Queensland in January 2019: Warmest January on record; driest on record in parts of the southeastern quarter of the State and flooding in the northern tropics

Larges parts of the central to southern interior and areas of the southeastern quarter of the State saw their driest January on record, while parts of the northern tropics were in flood. Queensland had its warmest January on record in terms of mean temperature. Overnight temperatures were the warmest on record for the State, while daytime temperatures were the fifth-warmest on record.

Record dry in parts of central to southern Queensland; flooding in the northern tropics

  • Queensland had a drier than usual January, around 25% below the long-term average for the whole State
  • Larges parts of the central to southern interior, and areas in the southeastern quarter of the State had their driest January on record, or were in the lowest 10% of historical records
  • In contrast, it was wetter than usual in the northern and eastern Cape York Peninsula and along the northeast coast, with a few sites reporting their highest January daily rainfall on record
  • The remnants of ex-tropical cyclone Penny produced moderate to locally heavier falls along the Capricornia to central coasts on the 9th and 10th
  • A deep trough over central Queensland shifted northwards from the 9th, with showers and thunderstorms producing further moderate falls along the central to north tropical coast, Cape York Peninsula, Gulf Country and the northern interior of the State to the 13th
  • An active monsoon trough extended across the tip of Cape York Peninsula from the 22nd; the monsoon trough and an embedded low pressure system in the Gulf of Carpentaria brought heavy falls to northern Queensland from the 24th onward as the low and trough drifted south into the northern tropics

Flooding in the northern tropics

  • Very heavy rainfall on the tropical northeast coast from the 26th onwards resulted in moderate to major flooding in coastal communities between Daintree and Mackay
  • Major flooding occurred on the Daintree River on the 26th, and heavy rainfall produced major flooding along the Haughton River at Giru late in the month
  • Flash flooding and swift water rescues occurred around Black River and Bluewater Creek to the northwest of Townsville, with rainfall totals of more than 200 mm in three hours
  • Heavy rainfall continued around Townsville and the Herbert and Lower Burdekin into February

An extremely warm month overall

  • Queensland had its warmest January on record in terms of mean temperature (2.46 °C above the long-term average), beating the previous record set in 2018
  • Statewide mean minimum temperatures were the warmest on record, and 2.53 °C above the long-term average
  • It was Queensland's fifth-warmest January on record for mean maximum temperature (2.39 °C above the long-term average)
  • Larges parts of Queensland west of a line from the northwest of the State to the southern interior were warmest on record for both mean maximum and mean minimum temperatures, with numerous locations reporting their highest January mean daily maximum temperature on record or their highest January mean daily minimum temperature on record
  • As a result of persistent warm daytime and overnight temperatures, some sites had their highest January mean temperature on record
  • Further information about the heatwaves that have affected large areas of the country can be found in the Special Climate Statement Widespread heatwaves during December 2018 and January 2019
  • A delayed monsoon onset resulted in an extended period of hot days in the northwest - both Cloncurry and Camooweal had a record run of days at or above 40 °C; Cloncurry with 43 days in a row (ending 27 January 2019), and Camooweal with 40 days in a row (ending 24 January 2019)
  • Birdsville had a record run of 10 days at or above 45 °C (12 to 21 January), beating the previous record of 6 days set in both 2004 and 2013

Tropical cyclone Penny

  • Tropical cyclone Penny developed into a category 1 strength system early on 1 January over the Gulf of Carpentaria
  • Penny made landfall on the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula on the afternoon of the 1st as a category 1 system, then weakened to a tropical low
  • As the system tracked eastwards across the Peninsula and into the Coral Sea, it re-intensified into a category 1 system in the northern Coral Sea, and began a westward track towards north Queensland but weakened before it reached the coast

    Further information

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    Extremes in January 2019
    Hottest day 47.3  °C at Ballera Gas Field on the 17th
    Warmest days on average 44.0  °C at Birdsville Airport
    Coolest days on average 27.6  °C at Woolshed
    Coldest day 22.6  °C at Walkamin Research Station on the 25th and at Woolshed on the 27th
    Coldest night 10.7  °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 13th
    Coolest nights on average 15.6  °C at Applethorpe
    Warmest nights on average 29.9  °C at Ballera Gas Field
    Warmest night 35.1  °C at Ballera Gas Field on the 26th
    Warmest on average overall 36.8  °C at Birdsville Airport
    Coolest on average overall 23.6  °C at Applethorpe and at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
    Wettest overall 1077.0 mm at Whyanbeel Valley
    Driest overall 0 mm at several locations
    Wettest day 562.0 mm at Mossman Central Mill on the 27th
    Strongest wind gust 98 km/h at Urandangi Aerodrome on the 25th

    Maps

    Observed Anomaly Decile rank
    Total
    rainfall
    Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
    Mean
    daily
    maximum
    temperatures
    Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
    Mean
    daily
    minimum
    temperatures
    Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

    Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


    Record highest January daily rainfall

    New record
    (mm)
    Old
    record
    Years of
    record
    Mount McConnell 188.0 on the 10th 174.0 on the 29th in 1910 118
    Meringa Sugar Exp Stn 494.0 on the 29th 375.0 on the 9th in 1998 84
    Whyanbeel Valley 471.6 on the 27th 412.0 on the 28th in 1969 80
    Daintree Village 405.0 on the 27th 372.0 on the 2nd in 1979 41
    Mount Carbine Township 170.0 on the 27th 150.8 on the 23rd in 2013 26



    Record highest January total rainfall

    New record
    (mm)
    Old
    record
    Years of
    record
    Average for
    January
    Woolshed 833.6 774.2 in 2010 21 275.2

    Highest January total rainfall for at least 20 years

    Observed
    (mm)
    Most recent
    higher
    Average for
    January
    Mingela Post Office 429.2 603.8 in 1974* 148.6
    Strathmore 332.1 603.4 in 1974* 158.4
    Kuranda Railway Station 976.5 1341.5 in 1981 414.4
    Mount McConnell 282.8 317.2 in 1981 129.7
    Meringa Sugar Exp Stn 939.1 1386.8 in 1981* 381.0
    Lucinda Point 595.4 880.8 in 1981* 195.2
    Moreton Telegraph Station 644.0 849.2 in 1979* 340.4
    Eton Vale 420.1 424.6 in 1991* 163.1
    Ravenswood Post Office 277.5 383.8 in 1991* 148.0
    Daintree Village 999.5 1006.6 in 1993* 471.2
    Mount Jukes 734.0 1157.0 in 1991* 390.1
    Mulgrave Mill 840.0 1016.6 in 1953* 416.7
    Hamilton Island 562.0 589.6 in 1993* 256.3

    * note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




    Record lowest January total rainfall

    New record
    (mm)
    Old
    record
    Years of
    record
    Average for
    January
    Springsure Comet St 2.4 3.6 in 1979 149 110.6
    Surat 0.0 0.6 in 2018 139 70.9
    Harrisville Mary Street 3.6 5.8 in 2003 122 112.9
    Gatton Allan Street 1.6 1.8 in 2003 121 117.8
    Jandowae Post Office 1.4 4.9 in 1919 121 88.0
    University of Queensland Gatton 1.2 2.0 in 2003 119 110.1
    Pratten 4.0 4.8 in 1982 118 84.7
    Kenilworth Township 22.0 24.4 in 2003 117 188.1
    Toogoolawah Post Office 2.4 4.0 in 2003 111 117.8
    Yangan Post Office 0.8 5.2 in 1994 108 93.7
    Peachester 10.2 14.0 in 2003 101 244.4
    Lindfield 2.4 8.7 in 1937 97 152.7
    Hannaford Post Office 0.8 5.6 in 1928 86 82.1
    Somerset Dam 6.2 7.0 in 2003 82 132.5
    Lady Elliot Island 0.2 7.4 in 1992 80 118.5
    Mt Alford 3.1 5.0 in 2003 78 136.1
    Beerburrum Forest Station 6.6 13.4 in 2002 73 195.8
    Spring Creek Station 2.6 8.4 in 2003 68 107.4
    Queen Mary Falls 1.2 7.8 in 2003 61 163.8
    Glenroy Massie 1.8 14.8 in 1997 60 80.4
    Wansey Downs 2.6 3.2 in 2000 52 72.9
    Ballandean Post Office 9.2 14.8 in 2009 49 92.5
    Miami Bardon Ave 4.4 10.6 in 2003 49 187.2
    Oakey Aero 1.4 2.2 in 1997 49 77.7
    Macalister 0.6 1.2 in 1994 48 81.9
    Moyola 1.8 5.2 in 2003 46 86.6
    Carneys Creek The Ranch 3.0 6.4 in 2003 45 141.3
    Girraween Nat Park 4.6 5.8 in 1995 45 88.4
    Oakington 0.6 7.4 in 2003 42 106.6
    Springbrook Road 18.5 28.0 in 2003 38 273.8
    Coolangatta 4.4 11.4 in 2003 36 156.8
    Seventeen Seventy 10.6 11.8 in 2003 32 159.5
    Corbould Pk Racecourse 9.0 12.0 in 2003 31 162.4
    Dalby Airport 0.2 7.4 in 1997 28 73.4
    Brisbane Aero 2.8 9.4 in 2003 25 126.6
    Gold Coast Seaway 4.4 5.2 in 2003 25 127.2
    Sunshine Coast Airport 0.4 6.6 in 1995 25 139.7
    Pratten Condamine River 5.0 8.8 in 2018 23 82.1
    Toowoomba Airport 4.8 8.6 in 2018 23 90.6
    Woodford Stanmore 14.6 20.0 in 2001 22 187.5
    Southwell Station 173.4 219.8 in 2016 21 414.2
    St George Airport 0.0 3.8 in 2003 21 49.5
    Miles Constance Street 3.4 11.2 in 2003 20 65.8

