 +1.3 24.8 12th 17.1 +0.6 14.3 22nd 2.2 28.5 low 8%
Willis Island 26.6 +0.3 27.5 15th 22.5 +0.6 21.1 1st 5.2 23.3 low 22%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 2 September 2013. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 9 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries