Queensland in December 2013: Hot and dry end to the year

  • Third-lowest rainfall on record area-averaged across the state, lowest since 1938
  • Rainfall across the state was 26.2 mm, 68% below the December mean of 82.49  mm
  • Area-averaged across the state:
    • maximum temperature was 1.31 C above the 1961-90 average of 35.14  C
    • mean temperature was 0.90 C above the 1961-90 average of  28.50 C
    • minimum temperature was 0.50 C above the 1961-90 average of 21.86 C
  • Numerous temperature records broken
  • Hottest day was at Windorah with 47.3 C on the 29th
  • Warmest days on average at Lake Julius with 33.4 C

Rainfall

Across the state, area-averaged rainfall was 26.2 mm, 68% below the December mean of 82.49 mm ranking as the third-lowest December total on record since 1900.  The lowest December rainfall on record was recorded in 1938, with 19.65mm.
Rainfall was below average across most of the state, with the dry conditions extending across the southern border into northern New South Wales and also westward into the northwest and bordering Northern Territory. The Gulf Country, Peninsula and remaining areas of the far northern tropics, as well as the northern interior and some areas in the southwestern districts received 20-40% of their average rainfall. The central coast and adjacent inland, through to the Darling Downs and Granite Belt, received similar percentages, with isolated areas recording close to average rainfall.
A vast expanse of the state recorded less than 20% of the average monthly total, with some places recording little or no rainfall.  Rockhampton only recieved 2.8 mm and is the lowest December rainfall for 75 years. Numerous sites had their lowest total December rainfall on record while some other sites had their lowest total December rainfall for at least 20 years.

The highest monthly rainfall was at Coconut Island with 269.8 mm, followed by Mt Sophia with 195.0 mm. Coconut Island had the highest daily rainfall total with 109.4 mm on the 9th.

Temperature

The area-averaged mean temperature for the state was 0.09 C above the long term 1961-90 average of 28.50 C. There was little reprieve in the west, with both hot days and warm nights bringing little relief from higher than average temperatures.  The warmest on average was Lake Julius AWS with 32.7 C. Mt Isa, as well as being dry also had its highest December mean temperature for at least 20 years while Palmerville equalled its lowest December mean temperature for at least 20 years.

Maximum temperature

The area-averaged maximum temperature for the state was 1.31 C above the long term 1961-90 average of 35.14 C.  

Very hot days were recorded at the beginning of the month throughout the west, with Birdsville reaching 44.7 C on the 9th, just slightly warmer than the 44.4 C recorded on the 2nd. Ballera Gas Field also recorded 44.4 C on the 9th, while Bedourie Police Station reached 44.3 C on the same day. Near the end of the month, another string of very hot days saw numerous December temperature records fall with many sites having their highest December temperature on record. The hottest day was recorded at Windorah Post Office with 47.3 C on the 29th, closely followed by Urandangi Aerodrome with 47.2 C on the 30th, then Isisford Post Office with 46.6 C, also on the 30th.
The warmest days on average were at Julia Creek Airport with 41.2 C, followed by Urandangi Aerodrome with 40.6 C, followed by Winton Airport with 40.4 C. 

Minimum temperature

The area-averaged minimum temperature for the state was 0.50 C above the long term 1961-90 average of 21.86  C. 

The coldest night was at Applethorpe with 5.5 C on the 7th, while the warmest night was at Longreach Aero and The Monument Airport, both with 30.7 C on the 30th.  Longreach had its warmest December night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record. Despite the heat to the west, areas around the north tropical coast, and Capricornia coast extending down to the southeast coast had cooler than average nights. Some places had their lowest December temperature on record. Some sites had their lowest December mean daily minimum temperature on record.

Severe Thunderstorms    

  • 5th: Reports of trees and power lines down due to localised wind gusts in Beerwah, Landsborough, and Crohamhurst
  • 11th: Roof removed from a house at Broadwater (near Stanthorpe), and multiple trees felled near Inglewood
  • 13th: Hail with a diameter of 3 cm was reported at Heritage Park
  • 14th: Hail with a diameter 4.5 cm reported near Boonah, and 'golf ball-sized' hail at Mt Barney
  • 16th: Hail with a diameter of 4 cm reported from Dalveen
  • 27th: 'Golf ball-sized' hail reported at Kilcoy around 2:50 pm
  • 29th: Widespread power outages across the greater southeast due to thunderstorms
  • 30th:
    • 'Golf ball-sized' hail observed at Cooyar at 5:00 pm, 'grape-sized' hail observed at Nanango at 5:15 pm, and hail with a diameter of 3 cm reported at Kingaroy at 5:50 pm;
    • Roof of house removed at Hughenden around 8:00 pm;
    • 100km/hr wind gust recorded at May Downs at 8:40 pm;
  • 31st: 
    • Hail with a diameter of 2 cm reported at Kingaroy at 3:30 pm, and "golf ball-sized" hail at Kumbia (southwest of Kingaroy) at 3:45 pm, along with numerous reports of 5 - 6 cm hail around the Kingaroy area; 
    • 'Golf ball-sized' hail observed at Vale View (south of Toowoomba) at around 5:35 pm, and hail with a diameter of 2 cm was observed south of Toowoomba at 5:50 pm

Wind

The strongest wind gust was at Julia Creek Airport with 119 km/h on the 30th, associated with the passage of a severe thunderstorm.

Further information

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Extremes in December 2013
Hottest day 47.3 C at Windorah Post Office on the 29th
Warmest days on average 41.2 C at Julia Creek Airport
Coolest days on average 26.8 C at Maleny Tamarind St
Coldest day 20.1 C at Applethorpe on the 6th
Coldest night 5.5 C at Applethorpe on the 7th
Coolest nights on average 12.9 C at Applethorpe
Warmest nights on average 27.4 C at Sweers Island
Warmest night 30.7 C at Longreach Aero and The Monument Airport, both on the 30th
Warmest on average overall 33.4 C at Lake Julius AWS
Coolest on average overall 20.1 C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 269.8 mm at Coconut Island
Wettest day 109.4 mm at Coconut Island on the 9th
Highest wind gust 119 km/h at Julia Creek Airport on the 30th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest total December rainfall
Total rainfall
for December 2013 (mm)
Previous driest
for December
Years of
record
Average for
December
Macknade Sugar Mill 8.0 9.4 in 1908 122 180.8
Pratten 5.0 7.2 in 1990 112 88.8
Quilpie Airport 0.0 = 0.0 in 1982 95 34.1
Kroombit 4.4 7.0 in 1993 80 95.1
Hannaford Post Office 3.2 3.8 in 1950 79 74.5
Rockhampton Aero 2.8 3.6 in 1972 75 106.4
Merluna 17.0 23.3 in 2005 58 224.5
Boothulla 0.0 = 0.0 in 1955 51 46.7
Cardwell Range 22.6 33.9 in 1968 48 218.6
Fort Lytton 25.4 36.6 in 1972 46 130.4
Ingham Composite 10.2 38.0 in 1995 45 202.5
Mutarnee Store 31.0 54.2 in 1983 40 221.9
Coolangatta 24.6 37.2 in 2001 31 151.8
Maclean Bridge 31.8 48.6 in 2012 31 133.8
Sunnybank 1.8 15.4 in 1994 30 69.2
Hamilton Island 17.1 19.2 in 2005 25 195.3
Lauriedale 16.2 26.7 in 2009 25 100.6
Ripple Downs 9.6 18.9 in 1990 25 83.9
Charters Towers Airport 9.3 10.2 in 1993 22 83.0
Dalby Airport 8.2 26.8 in 1992 22 99.8
McAllister Station 0.0 15.0 in 1993 22 143.4
Weipa Aero 60.4 81.6 in 2006 22 273.9
Springfield 2.0 6.4 in 2002 21 74.2
Gold Coast Seaway 20.8 67.4 in 2006 20 136.5
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 24.4 46.0 in 1994 20 126.2

Lowest total December rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for December 2013 (mm)
Most recent December
at least this dry
Years since
drier
Average for
December
Halifax Macrossan St 11.8 4.8 in 1905* 107 183.8
Victoria Sugar Mill 9.6 7.3 in 1905* 106 178.0
Low Isles Lighthouse 37.4 5.6 in 1935* 77 208.6
Glenorie 1.0 0.0 in 1938 75 52.5
Blackall Township 1.0 0.0 in 1938* 74 69.3
Bollon Mary St 1.8 1.3 in 1939 74 52.2
Alderley 34.4 19.6 in 1941 72 135.5
Manly Railway Station 15.0 8.9 in 1941* 71 119.1
Texas Post Office 13.8 0.0 in 1941* 71 80.8
Barcaldine Post Office 4.6 2.6 in 1946 67 63.6
Meandarra Post Office 6.0 5.1 in 1941* 66 69.0
Warkon 1.6 0.0 in 1950 63 71.0
Augathella Post Office 1.4 0.0 in 1949* 62 62.6
Charleville Aero 1.6 0.8 in 1953 60 55.4
Dalveen 22.9 9.9 in 1953 60 107.5
Mulga Downs 1.2 0.0 in 1953 60 43.3
Ellangowan 17.8 6.4 in 1954 59 98.0
Gue 3.8 0.0 in 1953* 59 61.6
Mossman South Alchera Drive 47.0 23.5 in 1952* 59 228.1
Drillham 19.4 16.5 in 1954* 57 87.3
Leslie Dam 19.8 10.4 in 1953* 57 99.3
Killarney Post Office 16.6 13.0 in 1957 56 92.6
Morven Post Office 3.4 0.8 in 1953* 56 68.2
Nanango Wills St 27.4 15.6 in 1957 56 104.5
Wandoan Post Office 4.2 2.5 in 1957* 54 97.3
Mingela Post Office 7.0 0.0 in 1966 47 78.0
Tambo Post Office 1.4 0.0 in 1966 47 69.6
Walkamin Research Station 19.4 9.8 in 1966 47 122.0
Tarome 34.0 27.0 in 1967 46 129.1
Mungallala 8.0 5.8 in 1966* 43 67.8
Anakie Richardson St 9.6 3.3 in 1972 41 90.1
Broadmeadows 3.8 1.8 in 1972 41 141.0
Hawkins Creek 23.2 8.6 in 1972 41 210.3
Gladstone Radar 13.6 2.8 in 1972* 40 129.8
Mount Larcom Post Office 15.0 1.0 in 1972* 40 130.5
Walterhall 11.0 6.9 in 1972* 40 108.9
Glenwood 11.2 11.0 in 1972* 39 94.2
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 15.9 4.4 in 1974 39 99.3
Yabulu QLD Nickel 6.3 6.1 in 1972* 39 122.4
Gin Gin Post Office 39.0 26.0 in 1974* 38 127.1
Tosari 21.0 20.4 in 1976 37 93.4
Yangan Post Office 28.4 22.0 in 1976 37 101.4
Canungra Finch Road 48.0 32.0 in 1977 36 129.0
Eumundi - Crescent Rd 40.4 20.8 in 1968* 36 165.0
Kenilworth Township 46.7 21.6 in 1977 36 149.8
Macalister 16.6 5.4 in 1977 36 93.2
Mt Tamborine Fern St 38.6 34.8 in 1977 36 164.4
Highvale 34.2 29.2 in 1968* 35 126.1
Oxenford (Oberon Way) 25.6 22.2 in 1972* 35 141.6
Woleebee Nevasa 16.0 11.8 in 1977* 35 85.8
Palmerville 30.8 18.0 in 1979 34 156.0
Boondall 32.8 29.0 in 1977* 33 132.7
Wallumbilla Post Office 12.0 6.8 in 1977* 33 76.0
Ballandean Post Office 33.0 29.0 in 1979* 32 98.9
Applethorpe 25.0 23.0 in 1979* 31 95.4
Donors Hill Station 19.6 16.0 in 1979* 31 112.0
Rollingstone 21.7 0.0 in 1981* 31 188.6
Croydon Township 22.0 15.3 in 1983 30 114.6
Mount McConnell 4.6 0.0 in 1983* 29 87.0
Embreys Bridge 30.2 26.2 in 1986 27 105.9
Mitchell Post Office 7.3 5.7 in 1986 27 70.2
Dulacca Truck Stop 13.4 =13.4 in 1986* 26 80.2
Roma Airport 7.6 5.2 in 1986* 26 80.1
Albro Station 3.0 0.0 in 1983* 24 84.0
Maryborough 59.0 38.0 in 1989 24 128.9
McKinlay Roadhouse 13.4 9.2 in 1982* 24 53.9
Rockley 14.0 11.2 in 1989 24 129.8
Capella Post Office 10.4 5.0 in 1989* 23 83.2
Lady Elliot Island 23.0 12.2 in 1990 23 92.2
Mystery Park 33.6 28.8 in 1986* 23 158.2
Rocky Point Sugar Mill 45.6 45.2 in 1984* 23 143.5
Ulcanbah 4.6 4.2 in 1989* 22 64.6
Kowanyama Airport 38.4 29.8 in 1991* 21 173.4
Nerang Gilston Rd 70.0 54.0 in 1985* 20 136.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.



Record highest December temperature
Highest temperature
in December 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for December
Years of
record
Average for
December
Rockhampton Aero 41.5 on the 30th 41.3 on the 8th in 1981 75 32.1
Charleville Aero 46.0 on the 29th 44.1 on the 24th in 2003 72 34.7
Quilpie Airport 46.2 on the 29th 46.1 on the 22nd in 1990 57 36.3
Taroom Post Office 44.0 on the 30th = 44.0 on the 25th in 1972 57 33.4
Tambo Post Office 43.3 on the 30th = 43.3 on the 13th in 1979 56 34.8
Isisford Post Office 46.6 on the 30th 46.0 on the 28th in 1972 52 37.0
Injune Post Office 44.1 on the 30th 43.0 on the 26th in 1972 47 33.1
Windorah Post Office 47.3 on the 29th 47.1 on the 22nd in 1990 47 37.8
Oakey Aero 40.3 on the 29th 40.2 on the 10th in 2009 41 30.2
Dalby Airport 41.4 on the 29th 41.0 on the 25th in 2005 22 31.4
Roma Airport 45.5 on the 30th 42.4 on the 17th in 2012 22 33.1
Goondiwindi Airport 43.6 on the 29th 41.8 on the 21st in 2001 21 32.2



Record highest December daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in December 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for December
Years of
record
Average for
December
Longreach Aero 30.7 on the 30th 29.7 on the 12th in 2009 47 22.1



Record lowest December temperature
Lowest temperature
in December 2013 (C)
Previous coolest
for December
Years of
record
Average for
December
Coolangatta 12.2 on the 7th 12.5 on the 28th in 1993 28 19.7



Highest December mean temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily
temperature
for December 2013 (C)
Most recent December
at least this warm
Years since
warmer
Average for
December
Mount Isa Aero 31.9 32.4 in 1990 23 30.0



Lowest December mean temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily
temperature
for December 2013 (C)
Most recent December
at least this cool
Years since
cooler
Average for
December
Palmerville 28.1 =28.1 in 1983* 26 28.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for December 2013
Maximum temperatures
for December
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for December
(C)
Rainfall
for December
(millimetres)
Mean for
December
2013
Diff
from
average
Highest for
December
2013
Mean for
December
2013
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
December
2013
Total for
December
2013
Average
for
December
Rank of
December
2013
Fraction of
December
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 32.7 -0.3 35.0 18th 25.8 -0.3 22.4 6th 269.8 154.5 high 175%
Coen Airport 33.9 -0.8 36.9 6th 23.0 -0.9 20.8 6th 16.0 126.4 low 13%
Horn Island 32.2 +0.4 34.2 7th 25.5 -0.2 22.2 31st 129.2 188.1 average 69%
Scherger RAAF 35.0   37.2 6th 23.7   22.0 5th 140.8 172.8 average 81%
Weipa Aero 34.9 +1.1 37.1 9th 23.9 -0.3 22.5 9th 60.4 273.9 lowest 22%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 31.4 -0.8 33.3 13th 24.2 +0.6 20.6 6th 179.8 207.9 average 86%
Palmerville 34.9 -0.4 38.6 31st 21.3 -1.3 18.2 25th 30.8 156.0 v low 20%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 36.4 0.0 40.5 14th 25.1 -0.4 22.0 30th 54.0 77.6 average 70%
Century Mine 40.2 +1.9 43.4 30th 25.1 0.0 21.5 14th 46.4 103.8 v low 45%
Cloncurry Airport 40.1 +1.6 44.2 31st 26.3 +1.6 20.1 7th 55.4 80.7 average 69%
Croydon Township 37.9 +0.6 41.4 31st 26.0 +1.4 22.9 1st 22.0 114.6 v low 19%
Julia Creek Airport 41.2 +1.7 45.4 31st 24.0 +0.3 15.5 7th 17.8 58.8 low 30%
Kowanyama Airport 35.5 +0.7 37.9 31st 24.8 +0.5 23.5 4th 38.4 173.4 v low 22%
Lake Julius AWS 40.0   44.8 30th 26.8   22.7 6th 16.2
Mornington Island Airport 33.3   36.1 13th 26.7   23.4 20th 61.2
Mount Isa Aero 39.4 +2.3 43.9 31st 24.4 +1.4 19.5 16th 29.0 73.0 low 40%
Normanton Airport 37.0 +0.8 40.3 18th 25.9 +0.1 21.4 3rd 145.8 135.7 high 107%
Sweers Island 33.5 -0.2 35.5 13th 27.4 +0.4 23.2 3rd 65.6 162.0 v low 40%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 36.2 0.0 41.2 30th 23.1 -0.5 20.4 17th 63.2 133.3 low 47%
Hughenden Airport 38.6 +1.5 43.1 31st 23.7 +0.5 18.4 6th 4.8 78.6 v low 6%
Richmond Airport 39.3 +1.3 43.9 31st 23.7 +0.5 15.7 7th 34.6 64.2 low 54%
Richmond Post Office 39.1 +1.0 43.6 31st 23.8 +1.3 18.2 7th 36.9 70.8 average 52%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 31.0 -0.4 32.7 15th 22.4 -1.0 18.9 5th 56.2 177.1 low 32%
Cairns Racecourse 31.3   33.1 30th 21.8   18.5 5th 75.4
Cape Flattery 32.4 -0.3 33.8 30th 24.7 -0.2 19.5 28th 8.0 114.2 v low 7%
Cooktown Airport 31.9 -0.3 33.4 29th 23.8 -0.7 18.8 28th 13.4 143.9 v low 9%
Low Isles Lighthouse 32.3 0.0 35.9 31st 24.4 -0.9 21.6 4th 37.4 208.6 v low 18%
Mareeba Airport 31.5 -0.6 36.2 30th 19.3 -1.6 16.2 24th 10.0 93.6 v low 11%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cape Ferguson NTC AWS 28.1   30.4 31st 25.1   22.3 21st
Cardwell Marine Pde 30.6 -0.9 32.2 31st 22.5 +0.2 19.0 5th 33.2 194.1 low 17%
Ingham Composite 32.7 +0.2 37.4 31st 21.0 -1.1 17.8 4th 10.2 202.5 lowest 5%
Innisfail 30.4 -0.4 31.7 31st 22.5 +0.5 20.4 4th 97.2 263.4 average 37%
Lucinda Point 29.0 -0.7 30.2 13th 25.0 -0.3 22.2 5th 5.8 93.4 v low 6%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 30.4 -0.8 33.2 6th 21.2 -0.6 17.5 5th 143.2 262.7 average 55%
Townsville Aero 32.2 +0.7 35.6 31st 23.7 -0.4 21.0 4th 8.8 129.1 v low 7%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 30.6 -0.3 32.0 16th 24.7 0.0 21.6 20th 9.0 107.2 v low 8%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 31.9 -0.1 34.5 31st 21.0 -1.1 18.2 4th 12.4 103.1 v low 12%
Bowen Airport 31.1 -0.2 31.9 22nd 21.9 -1.5 18.3 4th 9.4 143.3 v low 7%
Collinsville Post Office 34.8 +0.8 40.0 30th 20.0 -1.3 16.4 9th 25.4 94.8 low 27%
Hamilton Island Airport 29.3 -0.6 31.9 30th 24.3 -0.2 22.6 21st 26.6 133.0 low 20%
Mackay Aero 31.2 +0.5 35.1 29th 21.2 -1.0 17.4 4th 17.2 134.0 v low 13%
Mackay M.O 30.5 +0.4 35.1 29th 22.8 -0.2 18.8 4th 11.6 188.1 v low 6%
Proserpine Airport 32.3 +0.2 37.9 30th 20.0 -1.8 16.3 4th 30.4 165.8 v low 18%
Rosslyn Bay NTC AWS 27.5   29.1 25th 23.7   21.1 13th
Samuel Hill Aero 30.5 -0.2 35.8 30th 18.1 -1.8 14.3 9th 43.4 161.9 v low 27%
St Lawrence 30.9 -0.7 33.4 29th 19.9 -2.5 17.5 3rd 80.8 150.6 average 54%
Williamson 30.7   34.2 30th 20.2   17.0 10th 90.2 150.6 average 60%
Woolshed 30.3 +1.4 34.1 6th 19.7 -0.7 17.7 9th 20.8 101.2 low 21%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 28.7 0.0 31.3 31st 22.5 -0.2 18.6 10th 27.8 120.2 v low 23%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 35.3 +0.9 41.8 31st 20.9 -1.0 18.8 5th 9.3 83.0 lowest 11%
Moranbah Airport 35.6   42.7 31st 18.8   14.9 10th 10.0
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 35.2   43.3 31st 19.8   17.2 7th 39.8
Clermont Airport 35.5   44.3 31st 19.7   16.0 21st 26.0
Emerald Airport 35.3 +1.1 42.7 31st 20.2 -1.1 17.0 7th 15.6 86.8 v low 18%
Lochington 36.0   44.0 30th 20.2   14.9 7th 19.2
Rolleston Airport 35.3   43.2 30th 19.0   13.6 7th 48.6
Springsure Comet St 34.7 +0.7 42.1 30th 19.2 -0.6 13.7 1st 28.6 93.2 low 31%
Tambo Post Office 36.8 +2.0 43.3 30th 20.9 +1.8 11.2 6th 1.4 69.6 v low 2%
Taroom Post Office 34.7 +1.3 44.0 30th 19.0 -0.6 11.3 7th 42.1 90.2 low 47%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 37.9 +2.2 43.4 30th 23.8 +1.6 18.1 19th 4.6 63.6 v low 7%
Blackall Airport 38.3 +2.7 45.4 30th 22.7 +0.8 15.9 6th 2.2 104.5 v low 2%
Isisford Post Office 39.3 +2.3 46.6 30th 24.0 +2.1 14.6 20th 14.2 53.7 low 26%
Longreach Aero 39.4 +2.0 45.7 30th 23.4 +1.3 17.8 6th 16.2 56.8 low 29%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 39.3 +1.2 43.6 30th 25.0 +1.2 18.4 7th 70.4 61.8 average 114%
New May Downs 38.9   43.6 31st 25.7   19.6 6th 32.4
The Monument Airport 39.4 +1.5 45.2 30th 24.9 +1.4 15.8 7th 59.0 48.1 average 123%
Trepell Airport 40.0 +1.4 46.1 31st 25.0 +1.3 16.0 7th 3.2 43.8 v low 7%
Urandangi Aerodrome 40.6   47.2 30th 24.5   13.1 7th 11.0
Winton Airport 40.4 +1.7 45.0 31st 25.0 +1.6 18.8 7th 0 35.3 v low 0%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 38.7 +0.2 44.9 29th 23.1 -0.7 16.8 6th 17.8 9.1 high 196%
Windorah Post Office 40.1 +2.3 47.3 29th 24.2 +1.7 16.9 6th 15.0 30.4 average 49%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 30.4 +0.9 33.3 29th 19.0 -1.5 14.7 2nd 75.4 127.9 average 59%
Gayndah Airport 34.0 +1.7 41.0 29th 17.8 -1.7 12.7 2nd 49.6 89.8 low 55%
Gladstone Airport 30.3 +0.3 34.8 29th 21.3 -0.8 18.4 10th 11.6 110.0 v low 11%
Gladstone Radar 32.0 +1.0 37.2 31st 21.7 -0.2 18.3 2nd 13.6 129.8 v low 10%
Lady Elliot Island 28.9 +0.3 31.2 31st 23.4 +0.2 21.3 1st 23.0 92.2 low 25%
Monto Township 32.4 +0.4 40.5 30th 16.9 -1.4 12.4 2nd 53.2 94.0 average 57%
Rockhampton Aero 33.5 +1.4 41.5 30th 20.9 -0.3 17.4 10th 2.8 106.4 lowest 3%
Rundle Island 27.7 0.0 31.5 26th 23.9 +0.1 21.0 2nd
Seventeen Seventy 29.2 +0.6 31.8 29th 21.4 -0.8 18.1 2nd 59.2 136.8 low 43%
Thangool Airport 32.3 -0.6 40.0 30th 16.4 -2.3 12.3 7th 48.0 93.1 low 52%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 30.9 +0.1 40.4 29th 16.3 -2.1 10.4 7th 55.8 121.4 low 46%
Archerfield Airport 30.1 +0.6 37.3 29th 18.3 -0.7 12.0 7th 26.6 126.8 v low 21%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 31.0   40.7 29th 16.2   10.8 7th 27.4
Beerburrum Forest Station 29.9 +0.3 39.3 29th 16.8 -1.7 11.6 7th 63.6 159.4 low 40%
Brisbane 29.7 +0.4 35.5 5th 19.6 -0.7 15.0 7th 18.0 139.6 v low 13%
Brisbane Aero 27.9 -0.2 31.0 29th 19.2 -0.9 14.2 2nd 34.6 131.2 v low 26%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 26.9 +0.9 29.0 29th 21.3 +0.3 17.3 1st
Coolangatta 28.0 +0.9 31.0 5th 18.8 -0.9 12.2 7th 24.6 151.8 lowest 16%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 28.5 +1.2 31.6 28th 21.4 -0.1 18.7 1st 35.2 129.3 v low 27%
Gold Coast Seaway 28.2 +0.4 32.8 29th 19.9 -0.6 16.0 7th 20.8 136.5 lowest 15%
Gympie 31.9 +0.6 39.8 29th 16.9 -1.6 12.1 7th 50.4 137.3 low 37%
Hervey Bay Airport 29.7 +0.4 32.0 28th 19.2 -1.9 14.2 8th 60.0 141.3 low 42%
Kingaroy Airport 31.2 +1.2 39.1 29th 15.2 -1.6 8.8 7th 22.0 108.1 v low 20%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 29.4 +0.5 40.0 29th 18.9 -0.2 13.5 7th 24.4 126.2 lowest 19%
Maleny Tamarind St 26.8 +0.4 38.2 29th 16.8 -0.9 12.2 2nd 58.4 198.4 low 29%
Maryborough 31.4 +0.8 35.4 29th 17.9 -1.7 14.0 9th 59.0 128.9 low 46%
Nambour DPI - Hillside 29.2   39.1 29th 17.9   13.0 7th 43.4
Rainbow Beach 28.2 0.0 34.2 29th       52.6 131.0 low 40%
Redcliffe 27.7 -0.5 34.4 5th 20.1 -0.8 15.7 3rd 37.0 124.0 low 30%
Sunshine Coast Airport 28.7 +0.6 35.8 5th 18.1 -1.7 13.6 4th 61.2 152.9 low 40%
Tewantin RSL Park 28.3 +0.3 36.5 5th 19.6 -1.1 15.9 4th 37.4 149.2 low 25%
Toolara (Kelly) 32.2 +1.0 39.7 29th 19.0 -0.7 14.7 2nd 62.0 154.3 low 40%
University of Queensland Gatton 32.0 +0.7 41.5 29th 16.4 -1.7 10.5 7th 27.2 99.5 v low 27%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 27.3 +1.6 36.0 29th 12.9 -0.9 5.5 7th 25.0 95.4 v low 26%
Dalby Airport 33.4 +2.0 41.4 29th 16.6 -1.0 10.5 7th 8.2 99.8 lowest 8%
Goondiwindi Airport 34.5 +2.3 43.6 29th 19.0 +0.3 9.4 7th 21.2 83.8 v low 25%
Oakey Aero 31.5 +1.3 40.3 29th 16.1 -0.5 10.6 7th 26.6 93.5 v low 28%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 27.9 +0.9 37.0 29th 13.6 -0.6 6.9 6th 46.4 93.5 low 50%
Texas Post Office 34.4 +1.7 42.2 29th 17.1 -0.1 7.6 6th 13.8 80.8 v low 17%
Toowoomba Airport 28.2 +0.8 38.3 29th 15.5 -1.1 11.5 6th 39.6 102.8 v low 39%
Warwick 30.5 +1.4 40.4 29th 14.6 -1.3 9.1 7th 11.8 100.9 v low 12%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 34.6 +2.0 43.8 29th 18.6 -0.6 9.0 7th 42.4 98.1 v low 43%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 35.1 +2.0 44.1 30th 18.0 -0.1 9.7 7th 21.6 89.1 v low 24%
Mitchell Post Office 36.5 +2.8 44.2 30th 18.3 -0.2 9.5 7th 7.3 70.2 v low 10%
Roma Airport 35.5 +2.4 45.5 30th 18.8 -0.5 8.1 7th 7.6 80.1 v low 9%
St George Airport 36.1 +2.6 45.5 29th 19.9 -0.3 10.5 6th 3.4 74.2 v low 5%
Surat 35.1 +1.3 43.7 29th 20.0 +0.7 10.8 7th 21.4 72.0 low 30%
Warrego (district 44)
Charleville Aero 37.9 +3.2 46.0 29th 21.7 +1.4 11.6 7th 1.6 55.4 v low 3%
Cunnamulla Post Office 37.0 +1.8 45.0 29th 21.4 +0.7 13.0 3rd 0.2 39.3 v low 1%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 38.5 +1.0 44.9 28th 23.2 -0.1 14.8 6th 2.2 11.4 low 19%
Thargomindah Airport 38.1 +1.7 44.6 28th 23.3 +0.3 13.9 6th 0 28.3 v low 0%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Middle Percy Island 28.1 -0.1 29.6 29th 22.3 -0.4 20.7 1st 65.6 112.6 average 58%
Willis Island 30.2 -0.5 31.4 6th 25.6 +0.2 23.1 15th 34.4 95.5 average 36%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 5 am on Thursday 2 January 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 9 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.

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