    Lowest January total rainfall for at least 20 years

    Observed
    (mm)
    Most recent
    lower
    Average for
    January
    Goomboorian 6.5 2.8 in 1919* 168.8
    Dalveen 1.2 0.0 in 1921* 106.8
    Injune Post Office 0.2 0.0 in 1929 86.8
    Gympie 7.2 6.7 in 1932* 161.9
    Tambo Post Office 6.6 6.3 in 1937 79.5
    Imbil Post Office 18.8 10.9 in 1937* 175.2
    Warkon 0.6 0.0 in 1940* 73.2
    Eumundi - Crescent Rd 7.0 2.8 in 1932* 228.6
    Glenelg 10.0 9.2 in 1952* 83.0
    Leslie Dam 9.2 8.9 in 1952* 87.4
    Rewan Station 1.6 0.0 in 1960* 134.2
    Monto Township 5.1 4.6 in 1969* 109.7
    Juanita 4.0 0.0 in 1979* 95.3
    Mt Moffatt National Park 0.6 0.0 in 1980* 115.1
    Warnambool Downs 1.0 0.6 in 1988 71.2
    Bollon Mary St 0.6 0.0 in 1989 63.2
    Lauriedale 6.3 0.0 in 1960* 78.1
    Gregory Downs Outstation 17.0 16.0 in 1961* 140.2
    Lucky Springs Station 28.0 21.2 in 1992* 177.0
    Woodgate Store 12.5 9.9 in 1988* 137.9
    Alderley Station 1.2 0.0 in 1988* 58.4
    Jondaryan Post Office 4.8 0.0 in 1997* 87.2
    Tarana Crossing 4.4 0.0 in 1994* 88.3
    Warwick 15.0 3.6 in 1997* 81.0

    * note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




    Record highest January mean daily maximum temperature

    New record
    ( °C)
    Old
    record
    Years of
    record
    Average for
    January
    Cunnamulla Post Office 41.4 40.2 in 2018 111 36.1
    Cape Moreton Lighthouse 29.5 = 29.5 in 2017 109 27.0
    Bollon Mary St 40.0 39.4 in 2017 107 35.6
    University of Queensland Gatton 35.2 = 35.2 in 1942 96 31.6
    Charleville Aero 39.2 = 39.2 in 2018 76 35.1
    Mount Isa Aero 40.3 40.2 in 1971 52 36.5
    Applethorpe 31.7 29.3 in 2017 49 26.6
    Oakey Aero 33.9 33.7 in 2017 45 31.0
    Coolangatta 30.1 = 30.1 in 2010 31 28.4
    Seventeen Seventy 31.1 30.7 in 2015 31 29.4
    Logan City Water Treatment Plant 31.4 31.3 in 2017 26 29.8
    Roma Airport 37.8 37.5 in 2018 26 34.4
    Warwick 33.6 33.0 in 2018 23 30.3
    Toowoomba Airport 30.8 = 30.8 in 2018 22 28.3
    St George Airport 38.7 = 38.7 in 2017 21 35.0
    Bedourie 42.9 42.4 in 2006 20 39.4

    Highest January mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years

    Observed
    ( °C)
    Most recent
    higher
    Average for
    January
    Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 31.2 32.0 in 1952* 27.4
    Camooweal Township 41.3 41.9 in 1971* 37.3
    Injune Post Office 36.6 36.7 in 1980 33.7
    Texas Post Office 37.1 37.2 in 1985* 33.8

    * note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




    Lowest January mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years

    Observed
    ( °C)
    Most recent
    lower
    Average for
    January
    Cardwell Marine Pde 29.5 28.7 in 1981 31.5
    Low Isles Lighthouse 30.5 29.9 in 1981 32.3
    South Johnstone Exp Stn 30.3 =30.3 in 1997* 31.2

    * note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




    Record highest January daily minimum temperature

    New record
    ( °C)
    Old
    record
    Years of
    record
    Average for
    January
    Thargomindah Airport 34.2 on the 27th 33.4 on the 29th in 2003 20 25.7



    Record lowest January temperature

    New record
    ( °C)
    Old
    record
    Years of
    record
    Average for
    January
    Horn Island 21.8 on the 5th 22.4 on the 24th in 2011 24 25.2



    Record highest January mean daily minimum temperature

    New record
    ( °C)
    Old
    record
    Years of
    record
    Average for
    January
    Richmond Post Office 25.6 25.5 in 1994 125 23.1
    Boulia Airport 28.6 27.8 in 2006 124 24.6
    Cunnamulla Post Office 28.3 26.8 in 2017 111 22.3
    Bollon Mary St 27.1 25.7 in 2017 106 21.6
    Charleville Aero 26.4 25.8 in 2006 76 21.8
    Yeppoon The Esplanade 24.9 = 24.9 in 2018 24 23.9
    Cloncurry Airport 27.6 27.4 in 2018 23 24.9
    St George Airport 25.8 25.4 in 2017 21 22.1

    Highest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years

    Observed
    ( °C)
    Most recent
    higher
    Average for
    January
    Camooweal Township 26.9 27.4 in 1926* 24.3
    Mount Isa Aero 25.4 25.5 in 1994 23.8

    * note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




    Record highest January mean temperature

    New record
    ( °C)
    Old
    record
    Years of
    record
    Average for
    January
    Cunnamulla Post Office 34.9 33.4 in 2017 111 29.2
    Camooweal Township 34.1 = 34.1 in 1971 110 30.8
    Charleville Aero 32.8 32.2 in 2018 76 28.5
    Mount Isa Aero 32.8 32.6 in 1990 52 30.1
    Applethorpe 23.6 23.2 in 2017 49 20.9
    Texas Post Office 29.4 29.0 in 2017 47 26.2
    Seventeen Seventy 27.4 = 27.4 in 2015 31 26.2
    Brisbane Aero 26.5 26.3 in 2017 24 25.2
    Cloncurry Airport 34.4 34.0 in 2013 23 30.8
    Warwick 25.6 = 25.6 in 2017 23 23.7
    St George Airport 32.2 32.1 in 2017 21 28.6

    Highest January mean temperature for at least 20 years

    Observed
    ( °C)
    Most recent
    higher
    Average for
    January
    Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 23.6 24.2 in 1952* 21.5

    * note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




    Lowest January mean temperature for at least 20 years

    Observed
    ( °C)
    Most recent
    lower
    Average for
    January
    Low Isles Lighthouse 27.9 27.3 in 1981 28.9
    Innisfail 26.4 25.9 in 1993 26.9



    Summary statistics for January 2019

    Maximum temperatures
    ( °C)
    Minimum temperatures
    ( °C)
    Rainfall
    (millimetres)
    Mean for
    January
    2019
    Diff
    from
    average
    Highest for
    January
    2019
    Mean for
    January
    2019
    Diff
    from
    average
    Lowest for
    January
    2019
    Total for
    January
    2019
    Average
    for
    January
    Rank of
    January
    2019
    Fraction of
    January
    average
    North Peninsula (district 27)
    Coconut Island 31.6 -0.2 34.3 15th 25.7 -0.2 23.3 3rd 313.6 284.9 average 110%
    Coen Airport 31.3 -1.3 34.4 9th 23.7 -0.1 20.2 3rd 457.2 303.0 high 151%
    Horn Island 30.4 -0.5 31.9 18th 24.9 -0.3 21.8 5th 537.6 404.8 high 133%
    Scherger RAAF 32.2 0.0 34.9 14th 24.1 -0.1 22.0 4th 694.0 527.6 high 132%
    Weipa Aero 32.1 +0.1 35.2 14th 24.4 +0.2 21.7 4th



    South Peninsula (district 28)
    Lockhart River Airport 31.3 -0.4 34.8 10th 24.4 +0.7 20.8 3rd 407.6 399.9 average 102%
    Palmerville 32.6 -0.8 35.5 18th 22.6 -0.4 19.9 22nd 217.6 264.8 average 82%
    Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
    Burketown Airport 35.6 +1.2 40.8 3rd 25.7 +0.4 22.0 25th 134.8 240.2 low 56%
    Century Mine 40.1 +3.6 44.6 10th 26.0 +1.2 21.9 25th 48.2 174.2 v low 28%
    Cloncurry Airport 40.7 +4.0 44.4 8th 27.6 +2.7 23.3 5th 38.0 157.5 low 24%
    Julia Creek Airport 40.6 +3.2 44.4 9th 27.0 +3.2 23.1 2nd 104.8 124.9 average 84%
    Kowanyama Airport 33.3 +0.2 35.8 19th 24.9 +0.5 22.5 15th 234.0 338.8 low 69%
    Lake Julius AWS 40.1   43.9 10th 27.2   23.6 29th 34.4


    Mornington Island Airport 32.8   35.5 11th 26.3   22.4 18th 271.0


    Mount Isa Aero 40.3 +3.8 43.5 8th 25.4 +1.6 20.8 2nd 27.4 114.7 low 24%
    Normanton Airport 35.3 +1.5 40.7 2nd 25.9 +0.7 20.1 5th 182.8 239.3 average 76%
    Sweers Island 33.2 +0.8 36.4 9th 27.1 +0.7 23.9 13th 213.3 330.9 average 64%
    Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
    Georgetown Airport 34.7 +0.8 38.4 23rd 23.3 -0.1 21.8 2nd 164.6 244.8 low 67%
    Hughenden Airport 37.1 +1.4 41.1 24th 24.8 +1.2 22.4 1st 67.2 118.1 low 57%
    Richmond Post Office 38.8 +1.9 42.2 24th 25.6 +2.5 21.8 3rd 157.4 121.3 high 130%
    Barron North Coast (district 31)
    Cairns Aero 30.8 -0.7 34.5 10th 23.7 0.0 20.6 4th 787.2 398.9 v high 197%
    Cairns Racecourse 30.8   35.6 9th 23.4   20.5 4th 683.6


    Cape Flattery 31.4 -0.7 33.4 10th 24.7 -0.1 21.3 7th 197.0 265.5 average 74%
    Cooktown Airport 30.9 -1.2 35.6 10th 24.5 +0.2 20.6 3rd 606.0 299.6 v high 202%
    Low Isles Lighthouse 30.5 -1.8 35.3 10th 25.4 -0.1 24.1 11th 595.0 398.3 high 149%
    Mareeba Airport 29.9 -1.4 34.4 9th 20.9 -0.5 17.3 7th 247.4 210.8 average 117%
    Walkamin Research Station 28.9 -1.2 34.0 9th 19.9 -0.4 16.5 4th 301.8 219.9 high 137%
    Herbert North Coast (district 32)
    Cardwell Marine Pde 29.5 -2.0 32.4 9th 23.6 +0.6 21.2 5th 672.0 438.3 high 153%
    Cowley Beach (Defence) 30.5   33.9 10th 23.9   20.2 4th 521.8


    Innisfail 30.4 -0.5 34.8 9th 22.5 -0.4 20.7 7th 756.1 512.8 high 147%
    Innisfail Aerodrome 30.6   34.9 9th 22.7   19.5 4th 545.8


    Lucinda Point 29.4 -0.8 32.0 9th 25.0 -0.3 23.2 27th 595.4 195.2 v high 305%
    Mount Stuart (Defence) 30.7   37.0 8th 23.0   21.6 1st 471.0


    South Johnstone Exp Stn 30.3 -0.9 35.6 9th 23.2 +0.6 20.2 4th 592.2 526.3 average 113%
    Townsville Aero 31.5 +0.1 38.3 9th 24.1 -0.2 21.7 16th 445.8 269.0 high 166%
    Townsville- Air Weapons Range (Defence) 30.7   37.9 9th 21.4   19.0 13th 295.2


    East Central Coast (district 33)
    Alva Beach 30.4 -0.8 35.9 8th 24.2 -0.6 21.3 3rd 312.8 239.6 average 131%
    Ayr DPI Research Stn 30.9 -0.9 35.5 8th 22.7 -0.1 20.0 3rd 272.8 216.4 high 126%
    Bowen Airport AWS 30.8   33.5 8th 23.6   20.5 3rd 300.8


    Collinsville Post Office 33.4 -0.1 37.9 5th 21.8 -0.2 18.9 1st 201.3 135.2 high 149%
    Hamilton Island Airport 28.6 -1.3 29.6 22nd 24.2 -0.6 22.6 9th 593.8 284.7 v high 209%
    Mackay Aero 29.8 -0.6 31.5 5th 23.8 +0.7 19.9 24th 221.2 307.8 average 72%
    Mackay M.O 29.4 -0.8 30.6 18th 24.3 +0.7 21.5 24th 267.4 275.5 average 97%
    Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 29.7   31.1 22nd 22.9   19.6 24th 165.8


    Proserpine Airport     31.2 25th 22.5 -0.1 20.9 3rd 503.0 297.2 high 169%
    Samuel Hill Aero 29.9 -1.0 31.0 26th 21.5 0.0 18.1 23rd 120.8 195.0 average 62%
    St Lawrence 30.8 -1.0 33.4 6th 22.1 -0.9 19.9 1st 217.6 193.8 average 112%
    Townsville- Fanning River (Defence) 30.7   36.3 8th 20.9   17.9 3rd 296.6


    Williamson 30.6 -1.0 32.2 5th 22.1 -0.9 19.2 1st 131.8 149.4 average 88%
    Woolshed 27.6 -1.1 33.7 8th 20.2 -0.6 17.6 3rd 833.6 275.2 highest 303%
    Yeppoon The Esplanade 28.9 -0.5 29.6 21st 24.9 +1.0 22.8 8th 68.4 120.5 average 57%
    West Central Coast (district 34)
    Charters Towers Airport 32.6 -1.2 36.7 8th 21.3 -1.2 19.0 1st 145.6 152.4 average 96%
    Moranbah Airport 32.9   36.9 4th 20.7   18.0 20th 60.0


    Central Highlands (district 35)
    Blackwater Airport 33.8   36.5 6th 21.8   18.9 3rd 62.0


    Clermont Airport 33.5   36.9 24th 21.1   17.6 20th 33.6


    Emerald Airport 35.3 +0.7 37.8 24th 22.1 -0.1 20.4 2nd 8.0 82.7 v low 10%
    Lochington 36.3   38.7 13th 22.0   19.8 12th 4.0


    Springsure Comet St 35.0 +1.0 38.2 24th 20.7 -0.2 17.7 1st 2.4 110.6 lowest 2%
    Tambo Post Office 37.4 +2.4 40.6 24th 22.9 +2.4 15.5 1st 6.6 79.5 v low 8%
    Taroom Post Office 35.8 +2.0 38.9 24th 21.4 +0.7 17.7 14th 16.2 97.7 v low 17%
    Central Lowlands (district 36)
    Blackall Airport 38.6 +2.3 41.4 24th 25.0 +1.9 22.3 31st 13.2 86.5 v low 15%
    Isisford Post Office 39.0 +2.0 41.9 24th 25.3 +2.2 19.3 31st 16.8 69.0 low 24%
    Longreach Aero 39.0 +1.9 42.4 24th 25.4 +2.2 21.9 31st 19.8 76.4 low 26%
    Upper Western (district 37)
    Camooweal Township 41.3 +4.0 44.3 10th 26.9 +2.6 22.3 12th 10.4 98.0 v low 11%
    Carters Bore 39.9   43.7 10th 27.2   21.0 26th 68.2


    New May Downs 39.6   43.0 10th 26.4   21.7 26th 28.8


    The Monument Airport 41.6 +4.0 44.0 24th 27.0 +2.3 24.0 29th 3.8 60.8 v low 6%
    Trepell Airport 40.4 +2.9 43.0 8th 26.8 +2.3 22.5 29th 151.2 98.2 high 154%
    Urandangi Aerodrome 42.6   44.9 23rd 27.5   21.8 26th 3.2


    Winton Airport 39.5 +1.7 43.1 24th 25.7 +1.4 22.1 1st 51.0 73.7 average 69%
    Lower Western (district 38)
    Bedourie 42.9 +3.5 45.8 24th 27.1 +2.0 23.5 9th 3.5 32.5 low 11%
    Birdsville Airport 44.0 +3.5 47.2 13th 29.6 +3.1 22.7 9th 0.6 23.8 low 3%
    Boulia Airport 41.4 +2.9 43.7 24th 28.6 +4.0 24.2 31st 4.4 46.9 low 9%
    Windorah Airport 41.3   44.8 17th 29.2   22.2 31st 40.2


    Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
    Bundaberg Aero 32.0 +1.7 33.0 31st 21.2 -0.3 19.4 18th 6.8 171.4 v low 4%
    Gayndah Airport 35.0 +1.3 37.2 24th 20.2 -0.6 17.1 12th 0.4 86.7 v low 0%
    Gladstone Airport 30.8 0.0 31.8 22nd 23.3 +0.3 21.4 24th 41.2 143.1 low 29%
    Gladstone Radar 32.0 +0.6 33.5 25th 23.1 +0.5 21.8 11th 30.8 148.3 low 21%
    Lady Elliot Island 30.4 +1.1 31.5 18th 24.5 +0.5 21.8 3rd 0.2 118.5 lowest 0%
    Monto Township 33.6 +1.5 36.6 24th 18.5 -0.9 15.9 2nd 5.1 109.7 v low 5%
    Rockhampton Aero 31.2 -0.8 32.9 25th 22.7 +0.5 21.3 2nd 63.8 129.7 average 49%
    Sandy Cape Lighthouse 30.1 +0.7 31.2 23rd 23.1 +0.7 20.7 2nd 23.6 162.6 v low 15%
    Seventeen Seventy 31.1 +1.7 32.7 29th 23.6 +0.6 21.5 14th 10.6 159.5 lowest 7%
    Thangool Airport 35.0 +1.3 38.0 24th 18.8 -1.0 15.5 2nd 8.8 96.2 v low 9%
    Moreton South Coast (district 40)
    Amberley AMO 33.2 +2.0 36.9 19th 19.7 +0.1 16.0 19th 5.0 115.4 v low 4%
    Archerfield Airport 32.4 +1.9 34.5 23rd 21.6 +1.3 18.3 12th 26.2 136.0 v low 19%
    Beaudesert Drumley Street 33.9 +2.6 37.8 23rd 19.6 +0.4 16.3 12th 2.0 138.7 v low 1%
    Beerburrum Forest Station 31.7 +1.4 34.1 28th     16.5 18th 6.6 195.8 lowest 3%
    Brisbane 31.9 +1.5 33.6 23rd 22.7 +1.2 20.2 12th 27.6 139.3 low 20%
    Brisbane Aero 30.4 +1.3 31.7 23rd 22.6 +1.3 20.8 19th 2.8 126.6 lowest 2%
    Canungra (Defence) 31.0   36.1 19th 18.1   14.9 13th 12.2


    Cape Moreton Lighthouse 29.5 +2.5 30.9 30th 23.5 +1.5 21.9 3rd 14.8 146.4 v low 10%
    Coolangatta 30.1 +1.7 31.2 18th 21.7 +0.7 17.6 12th 4.4 156.8 lowest 3%
    Double Island Point Lighthouse 30.6 +2.7 33.7 27th 23.6 +1.2 21.1 3rd 19.4 160.4 v low 12%
    Gold Coast Seaway 29.9 +1.1 31.3 19th 22.6 +0.8 20.4 19th 4.4 127.2 lowest 3%
    Greenbank (Defence) 32.9   35.8 23rd 19.2   15.4 12th 21.0


    Gympie 32.6 +1.4 35.4 24th 19.0 -0.6 15.6 2nd 7.2 161.9 v low 4%
    Hervey Bay Airport 31.6 +1.4 32.9 31st 21.9 -0.1 18.0 16th 2.8 132.1 v low 2%
    Kingaroy Airport 32.6 +1.7 35.9 19th 17.1 -0.9 13.3 2nd 0.8 87.3 v low 1%
    Logan City Water Treatment Plant 31.4 +1.6 33.6 23rd 21.2 +0.6 18.9 2nd 12.7 126.4 v low 10%
    Maryborough 32.0 +1.2 34.3 28th 19.6 -1.1 17.0 24th 6.8 162.8 v low 4%
    Nambour Daff - Hillside 29.8 +0.3 31.9 24th 20.0 -0.6 17.6 2nd 22.2 239.6 v low 9%
    Point Lookout 31.9 +2.5 34.4 28th 23.5 +1.0 21.2 20th 39.2 135.3 low 29%
    Rainbow Beach 29.5 +0.6 30.7 15th      
    24.0 160.1 v low 15%
    Redcliffe 30.3 +1.2 32.1 28th 23.4 +1.2 21.3 18th 17.0 135.6 v low 13%
    Redland (Alexandra Hills) 29.9   31.4 28th 21.9   19.4 12th 28.6


    Sunshine Coast Airport 29.9 +0.9 30.4 28th 21.9 +0.7 18.6 2nd 0.4 139.7 lowest 0%
    Tewantin RSL Park 29.4 +0.8 30.9 30th 22.4 +0.5 20.0 2nd 9.0 138.3 v low 7%
    Tin Can Bay (Defence) 30.2   31.2 31st 21.0   18.1 2nd 10.0


    University of Queensland Gatton 35.2 +3.6 38.8 19th 19.1 0.0 15.1 12th 1.2 110.1 lowest 1%
    East Darling Downs (district 41)
    Applethorpe 31.7 +5.1 37.6 19th 15.6 +0.4 11.4 19th 15.6 96.8 v low 16%
    Dalby Airport 34.2 +1.6 38.4 19th 18.7 -0.1 15.6 12th 0.2 73.4 lowest 0%
    Oakey Aero 33.9 +2.9 38.3 19th 19.0 +1.1 15.3 19th 1.4 77.7 lowest 2%
    Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 31.2 +3.8 36.9 19th 16.0 +0.4 10.7 13th 21.7 96.2 v low 23%
    Texas Post Office 37.1 +3.3 40.5 20th 21.6 +2.9 18.3 14th 23.6 88.8 low 27%
    Toowoomba Airport 30.8 +2.5 35.3 19th 18.2 +0.6 15.9 19th 4.8 90.6 lowest 5%
    Warwick 33.6 +3.3 39.3 19th 17.5 +0.4 13.4 19th 15.0 81.0 v low 19%
    West Darling Downs (district 42)
    Miles Constance Street 36.0 +2.2 39.3 19th 21.1 +0.6 18.4 14th 3.4 65.8 lowest 5%
    Maranoa (district 43)
    Injune Post Office 36.6 +2.9 40.2 16th 21.2 +1.5 18.3 13th 0.2 86.8 v low 0%
    Mitchell Post Office     42.1 24th 22.9 +2.8 15.9 20th 0 80.6 lowest 0%
    Roma Airport 37.8 +3.4 41.5 16th 22.8 +1.9 20.4 10th 0.6 67.3 v low 1%
    St George Airport 38.7 +3.7 42.9 16th 25.8 +3.7 22.4 6th 0 49.5 lowest 0%
    Surat 37.2 +2.9 41.2 16th 24.0 +3.2 21.7 14th 0 70.9 lowest 0%
    Warrego (district 44)
    Bollon Mary St 40.0 +4.4 45.1 16th 27.1 +5.5 23.7 13th 0.6 63.2 v low 1%
    Charleville Aero 39.2 +4.1 42.7 16th 26.4 +4.6 21.7 5th 26.0 72.8 low 36%
    Cunnamulla Post Office 41.4 +5.3 45.0 17th 28.3 +6.0 21.9 31st 6.4 47.2 low 14%
    Far Southwest (district 45)
    Ballera Gas Field 43.0 +3.4 47.3 17th 29.9 +4.1 23.4 31st 20.0 29.1 average 69%
    Offshore Islands (district 200)
    Middle Percy Island 27.9 -0.8 29.1 23rd 23.1 -0.3 20.3 8th 220.6 185.3 average 119%
    Willis Island 29.8 -0.9 31.0 9th 25.6 -0.1 23.6 30th 183.8 192.9 average 95%

    Notes

    The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

    This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 February 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

    In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

    Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
    The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

    The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
    The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

    Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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