Queensland in October 2013: Hot and dry conditions continue

  • Statewide (area-averaged) for October -
    • Maximum temperature was the 2nd highest on record
    • Mean temperature was the 3rd highest on record
    • Minimum temperature was the 10th highest on record
    • Rainfall was the 17th lowest on record
  • Hottest day was at Birdsville with 43.6 C on the 21st
  • Warmest on average was Century Mine with 40.0 C (average maximum temperature)
  • Coldest night was at Stanthorpe with 0.0 C on the 4th
  • Coolest on average was at Stanthorpe and Applethorpe with 9.4 C (average minimum temperature)


Rainfall

Statewide, the area-averaged rainfall was ranked the 17th lowest on record, based on figures since 1900. The October area-averaged rainfall figure of 8.46 mm is nearly one-third of the long term average of 25.6 mm - well below average.

Some isolated thunderstorms across the northwest at the end of the month, along with some coastal showers across the far north tropical coast on the 22nd, resulted in these areas receiving close to average falls for the month. Despite these isolated rainfall events, the remainder of the state was below average.

The wettest overall was Mt Sophia with 92.0 mm with much of the monthly total falling in one day. Mt Sophia also had the highest daily total for October, with 76.0 mm on the 23rd.

Many sites had their lowest total October rainfall on record

Temperature

Statewide, the area-averaged mean temperature was the 3rd highest on record for October, based on figures since 1910. The October mean temperature was 1.74 C above the long term average of 24.66 C.

The warmest on average was Croydon Township with 32.0 C and the coolest on average was Applethorpe with 17.0 C.

Croydon Township, Richmond Post Office, Logan City and Cloncurry Airport had their highest October mean temperature on record

Maximum temperature

Statewide, the area-averaged maximum temperature was the 2nd highest on record, based on figures since 1910.  The October mean maximum temperature was 2.38 C above the long term mean of 31.99 C.

The hottest day was at Birdsville Airport with 43.6 C on the 21st and the warmest days on average were at Century Mine with 40.0 C Logan City had its highest October temperature on record.

Ten stations had their highest October mean daily maximum temperature on record

Minimum temperature

Statewide, the area-averaged minimum temperature was the 10th highest on record, based on figures since 1910. The October mean minimum temperature was 1.12 C above the long term average of 17.33 C.

The coldest night was at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade with 0.0 C on the 4th and the coolest nights on average were at  both Applethorpe and Stanthorpe with 9.4 C.

Croydon Township had its warmest October night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record. Richmond Post Office, Croydon Township and Logan City had their highest October mean daily minimum temperature on record

Wind

The strongest wind gust was at Oakey Aero with 124 km/h on the 18th, due to severe thunderstorms passing through the southeast.

Further information

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Enquiries

Extremes in October 2013
Hottest day 43.6 C at Birdsville Airport on the 21st
Warmest days on average 40.0 C at Century Mine
Coolest days on average 24.7 C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 18.0 C at Applethorpe and at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Coldest night 0.0 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 4th
Coolest nights on average 9.4 C at Applethorpe and at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 26.2 C at Sweers Island
Warmest night 29.0 C at Croydon Township on the 20th
Warmest on average overall 32.0 C at Croydon Township
Coolest on average overall 17.0 C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 92.0 mm at Mt Sophia
Wettest day76.0 mm at Mt Sophia on the 23rd
Highest wind gust 124 km/h at Oakey Aero on the 18th

Maps

ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest total October rainfall

Total rainfall
for October 2013 (mm)
Previous driest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Windorah Post Office 0.0 = 0.0 in 2004 126 17.5
Camooweal Township 0.0 = 0.0 in 2006 122 14.0
Moreton Telegraph Station 0.0 = 0.0 in 1999 104 17.1
Quilpie Airport 0.0 = 0.0 in 2004 96 21.6
Mount Isa Mine 0.0 = 0.0 in 2009 82 18.9
Riverslea
0.0 = 0.0 in 1963 75 39.1
Fort Constantine Station 0.0 = 0.0 in 2008 55 15.6
Carfax 0.0 = 0.0 in 2002 52 35.4
Mount Isa Aero 0.0 = 0.0 in 2006 47 18.8
Greenslopes Private Hospital 3.0 4.5 in 1992 37 81.4
Boodjamulla - Lawn Hill NP 0.0 = 0.0 in 2009 28 25.1
Bowen Airport 0.0 = 0.0 in 2002 26 12.5
McAllister Station 0.0 = 0.0 in 2012 24 13.9
Rainbow Beach 4.2 17.3 in 1992 22 76.7
Brisbane Aero 8.8 9.0* in 2006 20 75.4
Gold Coast Seaway 13.2 13.4 in 1998 20 96.0
* The previous Brisbane Airport station still maintains the long term record, with the lowest rainfall for October of 4.0 mm in 1992 (this station is no longer open).

Record highest October temperature

Highest temperature
in October 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 37.7 on the 7th 37.1 on the 23rd in 2004 22 26.3



Record highest October mean daily maximum temperature

Mean daily maximum
temperature
for October 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Brisbane 28.8
28.7
in 1918**
99
26.1
Double Island Point Lighthouse 27.4 27.2 in 2004 70 24.5
Gladstone Radar 30.6 = 30.6 in 1988 55 28.4
Mount Isa Aero 38.2 37.6 in 1988 46 34.6
Bundaberg Aero 29.3 28.3 in 2005 35 26.9
Coolangatta 26.6 = 26.6 in 2009 25 24.3
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 29.2 28.2 in 2005 21 26.3
Rainbow Beach 27.0 26.8 in 2005 21 25.4
Roma Airport 32.4 32.3 in 2002 21 29.5
Cloncurry Airport 38.9 38.5 in 2004 20 36.2
  **note: the previous record is from the closed station, Brisbane Regional Office



Record highest October daily minimum temperature

Highest daily minimum
temperature
in October 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Croydon Township 29.0 on the 20th 28.5 on the 27th in 1972 49 22.4



Record highest October mean daily minimum temperature

Mean daily minimum
temperature
for October 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Richmond Post Office 22.1 21.6 in 2005 119 18.0
Croydon Township 25.2 24.9 in 1998 86 22.4
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 16.0 15.8 in 2004 21 14.9



Record highest October mean temperature

Mean daily
temperature
for October 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for October
Years of
record
Average for
October
Richmond Post Office 30.2 29.7 in 2005 119 26.9
Croydon Township 32.0 31.8 in 1998 85 29.6
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 22.3 22.0 in 2005 21 20.6
Cloncurry Airport 30.5 = 30.5 in 2008 20 28.2



Summary statistics for October 2013

Maximum temperatures
for October
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for October
(C)
Rainfall
for October
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2013
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2013
Mean for
October
2013
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2013
Total for
October
2013
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2013
Fraction of
October
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 33.1 +1.2 34.3 30th 25.1 +0.4 24.1 25th 3.2 13.6 average 24%
Coen Airport 33.8 +0.4 38.8 8th 20.8 -0.1 13.9 9th 1.2 9.9 average 12%
Horn Island 31.5 +0.5 32.6 31st 25.2 +0.4 22.3 9th 2.0 16.1 average 12%
Scherger RAAF 36.6   39.5 14th 21.6   19.2 11th 14.2


Weipa Aero 36.4 +0.8 38.8 9th 21.8 -0.1 19.1 10th 8.4 23.7 average 35%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 31.0 +0.6 32.5 14th 23.2 +1.3 17.2 9th 1.0 28.6 v low 3%
Palmerville 36.4 +0.9 40.1 8th 19.5 +0.5 15.5 9th 40.8 19.9 high 205%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 36.7 +1.0 41.2 31st 22.8 +0.9 16.1 5th 7.4 7.7 high 96%
Century Mine 40.0 +2.1 41.9 9th 22.4 +1.3 17.7 10th 0 11.4 v low 0%
Cloncurry Airport 38.9 +2.7 41.5 12th 22.0 +1.8 14.9 10th 0.4 20.2 low 2%
Croydon Township 38.6 +1.7 41.6 31st 25.2 +2.8 18.6 4th 2.8 13.8 average 20%
Julia Creek Airport 39.8 +2.6 42.1 8th 20.7 +2.5 14.6 9th 6.4 11.7 average 55%
Kowanyama Airport 37.5 +1.3 40.2 9th 22.7 +0.8 19.9 21st 4.4 16.8 average 26%
Lake Julius AWS 39.0   42.0 12th 23.6   17.9 10th 0.2


Mount Isa Aero 38.2 +3.6 40.9 13th 19.2 +0.7 10.3 10th 0 18.8 lowest 0%
Normanton Airport 38.0 +1.3 42.3 31st 24.9 +1.6 21.0 4th 0 7.2 v low 0%
Sweers Island 32.7 +0.6 37.9 31st 26.2 +1.3 24.5 5th 0.5 8.1 average 6%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 37.6 +1.8 40.1 31st 21.7 +1.4 16.5 4th 0 12.0 v low 0%
Hughenden Airport 37.6 +2.5 40.8 24th 20.6 +2.1 10.7 4th 0.2 14.0 low 1%
Richmond Airport 38.7 +2.2 40.7 8th 21.2 +2.5 13.1 9th 0 10.6 v low 0%
Richmond Post Office 38.3 +2.5 40.5 12th 22.1 +4.1 16.1 4th 0.2 16.1 low 1%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 30.6 +1.1 32.0 26th 21.1 +0.5 15.5 9th 44.2 46.5 average 95%
Cairns Racecourse 30.4   33.2 8th 20.1   15.5 9th 45.4


Cape Flattery 30.8 +0.5 32.1 14th 23.5 +0.5 18.4 9th 6.8 20.8 low 33%
Cooktown Airport 30.9 +0.5 31.9 16th 22.6 0.0 17.0 8th 8.8 23.5 low 37%
Low Isles Lighthouse 30.8 +0.4 33.1 30th 23.8 +0.6 21.9 28th 22.0 45.3 average 49%
Mareeba Airport 31.1 +0.5 36.9 8th 17.5 0.0 13.2 8th 25.0 13.3 high 188%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cape Ferguson NTC AWS 26.3   28.1 8th 23.5   20.1 7th



Cardwell Marine Pde 28.5 -0.8 30.2 19th 21.1 +2.2 15.8 12th 19.4 54.3 average 36%
Ingham Composite 31.0 +0.6 34.6 8th 18.5 0.0 14.5 12th 14.6 51.8 low 28%
Innisfail 28.7 +0.3 30.3 14th 20.2 +1.2 16.5 8th 40.7 87.9 average 46%
Lucinda Point 27.0 -0.2 27.9 27th 23.4 +0.5 20.9 7th 3.6 25.2 low 14%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 29.6 +0.6 32.1 8th 19.2 +0.4 15.0 8th 24.4 96.2 low 25%
Townsville Aero 30.2 +0.8 33.0 8th 21.8 +1.1 17.2 8th 8.6 24.2 average 36%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 28.7 0.0 29.7 26th 22.9 +1.1 18.2 8th 0.2 23.6 v low 1%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 30.7 +0.9 36.1 8th 19.0 +1.0 16.0 6th 0.8 26.3 low 3%
Bowen Airport 29.7 +0.5 33.4 8th 20.3 +0.5 14.6 7th 0 12.5 lowest 0%
Collinsville Post Office 33.8 +1.6 37.7 8th 18.3 +1.0 14.3 7th 6.8 21.1 average 32%
Hamilton Island Airport 28.1 +0.8 30.3 8th 22.5 +0.5 19.8 7th 2.4 23.2 low 10%
Mackay Aero 29.5 +1.3 32.3 8th 18.1 -0.1 13.1 7th 19.2 34.6 average 55%
Mackay M.O 29.6 +2.1 31.9 13th 20.2 +0.5 15.6 6th 6.8 35.2 low 19%
Proserpine Airport 31.7 +1.5 37.8 8th 16.6 -0.9 11.1 7th 13.6 36.2 average 38%
Rosslyn Bay NTC AWS 25.5   27.1 25th 21.7   17.7 6th



Samuel Hill Aero 29.2 +1.2 32.5 24th 14.3 -0.9 9.6 6th 11.0 55.9 low 20%
St Lawrence 30.1 +1.2 37.7 8th 17.9 +0.2 12.6 7th 7.8 30.2 low 26%
Williamson 29.9   35.6 8th 17.8   11.7 6th 5.2 32.5 low 16%
Woolshed 28.1 +0.8 33.3 8th 18.2 +0.7 12.7 8th 14.6 21.7 average 67%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 26.8 +0.7 29.4 14th 20.0 +1.0 14.4 6th 2.2 48.2 v low 5%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 34.0 +1.3 38.1 8th 18.5 +0.4 15.1 12th 21.8 17.7 high 123%
Moranbah Airport 34.6   39.4 30th 15.9   11.1 6th 12.4


Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 33.8   37.7 7th 17.3   12.3 6th 0.4


Clermont Airport 34.0   37.5 30th 16.3   7.2 5th 0.2


Emerald Airport 33.9 +2.3 37.5 7th 17.1 +0.1 11.9 5th 3.6 38.0 v low 9%
Lochington 34.0   38.1 7th 16.6   8.1 15th 2.6


Rolleston Airport 33.6   37.8 7th 14.9   7.1 5th 8.6


Springsure Comet St 32.5 +1.9 36.1 7th 16.3 +1.1 9.2 5th 13.0 47.1 low 28%
Tambo Post Office 34.0 +3.1 37.5 12th 15.5 +1.8 6.2 5th 2.8 34.4 low 8%
Taroom Post Office 33.3 +3.4 39.0 7th 15.4 +0.8 5.9 5th 34.4 54.7 average 63%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 35.5 +3.3 37.9 7th 20.0 +2.6 13.6 15th 12.6 28.8 average 44%
Blackall Airport 35.4 +2.5 38.5 7th 18.2 +1.9 10.9 5th 3.4 24.5 low 14%
Isisford Post Office 36.2 +3.1 40.0 12th 19.1 +2.5 10.4 15th 3.6 27.1 low 13%
Longreach Aero 36.8 +2.9 41.1 13th 19.3 +2.4 10.9 15th 7.2 23.6 low 31%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 38.5 +2.7 41.8 8th 20.5 +1.0 12.8 5th 0 14.0 lowest 0%
New May Downs 37.4   40.2 12th 21.2   14.2 10th 0


The Monument Airport 37.1 +2.0 41.3 13th 18.3 +0.1 11.8 5th 0 11.2 v low 0%
Trepell Airport 37.8 +2.4 42.1 13th 19.3 +0.8 12.0 4th 0 13.4 v low 0%
Urandangi Aerodrome 37.7   42.3 10th 16.9   9.4 5th 0


Winton Airport 38.4 +2.4 42.0 13th 21.3 +3.1 14.9 3rd 0 7.4 v low 0%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 34.0 +1.1 43.6 21st 16.0 -1.0 9.8 4th 0 10.6 v low 0%
Boulia Airport     39.0 17th 18.7 +0.8 13.4 4th 0.1 14.6 low 1%
Windorah Post Office 35.5 +2.9 40.6 28th 17.5 +1.0 10.9 5th 0 17.5 lowest 0%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 29.3 +2.4 32.1 8th 16.8 +0.3 11.0 5th 37.4 69.9 average 54%
Gayndah Airport 32.7 +2.7 38.0 7th 14.9 +0.1 7.4 4th 28.4 69.9 low 41%
Gladstone Airport 29.0 +1.6 33.3 7th 18.9 +0.4 14.5 6th 14.6 55.0 low 27%
Gladstone Radar 30.6 +2.2 33.7 24th 19.6 +0.9 16.3 4th 9.6 58.9 v low 16%
Lady Elliot Island 27.2 +1.7 28.7 24th 21.5 +1.2 19.1 6th 6.8 56.7 low 12%
Monto Township 31.6 +2.6 35.8 7th 13.8 +0.5 5.0 15th 35.2 55.3 average 64%
Rockhampton Aero 31.5 +1.9 36.2 8th 18.2 +1.2 14.0 6th 27.0 49.4 average 55%
Rundle Island 25.4 +0.6 27.4 23rd 21.9 +0.8 19.1 4th



Sandy Cape Lighthouse 26.9 +0.8 28.7 30th 19.6 +0.9 14.8 4th 54.7 59.7 average 92%
Seventeen Seventy 27.4 +1.6 28.5 28th 20.3 +1.1 15.8 6th 23.6 56.9 low 41%
Thangool Airport 32.4 +2.2 36.3 7th 12.9 -0.5 7.0 5th 16.0 56.5 low 28%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 30.9 +3.2 37.8 7th 12.7 -0.6 4.7 4th 18.2 74.2 v low 25%
Archerfield Airport 29.7 +2.8 36.6 7th 15.2 +0.9 9.7 4th 18.8 78.1 v low 24%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 29.6   36.0 7th 12.7   6.4 5th 19.4


Beerburrum Forest Station 29.5 +2.0 37.3 7th 14.7 +0.1 8.3 4th 31.2 87.9 low 35%
Brisbane 28.8 +1.9 34.7 7th 17.0 +0.8 12.7 5th 22.6 77.2 low 29%
Brisbane Aero 26.8 +1.4 32.2 3rd 16.5 +0.9 11.4 5th 8.8 75.4 lowest 12%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 25.1 +2.1 27.1 14th 19.3 +1.4 15.2 4th



Coolangatta 26.6 +2.3 34.8 7th 16.6 +0.7 10.6 4th 21.0 92.7 low 23%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 27.4 +2.9 30.8 7th 19.5 +1.0 16.5 5th 17.0 70.2 low 24%
Gold Coast Seaway 27.2 +2.0 35.6 7th 17.7 +0.9 13.6 9th 13.2 96.0 lowest 14%
Gympie 30.0 +1.7 35.8 7th 14.1 +0.3 7.2 4th 20.6 71.5 low 29%
Hervey Bay Airport 27.9 +1.5 30.9 14th 17.1 +0.1 10.9 10th 7.0 69.0 v low 10%
Jimna Forestry 27.2 +1.9 33.3 7th 11.7 -0.2 3.9 15th 53.6 76.8 low 70%
Kingaroy Airport 29.1 +1.8 34.2 7th 11.6 0.0 3.8 5th 28.4 53.6 average 53%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 29.2 +2.9 37.7 7th 16.0 +1.1 10.9 5th 18.3 60.1 v low 30%
Maleny Tamarind St 26.3 +2.1 34.2 7th 15.2 +0.9 10.0 5th 42.2 109.0 low 39%
Maryborough 29.5 +1.8 32.9 8th 15.2 -0.2 8.7 4th 31.8 73.7 average 43%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 28.7   36.5 7th 16.3   11.0 5th 39.8


Rainbow Beach 27.0 +1.6 30.9 24th      
4.2 76.7 lowest 5%
Redcliffe 26.8 +1.4 32.5 3rd 17.5 +0.7 12.1 4th 24.6 81.4 low 30%
Sunshine Coast Airport 27.8 +2.4 35.0 7th 15.8 +0.2 10.3 5th 45.4 75.0 average 61%
Tewantin RSL Park 27.2 +1.7 36.1 7th 17.3 +0.4 13.3 5th 38.2 92.6 low 41%
Toolara (Kelly) 30.5 +1.9 36.0 24th 16.8 +0.3 12.2 4th 14.8 75.3 v low 20%
University of Queensland Gatton 31.2 +3.1 37.7 7th 12.8 -0.4 7.3 15th 15.2 64.6 low 24%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 24.7 +3.0 29.3 22nd 9.4 +0.4 0.2 4th 28.6 72.1 low 40%
Dalby Airport 30.5 +2.3 36.0 7th 12.2 -0.4 3.0 15th 27.4 59.8 low 46%
Goondiwindi Airport 30.8 +2.1 36.5 23rd 13.4 -0.1 5.1 4th 22.0 47.3 low 47%
Oakey Aero 29.2 +2.6 35.4 7th 11.0 -0.2 1.3 15th 54.2 57.0 average 95%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 25.5 +2.9 30.4 7th 9.4 +0.5 0.0 4th 25.9 69.4 v low 37%
Texas Post Office 29.8 +1.9 34.4 7th 11.8 +0.2 3.7 4th 67.6 61.0 average 111%
Toowoomba Airport 26.3 +2.0 32.2 7th 13.1 +0.4 7.0 4th 43.2 62.8 low 69%
Warwick 28.0 +2.3 33.4 7th 10.2 -0.2 0.9 4th 35.6 73.7 low 48%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 31.6 +2.2 36.7 7th 13.3 -0.5 2.8 15th 39.4 43.6 average 90%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 32.0 +2.6 37.2 11th 13.1 +0.4 4.3 5th 46.4 47.2 average 98%
Mitchell Post Office 32.7 +3.4 39.1 12th 12.6 +0.3 4.8 5th 33.4 42.5 average 79%
Roma Airport 32.4 +2.9 38.8 12th 12.9 -0.6 3.2 5th 17.6 53.6 low 33%
St George Airport 31.9 +2.4 38.5 12th 14.4 0.0 5.8 5th 7.0 42.7 v low 16%
Surat 32.0 +2.9 36.9 12th 14.0 +0.2 4.9 5th 15.6 49.6 low 31%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 32.8 +3.2 38.5 12th 14.5 +0.8 5.5 4th 11.5 35.7 low 32%
Charleville Aero 33.6 +3.8 38.9 12th 15.0 +0.6 6.2 5th 3.0 36.2 v low 8%
Cunnamulla Post Office 32.7 +3.1 38.5 22nd 16.3 +1.5 8.0 5th 2.4 25.3 low 9%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 33.2 +0.8 41.6 21st 16.7 -0.5 10.7 15th 1.0 5.7 average 18%
Thargomindah Airport 32.9 +1.8 40.8 21st 16.9 +0.3 8.5 5th 0.6 13.2 low 5%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Middle Percy Island 27.1 +1.5 30.7 8th 20.6 +0.5 17.9 6th 1.6 26.9 v low 6%
Willis Island 29.0 +0.3 30.5 31st 24.3 +0.7 22.7 8th 4.8 20.9 average 23%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Friday 1 November 2013. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 9 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries