Queensland in September 2019: Dry with warm days

Rainfall was below average for much of Queensland. Mean maximum temperatures were above average for much of the State away from the north and lower western areas, and well above average in the central and southeast. Mean minimum temperatures were below average in the State's north, central coast and lower western areas.

Dry for much of Queensland

  • For Queensland as a whole, September rainfall was 86% below average
  • Rainfall was mostly confined to the State's inland southeast, lower western regions, and along the east coast
  • Several sites in the southeast and on the northern tropical coast either had their lowest total September rainfall on record, or since 1991 or even 1980
  • The year-to-date rainfall was slight below average for Queensland as a whole, which was wetter than the first nine months in 2018 and 2017 but drier than 2016

Very warm days in the central and southeast; cool nights in the northeast

  • Queensland's mean maximum temperature was 1.83 °C above average
  • Queensland's mean minimum temperature was 0.03 °C below average, the coolest September since 2011; the State's mean temperature was 0.90 °C above average
  • Very warm days were experienced across the southeastern quarter of the State on the 4th and 5th, from strong and gusty west to northwesterly winds; a number of sites had their highest September temperature on record
  • The tip of the Cape York Peninsula was the only region with below average mean maximum temperatures; Weipa Aero equaled its coolest September on record and Horn Island had its coolest September since 1997
  • Some record cold nights were reported across the northern tropics and central coast in early September between the 4th and 10th
  • Mean minimum temperatures were two to three degree below average in the State's north and east coast ; some sites had their coolest September on record , or coolest September for at least 20 years
  • Townsville Aero's mean minimum temperature of 14.8 °C was its second-coolest September on record, and coolest September since 1941
  • Queensland's year-to-date mean temperature was 1.08 °C above average, the tenth-highest year-to-date on record
  • Queensland's year-to-date mean maximum and minimum temperatures were both just over one degree above average

Bushfires early in September

  • Dozens of bushfires started early in the month, leading to the loss of several properties and covering tens of thousands of hectares
  • On the 6th, strong west to northwesterly winds ahead of the passage of a surface trough produced extreme to locally catastrophic fire conditions in the Maranoa and Warrego, and Darling Downs and Granite Belt districts of Queensland, and also the northeastern districts of New South Wales
  • Special Climate Statement 71 gives further information about the severe fire weather conditions at the start of the month

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in September 2019
Hottest day 39.5 °C at Century Mine on the 30th
Warmest days on average 34.6 °C at Century Mine
34.6 °C at Kowanyama Airport
Coolest days on average 22.5 °C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 13.3 °C at Applethorpe on the 9th
Coldest night -1.5 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 10th
Coolest nights on average 3.7 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 23.4 °C at Coconut Island
Warmest night 25.0 °C at Horn Island on the 26th
25.0 °C at Coconut Island on the 30th
Warmest on average overall 27.9 °C at Coconut Island
Coolest on average overall 13.5 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Wettest overall 30.0 mm at Tarana Crossing
Driest overall 0 mm at several sites
Wettest day 27.0 mm at Caloundra Airport on the 29th
Strongest wind gust 83 km/h at Oakey Aero on the 6th
83 km/h at Redcliffe on the 30th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest September total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Rainbow Beach 0.4 1.0 in 2017 28 55.1
Woodford Stanmore 1.9 2.4 in 2003 22 48.1
Woolshed 0.0 0.2 in 2015 22 14.0
Russell River 2.4 10.0 in 2005 20 82.8

Lowest September total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
September
Texas Post Office 0.2 0.0 in 1928* 39.5
Ellangowan 0.7 0.0 in 1980 32.9
Applethorpe 0.8 0.6 in 1980* 41.4
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 1.6 0.0 in 1980* 50.7
Alderley 3.1 0.8 in 1987* 40.7
Cardwell Range 0.2 0.0 in 1991 55.7
Kuranda Railway Station 2.5 0.0 in 1991 37.4
Cairns Aero 1.0 0.2 in 1991* 33.1
Cardwell Marine Pde 0.8 0.0 in 1991* 38.2
Hawkins Creek 0.5 0.0 in 1991* 50.1
Victoria Sugar Mill 0.8 0.0 in 1991* 35.8
Bingil Bay 3.4 1.0 in 1991* 71.9
Gairloch 3.6 2.0 in 1995 44.3
Mapleton Post Office 2.0 1.4 in 1991* 61.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest September temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Gladstone Radar 33.9 on the 5th 33.8 on the 29th in 2017 62 26.6
Bundaberg Aero 34.2 on the 5th 34.1 on the 30th in 2017 42 25.6
Seventeen Seventy 30.7 on the 5th 30.0 on the 20th in 1989 32 24.2
Rainbow Beach 32.4 on the 4th 32.3 on the 30th in 2017 28 24.3



Record lowest September mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Weipa Aero 33.2 = 33.2 in 1994 26 34.4

Lowest September mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
September
Horn Island 29.4 28.5 in 1997 30.2



Record lowest September temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Palmerville 5.0 on the 10th 6.3 on the 12th in 1913 111 16.6
Cairns Aero 9.3 on the 5th 11.1 on the 3rd in 1948 77 18.7
Proserpine Airport 3.2 on the 4th 3.8 on the 12th in 2011 30 14.5
Horn Island 15.1 on the 8th 16.1 on the 7th in 1997 25 23.9
Coconut Island 21.2 on the 10th = 21.2 on the 11th in 2014 23 24.2
Bedourie 5.4 on the 10th 5.5 on the 14th in 2004 21 13.3
Cooktown Airport 9.7 on the 6th 10.9 on the 3rd in 2014 20 20.9
Mareeba Airport 6.6 on the 10th 8.3 on the 10th in 2006 20 15.4



Record lowest September mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Palmerville 11.3 13.5 in 1902 113 16.6
Lucinda Point 19.5 19.7 in 2006 30 20.9
Proserpine Airport 10.5 11.8 in 1991 29 14.5
Woolshed 13.3 13.7 in 2006 21 15.4
Hervey Bay Airport 11.6 12.2 in 2011 20 14.1

Lowest September mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
September
Townsville Aero 14.8 13.8 in 1941 17.4
Walkamin Research Station 12.3 12.2 in 1969 14.8
Maryborough 10.3 10.1 in 1990 12.1
Innisfail 15.9 15.7 in 1991 17.0
Kowanyama Airport 16.6 16.5 in 1991 19.0
Ayr DPI Research Stn 13.2 12.9 in 1990* 15.1
Cairns Aero 16.6 =16.6 in 1994 18.7
Mackay Aero 12.3 10.8 in 1996 14.8
South Johnstone Exp Stn 14.5 =14.5 in 1996* 16.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record lowest September mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Palmerville 22.4 23.0 in 1902 112 25.1

Lowest September mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
September
Proserpine Airport 19.8 19.5 in 1990 21.5
Townsville Aero 21.7 21.0 in 1990 22.6
Walkamin Research Station 19.5 19.2 in 1990 21.0
South Johnstone Exp Stn 21.0 20.9 in 1990* 21.9
Weipa Aero 25.9 25.7 in 1994 27.1
Innisfail 21.5 21.3 in 1996 21.9
Cairns Aero 22.9 =22.9 in 1997 23.4
Horn Island 26.1 25.6 in 1997 27.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for September 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
September
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
September
2019
Mean for
September
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
September
2019
Total for
September
2019
Average
for
September
Rank of
September
2019
Fraction of
September
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 32.5 +1.4 33.7 29th 23.4 -0.8 21.2 10th 7.0 7.3 average 96%
Coen Airport 30.5 -1.4 35.9 8th 16.8 -1.7 11.3 10th 0 0.7 v low 0%
Horn Island 29.4 -0.8 30.8 29th 22.8 -1.1 15.1 8th 3.0 5.1 average 59%
Scherger RAAF 32.9 -1.5 36.0 29th 17.9 -2.2 14.7 11th 0 5.3 v low 0%
Weipa Aero 33.2 -1.2 37.0 29th 18.6 -1.2 14.9 11th 0 1.5 lowest 0%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 28.8 -0.3 30.6 8th 20.5 0.0 14.1 8th 9.6 14.9 average 64%
Palmerville 33.5 -0.1 38.2 30th 11.3 -5.3 5.0 10th 0 8.3 lowest 0%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 32.5 -1.1 36.5 30th 16.9 -1.6 12.5 5th 0 0.8 v low 0%
Century Mine 34.6 -0.7 39.5 30th 16.9 -0.4 13.0 16th 0 2.9 v low 0%
Cloncurry Airport 32.5 -0.6 37.8 30th 15.3 -1.2 9.8 1st 0 6.0 lowest 0%
Julia Creek Airport 34.2 +0.2 39.1 29th 13.7 -0.7 7.8 12th 0 2.9 v low 0%
Kowanyama Airport 34.6 -0.1 38.9 30th 16.6 -2.4 12.1 10th 0 2.5 lowest 0%
Lake Julius AWS 33.0   38.1 30th 16.8   11.9 2nd 0
Mornington Island Airport 30.1   33.0 29th 19.4   13.9 12th 1.0
Mount Isa Aero 32.2 +0.8 37.1 30th 13.0 -1.2 6.3 2nd 0 8.1 lowest 0%
Normanton Airport 34.2 -0.5 38.6 30th 18.4 -1.7 15.4 10th 0 5.3 v low 0%
Sweers Island 28.3 -1.4 30.6 7th 20.9 -1.1 14.0 12th 0 4.8 lowest 0%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 33.5 -0.1 37.7 30th 14.1 -2.8 5.8 10th 0 4.0 v low 0%
Hughenden Airport 32.5 +0.2 37.7 29th 12.9 -2.5 5.6 10th 0 7.9 v low 0%
Richmond Airport 33.8 +0.5 38.6 30th 14.0 -0.7 8.3 12th 0 3.2 lowest 0%
Richmond Post Office 33.3 +1.0 38.1 29th 14.7 +0.7 9.9 12th 0 6.2 lowest 0%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 29.1 +1.0 30.5 29th 16.6 -2.1 9.3 5th 1.0 33.1 v low 3%
Cairns Racecourse 29.0   32.7 30th 15.0   7.6 5th 0.4
Cape Flattery 28.4 -0.6 29.8 26th 20.9 -1.3 13.0 8th 5.0 6.1 average 82%
Cooktown Airport 28.4 -0.4 29.6 28th 19.0 -1.9 9.7 6th 3.8 7.1 average 54%
Low Isles Lighthouse 28.6 0.0 30.5 7th     19.1 6th 3.4 36.1 low 9%
Mareeba Airport 28.4 -0.4 32.8 30th 12.9 -2.5 6.6 10th 0 4.4 lowest 0%
Walkamin Research Station 26.7 -0.5 31.0 30th 12.3 -2.5 8.0 6th 1.9 8.4 average 23%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cowley Beach (Defence) 27.1   28.6 27th 15.9   7.8 10th 5.4
Innisfail 27.1 +0.4 29.1 5th 15.9 -1.1 10.8 10th 12.8 85.3 low 15%
Innisfail Aerodrome 27.8   30.2 5th 12.3   5.2 10th 3.8
Lucinda Point 24.8 -1.0 26.3 4th 19.5 -1.4 15.5 5th 3.0 24.9 average 12%
Mount Stuart (Defence) 29.1   33.1 7th 17.2   14.2 11th 0
South Johnstone Exp Stn 27.4 +0.3 29.9 30th 14.5 -2.2 8.1 10th 18.2 83.8 low 22%
Townsville Aero 28.7 +0.9 30.8 9th 14.8 -2.6 9.5 6th 0 10.2 lowest 0%
Townsville- Air Weapons Range (Defence) 29.0   33.6 30th 13.7   6.9 9th 0
East Central Coast (district 33)
Ayr DPI Research Stn 29.1 +1.0 31.8 5th 13.2 -1.9 7.7 9th 0.2 9.8 low 2%
Bowen Airport AWS 27.9   31.0 5th 13.8   7.1 10th 0
Collinsville Post Office 31.3 +1.5 35.4 30th 11.1 -2.6 5.6 11th 0 11.3 lowest 0%
Hamilton Island Airport 25.0 -0.4 29.8 5th 19.4 -0.8 17.4 3rd 1.8 27.3 low 7%
Mackay Aero 27.0 +1.0 32.6 5th 12.3 -2.5 6.6 9th 0 24.0 lowest 0%
Mackay M.O 26.3 +0.9 32.3 5th 15.6 -1.1 11.0 9th 0.2 19.6 v low 1%
Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 26.7   31.6 5th 12.0   6.0 9th 0.2
Proserpine Airport 29.1 +0.6 33.7 5th 10.5 -4.0 3.2 4th 3.2 18.4 average 17%
Samuel Hill Aero 27.4 +1.2 31.9 4th 9.3 -3.0 4.2 9th 0.6 40.9 v low 1%
St Lawrence 28.3 +1.0 32.5 5th 11.6 -3.2 6.6 9th 0 20.9 v low 0%
Townsville- Fanning River (Defence) 29.6   34.0 30th 13.4   8.5 11th 0
Williamson 28.5 +1.2 33.3 5th 10.7 -3.3 3.6 9th 0 16.0 v low 0%
Woolshed 26.5 +0.7 30.7 30th 13.3 -2.1 5.1 4th 0 14.0 lowest 0%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 24.6 +0.2 27.8 8th 14.8 -1.0 8.7 9th 0.2 33.6 v low 1%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 30.9 +0.6 35.1 30th 13.8 -1.4 8.8 11th 0 9.1 lowest 0%
Moranbah Airport 31.1   35.5 30th 11.2   4.5 11th 0.2
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 30.5   35.1 29th 12.1   7.2 9th 0
Clermont Airport 30.3   34.8 29th 9.2   1.5 9th 0 29.0 v low 0%
Emerald Airport 30.6 +1.5 34.9 29th 13.1 -0.4 8.3 9th 0 26.3 lowest 0%
Lochington 30.0   34.6 29th 10.4   4.3 9th 0.2
Rolleston Airport 30.0   34.8 29th 10.2   4.1 11th 0 41.2 v low 0%
Springsure Comet St 29.4 +1.8 33.7 29th 11.0 -0.3 3.4 17th 0 30.0 lowest 0%
Tambo Post Office 29.2 +1.8 33.5 29th 8.8 -0.3 1.0 11th 0.4 21.7 low 2%
Taroom Post Office 29.7 +2.8 34.8 5th 9.7 -0.8 2.9 1st 10.0 31.9 average 31%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 30.5 +1.8 35.2 29th 15.3 +1.9 9.6 9th 0 16.5 lowest 0%
Blackall Airport 30.5 +1.1 35.1 29th 11.1 -1.3 2.4 11th 0 24.8 v low 0%
Isisford Post Office 31.8 +2.4 35.9 29th 12.1 -0.1 4.8 11th 0 15.2 lowest 0%
Longreach Aero 32.0 +1.7 37.2 29th     4.6 9th 0 11.6 lowest 0%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 33.5 +1.1 38.8 30th 14.0 -1.2 6.9 11th 0 6.3 lowest 0%
Carters Bore 31.4   36.6 30th 16.5   13.4 1st 0
New May Downs 31.7   36.6 30th 15.8   10.9 20th 0
The Monument Airport 31.2 -0.4 36.4 30th 10.9 -3.1 4.4 9th 0 9.3 v low 0%
Trepell Airport 31.8 -0.1 36.9 30th 12.4 -2.1 5.9 1st 0 6.0 v low 0%
Urandangi Aerodrome 32.2   38.5 30th 10.5   2.9 9th 0
Winton Airport 33.0 +1.0 38.5 29th 13.1 -1.2 6.8 12th 0 12.5 v low 0%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie 29.6 -0.5 36.1 30th 10.4 -2.9 5.4 10th 5.0 9.5 high 53%
Birdsville Airport 29.6 0.0 38.2 20th 10.6 -2.7 5.6 1st 6.6 8.2 high 80%
Windorah Airport 30.1   35.5 27th 12.0   5.6 1st 1.8
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 28.2 +2.6 34.2 5th 12.7 -1.0 8.3 5th 0.2 35.0 v low 1%
Gayndah Airport 30.0 +2.0 34.5 6th 10.7 -0.8 4.8 11th 0.4 29.3 v low 1%
Gladstone Airport 27.8 +1.7 33.1 5th 14.8 -0.8 9.0 9th 2.6 26.4 low 10%
Gladstone Radar 28.3 +1.7 33.9 5th 16.6 +0.1 12.7 10th 2.2 26.1 low 8%
Lady Elliot Island 25.2 +1.4 27.1 5th 18.8 0.0 14.1 15th 1.2 38.3 v low 3%
Monto Township 29.1 +2.7 33.5 30th 9.0 -0.7 3.5 2nd 0.5 24.1 v low 2%
Rockhampton Aero 30.3 +2.8 35.0 30th 13.0 -0.8 7.1 3rd 1.6 24.2 low 7%
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 25.1 +0.8 27.5 5th 17.3 +0.4 11.9 10th 3.6 50.0 v low 7%
Seventeen Seventy 25.9 +1.7 30.7 5th 16.9 -0.2 11.1 10th 0 34.0 lowest 0%
Thangool Airport 30.0 +1.9 34.9 30th 9.0 -0.8 2.4 9th 0.6 25.1 low 2%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 29.3 +3.6 36.4 6th 8.7 -0.8 2.9 10th 13.0 33.1 average 39%
Archerfield Airport 27.9 +2.6 35.1 6th 11.3 +0.2 6.6 12th 8.4 34.9 low 24%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 28.7 +2.6 34.7 6th 9.7 -0.2 3.6 10th 14.6 34.4 low 42%
Beerburrum Forest Station 28.0 +2.0 34.3 6th 11.3 -0.7 6.6 4th 20.6 46.8 average 44%
Brisbane 27.4 +1.8 34.8 6th 14.1 +0.3 10.4 1st 8.8 28.4 low 31%
Brisbane Aero 25.4 +1.2 34.6 6th 12.8 -0.1 8.1 13th 3.0 32.5 v low 9%
Canungra (Defence) 26.9   33.6 6th 7.1   1.8 1st 16.8
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 23.3 +1.8 29.5 4th 16.8 +0.8 12.0 10th 2.8 64.0 v low 4%
Coolangatta 24.5 +1.1 30.9 4th 12.7 -0.6 4.6 8th 9.6 39.4 low 24%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 25.0 +2.2 30.9 6th 17.4 +0.8 12.5 10th 0 49.6 lowest 0%
Gold Coast Seaway 24.9 +0.9 29.7 14th 14.5 -0.3 10.6 1st 9.0 41.3 v low 22%
Greenbank (Defence) 28.2   35.3 6th 8.4   2.9 10th 9.8
Gympie 28.3 +2.2 33.5 5th 9.7 -0.6 2.5 3rd 0.8 44.7 v low 2%
Hervey Bay Airport 25.8 +0.9 27.8 3rd 11.6 -2.5 3.0 9th 0.8 34.7 v low 2%
Kingaroy Airport 26.8 +1.8 31.6 6th 7.7 -0.4 1.3 14th 7.0 26.9 low 26%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 27.1 +2.0 33.4 28th 12.5 0.0 8.6 10th 16.5 39.3 low 42%
Maryborough 28.3 +2.6 33.8 5th 10.3 -1.8 3.4 9th 0.6 41.9 v low 1%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 26.9 +1.5 33.3 6th 13.4 0.0 9.0 4th 3.6 48.5 v low 7%
Point Lookout 25.4 +1.4 31.6 4th 16.2 -0.4 11.9 11th 5.8 54.6 v low 11%
Rainbow Beach 25.3 +1.0 32.4 4th       0.4 55.1 lowest 1%
Redcliffe 25.7 +1.7 34.4 6th 14.5 0.0 9.9 10th 5.2 37.6 low 14%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 24.9   32.6 4th 13.1   8.6 10th 8.2
Sunshine Coast Airport 25.3 +1.0 33.6 6th 12.8 -0.1 8.3 3rd 4.6 52.9 low 9%
Tewantin RSL Park 25.4 +1.1 32.9 4th 14.4 -0.1 9.1 8th 9.0 55.7 v low 16%
Tin Can Bay (Defence) 26.4   32.7 4th 12.5   5.9 8th 1.6
University of Queensland Gatton 29.3 +3.7 35.4 6th 9.2 -0.3 3.8 13th 1.0 34.6 v low 3%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 22.5 +3.4 27.5 6th 4.7 -1.1 -0.6 14th 0.8 41.4 v low 2%
Dalby Airport 27.8 +2.2 33.1 6th 7.3 -1.4 0.9 1st 3.8 28.5 low 13%
Oakey Aero 26.8 +2.8 32.5 6th 7.0 -0.3 0.9 3rd 1.6 30.4 v low 5%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 23.4 +3.7 28.3 6th 3.7 -1.4 -1.5 10th 1.6 50.7 v low 3%
Texas Post Office 27.2 +2.7 33.0 6th 7.7 -0.2 1.7 10th 0.2 39.5 v low 1%
Toowoomba Airport 24.4 +2.1 30.0 6th 10.5 -0.1 4.1 10th 3.6 34.3 v low 10%
Warwick 26.4 +2.8 31.9 6th 6.4 -0.7 1.0 10th 6.6 34.2 v low 19%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 28.2 +1.6 33.6 6th 7.9 -2.1 0.2 11th 6.6 25.2 low 26%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 28.4 +2.1 33.2 17th 7.3 -1.0 -0.4 11th 23.2 26.6 average 87%
Mitchell Post Office 28.4 +2.6 33.5 6th 6.6 -0.9 0.2 11th 6.2 26.7 low 23%
Roma Airport 28.7 +2.0 34.5 6th 8.0 -1.3 0.5 11th 17.4 25.6 average 68%
St George Airport 27.9 +1.4 34.1 6th 9.5 -1.2 3.6 1st 0.4 25.4 v low 2%
Surat 27.8 +2.1 33.7 6th 8.9 -0.5 2.6 1st 2.4 28.9 low 8%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 28.0 +2.3 34.5 7th 9.1 -0.2 3.8 1st 1.4 24.2 low 6%
Charleville Aero 28.5 +2.3 33.9 6th 9.5 -0.5 1.8 11th 1.4 23.6 low 6%
Cunnamulla Post Office 27.9 +2.2 33.1 5th 10.9 +0.2 5.3 18th 0 18.1 lowest 0%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 28.3 +0.2 35.0 16th 12.6 -0.5 6.4 8th 0 9.7 v low 0%
Thargomindah Airport 28.1 +0.4 34.5 20th 11.4 -1.3 5.9 11th 0 9.7 lowest 0%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Cato Island 23.8   26.9 29th 19.8   16.8 12th
Creal Reef 23.4   25.1 18th 21.4   18.4 11th
Flinders Reef 24.8   27.5 7th 22.5   20.6 11th
Gannet Cay 23.0   24.8 28th 20.7   16.8 12th
Holmes Reef 24.9   27.3 7th 23.1   21.3 11th
Marion Reef 23.8   26.1 7th 21.7   20.1 11th
Middle Percy Island 24.1 +0.3 28.0 5th 17.9 -0.5 15.4 10th 1.6 28.3 low 6%
Willis Island 27.4 0.0 28.7 29th 22.8 +0.2 21.2 13th 0.8 16.1 low 5%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Tuesday 1 October 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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